Ryde is an English seaside town and civil parish on the north-east coast of the Isle of Wight, with a population of 32,072 at the 2011 Census. It grew in size as a seaside resort after the villages of Upper Ryde and Lower Ryde were merged in the 19th century; the influence of this era is visible in the town's central and seafront architecture. As a resort Ryde is noted for its expansive sands revealed at low tide, making the listed pier necessary on the wide beach for a regular passenger ferry service; the pier is the fourth longest in the United Kingdom, as well as the oldest. In 1782 numerous bodies of men and children from HMS Royal George, which sank at Spithead, were washed ashore at Ryde. Many were buried on land, now occupied by the Esplanade. A memorial to them was erected in June 2004; the hovercraft to Southsea is operated by Hovertravel near the Esplanade close to Ryde Esplanade railway station and the bus station. A catamaran service run by Wightlink operates from Ryde Pier to Portsmouth Harbour which connects with both Island Line trains and mainland trains to London Waterloo.
The Island Line Trains service runs from Ryde Pier Head via Ryde Esplanade to Shanklin, a distance of 8 1⁄2 miles. Ryde St John's Road railway station lies further south in the town. A major bus interchange is situated between Ryde Pier and the Hover Terminal on the Esplanade with frequent services to many island towns and villages. Ryde is the second busiest place in smaller only than Newport; the most frequent service is route 9 to Newport. Other main routes include services 2, 3, 4, 8 and local route 37. An open top bus tour called "The Downs Tour" is run in the summer; the town's large and long esplanade area has always been an attraction for tourists those day-tripping from the mainland, as the amenities are all available by walking from the pier. A swimming pool, bowls club, bowling alley, boating lake are among the attractions, there are various children's playgrounds, amusement arcades and cafés. Ryde has few large public open spaces beyond the esplanade, but areas for public recreation include Appley Park, Puckpool Park, Vernon Square, Simeon Street Recreation Ground, St John's Park, St Thomas' churchyard, Salter Road recreation ground, Oakfield Football Club.
At one time Ryde had two separate piers. Ryde has its own inshore rescue service which has to deal with people becoming stranded on sandbanks as the incoming tide cuts them off from the shore; the pier is a feature of the 67-mile Isle of Wight Coastal Path, marked with blue signs with a white seagull. Ryde has a small marina located to the east of Ryde Pier, it is tidal and dries out at low water hence it is more suitable for smaller sailing and motor cruisers. It has provision for up to 200 boats, either on floating pontoons or leaning against the harbour wall, it has a full-time harbourmaster who posts useful snippets of information on the noticeboard outside the harbour office including weather information, tide times, cruise liner movements and events that occurred on this day in history. The twin church spires visible from the sea belong to All Saints' and Holy Trinity churches. All Saints' Church is located in Queens Road on a road junction known as Five Ways, it was designed by George Gilbert Scott and completed in 1872.
The spire is 177 feet tall. Holy Trinity Church is in Dover Street, it was designed by Thomas Hellyer and completed in 1845. Holy Trinity Church closed in January 2014 and the building became the Aspire Ryde community centre; the town's Roman Catholic church, St. Mary's, is located in High Street, it was built in 1846 at a cost of £18,000. This was provided by Countess of Clare; the church was designed by Joseph Hansom inventor of the hansom cab. Other churches include All Angels, Swanmore. There are Baptist, United Reformed and Elim churches in the town. Ryde Castle, situated on the Esplanade, was built c. 1840 as a private house in crenellated style and is now a hotel. It was left damaged after a fire in 2012, reopened after major restoration in 2013. Beldornie Tower on Augusta Road was at one point a property of the Earl of Yarborough; the house dates back to early 17th century. The house was rebuilt c. 1840 in Gothic-Jacobean style with the addition of a west wing in 1880. Ryde School With Upper Chine is opposite All Saints' Church.
