Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the capital of Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa. While Johannesburg is not one of South Africas three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court, the city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade. In 2011, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 4,434,827, in the same year, the population of Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area was 7,860,781. Some view the surrounding the city of Johannesburg yet more broadly than the metropolitan area, adding Ekurhuleni, West Rand and Lenasia. The land area of the city is large in comparison with those of other major cities, resulting in a moderate population density of 2. The city was established in 1886 following the discovery of gold on what had been a farm, the city is commonly interpreted as the modern day El Dorado due to the extremely large gold deposit found along the Witwatersrand. The name is attributed to one or all of three men involved in the establishment of the city, in ten years, the population was 100,000 inhabitants. A separate city from the late 1970s until the 1990s, Soweto is now part of Johannesburg, Soweto, although eventually incorporated into Johannesburg, had been separated as a residential area for blacks, who were not permitted to live in Johannesburg proper. Lenasia is predominantly populated by English-speaking South Africans of Indian descent, controversy surrounds the origin of the name. There were quite a number of people with the name Johannes who were involved in the history of the city. Among them are the principal clerk attached to the office of the surveyor-general Johannes Rissik, Christiaan Johannes Joubert, another was Stephanus Johannes Paulus Paul Kruger, president of the South African Republic 1883-1900. Johannes Meyer, the first government official in the area is another possibility, precise records for the choice of name were lost. Rissik and Joubert were members of a delegation sent to England to attain mining rights for the area. Joubert had a park in the city named after him and Rissik Street is today a street where the historically important and dilapidated Post Office, since burnt out. The region surrounding Johannesburg was originally inhabited by San people, the Sotho–Tswana practised farming and extensively mined and smelted metals that were available in the area. The most prominent site within Johannesburg is Melville Koppies, which contains an iron smelting furnace, the main Witwatersrand gold reef was discovered in June 1884 on the farm Vogelstruisfontein by Jan Gerritse Bantjes that triggered the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the start of Johannesburg in 1886. The discovery of gold rapidly attracted people to the area, making necessary a name, Johannes Meyer, the first government official in the area is another possibility
Gauteng, which means place of gold, is one of the nine provinces of South Africa. It was formed part of the old Transvaal Province after South Africas first all-race elections on 27 April 1994. It was initially named Pretoria–Witwatersrand–Vereeniging and was renamed Gauteng in December 1994, situated in the Highveld, Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa, accounting for only 1. 5% of the land area. Nevertheless, it is highly urbanised, containing the countrys largest city, Johannesburg, its capital, Pretoria. As of 2015, it has a population of nearly 13.2 million, the name Gauteng is derived from the Sotho name, gauta meaning gold with the locative suffix -eng. There was a thriving industry in the province following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg. In Sesotho, the name Gauteng was used for Johannesburg and surrounding areas long before it was adopted in 1994 as the name of a province. Gauteng, formerly known as Pretoria–Witwatersrand–Vereeniging, was carved out of the old Transvaal province in 1994, although the terminology PWV, after the discovery of gold in 1886, the region proceeded to become the single largest gold producer in the world and the city of Johannesburg was founded. The older city Pretoria was not subject to the same attention, Pretoria grew at a slower rate and was highly regarded due to its role in the Second Boer War. The Cullinan Diamond which is the largest diamond ever mined was mined near Pretoria in a town called Cullinan in the year 1905. Gauteng has only been documented since the 1800s and as a result. At the Sterkfontein caves, some of the oldest fossils of hominids have been discovered, such as Mrs. Ples, today, the Apartheid Museum stands testament to these struggles in Johannesburg. Gauteng is governed by the Gauteng Provincial Legislature, a 73-person unicameral legislature elected by party-list proportional representation. The most recent election of the legislature was held on 7 May 2014, and the African National Congress won 53. 59% of the vote. The official opposition is the Democratic Alliance, which won 30. 78% of the vote and 23 seats, other parties represented are the Economic Freedom Fighters with eight seats and the Freedom Front Plus and the Inkatha Freedom Party with one seat each. Premier David Makhura of the ANC was elected on 21 May 2014, the Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa, which has seats in Pretoria and Johannesburg, is a superior court with general jurisdiction over the province. Johannesburg is also home to the Constitutional Court, South Africas highest court, Gautengs southern border is the Vaal River, which separates it from the Free State. It also borders on North West to the west, Limpopo to the north, Gauteng is the only landlocked province of South Africa without a foreign border
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and it is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, the remaining population consists of Africas largest communities of European, Asian, and multiracial ancestry. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a variety of cultures, languages. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the recognition of 11 official languages. The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup détat, however, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a role in the countrys recent history. The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation, since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the countrys democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. South Africa is often referred to as the Rainbow Nation to describe the multicultural diversity. The World Bank classifies South Africa as an economy. Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, and the 34th-largest in the world, in terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa. However, poverty and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed, nevertheless, South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, and maintains significant regional influence. The name South Africa is derived from the geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation the country was named the Union of South Africa in English, since 1961 the long form name in English has been the Republic of South Africa. In Dutch the country was named Republiek van Zuid-Afrika, replaced in 1983 by the Afrikaans Republiek van Suid-Afrika, since 1994 the Republic has had an official name in each of its 11 official languages. Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning south, is a name for South Africa. South Africa contains some of the oldest archaeological and human fossil sites in the world, extensive fossil remains have been recovered from a series of caves in Gauteng Province. The area is a UNESCO World Heritage site and has termed the Cradle of Humankind
Geographic coordinate system
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation, to specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection. The invention of a coordinate system is generally credited to Eratosthenes of Cyrene. Ptolemy credited him with the adoption of longitude and latitude. Ptolemys 2nd-century Geography used the prime meridian but measured latitude from the equator instead. Mathematical cartography resumed in Europe following Maximus Planudes recovery of Ptolemys text a little before 1300, in 1884, the United States hosted the International Meridian Conference, attended by representatives from twenty-five nations. Twenty-two of them agreed to adopt the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, the Dominican Republic voted against the motion, while France and Brazil abstained. France adopted Greenwich Mean Time in place of local determinations by the Paris Observatory in 1911, the latitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle between the equatorial plane and the straight line that passes through that point and through the center of the Earth. Lines joining points of the same latitude trace circles on the surface of Earth called parallels, as they are parallel to the equator, the north pole is 90° N, the south pole is 90° S. The 0° parallel of latitude is designated the equator, the plane of all geographic coordinate systems. The equator divides the globe into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, the longitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle east or west of a reference meridian to another meridian that passes through that point. All meridians are halves of great ellipses, which converge at the north and south poles, the prime meridian determines the proper Eastern and Western Hemispheres, although maps often divide these hemispheres further west in order to keep the Old World on a single side. The antipodal meridian of Greenwich is both 180°W and 180°E, the combination of these two components specifies the position of any location on the surface of Earth, without consideration of altitude or depth. The grid formed by lines of latitude and longitude is known as a graticule, the origin/zero point of this system is located in the Gulf of Guinea about 625 km south of Tema, Ghana. To completely specify a location of a feature on, in, or above Earth. Earth is not a sphere, but a shape approximating a biaxial ellipsoid. It is nearly spherical, but has an equatorial bulge making the radius at the equator about 0. 3% larger than the radius measured through the poles, the shorter axis approximately coincides with the axis of rotation
