A ticket is a voucher that indicates that an individual is entitled to admission to an event or establishment such as a theatre, amusement park or tourist attraction, or has a right to travel on a vehicle, such as with an airline ticket, bus ticket or train ticket. An individual pays for a ticket, but it may be free of charge. A ticket may serve as proof of entitlement or reservation. A ticket may be valid for a specific one. Members of the public can buy a ticket at a ticket window or counter, called a box office in the entertainment industry; the ticket check may be there, or it may be separate. Tickets may be available from resellers, which are commercial enterprises that purchase tickets in bulk, resell them to members of the public, adding a surcharge. Consumers buy from resellers for reasons of availability; the convenience factor relates to being able to obtain tickets locally, being able to make alternate selections on the spot if the preferred performance is not available. The availability factor relates to the fact that all tickets may have been sold out at the box office, requiring the purchaser to either obtain tickets from the reseller, or not to see the show.
Sometimes, for some train journeys, both free or allocated seating are available, with an increased charge for a reserved seat. A passenger with a free seating ticket in a train carries the risk of having to stand. In a cinema a free seating ticket means that a seat just not a specific one. Paper or card is used, although plastic may be used instead for durability; some have a barcode or magnetic stripe for keeping simple data stored on them, higher end ones use chips to store more data and prevent counterfeiting. A paper ticket is perforated so it can be separated into two parts, one to be kept by the customer, one to be kept by the ticket controller. Whether or not one can reenter with the customer part only varies, it may not be allowed to avoid subsequent use of one ticket by multiple people, or simultaneous use by giving the ticket to someone before the ticket check, but it may be allowed, ex: in a movie theatre to buy, during a movie, a snack or drink before the ticket check and reenter.
Tickets may be printed in advance, or or printed when issued, or it may be a printed form, completed in handwriting. Counterfeit tickets are a problem at high-priced concerts and other events, so holograms are used on tickets for the Olympic Games, Super Bowl, FIFA World Cup and other high-profile events; the fraudulent practice of passing-back a ticket can be overcome by making the ticket in the form of a tamper-proof wristband. When paying online for admission one may get a code, or a ticket that can be printed out. At the premises, it is made sure. Internet ticket fraud has become widespread, with authentic-looking but fake ticket websites taking customers' money but not delivering the tickets, notably for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Free tickets are applied in virtual queueing. In a place where one has to wait one's turn, there may be the system that one takes a ticket with a number from a dispenser; this system is found in hospitals and surgeries, at offices where many people visit, like town halls, social security offices, labor exchanges, or post offices.
Another form of virtual queuing is where the ticket carries a time-slot on it, rather than just a sequentially incremented number. This type of ticket would allow someone to do other things and return for a roller-coaster ride, for example, without having to stand and wait in line. A coach ticket is a document created by a coach operator or a travel agent to confirm that an individual has purchased a seat on a coach; this document is used to obtain travel on the operators coach fleet. Only with this ticket is the passenger allowed to board the coach. A paper ticket is only good for the coach operator; the paper ticket is for a specific journey. It is sometimes possible to purchase an'open' ticket which allows travel on any coach between the destinations listed on the ticket; the cost for doing this is greater than a ticket for a specific journey. Some tickets are refundable; however the lower cost tickets are not refundable and may carry many additional restrictions. It is now common for a traveller to print out tickets online and use these on coaches instead of having tickets sent to them in the traditional way.
Many coach operators use this system to save costs. Bus tickets are similar. A pass is a special ticket, representing some subscription, in particular for unlimited use of a service or collection of services. Sometimes the pass replaces the tickets, sometimes it entitles the holder to free tickets. In the latter case both the pass and the ticket has to be shown at the ticket check. Alternatively, there is the discount pass, for services such as those above: for a fee per unit time one gets a discount on each purchase. Alternatively, a multi-use ticket may provide a discount. For example, a pass for entering a cinema 6 times within a year may cost the price of 4 or 5 tickets. A multi-use ticket may not be personal. If not, there may be a limitation to the number of
Merseytravel is the passenger transport executive responsible for the coordination of public transport in the Liverpool City Region, North West England. Merseytravel was established on 1 December 1969 as the Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive. From 1 April 2014 Merseytravel expanded its area of operation from the metropolitan county of Merseyside to include the Borough of Halton; the Merseyside Passenger Transport Authority was first established as a result of the Transport Act 1968, included communities such as the urban districts of Formby and Neston, Cheshire. The latter was removed from Merseyside Passenger Transport jurisdiction in 1974 when the transport organisation's boundaries were made co-extensive with the new metropolitan county of Merseyside, formally created by the Local Government Act 1972. At this time a committee of councillors of Merseyside County Council became the transport authority; when the metropolitan county councils were abolished by the Local Government Act 1985, new structures had to be created.
