The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League champion team and the National League champion team. The winner of the World Series championship is determined through a playoff. As the series is played in October, during the season in North America. As of 2016, the World Series has been contested 112 times, with the AL winning 64, the 2016 World Series took place between the Cleveland Indians and the Chicago Cubs. Seven games were played, with the Cubs victorious after game seven, the final score was 8–7, the game went into extra innings after a tied score of 6–6. This was the third World Series won by the Cubs, as well as their first title since 1908, in the National League, the St. As of 2016, no team has won consecutive World Series championships since the New York Yankees in 1998,1999, all championships were awarded to the team with the best record at the end of the season, without a postseason series being played.
From 1884 to 1890, the National League and the American Association faced each other in a series of games at the end of the season to determine an overall champion. These series were disorganized in comparison to the modern World Series, the number of games played ranged from as few as three in 1884, to a high of fifteen in 1887. Both the 1885 and 1890 Series ended in ties, each team having won three games with one tie game, the series was promoted and referred to as The Championship of the United States, Worlds Championship Series, or Worlds Series for short. In his book Krakatoa, The Day the World Exploded, August 27,1883, Simon Winchester mentions in passing that the World Series was named for the New York World newspaper, but this view is disputed. Until about 1960, some sources treated the 19th-century Series on a basis with the post-19th-century series. After about 1930, many authorities list the start of the World Series in 1903, following the collapse of the American Association after the 1891 season, the National League was again the only major league.
The league championship was awarded in 1892 by a playoff between half-season champions and this scheme was abandoned after one season. Beginning in 1893—and continuing until divisional play was introduced in 1969—the pennant was awarded to the club in the standings at the end of the season. For four seasons, 1894–1897, the league played the runners-up in the post season championship series called the Temple Cup. A second attempt at this format was the Chronicle-Telegraph Cup series, in 1901, the American League was formed as a second major league. No championship series were played in 1901 or 1902 as the National and these series were arranged by the participating clubs, as the 1880s Worlds Series matches had been
Rogers Hornsby, Sr. nicknamed The Rajah, was an American baseball infielder and coach who played 23 seasons in Major League Baseball. He played for the St. Louis Cardinals, New York Giants, Boston Braves, Chicago Cubs, Hornsby had 2,930 hits and 301 home runs in his career, his career.358 batting average is second only to Ty Cobbs average. He was named the National League s Most Valuable Player twice and raised in Texas, Hornsby played for several semi-professional and minor league teams. After that season, he spent one season with the New York Giants and he played with the Cubs for four years and won his second MVP Award before the team released him in 1932. Hornsby re-signed with the Cardinals in 1933, but was released partway through the season and was picked up by the St. Louis Browns and he remained there until his final season in 1937. From 1925 to 1937, Hornsby was intermittently his own manager, after retiring as a player, he managed the Browns in 1952 and the Cincinnati Reds from 1952 to 1953.
Hornsby is one of the best hitters of all time and his career batting average of.358 is second only to Ty Cobb, at.367, in MLB history. He won two Triple Crowns and batted.400 or more three times during his career and he is the only player to hit 40 home runs and bat.400 in the same year. His batting average for the 1924 season was.424, a mark that no player has matched since and he was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1942 and the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame in 2014. Hornsby married three times, in 1918,1924, and 1957, and had two children, one each of his first two marriages. Known as someone who was difficult to get along with, he was not at all well-liked by his fellow players and he never smoked, drank, or went to the movies, but frequently gambled on horse races during his career. Hornsby was born in Winters, the last of Ed, when Hornsby was two years old, his father died of unknown causes. Four years later, the surviving Hornsbys moved to Fort Worth, Hornsby started playing baseball at a very young age, he once said, I cant remember anything that happened before I had a baseball in my hand.
