Grimsby Town F.C.
Grimsby Town Football Club is a professional football club based in Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, that competes in League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system. Nicknamed "the Mariners", the club was founded as Grimsby Pelham in 1878, changed its name to Grimsby Town a year and moved to its current stadium, Blundell Park, in 1898. Grimsby Town are the most successful of the three professional league clubs in historic Lincolnshire, being the only one to play top flight English football, it is the only club of the three to reach an FA Cup semi-final. It has spent more time in the English game's first and second tiers than any other club from Lincolnshire. Notable former managers include Bill Shankly, who went on to guide Liverpool to three League titles, two FA Cups and a UEFA Cup triumph, Lawrie McMenemy who, after securing promotion to the Third Division in 1972, moved to Southampton where he won the FA Cup in 1976. Alan Buckley is the club's most successful manager.
In 2008 Buckley took Grimsby to the capital again, but lost out to MK Dons in the final of the Football League Trophy. The Mariners had reached the Football League Two play-off Final in 2006 at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, but lost the match 1–0 to Cheltenham Town, Later trips to Wembley in 2013 and 2016 saw them defeated in the FA Trophy final by Wrexham and F. C. Halifax Town respectively. Grimsby Town's relegation in 2010 made them the fourth club to compete in all top five divisions of English football. Grimsby's 1939 FA Cup semi-final attendance of 76,962 versus Wolverhampton Wanderers is still a record at Manchester United's Old Trafford stadium. In 1954 they became the first English club to appoint Hungarian Elemér Berkessy; the club's record appearance holder is John McDermott, who made 754 appearances between 1987 and 2007, while their leading scorer is Pat Glover, with 180 goals. Grimsby Town was formed in 1878 after a meeting held at the Wellington Arms public house in Freeman Street, Grimsby.
Several attendees included members of the local Worsley Cricket Club who wanted to form a football club to occupy the empty winter evenings after the cricket season had finished. The club was called Grimsby Pelham, this being the family name of the Earl of Yarborough, a significant landowner in the area. In 1880 the club purchased land at Clee Park, to become their ground until 1889 when they relocated to Abbey Park, before moving again in 1899 to their present home, Blundell Park; the original colours were blue and white hoops, which were changed to chocolate brown and blue quartered shirts in 1884. In 1888 the club first played league football, joining the newly formed'Combination'; the league soon collapsed and the following year the club applied to join the Football League, an application, refused. Instead the club joined the Football Alliance. In 1890 the club became a limited company and in 1892 entered the Football League, when it was expanded to two divisions; the first game was a 2–1 victory over Northwich Victoria.
The 1901–02 season saw promotion to the First Division, having finished as champions. However, they finished as champions at the first attempt and at the subsequent re-election vote, replaced local rivals Lincoln City in the Football League. Grimsby Town and Hull City were the only two professional teams which had official permission to play league football on Christmas Day because of the demands of the fish trade, but that tradition has now disappeared following the dramatic reduction of their trawler fleets in recent years; this was the most successful period in the club's history. The first full season after World War I the club were relegated to the new Third Division. By 1929 they were back in Division One, where they stayed until 1939, obtaining their highest-ever league position, 5th in Division One, in the 1934–35 season. In 1925 they adopted the white stripes as their colours. Three Grimsby Town players, forward Jackie Bestall, goalkeeper George Tweedy and defender Harry Betmead each received a solitary England cap during the period 1935–1937.
They remain the only players from the club to have received full England honours. On 20 February 1937, the club's record attendance of 31,651 was recorded when the club met Wolverhampton Wanderers in the FA Cup. Grimsby reached the semi-final of the FA Cup in 1936, the game was played at Huddersfield Town's Leeds Road, but lost 1–0 to Arsenal, with the goal coming from Cliff Bastin five minutes before half time. Grimsby reached the semi-final of the FA Cup on 25 March 1939, Grimsby played Wolverhampton Wanderers, in a FA Cup semi-final at Old Trafford; the attendance of 76,962 remains Old Trafford's largest attendance. The Mariners lost the game. With the rules forbidding substitutes for injuries, Grimsby
Hereford United F.C.