A new joint board - again called The Merseyside Passenger Transport Authority - was created. It was renamed the Merseyside Integrated Transport Authority and comprised 18 councillors assembled from Merseyside's five districts: Liverpool, Knowsley, St Helens and Wirral. On 1 April 2014, the Merseyside Integrated Transport Authority was abolished and reformed as the Merseytravel Committee of Liverpool City Region Combined Authority; the transport authority area is extended to include the whole of the Liverpool City Region, which comprises Merseyside and the Borough of Halton. As a result of the privatisation of British Rail, the Northern Line and Wirral Line of the local Merseyrail rail network were brought together as the Mersey Rail Electrics passenger franchise, privatised on 19 January 1997. Under the original privatisation legislation of 1993, PTEs were co-signatories of franchise agreements covering their areas; the first train operating company awarded the franchise contract was MTL the operating arm of the PTE, but privatised itself in 1985.
It traded under the Merseyrail Electrics brand, but after MTL was sold to Arriva, the company was rebranded Arriva Trains Merseyside from 27 April 2001. When the franchise came up for renewal, reflecting the exclusive nature of the two lines - being isolated from the rest of the National Rail network and with no through passenger services to/from outside the Merseyrail network, the decision was taken to remove it from the national framework and bring it into local control; as a result, using the Merseyrail Electrics Network Order 2002 the Secretary of State for Transport exempted the system from being designated as a railway franchise under the privatisation legislation. This allowed the PTE to contract out the lines themselves, which it did with Merseyrail operated by Serco-Abellio commencing a 25-year contract on 20 July 2003. A third line, the City Line historically branded as Merseyrail under British Rail, was privatised under the 1993 Act, but as part of the much larger North West Regional Railways franchise.
On 2 March 1997 North Western Trains rebranded First North Western, commenced operating the franchise. Some Class 142s were repainted in Merseytravel's yellow livery; this line was not included in the 2003 exemption given to the other two lines, so it has continued as part of the government administered rail franchise system, although the role of PTEs in the franchising process has altered due by the 2005 Railways Act. From 11 December 2004, the NWRR franchise was merged into a new Northern franchise and operated by Northern Rail; the Merseyrail 142s were repainted into Northern Rail livery. On 1 April 2016, the franchise was taken over by Arriva Rail North. Prior to the Transport Act 1985 which nationally mandated the deregulation and privatisation of bus services in 1986 throughout England except Greater London, it operated a large proportion of the bus services on Merseyside, under the Merseyside Transport brand, it had taken over the municipally provided bus operations of Liverpool and Wallasey county borough corporations in 1970, expanded to cover the county borough municipal corporation areas and bus services of St Helens and Southport in 1974.
The PTE extensively co-ordinated and joint operated bus services on Merseyside with National Bus Company subsidiaries Crosville and Ribble. These were both longer distance services coming into Merseyside from Cheshire and Lancashire along with Crosville and Ribble services operated in Sefton and the Wirral only; the PTE had significant involvement in the operation of Crosville and Ribble garages on Merseyside too. Similar arrangements existed with Lancashire United Transport/Greater Manchester Transport and Warrington Borough Transport from services connecting Merseyside with Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Lancashire. After deregulation, these were branded as Merseybus, were subsequently privatised as MTL; the previous co-ordination of Merseyside's bus network disappeared as Crosville, Ribble now known as North Western and Greater Manchester's GM Buses became competitors of Merseybus along with new entrants like CMT Buses, Halton Transport, Liverlne, PMT's Red Rider, Village Group, other smaller operators.
