Mid North Coast
The Mid North Coast is a country region in the north-east of the state of New South Wales, Australia. Of these Taree, Port Macquarie and Coffs Harbour are the commercial centres, all with large shopping centres, public facilities. Kempsey and Forster-Tuncurry are considered semi-major commercial centres, smaller towns that are popular tourist spots are North Haven, South West Rocks and Pacific Palms. The region has a climate and is known for its beaches. Major industries are farming and tourism, the following local government areas are contained within the region, The Coffs Coast extends from the village of Brooms Head in the north and as far south as the small seaside town of Scotts Head. It includes the Sandon, Bellinger and Nambucca River catchments/drainage basins. The Coffs Coast services a regional catchment of over 200,000 people, with about 68,000 living in the City of Coffs Harbour,13,000 in the Bellingen Shire, the area has younger population, with the average age being 33 years of age.
The area is becoming known for Internet Start ups - with companies like Google, three bus services run throughout the region, Sawtell Coaches and Ryans Bus Service. Sawtell Coaches run various services throughout Coffs Harbour city and to the suburbs of Boambee, Busways run services throughout Coffs Harbour city down south as far as Scotts Head and west into Bellingen. Ryans Bus services run throughout Coffs Harbour City and run North to Woolgoolga on a regular basis, there are several railway stations on the Coffs Coast serviced by 3 trains, the Grafton, the Casino and the Brisbane XPT trains. Each run north and south once a day, stations include Coffs Harbour, Urunga, Nambucca Heads and Macksville. Rail is the fastest and cheapest way to get to either Sydney, regions of New South Wales Local Government Directory
JSTOR is a digital library founded in 1995. Originally containing digitized back issues of journals, it now includes books and primary sources. It provides full-text searches of almost 2,000 journals, more than 8,000 institutions in more than 160 countries have access to JSTOR, most access is by subscription, but some older public domain content is freely available to anyone. William G. Bowen, president of Princeton University from 1972 to 1988, JSTOR originally was conceived as a solution to one of the problems faced by libraries, especially research and university libraries, due to the increasing number of academic journals in existence. Most libraries found it prohibitively expensive in terms of cost and space to maintain a collection of journals. By digitizing many journal titles, JSTOR allowed libraries to outsource the storage of journals with the confidence that they would remain available long-term, online access and full-text search ability improved access dramatically. Bowen initially considered using CD-ROMs for distribution, JSTOR was initiated in 1995 at seven different library sites, and originally encompassed ten economics and history journals. JSTOR access improved based on feedback from its sites.
Special software was put in place to make pictures and graphs clear, with the success of this limited project and Kevin Guthrie, then-president of JSTOR, wanted to expand the number of participating journals. They met with representatives of the Royal Society of London and an agreement was made to digitize the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society dating from its beginning in 1665, the work of adding these volumes to JSTOR was completed by December 2000. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded JSTOR initially, until January 2009 JSTOR operated as an independent, self-sustaining nonprofit organization with offices in New York City and in Ann Arbor, Michigan. JSTOR content is provided by more than 900 publishers, the database contains more than 1,900 journal titles, in more than 50 disciplines. Each object is identified by an integer value, starting at 1. In addition to the site, the JSTOR labs group operates an open service that allows access to the contents of the archives for the purposes of corpus analysis at its Data for Research service.
This site offers a facility with graphical indication of the article coverage. Users may create focused sets of articles and request a dataset containing word and n-gram frequencies and they are notified when the dataset is ready and may download it in either XML or CSV formats. The service does not offer full-text, although academics may request that from JSTOR, JSTOR Plant Science is available in addition to the main site. The materials on JSTOR Plant Science are contributed through the Global Plants Initiative and are only to JSTOR
Aboriginal Australians are legally defined as people who are members of the Aboriginal race of Australia. Until the 1980s, the legal and administrative criterion for inclusion in this category was race. In the era of colonial and post-colonial government, access to human rights depended upon your race. If you were a full blooded Aboriginal native, the Constitution of Australia, in its original form as of 1901, referred to Aboriginals twice, but without definition. Section 51 gave the Commonwealth parliament power to legislate with respect to the people of any throughout the Commonwealth. The purpose of this provision was to give the Commonwealth power to regulate non-white immigrant workers, the only other reference, Section 127, provided simply that aboriginal natives shall not be counted in reckoning the size of the population of the Commonwealth or any part of it. The purpose of section 127 was to prevent the inclusion of Aboriginal people in section 24 determinations of the distribution of House of Representatives seats amongst the states and territories, after both of these references were removed by the 1967 referendum, the Australian Constitution had no references to Aboriginals.
