Norwegian Institute of Technology
Not to be confused with the National Institute of Technology The Norwegian Institute of Technology, known by its Norwegian abbreviation NTH was a science institute in Trondheim, Norway. It was established in 1910, and existed as an independent technical university for 89 years, in 1996 NTH ceased to exist as an organizational superstructure when the university was restructured and rebranded. The former NTH departments are now basic building blocks of the Norwegian University of Science, NTH was primarily a polytechnic institute, educating master level engineers as well as architects. In 1992 NTH had 7627 master and doctoral students and 1591 employees, it graduated 1262 chartered engineers,52 chartered architects, the operating budget was equivalent to USD100 M, and the total premises amounted to around 260,000 m². Since the merger, it forms a part of the University commonly known as Gløshaugen, after the geographical area in which it is situated. This will at least entail, 1) early years, pre-WWII history, incl Samfundet, 2) NTH during WWII, 3) possibly some info on each decade until 96, incl SINTEF, RUNIT, PVV, etc.
World War II radar and ASDIC pioneer and industry mentor, technology historian Johannes Falnes, World War II resistance agent, defence research director, Minister of Industry Terje Michalsen, electronics engr. Venture capitalist Lars Monrad Krohn, electronics engr, industrialist Ingvild Myhre, electronics engr. telecom industry executive Lars Onsager, chemical engr. 1968 Nobel laureate Venketa Parthasarathy, chemical engr. noted for work on wood pulp and two-stage oxygen delignification Erik Rolfsen and city planner for Oslo Edgar B. Student society co-founder, popular science & technology author Rolf Skaar, cybernetics engr. industrialist, Norwegian Space Centre director Einar Aasen Skogsholm, VP of MECO Øystein Stray Spetalen, petroleum engr. MP for 20 years, former Conservative party parliamentary leader Vebjørn Tandberg, industrialist Theodore Theodorsen, Norwegian-American aerodynamicist Leif Tronstad, O. B. E. Chemist, nuclear chemistry scientist and organiser of World War IIs Operation Gunnerside Tor Olav Trøim, shipping and energy industry executive John Ugelstad, chemical engr.
Inventor of the Rottefella ski binding and Dromedille dinghy, World War II resistance agent Vegard Wollan, sINTEFs development and investment company Sun Microsystems Trondheim, formerly ClustRa Systems Kongsberg Oil & Gas Technologies AS, acquired Systems in Motion AS
Dragvoll is a location in Trondheim, which hosts the campus for the faculties of social sciences and humanities of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Until the 1996 creation of NTNU, it was the social sciences and humanities campus of the Norwegian College of General Sciences, the site was traditionally a farm. The historic name of Dragvoll has varied, variously being written Draghaull, Drauold, the first part is derived from the site being located on a creek, with the latter being a voll. The earliest records of the farm have it registered with the king owning half, the first known farmer was Joon Draguol and his wife, Ingeborg, in 1645. The farm was privatized between 1661 and 1683, kaspar Widthagens odelsrett was registered in 1683. By 1701 it had passed to Wilhelm Sebastian With, who owned but did not run the farm, the farm continued to be owned by non-farmers. She kept it until it was transferred to Reiner Ulfers and it was transferred to M. Spechman in 1839, Engelbright Thun in 1850, Gustav Olsen in 1870, Jacob Høe in 1876 and Arnt Clemmetsen Grendahl in 1881.
At the time of the last transaction most of the crofts had been split off, the ultimate farmhouse was built around 1800 as a trønderlån. It had received a renovation, with a new interior, the barn is traditionally dated to 1848, although this may not be accurate. Its foundation may date as far back as the Middle Ages, the farm was bought by the state for use for the university in 1964. In 1981 a group of youth broke into the barn and lit a bondfire, the fire spread to the building and it burned down. A week the medieval foundations were demolished, in violation with their restriction as being preserved, during the 1960s Norway experienced a period with massive expansion in several areas, including higher education. One of these processes was the establishment of a university in Trondheim, the Ministry of Education and Research contacted the County Governor of Sør-Trøndelag to find a suitable site for a campus. The main concern at the time was to room for future freedom of expansion. It allowed the land to be used for agriculture until it was needed for future expansions.