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people. The International Fire Code, portions of which have adopted by many jurisdictions, is directed more towards the use of a facility than the construction. It specifies, For areas having fixed seating without dividing arms and it also requires that every public venue submit a detailed site plan to the local fire code official, including details of the means of egress, seating capacity, arrangement of the seating. Once safety considerations have been satisfied, determinations of seating capacity turn on the size of the venue. For sports venues, the decision on maximum seating capacity is determined by several factors, chief among these are the primary sports program and the size of the market area. Seating capacity of venues also plays a role in what media they are able to provide, in contracting to permit performers to use a theatre or other performing space, the seating capacity of the performance facility must be disclosed. Seating capacity may influence the kind of contract to be used, the seating capacity must also be disclosed to the copyright owner in seeking a license for the copyrighted work to be performed in that venue. Venues that may be leased for private functions such as ballrooms and auditoriums generally advertise their seating capacity, seating capacity is also an important consideration in the construction and use of sports venues such as stadiums and arenas. The seating capacity for restaurants is reported as covers, a restaurant that can seat 99 is said to have 99 covers, seating capacity differs from total capacity, which describes the total number of people who can fit in a venue or in a vehicle either sitting or standing. Use of the term public capacity indicates that a venue is allowed to more people than it can actually seat. Again, the total number of people can refer to either the physical space available or limitations set by law
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses. Poaceae includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and cultivated lawns, Grasses have stems that are hollow except at the nodes and narrow alternate leaves borne in two ranks. The lower part of each leaf encloses the stem, forming a leaf-sheath, with ca 780 genera and around 12,000 species, Poaceae are the fifth-largest plant family, following the Asteraceae, Orchidaceae, Fabaceae and Rubiaceae. Grasslands such as savannah and prairie grasses are dominant are estimated to constitute 40. 5% of the land area of the Earth, excluding Greenland. Grasses are also an important part of the vegetation in many habitats, including wetlands, forests. Though commonly called grasses, seagrasses, rushes, and sedges fall outside this family, the rushes and sedges are related to the Poaceae, being members of the order Poales, but the seagrasses are members of order Alismatales. The name Poaceae was given by John Hendley Barnhart in 1895, based on the tribe Poeae described in 1814 by Robert Brown, the term is derived from the Ancient Greek πόα. Grasses include some of the most versatile plant life-forms, a cladogram shows subfamilies and approximate species numbers in brackets, Before 2005, fossil findings indicated that grasses evolved around 55 million years ago. Recent findings of grass-like phytoliths in Cretaceous dinosaur coprolites have pushed this back to 66 million years ago. In 2011, revised dating of the origins of the rice tribe Oryzeae suggested a date as early as 107 to 129 Mya, a multituberculate mammal with grass-eating adaptations seems to suggest that grasses were already around at 120 mya. This separation occurred within the short time span of about 4 million years. Grass leaves are always alternate and distichous, and have parallel veins. Each leaf is differentiated into a lower sheath hugging the stem, the leaf blades of many grasses are hardened with silica phytoliths, which discourage grazing animals, some, such as sword grass, are sharp enough to cut human skin. A membranous appendage or fringe of hairs called the ligule lies at the junction between sheath and blade, preventing water or insects from penetrating into the sheath, flowers of Poaceae are characteristically arranged in spikelets, each having one or more florets. The spikelets are further grouped into panicles or spikes, the part of the spikelet that bears the florets is called the rachilla. A spikelet consists of two bracts at the base, called glumes, followed by one or more florets, a floret consists of the flower surrounded by two bracts, one external—the lemma—and one internal—the palea. The flowers are usually hermaphroditic—maize being an important exception—and anemophilous or wind-pollinated, the perianth is reduced to two scales, called lodicules, that expand and contract to spread the lemma and palea, these are generally interpreted to be modified sepals. This complex structure can be seen in the image on the right, the fruit of grasses is a caryopsis, in which the seed coat is fused to the fruit wall
Bidvest Wits F.C.
The club competed in a variety of tournaments and leagues before eventually winning promotion to the National Football League in 1975 – then South Africas top domestic league. The club won their first major title in 1978 – winning the Mainstay Cup after beating Kaizer Chiefs in the final of the competition. Six years later they picked up the BP Top 8, and a later in 1985 they again beat Chiefs. The club finished 6th in the inaugural NSL season in 1985 while Scottish striker Frank McGrellis was crowned the top scorer with a total of 29 league. The 1990s saw mixed fortunes for the team and they won two trophies, the BP Top 8 and the Coca-Cola Cup in 1995 under coach John Lathan. In 2000–01 the club finished a disappointing 13th under new Scottish coach Jim Bone, under De Sas reign things appeared to be looking up for Wits, with the club securing third-placed finishes in the PSL in 2003 and again in 2004. In June 2007 Roger De Sa rejoined the club after a two-year absence and he replaced caretaker Eric Tinkler who succeeded Boebie Solomons during the 2006–07 season. In 2010 Wits managed to win the Nedbank Cup defeating AmaZulu in the final, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. In the South African PSL, only five non-South African nationals can be registered, foreign players who have acquired permanent residency can be registered as locals. James Keene Gabadinho Mhango Permanent residency Domingues Shirt sponsor, Bidvest Kit manufacturer, Kappa Official website Premier Soccer League
Pausanias noted that for about half a century the only event at the ancient Greek Olympic festival was the race that comprised one length of the stade at Olympia, where the word stadium originated. In modern times, a stadium is officially a stadium when at least 50% of the capacity is an actual building. If the majority of the capacity is formed by grasshills, the venue is not officially considered a stadium. Most of the stadiums with a capacity of at least 10,000 are used for football, or soccer. A large amount of sports venues are also used for concerts. Stadium is the Latin form of the Greek word stadion, a measure of length equalling the length of 600 human feet, as feet are of variable length the exact length of a stadion depends on the exact length adopted for 1 foot at a given place and time. Although in modern terms 1 stadion =600 ft, in a historical context it may actually signify a length up to 15% larger or smaller. The equivalent Roman measure, the stadium, had a similar length — about 185 m -, the English use of stadium comes from the tiered infrastructure surrounding a Roman track of such length. Most dictionaries provide for both stadiums and stadia as valid English plurals, although etymological purists sometimes apply stadia only to measures of length in excess of 1 stadium. The oldest known stadium is the one in Olympia, in the western Peloponnese, Greece, initially the Games consisted of a single event, a sprint along the length of the stadium. The stadion, a measure of length, may be related to the Stadium, Greek and Roman stadiums have been found in numerous ancient cities, perhaps the most famous being the Stadium of Domitian, in Rome. The excavated and refurbished ancient Panathenaic stadium hosted a version of the Olympic Games in 1870,1875,1896 and 1906. The excavation and refurbishment of the stadium was part of the legacy of the Greek national benefactor Evangelos Zappas, the first stadiums to be built in the modern era were basic facilities, designed for the single purpose of fitting as many spectators in as possible. One such early stadium was the Lansdowne Road Stadium, the brainchild of Henry Dunlop, banned from locating sporting events at Trinity College, Dunlop built the stadium in 1872. Some 300 cartloads of soil from a trench beneath the railway were used to raise the ground, other early stadiums from this period in the UK include the Stamford Bridge stadium and Anfield stadium. In the U. S. However, many of these caught fire. All of the 19th-century wooden parks were replaced, some only a few years. Goodison Park was the first purpose-built football stadium in the world, walton-based building firm Kelly brothers were instructed to erect two uncovered stands that could each accommodate 4,000 spectators
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
University of the Witwatersrand
