Abuelita is a brand of chocolate tablets, syrup, or powdered mix in individual packets, made by Nestlé and used to make Mexican-style hot chocolate known as chocolate para parties. It was invented and commercialized in Mexico since 1939, by Fábrica de Chocolates La Azteca; the name is an affectionate Spanish word for "grandma". Since 1973, Mexican actress Sara García has been the image for the brand before it was acquired by the Swiss company in the 1990s; the chocolate comes in round tablets that can be split into 1/8 or 1/4-disc wedges, melted into milk. The drink can be mixed with spirits such as Kahlúa; the product ingredients: sugar, chocolate processed with alkali, soy lecithin, vegetable oils, artificial cinnamon flavor, PGPR. Abuelita has been a staple Mexican product for more than 60 years, can be identified by its unique taste and packaging. Other "Mexican chocolate" tablet brands are Moctezuma. One suggested method for preparing Abuelita is to bring a saucepan of milk to a boil, add the tablet of chocolate and stir continuously with a whisk or molinillo until melted and frothy or creamy.
The drink is chilled in preparation for mixing with alcoholic drinks. Chocolate Abuelita is prepared for special occasions, such as Las Posadas, El Día de los Muertos, a day in which people remember their family and friends whose spirits have gone to the afterlife. List of chocolate beverages Official website
Banania is a popular chocolate drink found most distributed in France. It is made from cocoa, banana flour, cereals and sugar. There are two types of Banania available in French supermarkets:'traditional' which must be cooked with milk for 10 minutes, and'instant' which can be prepared in similar fashion to Nesquik. During a visit near Lake Managua, Nicaragua in 1909, the journalist Pierre Lardet discovered the recipe for a cocoa-based drink; when he returned to Paris, he started its commercial fabrication and, in 1912, began marketing Banania with the picture of an Antillaise. Her image was replaced in 1915 with the drawing of a smiling Senegalese man. At the outset of World War I, the popularity of the colonial troops at the time led to the replacement of the West Indian by the now more familiar jolly Senegalese infantry man enjoying Banania. Pierre Lardet took it upon himself to distribute the product to the Army, using the line pour nos soldats la nourriture abondante qui se conserve sous le moindre volume possible.
The brand's yellow background underlines the banana ingredient, the Senagalese infantryman's red and blue uniform make up the other two main colours. The slogan Y'a bon derives from the pidgin French used by these soldiers, but the slogan and the character became inseparable as the expression was coined: l'ami y'a bon. The form of the character has since evolved to more of a cartoon character. However, the original advertising has become a cultural icon in France. Posters and reproduction tin-plate signs of the pre-war advertising continue to be sold. In the 1970s and early 1980s, Banania sponsored the Yellow Jersey of the Tour de France. In France the Banania brand is now owned by the newly founded French company Nutrial, which acquired it from Unilever in 2003; this brand of chocolate is recognized by its trademark the bonhomme Banania: a black man wearing a fez. The company started using this illustration since 1915; the advertising slogans and images have been labelled racist and colonialist by some who argue that it reinforces the old cliché of a friendly yet stupid African.
Some French black people connect this stereotype with aggressive colonialist policy in Africa of the global group Unilever, the old unique owner of the brand. The Martiniquan psychiatrist and philosopher Frantz Fanon, in his 1952 book Black Skin, White Masks, mentions the grinning Senegalese tirailleur as an example of how in a burgeoning consumer culture, the Negro appears not only as an object, but as "an object in the midst of other objects". Aunt Jemima Uncle Ben's List of chocolate beverages Drink portal Banania commercial
Marocchino is a coffee drink created in Alessandria, Italy. It consists of a shot of espresso, cocoa powder and milk froth. In some regions of northern Italy, thick hot cocoa is added. In Alba, the home of the Italian chocolate giant Ferrero, Nutella is used; the name Marocchino is derived from its colour, as marocchino was a type of light brown leather used in the 1930s to make hair bands. Preparation methods vary; the glass cup is first dusted with cocoa powder topped with milk froth and espresso, with a second dusting of cocoa on top. Espressino and bicerin, similar drinks List of coffee beverages Coffee: A Comprehensive Guide to the Bean, the Beverage, the Industry Coffee Love: 50 Ways to Drink Your Java - Daniel Young
The 18th century lasted from January 1, 1701 to December 31, 1800 in the Gregorian calendar. During the 18th century, elements of Enlightenment thinking culminated in the American and Haitian revolutions; this was an age of violent slave trading, global human trafficking. The reactions against monarchical and aristocratic power helped fuel the revolutionary responses against it throughout the century. In continental Europe, philosophers dreamed of a brighter age. For some, this dream turned into a reality with the French Revolution of 1789, though compromised by the excesses of the Reign of Terror under Maximilien Robespierre. At first, many monarchies of Europe embraced Enlightenment ideals, but with the French Revolution they feared losing their power and formed broad coalitions for the counter-revolution; the Ottoman Empire experienced an unprecedented period of peace and economic expansion, taking part in no European wars from 1740 to 1768. As a consequence the empire did not share in Europe's military improvements during the Seven Years' War, causing its military to fall behind and suffer defeats against Russia in the second half of the century.