The chief building, Westmont, is Grade II Listed. Sited on the Esplanade are a pavilion; the Ice rink is no longer open to the public, leading to the Isle of Wight's ice-hockey team, the "Wightlink Raiders" disbanding. The pavilion houses nightclub; the town's local football team was for many years Ryde Sports F. C. now replaced by Ryde Saints F. C. & Ryde F. C. SUNDAY. Speedway is staged just south of the town at Smallbrook Stadium; the Isle of Wight Islanders started as members of the Conference League before moving up to the Premier League. Ryde has five carnivals in a typical year: the Mardi Gras in June; the Carnival at Ryde is the oldest in England. Ryde Carnival remains the island's largest carnival, with local crowds and mainland visitors totalling in excess of 50,000 spectators. Raymond Allen – TV screenwriter, attended Ryde Secondary Modern School. William Booth – the founder of the Salvation Army spent the first part of his honeymoon in Ryde. Sam Browne – the soldier after whom the belt was named, lived
Walkelin was the first Norman bishop of Winchester. Walkelin was of noble birth and related to William the Conqueror, whom he served as a royal chaplain. Before the Norman Conquest he had been a canon at Rouen Cathedral, he took up office at Winchester in 1070, having been consecrated on 30 May. A year in 1071, Abbot Ealdred of Abingdon, being held for support of insurrection, died in Walkelin's custody, the following year he signed the Accord of Winchester, formulated in the city. Walkelin made his brother Simeon the Prior of Winchester and influenced Simeon being made Abbot of Ely in 1082, where he began the new Ely Abbey in 1093 before dying the following year. Walkelin advanced his nephew Gerard, Archbishop of York. Walkelin began work on a new cathedral church, the current Winchester Cathedral, in 1079, his transepts and crypt, though little else, are retained in the present building. King William II granted Walkelin half a hide in the Isle of Wight with license to search for and excavate stone for his new cathedral "throughout the plain and the forest: if the forest is sufficiently small that the horns of a deer may be seen passing through it".
William I granted Walkelin as much timber for the building and its scaffolding from the Forest of Hempage Wood as his carpenters could take in four days and nights. However, in the words of the Winchester annalist: "the Bishop collected an innumerable troop of carpenters and within the assigned time cut down the whole wood and carried it off to Winchester. Passing by Hempage, was struck with amazement and cried out, "Am I bewitched or have I taken leave of my senses? Had I not once a most delectable wood upon this spot?" But when he understood what had happened, he was violently enraged. The Bishop put on a shabby vestment and made his way to the King's feet, humbly begging to resign the episcopate and requesting that he might retain his royal friendship and chaplaincy; the King was thus appeased, only observing, "I was as much too liberal in my grant as you were too greedy in availing yourself of it."The new cathedral was completed in 1093. Walkelin had caused tower... to be made as it is still to be seen, rebuilt it, with its four columns, from the foundations in the middle of the choir.
On 8 April that year, in the presence of nearly all of the bishops and abbots of England, the monks removed from the Old Minster to the new one, "with great rejoicing and glory". On the feast-day of Saint Swithun, they processed from the new church to the old, processed the feretrum of St. Swithun from it to the new church "with all honour"; the next day, the bishop's men began demolishing the old church. Demolition work was complete within the year, except for the great altar; the following year more relics "of St. Swithun and of many other saints" were found under that altar and transferred to the new church. Walkelin reformed the monastic community there, as did all Norman bishops in their new dioceses. In the words of the annalist of Winchester: "He improved the Church of Winton in devotion, in the number of its monks and in the buildings of the house." Walkelin died 3 January 1098, at Winchester, was buried in the nave of his cathedral, "before the steps under the rood-loft, in which stands the silver cross of Stigand, with the two great silver images.
