Iceland national football team
The Iceland national football team represents Iceland in international football. The team is controlled by the Football Association of Iceland; the team has enjoyed success in the second half of the 2010s. In the qualifying rounds for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Iceland reached the playoffs before losing to Croatia. Iceland reached its first major tournament, UEFA Euro 2016, after a qualification campaign which included home and away wins over the Netherlands. In doing so, they became the smallest nation to qualify for a major tournament. After advancing to the knockout stages of Euro 2016, Iceland defeated England in the Round of 16, advancing to the quarter-finals, where they lost to host nation France 5–2, they became the smallest nation by population to clinch a FIFA World Cup berth when they qualified for the 2018 tournament on 9 October 2017. Although Úrvalsdeild, the Icelandic Football League, was founded in 1912, the country's first international match was played on 29 July 1930, against the Faroe Islands.
Although Iceland won 1–0 away, both teams were at the time unaffiliated with FIFA. The first match recognised by FIFA took place in Reykjavík on 17 July 1946, a 0–3 loss to Denmark; the first international victory was against Finland in 1947. For the first 20 years of the Football Association of Iceland's existence the team did not participate in qualifying for the FIFA World Cup or the UEFA European Championship. In 1954, Iceland applied to take part in qualification for the 1954 World Cup, but the application was rejected. In qualification for the 1958 World Cup, Iceland finished last in their group with zero wins, conceding 26 goals. In 1980, Iceland won the first edition of the friendly tournament known as the Greenland Cup. Since 1974, the team has taken part in qualifying for every World European Championship. In 1994, the team reached their best position in the FIFA World Rankings, 37th; this record stood until 2016. In a friendly against Estonia on 24 April 1996 in Tallinn, Eiður Smári Guðjohnsen entered as a substitute for his father Arnór.
This marked the first time that a son played in the same international match. In qualification for Euro 2004, Iceland finished third in one point behind Scotland; as a result, they failed to qualify for a playoff spot. In 2014, Iceland secured qualification for their first World Cup. Finishing second in Group D, they played Croatia in a two-leg playoff for qualification. After holding them to a 0–0 draw in the home leg, they lost 2–0 away. Iceland qualified for a major tournament for the first time in 2015 after finishing second in Group A of qualification for Euro 2016, losing only two games, beating the Netherlands – which had finished third in the 2014 World Cup – twice. During the qualification, they reached their highest ranking in the FIFA World Rankings, 23rd. Iceland were drawn into a group with Portugal and Austria for the final tournament. At the tournament finals, Iceland recorded 1–1 draws in their first two group stage matches against Portugal and Hungary, they advanced from their group with a 2–1 victory against Austria.
Iceland qualified for the tournament's quarter-finals after a shock 2–1 win over England in the Round of 16, which led England manager Roy Hodgson to resign after the final whistle. However, they were eliminated by host nation France in the quarter-finals, 5–2. Iceland qualified for the 2018 World Cup, their first appearance in the world championship, securing qualification on 9 October 2017 after a 2–0 win against Kosovo, they became the lowest-populated country to reach the final tournament, this is considered the greatest moment in Icelandic sports history as they qualified for the World Cup for the first time in the country’s history. Iceland were drawn to play Croatia and Nigeria in a group, considered by many as the "group of death". Despite a challenging group, Iceland were tipped to advance from the group by several journalist websites, based on their impressive performance in Euro 2016, their maiden match at the World Cup was against 2014 runners-up Argentina, with Iceland holding Argentina to a 1–1 draw, had proven it.
However, their chances of advancing from the group were hurt following a 2–0 loss to Nigeria, putting Iceland to play with full determination against qualified Croatia. Iceland lost to Croatia in their final group game. For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page. Win Draw Loss Group D 2018–19 UEFA Nations League A - Group 2 Group H Greenland Cup Winners: 1980, 1984 China Cup Runners-up: 2017 The following players were called up for UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying matches against Andorra and France on 22 March and 25 March 2019. All caps and goals are correct as of 25 March 2019 after the match against France; the following players have been called up to the Iceland squad in the last 12 months. INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury. PRE Preliminary squad. RET Player retired from the national team. SUS Player is serving suspension; the official kit is produced by Italian sports manufacturing company Erreà since 2002. Before that the kit providers were Adidas, ABM and Reusch.