The plans and approval of a university were passed by the Parliament of Norway in 1968, hvorfor ble Dragvoll valgt til universitetsområde. Storgård – vanlig gårdsdrift – universitet
A screenshot is an image of what is visible on a visual output device such as a computer monitor or television. The first screenshots were created with the first interactive computers around 1960, through the 1980s, computer operating systems did not universally have built-in functionality for capturing screenshots. Sometimes text-only screens could be dumped to a file, but the result would only capture the content of the screen, not the appearance. Some systems had a BSAVE command that could be used to capture the area of memory where data was stored. Systems with composite video output could be connected to a VCR, modern operating systems provide functions for creating screenshots. For example, on Windows devices, pressing PrtScr puts a screenshot of the desktop in the clipboard. In OS X, the command ⌘ Cmd+⇧ Shift+3 serves the same purpose, screenshot kits were available for standard cameras that included a long antireflective hood to attach between the screen and camera lens, as well as a closeup lens for the camera.
Polaroid film was popular for capturing screenshots, because of the instant results, in 1988, Polaroid introduced Spectra film with a 9.2 x 7.3 image size more suited to the 4x3 aspect ratio of CRT screens. These rooms were unlit to avoid glare, and the photographs had to be shot at slow speeds of 1/25th of a second or less. But this meant that scenes with fast-moving elements couldnt be captured unless the software had a pause function. Software creators have on occasion claimed copyright on screenshots of their software, as a work of the widgets. Nonetheless, screenshots may still be used to a certain extent under the principle of fair use in the U. S. or fair dealing. Comparison of screencasting software Screencast Thumbshot Video capture
St. Olav's University Hospital
St. Olav’s University Hospital is the hospital in Trondheim, Norway located at Øya. It is part of St. Olavs Hospital Trust that operates all the hospitals in Sør-Trøndelag and it cooperates closely with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in research and in education of medical doctors. The university is named for Olaf II of Norway, known as St. Olav and it performed 274,441 somatic and 88,692 psychiatric consultations in 2005 with 8,691 employees and a budget of Norwegian krone 5.1 billion. Trondheim Heliport, St. Olavs Hospital is a helipad located adjacent to the emergency ward and it opened on 1 February 2010 and has a fuel tank. The hospital was created in 1902 when the New Trondheim Hospital was built at Øya, Sør-Trøndelag county municipality increased its ownership from one third to half in 1948 and in 1950 it changed its name to Trondheim Central Hospital. In 1959 the first part of the section with six stories is built. In 1964 the county took over the responsibility for the hospital, the clinical education starts in 1975 in cooperation with the University of Bergen, with 43 doctors graduating in 1980.
Through the late 1990s and early 2000s a major debate about the location was initiated, the background was the need for en entirely new hospital, and on May 28,2002 Storting decided to build an entirely new hospital at Øya. The same year the Government, through Central Norway Regional Health Authority had taken over the responsibility for the hospital, the first new buildings were opened in 2005
The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land, until 1814, the kingdom included the Faroe Islands and Iceland. It included Isle of Man until 1266, Shetland and Orkney until 1468, Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres and a population of 5,258,317. The country shares a long border with Sweden. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea. King Harald V of the Dano-German House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway, erna Solberg became Prime Minister in 2013, replacing Jens Stoltenberg. A constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the Parliament, the Cabinet and the Supreme Court, as determined by the 1814 Constitution, the kingdom is established as a merger of several petty kingdoms. By the traditional count from the year 872, the kingdom has existed continuously for 1,144 years, Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels and municipalities.
The Sámi people have an amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament. Norway maintains close ties with the European Union and the United States, the country maintains a combination of market economy and a Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system. Norway has extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, lumber, the petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the countrys gross domestic product. On a per-capita basis, Norway is the worlds largest producer of oil, the country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists. On the CIAs GDP per capita list which includes territories and some regions, from 2001 to 2006, and again from 2009 to 2017, Norway had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world. It has the highest inequality-adjusted ranking, Norway ranks first on the World Happiness Report, the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity and the Democracy Index.