Since that time, there have been a number of proposals to amend the constitution to specifically mention Indigenous Australians, the change to Section 51 gave the Commonwealth parliament the power to make laws specifically with respect to Aboriginal peoples as a race. The case concerned an application of legislation that would preserve cultural heritage of Aboriginal Tasmanians and it was held that Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders, together or separately, and any part of either, could be regarded as a race for this purpose. As to the criteria for identifying a person as a member of such a race, Deane said, It is unnecessary, for the purposes of the present case, to consider the meaning to be given to the phrase people of any race in s.51. Plainly, the words have a wide and non-technical meaning, the phrase is, in my view, apposite to refer to all Australian Aboriginals collectively. Any doubt, which might otherwise exist in regard, is removed by reference to the wording of par.
The phrase is apposite to refer to any identifiable racial sub-group among Australian Aboriginals, while Deanes three-part definition reaches beyond the biological criterion to individuals self-identification, it has been criticised as continuing to accept the biological criterion as primary. It has been difficult to apply, both in each of its parts and as to the relations among the parts, biological descent has been a fall-back criterion. If it is to be used to refer to us as a group of people. This has just really crept up on us and we are very happy with our involvement with indigenous people around the world, on the international forum because theyre our brothers and sisters. But we do object to it being used here in Australia and her lecture offered a new perspective on the terms urban, traditional and of Indigenous descent as used to define and categorise Aboriginal Australians. She said, Not only are these categories inappropriate, they serve to divide us, governments insistence on categorising us with modern words like urban, traditional and of Aboriginal descent are really only replacing old terms half-caste and full-blood – based on our colouring
It often buries itself in sand with only its eyes exposed. The fish is sandy to whitish in colour, with brown spots over most of the back and upper sides. It has a length of 14 cm. It is similar in appearance to the smooth toadfish, but has smaller spots, like some other fish, the common toadfish is able to vary the amount of pigment in its cornea, which becomes yellow in colour under bright light. It is used as a fish for brackish-water aquariums. Along with related species, it is known in Australia as a toadie. As with other fish of family, the flesh is poisonous, due to tetrodotoxin. Aquarium fishery Smooth toadfish, Tetractenos glaber List of brackish aquarium fish species
The adult tree has a rounded crown, and commonly measures 7–12 metres tall, however in exceptional circumstances M. azedarach can attain a height of 45 metres. The leaves are up to 50 centimetres long, long-petioled, the flowers are small and fragrant, with five pale purple or lilac petals, growing in clusters. The fruit is a drupe, marble-sized, light yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, Melia azedarach should not be confused with the Azadirachta trees, which are in the same family, but a different genus. Names in other languages include malai vembu, zanzalakht, dharek or dhraik, ghora neem, hebbevu in Kannada, Shandai in Pashto, vilayati neem in Bundelkhand, and bkain in Haryana, East Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, India. It has been naturalized in Madagascar, where it is called voandelaka, the main utility of chinaberry is its timber. This is of density, and ranges in colour from light brown to dark red. In appearance it is confused with the unrelated Burmese teak. Melia azedarach – in keeping with other members of the family Meliaceae – has a timber of high quality, seasoning is relatively simple, in that planks dry without cracking or warping and are resistant to fungal infection.
The taste of the leaves is not as bitter as neem, the hard, five-grooved seeds were widely used for making rosaries and other products requiring beads, the seeds were replaced by plastics. The cut branches with mature fruit are sold commercially to the florist, the fruits may persist for some time prior to shattering off the stem or discoloring, which occurs rapidly after a relatively short time in subfreezing weather. In Kenya the trees have grown by farmers and used as fodder trees. The leaves can be fed to cattle to improve milk yields, fruits are poisonous to humans if eaten in quantity. However, like those of the yew tree, these toxins are not harmful to birds, the birds that are able to eat the fruit spread the seeds in their droppings. The toxins are neurotoxins and unidentified resins, found mainly in the fruits, the first symptoms of poisoning appear a few hours after ingestion. They may include loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhea, bloody faeces, stomach pain, pulmonary congestion, cardiac arrest, lack of coordination, death may take place after about 24 hours.
