Babes in Toyland (band)
Babes in Toyland is an American punk rock band formed in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1987. The band was founded by vocalist and guitarist Kat Bjelland, a native of Oregon, along with drummer Lori Barbero and bassist Michelle Leon, replaced by Maureen Herman in 1992. Babes in Toyland released three studio albums: Spanking Machine, followed by the commercially successful Fontanelle, Nemesisters, before becoming inactive in 1997 and disbanding in 2001. While the band was inspirational to some performers in the riot grrrl movement in the Pacific Northwest, Babes in Toyland never associated themselves with the movement. In 2014, the band reunited, the following year began performing live together for the first time in over a decade, they completed an international tour throughout 2015, during which bassist Herman was fired and replaced with Clara Salyer. Babes in Toyland formed in 1987, after frontwoman Kat Bjelland met drummer Lori Barbero at a friend's barbecue. From Woodburn, Oregon and a former resident of San Francisco, Bjelland had moved to Minneapolis to form a band.
Bjelland was a self-taught guitarist, at the time Barbero had no experience playing any instruments. Bjelland commented: "Hopefully, from being technically inexperienced, you can use your imagination, play the drums like an instrument instead of just being a beat-keeper, and play the bass like you feel it, from your gut, instead of saying,'Here's my scales.'" In its initial formation in 1987, in addition to Bjelland and Barbero, the band included Kris Holetz on bass and singer Cindy Russell. Following the departures of Holetz and Russell, it was believed that the band recruited Bjelland's friend and former bandmate, Courtney Love, on bass, as Love claimed to have been "kicked out" of the band. However, during a 2015 interview and Barbero refuted this, with Barbero stating: "She lived in my house, one time I think when we were rehearsing she came down and picked up something and tried to play and we were just like, "get out of here." However, Michelle Leon, hired as the group's bass player, claimed that she was replaced by Love as bassist shortly after joining.
After the group rehearsed with Love on "a couple" of occasions, Leon stated Barbero called her and asked her to re-join the band. It has been noted that several songs from the Babes In Toyland's debut album shared lyrics and verses with several songs by Hole, most notably Hole's first several singles, including b-sides from "Retard Girl" and "Dicknail"; the group began performing shows at local art galleries and other venues in late 1987. Local journalist Jon Bream recalled: "They were a sort of loud, angry, obnoxious thing at first and amateurish in a sense, and they developed over time into something, pretty amazing... The shows just seemed to make more sense. There was a focus there... They were able to connect with the audience." In 1989, they released their first single, "Dust Cake Boy", through Sub Pop records' singles club in 1989. The band entered the studio in 1989 to record their debut album, Spanking Machine, recorded with grunge producer Jack Endino at Seattle's Reciprocal Recording and released in April 1990 on Minneapolis' Twin/Tone Records.
The album caught the attention of underground rock band Sonic Youth, whose frontman Thurston Moore invited the band to perform on Sonic Youth's 1990 European tour to promote their latest album, Goo. Babes in Toyland subsequently performed alongside Sonic Youth at 1991's Reading Festival, documented in Dave Markey's music documentary, 1991: The Year Punk Broke. British DJ John Peel was a fan of the album, citing it as his "favourite album of 1990." During the band's tour with Sonic Youth in 1990, Babes in Toyland recorded a radio session for John Peel, one of the many Peel Sessions. The band completed a second session with Peel in 1991, the sessions were released as The Peel Sessions — the band's second EP — in 1992, their first EP, To Mother, was composed of outtakes from Spanking Machine and was released in July 1991. After touring in 1991, the band entered the studio for a second time to record their major label follow-up to Spanking Machine. Bassist Michelle Leon left the group in early 1992, shortly after the death of her boyfriend, Joe Cole.