As of 25 March 2019, the 20 players with the most caps for Iceland are: Note: Some unofficial matches are counted for some players, as per the KSÍ count. In bold players still playing or available for selection; as of 25 March 2019, the 20 players with the
Knattspyrnufélagið Fram is an Icelandic sports club, best known for its football and handball teams. It was founded on 1 May 1908 in Reykjavík, it is based in the Háaleiti og Bústaðir district near Reykjavík city centre. The football team plays in the second division, the 1. Deild karla after being relegated in the 2014 season; the club has strong handball teams. Other sports offered by the club include basketball and skiing. Fram is one of the most successful clubs in Iceland: it has eighteen national championship titles and seven national cup titles, it is regarded as one of the biggest teams in Iceland and the best known Icelandic football team in Europe. Fram dominated Icelandic football in early 1990s, they were relegated from the top division in 2005, but after one year in the men's second tier, they returned to the top flight in 2006. They are the current holders of the Icelandic Cup. In the 1970s and 1980s, Fram men's basketball team won four championships in the second-tier 1. Deild karla.
Its best season came in 1981-1982 when the team won the Icelandic cup and finished second in the top-tier Úrvalsdeild karla. The clubs basketball program was discontinued after the' 86-87 season, it had a brief revitalization in the 2010s, playing three seasons the 2. Deild karla from 2010 to 2013 and making it to the playoffs in 2012 and 2013; the football club was established in Reykjavík. The club was started by several boys around 13 years old, or living in the area around Tjarnargata, near the centre of Reykjavík. One group member, Peter J. H. Magnusson, had bought a football and the football was used and provided all summer; the first football club was in this informal company. No board was appointed, no written laws and the club did not have a name. From this was added to the first formal meeting, on 15 March 1909. With the approach of Spring, the local footballers convened a meeting. Soon it got more serious and the boys started meeting more and in the end the club Fram or Kári like the first name of the club was, became a real Football club.
The first name of the club was Kári, but on the name was changed to Fram which it has been since. The first Icelandic championship was in 1912. Fram came second in that year. From 1913 to 1919 Fram Reykjavík was unbeatable; the 1913 season was the second season of Úrvalsdeild. The 1914–19 proved to be more fruitful, the club won six consecutive league titles from 1913 through to 1919, Fram Reykjavík won 1913 as the only entrant, it was their first title. Fram Reykjavík won again 1914. Three teams took part this season with Valur entering for the first time. Fram Reykjavík won the championship. Fram Reykjavík welcomed once again the title after draw against KR in the last match, with the highest amount of points. KR protested a lot against that, the result was that Fram Reykjavík and KR had to play a final match which Fram won 3–1. In those years Fram Reykjavík was unbeatable and it wasn't until 1919 that they lost again, but 1921, 1922, 1925 the club won again. But it was a long wait for the next title.
The main striker Friðþjófur Thorsteinsson moved to Canada and never came back, after the best striker left there was no one to come instead. From 1936 to 1939 Hermann Lindemann had been successful, but it wasn't good enough for the fans as no title had yet come. So in 1939 the German superstar went home to carry on with his own career in Germany which he protested against because of World War II. During that time Fram Reykjavik had a fantastic team from 1946 to 1948, with Ríkharður Jónsson in the team. Shortly afterwards the world war stopped play, but in 1939 four teams contested and Fram Reykjavík won the League. Despite having one −1 goal in score they were still number one on the table. In 1942, after beating Víkingur R at Melavöllur 2–1 in a match played in unusually cold summer weather, Fram Reykjavík came second to Valur by losing in extra time. Ríkharður Jónsson was studying in Reykjavík and during that time Iceland's most talented soccer player played for Fram; the team lineup for this year was the best in Fram Reykjavik's history.