He took a job with the Swift and Company meat industry plant as a boy when he was 10 years old. By the age of 15, Hornsby was already playing for several semi-professional teams and he played baseball for North Side High School until 10th grade, when he dropped out to take a full-time job at Swift and Company. While he was in school, Hornsby played on the football team. In 1914, Hornsbys older brother Everett, a minor league player for many years. He made the team, but did not play in any games for the Steers, following his dismissal, he signed with the Hugo Scouts of the Class D Texas–Oklahoma League as their shortstop for $75 per month
New York Yankees
The Essendon Football Club is a professional Australian rules football club which plays in the Australian Football League, the sports premier competition. Formed in 1871 as a club and playing as a senior club since 1878. It is historically associated with Essendon, a suburb in the north-west of Melbourne, dyson Heppell is the current team captain. A founding member club of both the Victorian Football Association, in 1877, and the Victorian Football League, in 1896, the club claims to have over at least one million supporters Australia wide. Essendon has won 16 VFL/AFL premierships which, along with Carlton, is the most of any club in the competition, the club was founded by members of the Royal Agricultural Society, the Melbourne Hunt Club and the Victorian Woolbrokers. The Essendon Football Club is thought to have formed in 1872 at a meeting it the home of a well-known brewery family, the McCrackens, whose Ascot Vale property hosted a team of local junior players. Robert McCracken, the owner of several city hotels, was the founder and first president of the Essendon club and his son, Alex would become president of the newly formed VFL.
Alexs cousin, who had played with Melbourne, was the teams first captain. The club played its first recorded match against the Carlton second twenty on 7 June 1873, Essendon played 13 matches in its first season, winning seven, with four draws and losing two. The club was one of the junior members of the Victorian Football Association in 1877. During its early years in the Association, Essendon played its matches at Flemington Hill. In 1878, Essendon played in the first match on what would be considered by modern standards to be a field at Flemington Hill. In 1879 Essendon played Melbourne in one of the earliest night matches recorded when the ball was painted white, in 1883 the team played four matches in Adelaide. In 1891 Essendon won their first VFA premiership, which they repeated in 1892,1893 and 1894, one of the clubs greatest players, Albert Thurgood played for the club during this period. Essendon was undefeated in the 1893 season, at the end of the 1896 season Essendon along with seven other clubs formed the Victorian Football League.
Essendons first VFL game was in 1897 was against Geelong at Corio Oval in Geelong, Essendon won its first VFL premiership by winning the 1897 VFL finals series. Essendon again won the premiership in 1901, defeating Collingwood in the Grand Final, the club won successive premierships in 1911 and 1912 over Collingwood and South Melbourne respectively. The nickname first appeared in print in the local North Melbourne Advertiser in 1889 and it was known firstly as Essendon Town and, after 1905, as Essendon
Charles James Chick Hafey was an American player in Major League Baseball. Playing for the St. Louis Cardinals and Cincinnati Reds, Hafey was a strong line-drive hitter who batted for an average on a consistent basis. He was selected by the Veterans Committee for the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971, in 2014, the Cardinals inducted him into their team hall of fame. Hafey was born on February 12,1903 in Berkeley, the St. Louis Cardinals signed Hafey out of high school as a pitcher. However, Cardinals general manager noticed Hafeys hitting abilities and decided that Hafey should become an outfielder, Hafey played in the minor leagues for the Fort Smith Twins of the Western Association in 1923. He moved to the Houston Buffaloes of the Texas League the next year and he split time between the Cardinals and Syracuse Stars in 1925. He spent the 1926 season with the Cardinals, but he played only 78 games, Hafey was the first major success of Rickeys expansive farm system, breaking through in 1927 when he led the National League in slugging.
Hafey, had suffered multiple beanings in 1926 and he developed sinus trouble and his vision deteriorated, and Hafey began to wear eyeglasses while playing. Although Specs Toporcer was the first baseball player to wear glasses, Hafey was the most prominent, because his vision became so variable, Hafey was obliged to rotate among three different pairs of glasses. In the field, Hafey was known for having a rifle arm and he had a power peak, averaging 27 home runs and 114 RBI from 1928 to 1930. In July 1929, Hafey tied a National League record with ten hits in ten consecutive at-bats, in August 1930, he hit for the cycle. In 1931, Hafey won one of the closest races for a title in history, hitting.349 to beat New Yorks Bill Terry by just.0002. The title was secured by a hit in Hafeys final at-bat of the season. Hafey was fifth in the voting for the 1931 MVP award, when Hafeys Cardinals faced Al Simmons Athletics in the 1931 World Series, it marked just the second time that two reigning batting champions had opposed one another in the Fall Classic.