Maureen Herman was recruited as her replacement. With this new line-up, the band signed with Warner Bros.'s Reprise Records. Their second studio album, Fontanelle was recorded in Cannon Falls, Minnesota and in New York City, featured production for Sonic Youth's Lee Ranaldo. Fontanelle was released in 1992, sold over 250,000 copies in the United States alone; the lead single on the album, "Bruise Violet," is said to be an attack on Courtney Love. However, Bjelland denied this, saying instead that "Violet" was the name of a muse to both her and Love. A music video for "Bruise Violet" was shot in the SoHo loft of photographer Cindy Sherman, who appears in the video as Bjelland's doppelganger. Sherman's photos appear on the covers of Fontanelle and the group's second EP, the imagery was recreated on stage banners with the artist's permission. In 1993, the band was chosen to take part in that year's Lollapalooza tour, playing alongside such acts as Primus, Alice in Chains, Dinosaur Jr. and Rage Against the Machine.
During dates at Lollapalooza, the band released their third and final EP, Painkillers, in June 1993. In 1994, journalist Neal Karlen began writing Babes in Toyland: The Making and Selling of a Rock and Roll Band, which dealt with the band's signing to Warner and the recording of Fontanelle. Commenting on the book in retrospect, Bjelland s
Jebediah are an Australian alternative rock band formed in 1994 in Perth, Western Australia. They were formed by Chris Daymond on lead guitar, Kevin Mitchell on lead vocals and rhythm guitar, Vanessa Thornton on bass guitar, they were joined a year by Kevin's older brother, Brett Mitchell, on drums. After winning the National Campus Band Competition, the group were brought to national attention when their 1996 single "Jerks of Attention" received heavy airplay on Australian alternative radio station, Triple J –, followed by their breakthrough debut album, Slightly Odway; the band released four studio albums by 2004: three entered the top ten on the ARIA Albums Chart. After touring to celebrate their tenth anniversary, the band went on hiatus in 2005. Kevin Mitchell continued solo work under Bob Evans. Kevin appeared on a self-titled album in July 2010 by the Basement Birds, a supergroup which he formed with fellow musicians, Kavyen Temperley, Josh Pyke and Steve Parkin. Jebediah reconvened in 2010 and released their fifth studio album, Kosciuszko, in the following year, which charted in the ARIA top ten.
Jebediah was formed in Perth in 1994 by Chris Daymond on lead guitar, Almin Fulurija on drums, Kevin Mitchell on vocals and rhythm guitar, Vanessa Thornton on bass guitar. They are named after Jebediah Springfield, the fictional founder of Springfield on the American TV cartoon series, The Simpsons. Daymond and Mitchell had met in a theatre class at Leeming High School in their final year, while Daymond and Thornton knew each other from childhood and had been members of Hybrid. By early 1995, Kevin's older brother, Brett Mitchell, replaced Fulurija because the latter would not turn up to practice sessions, Brett had been a drummer with various groups including The Jerk Offs. In May that year Jebediah performed their first gig, for a Leeming High School formal, at the Perth Sheraton Hotel, where they played cover versions of material by Green Day, Pearl Jam and The Smashing Pumpkins, one original, they won the Western Australian semi-finals of the 1995 Australian National Campus Band Competition and in October they won the national final in Lismore.
This led to an opening slot on the Summersault Music Festival before high-profile bands, Beastie Boys, Foo Fighters and Sonic Youth. Brett explained in a 2011 interview: "In the early days, everything was just a bit of a shock... to us. In August 1996 Jebediah issued their debut five-track extended play, produced by Chris Dickie. According to Australian musicologist, Ian McFarlane, Twitch contained "quirky tracks like'Mister Masonic' and'Tracksuit' and was a strong taster for the band's fuzzy pop". In April that year they had signed to Murmur, a subsidiary label of Sony Music, on the basis of their live performances, they followed with a national tour alongside Snout, Automatic. In 2004 Daymon recalled "our first EP came out through Murmur. Right from the start we never self-financed any of our early material... Thinking about it now, over the years, a lot of being in a band – for us – is touring and playing the shows. At the West Australian Music Industry Awards of 1996 they won their first WAMi for Best Stage Presence.