Hereford United Football Club was an English association football club based in the city of Hereford that last played in the Southern League Premier Division, the seventh tier of English football. Founded in 1924, the club was elected to the Football League in 1972, spent 31 seasons in the League in two spells, 25 of them in the fourth tier; the club reached the old Second Division in 1976, its best league performance, but was relegated after only one season at that level. Hereford achieved national prominence in 1972 when, as a Southern League club, they knocked top-flight Newcastle United out of the FA Cup. Hereford played at Edgar Street for their entire history, they were nicknamed'The Whites' or'The Lilywhites', after their predominantly white kit, or'The Bulls' after the Hereford cattle breed. The club's motto was "Our greatest glory lies not in never having fallen, but in rising when we fall"; the club was affiliated to the Herefordshire County FA. On 19 December 2014, the club was wound up in the High Court after a petition had been brought against it by HM Revenue and Customs.
Following the demise of United, a new ` phoenix club' was being Hereford. The new club incorporates the words'Forever United' into its crest design, as well as the iconic Hereford Bull. Hereford United Football Club was founded in 1924 with the merger of two local clubs St Martins and RAOC, with the intention of sustaining a higher class of football in the city of Hereford. Hereford lost its first match 2 -- 3 to Atherstone United; the club's second match was an FA Cup Preliminary Round tie against future rivals Kidderminster Harriers which they lost 2–7. Hereford progressed to the Birmingham & District League in 1928 where the club spent 11 seasons, with a best position of 4th. By the late 1930s the number of clubs in the league had decreased and Hereford applied to join the Southern League – but played only a few games in this league before the outbreak of the Second World War. At the same time the club became a limited company; when football resumed after the war, Hereford finished 1st in their first full season in the league only to be demoted to 2nd behind Chelmsford City, awarded points for unplayed matches.
In 27 seasons in the Southern League, Hereford finished as runners-up three times, lifted the Southern League Cup three times. When the league was regionalised for one season in 1958–59, Hereford won their regional division to add to their third League Cup win. In 1966 Hereford signed John Charles, the former Leeds United and Welsh international, boosting the support of the club, he became manager a year and set about building a team to challenge at the top of the Southern League and gain election to the Football League. With the club becoming one of the best-supported non-league clubs in the country Charles used his standing within the game to canvass votes from member clubs for election to the Football League; the 1971–1972 season saw the club finish second in the Southern League and gain national prominence due to its exploits in the FA Cup. Charles had departed the club in October 1971 and his successor Colin Addison inherited a side that defeated top-flight Newcastle United in the FA Cup.
The star player was Dudley Tyler. The Cup run played a part in the club's successful election to the Fourth Division, replacing Barrow; the club rose to the Second Division after finishing runners-up in their first season in the Fourth Division and winning the Third Division title in 1976. Dixie McNeil was the leading goalscorer in the top four divisions of English football in the same season, but Hereford would only spend one season in the second tier before dropping back into the Fourth Division; the club's peak was in October 1976 when they were in sixth position before playing Brian Clough's Nottingham Forest, losing 4–3 at the City Ground. After this period of success the club spent 19 years in the bottom division, suffering financial problems in the early 1980s which resurfaced in the mid-1990s; the club enjoyed brief glimpses of their past success in the Cup competitions, holding Arsenal to a 1–1 draw in the FA Cup of 1985 and narrowly losing 1–0 to Manchester United in the FA Cup of 1990.
The club's first trophy for 14 years was the Welsh Cup won in the same season. In the league the club finished in the bottom half as it went through a succession of managers, finishing 17th in 4 consecutive seasons. Graham Turner was appointed manager for the beginning of the 1995–96 season and managed to lead the team to sixth place and the play-offs, despite the club being in 17th position two months previously; this resurgence was in part thanks to the goals of Steve White who emulated Dixie McNeil by being the leading goalscorer in the top four divisions. Hereford lost to Darlington in the play-offs and, with financial problems worsening, the club lost key players for the following 1996–1997 season. After a terrible run of form the Hereford were relegated after a relegation-decider at Edgar Street with Brighton & Hove Albion. In 1998 Turner purchased a majority shareholding from Robin Fry; the club was in serious financial difficulties, with debts of £1million owed to a property development company which controlled the leases on the stadium.
