Thomas James Conaty
Thomas James Conaty was the Bishop of the Diocese of Monterey-Los Angeles from 1903-1915. Bishop Conaty was born in the town of Kilnaleck in County Cavan, the son of Patrick and Alice Lynch Conaty, aged just two, his family moved to America, he was ordained a priest in December 1872. In 1880 he was the founding pastor of Sacred Heart of Jesus parish in Massachusetts, he became the rector of The Catholic University of America in 1896. He was ordained a bishop on November 1901 at the Baltimore Cathedral; the principal consecrator was Cardinal James Gibbons. He remained with the University until his appointment as head of the Diocese of Monterey-Los Angeles in March 1903; until its demolition in 2011, CUA's Conaty Hall, a popular freshman residence hall, was named after him. Bishop Conaty-Our Lady of Loretto High School in Los Angeles, California bears his name. Bishop Conaty biography on the Archdiocese of LA website
Francisco Mora y Borrell
Francisco Mora i Borrell was a Catalan Catholic priest, who served as the Bishop of Monterey-Los Angeles from 1878 to 1896. Mora was born in Gurb, a village in the comarca of Osona in the Province of Barcelona, Catalonia, on 25 November 1827. Where in Spain he did his seminary studies is not known, he emigrated to the United States, where he was received and ordained a priest by Bishop Thaddeus Amat y Brusi, C. M. for the Diocese of Monterey, on 19 March 1856. The bishop assigned him to serve as a missionary priest in several rural parishes until 1863, when he was named Rector of the Church of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles. In 1859 the diocese was changed to the Diocese of Monterey-Los Angeles. Shortly afterwards, Amat named him Vicar General of the diocese, based in Los Angeles. On 29 May 1873, Pope Pius IX named him coadjutor bishop of the diocese, titular bishop of Mosynopolis. Amat consecrated him a bishop on August 3, 1873. After the death of Amat on 12 May 1878, Mora took over the diocese.
He served it for the next 18 years, during which time he worked to put the Catholic Church on a firm footing in the State of California. In 1895 he established the first Catholic newspaper for Los Angeles. Mora was given a coadjutor bishop, George Montgomery, the first native-born American named to head the diocese, whom he consecrated in January 1894, he resigned his office on 1 February 1896 at which time the Holy See named him Titular Archbishop of Hierapolis in Syria. He returned to Spain, where he died on 3 August 1905 in Sarrià, Barcelona, at the age of 77. Bishop Mora Salesian College Preparatory School in Los Angeles, founded in 1958, was named in his honor. In 1962 his remains were buried in the Cathedral. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
Sisters of Mercy
The Religious Sisters of Mercy are members of a religious institute of Catholic women founded in 1831 in Dublin, Ireland, by Catherine McAuley. As of 2018 the institute has about 6200 sisters worldwide, organized into a number of independent congregations, they started many education and health care facilities around the globe. The Congregation of the Sisters of Mercy began when Catherine McAuley used an inheritance to build a large house on Baggot Street, Dublin, as a school for poor girls and a shelter for homeless servant girls and women, she was assisted in the works of the house by local women. As the number of lay co-workers at Baggot Street increased, so did severe lay and clerical criticism of the House: Why did these women look like a religious order, yet not abide by the normal regulations of religious orders? Who was this "upstart" Miss McAuley? Why was the "unlearned sex" doing the work of the clergy? By 1830 Catherine and her co-workers realized that the stability of the works of mercy they performed, including visiting the sick poor in their homes and in hospitals, their continued appeal to co-workers, called for revision of their lay community.
So, on 8 September, Catherine McAuley, Anna Maria Doyle, Elizabeth Harley entered the Presentation Convent in Dublin to begin formal preparation for founding the Sisters of Mercy. On 12 December 1831, Catherine McAuley, Mary Ann Doyle, Mary Elizabeth Harley professed their religious vows as the first Sisters of Mercy, thereby founding the congregation; the rule and constitutions of the congregation were not completed until 1834, nor approved until 1835, yet they contained in substance only that, observed from the year 1827. The rapid expansion of the Sisters of Mercy in the six years 1835-1841 flowed from Catherine McAuley's generous response to human need, she founded nine additional autonomous Convents of Mercy in Tullamore, Carlow, Limerick, London, Galway and Birmingham, branch houses of the Dublin community in Kingstown and Booterstown. Catherine McAuley died on 11 November 1841. In May 1842, at the request of Bishop Fleming, a small colony of Sisters of Mercy crossed the Atlantic to found the congregation at St. John's, Newfoundland.