The 1950s were nothing compared with 1939–1948. The Fram Reykjavík Handball team became one of Europe's biggest handball clubs, as did the national team. Meanwhile, the football club had done much better and Fram Reykjavík remained a top three club in Iceland, albeit achieving titles less than before. 1962 was different Fram Reykjavík managed to win the league and 62–64 the club fought about every single title existing, but it seem like something bad has happened from 1965 to 1967 because it wasn't until that Fram Reykjavík were number two in the league and showed they were back among the best, the 1970s and 1980s were to be more successful. Still the team was said to have played entertaining football. In the years that followed, the club worked more with the Youth club; the 1970s and 1980s were maybe Fram Reykjavík's golden age. In 1970 Fram Reykjavík was no doubt back on top: their player Kristinn Jörundsson scored 10 goals. Fram finished second, four points behind ÍA, thus qualified for the UEFA Cup.
In 1972 Fram Reykjavík won their first title since 1962. In 1970, 1973 and 1979 Fram Reykjavík won the Visa Cup – on the two last occasions by scoring in the final seconds. In 1975 the club was unlucky not to win the league again. At that time several of their players were in the national football team; that summer Real Madrid, with players like Günter Netzer, visited Reykjavík and beat a Fram side. Guðmundur Torfason, a young Fram player
Eliteserien is a Norwegian professional league for association football clubs. At the top of the Norwegian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the 1. Divisjon. Seasons run from March to November with each team playing 30 matches. Most games are played on Sunday evenings. Eliteserien was founded in 1937 as Norgesserien, the first season was the 1937–38 season; the structure and organisation of Eliteserien along with Norway's other football leagues have undergone frequent changes right up to the present day. Starting with the 2017 season the league is called Eliteserien after NFF decided to drop the sponsor name from the name of the league after the 2016 season; the broadcasting rights were in December 2015 secured by Discovery Networks who signed a six-year deal giving them rights to broadcast all the 240 games in Eliteserien from 2017 to 2023. The deal was worth; the league generates NOK 400 million per year in domestic television rights.
Sixteen clubs have won the title since the inception of the league in 1937: Rosenborg, Viking, Lillestrøm, Vålerenga, Larvik Turn, Lyn, Strømsgodset, Fram Larvik, Moss and Stabæk. In 2010, Rosenborg became, still remain, the only club to complete an Eliteserien campaign without losing a single game; the record of most points in a season is 71 by Molde in 2014. Since its establishment as a one-group top flight in 1963, forty-seven clubs have competed in Eliteserien. Before 1937, there was no national league competition in Norway. Starting in 1937–38, the various regional leagues in Southern Norway were aligned into eight districts, with a championship playoff between the winners to crown a national champion; this competition was called Norgesserien. In the early years, the top flight teams were divided into eleven groups from eight districts; the league champion was decided in either a knockout tournament or a final between the winners of these groups. Fredrikstad was the first champions of the league, winning the 1937–38 season.
They won the two-legged final against Lyn 4–0 on aggregate. Fredrikstad defended their title in the 1938–39 season. From the 1937–38 season and until the beginning of World War II, the teams were divided into eight district groups. There were plans at the time to merge the district leagues into a national competition, but because of World War II, this process was delayed until after the war, although the first post-war season in 1947–48 had eleven district-based groups. In 1948, Hovedserien was created, consisting of the 16 top teams from the district leagues, who were placed into two groups of eight, with the group winners playing a two-legged final for the national championship at the end of the season; this format was in place from the 1948–49 season until 1960–61, when it was decided to merge the two groups into a single top division, have the season follow the calendar year from 1963 onwards. The 1950s were dominated by Larvik Turn. Fredrikstad won their latest league title in 1960–61, which secured their ninth title out of sixteen possible.
Larvik Turn won Hovedserien three times in four seasons from 1955–56. The 1961–62 season was played during 15 months; the teams from the two groups in the 1960–61 top division were put in one group consisting of 16 teams. The 1961–62 season became a transitional season, where the 16 top-flight teams were placed in a single group, playing a season that went on for 15 months and one half of its teams were relegated. Still known as Hovedserien, the 1961–62 season is referred to as Maratonserien due to its unusual length, and was won by Brann. In 1963, a single top division containing ten teams was introduced, the league was renamed 1. Divisjon; the first regular one-league season was played spring-autumn and was won by title defenders Brann in 1963. The league was expanded to 12 teams in 1972. Teams from Northern Norway were not allowed to gain promotion to the top division before 1972, were subject to stricter promotion rules than teams from the rest of Norway until 1979. Viking won the league four consecutive seasons beginning in 1972.
