Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band, formed in London in 1967. They have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling bands. In 1998, select members of Fleetwood Mac were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. Fleetwood Mac was founded by guitarist Peter Green, drummer Mick Fleetwood and guitarist Jeremy Spencer. Bassist John McVie completed the lineup for their self-titled debut album. Danny Kirwan joined as a third guitarist in 1968. Keyboardist Christine Perfect, who contributed as a session musician from the second album, married McVie and joined in 1970. At this time it was a British blues band, scoring a UK number one with "Albatross", had lesser hits with the singles "Oh Well" and "Black Magic Woman". All three guitarists left in succession during the early 1970s, to be replaced by guitarists Bob Welch and Bob Weston and vocalist Dave Walker. By 1974, all three had either departed or been dismissed, leaving the band without a male lead vocalist or guitarist.
In late 1974, while Fleetwood was scouting studios in Los Angeles, he was introduced to folk-rock duo Lindsey Buckingham and Stevie Nicks. Fleetwood Mac soon asked Buckingham to be their new lead guitarist, Buckingham agreed on condition that Nicks would join the band; the addition of Buckingham and Nicks gave the band a more pop rock sound, their 1975 self-titled album, Fleetwood Mac, reached No. 1 in the U. S. Rumours, Fleetwood Mac's second album after the arrival of Buckingham and Nicks, produced four U. S. Top 10 remained at number one on the American albums chart for 31 weeks, it reached the top spot in various countries around the world and won a Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 1978. Rumours has sold over 40 million copies worldwide, making it the eighth-highest-selling album in history; the band went through personal turmoil while recording the album, as both the romantic partnerships in the band separated while continuing to make music together. The band's personnel remained stable through three more studio albums, but by the late 1980s began to disintegrate.
After Buckingham and Nicks each left the band, a 1993 one-off performance for the first inauguration of Bill Clinton featured the lineup of Fleetwood, John McVie, Christine McVie and Buckingham back together for the first time in six years. A full reunion occurred four years and the group released their fourth U. S. No. 1 album, The Dance, a live compilation of their work. Christine McVie continued to work with the band in a session capacity. Meanwhile, the group remained together as a four-piece, releasing their most recent studio album, Say You Will, in 2003. Christine McVie rejoined the band full-time in 2014. In 2018, Buckingham was fired from the band and was replaced by Mike Campbell of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Neil Finn of Split Enz and Crowded House. Fleetwood Mac were formed in July 1967 in London, when Peter Green left the British blues band John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers. Peter Green had replaced guitarist Eric Clapton in the Bluesbreakers and had received critical acclaim for his work on their album A Hard Road.
Green had been in two bands with Mick Fleetwood, Peter B's Looners and the subsequent Shotgun Express, suggested Fleetwood as a replacement for drummer Aynsley Dunbar when Dunbar left the Bluesbreakers to join the new Jeff Beck/Rod Stewart band. John Mayall agreed and Fleetwood joined the Bluesbreakers; the Bluesbreakers now consisted of Green, John McVie and Mayall. Mayall gave Green free recording time as a gift, in which Fleetwood, McVie and Green recorded five songs; the fifth song was an instrumental that Green named after the rhythm section, "Fleetwood Mac". Soon after this, Green suggested to Fleetwood; the pair wanted McVie on bass guitar and named the band'Fleetwood Mac' to entice him, but McVie opted to keep his steady income with Mayall rather than take a risk with a new band. In the meantime Peter Green and Mick Fleetwood had teamed up with slide guitarist Jeremy Spencer and bassist Bob Brunning. Brunning was in the band on the understanding; the Green, Spencer, Brunning version of the band made its debut on 13 August 1967 at the Windsor Jazz and Blues Festival as'Peter Green's Fleetwood Mac' featuring Jeremy Spencer.
Brunning played only a few gigs with Fleetwood Mac. Within weeks of this show, John McVie agreed to join the band as permanent bassist. Fleetwood Mac's self-titled debut album was a no-frills blues album and was released by the Blue Horizon label in February 1968. There were no other players on the album; the album reached no. 4, although it did not have any singles on it. The band soon released two singles: "Black Magic Woman" and "Need Your Love So Bad"; the band's second studio album, Mr. Wonderful, was released in August 1968. Like their first album, it was all blues; the album was recorded live in the studio with miked amplifiers and a PA system, rather than being plugged into the board. They added horns and featured a friend of the band on keyboards, Christine Perfect of Chicken Shack. Shortly after the release of their second album Fleetwood Mac added 18-year-old guitarist Danny Kirwan to their line-up, he was recruited from the South London blues trio Boilerhouse, which consisted of Kirwan on guitar, Trevor Stevens on bass and Dave Terrey on drums.
