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A bitstream known as binary sequence, is a sequence of bits. A bytestream is a sequence of bytes; each byte is an 8-bit quantity, so the term octet stream is sometimes used interchangeably. An octet may be encoded as a sequence of 8 bits in multiple different ways so there is no unique and direct translation between bytestreams and bitstreams. Bitstreams and bytestreams are used extensively in computing. For example, synchronous bitstreams are carried by SONET, Transmission Control Protocol transports an asynchronous bytestream. In practice, bitstreams are not used directly to encode bytestreams; the term bitstream is used to describe the configuration data to be loaded into a field-programmable gate array. Although most FPGAs support a byte-parallel loading method as well, this usage may have originated based on the common method of configuring the FPGA from a serial bit stream from a serial PROM or flash memory chip; the detailed format of the bitstream for a particular FPGA is proprietary to the FPGA vendor.

In mathematics, several specific infinite sequences of bits have been studied for their mathematical properties. On most operating systems, including Unix-like and Windows, standard I/O libraries convert lower-level paged or buffered file access to a bytestream paradigm. In particular in Unix-like operating systems, each process has three standard streams, that are examples of unidirectional bytestreams; the Unix pipe mechanism provides bytestream communications between different processes. Compression algorithms code in bitstreams, as the 8 bits offered by a byte may be wasteful. Although implemented in low-level languages, some high-level languages such as Python and Java offer native interfaces for bitstream I/O. One well-known example of a communication protocol which provides a byte-stream service to its clients is the Transmission Control Protocol of the Internet protocol suite, which provides a bidirectional bytestream; the Internet media type for an arbitrary bytestream is application/octet-stream.

Other media types are defined for bytestreams in well-known formats. The contents of a bytestream are dynamically created, such as the data from the keyboard and other peripherals, data from the pseudorandom number generator, etc. In those cases, when the destination of a bytestream uses bytes faster than they can be generated, the system uses process synchronization to make the destination wait until the next byte is available; when bytes are generated faster than the destination can use them, there are several techniques to deal with the situation: When the producer is a software algorithm, the system pauses the producer with the same process synchronization techniques When the producer supports flow control, the system only sends the ready signal when the consumer is ready for the next byte When the producer can't be paused—it is a keyboard or some hardware that doesn't support flow control—the system attempts to temporarily store the data until the consumer is ready for it using a queue.

The receiver can empty the buffer before it gets full. A producer that continues to produce data faster than it can be consumed after the buffer is full, leads to unwanted buffer overflow, packet loss, network congestion

The Visit (TV series)

The Visit is a British television programme written by stand-up comedian Tony Burgess. Starring Iain McKee and Steve Edge, the series revolves around the visiting room of the HMP Radford Hill, a category C prison; the BBC revealed The Visit is part of a series trilogy with Thieves Like Us. Stray sheep, dodgy drug deals and snatched conjugal rights are common, as the inmates of HMP Radford Hill are reunited with family and friends on their weekly visits; the series follows two prisoners. Michael, in prison for a jewellery robbery he didn't commit, is awaiting the outcome of his appeal, his weekly visits consist of his father, his Nan, his younger brother Stevie. Clint, a gambling addict, suffers from a lack of social grace and the interesting habits of his nine year old son, his weekly visits consist of his infant children. Played by Iain McKee: Michael has taken the rap for a jewellery robbery, he refused to grass the other robbers, meaning he is the one to get locked up while the real culprits remain free, one of, his brother, Stevie.

However to save his brother from the prison sentence Michael took the fall for him. Played by Steve Edge: Gambling addict Clint is desperate to prove his machismo but what chance has he got when his wife - the long-suffering Bev - does not take him seriously, his unseen nine-year-old son Jamie is constant source of comedy and anxiety with ongoing references to his unhealthy interests of dolls and stage musicals. Clint has an unfortunate ability to say the wrong thing at the wrong time and upset those around him. Played by Stephen Walters: Mancunian Splodge is campaigning for the right to additional toilet paper rolls, which landed him in a stint of solitary confinement. Most of the prison inmates and staff are afraid of him, he knows it. Splodge spends most of his visiting time waiting for his girlfriend, habitually late, harassing the other inmates. Played by Vincent Davies: Pete, or "Blind Pete" as he's known within the prison, uses his disability to his advantage in any way that he can. Many of the other prisoners suspect that all is not what it seems and that Pete may be able to see.

Played by John Henshaw: Michael's father and a local taxi driver, Brian drives the family to the prison each week for their visit. A bit of a complainer with an unhealthy obsession with speed bump, he's still a loyal family man. Played by Craig Fitzpatrick: Michael's younger brother, Stevie is not too concerned with anything but women and weed. During visits he likes to wind his father and brother up while convincing his Nan to pay for anything he thinks he needs. Played by Beatrice Kelley: If any soul needs saving, Nana knows it's her grandson, she insists on sending Michael every religious icon she can find, has made friends with all of the local Catholic Priests, thinks that Father Kane can solve any problem. Played by Naomi Radcliffe: Clint's long-suffering wife, Bev spends much of her time campaigning for better playground facilities in the visiting room for her twins. Loyal and calm, she is frustrated with her husband's gambling on the inside while she struggles to make ends meet on the outside.

