Bis(chloromethyl) ketone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bis(chloromethyl) ketone
1,3-Dichloroacetone.svg
1,3-Dichloro-2-propanone-3D-balls-by-AHRLS-2012.png
1,3-Dichloro-2-propanone-3D-sticks-by-AHRLS-2012.png
1,3-Dichloro-2-propanone-3D-vdW-by-AHRLS-2012.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
1,3-Dichloropropan-2-one
Other names
1,3-Dichloroacetone
α,α'-Dichloroacetone
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.806
EC Number 208-585-6
UNII
UN number 2649
Properties
C3H4Cl2O
Molar mass 126.96 g·mol−1
Hazards
Main hazards Extremely toxic. Dangerous to the skin and eyes
GHS pictograms The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The skull-and-crossbones pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word Danger
H300, H310, H314, H318, H330, H341, H400, H410
P201, P202, P260, P262, P264, P270, P271, P273, P280, P281, P284, P301+310, P301+330+331, P302+350, P303+361+353, P304+340, P305+351+338, P308+313, P310, P320, P321, P322, P330, P361, P363
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola oilHealth code 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g., VX gasReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
1
4
0
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Bis(chloromethyl) ketone is a chemical substance with formula C
3
H
4
Cl
2
O
. It is a solid, and is used in the making of citric acid. Exposures such as contact or inhalation of bis(chloromethyl) ketone can result in irritation or damage to skin, eyes, throat, lungs, liver and kidneys, as well as headaches and fainting.[1]

Legal aspects[edit]

Bis(chloromethyl) ketone is a substance which is classified as an extremely hazardous substance in the United States as defined in Section 302 of the U.S. Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (42 U.S.C. 11002), and is subject to strict reporting requirements by facilities which produce, store, or use it in significant quantities.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet from the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
  2. ^ "40 C.F.R.: Appendix A to Part 355—The List of Extremely Hazardous Substances and Their Threshold Planning Quantities" (PDF) (July 1, 2008 ed.). Government Printing Office. Retrieved October 29, 2011.