Abos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Abosiens or Abosiennes. Abos is located 15 km north-west of Pau and 20 km southeast of Lescar, on the left bank of the Gave de Pau, the north east boundary of the commune. Highway D2 passes through the commune; the southeastern boundary of the commune is formed by Highway D229. The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, with the Gave de Pau in the northeast and a number of streams in the commune feed into the La Baise river and Juscle. Bagneres Cap de Castel Chateau of Abos Idernes Le Moulin d'en Bas Le Moulin d'en Haut Peyré Saint-Laurent The name Abos is mentioned in 1116 and 1234 and in the 13th century, it appears in the forms: Abossium Abos Abous Abos (1630 Pierre de Marca and in 1750 on the Cassini Map. Michel Grosclaude proposed a Latin etymology of Avus with the aquitaine suffix -ossum; the commune name in Béarnais is Abòs.
Aubrun was a farm in Abos, mentioned in 1538 as La boyrie aperade d'Aubrun, Reformation of Béarn B. 637 in the 1863 dictionary. Cap de Castel is a hamlet in Abos mentioned by the dictionary in 1863. Paul Raymond said in 1863 that the Chateau of Abos or Castet-d'Abos, was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. Donadon was a fief under the Viscounts of Béarn, mentioned in 1538; the fief of Idernes was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and appeared in the forms: Ydernas and Ydernes. Maucor was a fief of Abos, cited with the spelling of L'ostau de Maucoo in 1385 in the Census of Béarn; this fief was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn restored to the Bailiwick of Lagor and Pardies as was Saint Jean, another fief of Abos mentioned in 1385 in the form of L'ostau de Sent-Johan d'Abos. Saint-Laurent, a hamlet and fief of Abos under the Viscounts of Béarn, was restored to the Bailiwick of Lagor and Pardies, it was mentioned in the forms Sent-Laurentz d'Abos and Saint-Laurens d'Abos. Paul Raymond noted that the commune had a Lay Abbey a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and in 1385, Abos depended on the bailiwick of Lagos and Pardies with 49 fires.
The Lord of Abos was of the first rank after the Barons of Béarn. List of Successive Mayors of Abos The town is a member of nine inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Lacq SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of the baïse AEP union for the Gave and the baïse. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Jurançon AOC and Béarn AOC vineyard regions. Activity in the commune is agricultural; the commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty. The 2006 classification of INSEE, indicated the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households ranked Abos at 7513, for an income of €18,000 per person; the Church of Saint John the Baptist dates to the 19th century. The town has a primary school. Didier Courrèges is a French horseman, a former high level event rider and a member of the Cadre Noir - elite instructors at the National Riding School of Saumur.
He now lives in Abos. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Abos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Abos on the 1750 Cassini Map Abos on the INSEE website INSEE
Abère is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. Abère is located some 9 km northeast of Morlaas; the D7 road heading east from Saint-Jammes passes through the southern portion of the commune and continues to Baleix. Access to the village is by the Chemin de Lapoutge going north from the D7 for about 6 km; the Highway D207 coming south from Simacourbe forms the eastern boundary of the commune. The commune is farmland with forests in the north and east Located in the watershed of the Adour, the Grand Léez river forms the western border of the commune, with the Arriutort joining it at the northern tip of the commune and forming the northeastern border of the commune; the name Abère was mentioned in the tenth century and appeared in the forms: Oere and Bere and Avere, Oeyre was mentioned in 1487 Registry of Béarnais businesses. Abere appears in the 1790 map, Bulletin of Laws. Michel Grosclaude proposed a Latin etymology of abellana or abella, derived from the Béarnais abera, which means "hazelnut" and by extension "the hazel copse" The commune's name in Béarnais is Avera.
Paul Raymond noted that in 1385, there were 8 fires in Abère and that it depended on the bailiwick of Pau. A barony was created in a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn; the commune was part of the Archdiocese of Vic-Bihl, which in turn depended on the Diocese of Lescar of which Lembeye was the capital. Its Lay Abbey, the house of Bosom d'Abadie is mentioned in 1385. List of Successive Mayors of Abère Abère is a member of three inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of the Pays de Morlaàs the AEP Union for the Luy and Gabas Regions the energy Union of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Several structures are listed as historical monuments in the commune; these are: Tile factory at la Teulère Former Lay Abbey: the Bosom d'Abadie Town Hall Chateau of Bordenave d'Abère Menyucq House farm Houses and Farms The Church of St. John the Baptist The church contains several historical objects; these are: Processional Cross Altar Cross Painting: Christ on the Cross with Saint John, the Virgin, Saint John the Baptist Baptismal Fonts 4 Altar Candlesticks 2 statues: Angels holding a column and a scale Tabernacle Altar Altar, 4 Candlesticks at the secondary altar Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Abère on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Abere on the 1750 Cassini Map Abère on the INSEE website INSEE
Abidos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. Abidos is a Béarnais commune located some 13 km south-east of Orthez and 4 km north of Mourenx on the south side of the Gave de Pau. Access to the commune is by the D31 road from Le Bourguet in the north turning west in the commune to access the village and continuing southwest to join the D9; the D33 road from Noguères in the southeast passes through the commune east of the village and joins the D31 as it turns west. The commune has an industrial area in the southwest with the rest of the commune farmland; the Gave de Pau forms the north-eastern border of the commune and passes through the northern corner of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Gave d'Oloron at Peyrehorade. The Baïse river flows through the centre of the commune from the southeast and joins the Gave de Pau in the commune; the Luzoué flows from the southeast through the west of the commune to join the Gave de Pau.