Twitch debuted at number one on the local Perth singles chart. It appeared on the ARIA Singles Chart in the top 100. Jebediah's first single, "Jerks of Attention", was released in December 1996 and appeared on the ARIA Singles Chart top 100 in the following month, it received national airplay on the Triple J radio network. The group's appearances at Homebake and the Big Day Out concerts as well as support slots for Soundgarden, The Presidents of the United States of America and You Am I, further raised their public profile. Another single, "Leaving Home", was issued in June and reached the top 50; the group won two WAMi awards in 1997: Most Popular Band and Most Popular Song for "Jerks of Attention". In September Jebediah issued their first studio album, Slightly Odway, with Neill King producing; the album's title is "a comment on the odd way they feel they approach life as well as music". It remained in the top 50 for 54 weeks. Popular tracks included "Leaving Home" and the third single, "Military Strongmen".
Odway reached number two on the ARIA alternative charts, within four months it was certified gold. Jonathan Lewis of Allmusic felt it showed them "as a talented young band, despite the flimsy songwriting and the lack of light and shade on the album". While Greg Lawrence at WHAMMO.com.au noted that it provides "a mature, complete range – from the early-penned punk mayhem of'Blame' to the delicacy of the'Twilight=Dusk', from the dark tones of'Jerks of Attention' to the bright strains of radio hit'Leaving Home'. The album does a great job of capturing the amazing live dynamic of the band"."Leaving Home" was rated number 10 in the Triple J Hottest 100 music poll for 1997. Odway received a double-platinum certificate, with two more top 50 singles, "Teflon" and "Harpoon", adding to the group's chart success. Murmur label mates, Something for Kate, provided a cover version of "Harpoon" on the EP. Murmur issued a split-EP with both versions of "Harpoon" bac
Triple J is a government-funded, national Australian radio station intended to appeal to listeners of alternative music, which began broadcasting in January 1975. The station places a greater emphasis on broadcasting Australian content compared to commercial stations. Triple J is a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2JJ commenced broadcasting at 11:00 am, Sunday 19 January 1975, at 1540 kHz on the AM band. The new Australian Broadcasting Corporation station was given the official call-sign 2JJ, but soon became known as Double J; the station was restricted to the greater Sydney region, its local reception was hampered by inadequate transmitter facilities. However, its frequency was a clear channel nationally, so it was heard at night throughout south-eastern Australia. After midnight the station would use ABC networks – during their off air time slot – to increase its broadcasting range, its first broadcast demonstrated a determination to distinguish itself from other Australian radio stations.
The first on-air presenter, DJ Holger Brockmann, notably used his own name. Owing to 2SM's restrictive policies at the time, whose real name was considered "too foreign-sounding", had been forced to work using the pseudonym "Bill Drake" in prior positions. After an introductory audio collage that featured sounds from the countdown and launch of Apollo 11, Brockmann launched the station's first-ever broadcast with the words, "Wow, we're away!", cued The Skyhooks' You Just Like Me'Cos I'm Good in Bed. The choice of a Skyhooks song to introduce the station was significant, as it represented several important features of the Double Jay brand at the time. Choosing an Australian band reflected Double J's commitment to Australian content at a time when American acts dominated commercial pop stations. Most notably, the song was one of several tracks from the Skyhooks' album, banned from airplay on commercial radio by the industry's peak body; because Double J was a government-funded station operating under the umbrella of the ABC, it was not bound by commercial-radio censorship codes, was not answerable to advertisers or the station owners.
In contrast, their Sydney rival, 2SM, was owned by a holding company controlled by the Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney, resulting in the ban or editing of numerous songs.2JJ was a product of the progressive media policies of the Whitlam Government of 1972–75, combined influences from several earlier ABC programs, such as "Room to Move", as well as the freewheeling programming policies of British pirate radio and BBC Radio 1, created to target the pirate radio audience. The inspiration gained from the UK led to Double J adopting the tradition of weekly, live-in-the-studio performances by pop and rock bands. Gough Whitlam was unable to fulfill his aspiration for the establishment of a "National Youth Radio Network", as he was controversially sacked.2JJ presenter, the first female DJ on Australian pop radio, Gayle Austin, completing a Master of Arts on Triple J's first 16 years in 2005, explained that 2JJ staff had heard of other motivations for the founding of the station: Word was the Whitlam government wanted to set the station up to woo young voters.