British History Online Archbishops of York accessed on 2 November 2007 British History Online Bishops of Winchester accessed on 2 November 2007 British History Online Priors of Winchester accessed on 2 November 2007 Fryde, E. B.. Handbook of British Chronology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. Spear, David S. "The Norman Empire and the Secular Clergy, 1066–1204" The Journal of British Studies Volume XXI Number 2 Spring 1982 p. 1-10 Walkelin 1 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England Hunt, William. "Walkelin". Dictionary of National Biography. 59. Pp. 40–42. "Winchester". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28. 1911. P. 704. — The cathedral's construction The Annalist
History of the Isle of Wight
The Isle of Wight is rich in historical and archaeological sites, from prehistoric fossil beds with dinosaur remains, to dwellings and artefacts dating back to the Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman periods. The River Solent was the largest tributary of the Channel River that drained the Hampshire Basin from the Early Pleistocene or late Pliocene. During the Mesolithic period, sea levels in northern Europe were some 30 to 40 metres lower than today, the land that became Britain was a peninsula of northern Europe; the island was formed at the end of the last Ice Age, about 8–9000 years ago, as sea levels rose, the land of southern Britain sunk due to the post-glacial rebound of the north, under the ice. This flooded the former river valley of the Solent to the north, the future English Channel to the south, cut Wight off from the island of Britain. Once open to the sea, tidal scouring widened the Solent; the first inhabitants are assumed to have been hunter-gatherers migrating by land during the Paleolithic period, as the ice age began to recede and the climate improved.
The island has no visible Paleolithic or Mesolithic sites, but flints from these periods have been found and are on display at Carisbrooke Castle. There are theories that, during the Neolithic era, Bouldnor was a seaport that traded with the Middle East, or that nomadic gatherers roamed over wider areas than thought, because wheat was present there 8,000 years ago, hundreds if not thousands of years before it is known to have been grown in northern Europe; the Longstone near Mottistone is one of the only three surviving Neolithic sites, along with a long barrow on Afton Down and a'mortuary enclosure' on Tennyson Down. Between the Neolithic and Roman eras, Southeastern Britain experienced significant in migration from the continent. Finds of late Late Iron Age coins, such as the South Wight and Shalfleet Hoards, suggest trading links both with nearby tribes and further afield; the coins and ingots from these hoards had been defaced for reasons that are unknown. The variety of origin of the coins found locally is more marked than elsewhere in Britain and suggests that the island may have had a degree of political separation.
The island has over nearly all on the chalk downs. One plough-damaged barrow on Gallibury Down was excavated during 1979-80 and dated to between 1600-1400 BCE. There is evidence from aerial photographs of ring ditches on the limestone near Bembridge; the only significant Iron Age find. However three of the Roman villa sites have produced late Iron Age pottery, which suggests a continuity of occupation. Bronze Age Britain had large reserves of tin from mining in Devon. Tin is necessary to smelt bronze. At that time the sea level was much lower, so tin for export could be brought across the Solent at low tide on carts, or on boats such as those found at Ferriby. A shortage of tin during the Bronze Age collapse and trade disruptions in the Mediterranean around 1300 BCE may have forced metalworkers to seek an alternative to bronze, it has been suggested that a 1st century BCE reference to Ίκτιν by the Graeco-Sicilian Diodorus Siculus might refer to the Isle of Wight, although St. Michael's Mount in Cornwall is now considered more likely.
A century Pliny the Elder uses its Latin name Vectis and in the mid 2nd century Ptolemy confirms the position of Vectis as "...below Magnus Portus". The Roman historian Suetonius calls the island "insula Vecta" in his account of its capture in year 43, referring to the future emperor Vespasian, who "proceeded to Britain where he fought thirty battles, subjugated two warlike tribes, captured more than twenty towns, besides the entire Isle of Vectis"; the form Vectis seems reasonably robust but Rivet and Smith were uncertain of its etymology. A gloss on an 1164 manuscript of Nennius equates Old English wiht with Latin divorcium, which has encouraged writers to think that the island sits like a lever between the two arms of the Solent; the word could be Brittonic, from a Celtic root akin to Irish fecht "journey" and Welsh gwaith "work". A detailed study in 2010 draws attention to the Proto-Germanic word *wextiz, which would have been Vectis in Latin, survives in various modern-language forms, including Modern English whit "something small", German wicht "dwarf, imp", Dutch wicht "little girl" and Norwegian vette "being, creature".
