Birthday Honours

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King's/Queen's Birthday Honours is, in some Commonwealth realms, the marking of the reigning monarch's official birthday by granting various individuals appointment into national or dynastic orders or the award of decorations and medals. The honours are presented by the monarch or a viceregal representative. New Year Honours and Birthday Honours are bestowed each year. All royal honours are published in the relevant gazette, and the daily newspapers of each realm.

Honours have been awarded on the sovereign's birthday since at least 1860, during the reign of Queen Victoria. The birthday of her successor, King Edward VII (r. 1901–1910), fell on 9 November 1901.[1][2] After 1908, the monarch's official birthday in the United Kingdom was moved to the first, second, or third Saturday in June. Other Commonwealth realms celebrate the official birthday on different dates (generally late May or early June); honours are awarded accordingly.

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  1. ^ "No. 27374". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 November 1901. p. 7287.
  2. ^ "No. 27376". The London Gazette. 12 November 1901. p. 7291.

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