In December 1843 Sr Frances Warde led the first group of Sisters to The United States, beginning in Pittsburgh. The sisters arrived in Perth, Australia in 1846, in 1850, a band from Carlow arrived in New Zealand. Sisters from Limerick opened a house in Glasgow in 1849, in 1868 the English community established a house in Guernsey. In 1992 the leaders of the various congregations created the Mercy International Association to foster collaboration and cooperation; the purpose of the association is to provide support and foster collaboration and inspiration for the ministries of the Sisters of Mercy and their associates. The sisters were the first nurses to respond to the British Government request for nurses in the Crimea in 1853, they ran several hospitals during the war and provided nurses who were not under the control of Florence Nightingale. However their involvement was overshadowed by hers for political reasons. Sisters of Mercy is an international community of Roman Catholic women religious vowed to serve people who suffer from poverty and lack of education with a special concern for women and children.
Members take vows of poverty and obedience, the evangelical counsels vowed in religious life, and, in addition, vows of service. They continue to participate in the life of the surrounding community. In keeping with their mission of serving the poor and needy, many sisters engage in teaching, medical care, community programs; the organization is active in lobbying and politics. The Sisters of Mercy are constituted as religious and charitable organizations in a number of countries. Mercy International Association is a registered charity in the Republic of Ireland. On 20 May 2009, the institute was condemned in an Irish government report known as the Ryan Report, the work of the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse; the Sisters of Mercy were named as the chief among the institutes under whose care girls "endured frequent assaults and humiliation designed to make them feel worthless... personal and family denigration was widespread". In 2011, a monument was erected in Ennis at the site of the former industrial school'in appreciation' of the Sisters of Mercy.
St. Catherine Academy, Belize City Muffles College Muffles Junior College Academy of Our Lady of Mercy, St. John's, Newfoundland St. Augustine's Elementary School, St. John's, Newfoundland St. Bride's College, St. John's, Newfoundland Instituto María Regina Convent of Mercy "Alpha" Academy, Kingston St. John Bosco Boys Home, Mandeville Mount Saint Joseph Preparatory School, Mandeville In 1849 Bishop Pompallier visited St Leo's Convent in Carlow, seeking sisters to emigrate, they travelled to New Zealand, learning Māori along the way, establishing the Sisters of Mercy in Auckland as the first female religious community in New Zealand in 1850. Holy Infant College, Tacloban City Mylnhurst, Sheffield Mercy Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Brisbane Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Bundaberg Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Gladstone Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Mackay Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Rockhampton Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Townsville Mater Misericordiae Hospital, North Sydney Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin Mother of Mercy Hospital, Tacloban Magdalen Asylum Connolly, Mary Beth Fraser.
Women of Faith: The
Twelfth grade, senior year, or grade 12 is the final year of secondary school in most of North America. In other regions it is equivalently referred to as class 12 or Year 13. In most countries students graduate at age 18; some countries have a thirteenth grade. Twelfth grade is the last year of high school. In Australia, the twelfth grade is referred to as Year 12. In New South Wales, students are 16 or 17 years old when they enter Year 12 and 17–18 years during graduation. A majority of students in Year 12 work towards getting an ATAR or OP, which will allow them access to courses at university. In South Australia, this is achieved by completing the SACE. In New South Wales, when completing the, students are required to satisfactorily complete at least 10 units of study in ATAR courses which must include: eight units from Category A courses two units of English three Board Developed courses of two units or greater four subjectsSome Year 12s may receive a Year 12 Jersey. Schools choose the design and writing which are printed or stitched onto the jersey.