This might suggest that the meaning is something like "daughter island" or "little companion". However more it has been argued that the inhabitants of southern Britain at this time may indeed have been Germanic, rather than Celtic, which could re-open the possibility of the island's name having Germanic roots; the Romans occupied southern Britain, for nearly four hundred years. The Romans built no towns on the island, but it became an agricultural centre, at least seven Roman villas are known; the Roman villas at Newport and Brading are open to the public. When developed around 300 AD, Brading was the largest on the Island, being a courtyard villa with impressive mosaics, suggesting
Isle of Wight
The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England. It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent; the island has resorts that have been holiday destinations since Victorian times, is known for its mild climate, coastal scenery, verdant landscape of fields and chines. The island has been home to the poets Swinburne and Tennyson and to Queen Victoria, who built her much-loved summer residence and final home Osborne House at East Cowes, it has a maritime and industrial tradition including boat-building, sail-making, the manufacture of flying boats, the hovercraft, Britain's space rockets. The island hosts annual music festivals including the Isle of Wight Festival, which in 1970 was the largest rock music event held, it has well-conserved wildlife and some of the richest cliffs and quarries for dinosaur fossils in Europe. The isle was earlier a kingdom in its own right. In common with the Crown dependencies The British Crown was represented on the island by the Governor of the Isle of Wight until 1995.
The island has played an important part in the defence of the ports of Southampton and Portsmouth, been near the front-line of conflicts through the ages, including the Spanish Armada and the Battle of Britain. Rural for most of its history, its Victorian fashionability and the growing affordability of holidays led to significant urban development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Part of Hampshire, the island became a separate administrative county in 1890, it continued to share the Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire until 1974, when it was made its own ceremonial county. Apart from a shared police force, there is now no administrative link with Hampshire, although a combined local authority with Portsmouth and Southampton was considered, this is now unlikely to proceed; until 1995 the island had a governor. The quickest public transport link to the mainland is the hovercraft from Ryde to Southsea. During the last Ice Age, sea levels were lower and the Solent was part of a river flowing south east from current day Poole Harbour towards mid-Channel.
As sea levels rose, the river valley became flooded, the chalk ridge line west of the Needles breached to form the island. The Isle of Wight is first mentioned in writing in Geography by Ptolemy. Bronze Age Britain had large reserves of tin in the areas of Cornwall and Devon and tin is necessary to smelt bronze. At that time the sea level was much lower and carts of tin were brought across the Solent at low tide for export on the Ferriby Boats. Anthony Snodgrass suggests that a shortage of tin, as a part of the Bronze Age Collapse and trade disruptions in the Mediterranean around 1300 BC, forced metalworkers to seek an alternative to bronze. During Iron Age Britain, the Late Iron Age, the Isle of Wight would appear to have been occupied by the Celtic tribe, the Durotriges - as attested by finds of their coins, for example, the South Wight Hoard, the Shalfleet Hoard. South eastern Britain experienced significant immigration, reflected in the genetic makeup of the current residents; as the Iron Age began the value of tin dropped and this greatly changed the economy of the Isle of Wight.
Trade however continued. Julius Caesar reported that the Belgae took the Isle of Wight in about 85 BC, recognised the culture of this general region as "Belgic", but made no reference to Vectis; the Roman historian Suetonius mentions. The Romans built no towns on the island, but the remains of at least seven Roman villas have been found, indicating the prosperity of local agriculture. First-century exports were principally hides, hunting dogs, cattle, silver and iron. Ferriby Boats and Blackfriars Ships were important to the local economy. During the Dark Ages the island was settled by Jutes as the pagan kingdom of Wihtwara under King Arwald. In 685 it was invaded by Caedwalla. In 686 Arwald was defeated and the island became the last part of English lands to be converted to Christianity, added to Wessex and becoming part of England under King Alfred the Great, included within the shire of Hampshire, it suffered from Viking raids, was used as a winter base by Viking raiders when they were unable to reach Normandy.
Both Earl Tostig and his brother Harold Godwinson held manors on the island. Starting in AD 449 the 5th and 6th centuries saw groups of Germanic speaking peoples from Northern Europe crossing the English Channel and setting up home. Bede's Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum identifies three separate groups of invaders: of these, the Jutes from Denmark settled the Isle of Wight and Kent. From onwards, there are indications that the island had wide trading links, with a port at Bouldnor, evidence of Bronze Age tin trading, finds of Late Iron Age coins; the Norman Conquest of 1066 created the position of Lord of the Isle of Wight. Carisbrooke Priory and the fort of Carisbrooke Castle were founded. Allegiance was sworn to FitzOsbern rather than the king. For nearly 200 years the island
Tower of London
The Tower of London Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill, it was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078 and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite; the castle was used as a prison from 1100 until 1952, although, not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence; as a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion under Kings Richard I, Henry III, Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries; the general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite activity on the site.