We heard that the ABC was worried about its audience dying off and wanted a station for young people who would grow up to be ABC listeners. Additionally, the station was one of a series of innovations that stemmed from the recommendations in the McLean Report of 1974; these included expanding radio broadcasting onto the FM band, issuing a new class of broadcasting license which permitted the establishment of community radio stations, the creation of two new stations for the ABC — 2JJ in Sydney and the short-lived 3ZZ in Melbourne. By the time 2JJ went to air, the Whitlam government was in its final months of office. Marius Webb, one of the station's co-ordinators recalls an ABC executive informing him: "You'll be on the air by January. Thank you much, I've got another meeting." On 11 November 1975, Whitlam's commission was revoked by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, sparking a double dissolution of parliament. In the subsequent 1975 federal election, Labor was defeated by the Liberal-National Party coalition, led by Malcolm Fraser.
During the more conservative media climate that emerged in the Fraser years, 2JJ staff were accused of left-wing bias. 2JJ was intended to be the first link in Whitlam's planned national youth network. It was a historic moment in Australian radio, when the station decided to hire a female disc jockey and, excluding the first experimental FM licences, was granted the first new radio licence issued in any Australian capital city since 1932. In its early years 2JJ's on-air staff were recruited from either commercial radio or other ABC stations. In another first, the roster featured presenters who did not come from a radio industry background, including singer-songwriters Bob Hudson and John J. Francis, actor Lex Marinos. Francis commenced broadcasting in the Saturday midnight-to-dawn shift in 1975, the program became so popular that it was expanded to include Friday and Sunday nights two years later; the foundation staff of January 1975 were: Webb and Ron Moss, Ros Cheney, David Ives, Sam Collins, Holger Brockman, Caroline Pringle, Bob Hudson, Mike Parker, Iven Walker, Arnold Frolows, Di Auburn, Margot Edwards, George "
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Powderfinger were an Australian rock band formed in Brisbane in 1989. From 1992 until their break-up in 2010 the line-up consisted of vocalist Bernard Fanning, guitarists Darren Middleton and Ian Haug, bass guitarist John Collins, drummer Jon Coghill; the group's third studio album Internationalist peaked at No. 1 on the ARIA Albums Chart in September 1998. They followed with four more number-one studio albums in a row: Odyssey Number Five, Vulture Street, Dream Days at the Hotel Existence, Golden Rule, their Top Ten hit singles are "My Happiness", " On My Mind", "Lost and Running". Powderfinger earned a total of eighteen ARIA Awards, making them the second-most awarded band behind Silverchair. Ten Powderfinger albums and DVDs certified multiple-platinum, with Odyssey Number Five – their most successful album – achieving eightfold platinum certification for shipment of over 560,000 units. After the release of their first DVD, These Days: Live in Concert, the compilation album Fingerprints: The Best of Powderfinger, 1994–2000, the group announced a hiatus in 2005.
The June 2007 announcement of a two-month-long nationwide tour with Silverchair, Across the Great Divide tour, followed the release of Dream Days at the Hotel Existence. Powderfinger were involved in various philanthropic causes. In 2005, they performed at a WaveAid concert in Sydney, to help raise funds for areas affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. Another performance at the Sydney Opera House in October 2007 raised funds for breast cancer victims and their families. One aim of their Across the Great Divide Tour was to promote the efforts of Reconciliation Australia, awareness of the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children. In April 2010 Powderfinger announced that they would be breaking up after their Sunsets Farewell Tour, declaring it would be their last as they had musically said everything they wanted to say. On 13 November, 2010, they played their last concert. In November the following year, rock music journalist Dino Scatena and Powderfinger published a biography, Footprints: the inside story of Australia's best loved band.