Bastia Bernacheyre Chalosse Joanlong Pleasure Us The name Abidos appears in the forms: Avitos in the 11th century, Pierre de Marca and around 1100 and in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq. Avitoss was another form around 1100, Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn. *Avezos appeared around 1100 in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn Avidoos in the 13th century in the Fors de Béarn Sent-Sadarnii of Abidos in 1344 Notaries of Pardies Bidos and Bydos in 1548, Reformation of Béarn Abidos on the Cassini Map of 1750Michel Grosclaude offers a Latin etymology of Avitus plus the Aquitaine suffix -ossum "domain of Avitus". Its name in Béarnais is Avidos. Paul Raymond notes that in 1385, Abidos had 18 fires and depended on the bailiwicks of Lagor and Pardies. Abidos had a castle with an attached door across the Pau river. List of Successive Mayors of Abidos Abidos is a member of seven inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Lacq SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of Baïses AEP union for water and Baise.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicated that the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households classed Abidos to rank at No. 10,338, with an average income of €17,174. The town is part of the zone designation of Ossau-iraty. There is an old chapel at Abidos castle. An arboretum created by the community of communes of Lacq and the Abengoa BioEnergy France company, is located behind the village hall. Found in Abydos, a mill with its canal; the path of Naöu means an unencumbered way along the Pau river. The commune has a school with two classrooms for primary school, a school canteen, a library; the town has a sports field in the centre with a football field, basketball court, volleyball court, tennis courts. There is a sports hall equipped for basketball and Basque pelota. Lastly there is a roller skate park for BMX edge of the Baise. Raoul Vergez was born in Abidos on 3 August 1908 and died in Senlis on 7 July 1977.
He was writer and journalist. Known by the name of "Béarnais, the friend of the Tour de France", he left an important mark on the work of the Companions in France, he reported from the United States during a trip in 1952, some special techniques for companion carpenters. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Abidos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Abidos on the 1750 Cassini Map Abidos on the INSEE website INSEE
Ainharp is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainharbars. Or Ainharbear. Ainharp is located some 50 km west by southwest of Pau, 15 km southeast of Saint-Palais, 10 km north-west of Mauleon-Licharre, it is part of the former province of Soule. The commune can be accessed by road D242 from Lohitzun-Oyhercq in the west passing through the village and continuing southeast to Mauleon-Licharre; the D344 road goes to the north from the village through the commune east to Espes-Undurein. The commune terrain is undulating of mixed forest. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is the source of numerous streams including the Lagardoye which forms part of the south-eastern border, the Quihilleri which forms much of the western border, the Lafaure which forms much of the northern border; the commune name in Basque is Ainharbe. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed two etymological interpretations: a meaning of "low heather" from ilharr meaning "heather" and -be or "height of the low rocks" from gain meaning "high" and har meaning "rock" that indicates the high position of the village on the left bank of the Saison.
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque ToponymyOrigins: Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Ohix:Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Paul Raymond noted on page 4 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune was a former priory in the diocese of Oloron and that there was a hospital for pilgrims. List of Successive Mayors of Ainharp Mayors from 1929 Ainharp is a member of seven intercommunal structures: the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa the association to support Basque culture the intercommunal association of the Valley the intercommunal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Mauleon the AEP association for Soule Country the remediation association for Soule Country the energy association of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques The activity is agricultural.