Merseyside's popular bus corridors became a hot-bed of intense competition with less lucrative services ignored and in some cases disappearing. Things settled down in the mid-1990s with Merseybus parent company MTL took over a number of the new entrants, some disappearing and North Western now owned by Arriva the remainder. In 2000 MTL is now part of a enlarged Arriva North West; however Arriva was required by the Mon
Birkenhead North TMD
Birkenhead North TMD is a traction maintenance depot, owned by Network Rail and located opposite Birkenhead North railway station responsible for servicing and stabling Merseyrail's fleet of Class 507 and 508 electric multiple units. Birkenhead North's current depot code is BD, having been changed from BN in 1976; the former Bidston Shed, allocated the shed code 6F, was situated on the opposite side of the tracks, further towards Bidston, from the depot. An Ordnance Survey map shows that the site of Birkenhead North TMD was occupied by a railway depot by 1899, although an exact date of opening is unknown. However, the actual Birkenhead North engine shed, as it was named, was located to the north of the present depot, on the goods line to the docks. In 1985 and 1986, in order to celebrate the 100th anniversary of railways in the area, an "100 Years of Mersey Railways" was held. Birkenhead North depot was used to hold two open days, during both events, a number of mainline locomotives were on display at the depot.
Among the locomotives which were included in the celebratory events were a Class 40 locomotive as well as a Class 50 locomotive. Merseyrail's fleet of Class 507 and 508 units is scheduled to be replaced between 2019 and 2021 by a fleet of Class 777 units built by Stadler Rail at Bussnang, Switzerland; as part of the overall fleet replacement project, which will cost £460 million, both Kirkdale and Birkenhead North depots will be upgraded to a standard which will be capable of maintaining the new trains. As part of its refurbishment, Birkenhead North TMD will have its carriage wash plant upgraded, with the depot becoming more of a focus for cleaning and light maintenance, a role, fulfilled by Kirkdale TMD. Unlike with the arrangement for the current fleet of Class 507 and 508 units, Birkenhead North will not be the main maintenance hub for the new fleet of Class 777s, with this role being assigned to a rebuilt Kirkdale depot instead. Class 507 and Class 508 electric multiple units are based at Birkenhead North depot.
From 2020 onwards, Class 777 units will be allocated here. Battery locomotives and Class 73 locos have been stored at the depot in the past for sandite duties in the winter. Network Rail stables its MPV diesel unit here during the leaf fall season. Departmental equipment for Sandite duties has in the past included Class 73, Class 97/7 and Class 936 traction. Four Class 03 diesel shunters were previously allocated to Birkenhead North depot; these locomotives were deployed on dock shunting duties on the now disused Birkenhead Dock Branch, serving in this role until 1989. After the Class 03s became surplus to requirements, all four examples were sold to railway heritage preservation groups. S. K. Baker. Rail Atlas Great Britain & Ireland. ISBN 0-86093-553-1. Marsden, Colin J.. BR Depots. Motive power recognition. 6. Ian Allan. ISBN 9780711017191. OCLC 18685680. Mitchell, Vic. Birkenhead to West Kirby. Middleton Press. Figs. 20-23. ISBN 9781908174611. OCLC 885451764. Railscene Magazine. 7. Railway Recollections. Spring 1986
The Mersey Railway was the first part of the passenger railway connecting the communities of Liverpool and now the rest of the Wirral Peninsula in England, which lie on opposite banks of the River Mersey, via the Mersey Railway Tunnel. The railway opened in 1886 with four stations using steam locomotives hauling unheated wooden carriages. Using the first tunnel under the Mersey the line is the world's oldest underground railway outside London; because the steam locomotives created a polluted atmosphere in the tunnel, many passengers reverted to using the river ferries and the railway was bankrupt by 1900. Recovery came after the railway adopted electric traction in 1903; the Mersey Railway remained independent after the railway grouping of 1923, although it became integrated with the electric train services operated by the London and Scottish Railway over the former Wirral Railway routes after 1938. The Mersey Railway was nationalised, along with most other British railway companies, in 1948.
The tunnel and railway are still in use today as part of the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail rail network. Records exist of a ferry service across the River Mersey between Birkenhead on the west bank and Liverpool on the east since the middle ages. In 1332 the monks of Birkenhead Priory were granted exclusive rights to operate a ferry, it is recorded that Marc Isambard Brunel suggested a road tunnel when designing the Birkenhead docks and from the 1850s a railway tunnel under the Mersey was proposed several times. The Mersey Pneumatic Railway received Royal Assent for a single line pneumatic railway in 1866 but failed to raise the necessary capital. In 1871 the Mersey Railway was given the necessary permissions for an orthodox two track railway connecting the Birkenhead Railway near their Rock Ferry station through a tunnel under the Mersey to an underground station serving Liverpool; however the company found it difficult to raise the necessary funds until Major Samuel Isaac undertook to build the railway in 1881.