Turner purchased only two players between 1997 and 2008 for a combined total of £40,000. The club's first five seasons in the Conference saw little success on the pitch, with the club being forced to sell many of its key players and the future of Edgar Street in serious doubt; the 2001–02 FA Cup saw the club receive a financial bonus when the BBC televised the
In association footballing terms, a caretaker manager is somebody who takes temporary charge of the management of a football club when the regular manager is dismissed, or leaves for a different club. However, a caretaker may be appointed if the regular manager is suspended, ill or unable to attend to their usual duties. Caretaker managers are appointed at short notice from within the club the assistant manager, a senior coach, or an experienced player. In other sports, the term "interim manager" is more used. Caretaker managers in Eastern Europe are head coaches that carry prefix title performing duties or sometimes temporary performing duties; these managers do not have a required license to be full. Famous examples include long-standing Arsenal assistant manager Stewart Houston, who stepped in after George Graham was abruptly sacked in the middle of the 1994–95 season and guided the club to the 1995 European Cup Winners' Cup Final. Tony Barton was appointed manager of Aston Villa after the departure of Ron Saunders and led the club to win the 1982 European Cup after only three months in charge.
Club Director Trevor Brooking was appointed as caretaker manager of West Ham United following Glenn Roeder's illness at the end of the 2002–03 season again following his dismissal early in the 2003–04 season. If a caretaker proves to be successful during their spell in charge, they are sometimes given the manager's job permanently. Glenn Roeder was appointed permanent manager of Newcastle United after having taken over as caretaker following Graeme Souness' dismissal in 2006; this occurred when Ricky Sbragia got the Sunderland job permanently after Roy Keane's resignation in November 2008 but he resigned himself at the end of the season 2008–09. This happened in the 2010–11 Premier League. After an impressive run of results, which saw Liverpool rise to 6th on the table, Dalglish was appointed the permanent manager of Liverpool, on a three-year contract. In the 2018–19 Premier League. After an impressive run of results, which saw Manchester United rise to 4th on the table and qualified for UEFA Champions League quarter-finals, Solskjær was appointed as permanent manager of Manchester United on 28 March 2019, on a three-year contract.
In Norway, a notable example occurred in 2006 when Rosenborg BK coach Per-Mathias Høgmo announced he was taking a leave of absence in mid-season, citing health concerns. At the time, Rosenborg were ten points behind leaders SK Brann, his assistant Knut Tørum was appointed on an interim basis, proceeded to lead Rosenborg to a furious comeback, clinching the league title with one match to spare. Høgmo announced his resignation two days after Rosenborg clinched, Tørum was named permanent coach after the season. In Spain, On 30 October 2018, Julen Lopetegui was sacked as Real Madrid coach after poor results, with the appointment of Santiago Solari as caretaker coach. After 14 days, Solari give a permanent contract because in Spain no club was allowed to have a caretaker for more than two weeks, he was sacked and replaced by former teammate Zinedine Zidane for the second times. On the other hand, Tony Parkes was named caretaker manager of Blackburn Rovers on six separate occasions between 1986 and 2004, without being given the role in a permanent capacity.
He is still yet to be given a permanent managerial role. In November 2007, Sandy Stewart led St Johnstone to victory in the final of the Scottish Challenge Cup in his only game in charge as caretaker manager. In the 2007–08 season, Cevat Güler won Süper Lig as Galatasaray's caretaker manager, he was in charge for the last five matches of the season due to Karl Heinz Feldkamp's resignation. In the 2007 Hazfi Cup final, Sepahan's head coach, Luka Bonačić had travelled to his country, Croatia for personal reasons and was unavailable to manage the team in the second leg. Mansour Ebrahimzadeh, assistant to Bonačić served as caretaker manager for that match. Sepahan won the title. Guus Hiddink was caretaker manager of Chelsea in 2009, leading his team to the UEFA Champions League semi-final, where they shut out FC Barcelona at Camp Nou and tied them back at Stamford Bridge; the latter was said as a controversial game in decisions made by the referee Tom Henning Øvrebø. Chelsea would eliminated on away goals.