Like in relatives, tetranortriterpenoids constitute an important toxic principle and these are chemically related to azadirachtin, the primary insecticidal compound in the commercially important neem oil. These compounds are related to the wood and seeds resistance to pest infestation. Leaves have been used as an insecticide to keep with stored food
A totem is a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, lineage, or tribe. However, the people of those cultures have words for their guardian spirits in their own languages. Totem poles of the Pacific Northwest of North America are monumental poles of heraldry and they feature many different designs that function as crests of families or chiefs. They recount stories owned by families or chiefs, or commemorate special occasions. Totemism is a associated with animistic religions. The totem is usually an animal or other natural figure that represents a group of related people such as a clan. Scottish ethnologist John Ferguson McLennan, following the vogue of 19th-century research, addressed totemism in a perspective in his study The Worship of Animals. McLennan did not seek to explain the origin of the totemistic phenomenon. If the origin of the name was forgotten, Lang argued, through nature myths animals and natural objects were considered as the relatives, patrons, or ancestors of the respective social units.
In 1910, Russian American ethnologist Alexander Goldenweiser, subjected totemistic phenomena to sharp criticism, the leading representative of British social anthropology, A. R. As a chief representative of modern structuralism, French ethnologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, and to a lesser extent fiction writers, often use anthropological concepts, including the anthropological understanding of totemism. For this reason literary criticism often resorts to psychoanalytic, anthropological analyses
Wilson River (New South Wales)
Wilson River, a perennial river of the Hastings River catchment, is located in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The river descends 559 metres over its 69 kilometres course, rivers of New South Wales List of rivers of New South Wales List of rivers of Australia Wilson River Camden Haven and Hastings River catchments
Taree is a town on the Mid North Coast, New South Wales, Australia. Taree and nearby Cundletown were settled in 1831 by William Wynter, since Taree has grown to a population of around 26,400 and is the centre of a significant agricultural district. It is 16 km from the Tasman Sea coast, and 317 km north of Sydney, Taree can be reached by train via the North Coast Railway, and by the Pacific Highway. Taree is within the government area of Mid-Coast Council, the state electorate of Myall Lakes. 100 acres had been set aside for the township and 40 lots were initially sold. Taree was declared a municipality on 26 March 1885 and the first municipal council was elected by the residents and this changed, when the North Coast railway line was connected to Taree in 1913. Although connected to the railway, sea transport continued to dominate along the North Coast until the 1930s and this changed when the Martin Bridge replaced the ferry across the Manning River in 1940. The oldest surviving building in Taree is the old St Pauls Presbyterian Church, built in 1869 in the Victorian Gothic Revival style, next door to the current building, Taree experiences a humid subtropical climate.
Taree gets around 102.5 sunny days annually, the Manning River Times is based in Taree. All major digital-only television channels are available in Taree, the networks and the channels they broadcast are listed as follows, Prime7/Channel Seven, 7Two and 7Mate. Southern Cross Ten, ONE and ELEVEN, aBC1, ABC2/ABC4Kids, ABC3 and ABC News 24, part of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. SBS ONE, SBS2 and NITV, part of the Special Broadcasting Service, NBN Television and Channel Seven broadcast local news bulletins at 6. 00pm. Prime Television, NBN Television and Southern Cross Ten all maintain offices in the city, there are four local radio stations, commercial stations 2RE and Max FM and community stations 2BOB and 2TLP. The ABC broadcasts Triple J, ABC Classic FM, Radio National, rhema FM Manning Great Lakes broadcasts from studios in nearby Wingham and Racing Radio is broadcast to Taree. Nearby towns include historic Wingham and the town of Old Bar. A local tourist attraction is a building called The Worlds Largest Oyster, Big Things are a common form of tourist attraction in Australia.
Like the Big Merino and Big Banana, the Oyster is an based on local produce. The Big Oyster was a business venture, known to the locals as a Big Mistake
Its common name is derived from Moreton Bay in Queensland, Australia. It is best known for its imposing buttress roots, as Ficus macrophylla is a strangler fig, seed germination usually takes place in the canopy of a host tree and the seedling lives as an epiphyte until its roots establish contact with the ground. It enlarges and strangles its host, eventually becoming a tree by itself. Individuals may reach 60 m in height, the large leathery, dark green leaves are 15–30 cm long. The fruits are small and greenish, ripening and turning purple at any time of year, the fruit is known as a syconium, an inverted inflorescence with the flowers lining an internal cavity. Like all figs, it has an obligate mutualism with fig wasps, figs are pollinated by fig wasps. Many species of bird, including pigeons and various passerines, Ficus macrophylla is widely used as a feature tree in public parks and gardens in warmer climates such as California, Italy, northern New Zealand, and Australia. Old specimens can reach tremendous size and its aggressive root system allows its use in only the largest private gardens.