The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, is a multi-campus South African public research university situated in the northern areas of central Johannesburg. It is more known as Wits University. The university has its roots in the industry, as do Johannesburg. It was desegregated once again prior to the abolition of apartheid in 1990, several of apartheids most provocative critics, of either European or African descent, were one-time students and graduates of the university. The university has an enrolment of 33,711 students as of 2015,65 percent of the universitys total enrolment is for undergraduate study, with the remaining 35 percent being postgraduate. The university was founded in Kimberley in 1896 as the South African School of Mines, eight years later, in 1904, the school was moved to Johannesburg and renamed the Transvaal Technical Institute. The schools name changed yet again in 1906 to Transvaal University College, in 1908, a new campus of the Transvaal University College was established in Pretoria. The Johannesburg and Pretoria campuses separated on 17 May 1910, each becoming a separate institution, in 1920, the school was renamed the University College, Johannesburg. Finally, on 1 March 1922, the University College, Johannesburg, was granted university status after being incorporated as the University of the Witwatersrand. The Johannesburg municipality donated a site in Milner Park, north-west of Braamfontein, to the new institution as its campus and construction began the same year, on 4 October. True to Hofmeyrs words, from the outset Wits was a university with a policy of non-discrimination on racial or any other grounds. Initially, there were six faculties—Arts, Science, Medicine, Engineering, Law and Commerce—37 departments,73 academic staff, and approximately 1,000 students. In 1923, the university began moving into the new campus, slowly vacating its former premises on Ellof Street for the first completed building in Milner Park, in 1925, the Prince of Wales officially opened Central Block. The universitys first library, housed at the time in what was meant to be a construction, was destroyed in a fire on Christmas Eve in 1931. Following this, an appeal was made to the public for ₤80,000 to pay for the construction of a new library, and this resulted in the fairly rapid construction of the William Cullen Library, completed in 1935. During this period, as the Great Depression hit South Africa, nonetheless, it continued to grow at an impressive rate. From a total enrolment of 2,544 students in 1939 and this growth led to accommodation problems, which were temporarily resolved by the construction of wood and galvanised-iron huts in the centre of the campus. During World War II, Wits was involved in South Africas war efforts, the Bernard Price Institute of Geophysical Research was placed under the Union of South Africas defence ministry, and was involved in important research into the use of radar
Premier Soccer League
The PSL was created following an agreement between the National Soccer League and the remnants of the National Premier Soccer League. The company acts as a body and competition organiser. The PSL are affiliated to the South African Football Association but SAFA do not govern the PSL competitions, the National First Division is the second-highest league of South African club soccer. Teams that are relegated from the PSL organised divisions compete in the SAFA Second Division, the Premier Soccer League sell the naming rights of their competitions to a title sponsor. The Baymed Cup was open to First Division sides, but the competition was terminated after one edition in 2006, licenses to participate in the league can be bought and sold on the free market. The two clubs were purchased for 8 million ZAR, the NSL is the only special member of the South African Football Association. The NSL has 32 members, the 16 clubs from the Premier Division and 16 clubs from the first division who together form the Board of governors, the Board of governors is the supreme body and its functions are stated in Article 13 of the NSL constitution. The Board of governors elects the Chairman and the Executive committee, it is empowered to delegate management, the Executive committee consists of 8 elected members and the Chief Executive Officer. The Executive is appointed for a period of four years at the general meeting. The Executive delegates some of its functions to the CEO
2010 FIFA World Cup
The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for mens national association football teams. It took place in South Africa from 11 June to 11 July 2010, the matches were played in 10 stadiums in nine host cities around the country, with the final played at the Soccer City stadium in South Africas largest city, Johannesburg. Thirty-two teams were selected for participation via a qualification tournament that began in August 2007. In the first round of the tournament finals, the competed in round-robin groups of four teams for points. These 16 teams advanced to the stage, where three rounds of play decided which teams would participate in the final. In the final, Spain, the European champions, defeated the Netherlands 1–0 after extra time, as a result of their win, Spain represented the World in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup. Host nation South Africa,2006 champions Italy and 2006 runners-up France were all eliminated in the first round of the tournament and it was the first time that the hosts had been eliminated in the first round. New Zealand, with their three draws, were the undefeated team in the tournament, but they were also eliminated in the first round. Africa was chosen as the host for the 2010 World Cup as part of a policy, abandoned in 2007. Five African nations placed bids to host the 2010 World Cup, Egypt, Morocco, South Africa, following the decision of the FIFA Executive Committee not to allow co-hosted tournaments, Tunisia withdrew from the bidding process. The committee also decided not to consider Libyas solo bid as it no longer met all the stipulations laid down in the official List of Requirements. South Africa, which had failed to win the right to host the 2006 event, was thus awarded the right to host the tournament. Having successfully campaigned for South Africa to be granted host status, during 2006 and 2007, rumours circulated in various news sources that the 2010 World Cup could be moved to another country. Franz Beckenbauer, Horst R. Schmidt and, reportedly, some FIFA executives, expressed concern over the planning, organisation, and pace of South Africas preparations. Blazer stated, I and others on the Fifa executive committee agreed to accept bribes in conjunction with the selection of South Africa as the host nation for the 2010 World Cup. On 6 June 2015, The Daily Telegraph reported that Morocco had actually won the vote, the qualification draw for the 2010 World Cup was held in Durban on 25 November 2007. As the host nation, South Africa qualified automatically for the tournament, as happened in the previous tournament, the defending champions were not given an automatic berth, and Italy had to participate in qualification. With a pool of entrants comprising 204 of the 208 FIFA national teams at the time, some controversies arose during the qualifications
Netherlands national football team
The Netherlands national football team represents the Netherlands in international football. It is controlled by the Royal Netherlands Football Association, the body for football in the Netherlands. The team is referred to as Het Nederlands Elftal and Oranje. Like the country itself, the team is sometimes referred to as Holland. The Dutch hold the record for playing the most World Cup finals without winning the tournament. They finished second in the 1974,1978 and 2010 World Cups, losing to West Germany, Argentina and Spain respectively, the Netherlands played their first international match in Antwerp against Belgium on 30 April 1905. The players were selected by a commission from the Dutch football association. After 90 minutes, the score was 1–1, but because the match was for a trophy, the Netherlands made their first appearance at the World Cup final tournament in 1934. After a second appearance in 1938 they did not appear in another World Cup until 1974, the 1970s saw the invention of Total Football, pioneered by Ajax and led by playmaker Johan Cruyff and national team coach Rinus Michels. The Dutch made significant strides, qualifying for two World Cup finals in the decade. The captain of the Brazilian team that won the 1970 FIFA World Cup, Carlos Alberto, went on to say, since then everything looks more or less the same to me. Their carousel style of play was amazing to watch and marvellous for the game, in 1974, the Netherlands beat both Brazil and Argentina in the second group stage, reaching the final for the first time in their history. However, the team lost to West Germany in the final in Munich, however, a converted penalty by Paul Breitner and the winner from Gerd Müller led to a victory for the Germans. By comparison, Euro 76 was a disappointment, the Netherlands lost in the semi-finals to Czechoslovakia, as much because of infighting within the squad and the coach George Knobel, as well as the skill of the eventual winners. In 1978, the Netherlands again reached the final of a World Cup, only to be beaten by the hosts and this side played without Johan Cruijff, Willem van Hanegem, and Jan van Beveren, who refused to participate in the World Cup. It still contained Johan Neeskens, Johnny Rep, Arie Haan, Ruud Krol, Wim Jansen, Jan Jongbloed, Wim Suurbier, the Netherlands were less impressive in the group stages. They qualified as runners-up, after a draw with Peru and a loss to Scotland, in the second group phase, however, the Netherlands topped a group including Italy and West Germany, setting up a final with Argentina. However, the Dutch finished as runners up for the second World Cup in a row as they ultimately lost 3–1 after two extra time goals from Argentina, Rensenbrink hit the Argentinian post in the last minute of normal time, with the score 1–1
Ajax Cape Town F.C.