He finished off his tenure with the team. The club was reported happy to have Hiddink as manager on a temporary basis. Roberto Di Matteo won the Champions League and FA Cup as caretaker manager of Chelsea in 2012, leading to him being appointed permanent manager on a two-year contract, he was sacked a few months into the new season, being replaced by another caretaker manager, Rafael Benítez, who led his team to victory in the Europa League, as well as guiding the team to a third-place finish in the league, thus ensuring direct qualification for next year's Champions League. Benítez was not offered a contract as permanent manager, instead being replaced by José Mourinho who went back to Chelsea for a second term. Head coach
Referee (association football)
In association football, the referee is the person responsible for enforcing the Laws of the Game during the course of a match. He or she is the final decision-making authority on all facts connected with play, is the only official on the pitch with the authority to start and stop play and impose disciplinary action against players during a match. At most levels of play the referee is assisted by two assistant referees, who are empowered to advise the referee in certain situations such as the ball leaving play or infringements of the Laws of the Game occurring out of the view of the referee. At higher levels of play the referee may be assisted by a fourth official who supervises the teams' technical areas and assists the referee with administrative tasks, and, at the highest levels, additional assistant referees and/or video assistant referees. Referees' remuneration for their services varies between leagues. Many are wholly amateur, some may be paid a small fee or reimbursed for expenses, and, in some countries, a limited number of referees – those who officiate in their country's top league – are employed full-time by their national associations and receive a retainer at the start of every season plus match fees.
Referees are licensed and trained by the same national organisations that are members of FIFA. Each national organisation recommends its top officials to FIFA to have the additional honour of being included on the FIFA International Referees List. International games between national teams require FIFA officials. Otherwise, the local national organisation determines the manner of training and advancement of officials from the youngest youth games through professional matches; the referee's powers and duties are described by Law 5 of the Laws of the Game. These include: Powers stopping, suspending or terminating the match at their discretion, for any infringements of the Laws. An injured player may only return to the field of play, they are not obliged to take this action but must do so when the ball next goes out of play. Duties enforcing the Laws of the Game; the player may only return on receiving a signal from the referee, who must be satisfied that the bleeding has stopped. As per Law 9 of the game, if during the game the ball hits the referee there is no stoppage in play.
However the officials would be expected to position themselves such that this would be unlikely to occur. Modern day referees and their assistants wear a uniform consisting of a jersey, badge and socks: until the 1950s it was more common for a referee to wear a blazer than a jersey. Traditionally that uniform was always all black, unless one of the teams was wearing a dark jersey in which case the referee would wear another colour of jersey to distinguish themself from both teams. At the 1994 World Cup finals, new jerseys were introduced that gave officials a choice of burgundy, yellow or white, at the same time the creation of the Premier League in England saw referees wear green jerseys: both changes were motivated by television considerations. Since most referees have worn either yellow or black, but the colours and styles adopted by individual associations vary greatly. For international contests under the supervision of FIFA, Adidas uniforms are worn because Adidas is the current sponsor.
FIFA allows referees to wear five colours: black, yellow and blue. Along with the jersey, referees are required to wear black shorts, black socks, black shoes; the badge, which displays the referee's license level and year of validity, is affixed to the left chest pocket. All referees carry a whistle, a watch, penalty cards, a data wallet with pen and paper, a coin for determining which team has the choice of ends or kick-off. Most are encouraged to have more than one of each on them in case they drop a whistle or a pen
Gateshead is a large town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. Gateshead and Newcastle are joined by seven bridges across the Tyne, including the Gateshead Millennium Bridge; the town is known for its architecture, including the Sage Gateshead, the Angel of the North and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art. Residents of Gateshead, like the rest of Tyneside, are referred to as Geordies. Gateshead's population in 2011 was 120,046. Part of County Durham, under the Local Government Act 1888 the town was made a county borough, meaning it was administered independently of the county council. Since 1974, the town has been administered as part of the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead within the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear. Gateshead is first mentioned in Latin translation in Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People as ad caput caprae; this interpretation is consistent with the English attestations of the name, among them Gatesheued "goat's head" but in the context of a place-name meaning'headland or hill frequented by goats'.
Although other derivations have been mooted, it is this, given by the standard authorities. A Brittonic predecessor, named with the element *gabro-,'goat', may underlie the name. Gateshead might have been the Roman-British fort of Gabrosentum. There has been a settlement on the Gateshead side of the River Tyne, around the old river crossing where the Swing Bridge now stands, since Roman times; the first recorded mention of Gateshead is in the writings of the Venerable Bede who referred to an Abbot of Gateshead called Utta in 623. In 1068 William the Conqueror defeated the forces of Edgar the Ætheling and Malcolm king of Scotland on Gateshead Fell. During medieval times Gateshead was under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Durham. At this time the area was forest with some agricultural land; the forest was the subject of Gateshead's first charter, granted in the 12th century by Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham. An alternative spelling may be "Gatishevede", as seen in a legal record, dated 1430; the earliest recorded coal mining in the Gateshead area is dated to 1344.
