The Bishops Bible is an English translation of the Bible which was produced under the authority of the established Church of England in 1568. It was substantially revised in 1572, and the 1602 edition was prescribed as the text for the King James Bible that was completed in 1611. The Bishops Bible succeeded the Great Bible of 1539, the first authorized bible in English, the thorough Calvinism of the Geneva Bible offended the high-church party of the Church of England, to which almost all of its bishops subscribed. They associated Calvinism with Presbyterianism, which sought to replace government of the church by bishops with government by lay elders, in an attempt to replace the objectionable Geneva translation, they circulated one of their own, which became known as the Bishops Bible. The promoter of the exercise, and the figure in translating was Matthew Parker. It was at his instigation that the various sections translated by Parker and his fellow bishops were followed by their initials in the early editions. For instance, at the end of the book of Deuteronomy, we find the initials W. E. which, according to a letter Parker wrote to Sir William Cecil, stand for William Alley, Bishop of Exeter. Parker tells Cecil that this system was to make more diligent, hence, in most of the Old Testament the tetragrammaton YHWH is represented by the LORD, and the Hebrew Elohim is represented by God. But in the Psalms the practice is the way around. The books that Parker himself worked on are fairly sparingly edited from the text of the Great Bible, while those undertaken by Grindal of London emerged much closer to the Geneva text. The bishops deputed to revise the Apocrypha appear to have delivered very little, as the Apocrypha of the Great Bible was translated from the Latin Vulgate, the Bishops Bible cannot strictly claim to have been entirely translated from the original tongues. The Bishops Bible was first published in 1568, but was then re-issued in a revised form in 1572. From 1577 the new translation was dropped altogether, while further incremental changes were made to the text of the New Testament in subsequent editions. The Bible had the authority of the warrant, and was the second version appointed to be read aloud in church services. It failed to displace the Geneva Bible as a domestic Bible to be read at home, the intention was for it to be used in church as what would today be termed a pulpit Bible. The version was more grandiloquent than the Geneva Bible, the first edition was exceptionally large and included 124 full-page illustrations. The second and subsequent editions were rather smaller, around the size as the first printing of the King James Bible. The last edition of the complete Bible was issued in 1602, the Bishops Bible or its New Testament went through over 50 editions, whereas the Geneva Bible was reprinted more than 150 times
Though not formally dedicated to Queen Elizabeth, the Bishops' Bible includes a portrait of the queen on its title page. The 1569 quarto edition shows Elizabeth accompanied by female personifications of Justice, Mercy, Fortitude, and Prudence.
In this edition, Elizabeth is flanked by allegorical virtues of Faith and Charity. Elizabeth therefore represents Hope.Beneath the portrait is a Latin text from Romans 1:16