Ajax Cape Town is a South African football club based in the Parow suburb of the city of Cape Town that plays in the Premier Soccer League. Dutch Eredivisie club AFC Ajax is the parent club and acts as the majority shareholder, Ajax Cape Town was formed in 1999 via the amalgamation of two Cape Town-based teams, Seven Stars and Cape Town Spurs, as AFC Ajax expanded their worldwide talent-feeder network to South Africa. Ajax, nicknamed Urban Warriors, played their first official game against Kaizer Chiefs in the Iwisa Charity Spectacular on 17 July 1999, Ajax caused an upset when they beat Chiefs 1–0 with Sam Pam, the Ajax Cape Town captain, scoring the winning goal. Since coming into existence, Ajax has never won the title with their highest finish being runners-up in 2003–04, 2007-08. Ajax managed to win the Rothmans Cup in 2000, the Nedbank Cup in 2007, in January 2007 Ajax CT managed to beat AFC Ajax 3–1 in a friendly game held in Cape Town. The next friendly, played in Amsterdam, ended in a 3–2 win for AFC Ajax in July 2009. Over the years several Ajax CT players have made the step to the club, among them Steven Pienaar in 2002, Daylon Claasen in 2009, Eyong Enoh in 2008. In July 2013, it was announced that the Comitis brothers, in September 2015, Ajax won the 2015 MTN8 tournament edging Kaizer Chiefs 1–0 in the final. Since the inception of the club, Ajax Cape Town have imported the AFC Ajax philosophy, since then the Ajax Cape Town Community Scheme has been implemented in more than 120 schools across the Western Cape as far as the Cape Winelands, reaching more than 8,000 children. In the beginning Ajax CT played their games at Athlone Stadium. The latter is a 51,900 capacity venue, which was first built in 1888, essentially being a rugby stadium, it was a home they shared with clubs Santos and Vasco da Gama, as well as rugby teams Stormers and Western Province. Athlone Stadium was home to the Santos and has a capacity of 30,000, the stadium located in Athlone, Cape Town was also host to some of Ajax CT early home matches as well. Moving to the Green Point Stadium, an 18,000 seat multi-purpose stadium in the Green Point area of Cape Town, the stadium was eventually demolished in 2007 to make way for the new Cape Town Stadium for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. On 3 August 2011 a contract extension of three years was negotiated with the stadium, which will see Ajax CT playing their games there until 2014. The first match played at the new stadium was a Cape Town derby between Ajax CT and Santos on 23 January 2010 as part of the inauguration of the stadium. Ajax Cape Town also has a training facility called Ikamva located in Parow. It serves as the grounds for the senior squad, as well as for the Ajax Cape Town Youth Development Academy. It has hosted a number of foreign clubs among them German Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart during their midseason camp in 2014 as well as Viking FK from Norway, total amount of points for CAF Coefficient,17
Cape Town Stadium
The Cape Town Stadium in Cape Town, South Africa is a stadium that was built for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. During the planning stage, it was known as the Green Point Stadium, which was the name of the stadium on the site. It is the ground of Premier Soccer League clubs Ajax Cape Town. It has also hosted the South Africa Sevens rugby tournament since 2015, the stadium is located in Green Point, between Signal Hill and the Atlantic Ocean, close to the Cape Town city centre and to the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, a popular tourist and shopping venue. The stadium had a capacity of 64,100 during the 2010 World Cup. The stadium is connected to the waterfront by a new connection, Granger Bay Boulevard. The stadium was built by South African construction contractor Murray & Roberts, during construction, Cape Town Stadium was unofficially known as Green Point Stadium, the name of an older stadium demolished to make way for the new stadium. During October 2009, the city asked for the public to propose names for the new stadium, the stadium is adjacent to the site of the original 18,000 seater stadium Green Point Stadium. It replaces a portion of the Metropolitan Golf Club site which has now been realigned and it also hosted music concerts, including the November 200346664 Concert for the benefit of AIDS victims. The section of the old stadium that remained was redeveloped into the Green Point Athletics Stadium, construction of the Cape Town Stadium, located on the Green Point Common, began in March 2007. In 33 months, joint contractors Murray & Roberts and WBHO completed the project at a cost of R4. 4billion – or approximately US$600million, the project architects were an association between GMP Architects of Germany and two local firms, Louis Karol and Associates and Point Architects. The structural engineers comprised a joint venture between BKS, Henry Fagan & Partners, KFD Wilkinson, Goba, Iliso and Arcus Gibb, Cape Town Stadium was officially handed over to the City of Cape Town on schedule on 14 December 2009. The consortium, called Business Venture Investments 1317, was involved in the management of the stadium from January 2009 onwards. Following the World Cup, temporary rows of seating on either side on the top tier were replaced by events suites and clubrooms, the stadium features corporate hospitality suites, medical, training, and conferencing and banqueting facilities. The consortium will operate the stadium as well as manage and maintain the areas of the surrounding urban park. Ajax Cape Town have used the stadium as their ground from the 2010-11 Premier Soccer League season onwards. Due to the ongoing financial problems, the City of Cape Town had sought to acquire Western Province rugby as an anchor tenant. After four years of talks, Western Province announced in December 2014 that they had decided to remain at Newlands Stadium
Newlands Stadium, currently referred to as DHL Newlands for sponsorship reasons, is located in Cape Town, South Africa. The stadium currently has a capacity of 51,900 people and it is the oldest rugby stadium in South Africa and the second-oldest rugby stadium in the world. The decision to buy the ground the stadium stands on was made by the Western Province Rugby, the first official match at Newlands took place on 31 May 1890 when Stellenbosch defeated Villagers there in front of a crowd of about 2,400 people. The following year the stadium hosted its first rugby test when the British Lions toured South Africa and it wasnt until 1919 that the first permanent concrete stands were erected on the grounds. Later, in 1927, the new grandstand was erected and the layout was changed to run from North-South. Yet more changes came in 1931 when the South stand was also enlarged, the 1980s also saw 10,253 seats added to the stadium. After the World Cup, development continued with several redevelopment and expansion projects to make the more modern. In late 2005, Vodacom became the main sponsor, but followed Investecs precedent. In 1995 the stadium was one of the host venues for the Rugby World Cup held in South Africa, the stadium hosted two pool games in Pool A. The stadium also hosted one quarter final with England defeating Australia 25–22, the stadium was then used for the semi final between England and New Zealand, with England losing 29–45. It was speculated that WP rugby would sell Newlands, and that the Stormers, however, the Western Province Rugby Union have decided that they will not be using the stadium, but will rather remain at Newlands. Vodacom Western Province Rugby website Website of the Vodacom Stormers rugby union team Website of the Ajax Cape Town football team
AmaZulu is a South African football club based in the city of Durban that played in the Premier Soccer League. They were relegated in the 2014–15 season, the clubs nickname, Usuthu, is a Zulu war cry. One of the oldest clubs in South Africa, AmaZulu was formed by Zulu migrant workers in 1932, in Spanish the clubs name is known as Babazule. The club was introduced to then Zulu king Solomon, who changed the team’s name to Zulu Royals, their colours to royal blue and white. AmaZulu were crowned champions in 1972 topping the now defunct NPSL. They also managed to win the Coca-Cola Cup in 1992 under veteran South African coach Clive Barker who had seven stints with the club since the mid 1970s. In 2005, Patrick Sokhela took over the running of the club, to commemorate the clubs 80th anniversary in 2012 AmaZulu played a friendly against English giants Manchester United on 18 July 2012 losing by a solitary goal scored by Federico Macheda. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. In the RSAn PSL, only five non-RSAn nationals can be registered, foreign players who have acquired permanent residency can be registered as locals. NAMns born before 1990 can be registered as RSAns, paul Were Sadney Urikhob Sadate Ouro-Akoriko Bornwell Mwape Tapuwa Kapini Carlington Nyadombo Willem Mwedihanga Shirt sponsor, SPAR Kit manufacturer, Kappa Official website Premier Soccer League
Moses Mabhida Stadium
The Moses Mabhida Stadium is a stadium in Durban, South Africa, named after Moses Mabhida, a former General Secretary of the South African Communist Party. The stadium became a venue for events, like bungee jumping, concerts, cricket, football, golf practice, motorsports. It was one of the host stadiums for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the stadium had a capacity of 62,760 during the World Cup and currently has a capacity of 54,000. The stadium is adjacent to the Kings Park Stadium, in the Kings Park Sporting Precinct, and it includes a sports institute, and a transmodal transport station. This newly built stadium is located on the grounds of the Kings Park Soccer Stadium, the stadium had the capacity to hold 62,760 spectators during the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Its design allows the stadium seating to be adjusted,54,000 for local matches or up to 80,000 for events such as the Commonwealth Games and it has two permanent tiers of seating, a temporary third one was added for the World Cup. There are 120 corporate hospitality suites with 7,500 seats, the arch also represents the once divided nation coming together, inspired by the South African Flag. The arch consists of a 5×5m steel hollow box and weighs 2,600 tonnes, a funicular carries visitors from the north side of the stadium to a viewing platform at the top of the arch, offering a view over city and ocean. The south side features a 550-step adventure walk, on 24 February 2010 the worlds largest swing opened at the stadium. The swing allows clients to jump off the 4th ladder rung, Moses Mabhida Stadium roof consists of a 46,000 m2, Teflon-coated, glass-fibre membrane which produce a translucent glow when the stadium is lit. These are attached to the arch by 95mm diameter steel cables, the roof covers 88% of the seats. Around the perimeter,1,750 columns and 216 raking beams provides the main support, around the field, 900m of retaining walls stretches 8m high. A total of 1,780 pre-cast concrete seating panels creates the bowl form, there are over 80,000 square metres of floor space within the stadium structure. Over 100 columns surround the stadium, the height of the columns varies around the stadium, but the highest is 46m. In total 15,000 square metres of façade surround the stadium, a total of 550 aluminium fins fit between the main columns. Perforated metal sheeting was placed between the fins, where required. Durban was awarded the rights to host the 2022 Commonwealth Games on September 2,2015 at the General Assembly in Auckland, the Event is due to begin on 18 July 2022 the birthday of late former president Nelson Mandela. The stadium was one of the venues for the 2010 FIFA World Cup and hosted five games, one second round game
Wits University F.C.