Lillestrøm won back-to-back titles in 1976 and 1977. In 1979 teams from Northern Norway were given the same promotion rights as the rest of the country. In the beginning of the 1980s, Vålerengen were the dominant team, with their titles from 1981, 1983 and 1984. In 1990, the league was renamed Tippeligaen, after Norsk Tipping, the main sponsor of the league since then. However, unofficially the league was still known as 1. Divisjon by most people, and ahead of the 1991-season it was decided to let the second level league of Norwegian football "inherit" the name 1. Divisjon to help Tippeligaen establish as a brand. Rosenborg of Trondheim won the first year the league bore the name Tippeligaen in 1990. Followed by a win by Viking of Stavanger in 1991. In 1992, Rosenborg started a run of 13 consecutive titles. During the first years of Rosenborg's thirteen-year run, they won the league with substantial margins, only challenged by Bodø/Glimt, Lillestrøm and Brann. However, this was narrowing down towards a dramatic finish in 2004, where the Trondheim team tied with Vålerenga of Oslo in game points and on goal difference, but finished ahead on number of goals scored.
However, in 2005 the winning streak came to an end as
Knattspyrnufélag Akureyrar, abbreviated KA, is an Icelandic multi-sport club based in Akureyri in the north of Iceland. The club was founded in 1928; the football team plays in Úrvalsdeild and have won the top flight once in 1989. The club offers various sports including football, judo and racket sports, its main rival is another sports club in Þór Akureyri. The two clubs merged to form ÍB Akureyri from 1928 to 1974. Before the 2006–2007 Icelandic handball season, they merged their handball clubs to form Akureyri Handboltafélag. In 2017, KA reinstated the KA Handball section, they have once been the Icelandic champions, in 1989 after a tough fight against FH. FH were in the lead until their final match, against relegated team Fylkir. FH lost and KA obtained the title for the first time in their history. KA play at Akureyrarvöllur and have their training ground at KA-Heimilið; as of 4 February 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. NotesPR: Preliminary Round 1R: First round 1Q: First qualifying round 2Q: Second qualifying round 3Q: Third qualifying round PO: Play-off round Icelandic Champion: Gold medal: 1989 Icelandic Cup: Runners-up: 1992, 2001, 2004 Icelandic League Cup: Runners-up: 2015 Icelandic Super Cup: Champions: 1990 Since 1999, KA has fielded a joint women's team with neighbouring club Þór Akureyri under the name Þór/KA in the top level league Úrvalsdeild.
In 2006 the team finished 7th of 8 teams, 8th/9 in 2007, the reaching a good 4th/10 in 2008 and bettering those results with 3rd/10 in 2009 and a second-place finish in 2010. As Iceland was in the top 8 leagues of UEFA, those second place was enough to qualify for the 2011–12 UEFA Women's Champions League; the team lost 14 -- 2 on aggregate to German team Turbine Potsdam. In 2010 the team went to the semi-finals in the Icelandic cup, losing to the eventual winner Valur. In 1989 and 2013 they lost the cup final. In 2012 Þór/KA finished first in the Úrvalsdeild and secured its first Icelandic championship. On September 29, 2017, the club secured its second national championship by defeating FH, in the last game of the season, 2–0 with goals from Sandra Jessen and Sandra Stephany Mayor. Úrvalsdeild kvenna: 20121, 20171 Icelandic Women's Football Cup: Runner-up: 20131 Icelandic Division I: 19922, 19991 Icelandic Championships: Gold medal: 1997, 2002 Icelandic Cup: Champions: 1995, 1996, 2004 Icelandic League Cup: Champions: 1996, 1998, 2001 1.
