Bad Buchau is a small town in the district of Biberach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany with about 4,000 inhabitants. It is situated near Lake Federsee, separated from the town by a wide reed belt. Bad Buchau incorporates the nine villages of Allmannsweiler, Dürnau, Betzenweiler, Alleshausen, Seekirch and Oggelshausen, as well as the outlying farm settlements of Ottobeurer Hof and Henauhof. Part of Bad Buchau is the independent district of Kappel; the official language is German, with day-to-day conversations by the majority of its inhabitants in the Swabian dialect. From the 13th century to the mediatisation of 1803, Buchau had the particularity of being the seat of both an Imperial Abbey and a Free Imperial City. In terms of area, it was one of the smallest such cities and its island situation eliminated the necessity to erect city walls and towers. Buchau, lost its insular benefits after the water level of Lake Federsee had been lowered on two occasions. AD 770 – Buchau Abbey was founded in by the Frankish Count Warin and his wife Adelindis, from whom the present "Adelindisfest" takes its name.
The church still serves as the parish church. 819 and 857 – Grants for the Abbey are received from the Frankish Kings Louis the Pious and Louis the German respectively. 902 – The three sons of countess Adelindis, Gerhard and Reginolf, are killed when attempting to abduct their sister, the Abbess Adelindis, from Buchau's Abbey in order to get her married. Countess Adelindis joins the Abbey in order to atone for her sons' deed and is to this day admired as a great Benefactrix and Saint of the people, she rests together with her slain sons in the crypt of the collegiate church. 1014 or 1022 – A mint and market is mentioned by the Abbey. Buchau appears for the first time as a "Freie Reichsstadt". 1417 – The Abbey is declared a secular convent and accepts daughters of the Swabian nobility. 1577 – The Free Imperial City hosts a Jewish Community, which gains prominence under the protection of the city. 1650 – A Jewish cemetery is constructed. 1730 and 1837 – Erection of a synagogue for the growing Jewish community.
1774–1776 – The style of the collegiate church is transformed from Gothic to French classicism. 1787 and 1808 – Lake Federsee's level is lowered, yet hopes to gain farm land in this manner are dashed, though roads can now be constructed. 1802/1803 – Both the Imperial Abbey and the Free Imperial City lose their independence during the course of the German mediatisation. They become the property of the Baron of Thurn and Taxis by decree of the Regensburg parliament "Reichstag von Regensburg". 1806 – Buchau becomes a township of the kingdom of Württemberg. 1807 – The Jewish community acquires the right to acquire goods. 1828 – The Jewish community acquires their civil liberties. 1847 – Hermann Einstein, father of Albert Einstein, is born. 1896–1917 – The narrow-gauge railway Schussenried – Buchau – Riedlingen is being built as a feeder line to and from the main railroad line. 1911 – The boardwalk is installed, which leads to Lake Federsee by intersecting a wide reed belt. Buchau and the Lake Federsee area are becoming well known through archaeological digs in the moor.
Noteworthy is the unearthing of the Waterfortress Buchau "Wasserburg Buchau", a settlement from the late Bronze Age. Establishment of the Wildlife Preserve Federsee, which today presents the largest turf moor wildlife preserve in Baden-Wuerttemberg. 1935 – Saulgau-Earthquake damages 200 buildings and collapses the pediment of St. Peter and Paul church in Kappel 1938 – The Synagogue is demolished the night after Kristallnacht, the Jewish community begins to scatter. 1941–45 – The Jewish people of Buchau, who had made up a substantial part of the population, were deported to Nazi extermination camps. Only 4 returned after the Second World War. 1949 – Opening of the civic spa. 1963 – Buchau receives the title of "Bad" and is henceforth known as Bad Buchau 1968 – The new Federseemuseum opened, with extraordinary exhibits relating to the Stone Age and Bronze Age. The area is rich in archaeological artifacts from this era. 1969 – The narrow-gauge railroad line is retired. 1963–1998 – Expansion of Bad Buchau's Spa with a thermal spring and large spa gardens.