The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. The commune has a church which dates back to the 11th century and a Calvary-Bell Tower from the 17th century, its cemetery features Hilarri dating from the time of the bell tower. The village is located on a secondary road of the pilgrimage to Saint Jacques de Compostela which passes on the highway to Ports de Cize, the priory of Saint-Palais to Saint-Michel-le-Vieux which had a hospice for pilgrims called Benta to L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Pagolle, Haux and Ordiarp; the commune has a primary school. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AINHARBE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ainharp on Lion1906 Ainharp on Google Maps Ainharp on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Ainharp on the 1750 Cassini Map Ainharp on the INSEE website INSEE
Ainhoa is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainhoars; the commune of Ainhoa is in the traditional Basque province of Labourd. Ainhoa is some 20 km due south of Bayonne and is directly on the Spanish border which forms the southern border of the commune; the commune is mountainous and forested in the south-east portion but with farmland in the northwest of the commune. There is one border crossing to Spain on the southern border at the village of Dantxana. Ainhoa and Sare, together with the two Spanish communes of Zugarramurdi and Urdazubi, form a cross-border territory, called Xareta. Straddling the border with Spain, it is a passage for the Way of St. James from Bayonne to Pamplona; the commune's border with Spain is in the Dancharia area and accesses the area of Dantxarinea d'Urdazubi. The commune is connected to Espelette in the north-east by Highway D20 which passes through the village and continues south to the Spanish border.
Highway D305 branches continues west to join Highway D4 before Cherchebruit. A network of small country roads covers all parts of the commune. Located in the watershed of the Adour, the Nivelle river runs along the southern border and forms the border between France and Spain. Numerous streams arise in the commune and flow down to the Nivelle including the Opalazioko erreka, the Lapitxuri and its tributaries, the Larreko erreka, the Erdiko erreka, the Farendeiko erreka, the Haitzagerriko erreka, the Barretako erreka. Paul Raymond mentions the Haïçaguerry, a tributary of the Nivelle, which descended to Gorospila on the Spanish border, which crossed the territory of Ainhoue; the commune name in basque is the same - Ainhoa. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval suggested that the name could come from the Basque aino which means "goat"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table.
Map: The Map of the Government-General of Guyenne and Gascony and the neighbouring region Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Lhande: Pierre Lhande, Basque-French DictionaryOrigins: Saint-Claire: Titles of the Abbey of Sainte-Claire of Bayonne Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne The ancient redoubt of Urrizti reflects the ancient past of the area. Paul Raymond noted on page 4 of his 1863 dictionary that the parish of Ainhoa was in the gift of the Abbot of Urdax; the Curacy of Ainhoa was created by the Priory of the Premonstratensian of Urdazubi in the 13th century. On 27 April 1238 the new king Theobald I of Navarre purchased the toll rights instituted by Viscount Juan Pérez de Baztan, Ainhoa being at the borders between the Duchy of Aquitaine since 1151, run by the Angevin Kings of England and the Navarrese kingdom; such tolls were charged to pilgrims and traders traveling to Santiago de Compostela on the Way of St. James in Galicia, Spain.
Military clashes between the "English run" Basques of Aquitaine and the Navarrese in 1249 led the Seigneur of Ainhoa, in 1250, to recognize the suzerainty of King Henry III of England. By 1265 Gonzalvo Juanis, Seigneur of Ainhoa known as Gonzalvo Ibáñez or Gonzalvo Yáñes, did not recognize either the English or the Navarrese; however he opened the way to conquest based on old historical claims. Garda Arnaut de Espelette, with loyalty to the "English run" Basques of the Duchy of Aquitaine, sent a letter, dated 29 July 1289 praying the Ainhoa people to adequately connive with him; the outcome of such frontier business was to set up an "undivided" land as had been done previously with the nearby Aldudes close to the Baztan valley. Documents from Estella dated September 1369, some 80 years proved that the people from Ainhoa paid taxes to both the King of Navarre and the "English" Seneschal of the Landes territory in return for their fiscal and personal privileges; when "English run" Bayonne surrendered to the French in 1451 it is not known if these "undivided status" villages on the English-Navarrese frontier were taken by the French as well.
In the Spanish Invasion of 1636 in the Labourd territories many villages, including Ainhoa, were razed. Because of the 1659 "Treaty of the Pyrénées" whereby the Spanish-born Queen regent of France Anne of Austria with the help of Cardinal Mazarin, the First Minister of France, set up an advantageous peace and obtained Maria Theresa of Spain as a wife for her son Louis XIV of France. Ainhoa was repopulated again. Disputes between the new settlers and the old residents concerning the use of communal lands for cattle grazing and fodder and the access by newcomers to town hall positions, church grants, etc. had to be settled by the autonomous Parliament of Bordeaux in the sense of paying for access to village privileges. Ainhoa was destroyed during the Thirty Years War and rebuilt; the only remains from before the destruction are the Machitorénéa House. In 1724, following the revolts in Saint-Jean-le-Vieux Mouguerre and Saint-Pierre-d'Irube, the people of Ainhoa revolted against the salt tax and against other new taxes.