Green and Fleetwood had wat
Anika Rose Moa is a New Zealand recording artist and television presenter. After signing to Atlantic Records in the United States she released her debut album Thinking Room in 2001, aged 21; the album yielded four hit singles. Moa's music won the attention of record company executives after they heard a song she had sung at the'Smokefree Rockquest' while still a teenager. Moa has been the subject of two documentaries by filmmaker Justin Pemberton: 3 Chords and the Truth: the Anika Moa Story, recounting the story of her signing to Atlantic and the release of her first album, In Bed With Anika Moa. Moa grew up in Christchurch where she attended Hornby High School, her father Tia is Māori and her mother Bernadette is of English descent. Moa signed a record deal with Warner Music in New Zealand and Atlantic Records in New York, where she recorded her first album Thinking Room. Moa grew homesick during her time in the United States, became uncomfortable with the imagery used to promote her. In 2002 she returned to base herself in New Zealand.
She released her second album Stolen Hill on 1 August 2005, describing the album as "more sparse" and true to herself, compared to her first. The album was certified gold, she toured New Zealand in October of that year. In 2005 Moa was one of many New Zealand musicians who contributed to single "Anchor Me", which commemorated the twentieth anniversary of the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior. In October 2007 Moa released her third studio album, In Swings The Tide, which went platinum and won a number of rave reviews. For the first time she was credited with producing the album alone. In 2009 The New Zealand Herald named Moa as one of the "Top 10 Kiwi music successes of the past 10 years". Moa came out as lesbian in 2007, entered into a civil union with Australian burlesque dancer Azaria Universe in February 2010. Fyfe became pregnant with twins in 2011. Fyfe was a major inspiration for Moa's fourth album, Love in Motion, which peaked at number four on the New Zealand Albums Chart after its release in March 2010.
To support the album, Moa embarked on a nationwide tour from 21 October 2010 to 4 December. Moa has collaborated with many New Zealand artists including Bic Runga, she has performed with band Dimmer, in a backup and touring capacity. She has DJed under the name DJ Unika. In February 2013 Moa released Peace of Mind with Hollie Smith. Around that time she and Azaria Universe separated, have joint custody of their twins. In November 2013 she released. In September 2016 Moa debuted her interview talk show All Talk with Anika Moa, broadcast for the Maori Television, developed with support from NZ on Air; the show is filmed in front of a small studio audience, has featured appearances from a number of New Zealand celebrities including actor Temuera Morrison and musician Stan Walker. There were two series developed, each consisting of 10 episodes, as well as a special episode highlighting moments from the series; the final episode of series two aired in July 2017. In March 2018, Moa debuted a new interview show, Anika Moa Unleashed, available online through TVNZ OnDemand.
The show features Moa visiting the homes of notable New Zealand celebrities, public figures, personalities. She has signed to develop twelve episodes. In April 2018, Moa had a stint as a television presenter for the current affairs programme Seven Sharp, filling in for Jeremy Wells, she co-hosted alongside Hilary Barry for several episodes. Her final broadcast was on the 20th of April. In December 2012, Moa starred in an online video campaign supporting gay marriage, alongside New Zealand singers Hollie Smith and Boh Runga, as well as Olympian Danyon Loader and former Governor-General Dame Catherine Tizard, she was a strong critic of New Zealand's National-led government until it left office in 2017. APRA AwardsNew Zealand Music Awards Thinking Room Stolen Hill In Swings The Tide Love In Motion Peace of Mind Songs for Bubbas Anika Moa on Myspace
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900, it is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world; the Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions. The Auckland urban area ranges to Waiwera in the north, Kumeu in the north-west, Runciman in the south. Auckland lies between the Hauraki Gulf of the Pacific Ocean to the east, the low Hunua Ranges to the south-east, the Manukau Harbour to the south-west, the Waitakere Ranges and smaller ranges to the west and north-west; the surrounding hills are covered in rainforest and the landscape is dotted with dozens of dormant volcanic cones.
