A Southern Memoir
A Southern Memoir is a 1975 vinyl album recorded by Bing Crosby at his own expense at TTG Studios, Los Angeles, California in January 1975. He was accompanied by Paul Smith and his Orchestra, Crosby leased the tracks to the English branch of Decca following negotiations with producer Geoff Milne and the album was issued on Deccas London label. The album was issued on CD by Collectors Choice Music in 2010 having been remixed from the eight track master tapes by Robert S. Bader of Bing Crosby Enterprises. Seven bonus tracks were included in the CD, in January 1974, Crosby was seriously ill and after two weeks of tests, he underwent three and a half hours of major surgery. Two-fifths of his lung and an abscess the size of a small orange were removed. The tumor was a fungus called nocardia. There were concerns that he would not be able to sing again and he eventually did some television work and decided to return to the recording studio. The small-band backings arranged by pianist-conductor Paul Smith are beautifully written, Paul Smith, Frank Capp, Tony Rizzi, Allen Reuss, Joe Valenti, Monty Budwig, Dick Nash, Larry Bunker, Vic Feldman, Dominic Mumolo, Don Raffell, Johnny Rotella
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performers music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has many roles during the recording process, the roles of a producer vary. The producer may perform these roles himself, or help select the engineer, the producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record companies budget. A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording. Producers often take on an entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, contracts. In the 2010s, the industry has two kinds of producers with different roles, executive producer and music producer. Executive producers oversee project finances while music producers oversee the process of recording songs or albums. In most cases the producer is a competent arranger, composer. The producer will liaise with the engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording.
Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record, indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation actually is music director. The music producers job is to create and mold a piece of music, at the beginning of record industry, producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1950s and 1960s due to technological developments, the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously, all of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio and the performance had to be recorded. As well, for a song that used 20 instruments, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. Examples include the rock sound effects of the 1960s, e. g. playing back the sound of recorded instruments backwards or clanging the tape to produce unique sound effects.
These new instruments were electric or electronic, and thus they used instrument amplifiers, new technologies like multitracking changed the goal of recording, A producer could blend together multiple takes and edit together different sections to create the desired sound. For example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis album Bitches Brew, producers like Phil Spector and George Martin were soon creating recordings that were, in practical terms, almost impossible to realise in live performance. Producers became creative figures in the studio, other examples of such engineers includes Joe Meek, Teo Macero, Brian Wilson, and Biddu
Flip, Flop and Fly
Flip and Fly is a jump blues-style song recorded by Big Joe Turner in 1955. Called a prototypical rocker, the song was a hit reaching #2 in Billboard magazines R&B chart, Flip and Fly has been recorded by a variety of artists, including early rock and roll performers such as Elvis Presley. Both are up-tempo twelve-bar blues with a strong backbeat, accompanying Turner are the songs writer Jesse Stone, Al Sears, Connie Kay, and unidentified trumpet, alto sax, baritone sax and bass. Turner subsequently recorded several versions of the song. Elvis Presley performed Flip and Fly during his first television appearance on January 28,1956 and it was included with a medley of Shake and Roll and I Got a Woman and released on his posthumous compilation album A Golden Celebration. A live version from 1974 was included on Elvis, As Recorded Live on Stage in Memphis
Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, CC, CQ, OOnt was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer. He was called the Maharaja of the keyboard by Duke Ellington and he released over 200 recordings, won eight Grammy Awards, and received numerous other awards and honours. He is considered one of the greatest jazz pianists, and played thousands of concerts worldwide in a career lasting more than 60 years, Peterson was born to immigrants from the West Indies, his father worked as a porter for Canadian Pacific Railway. Peterson grew up in the neighbourhood of Little Burgundy in Montreal and it was in this predominantly black neighbourhood that he found himself surrounded by the jazz culture that flourished in the early 20th century. At the age of five, Peterson began honing his skills with the trumpet, however, a bout of tuberculosis when he was seven prevented him from playing the trumpet again, and so he directed all his attention to the piano. His father, Daniel Peterson, a trumpeter and pianist, was one of his first music teachers.