The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It was besieged several times, controlling it has been important to controlling the country; the Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public record office, the home of the Crown Jewels of England. From the early 14th century until the reign of Charles II, a procession would be led from the Tower to Westminster Abbey on the coronation of a monarch. In the absence of the monarch, the Constable of the Tower is in charge of the castle; this was a trusted position in the medieval period. In the late 15th century, the castle was the prison of the Princes in the Tower. Under the Tudors, the Tower became used less as a royal residence, despite attempts to refortify and repair the castle, its defences lagged behind developments to deal with artillery; the peak period of the castle's use as a prison was the 16th and 17th centuries, when many figures who had fallen into disgrace, such as Elizabeth I before she became queen, Sir Walter Raleigh, Elizabeth Throckmorton, were held within its walls.
This use has led to the phrase "sent to the Tower". Despite its enduring reputation as a place of torture and death, popularised by 16th-century religious propagandists and 19th-century writers, only seven people were executed within the Tower before the World Wars of the 20th century. Executions were more held on the notorious Tower Hill to the north of the castle, with 112 occurring there over a 400-year period. In the latter half of the 19th century, institutions such as the Royal Mint moved out of the castle to other locations, leaving many buildings empty. Anthony Salvin and John Taylor took the opportunity to restore the Tower to what was felt to be its medieval appearance, clearing out many of the vacant post-medieval structures. In the First and Second World Wars, the Tower was again used as a prison and witnessed the executions of 12 men for espionage. After the Second World War, damage caused during the Blitz was repaired, the castle reopened to the public. Today, the Tower of London is one of the country's most popular tourist attractions.
Under the ceremonial charge of the Constable of the Tower, operated by the Resident Governor of the Tower of London and Keeper of the Jewel House, the property is cared for by the charity Historic Royal Palaces and is protected as a World Heritage Site. The Tower was orientated with its strongest and most impressive defences overlooking Saxon London, which archaeologist Alan Vince suggests was deliberate, it stood out to traffic on the River Thames. The castle enclosures; the innermost ward is the earliest phase of the castle. Encircling it to the north and west is the inner ward, built during the reign of Richard I. There is the outer ward which encompasses the castle and was built under Edward I. Although there were several phases of expansion after William the Conqueror founded the Tower of London, the general layout has remained the same since Edward I completed his rebuild in 1285; the castle encloses an area of 12 acres with a further 6 acres around the Tower of London constituting the Tower Liberties – land under the direct influence of the castle and cleared for military reasons.
The precursor of the Liberties was laid out in the 13th century when Henry III ordered that a strip of land adjacent to the castle be kept clear. Despite popular fiction, the Tower of London never had a permanent torture chamber, although the basement of the White Tower housed a rack in periods. Tower Wharf was built on the bank of the Thames under Edward I and was expanded to its current size during the reign of Richard II; the White Tower is a keep, the strongest structure in a medieval castle, contained lodgings suitable for the lord – in this case, the king or his representative. According to military historian Allen Brown, "The great tower was by virtue of its strength and lordly accommodation, the donjon par excellence"; as one of the largest keeps in the Christian world, the White Tower has been described as "the most complete eleventh-century palace in Europe". The White Tower, not including its projecting corner towers, measures 36 by 32 metres at the base, is 27 m high at the southern battlements.
The structure was three storeys high, comprising a basement floor, an entrance level, an upper floor. The entrance, as is usual in Norman keeps, was above ground
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states: Then, at the midwinter, was the king in Gloucester with his council.... After this had the king a large meeting, deep consultation with his council, about this land. Sent he his men over all England into each shire, it was written in Medieval Latin, was abbreviated, included some vernacular native terms without Latin equivalents. The survey's main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, which allowed William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Norman conquest; the assessors' reckoning of a man's holdings and their values, as recorded in Domesday Book, was dispositive and without appeal. The name "Domesday Book" came into use in the 12th century; as Richard FitzNeal wrote in the Dialogus de Scaccario: for as the sentence of that strict and terrible last account cannot be evaded by any skilful subterfuge, so when this book is appealed to... its sentence cannot be quashed or set aside with impunity.