Norway has two names, Noreg in Nynorsk and Norge in Bokmål. The name Norway comes from the Old English word Norðrveg mentioned in 880, meaning way or way leading to the north. In contrasting with suðrvegar southern way for Germany, and austrvegr eastern way for the Baltic, the Anglo-Saxon of Britain referred to the kingdom of Norway in 880 as Norðmanna land. This was the area of Harald Fairhair, the first king of Norway, and because of him
Student Society in Trondheim
The Student Society in Trondheim is Norways largest student society. Many famous artists have held concerts here, among others, Sex Pistols, Iggy Pop, N. E. R. D. Phoenix, Public Enemy, White Lies, Crystal Fighters, Tom McRae, Motörhead, Motorpsycho, Dum Dum Boys, In Flames, quite a few famous Norwegian bands have started their careers on one of Samfundets many stages. Some examples are Knutsen & Ludvigsen, deLillos and Postgirobygget, during the summer Samfundet transforms into Trondheim InterRail Centre. TIRC was started in 1992 by members of the Student Society, as the Norwegian Institute of Technology opened, September 15,1910, Trondheim got its first real group of students, and the need for an organized student society soon became apparent. Only one week later, a group of students met and decided to create a student society, in 1929, the building was finished and the activities were moved. Although Circus was abandoned, the old traditions were carried through by architect Eystein Michaelsen, Storsalen still looks much like a circus.
The building still stands, with maintenance on a day-to-day basis. It has been said there were two demands for the original drawings of Samfundet, First of all, it was to have some element of circus. Second, it was to have elements from mazes, Samfundet is split into two parts, the public and private areas. The public areas can be complicated enough, even though they are dominated by a few larger rooms. However, the areas, which are normally only open to the staff, is a true maze. There are over 200 rooms,40 different levels and a chaos of hallways, doors. Nobody has ever managed to get an exact count of how many rooms or doors, attempts to make CAD models of the building have failed, simply because the pieces do not seem to fit together. Most people get lost at least a few times, and the shortest path between two places can easily involve fifteen or twenty turns and rooms. Samfundet is mostly run by its members, more precisely people volunteering for jobs in one of its twenty or so committees, in addition, Samfundet hosts several choirs and other non-technical activities
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
The Norwegian University of Science and Technology is a public research university with campuses in the cities of Trondheim, Gjøvik and Ålesund in Norway. NTNU is the largest of the eight universities in Norway, and, as its name suggests, has the national responsibility for higher education in engineering. Prior to the 1996 merger, NTH, AVH, DMF, and VM together constituted the University of Trondheim, the universitys roots go back to 1760, with the foundation of the Trondheim Society, which in 1767 became the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. In 2010 the society, and NTNU, as the museum now is part of the university. NTNU itself celebrated the 100th anniversary of the foundation of NTH this year, the centennial was celebrated by the publication of several books, among them a history of the university, entitled Turbulens og tankekraft. Historien om NTNU which translates as Turbulence and mindpower, The history of NTNU, the context for the request was that the Norwegian government wanted to cut back on the number of institutions in the sector.
The merger, which went into effect in January,2016, NTNU has several campuses in Trondheim, with Gløshaugen, for engineering and sciences, and Dragvoll, for humanities and social sciences as the main two. Other campuses include Tyholt for marine technology, Øya for medicine, Kalvskinnet for archaeology, Midtbyen for the music conservatory, with the 2016 merger, NTNU added campuses elsewhere in Trondheim as well as in Gjøvik and Ålesund. NTNU has long considered the possibility of bringing the activity of the two largest campuses together at or near NTNUs Gløshaugen campus, in 2013 the Rector initiated a vision project, with the charge to define different perspectives on future development from a 50-year perspective. That same year,2013, the Norwegian Ministry of Education, the reports were presented in 2014, and both recommended bringing Dragvoll and Gløshaugen together, and better integrating them with the city. A unanimous NTNU board endorsed the recommendations in the vision report, NTNU is governed by a board of 11 members.