Sometimes the last two digits of the year they are graduating are printed on the back along with a personalised nickname. The front may show the school emblem and the student's name, stitched in. Many schools conduct end of year "formals", they are held from any time between graduation in September to November. Australian private schools conduct Year 12 balls in January or February of Year 12 instead of an end of year formal. In Belgium, the 12th grade is called 6de middelbaar or laatste jaar in Dutch, rétho or 6e année in French. In the General Education, this year guides and prepares students for their first year in University by recalling everything learned during the past six years of secondary school. In the Skills Education, this year prepares the students for the professional life with an Intership in the chosen domain. In Brazil, the 12th grade is called terceiro ano do ensino médio informally called terceiro colegial, meaning third grade of high school, it is attended by 17–18 years old students.
During this grade, most students apply to what is called Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio, the Brazilian equivalent of the SATs in the US, vestibular, the individual entrance examination particular to each university. As in many countries, Grade 12 students attend Graduation, which involves a formal official ceremony, a party where students and friends are invited and another party just for the students. In Bulgaria the twelfth grade is the last year of high-school. Twelfth-grade students tend to be 18–19 years old. Students are preparing to take the Matriculation exam in the end of their 2nd semester. In Canada, the twelfth grade is referred to as Grade 12. Students enter their Grade 12 year when they are 16 or 17 years old. If they are 16 years old, they will be turning 17 by December 31 of that year. In many Canadian high schools, student during their year, hold a series of fundraisers, grade-class trips, other social events. Grade 12 Canadian students attend Graduation which involves an official ceremony and a dinner dance.
Ontario had Grade 13, renamed Ontario Academic Credit, before being phased out, leaving Grade 12 as the final year. Grades 12 and 13 were similar to sixth form in England. Quebec is the lone province that does not have Grade 12. Thus, when a student is in Grade 12 in Ontario, for instance, the student in Quebec is in his first year of college. Newfoundland and Labrador did not introduce Grade 12 until 1983. In Denmark, the twelfth grade is the 3rd G, the final year of secondary school. G is equivalent to gymnasium; this is not compulsory. Students are 18-19 or older when they finish secondary school; the age of graduation is caused by the fact that Danish children first start school at 6. The reason that many students will be at the age of 20 when they graduate is because some people choose to have one-year gap between the 9th grade and gymnasium's 1st G, where students go to special art- or sport-oriented boarding schools or become exchange students all over the world; this is optional though. The twelfth grade is the third and last year of High School or secondary school The students graduate from High School the year they turn 19.
The twelfth grade is shorter than the previous ones because the twelfth graders lessons end in February and they go on to take their final exams shortly afterwards. Compulsory education ends after the ninth grade, so the upper grades are optional; the equivalent grade in this country is Terminale, it is the third and last year of lycée, equivalent to High-School, upon completion of which students sit for a test, the Baccalauréat. French-language schools that teach the French government curriculum use the same system of grades as their counterparts in France; this is not compulsory, as education is only
White is the lightest color and is achromatic. It is the color of fresh snow and milk, is the opposite of black. White objects reflect and scatter all the visible wavelengths of light. White on television and computer screens is created by a mixture of red and green light. In ancient Egypt and ancient Rome, priestesses wore white as a symbol of purity, Romans wore a white toga as a symbol of citizenship. In the Middle Ages and Renaissance a white unicorn symbolized chastity, a white lamb sacrifice and purity, it was the royal color of the Kings of France, of the monarchist movement that opposed the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War. Greek and Roman temples were faced with white marble, beginning in the 18th century, with the advent of neoclassical architecture, white became the most common color of new churches and other government buildings in the United States, it was widely used in 20th century modern architecture as a symbol of modernity and simplicity. According to surveys in Europe and the United States, white is the color most associated with perfection, the good, cleanliness, the beginning, the new and exactitude.
White is an important color for all world religions. The Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, has worn white since 1566, as a symbol of purity and sacrifice. In Islam, in the Shinto religion of Japan, it is worn by pilgrims. In Western cultures and in Japan, white is the most common color for wedding dresses, symbolizing purity and virginity. In many Asian cultures, white is the color of mourning; the word white continues Old English hwīt from a Common Germanic *χwītaz reflected in OHG wîz, ON hvítr, Goth. ƕeits. The root is from Proto-Indo-European language *kwid-, surviving in Sanskrit śveta "to be white or bright" and Slavonic světŭ "light"; the Icelandic word for white, hvítur, is directly derived from the Old Norse form of the word hvítr. Common Germanic had the word *blankaz, borrowed into Late Latin as *blancus, which provided the source for Romance words for "white"; the antonym of white is black. Some non-European languages have a wide variety of terms for white; the Inuit language has seven different words for seven different nuances of white.
