SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Birthday Honours

The Birthday Honours, in some Commonwealth realms, mark the reigning monarch's official birthday by granting various individuals appointment into national or dynastic orders or the award of decorations and medals. The honours are presented by a viceregal representative; the Birthday Honours are one of two annual honours lists, along with the New Year Honours. All royal honours are published in the relevant gazette. Honours have been awarded with few exceptions on the sovereign's birthday since at least 1860, during the reign of Queen Victoria. There was no Birthday Honours list issued in 1876, which brought "a good deal of disappointment" and rebuke for the Ministry of Defence. A lengthy article in the Broad Arrow newspaper forgave the Queen and criticised Gathorne Hardy for neglecting to award worthy soldiers with the Order of the Bath: "With the War Minister all general patronage of this description rests, if Mr. Hardy has not seen fit to mark the occasion in the usual way, he alone can be blamed or praised or having neglected to follow in the beaten track of his predecessors."

At the same time, it was noted that the Queen appeared to have issued her own honours by appointing the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught to be her personal aides-de-camp and the ailing King George of Hanover to be a general in the British Army. The birthday of her successor, King Edward VII, fell on 9 November 1901. After 1908, the monarch's official birthday in the United Kingdom was moved to the first, second, or third Saturday in June. Other Commonwealth realms celebrate the official birthday of the monarch on different dates; the Birthday Honours were not issued on occasions when they coincided with Jubilee Honours in 1887 and 1897 and Coronation Honours in 1911, 1937, 1953. Honours Committee Prime Minister's Resignation Honours 2019 Birthday Honours Honours lists – List and links of birthday honours lists as published in the London Gazette Honours lists – List and links of birthday honours lists as published in the London Gazette

Government Engineering College, Patan

Government Engineering College, Patan is an AICTE approved post-secondary engineering college located in Katpur village near Patan, India. It was founded in April 2004, was moved to Katpur in August 2008. Student committee:- Dharmik Patel Nishant Prajapati Kruti Patel Parth Patel Government Engineering College, Patan was established in April 2004 with three branches Computer Engineering and Communication Engineering and Mechanical Engineering each with intake of 60 totaling to 180; the institute was functioning in the premises of the K. D. Polytechnic, Patan temporarily, it was shifted to its own newly built up green premise in August 2008 at Katpur village on Chanasma-Patan road 8 km before Patan. Two more branches of Electrical Engineering and Civil Engineering each with intake of 60 were introduced from June-2009 and the intake of all three existing branches were increased to 120. Institute functions with total intake of 480 in five different branches. GEC Patan's vision is to prepare Human Resource with value based competency for technical advancements and growth of society.

The institute runs 5 undergraduate programs. Degree programs: Civil Engineering Computer Science Engineering Electrical Engineering Electronics and Communication Engineering Mechanical Engineering GEC Patan comes under the second phase of TEQIP; the institute provides hostels for men and women, laboratories, a workshop, canteen and a gymkhana building. Official website AICTE Approved Institutes

Burdale Tunnel

Burdale Tunnel is a former railway tunnel on the abandoned Malton and Driffield Junction Railway in North Yorkshire, England. Burdale tunnel lies near the village of Burdale, North Yorkshire, between the former Burdale and Wharram railway stations, it was built to take the railway through the Yorkshire Wolds. Construction began in 1847 with the sinking of seven vertical shafts, but the tunnel, 1,747 yards in length, was not completed until 1853, work having been interrupted and slowed at times due to lack of funds. During construction illegal drinking houses were built and riots occurred in navvies' temporary accommodation near the tunnel's northern mouth; the line closed to passenger traffic in 1950 and closed in 1958, with the tracks being lifted shortly afterwards. The tunnel portals were bricked up in 1961. In the late 1970s, a collapse occurred just north of the tunnel's second ventilation shaft – around half-a-mile in; the mid-1980s saw another fall block the tunnel towards its southern end, creating a sealed section in the middle.

West Portal: SE861644 East Portal: SE870631 Yorkshire Wolds Railway Restoration Project Burton, Warwick. The Malton & Driffield Junction Railway. Halifax: Martin Bairstow. ISBN 1 871944 16 3. "Burdale Tunnel", www.forgottenrelics.co.uk "Burdale Tunnel and line on overlain maps". Rail Map Online. "Burdale Tunnel on overlain OS maps". National Library of Scotland. "Burdale Tunnel on 1949 OS map". NPE Maps