Played by Rebecca Richamond: Splodge's girlfriend and the mother of his child, Zoe misses visits or is late. She turns the heads of most of the other inmates, much to the dismay of their wives. Played by Darren Tighe: Prison Officer Bamford likes to keep a tight ship; however the harder he tries the more of a fool he makes. Bamford is at the end of fellow prison officer, Russell's jokes, with Bamford always calling Russell a twat behind his back once he has become the butt of the joke. Played by Neil Bell: Crunchies are the most important thing in Officer Russel's day. Relaxed and focused on chocolate, he spends most of his day wondering how much time is left in his shift. Played by Angel Coulby: Well liked by the prisoners due to her wit and sarcasm, Officer Rachel is both good at her job and more than willing to put the other guards in their place. Iain McKee... Michael John Henshaw... Dad Craig Fitzpatrick... Stevie Beatrice Kelly... Nana Steve Edge... Clint Naomi Radcliffe... Bev Angel Coulby...

Officer Rachael Darren Tighe... Officer Mark Bamford Neil Bell... Officer Russell Vincent Davies... Pete Stephen Walters... Splodge Rebecca Richmond... Zoe The Visit at BBC Programmes The Visit at BBC Online The Visit at British Comedy Guide The Visit on IMDb

Joe Tepsic

Joseph John Tepsic was a Major League Baseball outfielder. He played only one season for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1946, he was 5'9", 170 pounds, he threw and batted right-handed. During World War II, Tepsic served in the United States Marines Corps and was wounded on Guadalcanal, he recovered and went on to attend Penn State University, where he was an outstanding athlete in both football and baseball. After receiving a contract offer from the Brooklyn Dodgers, he left Penn State. On July 12, 1946, at the age of 22 and wearing the number 32, Tepsic made his major league debut, he played in 15 games that year. Tepsic was used as a pinch runner, appearing in only one game on the field, his performance on the field was overshadowed by disagreements with his teammates, who wanted him to go down to the minor leagues so the team could call up a veteran to pinch hit. However, Tepsic refused; the Dodgers finished in two games behind the St. Louis Cardinals. Tepsic played his final major league game on October 1, 1946.

In 1947, Tepsic was sent down to the minor leagues. Furious over the assignment and thinking he warranted a chance to prove himself at a major league level, Tepsic quit the Dodgers on April 3, he spent another five seasons in the minors before retiring from professional baseball. In life, Tepsic worked in the logging industry and as a state highway inspector. Tepsic died on February 23, 2009, at the age of 85. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference

Africa Scout Region (World Organization of the Scout Movement)

The Africa Scout Region is the divisional office of the World Scout Bureau of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, headquartered in Nairobi, with satellite offices in Cape Town, South Africa, Dakar, Senegal. The Africa Region services Scouting in Sub-Saharan Africa and neighboring islands that are recognized members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement; the region has 39 member National Scout Associations/Organizations and 11 potential members. There are about one million registered Scouts in Africa, though it is suspected that there are about twice that number in the region; the large nations of Mali, Guinea-Bissau and the Central African Republic, several smaller nations, are not yet WOSM members, for various reasons. This region is the counterpart of the Africa Region of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. On 13 March 1963, Scout leaders from around the region met for the first time in Lagos, Nigeria to discuss the organization of the Africa Scout Region.

At the 62nd ordinary session of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 21-23 June 1995, declared 13 March the Africa Scout Day. The Africa Network Scout Fellowship is a forum where members of the United Kingdom Scout Association with a specific interest in Africa can share knowledge and experiences, it promotes the expansion of international Scouting, with a particular focus on building friendships in the countries of sub-Saharan Africa. Collectively the Africa Network Scout Fellowship members have experience in Angola, Cameroon, Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe; the Africa Network Scout Fellowship assists all sections of the Scout Movement, in a variety of activities-whitewater rafting, community initiatives, construction projects and safari adventures. The Africa Network Scout Fellowship promotes expeditions to all parts of sub-Saharan Africa, help on all aspects of an expedition, from initial planning, to British training camps, to the actual expedition itself.