1948–1978: Hans Knittel 1979–2003: Harald Müller 1 February 2003 – present: Peter Diesch The prehistoric settlement at Siedlung Forschner is part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The most prominent company is Franz Kessler GmbH, based in Bad Buchau's light industrial area of Kappel. Karoline Kaulla, court Jew, working at the Württemberg court Hermann Einstein and father of Albert Einstein Hans Kayser and music theorist Town Website German Wiki for Bad Buchau AmFedersee.de
Langenenslingen is a municipality in the district of Biberach in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It has a population close to 3,500. Langenenslingen is located on the northern edge of Upper Swabia in Old and Young Drift in the district of Biberach, it lies on a tourist route. The highest elevation of the Biberach district with 801 metres is located in Ittenhausen. Langenenslingen was first mentioned in a document in 935, it belonged to the Counts of Veringen. They sold it in 1291 to the House of Habsburg. In 1806 Langenenslingen fell to Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, where it was assigned to Oberamt Sigmaringen Sigmaringen district. In 1945 it became a part of the newly formed Württemberg-Hohenzollern and since 1952 it has been part of the state of Baden-Württemberg. Since 1973 Langenenslingen has been located in Biberach district. 1 February 1972: Egelfingen 1 January 1975: Andelfingen, Billafingen, Dürrenwaldstetten, Friedingen and Unterwilflingen The place Antolvinga was mentioned in documents, when local goods from the convent St. Gallen were transferred to the Bishop of Constance.
Alemannic grave finds indicate a settlement in the 7th century. In the 13th century the city came as Pilofingen to the Counts of Grüningen-Landau to Habsburg. In the district reform in 1973 the site was, although belonging to Hohenzollern, assigned to the district of Biberach. Since 1975 it belongs to the district of Biberach; the village was first identified in 1273 in a document of the monastery Heiligkreuztal. The parish map of Dürrenwaldstetten was first mentioned in 1275. In 1611/2 95 and in 1635/6 43 people died from the plague. During the Thirty Years' War Dürrenwaldstetten was plundered by Swedish troops. In 1803, the monastery Zwiefalten was secularized and the monastery's possessions came to Württemberg; the monastery's parishes, including Dürrenwaldstetten came to the Diocese of Constance. Dürrenwaldstetten came in 1809 to Oberamt Riedlingen. Dürrenwaldstetten was connected to the electric power grid of the Oberschwäbische Elektrizitätswerke in 1922; the district of Saulgau was dissolved in 1972 as part of the district reform.
The village was dominated for a long time by agriculture. Now all residents are employed outside of the village in the secondary and tertiary sectors. Egelfingen belonged to the Knights rule Unterwilflingen, they were vassals of the Counts of Veringen. In 1487 the location was sold by the Counts of Hornstein to Hans Mulflingen, his heirs sold the place including the castle Schatzberg to the Schenk von Stauffenberg. Emerfeld belonged to the imperial rule Gundelfingen to the Prince of Fürstenberg; the church was consecrated in 1133 by the Bishop of Constance. For a long time iron ore was smelted in the nearby Lauchert valley. In 1278 Countess Sophia of Veringen gave an estate from Friedingen to the monastery Heiligkreuztal. In 1286 Count Heinrich von Veringen sold all his possessions from Friedingen to the monastery Kreuztal for 130 silver marks. Ittenhausen once belonged to the Counts of Veringen, after their extinction to the Counts of Rechberg and in 1447 for a short time to the Counts of Württemberg, who sold it again in 1465.
With the resolution of the monastery Zwiefalten in 1803 the place with 200 inhabitants fell to the Duchy Kingdom of Württemberg. Documented for the first time in 1086, Unterwilflingen once belonged to the Counts of Veringen or the Count of Gruningen-Landau. Many of the local goods came by donation to the monastery Heiligkreuztal; the writer Ernst Jünger had his residence in Unterwilflingen in the local Stauffenberg Forsthaus from 1951 until his death in 1998. The mayor of Langenenslingen is Andreas Schneider. Mayor Schneider is the head of the council. A divided blade up in red on green Dreiberg three golden deer feet, bottom in gold three red deer antler above the other; the upper half of the shield corresponds to the seal of the Heinrich von Enslingen from the year 1341. The deer antler in the lower half of the shield relate to the Counts of Veringen as Langenenslingen belonged to the County of Veringen in the 14th century; the coat of arms was granted by the Interior Ministry of Württemberg-Hohenzollern on 28 January 1949.