18th century music included the classical period. The 18th century marked the end of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as an independent state; the once-powerful and vast kingdom, which had once conquered Moscow and defeated great Ottoman armies, collapsed under numerous invasions. Its semi-democratic government system was not robust enough to rival the neighboring monarchies of the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire and the Austrian Empire which divided the Commonwealth territories between themselves, changing the landscape of Central European politics for the next hundred years. European colonization of the Americas and other parts of the world intensified and associated mass migrations of people grew in size as the Age of Sail continued. Great Britain became a major power worldwide with the French and Indian War in the 1760s and the conquest of large parts of India. However, Britain lost many of its North American colonies after the American Revolution and Indian wars. Napoleon Bonaparte, formed the Franco-Indian alliance with Indian ruler Tipu Sultan and his father emperor Hyder Ali and learnt more about Quran and Islam from them.
Tipu Sultan embarked on an ambitious economic development program that established Mysore Empire as a major economic power, with some of the world's highest real wages and living standards in the late 18th century. Under his reign, Mysore overtook the wealthy Bengal Subah as India's dominant economic power, with productive agriculture and textile manufacturing. Mysore's average income was five times higher than subsistence level at the time. Along his father, he used their French-trained army in alliance and won important victories against the British Empire in the Second Anglo-Mysore War and negotiated the Treaty of Mangalore in 1784; the defeat of the British resulted in the formation of the newly independent United States. The Industrial Revolution started in Britain in the 1770s with the production of the improved steam engine. Despite its modest beginnings in the 18th century, steam-powered machinery would radically change human society and the environment. Western historians have defined the 18th century otherwise for the purposes of their work.
For example, the "short" 18th century may be defined as 1715–1789, denoting the period of time between the death of Louis XIV of France and the start of the French Revolution, with an emphasis on directly interconnected events. To historians who expand the century to include larger historical movements, the "long" 18th century may run from the Glorious Revolution of 1688 to the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 or later. 1700–1721: Great Northern War between the Russian and Swedish Empires. 1701: Kingdom of Prussia declared under King Frederick I. 1701–1714: The War of the Spanish Succession is fought, involving most of continental Europe. 1702–1715: Camisard Rebellion in France. 1703: Saint Petersburg is founded by Peter the Great. 1703–1711: The Rákóczi Uprising against the Habsburg Monarchy. 1704: End of Japan's Genroku period. 1704: First Javanese War of Succession. 1706–1713: The War of the Spanish Succession: French troops defeated at the battles of Ramillies and Turin. 1707: The Act of Union is passed, merging the Scottish and English Parliaments, thus establishing the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1708: The Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies and English Company Trading to the East Indies merge to form the United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies. 1708–1709: Famine kills one-third of East Prussia's population. 1709: The Great Frost of 1709 marks the coldest winter in 500 years. 1710: The world's first copyright legislation, Britain's Statute of Anne, takes effect. 1710–1711: Ottoman Empire fights Russia in the Russo-Turkish War. 1711–1715: Tuscarora War between British and German settlers and the Tuscarora people of North Carolina. 1715: The first Jacobite rising breaks out. 1716: Establishment of the Sikh Confederacy along the present-day India-Pakistan border. 1718: The city of New Orleans is founded by the French in North America. 1718–1730: Tulip period of the Ottoman Empire. 1719: Second Javanese War of Succession. 1720: The South Sea Bubble. 1720–1721: The Great Plague of Marseille. 1721: The Treaty of Nystad is signed, ending the Great Northern War.