Wits University Football Club, also known as Wits FC, is the football club representing the University of the Witwatersrand based in Johannesburg, South Africa. Wits University Football Club boasts the largest number of members for any single sporting code in the university with two teams, a ladies teams and a junior program for prospective students. The Mens senior team is ranked 5th in the following participation in the National Championships. The ladies narrowly missed out on qualification, the Mens First & Reserve Teams are members of SAFA Soweto, with the First Team playing in the Promotional League, playing for promotion to the SAB Regional League. Wits FCs home ground is the Bidvest Stadium, located on the universitys East Campus in Braamfontein, the stadium can hold up to 5000 spectators at capacity. The stadium is used by Premier Soccer League outfit, Bidvest Wits F. C. as 50% of the stadium is owned by the university. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Mens First Team Head Coach, Karabo Mogudi Assistant coach, Kgabo Ditsebe Fitness Coach, Restoration Sikhwari Team manager, Sanele Nene Official website
The Mbombela Stadium is an all-seater,40, 929-seat stadium and was one of the ten venues for the FIFA World Cup 2010. It is located on open land six kilometres west of Mbombela, South Africa, the stadium has the same name as Nelspruits new name. In October 2009, Nelspruit was officially renamed Mbombela by the South African government, however, FIFAs 2010 World Cup web site refers to the city as Nelspruit. The stadium is the centrepiece of a wider sports precinct with athletics. The R1, 050-million sports facility was ready for use well ahead of the June 2010 World Cup kickoff, the stadium was made possible through taxpayer funding. Construction commenced in February 2007 and was completed in November 2009, the construction contract was awarded to a South African–French consortium of Basil Read Construction and Bouygues Construction. The structure is founded on 1,500 piles on a 10m structural grid, each roof support sits on 18 piles on the 30m major structural bay. The 10m span seating beams are prestressed and most of the 3,170 units were pre-cast on site, the project was subjected to numerous wildcat strikes. With the 5th and final strike, all main contract labourers were dismissed, all subsequent work was performed by subcontractors. During a freak storm in January 2009, a tower crane blew over, the site was unoccupied at the time and there were no injuries. The construction required a total of 5.5 million man-hours to complete, the site accident history was exceptionally safe with the worst injury being a broken ankle. A record was set of 2.4 million consecutive injury-free hours, the stadium design reflects its inter-relation with the nearby Kruger National Park. The signature feature of the stadium are the 18 roof supports that resemble giraffes, the seats are patterned with zebra stripes. Visitors to the venue can easily add on a side-trip to the game reserve, the bowl design aimed to put every seat as close as practical to the field action and maintain excellent sightlines over the heads of spectators. This venue is the most compact arena of all 2010 venues, most seats are covered by the cantilever roof. The seating is divided into 3 tiers with 21,000 lower tier,3,500 middle tier and 19,000 on the upper tier, the upper tier is accessed by 8 wide ramps located on the corners. The ramps accommodates small delivery vehicles, the middle tier, which is accessed by elevators, has premium seating with a VIP lounge, restaurant, club lounges and 25 private boxes. The pitch is sized for association football and Rugby Union and it is floodlit to 2,200 lux to meet FIFA requirements which is on full backup power from diesel generators
Ellis Park Stadium
Ellis Park Stadium is a rugby union and association football stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. It hosted the final of the 1995 Rugby World Cup, which was won by the national team. The stadium was the countrys most modern when it was upgraded in 1982 to accommodate almost 60,000 people, today, the stadium hosts both football and rugby and is also used as a venue for other large events, such as open-air concerts. It has become synonymous with rugby as the time when rugby was not played at Ellis Park was during 1980 and 1981. The stadium was named after Mr J. D. Ellis. A five-year ZAR450 million naming rights deal was signed in 2008 with The Coca-Cola Company, league, provincial, and international soccer games have all been played at the stadium, and it has seen such teams as Brazil, Manchester United and Arsenal play. Ellis Park hosted six Test matches between 1948 and 1954, but it has not been used for cricket since New Wanderers Stadium opened in 1956 and is now used only for rugby. In 1889 when after a long and hard battle the Transvaal Rugby Football Union was formed and established a domain. The first games were played at the Wanderers Club’s stadium whose grounds were situated where Johannesburg Park Station is today. Rows between the different rugby clubs as well as the Wanderers Clubs claim of the field for the use of cricket games, an area with a quarry and garbage dumps in Doornfontein was identified in,1927 as the possible alternative. The Transvaal Rugby Football Union negotiated with the Johannesburg City Councils, Mr. J. D. Ellis, on 10 October 1927 the final rental agreement was signed. A quote of £600 was accepted for the grass and with a loan from the city council to the amount of £5,000, the stadium was built in eight months and in June 1928 the first test was played against the All Blacks. Thus was born Ellis Park which became renowned and synonymous with rugby. Crowds of between 38,000 and a crowd of 100,000 against the British and Irish Lions attended the matches. Ellis Park played the host for cricket matches after an agreement was reached between Transvaal Rugby Football Union and The Transvaal Cricket Union. From 1947 when the pitch was laid until 1956, Ellis Park was host to various cricket matches with the final games played in the 1953/54 series against New Zealand. Cricket then moved to its new venue where the current Wanderers still is today, on 28 April 1969 the Transvaal Rugby Football Union formed a stadium committee to investigate the possibilities of a new stadium since the one in use did not meet all the modern requirements. Fifteen years later, after the game between Transvaal and the World Team on 31 March 1979, the old Ellis Park was demolished, games were played at the Wanderers while the stadium was being rebuilt
Bloemfontein Celtic F.C.