Since 1997 there is a partnership with the Polish community of Brzesko. Langenenslingen has a primary school. Forsthaus in Unterwilflingen: Ernst Jünger lived in the Stauffenberg Forsthaus in Unterwilflingen, a Baroque building of 1728, from 1950 until his death in 1998. In 1999, the house was turned into a memorial by the Ernst-Jünger-Foundation. Unterwilflingen Castle: The Stauffenberg family have been the owners of Unterwilflingen Castle since 1464. Johann Franz Schenk von Stauffenberg built the current structure in 1710 as a hunting lodge; the Reichstag Vice President Franz August Schenk von Stauffenberg and his son Franz Schenk Freiherr von Stauffenberg established a private library, which now contains about 30,000 volumes. During World War II the castle served as a princely exile and home of the retired Ministers of Vichy France from Sigmaringen. Alte Burg, remains of a hilltop fortification dating to the Hallstatt period and associated with nearby Heuneburg, a major Celtic settlement. Parish church of St. Jakob in Dürrenwaldstetten, Baroque church of 1781/1782 with frescoes by Januarius Zick.
The church of St. Mauritius in Langenenslingen, was first mentioned in 1266 and expanded in 1736/36. In 1751 the interior was painted; the church of St. Konrad in Langenenslingen was built 1889–1893; the chapel Maria refuge on the Eichberg bei Langenensl
Bavaria the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area comprising a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Nuremberg; the history of Bavaria includes its earliest settlement by Iron Age Celtic tribes, followed by the conquests of the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC, when the territory was incorporated into the provinces of Raetia and Noricum. It became a stem duchy in the 6th century AD following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, it was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire, became an independent kingdom, joined the Prussian-led German Empire while retaining its title of kingdom, became a state of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Duchy of Bavaria dates back to the year 555. In the 17th century AD, the Duke of Bavaria became a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Kingdom of Bavaria existed from 1806 to 1918. In 1946, the Free State of Bavaria re-organised itself on democratic lines after the Second World War. Bavaria has a unique culture because of the state's Catholic majority and conservative traditions. Bavarians have traditionally been proud of their culture, which includes a language, architecture, festivals such as Oktoberfest and elements of Alpine symbolism; the state has the second largest economy among the German states by GDP figures, giving it a status as a rather wealthy German region. Modern Bavaria includes parts of the historical regions of Franconia and Swabia; the Bavarians emerged in a region north of the Alps inhabited by Celts, part of the Roman provinces of Raetia and Noricum. The Bavarians spoke Old High German, unlike other Germanic groups, they did not migrate from elsewhere. Rather, they seem to have coalesced out of other groups left behind by the Roman withdrawal late in the 5th century; these peoples may have included the Celtic Boii, some remaining Romans, Allemanni, Thuringians, Scirians, Heruli.
The name "Bavarian" means "Men of Baia" which may indicate Bohemia, the homeland of the Celtic Boii and of the Marcomanni. They first appear in written sources circa 520. A 17th century Jewish chronicler David Solomon Ganz, citing Cyriacus Spangenberg, claimed that the diocese was named after an ancient Bohemian king, Boiia, in the 14th century BC. From about 554 to 788, the house of Agilolfing ruled the Duchy of Bavaria, ending with Tassilo III, deposed by Charlemagne. Three early dukes are named in Frankish sources: Garibald I may have been appointed to the office by the Merovingian kings and married the Lombard princess Walderada when the church forbade her to King Chlothar I in 555, their daughter, became Queen of the Lombards in northern Italy and Garibald was forced to flee to her when he fell out with his Frankish overlords. Garibald's successor, Tassilo I, tried unsuccessfully to hold the eastern frontier against the expansion of Slavs and Avars around 600. Tassilo's son Garibald II seems to have achieved a balance of power between 610 and 616.