The central part of the urban area occupies a narrow isthmus between the Manukau Harbour on the Tasman Sea and the Waitematā Harbour on the Pacific Ocean. Auckland is one of the few cities in the world to have a harbour on each of two separate major bodies of water; the isthmus on which Auckland resides was first settled around 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land. The Māori population in the area is estimated to have peaked at 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. After a British colony was established in 1840, William Hobson Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose the area as his new capital, he named the area for Earl of Auckland, British First Lord of the Admiralty. It was replaced as the capital in 1865 by Wellington, but immigration to Auckland stayed strong, it has remained the country's most populous city. Today, Auckland's central business district is the major financial centre of New Zealand. Auckland is classified as a Beta + World City because of its importance in commerce, the arts, education.
The University of Auckland, established in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand. Landmarks such as the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki, the Harbour Bridge, the Sky Tower, many museums, parks and theatres are among the city's significant tourist attractions. Auckland Airport handles around one million international passengers a month. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, Auckland is ranked third on the 2016 Mercer Quality of Living Survey, making it one of the most liveable cities; the isthmus was settled by Māori circa 1350, was valued for its rich and fertile land. Many pā were created on the volcanic peaks; the Māori population in the area is estimated to have been about 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. The introduction of firearms at the end of the eighteenth century, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating intertribal warfare beginning in 1807, causing iwi who lacked the new weapons to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids.
As a result, the region had low numbers of Māori when European settlement of New Zealand began. On 27 January 1832, Joseph Brooks Weller, eldest of the Weller brothers of Otago and Sydney, bought land including the site of the modern city of Auckland, the North Shore, part of Rodney District for "one large cask of powder" from "Cohi Rangatira". After the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in February 1840, the new Governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, chose the area as his new capital and named it for George Eden, Earl of Auckland Viceroy of India; the land that Auckland was established on was given to the Governor by a local iwi, Ngāti Whātua, as a sign of goodwill and in the hope that the building of a city would attract commercial and political opportunities for iwi. Auckland was declared New Zealand's capital in 1841, the transfer of the administration from Russell in the Bay of Islands was completed in 1842; however in 1840 Port Nicholson was seen as a better choice for an administrative capital because of its proximity to the South Island, Wellington became the capital in 1865.
After losing its status as capital, Auckland remained the principal city of the Auckland Province until the provincial system was abolished in 1876. In response to the ongoing rebellion by Hone Heke in the mid-1840s, the government encouraged retired but fit British soldiers and their families to migrate to Auckland to form a defence line around the port settlement as garrison soldiers. By the time the first Fencibles arrived in 1848, the rebels in the north had been defeated. Outlying defensive towns were constructed to the south, stretching in a line from the port village of Onehunga in the west to Howick in the east; each of the four settlements had about 800 settlers. In the early 1860s, Auckland became a base against the Māori King Movement, the 12,000 Imperial soldiers stationed there led to a strong boost to local commerce. This, continued road building towards the south into the Waikato, enabled Pākehā influence to spread from Auckland; the city's population grew rapidly, from 1,500 in 1841 to 3,635 in 1845 to 12,423 by 1864.
The growth occurred to other mercantile-dominated cities around the port and with problems of overcrowding and pollution. Auckland's population of ex-soldiers was far greater than that of other settlements: about 50 percent of the popula
The Malaysian Chinese consist of people of Chinese—particularly Han Chinese—ancestry who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia. The great majority of this group of people are descendants of those who arrived between the early 19th century and the mid-20th century, they are traditionally dominant in the business sector of the Malaysian economy. Malaysian Chinese form the second largest community of Overseas Chinese in the world, after Thailand. Within Malaysia, they represent the second largest ethnic group after the ethnic Malay majority, they are simply referred to as "Chinese" in Malaysia, Orang Cina in Malay, Sinar in Tamil, Huaren or Huaqiao by Chinese themselves. Most of the Chinese in Malaysia are of Min, Yue and Teochew speaking ancestry, different towns and cities in Malaysia may be dominated by different Chinese dialects among Chinese speakers, for example Cantonese in Kuala Lumpur and Hokkien in Penang. Culturally, most Malaysian Chinese have maintained their Chinese heritage, including their various dialects, although the descendants of the earliest Chinese migrants who arrived from the 15th to 17th centuries have assimilated aspects of the Malay culture, they form a distinct subethnic group known as the Peranakan, or Baba-Nyonya.