Sanskrit has specific words for bright white, the white of teeth, the white of sandalwood, the white of the autumn moon, the white of silver, the white of cow's milk, the white of pearls, the white of a ray of sunlight, the white of stars. Japanese has six different words, depending upon brilliance or dullness, or if the color is inert or dynamic. White was one of the first colors used in art; the Lascaux Cave in France contains drawings of bulls and other animals drawn by paleolithic artists between 18,000 and 17,000 years ago. Paleolithic artists used calcite or chalk, sometimes as a background, sometimes as a highlight, along with charcoal and red and yellow ochre in their vivid cave paintings. In ancient Egypt, white was connected with the goddess Isis; the priests and priestesses of Isis dressed only in white linen, it was used to wrap mummies. In Greece and other ancient civilizations, white was associated with mother's milk. In Greek mythology, the chief god Zeus was nourished at the breast of the nymph Amalthea.
In the Talmud, milk was one of four sacred substances, along with wine and the rose. The ancient Greeks saw the world in terms of darkness and light, so white was a fundamental color. According to Pliny the Elder in his Natural History and the other famous painters of ancient Greece used only four colors in their paintings. A plain white toga, known as a toga virilis, was worn for ceremonial occasions by all Roman citizens over the age of 14–18. Magistrates and certain priests wore a toga praetexta, with a broad purple stripe. In the time of the Emperor Augustus, no Roman man was allowed to appear in the Roman forum without a toga; the ancient Romans had two words for white. A man who wanted public office in Rome wore a white toga brightened with chalk, called a toga candida, the origin of the word candidate; the Latin word candere meant to be bright. It was the origin of the words candid. In ancient Rome, the priestesses of the goddess Vesta dressed in white linen robes, a white palla or shawl, a white veil.
They protected the penates of Rome. White symbolized their purity and chastity; the early Christian church adopted the Roman symbolism of white as the color of purity and virtue. It became the color worn by priests during Mass, the color worn by monks of the Cistercian Order, under Pope Pius V, a former monk of the Dominican Order, it became the official color worn by the pope himself. Monks of the Order of Saint Benedict dressed in the white or gray of natural undyed wool, but changed to black, the color of humility and penitence. Postclassical history art, the white lamb became the symbol of the sacrifice of Christ on behalf of mankind. John the Baptist described Christ as the lamb of God; the white lamb was the center of one of the most famous paintings of the Medieval period, the Ghent Altarpiece by Jan van Eyck. White was the symbolic color of the transfiguration; the Gospel of Saint Mark describes Jesus' clothing in this event as "shining, exceeding white as snow." Artists such as Fra Angelico used their skill
Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
The Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, founded as the Daughters of the Most Holy and Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is a Catholic religious teaching institute for women. The institute was founded in Spain in 1848 by Father Joaquim Masmitjà i de Puig as a means of rebuilding society through the education of young women. A daughter house of the community was founded in Los Angeles, California, USA, in 1871, in 1924 formally separated from the Spanish congregation and was established as a distinct institute in its own right. Joaquin Masmitjá was born in Olot, Spain, on December 29, 1808, the fourth child of Francisco and Maria Gracia, he entered the minor seminary for the Diocese of Gerona and went on to get degrees in canon and civil law. Masmitjá, devoted to the Blessed Virgin under the titles of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and the Sorrowful Mother, was ordained a priest on February 22, 1834. Assigned to his hometown parish, Fr. Masmitjá became concerned over the poor education of young girls.
He sought to rebuild society through their education in prayer and Christian doctrine. On July 1, 1848, Masmitjá founded the Institute of the Daughters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. During the Spanish Civil War IHM sisters Carmen and Magdalena Fradera, who were blood sisters, were executed by the militia, they are among the 498 Martyrs of 20th Century Spain beatified by Pope Benedict XVI in 2007. In 1869, Fr. Masmitja's friend Bishop Thaddeus Amat y Brusi of Monterey, was visiting Spain, asked for some of the sisters to come to California. Two years with Father Masmitja's approval, Mother Raimunda led nine others to the new California mission; the Sisters established one in Gilroy and the other in San Juan. Soon the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart were teaching in several schools in different parts of California, their lifestyle attracted young women to follow the charisma of Fr. Masmitja, the Sisters inaugurated a third house in San Luis Obispo, a fourth house in San Bernardino, the last house during the lifetime of Fr.