He contracted construction to John Waddell, who appointed Charles Douglas Fox and James Brunlees as Engineers. Construction of the river tunnel started from two 180 feet deep shafts, one on each bank, containing water pumps. Three tunnels were to be one for the two tracks, a drainage tunnel and a ventilation tunnel. A 7 feet 2 inches diameter ventilation tunnel was dug as the pilot heading; some 38 million bricks were used for the construction of the main tunnel. When the tunnel was opened, fans on both banks changed the air in the tunnel every seven minutes; the geology of the riverbed meant that the plans were changed and at the deepest section the drainage and ventilation tunnels combined. The grade on the Liverpool side was increased to 1 in 27. Estimates of the influx of water varied from 5,000 imp gal to 36,000 imp gal per minute. There were two pumping stations, Shore Road Pumping Station on the Birkenhead bank near Hamilton Square and Georges Dock Pumping Station on Mann Island on the Liverpool Bank.
The Railway's Workshop was built next to Birkenhead Central. The Mersey Railway was formally opened on 20 January 1886 and public services started on 1 February; the route had four new stations: Green Lane, Birkenhead Central and Hamilton Square in Birkenhead and James Street station in Liverpool. Green Lane and Birkenhead Central were below ground level in open cuttings whereas James Street and Hamilton Square were deep underground and accessed by lifts. In 1888 a branch tunnel to Birkenhead Park station opened, with a connection to the Wirral Railway; this was followed in 1891 by an extension from Green Lane to bay platforms at the Birkenhead Railway's Rock Ferry station, in 1892 the tunnel was extended from James Street to a new underground station at Liverpool Central. The railway opened with steam locomotives hauling four-wheeled 27 feet long wooden carriages, with first and third class accommodation provided in unheated compartments. In 1900 in the peak periods trains left the Rock Ferry terminus every 7 1⁄2 minutes and the Birkenhead Park terminus every 15 minutes, giving a train every 5 minutes between Hamilton Square and Liverpool Central.
At off-peak times this was reduced to a train every 7 1⁄2 minutes, alternately from the Rock Ferry and Birkenhead Park branches. The scheduled journey time between Rock Ferry and Central was 14 minutes; as well as some through working of carriages from the Wirral Railway at Birkenhead Park, in the summer of 1899 a through service worked from Liverpool to Folkestone Harbour. Connecting ferries and trains allowed Paris to be reached in under 15 hours; the traffic peaked in 1890, when ten million passengers were carried, declined. Two years the company had been declared bankrupt and receivers appointed, because it was unable to pay the charges on its debt. Steam locomotives running at five-minute headways left a dirty atmosphere in the tunnel that the mechanical ventilation was unable to remove, so many passengers preferred the ferries; some other urban railways had been constructed for electric traction: in 1890 the City and South London underground tube had opened with electric traction, followed in 1893 by the more local Liverpool O
A wheelchair is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability. Wheelchairs come in a wide variety of formats to meet the specific needs of their users, they may include specialized seating adaptions, individualized controls, may be specific to particular activities, as seen with sports wheelchairs and beach wheelchairs. The most recognised distinction is between powered wheelchairs, where propulsion is provided by batteries and electric motors, manually propelled wheelchairs, where the propulsive force is provided either by the wheelchair user/occupant pushing the wheelchair by hand, or by an attendant pushing from the rear; the earliest records of wheeled furniture are an inscription found on a stone slate in China and a child's bed depicted in a frieze on a Greek vase, both dating between the 6th and 5th century BCE. The first records of wheeled seats being used for transporting disabled people date to three centuries in China. A distinction between the two functions was not made for another several hundred years, until around 525 CE, when images of wheeled chairs made to carry people begin to occur in Chinese art.