As trade on the Tyne prospered there were several attempts by the burghers of Newcastle to annex Gateshead. In 1576 a small group of Newcastle merchants acquired the'Grand Lease' of the manors of Gateshead and Whickham. In the hundred years from 1574 coal shipments from Newcastle increased elevenfold while the population of Gateshead doubled to 5,500. However, the lease and the abundant coal supplies ended in 1680; the pits were shallow as problems of ventilation and flooding defeated attempts to mine coal from the deeper seams. William Hawks a blacksmith, started business in Gateshead in 1747, working with the iron brought to the Tyne as ballast by the Tyne colliers. Hawks and Co. became one of the biggest iron businesses in the North, producing anchors, chains and so on to meet a growing demand. There was keen contemporary rivalry between'Hawks' Blacks' and'Crowley's Crew'; the famous ` Hawks' men' including Ned White, went on to be celebrated in Geordie story. Throughout the Industrial Revolution the population of Gateshead expanded rapidly.
This expansion resulted in the spread southwards of the town. In 1854, a catastrophic explosion on the quayside destroyed most of Gateshead's medieval heritage, caused widespread damage on the Newcastle side of the river. Robert Stirling Newall took out a patent on the manufacture of wire ropes in 1840 and in partnership with Messrs. Liddell and Gordon, set up his headquarters at Gateshead. A worldwide industry of wire-drawing resulted; the submarine telegraph cable received its definitive form through Newall's initiative, involving the use of gutta percha surrounded by strong wires. The first successful Dover-Calais cable on 25 September 1851, was made in Newall's works. In 1853, he invented the cone for laying cable in deep seas. Half of the first Atlantic cable was manufactured in Gateshead. Newall was interested in astronomy, his giant 25-inch telescope was set up in the garden at Ferndene, his Gateshead residence, in 1871. In 1831 a locomotive works was established by the Newcastle and Darlington Railway part of the York and Berwick Railway.
In 1854 the works moved to the Greenesfield site and became the manufacturing headquarters of North Eastern Railway. In 1909, locomotive construction was moved to Darlington and the rest of the works were closed in 1932. Sir Joseph Swan lived at Underhill, Low Fell, Gateshead from 1869–83, where his experiments led to the invention of the electric light bulb; the house was the first in the world to be wired for domestic electric light. In 1870, the old town hall was built, designed by John Johnstone who designed the previously-built Newcastle town hall; the ornamental clock in front of the old town hall was presented to Gateshead in 1892 by the mayor, Walter de Lancey Willson, on the occasion of him being elected for a third time. He was one of the founders of Walter Willson's, a chain of grocers in the North East and Cumbria; the old town hall served as a magistrate's court and one of Gateshead's police stations. In 1835, Gateshead was established as a municipal borough and in 1889 it was made a county borough, independent from Durham County Council.
In the same year, one of the largest employers, Hawks and Company, closed down and unemployment has since been a burden. Up to the Second World War there were repeated newspaper reports of the unemployed sending deputations to the council to provide work; the depre
Stanley Harding Mortensen was an English professional footballer, most famous for his part in the 1953 FA Cup Final, in which he became the only player to score a hat-trick in a Wembley FA Cup Final. He was both the first player to score for England in a FIFA World Cup qualifying campaign and the first England player to score in the tournament proper. South Shields-born Mortensen went to war in 1939 as a teenage wireless operator and overcame an injury – sustained when his RAF bomber crashed, leaving him as the only survivor – to be signed by Blackpool in 1941. While stationed at RAF Lossiemouth in Scotland, he played several unofficial matches for Aberdeen turning out as a guest for Arsenal with an impressive scoring record. During the war, he scored dozens of goals before making a strange piece of history by switching teams to play for Wales when they needed a reserve during a game against England on 25 September 1943. Wales' Ivor Powell was injured and had to leave the field and, as England's reserve, Mortensen took his place in the Welsh side.