1722–1723: Russo-Persian War. 1722–1725: Controversy over William Wood's halfpence leads to the Drapier's Letters and
Cocio is a chocolate milk drink produced in Esbjerg, Denmark. While not a staple in Danish culture, Cocio is a well-known product to Danes. It's at least moderately popular in the rest of Scandinavia and, to a lesser extent in some US regions, namely New England, it is available in the UK, the Netherlands and Poland. A brand new factory in Esbjerg was first used in 2002; the factory is 8000 square metres, contains Production and Administration. The new factory is much bigger than the old one. Cocio was founded by Anker Pallesen in 1951, he and his wife began researching recipes in their own kitchen. In the beginning, the new factory produced 1000 bottles a day. In 1976, he sold the company to The Borden Food Corporation in United States, but the production continued in Esbjerg. In the mid 1980s Cocio released a new 1 litre bottle, the drink gained popularity in Denmark. In 1988, Cocio had the first commercial in Danish television. In 1989, the Cocio company bought its rival, who had a 25 percent market share at the time.
Following the take-over, Cocio was alone on the Danish market. In 1998, Jamin Potamkin entered the product for a pilot program with the FDA to import the foreign milk on a trial basis; this was the first time that a foreign milk was allowed to enter the United States, allowed to be distributed in all fifty states in a consumable form directly from the containment vessel. Though Arla Foods asked Jamin Potamkin to get other dairy products into the United States and had their head of US operations ask for assistance, it was refused by Jamin Potamkin and the United States Federal Government. No other Danish liquid dairy products are allowed to enter the US territory, except for the maximum allowed under the Federal Import Milk Act, which allows for liquid milk to enter as a percentage in a combined product, i.e. baby formula with 10% or less foreign milk. The current legality of entry of Cocio Chocolate Milk is being reviewed. In the 1999 the E. Bank Lauridsen Holding A/S and IAT Corporation decided to buy Cocio, to bring the Danish spirit to the company again.
In 2002 Arla Foods became joint owner, buying a 50 percent share in the company. As of 1 January 2008, Arla Foods is the sole owner of Cocio A/S. Cocio A/S ceased cooperation with Jamin Potamkin and the United States in 2003. Cocio was once imported into the United States by CKF Foods Inc. but is no longer available to consumers in the USA. The production equipment is able to produce around 58,000 bottles per hour and is capable of packaging milk-based and iced-tea drinks in glass and tins. Famously, Cocio have used Eva Mendes as a front figure in their commercials. Cocio website Cocio USA website
Chocolate milk is sweetened chocolate-flavored milk. It can be made by mixing chocolate syrup with milk, it can be purchased pre-mixed with milk or made at home by blending milk with cocoa powder and a sweetener, melted chocolate, chocolate syrup, or a pre-made powdered chocolate milk mix. Other ingredients, such as starch, carrageenan, vanilla, or artificial flavoring are sometimes added. To add nutritional value to the product, sometimes some minerals like zinc oxide or iron are added; the carrageenan is used at low concentrations to form an imperceptible weak gel that prevents the large, dense particles of chocolate from sedimentation. Chocolate milk should be refrigerated like unflavored milk, with the exception of some ultra high temperature pasteurized drinks, which can be stored at room temperature. Chocolate milk was first created by Hans Sloane in Ireland during the late 1700s, is served cold; the nutritional qualities of chocolate milk are the subject of debate: while some studies criticize the high sugar content of chocolate milk, other studies suggest that chocolate milk is nutritionally superior to white milk.
Some nutritionists have criticized chocolate milk for its high sugar content and its relationship to childhood obesity. In New York City, school food officials report that nearly 60 percent of the 100 million cartons served each year contain fat-free chocolate milk; because chocolate milk can contain twice as much sugar as plain low-fat milk from added sugars, some school districts have stopped serving the product altogether, including some areas in California and Washington, D. C. According to a nationally representative online survey commissioned by the Innovation Center of U. S. Dairy, seven percent of American adults believe. A number of studies have been issued in regards to chocolate milk nutrition. A 2005 study by the New York City Department of Education found that by removing whole milk and replacing it with low-fat or fat-free chocolate milk, students were served an estimated 5,960 fewer calories and 619 fewer grams of fat per year. However, more recent studies show that fat-free and low-fat milk may increase body fat and contribute to obesity.