Young Oscar was persistent at practicing scales and classical études daily, meanwhile, he was captivated by traditional jazz and learned several ragtime pieces and especially the boogie-woogie. At that time Peterson was called the Brown Bomber of the Boogie-Woogie, at the age of nine Peterson played piano with control that impressed professional musicians. For many years his piano studies included four to six hours of practice daily, only in his years did he decrease his daily practice to just one or two hours. In 1940, at fourteen years of age, Peterson won the music competition organized by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. After that victory, he dropped out of school and became a professional pianist working for a radio show. In his own words, Tatum scared me to death, Tatum was a model for Petersons musicianship during the 1940s and 1950s. Tatum and Peterson eventually became friends, although Peterson was always shy about being compared with Tatum. Peterson credited his sister—a piano teacher in Montreal who taught several other Canadian jazz musicians—with being an important teacher, building on Tatums pianism and aesthetics, Peterson absorbed Tatums musical influences, notably from piano concertos by Sergei Rachmaninoff.
An important step in Petersons career was joining impresario Norman Granzs labels, Granz discovered Peterson in a peculiar manner. As the impresario was being taken to Montreal airport by cab, Granz was so smitten by what he heard that he ordered the driver to take him to the club so that he could meet the pianist. In 1949, Granz introduced Peterson at a Carnegie Hall Jazz at the Philharmonic show in New York City, so was born a lasting relationship and Granz remained Petersons manager for most of his career. This was more than a relationship, Peterson praised Granz for standing up for him
Sheldon Harnick is an American lyricist best known for his collaborations with composer Jerry Bock on hit musicals such as Fiddler on the Roof. Harnick began his career writing words and music to songs in musical revues. One of these, The Merry Minuet, was popularized by the Kingston Trio and it is in the caustic style usually associated with Tom Lehrer and is sometimes incorrectly attributed to him. Harnick was born to American Jewish parents and grew up in the Chicago neighborhood of Portage Park, yiddish was spoken in the home rarely, mostly as a way of telling secrets between parents. Harnick began writing music while still in Carl Schurz High School in Chicago, after his Army service, he graduated from the Northwestern University School of Music with a Bachelor of Music Degree, and worked with various orchestras in the Chicago area. He moved to New York City and wrote for many musicals and he was friends with Charlotte Rae from college, and he went to see her one night at the Village Vanguard where she was singing a revue.
Yip Harburg, who was one of Harnicks idols, heard she was singing a song of his and he told Harnick that he enjoyed his writing, and urged him to continue. Harburg advised Harnick to work with a number of composers. He counseled him to character and comic songs, not ballads. Harburg gave him advice because his old partner, Jay Gorney, had told them ballads were the key to success on Broadway. Around 1956, Harnick met Jerry Bock, forming what is arguably the most important musical partnership of the 60s and their first musical was The Body Beautiful, running for only 60 performances in 1958, but Fiorello. Ran for 795 performances and won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, Fiddler on the Roof became one of the most cherished of all Broadway musicals. Harnick wrote the libretto for the opera Coyote Tales, with music by Henry Mollicone and he wrote the book and lyrics to the musical Dragons, which was performed in 2003 at the Luna Stage in Montclair, New Jersey. He wrote the lyrics and co-wrote the book with Norton Juster for the musical The Phantom Tollbooth, the musical premiered at the Kennedy Center in 2007.
New Faces of 1952 Shangri-La The Body Beautiful Portofino Fiorello, sheldon Harnick has won three Tony Awards. In 1960, he, Bock and Weidman tied with Rodgers and Hammerstein for best musical, and in 1965, Bock and Harnicks Fiddler on the Roof won for both Best Musical and Best Composer and Lyricist. In honor of Harnicks vast influence on American music, on May 19,1984 he was awarded the University of Pennsylvania Glee Club Award of Merit, sheldon Harnick was honored at the Twenty-Sixth Annual William Inge Theatre Festival located in Independence, Kansas, in 2007. Sheldon Harnick and Jerry Bock were presented with the 18th Annual York Theatre Companys prestigious Oscar Hammerstein Award for Lifetime Achievement in Theatre in 2009
Stevens was born in Clarkdale, Georgia. While attending high school, Stevens formed his first band, a rhythm, following his graduation, Stevens enrolled in Georgia State College as a music major. At 16, Stevens signed to Capitol Records Prep Records division in 1957, and produced the singles Silver Bracelet and a cover of Rang Tang Ding Dong, the latter was originally recorded by doo-wop group The Cellos in 1957. In 1958, Bill Lowery created the National Recording Corporation, and hired Stevens to play instruments, arrange music. Stevens signed with Mercury Records in 1961, ahab the Arab reached no.5 on the Hot 100 in 1962. Stevens continued to release comedic songs, and in 1969 he had a Top 10 pop hit with Gitarzan, Stevens became a regular on The Andy Williams Show during 1969–1970, and hosted his own show, The Ray Stevens Show, in 1970. In Australia, Ross D. Wylie reached the top 20 with his cover of Stevens Funny Man, Stevens collection of Hot 100 hits is evenly divided between serious and comedy.