Wales lost 8–3, Stanley Matthews wrote of the game: "Nobody in the 80,000 crowd had any idea that Mortensen was going to change. When, a quarter of an hour the player in the red jersey returned to the field, a cheer went up from the crowd, who — not knowing the seriousness of Powell's injury — were under the impression the injured Welsh wing half was returning; when "Powell" went to inside-left, the onlookers did not suspect anything unusual, as team switches are necessary after a player has been injured. Some of the England players did not know that Mortensen was playing on the other side, the football reporters, whose headquarters at Wembley are at the top of the main stand, did not know of the change until after half-time." On 25 May 1947, Mortensen made his full England debut against Portugal and announced himself on the scene by scoring four goals in a 10–0 win. The next year, Mortensen played all six England internationals and scored seven goals, including a hat-trick against Sweden, he was a member of the England team that lost 6–3 to Hungary.
In a playing career spent with Blackpool, Mortensen scored 197 league goals in 317 games. By the end of his career, he scored 23 goals. Between 1945 and 1950, Mortensen scored in twelve consecutive rounds of the FA Cup, including the Final in 1948. After nine years with Blackpool, Mortensen went on to play for Hull City, Bath City and, after coming out of retirement, Lancaster City. Mortensen topped the First Division goalscoring charts in 1950–51, with 30 goals, his most famous performance occurred two years in the 1953 FA Cup Final, when he helped Blackpool to a 4–3 win against Bolton Wanderers, after being 3–1 down, by scoring a hat-trick. Mortensen's third goal came with just a minute left in the game, Bill Perry's injury-time goal sealed the victory. After joining Southport, Mortensen announced his retirement from playing on 24 April 1958, at the age of 37. "I have been having trouble with my knee and have had several injections," he said, after deciding against renewing his contract. "Making the decision was not easy."
Despite the announcement, he went on to play for two more non-League clubs over four years. After retiring for good, Mortensen returned to Blackpool as manager between 1967 and 1969, when he was sacked, he auctioned his football medals in order to help Blackpool through a tough spell. On 20 October 1983, at the Blackpool supporters' annual general meeting, Mortensen was voted vice-president. On 18 November 1989, Mortensen led the Blackpool team out onto the Bloomfield Road pitch for their FA Cup first-round tie with Bolton Wanderers. Former Bolton Wanderers forward Nat Lofthouse, who faced Mortensen and Blackpool in the 1953 FA Cup Final, led the visitors out. Twelve days on 30 November, a tribute dinner for Mortensen was held at Blackpool's Savoy Hotel. Attended by many former Blackpool players, the event was arranged to honour Morty's fifty years of service to both Blackpool Football Club and the town. Mortensen died four days before his 70th birthday, on 22 May 1991, the day Blackpool reached Wembley for the first time since 1953.
They had beaten Scunthorpe United 3–2 on aggregate to reach the Fourth Division play-off final. A minute's silence was held before the final against Torquay United. Blackpool went on to lose the match to Torquay on penalties. On his death, it was said, "They'll call it the Matthews funeral," in reference to Mortensen's overshadowing by Stanley Matthews after the 1953 FA Cup Final, his funeral was held at St John's parish church, he was cremated at Carleton Crematorium in Carleton, Lancashire. The month of May became associated with much of his life. During May, he was born, signed professionally, made his England debut, won the FA Cup, died. Mortensen is mentioned with admiration in the song "1966 and All That" on the 1986 vinyl EP The Trumpton Riots by the indie band Half Man Half Biscuit, who call him "The Tangerine Wizard" and "The Jesus Christ of Bloomfield Road". In 2003, Mortensen was posthumously inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in recognition of his talent and achievements.
On 23 August 2005, a statue of Mortensen was unveiled by his widow and former Blackpool teammate Jimmy Armfield in front of Bloomfield Road's new North Stand, which now bears his name. "Of all the honours that Stan won in football, he would think. He was so proud of playing for Blackpool and loved everything about the town. Nothing was too much trouble for him
The Shay is a sports stadium in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. Halifax Town football and Halifax rugby league clubs both play home games at the Shay; the stadium is owned by Calderdale Metropolitan Council and leased by the Shay Stadium Trust, a not-for-profit company set up to preserve the ground as a sports stadium. The Shay lies about a quarter of a mile from the town centre; the four stands at the Shay are the North Stand, the East Stand, the South Stand and the Skircoat Stand. The North and South stands were built in the mid-1990s; the Skircoat Stand is the oldest stand at the Shay.'Shay' is derived from the old English word'shaw', which means a small wood, thicket or grove. The two words are used interchangeably in ancient references to the property upon which the stadium was constructed; such references to the name Shay have been traced as far back as 1462, when on 6 July of that year a wealthy local man by the name of William Brodley recorded that upon his death, property belonging to him just west of Shaghe Lane should pass to his son, John Brodley.