Bloemfontein Celtic is a South African football club based in Bloemfontein that plays in the Premier Soccer League. Bloemfontein Celtic has a fan base in the Free State. Siwelele, as Celtics supporters are known, are arguably the most passionate in South Africa, the club was founded by the late Norman Mathobisa and Victor Mahatanya in 1969 as Mangaung United. Mahatanya and Mathobisa administered the club until the early 1980s when financial challenges forced them to sell the club to Petrus Whitehead Molemela, in 1984, Molemela took over the club and changed the name to Bloemfontein Celtic. In November 2001, after the relegation of Phunya Sele Sele, Molemela sold his shares in the club to Demetri Jimmy Augousti, a former Celtic player. After only three out of the top-flight, the club regained its PSL status with an impressive season in 2003–04 when they were crowned First Division champions. They also managed to win the 2005 SAA Supa 8 and the 2007 Telkom Charity Cup, in 2009 they formed a partnership with Portuguese club Sporting CP, that included the creation of a youth academy, based in the capital of the Free State. Max Tshabalala who also owns Roses United took over from Jimmy Augousti on 21 July 2014, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, in the South African PSL, only five non-South African nationals can be registered. Foreign players who have acquired permanent residency can be registered as locals, namibians born before 1990 can be registered as South Africans
Free State Stars F.C.
Free State Stars is a South African football club based in Bethlehem, Free State that plays in the Premier Soccer League. Founded in 1977 in a village of Makwane in an area then known as QwaQwa. The team won the cup in 1994 with Bunene Ngaduane leading the scoring charts. To avoid fixture congestion the clubs franchise was sold to the Premier Soccer League in 2002, the following year, Mike Mokoena revived the club as he bought and renamed the franchise of National First Division side Maholosiane. FS Stars managed to regain their Premiership status in 2005 after winning the Mvela Golden League, after a disappointing season in the top-flight, with the first team finishing bottom of the table, the club was relegated. The 2007–08 season however proved to be a success with Stars dominating the First Division. They also managed to win the inaugural Baymed Cup in December 2006 beating FC AK in the final, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, in the South African PSL, only five non-South African nationals can be registered. Foreign players who have acquired permanent residency can be registered as locals, namibians born before 1990 can be registered as South Africans
Peter Mokaba Stadium
The Peter Mokaba Stadium is a football and rugby union stadium in Polokwane, South Africa, that was used for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. It has a capacity of 45,500 but for the purposes of the 2010 FIFA World Cup the seating capacity was reduced to 41,733. and was named after Peter Mokaba, a former leader of the ANC Youth League. It is located 3 kilometers from the city center and is located just east of the existing Old Peter Mokaba Stadium, the stadium is one of five new stadiums that were built for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Initial plans to upgrade the existing Old Peter Mokaba Stadium were abandoned in favour of the R1,245,000,000 new Peter Mokaba stadium, the stadium was used intensely for training and matches. Therefore, the grass has been reinforced with artificial fibers, which anchors the field into a stable. The stadium hosted four Group matches during the tournament, the first event at the stadium was the Peter Mokaba Cup, held on 23 January 2010. It was a 4 team, friendly tournament, which served as the opening event. In the first semi-final, Supersport United beat Danish side Brøndby 2–1, in the second semi-final, Kaizer Chiefs advanced after beating Wits 4–3 on penalties, after a goalless draw. Kaizer Chiefs defeated Supersport United 4–2 in the final, the first international game played at the stadium was the international friendly between South Africa and Guatemala on 31 May 2010, which South Africa won 5–0. The stadium hosted its first competitive match on 20 November 2010. Kaizer Chiefs opted to host their 2010–11 Telkom Knockout semi-final against Santos at the stadium, the match ended 1–0 to Kaizer Chiefs. The stadium hosted its first rugby match on 30 January 2010. The match was a Super 14 warm up match, played for the Xerox Cup and it was contested by the Bulls and Lions. ESPN Stadium Profile Goal. com Profile 360 View
Lamontville Golden Arrows F.C.
Lamontville Golden Arrows F. C. are a South African soccer club based in Durban that plays in the Premier Soccer League. It was founded in 1943 in the streets of Lamontville, a township in Durban, the club played in the defunct National Professional Soccer League in the 1970s until they were relegated in 1976. They played in the Second Division thereafter until 1980 when they were embroiled in a soccer scandal, the team was formed again in 1996 when the Madlala family bought the Second Division franchise of Ntokozo FC and changed its name to Lamontville Golden Arrows. In 2000 they won promotion to the PSL by winning the National First Division Coastal Stream, Arrows claimed their first piece of major silverware when they won the MTN8 in 2009. They routed Ajax Cape Town 6–0 in the played at Orlando Stadium. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, in the South African PSL, only five non-South African nationals can be registered. Foreign players who have acquired permanent residency can be registered as locals, namibians born before 1990 can be registered as South Africans
Kaizer Chiefs F.C.
Kaizer Chiefs Football Club is a South African football club based in Johannesburg that plays in the Premier Soccer League. The team is nicknamed Amakhosi, which means Lords or chiefs in Zulu, and they currently play most of their home matches at Soccer City in Nasrec, Soweto, which is commonly also referred to as the FNB Stadium. The club is arguably the most successful club in South Africa. They are also the most supported club in the country, with over 20 million estimated supporters and it has supporters in neighbouring countries like Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Namibia, etc. The team has a local rivalry with Orlando Pirates, a fellow Soweto team which Chiefs founder Kaizer Motaung played for in his early playing career. Chiefs were banned by the Confederation of African Football from competing in African club competitions until 2009 after their withdrawal from the 2005 CAF Confederation Cup. This was the time in four years that Chiefs had been penalized by CAF for refusal to participate in a scheduled CAF competition. Kaiser Chiefs, a British indie/britpop band, was named after the club because Lucas Radebe, a player of Kaizer Chiefs, captained Leeds United. He combined his own first name with the Atlanta Chiefs to create the name of Kaizer Chiefs, Kaizer Chiefs are known as Amakhosi by its fans. Their headquarters is Kaizer Chiefs Village, in Naturena, six kilometres south of Johannesburg, the 2001–02 season was one of the Club’s most successful in their history as well as their most tragic. They won four trophies in four months, the Vodacom Challenge, the BP Top Eight, the Coca-Cola Cup. By virtue of winning the African Cup Winners Cup, Chiefs went on to play the 2001 CAF Champions League winners Al-Ahly of Egypt in the 2001 CAF Super Cup. In April 2002, Kaizer Chiefs achievements during 2001 were recognized as they were chosen as the CAF Club of the Year by the Confederation of African Football, in the 2003–04 season Chiefs were given the Fair Play Award at the Peace Cup in South Korea. Chiefs ended the season as champions, winning the PSL for the first time in their history. During the championship race of the 2004–05 soccer season, Chiefs overtook the leaders in the last game of the season to defend its PSL championship. Under the leadership of Romanian coach Ted Dumitru, Zambian striker Collins Mbesuma had a season scoring 39 goals in all competitions. Kaizer Chiefs forays into Africa were temporarily scuttled by a Confederation of African Football ban, however, it still made its presence felt through the annual Vodacom Challenge that pit Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates with an invited European club. Chiefs have won the Vodacom Challenge Cup 5 times since its inception and they beat a young Manchester United side 4–3 on penalties in the 2006 Challenge to win the trophy
First National Bank Stadium or simply FNB Stadium, also known as Soccer City and The Calabash, is a stadium located in Nasrec, bordering the Soweto area of Johannesburg, South Africa. It is located next to the South African Football Association headquarters where both the FIFA offices and the Local Organising Committee for the 2010 FIFA World Cup were housed. Designed as the association football stadium for the World Cup. However its maximum capacity during the 2010 FIFA World Cup was 84,490 due to reserved seating for the press, the stadium is also known by its nickname The Calabash due to its resemblance to the African pot or gourd. It was the site of Nelson Mandelas first speech in Johannesburg after his release from prison in 1990 and it was also the site of Chris Hanis funeral. It was also the venue for the 2010 FIFA World Cup Final, the World Cup closing ceremony on the day of the final saw the final public appearance of Mandela. The stadium has been known as FNB Stadium since it was opened in 1989. This was due to a rights deal with First National Bank. During the 2010 FIFA World Cup, as well as in the month before the tournament and this was done as FIFA does not allow stadiums to be referred to by sponsored names during FIFA-sanctioned tournaments. The stadiums current name is FNB Stadium, the stadium underwent a major upgrade for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, with a new design inspired by the shape of an African pot, the calabash. The number of suites in the stadium was increased to 195, grinaker-LTA and BAM international won the R1.5 billion tender to upgrade the stadium. The construction was completed on Wednesday,21 October 2009 and was marked by a celebration at the stadium. No spectator is seated more than 100 metres from the field, the stands in the FNB Stadium are articulated by ten black vertical lines, nine are aligned geographically with the nine other stadiums involved in the 2010 World Cup. Because 9 is considered to be a number in South African traditional culture. This tenth line is aimed at Berlins Olympic Stadium, which hosted the previous World Cup final in 2006, before the upgrade, the stadium had a capacity of 80,000. The newly reconstructed stadium retains part of the structures west upper tier, although this. The lower tier was completely reconstructed and divided into two segments which enabled the creation of a new lower concourse linked to the ground level concourse. FNB Stadium served as the venue for the tournament