My True Confession, a Top-10 on the R&B chart in 1963 for Brook Benton, was written by Stevens and Margie Singleton. Stevens was the arranger for the Doyle Holly recording of My Heart Cries For You, in the 1970s, Stevens became a producer and studio musician in Nashville. He recorded songs for Barnaby Records and Warner Brothers during 1970–79, Stevens biggest hit in the U. S. was his gospel-inflected single Everything Is Beautiful. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc and his other 1970 singles were America, Communicate With Me and Sunset Strip, both of which reached the Top 20 on the Adult-Contemporary lists. His novelty song Bridget the Midget made number two on the UK chart in 1971 and number 50 in the U. S and his 1971 gospel/country single, Albert E. Brumleys Turn Your Radio On, reached the country Top 20. Two more songs in 1971 were hits, A Mama and a Papa and All My Trials. Stevens frequently toured Canada and went to the UK, a rock-inflected gospel arrangement of Love Lifted Me became a hit in Thailand in 1972, reaching the Top Five.
In 1973, Stevens had a top 40 country hit with the track of his album Nashville. In 1974, Stevens recorded perhaps his most famous hit, The Streak and it became number one in both the UK and the US and No.3 on the country chart. In 1975, he released the Grammy-winning Misty, which became his biggest country hit and he entered the country Top 40 with a doo-wop version of Indian Love Call, Everybody Needs a Rainbow, and a ballad version of Young Love in early 1976. Stevens parted from Barnaby Records and joined Warner Brothers in 1976, where his debut single was a cover of You Are So Beautiful, Honky Tonk Waltz
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a singer or vocalist, Singers perform music that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists, Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Singing can be formal or informal, arranged or improvised and it may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort, or ritual, as part of music education, or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication and regular practice, if practice is done on a regular basis the sounds can become more clear and strong. Professional singers usually build their careers around one specific genre, such as classical or rock.
They typically take voice training provided by teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers. Though these four mechanisms function independently, they are coordinated in the establishment of a vocal technique and are made to interact upon one another. During passive breathing, air is inhaled with the diaphragm while exhalation occurs without any effort, exhalation may be aided by the abdominal, internal intercostal and lower pelvis/pelvic muscles. Inhalation is aided by use of external intercostals and sternocleidomastoid muscles, the pitch is altered with the vocal cords. With the lips closed, this is called humming, humans have vocal folds which can loosen, tighten, or change their thickness, and over which breath can be transferred at varying pressures. The shape of the chest and neck, the position of the tongue, any one of these actions results in a change in pitch, timbre, or tone of the sound produced. Sound resonates within different parts of the body and an individuals size, Singers can learn to project sound in certain ways so that it resonates better within their vocal tract.
This is known as vocal resonation, another major influence on vocal sound and production is the function of the larynx which people can manipulate in different ways to produce different sounds. These different kinds of function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers to accomplish this is through the use of the Singers Formant and it has been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa. The more pliable the mucosa, the more efficient the transfer of energy from the airflow to the vocal folds, Vocal registration refers to the system of vocal registers within the voice. A register in the voice is a series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds
AllMusic is an online music guide service website. It was launched in 1991 by All Media Guide which became All Media Network, AllMusic was launched in 1991 by Michael Erlewine of All Media Guide. The aim was to discographic information on every artist whos made a record since Enrico Caruso gave the industry its first big boost and its first reference book was published the following year. When first released onto the Internet, AMG predated the World Wide Web and was first available as a Gopher site, the AMG consumer web properties AllMusic. com, AllMovie. com and AllGame. com were sold by Rovi in July 2013 to All Media Network, LLC. All Media Network, LLC. was formed by the founders of SideReel. com. The following are contributors to AllMusic, as of this date, All Media Network produced the AllMusic guide series that includes the AllMusic Guide to Rock, the All Music Guide to Jazz and the All Music Guide to the Blues. Vladimir Bogdanov is the president of the series, in August 2007, PC Magazine included AllMusic in its Top 100 Classic Websites list.