After Garibald II little is known of the Bavarians until Duke Theodo I, whose reign may have begun as early as 680. From 696 onwards he invited churchmen from the west to organize churches and strengthen Christianity in his duchy, his son, led a decisive Bavarian campaign to intervene in a succession dispute in the Lombard Kingdom in 714, married his sister Guntrud to the Lombard King Liutprand. At Theodo's death the duchy was reunited under his grandson Hugbert. At Hugbert's death the duchy passed from neighboring Alemannia. Odilo issued a law code for Bavaria, completed the process of church organization in partnership with St. Boniface, tried to intervene in Frankish succession disputes by fighting for the claims of the Carolingian Grifo, he was defeated near Augsburg in 743 but continued to rule until his death in 748. Saint Boniface completed the people's conversion to Christianity in the early 8th century. Tassilo III succeeded his father at the age of eight after an unsuccessful attempt by Grifo to rule Bavaria.
He ruled under Frankish oversight but began to function independently from 763 onwards. He was noted for founding new monasteries and for expanding eastwards, fighting Slavs in the eastern Alps and along the River Danube and colonising these lands. After 781, his cousin Charlemagne began to pressure Tassilo to submit and deposed him in 788; the deposition was not legitimate. Dissenters attempted a coup against Charlemagne at Tassilo's old capital of Regensburg in 792, led by his own son Pépin the Hunchback; the king had to drag Tassilo out of imprisonment to formally renounce his rights and titles at the Assembly of Frankfurt in 794. This is the last appearance of Tassilo in the sources, he died a monk; as all of his family were forced into monasteries, this was the end of the Agilolfing dynasty. For the next 400 years numerous families held the duchy for more than three generations. With the revolt of duke Henry the Quarrelsome in 976, Bavaria lost large territories in the south and
Biberach an der Riss
Biberach is a town in the south of Germany. It is the capital of Biberach district, in the Upper Swabia region of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. To distinguish it from the other towns of the same name it is called Biberach an der Riss after the small river Riss which flows through the city. Biberach has a population of about 32,000, is located in Upper Swabia between the river Danube and Lake Constance; the districts of Biberach comprise the inner city and its suburban, integrated villages Rissegg, Ringschnait and Mettenberg. For many centuries, Biberach was an Imperial Free City in the Holy Roman Empire. In that role it participated in the 1792 Reichstag. During the Protestant Reformation, Biberach was notable for being — along only with Ravensburg and Dinkelsbühl — a "Mixed Imperial City" where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint Catholic–Protestant government and administrative system, with equality offices and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant civic officials.
This status ended in 1803, when Biberach was annexed by the Margraviate of Baden, soon to become a grand-duchy. In 1806, it was traded to the Kingdom of Württemberg in exchange for the town of Villingen. During the French Revolutionary Wars and its environs were the site of two sizable battles in 1796 and 1800. During World War II, two large prisoner-of-war camps were located here, with Oflag V-B for officers, internment camp Ilag V-B for allied civilians from the Channel Islands. With an unemployment rate of around 3.6 percent and place of business of companies like EnBW, Liebherr, KaVo Dental GmbH, Boehringer Ingelheim, Biberach is a significant industrial location in the southwest of Germany. KaVo is a company producing dental medicine equipment and products like instruments, dental systems and equipment for training centres for universities; the head office is in Biberach. In March 2004, Danaher, an American industrial company, took over KaVo. Boehringer Ingelheim researches and produces drugs.
Boehringer Ingelheim was founded in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany, in 1885, where the corporate headquarters are located. There are about 4,500 employees in Biberach. EnBW means "Energy Baden-Württemberg", its corporate centre is in Karlsruhe. EnBW is Germany's third largest energy company. In Biberach there are about 900 employees; the beginning of Liebherr Biberach was in 1954. The firm produces many sorts of cranes. 1,700 people and 112 trainees work there. The group's founder, Dr. Hans Liebherr, invented the mobile tower crane in 1949 in Kirchdorf/Iller; the town has hourly trains to Ulm and Friedrichshafen. Braith-Mali-Museum: The museum resides in a building from the 16th century and presents on 2,800 square meters archaeology, history and natural history. Wieland-Museum: The exhibition explores the life and work of Christoph Martin Wieland; the museum resides in the summer house of Wieland. Biberach has a film fest for German films which celebrated its 31st anniversary in 2009; the Biberacher Schützenfest is a historic festival for the town.