Powderfinger were formed in 1989 by Steven Bishop on drums, John Collins on bass guitar, Ian Haug on guitar and vocals. The Eternal, The Vibrants, The Fossils were other Brisbane-based outfits. All three members of Powderfinger were students at Brisbane Grammar School – a private school in Spring Hill – and they started as a cover band playing pub rock classics by The Rolling Stones, The Doors, Led Zeppelin, Steppenwolf and Neil Young; the band's name comes from Young's song of the same name. Despite their popularity in Brisbane, when playing a heavy metal gig in Newcastle in 1990, Powderfinger were booed off stage. After completing secondary education and Haug attended the University of Queensland, where the latter met Bernard Fanning in an economics class – and learned that Fanning had similar interests in music and could sing. Fanning took over the role of lead vocals from Haug and provided guitar and harmonica. Late in 1990, Jon Coghill – another university student with Fanning and Haug – replaced Bishop on drums, described as a "mutual leaving".
Bishop worked in London-based bands before returning to Brisbane where he was a member of Moonjuice and The Haymakers. Powderfinger's final line-up change was in 1992 with the addition of Darren Middleton on guitar and backing vocals. Powderfinger performed cover versions of other artists' songs, but developed by writing and performing their own material. In August 1992, the group self-funded a seven-track self-titled extended play known as the Blue EP, on their own Finger label, the album was distributed by MDS, it was produced by Leroy Bath and Ian Taylor, recorded at Broken Toys Studios, Brisbane. The EP has an early version of "Save Your Skin", co-written by Coghill, Haug and Fanning, their second EP, was issued in September 1993 and distributed by Polydor Records. At that time, Simon McKenzie of Time Off noted they were "hoping the major label will put a bit of weight behind the disc, but it's not as though they've signed a record deal or anything". McKenzie felt the EP showed they were "wanting to get heavier and louder for a long time, but is it a reaction against the sixties tags they've been stuck with?".
The five tracks include "Reap What You Sow", which reached the No. 1 spot on the ARIA Alternative Singles Chart, replacing Nirvana's "Heart-Shaped Box". The group recorded their first music video, for "Reap What You Sow". After the EP's success, the group were signed by Polydor. In January 1994, Powderfinger performed on the Big Day Out Tour. On 18 July that year, they released their debut studio album, Parables for Wooden Ears, under Polydor. According to Australian rock music historian Ian McFarlane, it "featured complex, meticulously crafted rock but was somewhat ponderous and sombre, which did little to fulfil the promise displayed on Transfusion"; the album was produced by Tony Cohen, Fanning described it as the band's "dark dark days". It received limited radio coverage. Supporting the album's release, the band toured appearing at the Livid and Homebake music festivals. Powderfinger supported United States visitors Pantera on that gr
Dinosaur Jr. is an American rock band formed in Amherst, Massachusetts, in 1984 simply called Dinosaur until legal issues forced a change in name. The band was founded by J Mascis, Lou Barlow, Murph. After three albums on independent labels earned the band a reputation as one of the formative influences on American alternative rock. Creative tension led to Mascis firing Barlow, who formed Sebadoh and Folk Implosion, his replacement, Mike Johnson came aboard for three major-label albums. Murph quit, with Mascis taking over drum duties on the band's albums before the group disbanded in 1997; the original lineup reformed in 2005. Mascis's drawling vocals and distinct guitar sound, hearkening back to 1960s and 1970s classic rock and characterized by extensive use of feedback and distortion, were influential in the alternative rock movement of the 1990s. Mascis and Barlow played together, on drums and guitar in the hardcore punk band Deep Wound, formed in 1982 while the pair were attending high school in western Massachusetts.