Although Europeans developed a similar design, this method of transportation did not exist until 1595 when an unknown inventor from Spain built one for King Phillip II. Although it was an elaborate chair having both armrests and leg rests, the design still had shortcomings since it did not feature an efficient propulsion mechanism and thus, requires assistance to propel it; this makes the design more of a modern-day highchair or portable throne for the wealthy rather than a modern-day wheelchair for the disabled. In 1655, Stephan Farffler, a 22-year-old paraplegic watchmaker, built the world's first self-propelling chair on a three-wheel chassis using a system of cranks and cogwheels. However, the device had an appearance of a hand bike more than a wheelchair since the design included hand cranks mounted at the front wheel; the invalid carriage or Bath chair brought the technology into more common use from around 1760. In 1887, wheelchairs were introduced to Atlantic City so invalid tourists could rent them to enjoy the Boardwalk.
Soon, many healthy tourists rented the decorated "rolling chairs" and servants to push them as a show of decadence and treatment they could never experience at home. In 1933 Harry C. Jennings, Sr. and his disabled friend Herbert Everest, both mechanical engineers, invented the first lightweight, folding, portable wheelchair. Everest had broken his back in a mining accident. Everest and Jennings saw the business potential of the invention and went on to become the first mass-market manufacturers of wheelchairs, their "X-brace" design is still albeit with updated materials and other improvements. The X-brace idea came to Harry from the men’s folding “camp chairs / stools”, rotated 90 degrees, that Harry and Herbert used in the outdoors and at the mines. There are a wide variety of types of wheelchair, differing by propulsion method, mechanisms of control, technology used; some wheelchairs are designed for general everyday use, others for single activities, or to address specific access needs. Innovation within the wheelchair industry is common, but many innovations fall by the wayside, either from over-specialization, or from failing to come to market at an accessible price-point.
The iBot is the best known example of this in recent years. A self-propelled manual wheelchair incorporates a frame, one or two footplates and four wheels: two caster wheels at the front and two large wheels at the back. There will also be a separate seat cushion; the larger rear wheels have push-rims of smaller diameter projecting just beyond the tyre. Manual wheelchairs have brakes that bear on the tyres of the rear wheels, however these are a parking brake and in-motion braking is provided by the user's palms bearing directly on the push-rims; as this causes friction and heat build-up on long downslopes, many wheelchair users will choose to wear padded wheelchair gloves. Manual wheelchairs have two push handles at the upper rear of the frame to allow for manual propulsion by a second person, however many active wheelchair users will remove these to prevent unwanted pushing from people who believe they are being helpful. Everyday manual wheelchairs come in two major varieties, folding or rigid.
Folding chairs are low-end designs, whose predominant advantage is being able to fold by bringing the two sides together. However this is an advantage for part-time users who may need to store the wheelchair more than use it. Rigid wheelchairs, which are preferred by full-time and active users, have permanently welded joints and many fewer moving parts; this reduces the energy required to push the chair by eliminating many points where the chair would flex and absorb energy as it moves. Welded rather than folding joints reduce the overall weight of the chair. Rigid chairs feature instant-release rear wheels and backrests that fold down flat, allowing the user to dismantle the chair for storage in a car. A few wheelchairs attempt to combine the features of both designs by providing a fold-to-rigid mechanism in which the joints are mechanically locked when the wheelchair is in use. Many rigid models are now made with ultralight materials such as aircraft-grade aluminium and titanium, wheelchairs of
Wirral known as The Wirral, is a peninsula in North West England. The Metropolitan Borough of Wirral is part of the Liverpool City Region, it is bounded to the west by the River Dee, forming a boundary with Wales, to the east by the River Mersey, to the north by the Irish Sea. The rectangular peninsula is about 15 miles long and 7 miles wide. Wirral was wholly within Cheshire. However, since the passing of the Local Government Act 1972, only the southern third has been in Cheshire, with the rest in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral in the modern county of Merseyside. Wirral contains both affluent and deprived areas, with affluent areas in the west and north coast of the peninsula, deprived areas concentrated in the east, around the built-up district of Birkenhead; the name Wirral means "myrtle corner", from the Old English wir, a myrtle tree, heal, an angle, corner or slope. It is supposed that the land was once overgrown with bog myrtle, a plant no longer found in the area, but plentiful around Formby, to which Wirral would once have had a similar habitat.