Whole milk may in fact be healthier for obese children than non-fat milk. In a study conducted in 2006, researchers stated that the benefits of drinking chocolate milk were due to its ratio of carbohydrates to protein, among other nutritional properties. However, this study was small in scale as it was conducted on only nine athletes and was funded by the dairy industry. Furthermore, the study compared chocolate milk to two energy drinks and unflavored milk was not used as a comparison, so it is unknown if chocolate milk is superior to unflavored milk as a recovery drink. An April 2007 study from Loughborough University indicated that chocolate milk can boost recovery when taken after athletic workouts; the study found. A November 2009 study conducted by scientists in Barcelona, Spain suggests that consuming skimmed milk with cocoa rich in flavonoids may reduce inflammation and slow or prevent the development of atherosclerosis. However, the study notes. A study published in 2009 compared chocolate milk to a commercial recovery beverage administered to cyclists after intense workouts.
The researchers found no difference in post-workout plasma creatine kinase levels and muscle soreness, nor in cycling time to exhaustion. However, being that chocolate milk is less expensive than commercial recovery beverages, the researchers concluded that chocolate milk "serves as a more convenient, cheaper...recovery beverage option for many athletes". A May 2010 sports nutrition study concluded that "exercise recovery during short-term periods of heavy soccer training appears to be similar when isocaloric CM and CHO beverages are consumed post-exercise", yet another study in 2011 at Kean University in New Jersey concluded similar results in male soccer players discovering that there was an increase in time to fatigue when chocolate milk was consumed. The Kean University study viewed chocolate milk's effects on female soccer players undergoing morning and afternoon practices during preseason, they were either given the carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage or chocolate milk between morning and afternoon preseason practices.
Following every afternoon practice, each athlete completed. The study concluded that chocolate milk is just as beneficial as the carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage in promoting recovery in women. There are 5 milligrams of caffeine in each mini carton of chocolate milk. Chocolate has oxalic acid, which reacts with the calcium in the milk producing calcium oxalate, thus preventing the calcium from being absorbed in the intestine. However, it is present in small enough amounts; as chocolate contains small amounts of oxalate, it is unclear to what extent chocolate consumption affects healthy people with calcium-rich diets. In a 2008 study, participants who consumed one or more servings of chocolate on a daily basis had lower bone density and strength than those participants who ate a serving of chocolate six times a week or less. Researchers believe this may be due to oxalate inhibiting calcium absorption – but it could be due to sugar content in chocolate, which may increase calcium excretion, it is clear however, that consuming foods high in oxalate – and in turn their effect on calcium absorption – is a more signi
A caffè mocha called mocaccino, is a chocolate-flavored variant of a caffè latte. Other used spellings are mochaccino and mochachino; the name is derived from the city of Mocha, one of the centers of early coffee trade. Like a caffè latte, caffè mocha is based on espresso and hot milk but with added chocolate flavoring and sweetener in the form of cocoa powder and sugar. Many varieties use chocolate syrup instead, some may contain dark or milk chocolate. Caffè mocha, in its most basic formulation, can be referred to as hot chocolate with espresso added. Like cappuccino, caffè mochas contain the distinctive milk froth on top, although, as is common with hot chocolate, they are sometimes served with whipped cream instead, they are topped with a dusting of either cinnamon or cocoa powder, marshmallows may be added on top for flavor and decoration. A variant is white caffè mocha, made with white chocolate instead of dark. There are variants of the drink that mix the two syrups. Another variant is a mochaccino, an espresso shot with either a combination of steamed milk and cocoa powder or chocolate milk.
Both mochaccinos and caffè mocha can have chocolate syrup, whipped cream and added toppings such as cinnamon, nutmeg or chocolate sprinkles. A third variant on the caffè mocha is to use a coffee base instead of espresso; the combination would be coffee, steamed milk, the added chocolate. This is the same as a cup of coffee mixed with hot chocolate; the caffeine content of this variation would be equivalent to the coffee choice included. The caffeine content is 430 mg/L, 152 mg for a 350 mL glass. List of coffee beverages List of hot beverages Mocha, Yemen Coffee portal Drink portal Media related to Caffè mocha at Wikimedia Commons Discussion of how to make a Mocha