Bilgä Qaghan was the fourth Qaghan of Second Turkic Khaganate. His accomplishments were described in the Orkhon inscriptions; as was the custom, his personal name and the name after assuming the title Qaghan were different. His personal name was recorded in Chinese characters as 阿史那默棘連, his name after assuming the title was Bilgä Qaγan.. He was called Tengri-born Turk Bilge Kagan, in Orkhon inscriptions, he was born in 683, just in early years of the khaganate. He campaigned alongside his father from early years as a child, he was created as Tardush given command over western wing of empire in 697 by Qapaghan. He managed to annihilate Wei Yuanzhong's army in 701 with his brother, he reconquered Basmyl tribes in 703. He subdued Yenisei Kyrgyz forces in 709, after their disobedience had to reconquer and kill their Qaghan in 710, he killed Türgesh khagan Suoge at Battle of Bolchu. In years of Qapaghan, he had to fight four battles in a year starting from 714, resubduing tribes and nearly was killed in an ambush from Uyghur forces in 716.
In 716, Qapaghan Qaghan, the second Qaghan, was killed in his campaign against the Toquz Oghuz alliance and his severed head was sent to Chang'an. Although his son Inel Khagan succeeded him, Bilgä's brother Kul Tigin and Tonyukuk carried out a coup d'état against Inel Qaghan, they made him Bilgä Qaghan. His name means "wise king", he appointed his brother Kul Tigin to be Left Wise Prince, which made second most powerful person in realm. He resubdued Huige in 716. Appointed his father-in-law Tonyukuk to be Master Strategist. New reforms and stabilization of regime caused tribes. Tang chancellor Wang Jun, believing that the Göktürks who surrendered would try to flee back to the Göktürk state, suggested that they be forcibly moved into the heart of the empire to prevent them from doing so. Before Wang's suggestion could be acted upon, there was an uprising by the Göktürks who surrendered, under the leadership of Xiedie Sitai and Axilan. Xue and Wang tried to intercept them and dealt them defeats, but they were able to flee back to the Göktürk state anyway.
This defeat led to Xue Ne's retirement. At some point in his life, he wanted settle in cities. However, Tonyukuk discouraged him from this, citing Tujue's small numbers and vulnerability to Chinese attack. While Turks' power rested on their mobility, conversion to Buddhism would bring pacifism among population. Therefore, sticking to Tengriism was necessary to survive. In 720, Wang believed that the Pugu and Xiedie tribes of the region were planning to defect to Eastern Tujue and attack with Eastern Tujue troops, he thus held a feast and invited the chieftains. He attacked the Pugu and Xiedie tribes in the area, nearly wiping them out, he proposed a plan to attack Qaghan along with the Baximi, Xi, Khitan. Emperor Xuanzong recruited Qapaghan Khagan's sons Bilgä Tigin and Mo Tigin, Yenisei Kyrgyz Qaghan Kutluk Bilgä Qaghan and Huoba Guiren to fight against Tujue. Tonyukuk cunningly launched first attack on Baximi in 721 autumn crushing them. Meanwhile, Bilgä raided Gansu; that year Khitans, next year Xi were crushed.
In 726, his father-in-law and chancellor Tonyukuk died. In 727, he sent Buyruk Chor as en emissary to Xuanzong to send 30 horses as gift, he alarmed him of Me Agtsom's proposal of anti-Tang alliance. This alarm proved to be true when Tibetan general We Tadra Khonglo invaded Tang China in 727, sack Guazhou, Changle and Anxi. On 27 February 731, Kul Tigin died, for which Qaghan ordered a great funeral ceremony. In 733, he defeated rebellious Khitan tribes. Just after sending an emissary to Xuanzong to gain heqin alliance, he was poisoned by Buyruk Chor, he did not die and he had time to punish the family of Buyruk Chor with death. He died on 25 November 734, his burial ceremony took place on 22 June 735, he was married to Tonyukuk's daughter. He had several issues: Ashina Yiran Ashina Kutluk 2 unnamed sons who both became puppet Qaghans under Kutluk Yabgu Khagan A daughter, married to Suluk Po Beg - submitted to Tang after 744. After his death from poisoning, several steles were erected in the capital area by the Orkhon River.
These Orkhon inscriptions are the first known texts in the Old Turkic language. Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. II, pp. 16–17 The National Museum of Mongolian History: The early Turk Empire and the Uighurs Bilge Kagan Inscriptions complete text
Winters is a surname, may refer to the following people: Alan Winters, British development economist Alex Winters, Welsh children's television presenter and actor Ben H. Winters, American author, journalist and playwright Bernie Winters, English comedian Bill Winters, American banker Bob Winters, comic juggler and occasional actor Brendan Winters, American former basketball player Brian Winters, former player and head coach in the NBA Charles Winters, American who smuggled B-17 bombers to Israel in 1948 Chet Winters, former running back in the National Football League Chuck Winters, former Canadian footballer Clarence Winters, professional baseball pitcher Dan Winters, American portrait photographer, illustrator and writer David Winters Dave Winters, former Illinois politician David J. Winters, deep value investor and fund manager in Maine Dean Winters, American television actor Eddie Winters, American police officer and politician Frank Winters, known as Frank "Coddy" Winters, ice hockey player Frank Winters, former center in the NFL Fred Winters, Canadian male volleyball player Frederick Winters, American weightlifter and Olympic medalist Ian Winters, Scottish footballer Jeffrey A. Winters, American political scientist Jesse Winters John D. Winters, historian John Winters, English former professional footballer Jonathan Winters, American comedic actor Joseph Winters Kenneth W. Winters, Kentucky legislator Larry Winters, American professional wrestler and trainer Lawrence Winters, opera singer Leo Winters, Oklahoma politician Mark Winters, former boxer from Northern Ireland Matt Winters, former professional baseball player from Buffalo, New York Michael Sean Winters, American journalist and writer Michael Winters Mike & Bernie Winters, double-act of British comedians Mike Winters, umpire in Major League Baseball Nathan Winters, American politician, Wyoming Nip Winters, pitcher in Negro league baseball Patrick Winters, Irish-born Pallottine priest Paul Winters, American filmmaker and actor Philip C.