Christiaan Hendrik Persoon published a description of the Moreton Bay fig in his 1807 Synopsis Plantarum, the type specimen has been lost but was possibly located in Florence. The specific epithet macrophylla is derived from the Ancient Greek makro large and phyllon leaf, Australian botanist Charles Moore described Ficus columnaris in 1870 from material collected from Lord Howe Island, choosing the species name from the Latin columnaris for the column-like roots. English botanist E. J. H. Corner reduced this to synonymy with F. macrophylla in 1965, green noted it was distinct enough for subspecies status in 1986. The species is commonly known as the Moreton Bay fig, after Moreton Bay in southern Queensland. The term has been generalised to other fig species in Australia. An alternate name—black fig—is derived from the colour of the ageing bark. With over 750 species, Ficus is one of the largest angiosperm genera, based on morphology, Corner divided the genus into four subgenera, expanded to six.
In this classification, the Moreton Bay fig was placed in subseries Malvanthereae, series Malvanthereae, in his reclassification of the Australian Malvanthera, Dixon altered the delimitations of the series within the section, but left this species in series Malvanthereae. J. J. G. van Steenis, editor of the Flora Malesiana, berg combined sections Stilpnophyllum and Malvanthera into an expanded section Stilpnophyllum. This left the Moreton Bay fig in subsection Malvanthera, section Stilpnophyllum, based on DNA sequences from the nuclear ribosomal internal and external transcribed spacers, Danish botanist Nina Rønsted and colleagues rejected previous subdivisions of the Malvanthera
Jade Bronson North is an Indigenous Australian footballer who plays for Brisbane Roar in the A-League, and is a member of the Australian national football team. As of the 2016–17 season, he is the only Indigenous Australian in the A-League, North was named as the captain of the Newcastle Jets for the 2007–08 A-League season following the departure of Paul Okon. On 9 June 2008, Australian newspapers suggested that North was due to sign with Belgian club, Club Brugge, however any rumours of offers proved to purely speculative, with North admitting no concrete offers had materialised. North trialed with Swedish side Trelleborg but on 26 February 2010 and he spent four months in Norway before joining Wellington Phoenix on 30 July 2010 on a one-year deal. On 2 April 2011, he moved from Wellington to Japanese second tier club FC Tokyo, on 8 January 2013, he signed a three and a half year deal to play with Brisbane Roar in the Australian National Football competition the A-League. Norths breakthrough came when he played every game of Australias runners up side at the 1999 FIFA U-17 World Championship where his country lost the final to Brazil on penalties and he was a member of Australias quarter final effort at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens five years later.
In 2008, prior to the 2010 World Cup Qualifier against China, North became the first ever Aboriginal Socceroos captain for the 0–0 Draw with Singapore. com Jade North – FIFA competition record
Port Macquarie-Hastings Council
Port Macquarie-Hastings Council is a local government area in the mid north coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is located adjacent to the Hastings River, the Pacific Highway, the Oxley Highway, major population centres in the local government area are Port Macquarie, Camden Haven, Lake Cathie and Kendall. The Mayor of the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council is Cr, aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3. 3% of the population, slightly higher than the national average. The median age of people in the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area was 47 years, children aged 0 –14 years made up 17. 8% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 24. 7% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over,52. 4% were married and 14. 7% were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census was 6. 68%, and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census was 6. 23%. The median weekly income for residents within the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area was slightly below the national average, at the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Port Macquarie-Hastings local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 83% of all residents.
On 27 February 2008 the Minister for Local Government, Paul Lynch, dismissed the Council and appointed an administrator, the dismissal of Council was made after alleged mishandling of a project initiated in 2001 to build a cultural and entertainment centre, known to locals as the Glasshouse. On 27 July 2007, a public inquiry was announced by the Minister for Local Government. In 2009 it was revealed that the Glasshouse would cost ratepayers around A$6 million a year to run, Port Macquarie-Hastings Council is composed of nine Councillors, including the Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is directly elected while the eight other Councillors are elected proportionally as one entire ward, between July and September 1843,28 such entities had been proclaimed by Governor George Gipps. The Macquarie District Council, the 8th to be declared, was proclaimed on 12 August 1843, with a population of 2,409, due to various factors, the District Councils were ineffective, and most had ceased to operate by the end of the decade.
Finally, on 15 March 1887, the Port Macquarie Municipal District was proclaimed, the Local Government Act 1905 enabled the Shire of Hastings, based in the town of Wauchope, to come into being in June 1906, in time for elections in November 1906. The first Shire President was James ONeill, in 1981, the two councils were amalgamated to form the Municipality of Hastings, with Norm Matesich becoming the councils inaugural mayor. In 1991, the moved into its present premises in Burrawan Street. With the enactment of the Local Government Act 1993, which changed the responsibilities of the Mayor and Councillors, in 2005, the name was changed to Port Macquarie-Hastings following a community survey, showing that many people thought that the new name would better reflect the area