Masmitja was established in Los Angeles. On January 11, 1886, the IHMs began teaching in the Cathedral School of Los Angeles, directly behind the Cathedral. For several years it served as an elementary school, but under the leadership of Sister Gabriel, IHM, an academy for girls was added, four years of high school; the IHMs taught at the Cathedral School until June 1969, ran orphanages. Mother Raimunda served as the provincial of the California sisters until her death in 1900. By 1906 the sisters were able to build the Motherhouse. Bishop Francis J. Conaty played an important role in the acquisition of the property and the building of this Motherhouse for the IHMs. In 1916 Immaculate Heart College was established in Los Angeles. Part of the original convent building was razed in 1975 due to safety concerns. Mother Genevieve Parker was instrumental in securing the separation of the California IHMs from the Spanish community. With the help of Bishop John Joseph Cantwell of Los Angeles, the separation was completed in 1924 and Mother Genevieve was elected the first mother-general.
In 1911, five sisters from Spain and two from California were sent to start a school in Mazatlán, Mexico. Six years in 1917, the sisters were forced to leave due to the Mexican Revolution. During a stop in their journey back to California, Bishop Henry Granjon of Tucson, invited the sisters to stay and they accepted. From there they began accepting postulants; the sisters evangelized not just in the schools but, after regular classes, in many missions in small mining towns around Tucson. Due to growth over time, in 1946 the sisters in Arizona became the Province of Saint Joseph. In 1947 the novitiate moved to Sabino Canyon Road, at the foothills of the Santa Catalina Mountains outside Tucson; the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Tucson have a Korean Ministry which allows the Korean Catholic community to use space at St. Ann’s Convent, for Liturgy and faith formation; the IHM sisters remain active in both Florida. In 2010 the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary from Miami, started a new mission in La Concordia, Diocese of Jinotega, Central America.
By the 1960s there were 600 professed Sisters in 68 elementary schools, 11 high schools, one college, two hospitals. In the late 1960s a dispute arose between the institute and Archbishop James Francis McIntyre of Los Angeles; the IHM Sisters took part in a process of renewal led by the psychologist Dr. Carl Rogers, founder of the Center for the Study of the Person, an affiliate of the Western Behavioral Sciences Institute. Carl Rogers, his associates Bruce Meador and Bill Coulson, conducted encounter groups according to the principles of the Human Potential Movement. In such encounter groups, under the direction of a facilitator, participants were encouraged to share their real feelings as they interacted with the other group participants; the first encounter group was held in the summer of 1966 at the Immaculate Heart Novitiate in Montecito, California. With its apparent success, the experiment was begun en masse in 1967, with all the sisters and the schools they ran in the Los Angeles Archdiocese participating.
The encounter groups facilitated change in the IHM community. It was among the first groups of women religious to modernize their rule in accord with the directives of Vatican II. Changes included a more democratic form of governance and replacing their religious attire with civilian dress. Cardinal McIntyre refused to let the sisters teach in archdiocese schools unless they wore habits and adhered to a variety of traditional rules; the sisters, in turn, objecte
Alden John Bell
Alden John Bell was a 20th-century bishop of the Catholic Church in the United States. He served as bishop of the Diocese of Sacramento in the state of California from 1962-1979. Alden John Bell was born in Peterborough, Canada, he completed his undergraduate education at Saint Patrick's Seminary in Menlo Park and his graduate studies at Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. While at the seminary in 1927, Bell was one of three pastoral interns who were assigned to St. Elizabeth Catholic Church in Altadena, California, he was ordained a Roman Catholic priest for the Diocese of Los Angeles-San Diego on May 14, 1932. In 1935, Father Bell persuaded the Sisters of the Holy Child Jesus to teach at the Sacred Heart Mission. On April 11, 1956, Bell was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Los Angeles and Titular Bishop of Rhodopolis by Pope Pius XII, he received his episcopal consecration on the following June 4 in St. Vibiana's Cathedral from Cardinal James Francis McIntyre, with Bishops Joseph Thomas McGucken and Timothy Manning serving as co-consecrators.