The event lasts nine days. The name "Schützenfest" derives from the German noun Schütze, but nowadays, the crossbow competition and the appraisal of the best male and female champion shot are only small events during the week of the Schützenfest. Other attractions and events during the festival are: Street parades Fairgrounds Historical performances Theme park Parties in bars, cafès and so on Beer tent Children's theater The annual Christmas market, called "Christkindlesmarkt", which lasts 16 days, is another highlight of the year. Exotic foods from Britain and Italy, beautiful arts and crafts are there to see and buy. People meet to drink mulled wine; the church music in Biberach is specially determined by the St.-Martins-Chorknaben Biberach. Musiknacht Musikfrühling Kabarettherbst TG Biberach 1847 e. V. is one of the biggest clubs in the region. It has more than 6,000 members and 27 divisions including American football, chess or volleyball. IBOT Another important sports festival in Biberach is IBOT, an annual international handball tournament for youth with more than a thousand participants which takes place at Easter.
Matthias Erzberger, German politician is buried here Alf Bayrle, German painter and printmaker was born here Anton Braith, German painter of animals, was born and died here Loris Karius, Liverpool F. C. goalkeeper Dirk Raudies, Grand Prix driver, was born here Harry Baer, producer, author Johann Melchior Dinglinger, jeweller at the court of Augustus II the Strong in Dresden Steffen Deibler, swimmer Markus Deibler, swimmer Eberhard Emminger, lithographer Hugo Häring, architect Justin Heinrich Knecht, organ player, conductor Anton Kutter and telescope constructor Biberach is twinned with five cities. It has close links to Guernsey, one of the Channel Islands
Riedlingen is a town in the district of Biberach, Baden-Württemberg, in the south-west of Germany. It is one of the destinations of the Upper Swabian Baroque Route. Riedlingen has 10,000 inhabitants; the town is situated on the Danube river. Furthermore, there it lies in a dale, created by the extensions of the Swabian Alps. Around Riedlingen there are seven villages; these are called Neufra, Daugendorf, Grüningen, Zwiefaltendorf and Bechingen. Riedlingen is an Alemannic foundation; the first written reference dates back to 835. The medieval city was built 1247-1255, situated east of the hamlet of the Earl of Veringen, it was a typical town with its foundations kept in rectangular and square roads with the market place as the centre. In the late 13th Century the city was in possession of the Habsburgs, but which they pledged later. In 1314 the city belonged to the Counts of Hohenberg to the lords of Ellerbach 1384 and to the Steward of Waldburg; the Reformation in the 16th Century found strong support by the urban population.
However, it could not prevail against the Catholic Church's Counter Reformation. From 1654-58 Riedlingen a Capuchin monastery was built. In 1680 the city was claimed by Austria. In Riedlingen there are many sports clubs, such as the football club TSV Riedlingen which plays in the German "Kreisliga A"; the carnival group called. In the town centre there are several bakeries, a cinema which acts as a theatre and cafe within the same building; the writer Ernst Jünger used to live close to Riedlingen in the Jünger-Haus Wilflingen. The main employers in Riedlingen are the metalworking companies "Silit" and " Feinguss Blank". Train transportation is served by the Danube Valley Railway. In the history of the city of Riedlingen, eleven people have been honoured so far. Wilfried Steuer and Winfried Aßfalg are the current living honorary citizens. 