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Lauren Williams is a Canadian professional women's ice hockey player for the Worcester Blades of the Canadian Women's Hockey League. An alumna of the Wisconsin Badgers women's ice hockey program, Williams was the first pick overall in the 2018 CWHL Draft by the Blades. Williams won a gold medal with Team Ontario Blue at the 2012 Canadian U18 National Championships. Williams joined the University of Wisconsin for the 2014–15 season. In her senior year, Williams was named an alternate captain. Williams was selected by the Worcester Blades with the first pick overall in the 2018 CWHL Draft; as the first overall pick, the Blades pre-signed her for the 2018–19 season. She was named the Blades only participant of the 4th Canadian Women's Hockey League All-Star Game. Source: Academic All-Big Ten team WCHA All-Academic Team WCHA Scholar Athlete Williams majored in sociology and psychology at the University of Wisconsin. With teammate Annie Pankowski, the two volunteered with Occupaws, an organization that trains guide dogs for the visually impaired in Wisconsin and bordering states.
Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or The Internet Hockey Database
Chellis Glendinning is an author and social-change activist. She is noted as a pioneer in the field of ecopsychology, a proponent of bioregional land-based culture, a critic of technological society having worked with such contemporaries as Jerry Mander, Vandana Shiva, Stephanie Mills, Kirkpatrick Sale. In 2007 Glendinning’s bilingual folk opera De Un Lado Al Otro, was presented at the Lensic Performing Arts Center in Santa Fe, New Mexico, directed by Robert Castro with music composed and provided by Cipriano Vigil. Glendinning graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in social sciences in 1969, at which time she was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa, her papers are housed in the Labadie Collection of the University of Michigan. My Name Is Chellis and I’m in Recovery from Western Civilization. Gabriola BC Canada: New Society Publishers/New Catalyst/ Sustainability Classics, 2007. Chiva: A Village Takes on the Global Heroin Trade. New Society Publishers, 2005. Off the Map: An Expedition Deep into Empire and the Global Economy, New Society Publishers, 2002.
A Map: From the Old Connecticut Path to the Rio Grande Valley and All the Meaning In between. Great Barrington MA: E. F. Schumacher Society, 1999; when Technology Wounds. New York: William Morrow, 1990. Waking Up in the Nuclear Age. William Morrow, 1987. Anarcho-primitivism Deep ecology Official website Blog
Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc. or VHB is a multidisciplinary American civil engineering consulting and design firm headquartered in Watertown, Massachusetts with offices throughout the country. The company was founded in 1978 by Bob Vanasse, Rich Hangen, Robert S. Brustlin, William J. Roache, John Kennedy; the company focuses on transportation and land development. VHB was a finalist in the US DOT Safety Visualization Challenge. VHB works on a variety of transportation civil engineering projects in the Northeast and along the east coast. VHB was the lead project manager for the South Coast Rail project. In 2018, VHB received a Bronze Engineering Excellence Award from the American Council of Engineering Companies for their work on South Coast Rail bridges. VHB is developing the permitting and environmental review for the Brooklyn–Queens Connector. In 2018 VHB ranked 69th on the Engineering News-Record ranking of the Top Design Firms. In 2019 they ranked 62nd. In the Engineering News-Record 2019 top design firms by sector, VHB ranked #5 in Massachusetts, #3 in New Hampshire, #2 in Rhode Island and #1 in Vermont.
In 2018 VHB was named as the Women in Transportation Employer of the Year. In 2009 VHB opened an office in Albany, NY. In 2010 VHB acquired New York based Saccardi & Schiff and Orlando based MSCW. In 2011 VHB acquired New York based Eng-Wong, Taub & Associates. In 2012 VHB opened an office in Maine. IN 2013 VHB acquired NC based Martin/Alexiou/Bryson. In 2015 VHB acquired Orlando based GMB Engineers & Planners Inc. In 2019 VHB acquired VT based The Johnson Company. South Coast Rail Norwottuck Rail Trail Bridge
Gozel Muradovna Nuraliyeva is a Turkmenistani politician and journalist. She was born in 1954 in the village of Homaý of the Boldumsaz District of the Daşoguz Province. Nuraliyeva graduated from the Turkmen State University, majoring in Russian Literature, she began her career in 1977. Taking various positions in the mass media of the Turkmen SSR and Turkmenistan in the 1980s and 1990s. From 1981 to 1986 she worked as a correspondent, head of the department of the newspaper Tashauzskaya Pravda. In 1986–1988 worked as instructor of the Daşoguz city committee of the Communist Party of USSR. From 1988 to 1990 she was a student of the Leningrad Higher Party School. In 1990–1991, she was in charge of the sector of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. From 1991 to 1992 worked as a leading specialist of the State Printing Committee. In 1995 she joined Radio Corporation of Turkmenistan. In 2003 she was appointed minister of culture and information, at the same time becoming deputy chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers.
11 August 2004 dismissed for health reasons. Medal "Watana bolan söýgüsi üçin" Medal "Gaýrat" Jubilee Medal "20 years of Independence of Turkmenistan"