All Media Network AllGame AllMovie SideReel All Music Guide to the Blues All Music Guide to Jazz Stephen Thomas Erlewine Official website
Sammy Nestico is a composer and arranger of big band music. Nestico is best known for his arrangements for the Count Basie orchestra, Sammy Nestico has been a professional music arranger since 1941, when he became a staff arranger at age 17 for ABC radio station WCAE in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During his career, he arranged music for the Count Basie Orchestra, the U. S. Air Force Band, in addition, he played trombone in the big bands of Tommy Dorsey, Woody Herman, Gene Krupa, and Charlie Barnet. In 1998–1999 Nestico was a professor at the University of Georgia, teaching commercial orchestration and he directed music programs at Los Angeles Pierce College, Woodland Hills, Westinghouse Memorial High School, and Wilmerding, Pennsylvania. As orchestrator, he has worked on nearly seventy television programs, including Mission, Mannix, Charlies Angels, and The Mod Squad. He has written jingles for Anheuser-Busch, Ford Motor Company, Mattel Toys, Pittsburgh Paints, the National Guard, Remington Bank.
He has published nearly 600 numbers for school groups and many for professional big bands. He has conducted and recorded his arrangements with several leading European Radio Jazz Orchestras, including the BBC Big Band in London, Germanys SWR Big Band and NDR Big Band and the DR Big Band. Nestico received a Bachelors degree in education from Duquesne University in 1950. 3, Fun Time 2011 Fun Time & More Live With Count Basie Chairman of the Board Basie Straight Ahead Standing Ovation Have a Nice Day 88 Basie Street Fancy Pants With Frank Sinatra L. A. Previous winners are, Official site Score Exchange Sammy Nestico NAMM Oral History Interview
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation. The last daily printed edition was put out on March 19,2013, Variety originally reported on theater and vaudeville. Variety has been published since December 16,1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City, on January 19,1907, Variety published what is considered the first film review in history. In 1933, Sime Silverman launched Daily Variety, based in Hollywood, Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931, he remained as publisher until his death in 1933 soon after launching the Daily. His son Sidne Silverman, known as Skigie, succeeded him as publisher of both publications, both Sidne and his wife, stage actress Marie Saxon, died of tuberculosis. Their only son Syd Silverman, born 1932, was the heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syds legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc.
until 1956, after that date Syd Silverman was publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to the Cahners Corp. In L. A. the Daily was edited by Tom Pryor from 1959 until 1988, for twenty years its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart, originally only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked previously at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times, in April 2009, Bart moved to the position of vice president and editorial director, characterized online as Boffo No More, Bart Up and Out at Variety. From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter, in October 2014, Eller and Wallenstein were upped to Co-Editors in Chief, with Littleton continuing to oversee the trades television coverage. This dissemination comes in the form of columns, news stories, video, Cahners Publishing purchased Variety from the Silverman family in 1987.
On December 7,1988, Barts predecessor, Roger Watkins, upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front. In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodicals owner, PMC is the owner of Deadline. com, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Varietys largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October,2012, Jay Penske announced that the paywall would come down, the print publication would stay. A significant portion of the advertising revenue comes during the film-award season leading up to the Academy Awards. During this Awards Season, large numbers of colorful, full-page For Your Consideration advertisements inflate the size of Variety to double or triple its usual page count, paid circulation for the weekly Variety magazine in 2013 was 40,000. Each copy of each Variety issue is read by an average of three people, with a total readership of 120,000. Variety. com has 17 million unique monthly visitors, Variety is a weekly entertainment publication with a broad coverage of movies, theater and technology, written for entertainment executives
Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to jazz and beyond, the last word indicating its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively in previous years. The publication was established in 1934 in Chicago, Illinois and it is named after the downbeat in music called beat one or the first beat of a musical measure. Down Beat publishes results of surveys of both its readers and critics in a variety of categories. The Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame includes winners from both the readers and critics poll, the results of the readers poll are published in the December issue, those of the critics poll in the August issue. In April 1979, Down Beat went to a schedule for the first time since 1939. The DownBeat Jazz Hall of Fame is maintained at Universal Studios City Jazz club in Orlando, current membership, by year, is listed in the following table. The critics poll was not initiated until 1961, so winners before were all chosen by readers polls, in 2010, the Veterans Committee Hall of Fame began electing deserving, deceased musicians of bygone eras