After high school, they began exploring slower yet still aggressive music such as Black Sabbath, the Replacements, Neil Young. Mascis' college friend Gerard Cosloy introduced him to psychedelic-influenced pop bands like Dream Syndicate, which Mascis in turn showed to Barlow. Barlow explained, "We loved speed metal...and we loved wimpy-jangly stuff". Deep Wound broke up in mid-1984. Cosloy had dropped out of the University of Massachusetts Amherst to focus on running his independent record label, Homestead Records, promised Mascis that if he were to make a record Homestead would release it. Mascis wrote a number of songs by himself and showed them to Barlow, to whom he offered the bassist position. Barlow said the songs "were fucking brilliant... They were so far beyond. I was still into two-chord songs and basic stuff like'I'm so sad.' While I was into my own little tragedy, J was operating in this whole other panorama." Mascis enlisted vocalist Charlie Nakajima formerly of Deep Wound, drummer Emmett Patrick Murphy, otherwise known as Murph, to complete the band.
Mascis explained the concept behind the group as "ear-bleeding country". The band was named Mogo, played their first show on University of Massachusetts Amherst campus in the first week of September 1984. However, Nakajima used the performance to launch an extended anti-police tirade. Mascis was so appalled by Nakajima's behavior at the show. A few days Mascis invited Barlow and Murph to form a new band without telling Nakajima. "I was kind of too wimpy to kick him out, exactly," Mascis admitted. "Communicating with people has been a constant problem in the band." The trio named themselves Dinosaur, Mascis and Barlow took over lead-vocal duties. Mascis took Cosloy up on his offer to release an album and Dinosaur recorded their debut album for $500 at a home studio in the woods outside Northampton, Massachusetts, their debut album, was released in 1985. The music was eclectic and revealed a combination of musical styles, unusual for the mid-1980s: the speed of hardcore punk, Crazy Horse-style garage rock and monolithic Black Sabbath-style metal riffs, folk rock, twangy country-rock and the dour moods of gothic music.
On the band's albums, these elements would be combined into single songs, but on the debut album, each individual song is different stylistically. All of this was delivered with the extreme level of volume and distortion that would become part of the band's signature style. Mascis wrote all of the songs; some of the singing was done by Mascis in his trademark nasal drawl, but the majority of the lead vocals were by Lou Barlow. Mascis would sing all of the lead vocals on all of their subsequent releases; the album did not make much of an impact commercially or critically: it sold only about 1,500 copies in its first year and was ignored by the majority of the music press. After the record's release, Dinosaur would drive to New York City to perform shows. At one of their shows, the New York-based alternative rock band Sonic Youth was at first unimpressed by the first Dinosaur performance they saw, but after watching them play several months approached the band declaring themselves as fans. Sonic Youth invited Dinosaur to join them on tour in the American Northeast and northern Midwest in September 1986.
Dinosaur recorded much of their second album You're Living All Over Me with Sonic Youth engineer Wharton Tiers in New York. During the recording process, tension emerged between Mascis and Murph because Mascis had specific ideas for the drum parts. Barlow recalled, "J controlled Murph's every drumbeat... And Murph could not handle that. Murph wanted to kill J for the longest time." Gerard Cosloy was excited by the completed album, but was devastated when Mascis told him the band was going to release it on California-based SST Records. Mascis was reluctant to sign a two-album deal with Homestead, but Cosloy felt betrayed, "There was no way I couldn't take it personally." After the album's completion Mascis moved to New York, leaving the rest of the band feeling alienated. You're Living All Over Me was released in 1987; the album received much more attention in the indie-rock community than the debut. While the previous record had featured different musical styles for each song, You're Living All Over Me found the band's various disparate influences merging into each individual song.
You Am I
You Am I are an Australian alternative rock band, fronted by lead singer-songwriter-guitarist, Tim Rogers. They formed in December 1989 and are the first Australian band to have released three successive albums, which have each debuted at the number-one position on the ARIA Albums Chart: Hi Fi Way, Daily and #4 Record. Nine of their tracks appeared on the related ARIA Singles Chart top 50 with "What I Don't Know'bout You", their highest charting, at No. 28. You Am; the band have supported international artists such as The Who, The Rolling Stones, Sonic Youth and Oasis. You Am I's second studio album, Hi Fi Way, appeared in the eighth position in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums, their third album, Daily was listed at number fifty five. The same two releases were voted into the "Hottest 100 Australian Albums of All Time" list compiled by Australian youth radio station, Triple J, in 2011. Fourteen of their songs have been placed on the related annual Hottest 100 lists with "Heavy Heart", the highest at No. 9.