The name was given to the Hundred of Wirral around the 8th century. The earliest evidence of human occupation of Wirral dates from the Mesolithic period, around 7000 BC. Excavations at Greasby have uncovered flint tools, signs of stake holes and a hearth used by a hunter-gatherer community. Other evidence from about the same period has been found at Irby and New Brighton. Neolithic stone axes and pottery have been found in Oxton and Meols. At Meols and New Brighton there is evidence of continuing occupation through to the Bronze Age, around 1000 BC, funerary urns of the period have been found at West Kirby and Hilbre. Before the time of the Romans, Wirral was inhabited by the Cornovii. Artefacts discovered in Meols suggest it was an important port from at least 500 BC. Traders came from Gaul and the Mediterranean localities to seek minerals from North Wales and Cheshire. There are remains of a small Iron Age fort at Burton. Around 70 AD, the Romans founded Chester. Evidence of their occupation on Wirral has been found, including the remains of a road near Mollington and Willaston.
This road may have continued to the port at Meols, which may have been used as a base for attacking the north Wales coast. Storeton Quarry may have been used by Romans for materials for sculpture. Remains of possible Roman roads have been found at Greasby and at Bidston. By the end of the Roman period, pirates were a menace to traders in the Irish Sea, soldiers may have been garrisoned at Meols to combat this threat. Although Roman rule ended with the departure of the last Roman troops in 410 coins and other material found at Meols show that it continued to operate as a trading port. Evidence of Celtic Christianity from the 5th or 6th centuries is shown in the circular shape of churchyards at Bromborough and elsewhere, in the dedication of the parish church at Wallasey to a 4th-century bishop, Hilary of Poitiers; the Celtic names of Liscard and Landican both suggest an ancient British origin. The name of Wallasey, meaning "Welsh island", is evidence of British settlement; the Welsh name, both ancient and modern, for Wirral is Cilgwri.
In Welsh mythology, the ouzel of Cilgwri was one of the most ancient creatures in the world. The Anglo-Saxons under Æthelfrith, king of Northumbria, laid waste to Chester around 616. Æthelfrith withdrew, leaving the area west and south of the Mersey to become part of Mercia, Anglo-Saxon settlers took over Wirral except the northern tip. Many of Wirral's villages, such as Willaston and Sutton, were established and named at this time. Towards the end of the 9th century, the Norsemen or Vikings began raiding the area, they settled along the Dee side of the peninsula, along the sea coast, giving their villages names such as Kirby and Meols. They introduced their own local government system with a parliament at Thingwall; the pseudo-historical Fragmentary Annals of Ireland appears to record the Norse settlement of the Wirral peninsula in its account of the immigration of Ingimundr near Chester. This Irish source places this settlement in the aftermath of the Vikings' expulsion from Dublin in 902, an unsuccessful attempt to settle on Anglesey soon afterwards.
Following these setbacks, Ingimundr is stated to have settled near Chester with the consent of Æthelflæd, co-ruler of Mercia. The boundary of the Norse colony is believed to have passed south of Neston and Raby, along Dibbinsdale. Evidence of the Norse presence in Wirral can still be seen from place name evidence – such as the common -by – suffixes and names such as Tranmere, which comes from trani melr; the finding of two hogback tombstones corroborates this. Recent Y-DNA research has revealed the genetic trail left by male Vikings in Wirral relatively high rates of the haplogroup R1a, associated in Britain with Norse ancestry. Bromborough in Wirral is one of the possible sites of an epic battle in 937, the Battle of Brunanburh, which confirmed England as an Anglo-Saxon kingdom; this is the first battle where England united to fight the combined forces of the Norsemen and the Scots, thus historians consider it the birthplace of England. The battle site covered a large area of Wirral. Egil's Saga, a story which tells of the battle, may have referred to Wirral as Wen Heath, Vínheíþr in Icelandic.
Birkenhead Dock Branch
Birkenhead Dock Branch is a disused railway line running from the South junction of Rock Ferry, to the site of the former Bidston Dock on the Wirral Peninsula, England. The branch is 4 1⁄2 miles in length. Although called a branch, the line was accessible from both ends, from Bidston East junction and from Rock Ferry railway station; the former Mollington Street Rail Depot was branched into the line. A section of the line runs through Haymarket Tunnel and a low-level cutting through the centre of Birkenhead; the disused Canning Street North signal box and level crossing are situated on the branch. Level crossings are located at Duke Street and Wallasey Bridge Road; the steel railway lines are still intact never being raised. At the northern end of the branch, disused goods yards are situated parallel to Birkenhead North TMD, Wallasey Bridge Road sidings and, adjacent to the Kingsway Tunnel approach road, Bidston Dock sidings; these two sets of sidings are accessible by rail, through a series of points between Birkenhead North TMD and Bidston station.