Deild kvenna: Gold medal: 2018 Icelandic Championships: Gold medal: 1989, 1991, 2010, 2011, 2018 Icelandic Cup: Champions: 1991, 1992, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2018 Icelandic League Cup: Champions: 1989, 1991, 1994, 2010, 2011, 2018, 2019 As of 20 December 2018 Official website supporters site
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland. It is located on the southern shore of Faxa Bay, its latitude is 64°08' N, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. With a population of around 128,793, it is the heart of Iceland's cultural and governmental activity, is a popular tourist destination. Reykjavík is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland, according to Ingólfr Arnarson, was established in AD 874; until the 19th century, there was no urban development in the city location. The city was founded in 1786 as an official trading town and grew over the following decades, as it transformed into a regional and national centre of commerce and governmental activities, it is among the cleanest and safest cities in the world. The first permanent settlement in Iceland by Norsemen is believed to have been established at Reykjavík by Ingólfr Arnarson around AD 870. Ingólfur Arnarson is said to have decided the location of his settlement using a traditional Norse method.
The story about the pillars is dubious to many people. He settled near the hot springs to keep warm in the winter and would not have determined it by happenstance. Furthermore the probability of the pillars drifting to that location from where they were said to have been thrown from the boat seems improbable; that is what the Landnamabok says and says furthermore that Ingolf's pillars are still to be found in a house there in town. Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name, which loosely translates to Smoke Cove. In the modern language, as in English, the word for'smoke' and the word for fog or steamy vapour are not confused but this is believed to have been the case in the old language; the original name was Reykjarvík with an additional "r" that had vanished around 1800. The Reykjavík area was farmland until the 18th century. In 1752, the King of Denmark, Frederik V, donated the estate of Reykjavík to the Innréttingar Corporation; the leader of this movement was Skúli Magnússon.
In the 1750s, several houses were built to house the wool industry, Reykjavík's most important employer for a few decades and the original reason for its existence. Other industries were undertaken by the Innréttingar, such as fisheries, sulphur mining and shipbuilding; the Danish Crown abolished monopoly trading in 1786 and granted six communities around the country an exclusive trading charter. Reykjavík was the only one to hold on to the charter permanently. 1786 is thus regarded as the date of the city's founding. Trading rights were limited to subjects of the Danish Crown, Danish traders continued to dominate trade in Iceland. Over the following decades, their business in Iceland expanded. After 1880, free trade was expanded to all nationalities, the influence of Icelandic merchants started to grow. Icelandic nationalist sentiment gained influence in the 19th century, the idea of Icelandic independence became widespread. Reykjavík, as Iceland's only city, was central to such ideas. Advocates of an independent Iceland realized that a strong Reykjavík was fundamental to that objective.
All the important events in the history of the independence struggle were important to Reykjavík as well. In 1845 Alþingi, the general assembly formed in 930 AD, was re-established in Reykjavík. At the time it functioned only as an advisory assembly; the location of Alþingi in Reykjavík established the city as the capital of Iceland. In 1874, Iceland was given a constitution; the next step was to move most of the executive power to Iceland: Home Rule was granted in 1904 when the office of Minister For Iceland was established in Reykjavík. The biggest step towards an independent Iceland was taken on 1 December 1918 when Iceland became a sovereign country under the Crown of Denmark, the Kingdom of Iceland. By the 1920s and 1930s most of the growing Icelandic fishing trawler fleet sailed from Reykjavík. On the morning of 10 May 1940, following the German occupation of Denmark and Norway on 9 April 1940, four British warships approached Reykjavík and anchored in the harbour. In a few hours, the allied occupation of Reykjavík was complete.
There was no armed resistance, taxi and truck drivers assisted the invasion force, which had no motor vehicles. The Icelandic government had received many requests from the British government to consent to the occupation, but it always declined on the basis of the Neutrality Policy. For the remaining years of World War II, British and American soldiers occupied camps in Reykjavík, the number of foreign soldiers in Reykjavík became about the same as the local population of the city; the Royal Regiment of Canada formed part of the garrison in Iceland during the early part of the war. The economic effects of the occupation were positive for Reykjavík: the unemployment of the Depression years va