Although the soft-spoken Hafey was overshadowed by some of his raucous Cardinals teammates, Hafeys 1931 and 1932 seasons both began late due to salary disputes. Cardinals general manager Rickey fined Hafey for being late and out of shape in 1931, in 1932, coming off his batting title, Hafey demanded that the previous years fine be added to his 1932 salary. When Rickey refused, Hafey bolted from St. Louis spring training camp, Rickey responded by trading Hafey to the last-place Cincinnati Reds. Hafey was happy to join the Reds, who gave him the raise he had sought and his vision was still erratic, and his persistent sinus condition cost him half of the 1932 season, though he hit.344
In baseball or softball, a strikeout occurs when a batter accumulates three strikes during a time at bat. It usually means the batter is out, a strikeout is a statistic recorded for both pitchers and batters, and is denoted by K. Although a strikeout suggests that the pitcher dominated the batter, the style that generates home runs leaves batters susceptible to striking out. Some of the greatest home run hitters of all time — such as Alex Rodriguez, Gorman Thomas, Reggie Jackson, and Sammy Sosa — were notorious for striking out. A pitched ball is ruled a ball by the if the batter did not swing at it and, in that umpires judgment. Any pitch at which the batter swings or, that in that umpires judgment passes through the zone, is ruled a strike. Each ball and strike affects the count, which is incremented for each pitched ball with the exception of a ball on any count with two strikes. That is, a strike may only occur by the batter swinging and missing at a pitched ball. A pitched ball that is struck by the batter with the bat on any count, a batter may strike out by bunting, even if the ball is hit into foul territory.
In Japan, this is called furinige, or swing and escape, in Major League Baseball, it is known as an uncaught third strike. When this happens, a strikeout is recorded for both the pitcher and the batter, but no out is recorded, because of this, a pitcher may occasionally be able to record more than three strikeouts in one half-inning. In baseball scorekeeping, a strikeout is recorded as a K. A strikeout looking is often scored with a backward K, and sometimes as a K-L, CK, despite the scorekeeping custom of using K for strikeout, SO is the official abbreviation used by Major League Baseball. K is still used by fans and enthusiasts for purposes other than official record-keeping. The K may be placed backward in cases where the batter strikes out looking, the use of K for a strikeout was invented by Henry Chadwick, a newspaper journalist who is widely credited as the originator of the box score and the baseball scorecard. As is true in much of baseball, both the box score and scorecard remain largely unchanged to this day, Chadwick decided to use K, the last letter in struck, since the letter S was used for sacrifice.
Chadwick was responsible for several other scorekeeping conventions, including the use of numbers to designate player positions and those unaware of Chadwicks contributions have speculated that K was derived from the last name of 19th century pitcher Matt Kilroy. If not for the evidence supporting Chadwicks earlier use of K, Kilroy raised the prominence of the strikeout, setting an all-time single-season record of 513 strikeouts in 1886, only two years after overhand pitching was permitted
George Toporczer was a professional baseball player and executive. He served primarily as a utility infielder during his eight seasons in Major League Baseball and he batted left-handed and threw right-handed. Toporcer is widely considered as the first major league position player to wear eyeglasses on the playing field. From an early age, like most children at the time, in an interview, he admitted that for the last seventy five years scarce a day had gone by that he had not contemplated the sport. He stated that in spite of his obsession he was picked last during childhood games because of his slight build. He went to school and becames friends with actor Jimmy Cagney, George Toporczer said the first thing that hooked him on baseball was when he was six and went to the 1905 World Series. The fanaticism of his older brother soaked into young George Toporczer and he became so attached to the Giants that when they lost the pennant to the Cubs in 1908, due to Merkles Boner, he cried himself to sleep.