Loftus Versfeld Stadium
Loftus Versfeld Stadium is a rugby and soccer stadium situated in the Arcadia suburb of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. The stadium has a capacity of 51,762 for rugby union, owned by the Blue Bulls Rugby Union, the stadium is the home ground of the Bulls franchise of the Super Rugby tournament and the Blue Bulls union in South Africas Currie Cup. It also hosted the 2009 Super 14 Final which the Bulls won 61 -17 against the Waikato Chiefs, and the 2009 Currie Cup final, also, the South Africa national rugby union team has played several test matches at the Loftus Versfeld Stadium. They played New Zealand in 1970,1996,1999,2003 and 2006, Australia in 1967,1997,2001,2005,2010 and 2012, England in 1994,2000 and 2007, and Ireland in 1998. In June 2010, the stadium hosted opening round games and one game of the round of 16 of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the stadium was named after Robert Loftus Owen Versfeld, the founder of organized sports in Pretoria. Through the years the stadium has undergone name changes as sponsors came and went. From 11 June 1998 to 4 February 2003 the stadium was officially named Minolta Loftus after Minolta became the name sponsor. Sponsorship was taken over by security giant Securicor, who announced the name Securicor Loftus on 5 February 2003, on 1 September 2005 the renaming process went full circle when cellular provider Vodacom, taking over sponsorship from Securicor, renamed the stadium back to the original Loftus Versfeld. The site of the stadium was first used for sports in 1906, the first concrete structure was erected there by the City Council in 1923. The original structure could only accommodate 2000 spectators and did not have sports facilities. In 1928, mostly because of the All Blacks tour to South Africa that year, the Pretoria sub-union made a large profit which they used to erect changing rooms and toilets. When Mr Loftus Versfeld died suddenly in May 1932 the Pretoria sub-union renamed the Eastern Sports Ground after him as a tribute to a man that had done so much to develop sport in the area, the stadium has been known as Loftus Versfeld Stadium ever since. It has been upgraded on several occasions, most recently in 1984, Loftus Versfeld now has a large amount of world-class facilities which make it a wonderful place to play or to watch sports matches or events. There are many suites for enjoying a hospitality package, accessible restrooms, the stadium is a non-smoking stadium and patrons are not allowed to access the stadium seating areas with alcohol. Loftus Versfeld has many viewing points all over the stadium. Loftus hosted some matches during the 1995 Rugby World Cup, Loftus Versfeld was one of the venues for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup. It hosted the Group B matches USA vs. Italy, USA vs, minimal upgrading was undertaken in order for Loftus Versfeld to qualify as a venue for first and second round matches for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The floodlights, sound system, scoreboards and stadium roof were improved, as roads, while expected to be finished in August 2008, renovation was completed in January 2009
Mamelodi Sundowns F.C.
[[File, Sundowns old. png|logo|thumb|Old logo Mamelodi Sundowns are a South African football club based in Pretoria that plays in the Premier Soccer League. Since the inception of the PSL in 1996 Sundowns have won the title a record seven times. The clubs nickname, The Brazilians, is a reference to their uniforms, Mamelodi Sundowns Football Club originated from Marabastad, a cosmopolitan area North West of the Pretoria CBD. The club was affiliated to the Federation Professional Football League in 1973, in 1978, the Federation Professional Football League threw their weight behind the then National Professional Football League. This meant the end of the Federation Professional Football League and the subsequent relegation of Sundowns to the second division. For five years Downs battled to gain promotion and during that period the Sundowns management resolved to disband the club, in 1984 South African football was the first sport to become non-racial and the National Football League was formed incorporating the top clubs in the country. Sundowns earned promotion to the NSL in 1985 but in their first season in football, they found the going difficult until Zola Mahobe came on board. In 1988, the ownership of the fell in the hands of Standard Bank. The club was under liquidation and a football family Angelo and Natasha Tsichlas spoke to the Bank and they then formed a company with Abe Krok and bought 100% of the club. Under the Tsichlas/Krok leadership Sundowns become the best team in South Africa. They won the first NSL League Trophy with Angelo Tsichlas as a Coach, National Soccer League was replaced by Premier Soccer League for the 1996–97 season. Sundowns won three titles from 1998 to 2000 as well as being Bob Save Super Bowl winners in 1998. The club reached the final of the 2001 CAF Champions League where they were defeated 4–1 on aggregate by Egyptian club Al Ahly, under Tsichlas the team became the best in South Africa and won more trophies than any other team in the country. After a slow start to the 2006–07 season, Gamondi and Tovey were relieved of their positions, under Igesund, Sundowns defended their title in emphatic style, running away with the trophy. They failed to win the double losing to Ajax Cape Town in the 2007 ABSA Cup final, after a stuttering start to the 2009–10 season, an impressive run through the second half of the season saw the club to second position in the final league standings. The club nevertheless parted ways with coach Hristo Stoichkov, in the 2010–11 season, Antonio Lopez Habas, who was the assistant coach under Stoichkov, took over the reins of the senior team. Sundowns made its best ever start to a League season and topped the standings at the end of the first round. The second round of the league proved more competitive and Sundowns were in the hunt for the title until the second last match. Habas resigned in February citing personal reasons and went back to Spain, assistant coach Ian Gorowa was appointed as interim head coach
Moroka Swallows F.C.
Moroka Swallows are a South African soccer club based in Johannesburg. Until relegation in the 2014–15 season, the played in the Premier Soccer League. Founded in 1947, Swallows are considered as one of the original two Soweto clubs, together with Orlando Pirates. Currently playing in the SAB league after a stream of relegation from 3 soccer division. The club was founded in the 1940s by a trio of soccer lovers, Ishmael Lesolang, Strike Makgatha and they originally named the side Congregated Rovers after the firm in which most of the players and officials worked, later changing it to Moroka Rovers. But then, on 10 October 1947, the decided to change the name again to Moroka Swallows. The name has lasted for the best part of 55 years, the name moroka means rain maker in Setswana and the township was probably named after Chief Moroka of Barolong boo-Seleka who became the president of the ANC in 1940s. It is hardly surprising therefore that the club was renamed the rain bird, the 1950s and 1960s were a successful time for the club, culminating in their greatest ever achievement, winning the South African League title in 1965. Off the field, the club was becoming a business and in 1971 they became the first ever team to register as a public company. That same year they were also the first to receive an official sponsorship when Teljoy began their association with the club, the decade between 1982 and 1992 was a successful one for the team, culminating in four pieces of silverware. In 2007 the club celebrated its 60th anniversary, two years later Swallows won the Nedbank Cup, the clubs first piece of silverware for five years. The club narrowly avoided relegation in the 2013–14 season, finishing thirteenth, the 2014–15 season saw them relegated for the first time in their history, finishing 15th, and failing to retain their position after being defeated in the promotion-relegation playoffs. Following their first relegation from the top level, the finished bottom of the log in the 2015–16_National_First_Division. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. In the South African PSL, only five non-South African nationals can be registered, foreign players who have acquired permanent residency can be registered as locals. Boris Savić Felix Obada Obren Cucković Vladimir Mandic Greg Etafia Official website Premier Soccer League PSL Club Info South African Football Association Confederation of African Football
Mpumalanga Black Aces F.C.