The Chinese population in Malaysia has been declining percentage-wise since Malayan independence, from 37.6% in 1957 to 24.6% in 2010 and 21.4% in 2015. This is due to a lower birthrate as well as a high level of emigration in recent decades. According to a report by the World Bank, the Malaysian diaspora around the world in 2010 numbered at around a million, with most of them ethnic Chinese, the main reasons for emigrating are better economic and career prospects abroad as well as a sense of social injustice within Malaysia; the large number of emigrants, many of whom are young and educated, resulted in a significant problem of "brain drain" in Malaysia. The first wave of Han Chinese settlers came during the Malacca Empire in the early 15th century; the friendly diplomatic relations between China and Malacca culminated during the reign of Sultan Mansur Syah, who married the Chinese princess Hang Li Po. A senior minister of state and five hundred youths and maids of noble birth accompanied the princess to Malacca.
Admiral Zheng He had brought along 100 bachelors to Malacca. The descendants of this wave, many of whom are of Hokkien ancestry, adapted to the customs of local Malays while retaining parts of their ancestral culture, they are called Baba for their menfolk and Nyonya for the females. They speak a creole termed Baba Malay, a colloquial form of Malay mixed with Hokkien words. Chinese immigrants from the controlled ports of Fujian and Guangdong provinces, were attracted by the prospect of work in the tin mines and rubber plantations as well as the possibility of opening up new farmlands at the beginning of the 19th century until the 1930s in British Malaya. Chinese immigration to British Malaya and Straits Settlements was encouraged by the British and the Malay sultans to work in the mines and plantations; this group was responsible for establishing the many Chinese-medium schools in Malaya and are Chinese-educated. Some such as Koh Lay Huan escaped from China due to rebellious activities against the Qing dynasty.
Some Nationalist refugees fled to Singapore, North Borneo and Malaya after the Nationalists Kuomintang lost the civil war to avoid persecution or execution by the Communist party of China. This period of immigration however ceased by the 1940s, by 1947, most of the Chinese in peninsular Malaya were born locally. A much smaller wave came after the 1990s and they were Mandarin speaking Chinese from northern China; these were foreign spouses married to Malaysian Chinese. Some national sports coaches such as badminton coach Han Jiang could only obtain permanent residency after repeated rejections of their citizenship applications. However, diving coach Huang Qiang managed to obtain his Malaysian citizenship. China is the largest participant in Malaysia's foreign residency scheme called'Malaysia My Second Home'. According to department of statistics Malaysia July 2003, the composition of each dialect are as follows; the largest dialect group are the Min Nan people with a total of about 2.748 million.
The Min Nan dialect group consists of the following subgroups. The Hoklo people from Quanzhou and Zhangzhou is the largest Chinese language group in Malaysia; the first wave of Hoklo chinese settled in Malacca where they are concentrated, with some in Penang. These early settlers are called Peranakan; the second wave of Hoklo Chinese settled in Malaya from the 19th century onwards and dominated the rubber plantation and financial sectors of the Malayan economy and formed the largest language group in many states. The Zhangzhou Hokkien migrated to the northern part of the peninsula including Penang, Perak, Kedah and Terengganu whereas the Quanzhou Hokkien migrated to the southern part of the peninsula, including Selangor and Johor; the Quanzhou Hokkien migrated to larger towns in Sarawak such as Kuching and Sibu. Teochew immigrants from the Chaoshan region of Guangdong in China began to settle in Malaya in large numbers from the 18th century onwards in Province Wellesley part of Penang state as well as in a part of Kedah state found in the Kuala Muda district.