By the time he was ten he would walk the five miles from his house to the Polo Grounds, unlike most of his peers he was enthralled with what was known as inside baseball which were the strategies and tactics of the dead-ball era. While still loving the Giant’s players, George Toporczer held an admiration of the Giants’ manager John McGraw. Out of all of the Giants players George’s favorite was the left fielder George Burns, when he was thirteen George Toporczer got a job at a local saloon as a scorekeeper, writing down the scores of the baseball games in exchange for fifty cents and free meals. While in seventh grade George’s history teacher made a school team but he was turned down from it because of his slight figure. Even though he was not on the team he went to all of their games to cheer them on. At one of these game he was the one there to cheer the team on. During that game he made a catch and contributed two hits. Around this time George Toporczer’s father died and passed the business on his oldest son, George had to forgo high school and help his brother run the shoe and boot store.
By working at the store and picking up odd jobs on the side George Toporczer was making more than enough to buy tickets and reared in the Yorkville section of Manhattan, Toporcer never played high school, college or minor league ball. He went directly from sandlot baseball to major league competition and he split his first professional season between the Cardinals and the minor league Syracuse Stars. As he grew older, George Toporczer decided that he wanted to become the best baseball player that he could become and he practiced daily for hours, learning all aspects of baseball and even teaching himself to bat lefty even though he was a natural right-hander
Jesse Joseph Haines, nicknamed Pop, was a right-handed pitcher in for the Cincinnati Reds and St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball. After a lengthy stint in minor baseball, he played briefly in 1918. He spent nearly his entire major league career with the Cardinals, Haines pitched on three World Series championship teams. Though he had a kind personality off the field, Haines was known as a fiery competitor during games, after retiring in 1937 with a 210–158 win-loss record, Haines was a coach with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1938. He left baseball after that season and returned to his native Ohio and he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1970. In 2014, he was inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum and he ranks second in franchise history in shutouts. Haines was born in Clayton, but he grew up nearby in Phillipsburg and his father Elias worked as an auctioneer. Haines wanted to play baseball for the team in Phillipsburg. His parents did not approve of him playing baseball on Sundays, so Haines used to sneak away, hiding his uniform in a corn crib and he left town to play semipro baseball in Dayton in 1912.
Soon thereafter, he was signed to play for a league team in Dayton. Spending several seasons in minor baseball, Haines pitched for teams in Saginaw, Fort Wayne, Topeka. He had played briefly in the leagues with the Cincinnati Reds in 1918. Across his minor career, he compiled a 107–61 record and 1.93 ERA over 187 games. Branch Rickey of the St. Louis Cardinals noticed Haines while he was pitching in Kansas City and he convinced a group of the teams stockholders to take out a $10,000 loan for the purchase of Hainess contract. During his minor league days, Haines married Carrie M. Weidner, Haines became a fixture in the Cardinals starting rotation in 1920. Despite a 13–20 record, he pitched 301 2⁄3 innings, the highest output of his career, author Paul Doutrich writes that while Haines was a mild-mannered individual, he had no patience for losing games and became a raging bull when on the mound. Haines threw a no-hitter on July 17,1924 against the Boston Braves, Haines pitched on three World Series championship teams, winning two games in the 1926 World Series.
In game seven of series, Haines developed a bleeding blister and had to be removed from the game with the bases loaded in the seventh inning
William Anthony Hallahan was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball during the 1920s and 1930s. Hallahan, a native of Binghamton, New York, spent most of his career in the employ of the St. Louis Cardinals and he signed with their nearby AA farm club, the Syracuse Stars of the International League, in 1924. The following season, he made his first NL appearance for the Redbirds, in 1926, Hallahan pitched in 19 games for the Cardinals during the regular season, and made a first, brief World Series appearance that fall against the New York Yankees. But Hallahan was not yet ready for an extended Major League career and he spent 1927 with Syracuse, winning 19 games and leading the International League in strikeouts and walks. The next season, he won 23 games for the Houston Buffaloes, finally, in 1929, he rejoined the Cardinals for good. He became a pitcher in 1930, winning 15 games for the pennant-winning Cardinals and leading the NL in strikeouts. Philadelphia won the Series in six games, the only World Series Hallahans Cardinals would ever lose, in 1931, Hallahan again led the NL in strikeouts and walks and won 19 games, as St.