Up until the 1980s, goods yards around the docks were much more extensive, with lines along the sides of both East and West Float. Further lines and sidings were along Duke Street, around Vittoria Dock, along Four Bridges Road and Birkenhead Road into Seacombe, in the area around Wallasey and Morpeth Docks; the northern part of the track to the west of Canning Street North signal box and to the east of Wallasey Bridge Road level crossing, was owned by Mersey Docks and Harbour Company. It is presently understood to be in the ownership of Peel Holdings; the main part of this section runs parallel, on the northern side, to Corporation Road, across Duke Street, parallel Beaufort Road. The sections of the branch between and inclusive of Rock Ferry railway station, Canning Street North signal box, the section west of Wallasey Bridge Road level crossing are understood to have been in the ownership of Railtrack and, Network Rail. Most of the trackwork is still in place, along the line. However, most of the sidings at Bidston Dock, all of the sidings at Wallasey Bridge Road and Mollington Street Depot have been removed, though the track foundation remains serviceable in all of these places.
The track from Bidston East Junction to Bidston station has been removed, here, the track foundation remains serviceable. Cavendish sidings have been replaced with warehouses adjacent to West Float. Further up the line, the tunnel from Birkenhead Town to Birkenhead Woodside has been infilled. Two of the four tracks in the Haymarket Tunnel have been removed. Mollington Link bridge has been narrowed to a twin-track width; as yet, no track has been relaid onto the Mollington Link bridge. The line is overgrown with flora, along its entire duration. There has been a degree of flytipping on the line in the centre of Birkenhead. During February and March 2016, tree clearance work was undertaken for safety reasons from Rock Ferry towards Birkenhead; as part of the Chester and Birkenhead Railway, the railway from Rock Ferry to Birkenhead Town is one of the oldest stretches of track in the world. The line was completed and opened on 23 September 1838, less than nine years after the Rainhill Trials, across the River Mersey, on the outskirts of Liverpool.
Before Monks Ferry was opened in 1844, the line was to a temporary terminus known as Birkenhead Grange Lane station. Grange Lane engine shed was opened on 23 September 1840; the 1.125 mi section, from Grange Lane to Bridge End near Cathcart Street, was built into a cutting known as the Sough, opening the same day as Birkenhead Park, on 5 April 1847. The connection with the Great Western Railway at Green Lane Junction was made in 1847. In 1856-7, the Birkenhead Railway acquired a pair of 0-4-0T saddle tank locomotives, for use around the docks, from Sharp, Stewart; these were renumbered as 95 and 96 by the GWR, after the joint takeover of the railway, with the LNWR, in 1860. At Bidston, the line was connected to the Great Central Railway in 1896. Ownership of the railway circa. 1913-1914 was as follows: Rock Ferry to Canning Street North was controlled by Birkenhead Joint Railway, whose ownership was shared between the GWR and LNWR. The track from Canning Street North to Wallasey Bridge Road was operated by the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board.
The route from Wallasey Bridge Road, around the remnant of Wallasey Pool, to the site of the as-yet unbuilt Bidston Dock, was operated by the Wirral Railway. The Class 9F locomotive 92203 named as Black Prince, worked the final steam-hauled iron ore train from Bidston Dock in November 1967. During the BR era, the line was used by various classes of diesel locomotive for hauling offloaded iron ore from Bidston Dock, to the John Summers Steelworks in Shotton; the John Summers wagons came under the TOPS code of PHO. Loaded, a train was limited to eleven of these wagons; this work was carried out by engines with a high traction capacity either a Class 40 locomotive, or pairs of Class 24 or Class 25 locomotives. However, pairs of Class 20 diesels were occasionally used, although infrequently; this work was ceased in March 1980. Between 1983 and 1985, Class 503 electric multiple units were stored at Cavendish Sidings, before scrapping. Amongst the few and final passenger workings on the line was the Birkenhead Bandit railtour, hauled by Class 40 locomotive 40122 D200, on 16 February 1985.
Others included the Mersey Meanderer railtour on 19 April 1986, Hertfordshire Rail Tours' Wirral Withershins charter on 18 January 1986 and their Cheshire Cat charter, on 24 June 1989. Goods workings continued on the line, for traf