That is why we have called the book "the Book of Judgement"... because its decisions, like those of the Last Judgement, are unalterable. The manuscript is held at The National Archives at London. In 2011, the Open Domesday site made the manuscript available online; the book is an invaluable primary source for historical economists. No survey approaching the scope and extent of Domesday Book was attempted again in Britain until the 1873 Return of Owners of Land which presented the first complete, post-Domesday picture of the distribution of landed property in the British Isles. Domesday Book encompasses two independent works; these were "Little Domesday", "Great Domesday" No surveys were made of the City of London, Winchester, or some other towns due to their tax-exempt status. Most of Cumberland and Westmorland are missing. County Durham is missing; the omission of the other counties and towns is not explained, although in particular Cumberland and Westmorland had yet to be conquered. "Little Domesday" – so named because its format is physically smaller than its companion's – is the more detailed survey, down to numbers of livestock.
It may have represented the first attempt, resulting in a decision to avoid such level of detail in "Great Domesday". Both volumes are organised into a series of chapters listing the fees, held by a named tenant-in-chief of the king, namely religious institutions, Norman warrior magnates and a few Saxon thegns who had made peace with the Norman regime; some of the largest such magnates held several hundred fees, in a few cases in more than one county. For example, the chapter of the Domesday Book Devonshire section concerning Baldwin the Sheriff lists 176 holdings held in-chief by him. Only a few of the holdings of the large magnates were held in demesne, most having been subinfeudated to knights military followers of the tenant-in-chief which latter thus became their overlord; the fees listed within the chapter concerning a particular tenant-in-chief were ordered, but not in a systematic or rigorous fashion, by the Hundred Court under the jurisdiction of which they were situated, not by geographic location.
As a review of taxes owed, it was unpopular. Each county's list opened with the king's demesne lands, it should be borne in mind that under the feudal system the king was the only true "owner" of land in England, under his allodial title. He was thus the ultimate overlord and the greatest magnate could do no more than "hold" land from him as a tenant under one of the various contracts of feudal land tenure. Holdings of Bishops followed of the abbeys and religious houses of lay tenants-in-chief and lastly the king's serjeants, Saxon thegns who had survived the Conquest, all in hierarchical order. In some counties, one or more principal towns formed the subject of a separate section: in some the clamores were treated separately; this principle applies more to the larger volume: in the smaller one, the system is more confused, the execution less perfect. Domesday names a total of 13,418 places. Apart from the wholly rural portions, which constitute its bulk, Domesday contains entries of interest concerning most of t
Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue Service
Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service covering the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England. In March 2007, the Isle of Wight Council voted to maintain the independence of the Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue service, instead of a merger with the Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service. In February 2009, plans were announced for a three-year £8 million replacement programme changing part-time stations to full-time; the move would be done in an attempt to reduce response times to 999 alerts. It could see Ryde's fire station change to full-time, Sandown's, but part-time stations would continue to operate as normal in rural areas; the extra investment would minimise chances of a future merger with Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service on the mainland. On a 2009 assessment by a government watchdog, the service was found to be performing well, getting a three star rating out of four, after a poor rating in 2005; the Isle of Wight has a total of ten fire stations, one wholetime/retained, one day crew/retained and eight retained.
Water Rescue Ladder: P1 / P2 /P3 Aerial Ladder Platform: A1 Incident Command Unit: C1 Heavy Rescue Tender: R1 Water Rescue Unit: R2 Breathing Apparatus Support Unit S1 Foam Salvage Tender: S1 General Purpose Vehicle: S1/S2 Light 4x4 Vehicle: T1/T2 Prime Mover + High Volume Pump: T9 Prime Mover + Mass Decontamination Unit: T8 Co-Responder Vehicle: V1 Water Carrier: W1 Station Officer Vehicle: O1/O2 List of British firefighters killed in the line of duty Official website