This is according to the Norwegian Act relating to universities and university colleges, two of the members are elected by and among the students. Academic and administrative staff contribute 6,700 FTE of which 4053 are in education, NTNU has more than 100 laboratories and is at any time running some 2,000 research projects. Students and staff can take advantage of roughly 300 research agreements or exchange programs with 58 institutions worldwide, olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, and is located in Campus Øya in Trondheim. Its main focus areas of research are translational research, medical technology and health surveys, the faculty has about 350 master’s degree students,250 bachelor’s degree students,720 medical students and more than 500 students attending other courses. Funding from the Research Council of Norway totaled 82 million euros, the university is home to four of 21 Norwegian Centers of Excellence. The Centre for the Biology of Memory is one of four Kavli Neuroscience Institutes, in 2012 Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg opened the Norwegian Brain Centre as an outgrowth of NTNUs Kavli Institute one of the largest research laboratories of its kind in the world.
To increase Open Access publishing, NTNU has established a publishing fund, in 2008 NTNUs digital institutional repository was founded
NUTS 1 (satellite)
NUTS-1 is a Norwegian 2U CubeSat created by the NUTS student satellite project at NTNU. The satellite is currently under development by students from several engineering and it is one of three CubeSats part of the Norwegian student space program ANSAT, the other two are the CubeStar and the HiNCube. From NTNUs CubeSat projects NUTS-1 is a succssor of the nCube-1, the satellite will use a main groundstation located at NTNU. The satellite is based on the standardized CubeSat dimensions made to fit into a specialized deployer, 2U or double means the satellite will be 2 standard cuboid units long. Outside dimensions are locked to the interface, but internal dimensions are created on a platform uniquely developed for the satellite. Electronics will be based on a backplane design, in contrast to common stacked Printed Circuit Board designs. The subsystems of NUTS-1 is in designed and built by the students in the projects, commercially based single electronic components are used throughout the system.
The satellite is structured into the subsystems below, NUTS-1 is built with lightweight fiber reinforced plastic, to make frame and supporting structures as lightweight as possible. CubeSats are commonly built around an aluminum alloy, using polymers in space is challenging in relation to the effects of space on the material. The OBC system will use an Atmel AVR32 UC3 with access to flash and RAM. The NUTS antenna system will consist of a VHF and a UHF circular polarized turnstile antenna, communication will be done on standard ham radio bands. NUTS-1 will use high efficiency solar cells covering 5 of 6 sides of the satellite, NUTS-1 attitude determination and control system will consist of magnetorquers, wound copper coil around each axis that will act relative to the magnetic field of the earth. Gyros and magnetometers will be used in combination with the panels to calculate the orientation. The satellite is planned to carry an IR-camera to capture images of atmospheric gravity waves. A wireless bus is implemented as a secondary payload for testing purposes.
The satellite is planned to be launched in a P-POD or a similar deployer as an auxiliary payload and it will be launched using available commercial launch vehicles into low-earth orbit. The CubeSat has a launch in 2016. List of CubeSats NUTS - Official website NUTS - NTNU presentation page NUTS - Department of Electronics and telecommunication
University of Bergen
The University of Bergen is a public university located in Bergen, Norway. Although founded as late as 1946, academic activity had taken place at Bergen Museum as far back as 1825, the university today serves approximately 17,000 students, and is one of eight universities in Norway. The University of Bergen, in common with other Norwegian universities, does not charge tuition fees, students are however required to be members of the student welfare organisation. As of Fall 2015, this fee is NOK590 per semester, 40kr of the fee is a donation to the SAIH, a student charity, but this is optional. However most of the give the donation. In 2010 the university was ranked as number 135 worldwide by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, UiB was ranked number 148 worldwide in the July 2010 Webometrics Ranking of World Universities. The URAP has ranked UiB for 2014/2015 as the 219th worldwide, the University of Bergen has an elected rector, currently Dag Rune Olsen. The university has six faculties, the University of Bergen Library, the Faculty of Law was established as a separate faculty in 1980, with legal studies and research having been conducted at the university since 1969.