These immigrants were chiefly responsible for setting up pepper plantations in Malaya. More Teochew immigrated to Johor at the encouragement of Temenggong Ibrahim in the 19th century, many new towns were esta
Yoko Ono is a Japanese-American multimedia artist, singer and peace activist. Her work encompasses performance art, which she performs in both English and Japanese and filmmaking. Singer-songwriter John Lennon of the Beatles was her third husband. Ono grew up in Tokyo and spent several years in New York City, she studied at Gakushuin University, but withdrew from her course after two years and moved to New York in 1953 to live with her family. She spent some time at Sarah Lawrence College and became involved in New York City's downtown artists scene, which included the Fluxus group, she first met Lennon in 1966 at her own art exhibition in London, they became a couple in 1968 and wed the following year. With their performance Bed-Ins for Peace in Amsterdam and Montreal in 1969, Ono and Lennon famously used their honeymoon at the Hilton Amsterdam as a stage for public protests against the Vietnam War; the feminist themes of her music have influenced musicians as diverse as the B-52s and Meredith Monk.
She achieved commercial and critical acclaim in 1980 with the chart-topping album Double Fantasy, a collaboration with Lennon, released three weeks before his murder. Public appreciation of Ono's work has shifted over time and was helped by a retrospective at a Whitney Museum branch in 1989 and the 1992 release of the six-disc box set Onobox. Retrospectives of her artwork have been presented at the Japan Society in New York City in 2001, in Bielefeld and the UK in 2008, Bilbao, Spain, in 2013 and The Museum of Modern Art in New York City in 2015, she received a Golden Lion Award for lifetime achievement from the Venice Biennale in 2009 and the 2012 Oskar Kokoschka Prize, Austria's highest award for applied contemporary art. As Lennon's widow, Ono works to preserve his legacy, she funded Strawberry Fields in Manhattan's Central Park, the Imagine Peace Tower in Iceland, the John Lennon Museum in Saitama, Japan. She has made significant philanthropic contributions to the arts, peace and Japan disaster relief, other causes.
In 2012, Ono received the Dr. Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award; the award is given annually in recognition of nonviolent commitment to human rights. Ono continued her social activism when she inaugurated a biennial $50,000 LennonOno Grant for Peace in 2002, she co-founded the group Artists Against Fracking in 2012. She has a daughter, Kyoko Chan Cox, from her marriage to Anthony Cox and a son, Sean Taro Ono Lennon, from her marriage to Lennon, she collaborates musically with Sean. Ono was born on February 18, 1933, in Tokyo, Japan, to Isoko Ono and Eisuke Ono, a wealthy banker and former classical pianist. Isoko's maternal grandfather Zenjiro Yasuda was an affiliate of the Yasuda clan and zaibatsu. Eisuke came from a long line of samurai warrior-scholars; the kanji translation of Yōko means "ocean child". Two weeks before Ono's birth, Eisuke was transferred to San Francisco by his employer, the Yokohama Specie Bank; the rest of the family followed soon with Ono meeting her father when she was two.
Her younger brother Keisuke was born in December 1936. Ono was enrolled in piano lessons from the age of 4. In 1937, the family was transferred back to Japan and Ono enrolled at Tokyo's elite Gakushuin, one of the most exclusive schools in Japan; the family moved to New York City in 1940. The next year, Eisuke was transferred from New York City to Hanoi, the family returned to Japan. Ono was enrolled in an exclusive Christian primary school run by the Mitsui family, she remained in Tokyo throughout World War II and the great fire-bombing of March 9, 1945, during which she was sheltered with other family members in a special bunker in Tokyo's Azabu district, away from the heavy bombing. Ono went to the Karuizawa mountain resort with members of her family. Starvation was rampant in the destruction. Ono said it was during this period in her life that she developed her "aggressive" attitude and understanding of "outsider" status. Other stories tell of her mother bringing a large number of goods with them to the countryside, where they were bartered for food.
In one anecdote, her mother traded a German-made sewing machine for 60 kilograms of rice to feed the family. During this time, Ono's father, in Hanoi, was believed to be in a prisoner of war camp in China. However, unbeknownst to them, he remained in the city. Ono told Amy Goodman of Democracy Now on October 16, 2007, that "He was in French Indochina, Vietnam actually.... in Saigon. He was in a concentration camp."By April 1946, Gakushuin was reopened and Ono re-enrolled. The school, located near the Tokyo Imperial Palace, had not been damaged by the war, Ono found herself a classmate of Prince Akihito, the future emperor of Japan, she graduated in 1951 and was accepted into the philosophy program of Gakushuin University as the first woman to enter the department. However, she left the school after two semesters. After the war ended in 1945, Ono remained in Japan when her family moved to the United States and settled in Scarsdale, New York, an affluent town 25 miles north of midtown Manhattan.