Louis again took the league championship for a rematch against the Athletics. This time, Hallahan was even more effective and he shut out the As again in Game 2, pitched a complete game 5–1 victory in Game 5, and nailed down the decisive Game 7 in relief by getting the last out in the ninth inning. Altogether, he gave up only 12 hits and one run in 18⅓ innings — an ERA of 0.36 — as St. Louis triumphed in seven games. Hallahans dominance is even more impressive because the As featured a predominantly right-handed-hitting lineup, including fearsome sluggers Jimmie Foxx, after two more winning campaigns for non-contending Cardinal clubs, Hallahan won only eight games, losing 12, for the 1934 edition. But the Gashouse Gang won the National League title and gave Hallahan one more chance to experience the big stage. In Game 2 of the 1934 World Series, against the Detroit Tigers, Hallahan started against Detroit ace Schoolboy Rowe, Detroit won the game in the ninth, 3–2, but overall the Cardinals again prevailed in seven games.
He stayed with the Cardinals until May 31,1936, when he was sold to the Cincinnati Reds and his career statistics suffered with the Reds and his final club, the cellar-dwelling Philadelphia Phillies. Over his last two seasons, 1937–38, Hallahan won four and lost 17 games and he finished with a regular-season record of 102 victories and 94 defeats,856 strikeouts and 779 walks, and an ERA of 4.03 in 1,740 innings pitched. After retiring from baseball, Hallahan worked as a supervisor for General Aniline and Film Co. in Johnson City and he lived on Davis Street on the West Side of Binghamton, where he led a very quiet life. He was a legend to the young kids in that neighborhood who frequently begged him to show them his World Series watches. Wild Bill would attend Little League games at nearby Recreation Park to cheer on the neighborhood kids, the field there is dedicated in his honor. He died at age 78 in Binghamton, List of Major League Baseball annual strikeout leaders List of Major League Baseball annual wins leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference
William Harold Southworth was an American right fielder, center fielder and manager in Major League Baseball. Playing in 1913 and 1915 and from 1918 to 1929, he batted left-handed, Southworth managed in 1929 and from 1940 through 1951. He managed three pennant-winning St. Louis Cardinals teams, winning two World Series, and another pennant with the Boston Braves, the last National League title in Boston baseball history. As manager of the Cardinals, his.642 winning percentage is the second-highest in franchise history, late in life, Southworth served as a scout for the Braves. He endured a great deal of tragedy in his career, first experiencing the stillbirth of his twin babies. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2008, six years later, the Cardinals inducted him into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum. He belongs to the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, Southworth had a son, Billy Southworth, Jr. and a cousin, Bill Southworth, who both played professional baseball. Southworth was born in Harvard, Nebraska, to Orlando and Marriah Southworth and he was raised in Columbus, Ohio.
He had four brothers who played baseball. Before he was old enough to play them, Southworth would give his old socks to his brothers so they could create makeshift balls. Southworth decided to play baseball against his fathers wishes, Orlando Southworth had wanted his son to attend college. At the age of 19, he signed a contract with the Portsmouth team in the Ohio State League and he joined the Cleveland Indians in 1913, but only appeared in one game, entering as a replacement on defense. In 1914, Southworth married Lida Brooks and she was a ministers daughter and they had met while Southworth was playing for Portsmouth. The couples son, William Brooks Southworth, was born during Southworths early playing career, Billy Southworth, Jr. became a professional baseball player for several seasons. The elder Southworth returned to the Cleveland Indians in 1915 and appeared in 60 games and he played for the Birmingham Barons in 1917 and part of 1918, when he made the Pittsburgh Pirates and played in 64 major league games.
