Bibliotheca Teubneriana

The Bibliotheca Teubneriana, or Teubner editions of Greek and Latin texts, comprise the most thorough modern collection published of ancient Greco-Roman literature. The series, whose full name is the Bibliotheca Scriptorum Graecorum et Romanorum Teubneriana, consists of critical editions by leading scholars, they now always come with a full critical apparatus on each page, although during the nineteenth century there were editiones minores, published either without critical apparatuses or with abbreviated textual appendices, editiones maiores, published with a full apparatus. Teubneriana is an abbreviation used to denote a single volume of the series the whole collection. Today, the only comparable publishing ventures, producing authoritative scholarly reference editions of numerous ancient authors, are the Oxford Classical Texts and the Collection Budé. In 1811, Benedictus Gotthelf Teubner refounded in his own name a printing operation he had directed since 1806, the Weinedelsche Buchdruckerei, giving rise to the Leipzig publishing house of B.

G. Teubner; the volumes of the Bibliotheca Teubneriana began to appear in 1849. Although today Teubner editions are expensive, they were introduced to fill the need unmet, for low-priced but high-quality editions. Prior to the introduction of the Teubner series, accurate editions of antique authors could only be purchased by libraries and rich private scholars because of their expense. Students and other individuals of modest means had to rely on editions which were affordable but filled with errors. To satisfy the need for accurate and affordable editions Teubner introduced the Bibliotheca Teubneriana. In the 19th century, Teubner offered both affordable editiones maiores for scholars, low-priced editiones minores for students. Editiones minores were dropped from the series and Teubner began to offer only scholarly reference editions of ancient authors. During the period between the end of World War II and German reunification, the publishing house of B. G. Teubner split into two firms, Teubner KG BSB B. G. Teubner Verlagsgesellschaft, in Leipzig in East Germany, Verlag B. G. Teubner / BG Teubner GmbH in Stuttgart in West Germany.

Both offered volumes in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana. After the fall of the Berlin wall and the reunification of Germany, B. G. Teubner was reunited and subsequently consolidated its headquarters at Wiesbaden. In late 1999, B. G. Teubner Verlag announced their intention to concentrate on technical publishing. All their Classical Studies titles, including the Biblotheca Teubneriana, were sold to K. G. Saur, a publisher based in Munich. Although new volumes began to appear with the imprint in aedibus K. G. Saur, the name of the series remained unchanged. In 2006, the publishing firm of Walter de Gruyter acquired K. G. Saur and their entire publishing range, including the Bibliotheca Teubneriana. Since January 2007, the Bibliotheca Teubneriana is being published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG; as of 1 May 2007, the new North American distributor of titles from the Bibliotheca Teubneriana is Walter de Gruyter, Inc. While the typography of the Greek Teubners has been subject to innovations over the years, an overview of the whole series shows a great deal of consistency.

The old-fashioned, cursive font used in most of the existing volumes is recognized by classicists and associated with Teubner. This type was in regular use for verse and prose texts. In older Teubners, several old-fashioned features of the type are still found which would be smoothed away, for example, omega with bent-in ends, medial sigma, not closed, phi with a bent stem. Teubner used an upright type, designed to match the original cursive type, in some editions. In the example shown, the cursive type is still used in the critical apparatus. In other editions, this upright font is used throughout. Beginning in the 1990s, the digital production of books has been marked by new digital fonts, sometimes based on Teubner's older traditions. In the 1990s, individual editions of Euripides' tragedies were digitally typeset in a font based on the original Teubner cursive. There have been recent innovations in upright type. One of these, which may be seen in Bernabé's edition of the Orphica, seems to be the current standard for new Teubners from K.

G. Saur; some Teubner Greek editions made a bold typographic departure from the tradition outlined above. E. J. Kenney considered this twentieth-century experiment to be a refreshing break from the Porsonian norm, emblematic of the best kind of modernist simplicity and directness: More there has been a welcome and long overdue return to the older and purer models; the pleasing modification of M. E. Pinder's "Griechische Antiqua" used by Teubner in some of their editions represents a lost


Acci was an ancient inland city of Hispania Tarraconensis, on the borders of Baetica. Under the Romans, with the Jus Latinum, it was a colony with the full name of Colonia Julia Gemella Accitana, its coins are numerous, bearing the heads of Augustus, Germanicus and Caligula, the ensigns of the legions iii. and vi. from which it was colonized by Julius Caesar or Augustus, from which it derived the name of Gemella. According to Macrobius, Mars was worshipped here with his head surrounded with the sun's rays, under the name of Netos; such an emblem is seen on the coins. The town became Christian at an early date; the bishop is no longer resident in the uninhabited site, but Acci remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. The location is now called Guadix el Viejo or Castillo de Luchena in the municipality of Purullena, Comarca de Guadix, Province of Granada, Spain, is 6 kilometres northwest of the modern city of Guadix; the site in inscribed in the Andalusian Institute's Database of Historical Patrimony for conservation.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Acci". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray

Yuval Bronshtein

Yuval Bronshtein is an Israeli-born professional poker player based in the United States. He was born Yuval Moshe Bronshtein in Ramat-Gan and relocated to Atlanta, Georgia, at age five with his family. In 2007 Bronshtein got his first World Series of Poker cash, earning $109,018 for his 3rd-place finish in event 37 Pot Limit Holdem. En route to the final table Bronshtein made a name for himself by knocking out big name pros Joe Hachem, T. J. Cloutier, actress/poker player Shannon Elizabeth earning himself a nickname "Steamroller" which has not stuck with him since. Bronshtein followed that up by appearing in the inaugural World Series of Poker Europe in September 2007, becoming the youngest player to make the historic final table in the first World Series of Poker Europe event played, the £2,500 HORSE and cashing in 6th place. One year Bronshtein returned to London for 2008 World Series of Poker Europe and cashed in the same HORSE event in 10th place, thus becoming the only player to cash in both WSOPE HORSE events.

In August 2008 Bronshtein put on an unprecedented performance in online poker, setting one of the greatest feats of multi-table poker tournament history. Playing in Full Tilt Online Poker Series under the screen name "Yuvee04" Bronshtein multi-tabled 2 different championship poker tournaments and won both for a combined $172,387; the tournaments were in HORSE and Turbo No Limit Holdem, two different forms of poker. Bronshtein became the first poker player to win 2 championship titles on the same day in 2 different games, he became the first back to back FTOPs winner in history. Bronshtein set the record for most FTOPs won with 3, a record which only he has topped with his 4th FTOPs victory in 2010; each of Bronshtein's 4 FTOPs titles have come in a different form of poker. Bronshtein has numerous cashes in poker tournaments worldwide; as of 2015, Bronshtein's live tournament winnings exceed $1,200,000. He has over $600,000 in online tournament winnings to his name. Lists of sportspeople