When Ono rejoined her family, she enrolled at nearby Sarah Lawrence College. Ono's parents approved of her college choice but she said that they disapproved of her lifestyle and chastised her for befriending people that they felt were beneath her. In spite of her parents' disapproval, Ono loved meeting artists
Cashmere High School
Cashmere High School is a state coeducational secondary school, located in southern Christchurch, New Zealand. It was opened in 1956 in response to population growth in southern Christchurch during the 1950s; the school is located in the suburb of Cashmere, New Zealand, on the northern bank of the Heathcote River overlooked by the Cashmere Hills. Serving Years 9 to 13, Cashmere has a roll of 2088 students as of August 2018, making it the third-largest school in Christchurch; the school opened at the beginning of the 1956 school year with 198 students under founding headmaster Terry McCombs, a former Member of the New Zealand House of Representatives who had served as Minister of Education from 1947 to 1949. McCombs served seventeen years as headmaster before retiring at the end of the 1972 school year. In the late 1980s, state school administration across New Zealand was reformed by the Fourth Labour Government in what was known as the "Tomorrow's Schools" reforms. From 1989, Cashmere was no longer under the governance of the Canterbury Education Board, abolished, but under the self-governance of a Board of Trustees elected by the school community.
The current principal, Mark Wilson, replaced Dave Turnbull in July 2009. Cashmere suffered moderate damage in 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake from liquefaction. On the day, the school had closed for instruction for the day at 12:00 pm due to the Post Primary Teachers' Association, the main secondary school teachers' trade union, holding a paid union meeting that afternoon, meaning few students and staff were on site when the quake struck at 12:51 pm; the school reopened on 14 March after the school buildings were inspected and deemed safe, essential repairs and temporary fixes had been carried out. In the aftermath of the earthquake, the school played host to Linwood College in a site sharing agreement while Linwood's damaged facilities were inspected and repaired. Cashmere used the site in the morning, while Linwood used the site in the afternoon for five months, until Linwood College moved back to its original site on 1 August. Cashmere operates an enrolment scheme to prevent overcrowding.
The school's home zone, in which students residing are automatically entitled to be enrolled without rejection, covers the southern suburbs of Christchurch as well as the settlements around the western and southern shores of Lyttelton Harbour. Suburbs and towns within the zone include Beckenham, Huntsbury, Murray Aynsley, Saint Martins, Spreydon and Westmorland. Students residing outside the zone are accepted as roll places allow per the enrolment scheme order of preference and secret ballot. At the October 2013 Education Review Office review, Cashmere had 1666 students enrolled, including 46 international students. There was an number of male and female students. Seventy-five percent of students identified as New Zealand European, nine percent as Māori, three percent each as Asian, Pacific Islanders, ten percent as another ethnicity. Cashmere High School operates a regular timetable with five 55-minute teaching periods per day, except on Wednesdays where teaching periods are only 50 minutes each.
In Year 9, Mathematics, Social Studies, Physical Education and Health are compulsory and are studied for the whole year, while students rotate through four Technology subjects: Design Technologies, Graphic Communication and Electronics and Control, Food Technology, studying one of them per school term. Students choose two Arts options out of Visual Art and Music to study for two terms each, a Foreign Language option out of French, Japanese, Te Reo Māori and Spanish. There are no optional subjects. In Year 10, Mathematics, Social Studies, Physical Education and Health remain compulsory subjects. Students elect between two and four optional subjects to fill the two remaining subject lines on their timetable – either two full-year subjects, a full-year and two half-year subjects, or four half-year subjects. In Years 11 to 13, students complete the National Certificate of Educational Achievement, the main secondary school qualification in New Zealand. Levels 1, 2 and 3 of NCEA are completed in years 11, 12 and 13 although students can choose subjects from different levels depending on their progress through the NCEA level system.