This was a prelude to the uprisings in all of Labourd in 1726 against the said taxes. Bayonne and Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port followed in 1748; the Law of 4 March 1790 determined a new administrative landscape of France by creating departments and districts. This resulted in the creation of the department of Basses-Pyrénées and reuniting the Béarn, the
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is a department in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southwestern France. It takes its name from the Atlantic Ocean, it covers the Béarn. Named Basses-Pyrénées, it is one of the first 83 departments of France created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790, it was created out of parts belonging to the former greater province of Guyenne and Gascony, as well as the Béarn-Navarre, i.e. the Basques provinces of Basse-Navarre, Labourd and Soule, Béarn. The 1790 administrative design brought about the end of native laws; the Basque third-estate representatives overtly opposed the new administrative layout since it suppressed their institutions and laws. The representatives of Lower Navarre refused to vote arguing that they were not part of the Kingdom of France, those of Soule voted against, while the brothers Garat, representing Labourd voted yes, thinking that would give them a say in upcoming political decisions. On 10 October 1969, Basses-Pyrénées was renamed Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwest France. It is bordered by Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers departments and the Bay of Biscay. Principal settlements include Pau, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Biarritz, Anglet, Saint-Jean-de-Luz and Hendaye. Lac Gentau is located here. Pyrénées-Atlantiques, a border province, has cultivated a number of economic and cultural links with Spain. Two urban concentrations exist in the east and west of the département: Pau, which has 145,000 inhabitants, 344,000 workers in the local area. Both the Gascon Bearnese variant and Basque language are indigenous to the region in their respective districts. Gascon in turn is a dialect of Occitan the main language of southern France, it is more related to Catalan than it is to French. Basque is a language isolate, not related to any known language. Today, the sole official language of the French Republic, is the predominant native language and is spoken by all inhabitants. Pyrénées-Atlantiques is home to a number of professional sports teams, including Aviron Bayonnais, Biarritz Olympique, Section Paloise, Élan Béarnais Pau-Orthez and Pau FC.
The Pau Grand Prix, an auto race first held in 1901, has hosted the World Touring Car Championship, British Formula Three, Formula 3 Euro Series and FIA European Formula 3 Championship. The coat of arms of Pyrénées-Atlantiques combines those of four traditional provinces: Béarn Labourd Lower Navarre Soule Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department General Council website Archives of the Pyrenees-Atlantiques department website Photography Panoramics 360° website Prefecture official website Pyrenees-Atlantiques at Curlie Pyrenees-Atlantiques Monuments, Villages and Attractions Information on living and visiting Pyrenees Atlantiques
Andoins is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andosiennes; the commune is part of the urban area of Pau and is located 5 km east of Pau, the commune is part of the Vic-Bilh region of Gascony. The commune is traversed by the A64 autoroute; the nearest exit is Exit 11 just south-east of the commune. Access to the village is by the D39 road from Morlaàs in the north-west which continues south-east to Limendous. There is the D538 which goes north-west from the village to Serres-Morlaàs. There is the D215 which goes south-west from the village to Artigueloutan. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed from south-east to north-west by the Luy de France which forms part of the northern border before continuing to join the Lucet east of Morlaàs; the Ayguelengue forms the southern border of the commune before joining the Oussere and continuing west. The commune name in béarnais is Andonsh..
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicates that the village's name comes from the family name Antonius, modified in basque to Anton plus the suffix -tz inducing the property of or the domain of Anton. The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Lescar: Cartulary of Lescar Pau: Cartulary of the Château of Pau Fors de Béarn Census: Census of Béarn Ossau: Cartulary of Ossau. Paul Raymond on page 5 of the 1863 dictionary noted that Andoins was the seat of the second largest barony in Béarn which included Limendous, he noted that in 1385 there were 20 fires in Andoins and it depended on the Bailiwick of Pau. The town was part of the archdeaconry of Vic-Bilh, which depended on the bishopric of Lescar of which Lembeye was the capital. List of Successive Mayors Andois is part of six inter-communal structures: the public agency for local management.
In 2009 the commune had 625 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune has a number of buildings that are registered as historical monuments: A House at Grange Montane A Fortified Area A Farmhouse at Poublan The Maison Séries Farmhouse The Maison Lacaze Farmhouse The Cazenave Farmhouse The Maison Coustet Farmhouse Houses and Farms The Parish Church of Saint-Laurent is registered as an historical monument; the church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: Guilhem Arnaud, Baron of Andoins who died in 1301. His funerary monument is displayed in the church of the Commandery of Caubin in the commune of Arthez-de-Béarn. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Andoins on Lion1906 Andoins on Google Maps Andoins on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Andoins on the 1750 Cassini Map Andoins on the INSEE website INSEE