The faculty is one of three Norwegian institutions which offer legal studies, the two being the law faculties at the University of Oslo and the University of Tromsø. The faculty offers a programme leading to a Masters degree in law and a three-year PhD programme. Established in 1980, it educates psychologists and is responsible for the Universitys pedagogic education, mukhisa Kituyi Karl Ove Knausgård Erna Solberg Tore Renberg The University has an Arboretum and Botanical Garden. Official site All academic units List over research groups Humanities IT centre Wittgenstein Archives of Bergen - Ludwig Wittgenstein Utrecht Network
Revolve NTNU is Norwegian University of Science and Technologys Formula Student team and was established in 2010. The team consists of around 40 students from different engineering disciplines at the university, Kongsberg Automotive ASA is the projects main sponsor. Revolve NTNU have a partnership with Petter Solberg and Petter Solberg Engineering. Formula Student is Europes most established educational motorsport competition, run by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the competition aims to inspire and develop enterprising and innovative young engineers. Revolve NTNU will as the first Norwegian team in history be participating at the Formula Student competition held at the British Formula racing track Silverstone in July 2012, revolve NTNU official website Kongsberg Automotive ASA official website University of Patras Formula Student Team - UoP Racing Team
Trondheim, historically Kaupangen and Trondhjem, is a city and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. It has a population of 187,353, and is the third most populous municipality in Norway and it is the third largest city in the country, with a population of 169,972 inhabitants within the city borders. The city functions as the centre of Sør-Trøndelag county. Trondheim lies on the shore of Trondheim Fjord at the mouth of the river Nidelva. The settlement was founded in 997 as a trading post, from 1152 to 1537, the city was the seat of the Catholic Archdiocese of Nidaros, since then, it has remained the seat of the Lutheran Diocese of Nidaros and the Nidaros Cathedral. The current municipality dates from 1964, when Trondheim merged with Byneset, Strinda, for the ecclesiastical history, see Archiepiscopate of Nidaros Trondheim was named Kaupangen by Viking King Olav Tryggvason in 997. Shortly thereafter it came to be called Nidaros, in the beginning it was frequently used as a military retainer of King Olav I.
It was frequently used as the seat of the king, and was the capital of Norway until 1217, people have been living in the region for thousands of years as evidenced by the rock carvings in central Norway, the Nøstvet and Lihult cultures and the Corded Ware culture. In ancient times, the Kings of Norway were hailed at Øretinget in Trondheim, Harald Fairhair was hailed as the king here, as was his son, Haakon I, called the Good. The battle of Kalvskinnet took place in Trondheim in 1179, King Sverre Sigurdsson, some scholars believe that the famous Lewis chessmen, 12th-century chess pieces carved from walrus ivory found in the Hebrides and now at the British Museum, may have been made in Trondheim. Trondheim was the seat of the Archdiocese of Nidaros for Norway from 1152, due to the introduction of Lutheran Protestantism in 1537, the last Archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson, had to flee from the city to the Netherlands, where he died in present-day Lier, Belgium. The city has experienced major fires.
Since much of the city was made of wooden buildings, many of the fires caused severe damage. Great fires ravaged the city in 1598,1651,1681,1708, twice in 1717,1742,1788,1841 and 1842, the 1651 fire destroyed 90% of all buildings within the city limits. The fire in 1681 led to an almost total reconstruction of the city, overseen by General Johan Caspar von Cicignon, broad avenues like Munkegaten were created, with no regard for property rights, in order to stop the next fire. At the time, the city had a population of roughly 8000 inhabitants, after the Treaty of Roskilde on 26 February 1658, Trondheim and the rest of Trøndelag, became Swedish territory for a brief period, but the area was reconquered 10 months later. The conflict was settled by the Treaty of Copenhagen on 27 May 1660. During World War II, Trondheim was occupied by Nazi Germany from 9 April 1940, the home of the most notorious Norwegian Gestapo agent, Henry Rinnan, was in Trondheim