Students study six subjects per year, with English being compulsory in Years 11 and 12, Mathematics and Science being compulsory in Year 11. In 2013, 91.4 percent of students leaving Cashmere High held at least NCEA Level 1, 79.6 percent held at least NCEA Level 2, 54.0 percent held at least University Entrance. This compares nationally to 85.2%, 74.2%, 49.0% respectively. The school has a Conductive education unit, which opened in 2002, caters for up to 20 secondary school-aged students. Cashmere has six school houses into which students are grouped, each is named after a notable New Zealander. Ben Campbell – member of the band "Zed" and Atlas Greg Draper – football player Guyon Espiner – TV personality and political editor for TVNZ Stephen Fleming – cricketer Alex Frame – track cyclist Mike Gilchrist – runner that represented NZ at Commonwealth games in 1986 Nathan King – member of the band "Zed" Steve McCabe – songwriter / musician notable for work with The Axemen in Christchurch and solo and collective work elsewhere in New Zealand and across the world.
Adrian Palmer – member of the band "Zed" Bob Parker – Mayor of Christchurch Bic Runga – singer Ethan Rus
APRA Awards (New Zealand)
The APRA Music Awards are several annual and two-yearly award ceremonies run in New Zealand by Australasian Performing Right Association to recognise songwriting skills and airplay performance by its members. APRA hold the annual Silver Scroll Awards and song awards, selects an inductee into the New Zealand Music Hall of Fame, makes three professional development awards every second year. APRA runs awards for its Australian members; each year all songwriters that are members of APRA with a song on general release in the eligibility period can enter the APRA Silver Scroll Award. For the APRA Silver Scroll Award, a judging panel of APRA members decides a shortlist of songs, voted on by APRA's wider membership of 10,000+ songwriters and composers; the votes of the wider APRA membership decide the winner and finalists for the APRA Silver Scroll Award. The APRA Silver Scroll Award is awarded purely on the basis of songwriting. Silver Scroll winners are announced annually. Established in 1998 and supported by the music composition promotional group Sounz, the Sounz Contemporary Award recognises works by New Zealand composers.
The winner received a trophy designed by sculptor Sarah Smuts Kennedy. Established in 2003, the APRA Maioha Award recognises contemporary Maori music; the winner receives a $3000 cash prize and is the annual guardian of award sculpture Te Ngore, crafted by sculptor Brian Flintoff. Established in 2014, the APRA Screen Awards consist of the APRA Best Original Music in a Feature Film Award and the APRA Best Original Music in a Series Award, celebrating the work of New Zealand's film composers; as of 2014, the winner of each award receives a $1500 cash prize and is the annual guardian of a trophy. Between 1994 and 2015, APRA awarded the New Zealand songs most played in New Zealand and around the world each year. While the national award was contested, from 2000 to 2012 the international award was dominated by Crowded House's 1986 song "Don't Dream It's Over". Created in 2007 in conjunction with the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand, the New Zealand Music Hall of Fame pays tribute to those who have "shaped and advanced popular music in New Zealand."
Two musicians or groups are inducted into the hall each year, one at the APRA Silver Scroll Awards, decided by APRA, the other is the winner of the Legacy Award at the New Zealand Music Awards, selected by RIANZ. Separate to the Silver Scroll awards, APRA recognises New Zealand songwriting in four specific genres. Established in 2004, the APRA Best Country Music Song is presented as part of the NZ Country Music Awards at the annual Gold Guitar celebrations of New Zealand country music. Established in 2005, the APRA Best Pacific Song award celebrates Pacific music, it is presented as part of the annual Pacific Music Awards. Established in 2008, the APRA Best Maori Songwriter award celebrates Maori music, it is presented as part of the annual Waiata Maori Music Awards. Established in 2008, the APRA Children's Song of the Year celebrates songwriters and composers who write for New Zealand children. APRA sponsors the What Now Children's Music Video of the Year; the awards were presented at the annual StarFest event, as part of the annual KidsFest festival in Christchurch, but as of 2014 they were presented live on What Now.
The winning song wins a $1000 prize. Established in 2016, the APRA Best Jazz Composition award recognises outstanding composition in jazz; the award is presented annually at the Wellington Jazz Festival. The APRA Professional Development Awards are awarded biennially. Awarded to one recipient, three awards are now given each round, recognising excellence in the fields of classical, pop contemporary, film and video; each recipient is awarded $12,000 cash to advance their careers through travel. In 2001, the APRA Top 100 New Zealand Songs of All Time was compiled by members of APRA to commemorate the organisation's 75th anniversary; the top 30 entries were used to create the Nature's Best compilation CD, with the rest of the list appearing in follow-up compilations. A similar list was made in Australia of the top 30 Australian songs. Official website