Black Aces were a South African football club that played in the Premier Soccer League. Aces usually played their games in the Mpumalanga province but were based and trained in Johannesburg. The original club was founded in 1937 by dairy workers, the club folded after finishing 14th in the National First Division inland stream in 2002. The club had also known as Ukhumba Black Aces, Witbank Black Aces. The licensed was acquired in December 2006 and the team was playing under the name of Mpumalanga Black Aces in time for the 2007–08 season. In 2004, two South African businessmen George Morfou and his brother Mario bought the club side Dangerous Darkies, the Vodacom League team was renamed to Aces Academy in 2007 following the brothers acquisition and in 2011 was renamed to AmaZayoni FC. On July 30,2014, it was announced that Aces had signed a new deal with ISPS. In 2016, John Comitis purchased the rights, closing the club
The club was founded in 1937 and was originally based in Orlando, Soweto. They are named Pirates after the 1940 film The Sea Hawk starring Errol Flynn and they are the one of the only two South African teams with Mamelodi Sundowns to win the CAF Champions League, which they won in 1995. They are the runners-up of 2015 CAF Confederation Cup, Orlando Pirates remains the only team since the inception of the PSL in 1996 to have been always in the top eight bracket. Orlando Pirates is one of South Africas oldest football clubs having been established in 1937 in Orlando East, Soweto. The clubs performances over the years have served as an inspiration for young footballers to strive to play the Beautiful Game at the highest level in the black and white colours of the ‘Buccaneers’. The founders of Orlando Pirates included offspring of migrant workers who moved from areas to work in the gold mines of Gauteng. Boys in Orlando came together at every opportunity in open spaces. That original club was called the Orlando Boys Club, in 1940, Buthuel Mokgosinyane, the first president, bought the first team kit with his own funds. Orlando Boys participated in Johannesburg Bantu Associations Saturday League, where won the Division Two title. Andrew Bassie, a key member of the team, suggested the new name Orlando Pirates, the team composed the camps war cry Ezimnyama Ngenkani. Their first-place finish in the 2010–11 domestic league campaign generated much excitement among the clubs vast fan-base, in 2011, Orlando Pirates enjoyed tremendous success by winning the 2010–11 Premier Soccer League, The Nedbank Cup, The MTN8 Cup and The Telkom Knockout. But the African continent and other areas of the world took notice of Orlando Pirates Football Club when they won the African Champions Cup in 1995. Pirates were and still are the only Southern Hemisphere club to have won the African Champions League and this achievement resulted in the club being honoured by the first State President of the new democratic South Africa, Nelson Mandela – another first for a South African sporting team. Kaizer Chiefs chairman Kaizer Motaung and his Jomo Cosmos counterpart Jomo Sono were popular players of the highest calibre for the Buccaneers before starting their own clubs and their playing history is deeply entrenched in the black and white colours of Orlando Pirates. The Soweto derby between Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates is one of the most fiercely contested derbies in world football. And in contrast to most of the games played in the Premier Soccer League in South Africa. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, in the South African PSL, only five non-South African nationals can be registered. Foreign players who have acquired permanent residency can be registered as locals, namibians born before 1990 do not count as foreigner Bernard Morrison Issa Sarr Tendai Ndoro permanent residency- Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules
Orlando Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium, in Soweto, a suburb of Johannesburg, in Gauteng province in South Africa. In addition to the capacity of 36,761 people, there is an auditorium for 200 people,120 hospitality suites, a gymnasium. The stadium was built for the Johannesburg Bantu Football Association and it had a seating capacity of 24,000. It was opened by the Minister for Bantu development, MC de Wet Nel, although intended for football the stadium has been used for concerts by the Jazz musicians Molombo and by the OJays. Boxing matches were staged including the 1975 victory of Elijah ‘Tap Tap Makhathini over the world welterweight and middleweight champion Emile Griffith. On 16 June 1976 thousands of students marched to Orlando Stadium to protest at having to learn the Afrikaans language. It was intended to be a rally and although it was organised some of the students joined the protest on the day. It was planned to be a peaceful protest by the Soweto Students’ Representative Council’s Action Committee, the marchers got as far as their last meeting point when the police and tear gas arrived. The day ended in deaths and this was the start of the Soweto Uprising, in 1978 the Orlando Pirates took on Phil Venter who had been the first White National Football Association player to play for a black side. He was soon joined by another white player Keith Broad, in 1994 South Africa became democratic and on the anniversary of the Soweto Uprising Nelson Mandela gave a speech at this stadium where he committed the country to look after its children. From 2008 to 2010 the stadium was rebuilt with a steel frame, the stadium hosted a Super 14 Rugby union semi-final in 2010, as well as the 2010 Super 14 Final, a week later. This was due to the Bulls usual home ground Loftus Versfeld Stadium being unavailable, Stadium history Stadium Management South Africa
Platinum Stars F.C.
Platinum Stars are a South African football club based in Phokeng near Rustenburg, North West Province that plays in the Premier Soccer League. The club is owned by the Royal Bafokeng Nation and nicknamed Dikwena. During the same season, the club collected their first major trophy. The club is the descendent of Khakhu Fast XI, that initially were founded as an amateur club in 1937. Along with the new name, a trend also developed to nickname the team as Tycoon Silver Stars. In 1996 the longtime fan and businessman Larry Brookstone, purchased Highlands Park out of a previous bankruptcy, in order to reflect this unique collaboration, the name of the professional club also changed ahead of the 2000–01 season, to HP Silver Stars. After playing four seasons in the National First Division, the club won promotion to play the 2003–04 season in the top flight Premier Soccer League. The clubs first PSL season ended with a respectable 11th place, by the end of the 2006–07 season, the club also managed to win silver medals in the Premier Soccer League. With the arrival of RBN as the new owners, the managing director Larry Brookstone. In 2008, Platinum Stars became the first South African side to beat the Egyptian club Al Ahly, when they won a first leg clash 2–1, at the third round of the African Champions League. The result however only provided some shortly lived success, as Platinum Stars lost the second leg 0–2, meanwhile, the results of the club had also started to falter in PSL, where the club only achieved a 10th place in the 2007–08 season. And the next two seasons brought no improvement, with only a 13th place in 2008–09 and a 14th place in 2009–10. This new building complex was modernized and improved ahead of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, with the facilities being used by England during the tournament. As the ambitions of Platinum Stars were higher than the results in the last three seasons, the club decided to re-employ their former top coach Owen Da Gama, for the current 2010–11 season. In January 2013, Platinum Stars hosted the Algeria national team in a match as part of the latters preparation for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. Algeria won the match 4–1 with Joshua Sauls scoring the goal for Platinum Stars from the penalty spot. In the 2013–14 season, Stars won the MTN8 and the Telkom Knockout, the TKO final was won in spectacular fashion with Mogakolodi Ngele who came in after the 75th minute and scored a brace in the last 12 minutes to win 2–1 after leading 1–0 from the first half. In July 2014, Stars announced that their new technical sponsor replacing Umbro will be Acelli until 2017, the sponsor also gave the club R3 million