Southworth played more regularly in 1919, appearing in 121 games, with the exception of two seasons, Southworth played in at least that many games through 1926. In 1926, Southworths offensive production increased and he finished the season with a.320 batting average,16 home runs and 99 RBI and he ran into difficulty with New York manager John McGraw that year, as Southworths independent style became incompatible with McGraws strict leadership. He was traded from the New York Giants to the St. Louis Cardinals in the middle of the season, Southworth suffered a 1927 rib injury that limited his playing time
McSherrystown is a borough in Adams County, United States. The population was 3,038 as of the 2010 census, the headquarters of the popular Teddy Bear manufacturer Boyds Bears as well as the oldest operating family-run cigar manufacturer in the U. S. F. X. Smith & Sons, are located in McSherrystown. McSherrystown is the fourth oldest town in Adams County and its founder, Patrick McSherry having family origins stemming from Newry, Northern Ireland, procured a 300-acre tract from the Digges Family in 1763 and proceeded to lay out a number of 5-acre lots. The first known deed for one of these lots was dated June 27,1765, McSherry, who lived in Mount Pleasant Township in 1765 and was tavern-keeper in Littlestown, may never have lived in the town which bears his name. McSherrystown is located at 39°48′15″N 77°1′9″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.5 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,691 people,1,175 households, the population density was 5,138.7 people per square mile.
There were 1,231 housing units at a density of 2,350.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 97. 88% White,0. 52% African American,0. 22% Native American,0. 19% Asian,0. 04% Pacific Islander,0. 30% from other races, and 0. 85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 64% of the population,32. 0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the family size was 2.86. In the borough the population was out, with 22. 3% under the age of 18,8. 1% from 18 to 24,31. 0% from 25 to 44,20. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 37 years, for every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males, the median income for a household in the borough was $32,286, and the median income for a family was $40,089. Males had an income of $33,378 versus $20,784 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,158, about 1. 4% of families and 6. 0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3. 2% of those under age 18 and 6. 5% of those age 65 or over.
McSherrystown epitomizes the old town feel, as there are no major retail shopping in the area besides a Food Lion grocery store. Some of the local establishments include, Neiderers Pool, The Moose, Knights of Columbus, Hustlers Crabs, Roses Pizza. The borough is governed by seven locally elected Council Members and an elected mayor, the borough has an eight-member, locally selected Planning Commission
Both leagues currently have 15 teams. The two league champions of 1903 arranged to compete against each other in the inaugural World Series, after the 1904 champions failed to reach a similar agreement, the two leagues formalized the World Series as an arrangement between the leagues. National League teams have won 48 of the 112 World Series contested from 1903 to 2016, the 2016 National League champions are the Chicago Cubs. By 1875, the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players was dangerously weak, Hulbert had a problem—five of his star players were threatened with expulsion from the NAPBBP because Hulbert had signed them to his club using what were considered questionable means. Hulbert had a vested interest in creating his own league. After recruiting St. Louis privately, four western clubs met in Louisville, Boston Red Stockings, the dominant team in the N. A. Hartford Dark Blues from the N. A. Mutual of New York from the N. A. St. Louis Brown Stockings from the N. A, the only strong club from 1875 excluded in 1876 was a second one in Philadelphia, often called the White Stockings or Phillies.
The first game in National League history was played on April 22,1876, at Philadelphias Jefferson Street Grounds, 25th & Jefferson, the new leagues authority was tested after the first season. The National League operated with six clubs during 1877 and 1878, over the next several years, various teams joined and left the struggling league. By 1880, six of the eight members had folded. The two remaining original NL franchises and Chicago, remain in operation today as the Atlanta Braves, in 1883 the New York Gothams and Philadelphia Phillies began National League play. Both teams remain in the NL today, the Phillies in their original city, the NL encountered its first strong rival organization when the American Association began play in 1882. The A. A. played in cities where the NL did not have teams, offered Sunday games and alcoholic beverages in locales where permitted, the National League and the American Association participated in a version of the World Series seven times during their ten-year coexistence.
These contests were less organized than the modern Series, lasting as few as three games and as many as fifteen, with two Series ending in disputed ties, the NL won four times and the A. A. only once, in 1886. Starting with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1887, the National League began to raid the American Association for franchises to replace NL teams that folded and this undercut the stability of the A. A. Other new leagues that rose to compete with the National League were the Union Association, the Union Association was established in 1884 and folded after playing only one season, its league champion St. Louis Maroons joining the NL. The NL suffered many defections of star players to the Players League, the Brooklyn, Chicago and New York franchises of the NL absorbed their Players League counterparts. The labor strife of 1890 hastened the downfall of the American Association, after the 1891 season, the A. A. disbanded and merged with the NL, which became known legally for the next decade as the National League and American Association