You Am I were formed in Sydney in December 1989 by Tim Rogers on vocals, guitar and Hammond organ. Tim Rogers and Tischler were old school mates. At an early gig, a fan provided "a big spiritual spiel about'.... I am you... you am i...'. The band took that as the inspiration for the working title" for the group's name; this initial line-up was short-lived, Jaimme left before the end of the following year after a "fight" with Tim, he was replaced by Mark Tunaley on drums. In the band's 1993 song, "Jaimme's Got a Gal", Tim explained. You Am I signed with an independent label, Timberyard Records, in May 1991 issued a six-track extended play, Snake Tide, it was recorded in February at Electric Avenue Studios with Phil Punch as engineer, mixer and co-producer with the group. Australian musicologist, Ian McFarlane, described the EP as "rough hewn". You Am I appeared at the inaugural Big Day Out concert, held in Sydney in January 1992. By April 1992 Tischler had left the band "because he didn't think he could fulfill Tim's vision".
He was replaced by Andy Kent, on bass guitar. In May they released a five-track EP, produced by Tom Kazas. An alternate nine-track version of Goddamn, expanded by adding four tracks from Snake Tide, was issued. McFarlane declared that "By that stage, Rogers had established his credentials as a fine songwriter and the band a reputation as an exciting, dynamic live act."By mid-1992 they had signed with another independent label, rooArt Records, on their subsidiary rA Records, distributed by WEA. The group released their third EP, Can't Get Started, as a five-track set in October 1992, co-produced by the band with David Price. Before the end of the year You Am. Late in 1992 Tim Rogers sent samples of You Am I's releases to Lee Ranaldo of American rock group, Sonic Youth. In January of the following year both groups appeared at the second Big Day Out festival in Sydney, Melbourne and Perth. While in Sydney, Ranaldo co-produced You Am I's five-track EP, issued in April. McFarlane opined that it was "bursting with kinetic energy and first-rate songs."
You Am." You Am I travelled to Cannon Falls, using Sonic Youth's Pachyderm Recording Studios. For eight days Ranaldo produced their debut album, Sound as Ever, with Wayne Connolly as audio engineer, it appeared on the ARIA Albums Chart top 100. Mark Morgenstein of AllMusic felt the work "shows this power trio in top form, with enthusiastic backing to well-written songs... was a little more consistent, this would be a classic."In May 2013 Rogers reminisced, "I lost an important person to cancer who I still think about every day and that experience pretty much coloured the whole record." He referred to his mentor, Stephen "Goose" Gray of Sydney-based rock group, Box the Jesuit, who had died of lymphoma in August 1993. " would have wanted me to stay in America to finish the album so that's what I did. But there's no nostalgia or good feelings about that time."In October 1993 ahead of the album's release, Tunaley was "fired from the band with a simple phone call." He had "wanted to play heavier music", however Kent and Rogers "wanted to play a more pop based rock".
Rogers considered disbanding the group but continued with Russell Hopkinson on drums and backing vocals. At the ARIA Music Awards of 1994 in March they won the newly created category, Best Alternative Release for Sound as Ever. Sound as Ever provided three singles, "Adam's Ribs", "Berlin Chair" and "Jaimme's Got a Gal". All three received high rotation on national youth radio station, Triple J. For seven days during mid-September 1994 You Am I decamped to New York. Again they worked as producer, to record their second album, Hi Fi Way. Ahead of the album, in November 1994, they issued a limited pressing of "When You Got Dry"/"How Much Is Enough" as a double-A sided vinyl single. "Cathy's Clown" was released as a single in early February, which peaked at No. 36 on the ARIA Singles Chart. Hi Fi Way rea