1914: Adolf Gröber, Member of the Reichstag and Landtag 1917: Carl Buz, professor 1926: Franz Xaver Maier, mayor 1953: Theodor Selig, priest 1959: Josef Kohler, tax official 1964: Kilian Fischer, mayor 1967: Franz Zeller, teacher 1967: Odilo Burkart, general director 1981: Albert Burkart, painter 1992: Wilfried Steuer, former district counsilior and former manager in the energy industry 2010: Winfried Aßfalg, museum director, photographer, local historian Schweikhard of Helfenstein, president of the Reichskammergericht and there imperial governor of Tyrol author and promoter of the Catholic Reform Andreas von Jerin, Bishop of Breslau Agatha Mahler, was the last woman executed in a witch-hunt Franz Joseph Christian, sculptor Joseph Anton Sauter, religious law expert and university teacher Conrad Graf, piano maker Frederick Miller, founder of the national brewer Miller Brewing Company in Milwaukee Adolf Gröber, leader of the Centre Party in the Reichstag Gustav Merk, Catholic priest and archivist Maria Caspar-Filser, painter Willy Missmahl, surgeon Wilhelm Broeckel and association director Josef Keller | Josef Keller, considered as one of the inventors of the Black Forest gateau Emil Münch, local politician, District Chief Executive in Tettnang Albert Burkart, artist Ludwig Walz and Righteous Among the Nations Franz Freiherr von Bodman, Obersturmführer and camp doctor in several concentration camps Hans-Peter Missmahl, internist Helmut Schlegel OFM, Priest, meditation teacher and lyricist of new sacred songs Hans-Peter Mayer, European delegate of the CDU for Niedersachsen Eugen Münch, founder of the Rhön-Klinikum Franz Schmidberger, Catholic priest and Superior of the Society of Saint Pius X Wolfgang Schneiderhan, former Inspector General of the Bundeswehr Peter Schneider, Member of Parliament, President of the Savings Banks Association of Baden-Württemberg Wolfgang Amann, mayor of Geislingen Thomas Tress, CEO of Borussia Dortmund and organization Mario Gómez, VfB Stuttgart and German football player Kaspar of Carp to Pflummern and Talheim, the feudal lord of Pflummern Richard Lohrmann and conservationists, led from 1946 to 1961, the Forestry Office Riedlingen John Zwick, pastor in Riedlingen 1522 Reformation attempt Ernst Jünger, philosopher and entomologist.
Schemmerhofen is a municipality in the district of Biberach in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Schemmerhofen is located in the Upper Swabia region of Baden-Württemberg; the municipality of Schemmerhofen is located 9 km north of the district town Biberach an der Riß. The municipality includes, in addition to the village of Schemmerhofen, the autonomous villages of Schemmerberg, Altheim, Aßmannshardt and Alberweiler; the settlements Bachhof, Britschweiler, Brühlhof, Grafenwald, Mittenweiler, Öschhof and Ziegelei fall under the municipality's jurisdiction. The Mühlbach River flows through Aßmannshardt and Schemmerhofen before emptying into the Riß River; the Riß River in turn travels north through Schemmerberg before flowing into the Danube River. The municipality has a total population of 8,082, it is impossible today to determine whether the term Scammara in a document in the year 851 referred to the village of Langenschemmern or Schemmerberg. References to ad Scammares in 1095, Schamern in 1127, Scammun in 1242 and Krutschemmern in 1319, indicate that no distinction was made during this period between the two towns.
Only in 1361 is Landenschammar referenced for the first time. From the end of the 14th century, a distinction was made between Oberschemmern and Unterschemmern though the shortened name Schemmern, as well as the name used today, was mentioned during this period. Schemmern refers to the reedbeds in the Riß River valley; the hamlets of Aufhofen and Langenschemmern formed a single political entity. However, after the annexation by the newly formed Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806, the inhabitants of Aufhofen chose to secede from Langenschemmern. Since the properties of the inhabitants were spread over the territories of both villages, the separation was not completed until 1843; as part of the territorial reform in Baden-Württemberg and Aufhofen reunited on 1 August 1972 to become the community of Schemmerhofen. Schemmerhofen has a population of 2928. Schemmerberg has a population of 1220. First mentioned in 1267 as Schamerberg, Schemmerberg has had its own parish church, dedicated to Saint Martin, since 1275.