On November 10, 1956, Bell blessed La Salle High School two months. On March 9, 1957 Bell consecrated the high altar at Los Angeles. On October 26, 1957, Bell presided over the gymnasium dedication at Junípero Serra High School in Gardena, California. On March 30, 1962, Bell was appointed the sixth Bishop of Sacramento by Pope John XXIII, he was installed on the following May 15 in the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacramento. During the 1960s, Bell learned that a brass locomotive bell, donated by a retired Southern Pacific Railroad parishioner, was going to be installed in All Hallows Church in Sacramento; the church had been built without a bell in 1960 with a large campanile. Bell instructed Pastor Cornelius O'Connor not to place the bell in the tower, but to buy a proper church bell instead. O'Connor declined to buy a new bell, declared that his parish would have no bells. On September 17, 1963, Bell dedicated Jesuit High School, Sacramento, to the Jesuit North American Martyrs. In May 1982, he returned to this school to dedicate its library in memory of the Rev. Joseph J. King, S.
J.. On April 2, 1965, Bell dedicated the fourth rebuilding of St. Joseph Church in California; the original church had been constructed near railroad tracks and moved to the site of the second church. Both the second and third St. Joseph's churches had burnt down in fires. On June 7, 1965, Bell dedicated Holy Family Parish's new church, which replaced the Camp Kohler chapel, purchased from the Army. In 1970 he approved Monsignor Vito Mistretta's request to employ a lay staff at Holy Family. In 1969, as the ordinary, Bell approved within the see of Sacramento Our Lady of Guadalupe Church as a "national shrine"; this shrine is known as the Sanctuary of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe or as Santuario Nacional de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe. This was accomplished after the construction of its new church, because at that time it had become the largest "Spanish speaking" Mexican parish. In 1973, Bell dedicated St. Joseph Parish's new church in California; the old church had been sold in December 1972.
On May 6, 1974, Bell was the principal consecrator of Bishop John Stephen Cummins. Cummins had been appointed as the diocesan auxiliary bishop on February 26, 1974. In 1977, Bell supervised the purchase and installation of a Schlicker organ from Buffalo, New York, for the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. While it had nine ranks of pipes, the organ proved to be inadequate for the music of the cathedral's liturgy. In May 1977, Bell gave $20,000, a World War II relief fund for Slovaks, to the Byzantine Eparch of Parma, Emil Mihalik; the eparch said. From 1962-1965 Bishop Bell attended all four sessions of the Second Vatican Council, he was responsible for implementing the reforms. Many parishes began parish councils at this time, he encouraged the emergence of lay ministry in the diocese. At the same time, he needed to respond to the needs of a growing diocese. Solano County was added to the diocese, he focused on the development of high schools throughout the diocese. He initiated a fund drive to ease costs, build new schools, expand religious education programs, build a home for the aged.
The 17 years he spent as bishop of the diocese, which grew to nearly 250,000 members during his tenure, was a period of turbulence. Issues from outside the diocese affected day-to-day life: the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement, legislative matters on abortion. Within the diocese, his positive actions to aid Catholic education, improve interaction with the Latino community, renovate the interior of the cathedral were undermined by divisions, school closures, world tensions. Pope John Paul II accepted Bell's resignation on July 11, 1979, at the age of 75, making him the Bishop Emeritus of Sacramento. In October 1979, after his resignation, a knife-wielding assailant attacked and cut Bell several times while he was off-duty in the cathedral's chancery, located two blocks north of the state capitol, he was stabbed twice before his secretary, Jean Tamaki, found William Luthin attacking the bishop with a "dagger-like" knife. Tamaki was able to pull Luthin away by his shirt because the attacker was of "medium or small build."
Bell had been in his office preparing for a trip to see Pope John Paul II in Illinois. Luthin was found not guilty by reason of insanity. Police arrested Luthin as a suspect. I stabbed a priest." A knife was found on the office couch together with the sales receipt from a ne