At the time of the third year of Henry VIII's reign, the Subsidy Roll had recorded William Brodley junior as being assessed on goods to the value of £20, by 1545 the property was still in his possession. This may seem a small sum today but it is worth noting that only five people locally were assessed at £20, so it is fair to say that William Brodley was a man of influence and money. Indeed, at this time, only one man was assessed at more than £20, he was the wealthy merchant John Hardy who paid 44 shillings tax on goods assessed at £66. What this goes to prove is that the Shay Estate was one of the finest areas of 16th century Halifax. Just when William Brodley died is not clear but we do know that the Shay descended to his daughter and heiress Grace Hely in 1580, in turn to her husband John Booth in 1587; this was recorded in the Halifax Court Rolls as Booth becoming the owner of'Shaw and Nether Shaw'. At about this time, conservation of water and the maintenance of its purity were matters of extreme importance, in 1588 John Booth arranged for a small dam to be constructed within the Shay Estate so as to provide enough water for his needs.
This supply was diverted away from the Shaw Syke in 1602 and within two years Booth surrendered ownership of'Over and Nether Shaw' to the use of Simon Bynnes of Broadbottom. As there are no records of subsequent owners after Bynnes, or of the houses they would have lived in, this gives us the opportunity to jump forward to the 18th century to introduce the name of the Shay's most noted owner – John Caygill. John Caygill was a important person among the people of Halifax. John Caygill contributed to Halifax's lasting heritage – as well as building the Shay mansion, he contributed to the erection of two other landmarks in the town; the first of these was the building of houses on a piece of land known as the Square, of which construction was finished around 1758. Designed by John Carr of York, they were grand buildings and some became offices. In 1923 the Halifax Corporation purchased the land and the buildings were demolished in 1959. John Caygill's second big achievement was in providing the land and a sum of £840 for the construction of the Piece Hall – a monument which still stands today as a tourist attraction.
John Caygill junior's only child, the aforementioned'Jenny', became sole heiress to her father's estates, including the Shay. She would marry Sir James Ibbetson, Baronet of Leeds and Denton on 8 February 1768, thus the ownership of the Shay Estate passed into the Ibbetson family, it is clear that the Ibbetson family did not live at the Shay - they did not need to, so in the Halifax Journal of 18 April 1807, the mansion built by John Caygill was advertised for letting. The same advertisement in the Halifax Journal gave details of the mansion itself. On the ground floor was a dining room 29 by 23 ft and 13 ft high, breakfast room, parlour, housekeeper's room, butler's pantry, servants' hall, a large kitchen and gallery'fitted with every modern improvement for cooking on the steam principle', a spacious passage 12 ft 6 in wide and 44 ft long, an elegant staircase with a double flight of stone steps. There was a landing 13 ft wide and a spacious gallery on the second floor, while the drawing room and the five'lodging rooms' with dressing rooms adjoining, were on the same scale as the rooms below.
The doors were of solid mahogany and it was evidently well fitted for its purposes. The addresses given to all the houses on the Shay Estate in the census returns; the Shay mansion's address is down as'The Shay, Caygill's Walk' in two reports whilst addresses for the other houses are termed variably as the Shay, Shay Stable Yard, Shay Yard, Caygill's Walk and Shay Farm, though there is no doubt that they all refer to the same appropriate buildings, are not new or separate ones. From the 1840s until 1903, there were six owners of the Shay Estate. William Boocock was the Shay mansion's last owner, though he only lived there for a few years up to 1903. By this time the Shay Estate was in the hands of the Halifax Corporation, with the completion of the new Skircoat Road, the future of the Shay must have looked much in doubt. Up until 1890 any traffic heading in the direction of Huddersfield travelled along the main route which ran from the town centre along the bottom of the Shay, up Shaw Hill to Huddersfield Road.
It was the idea of John Booth to develop the pleasant Caygill's Walk, which ran along the top of t