The origin of this church dates back to the earlier period of Christianization of Upper Swabia in the Early Middle Ages. Belonging to the Herren of Schaemmern, Schemmerberg was divided in the late Middle Ages: one part belonging to the Counts of Wartstein and the other to the Herren of Sulmetingen. Both of these dominions held their land rights in Schemmerberg as vassals of the Austrian House of Habsburg; the Counts of Wartstein sold their rights incrementally to the Imperial Abbey Salem during the 13th and 14th century. When Jakob and Sebastian von Sulmetingen sold their possessions in Schemmerberg to the Imperial Abbey Salem in 1496, the entire village was owned by this abbey; as part of the Salem Abbey, Schemmerberg fell under the jurisdiction of the bailiffs of Upper Swabia, who resided in Altdorf. Due to the distance to Altdorf, King Maximilian I granted the Salem Abbey the right to establish a legal court in Schemmerberg in 1497. During the German Peasants' War, the Baltringer Haufen looted and destroyed the Schemmerberg Castle on 26 March 1525, after the resident monks had fled to Biberach an der Riss.
The castle was rebuilt in 1532 and demolished in 1837. In 1742, the Salem Abbey received the privilege to inflict high justice. Following the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, Schemmerberg became subject to the princely house of Thurn und Taxis. In 1806, Schemmerberg was annexed by the newly formed Kingdom of Württemberg. On January 1, 1974, Schemmerberg was incorporated into the municipality of Schemmerhofen. Ingerkingen has a population of 1194. Ingerkingen is a village situated along the road connecting the former Free Imperial Cities Biberach and Ehingen; this road was of Roman origin. The existence of a local aristocratic dynasty was first documented when, in 1246, Friedrich von Magenbuch transferred ownership of a demesne to the Imperial Abbey of Salem. In the course of this transaction, the brothers Konrad and Hermann von Ingerichingen renounced their rights to the demesne. Furthermore, several members of the local aristocracy appeared as witnesses in documents: in 1263 and 1286 a certain Konrad von Ingerichingen and in 1298 a certain Dietherus von Ingiringen.
In 1314 Reinhard von Ingerichingen donated farms in the hamlet of Edenbachen to the Imperial Ochsenhausen Abbey. Although Ingerkingen was under the jurisdiction of the Austrian house of Habsburg, the Imperial Knight of Stadion were enfeoffed with this right; when a royal decree on 10 December 1494 extended this jurisdiction to all inhabitants of Ingerkingen, a long-lasting conflict with the monastery of Buchau and the Imperial City of Biberach ensued, both of which feared this would infringe the rights they held in Ingerkingen. This was only resolved when Hans-Walter von Stadion sold the rights of low and high justice together with six farms of varying size to Biberach on 5 April 1526; the Imperial City of Biberach was to be the owner of Ingerkingen until 1801, when, as a result of the Treaty of Lunéville, the village fell to the Margrave of Baden, Charles Frederick, only to be annexed by the newly formed Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806. On 1 January 1975, Ingerkingen was incorporated into the municipality of Schemmerhofen.
Altheim has a population of 686. First mentioned in 851, Alt
Mietingen is a municipality in Baden-Württemberg in the region of Upper Swabia, situated 18 km north of Biberach. The river Rottum runs through Mietingen. Apart from the village of Mietingen itself, the once autonomous villages of Baltringen and Walpertshofen nowadays belong to the municipality of Mietingen; the first charter in which Mietingen is mentioned, dates from 1083 when the village was ruled by a local aristocrat, Luitpold von Moitinga. Its origins, are thought to date further back to the time of the colonization by Alemannic tribes. In 1270, Mietingen came temporarily into the ownership of the bishopric of Konstanz; the majority of the village belonged to the Herren von Freiberg from 1339 onwards, one of whose dynastic line settled in Mietingen. From 1142 until the secularisation in 1803, the village was subject to Heggbach Abbey, after which it was transferred into the ownership of the counts of Plettenberg und Bassenheim who in turn sold it on to the Hungarian counts Esterhazy. Mietingen became part of the Kingdom of Württemberg following the mediatisation of small, independent principalities in 1806.
It was administratively part of the district of Wiblingen until 1845 when the administration was moved to Laupheim, creating the district of Laupheim. After the disbanding of this district in 1938, Mietingen became part of the district of Biberach; the village of Baltringen is situated on the Oberschwäbische Barockstraße, a touristic route along the most notable architectural relics of Baroque-style in Upper Swabia. Official website