Africa Network Scout Fellowship meetings are held at varying locations throughout the United Kingdom. The Region has sponsored region-wide jamborees in its member countries. Past Jamborees include: 1st All-Africa Jamboree- Shere Hills, Jos Nigeria-1976 2nd All-Africa Jamboree- Kaazi, Uganda-1989 3rd All-Africa Jamboree- Ghana-1994 4th All-Africa Jamboree- Rowallan Scout Camp and Jamhuri Park in Nairobi, Kenya - August 9 to 19, 2000 5th All-Africa Jamboree- Catembe, Mozambique-July 21 to 31, 2006 6th Africa Scout Jamboree 2012- Bungere, Burundi-July 28 to August 5, 2012 Frederick Russell Burnham Rubina Marivonne Haroon Kinuthia Murugu Africa Network Scout Fellowship Africa Jamboree to be held in Mozambique

1898–99 Southampton F.C. season

The 1898–99 season was the 14th since the foundation of Southampton F. C. and their fifth in league football, as members of the Southern League. They ended the season as champions of the Southern League for the third consecutive season and reached the Third Round of the FA Cup where they were eliminated by Derby County of the Football League First Division. Having spent two seasons as temporary residents of Hampshire County Cricket Club, the "Saints" became resident at a new stadium about 200 yards down Northlands Road, nicknamed "The Dell", built by George Thomas, a fish merchant, a director of the football club. At the time of its opening, The Dell was considered to be the most compact ground in the country — the players got their first taste of their new home when they participated in a sports meeting there on 27 August 1898. Determined to build on their success of the previous season, the club signed several new players during the summer of 1898, including five present or former internationals — Scotsmen Geordie Dewar, Peter Meechan and John Robertson and Englishmen Jack Robinson and Harry Wood.

Robinson, the current England goalkeeper, Robertson had played against each other in the Scotland vs. England international at Celtic Park on 2 April 1898, in which England were 3–1 victors, thus claiming the 1898 British Home Championship; the first league season in the new ground started on 3 September 1898, with a match against Brighton United, who were playing their first-ever league match. On a hot Saturday afternoon, in front of a crowd of 6,524, the Mayor of Southampton kicked off "like an international"; the Saints soon took the lead when with "a little finessing", Tom Smith passed the ball through to Watty Keay who scored The Dell's first goal. Jim McKenzie missed some good chances and, with Southampton attacking in numbers, Bullimer in the Brighton goal was kept busy. Towards the end of the first-half, Arthur Chadwick accidentally caught Brighton's centre-forward Willie McArthur on the chin with a high kick. Bleeding profusely, McArthur left Brighton had to continue with only ten men.

Shortly before the interval, Abe Hartley scored the second goal, after a smart run up the left by McKenzie. In the second half, McKenzie added a third. With over a quarter of an hour to play, Smith completed the scoring, with a goal described as "just such a goal as there is no doubt about – a shot which beats the goalkeeper before it is made". Despite having signed five present or former international players during the summer, Southampton were unable to dominate the league as they had done in the previous year, losing their second match to New Brompton and drawing four matches before the New Year. In November, the referee, Mr. T. W. H. Saywell, mistakenly ended the match at Millwall ten minutes early with Southampton leading 4–1, he soon realised his error and tried to bring the teams back to complete the match, but the crowd had invaded the pitch and refused to leave. The match was completed five months on 12 April 1899 before a Western League match at The Dell, with no further score. On 3 December, the Saints defeated Warmley 6–0 at The Dell, but this result was expunged when Warmley withdrew from the league before the end of the season.

Reserve goalkeeper, John Joyce made his "debut" in this match, but with the result being expunged, had to wait until 21 October 1899 before his official debut. The New Year started with two away defeats; the Saints won five of the next seven games and entered the last day of the season level on points with Bristol City, their final-day opponents. Bristol City were playing their second season in the Southern League having finished as runners-up in 1897–98, were undefeated at their St John's Lane ground. Southampton had the superior goal average, so a draw would give them the title for the third time. A crowd of 13,000 attended the match, including 400 Saints' supporters. Early in the game, England international goalkeeper Jack Robinson damaged his right hand, attempting to prevent a goal from Billy Langham, City's outside-right. Whilst Robinson was receiving medical attention, Harry Haynes took over in goal, preventing further goals until Robinson's return. Robinson played on in considerable pain but was unable to prevent the ball entering the goal off the cross bar from a Langham free-kick.

For the second half, Southampton made a tactical change, switching Roddy McLeod to centre-forward with Duncan McLean moving to inside-right and within 12 minutes of the restart the scores were level, after long shots from Arthur Chadwick and Jock Robertson, the latter going in after a "gentle hint" from Harry Wood turned the ball past goalkeeper, Hugh Monteith who had come too far out of his goal. The Southampton fullbacks continued to protect Robinson in goal and the Saints began to have the better of the game. A move involving Robertson and Wood ended with McLean giving Southampton the lead before Wood scored the fourth goal, with a simple header from a corner. Although Caie pulled one back for the home side, Southampton were able to hang on to their lead to win 4–3 and take the Championship for the third consecutive season; the news of the result had reached Southampton by telegraph and when the team's special train arrived at the Docks station at 10.30pm, it was greeted by huge crowds of enthusiastic supporters who cheered the team on their victory parade through the streets of the town, accompanied by the Town Band.

Note: Southampton score given first Played = Matches played.

Jeffrey Addicott

Jeffrey Frank Addicott is an American lawyer and university professor. He is the Director of the Warrior Defense Project at St. Mary’s University School of Law St. Mary's University School of Law in San Antonio, Texas. Addicott went to college at the University of Maryland and graduated in 1976, he received his Juris Doctor degree in 1979 from the University of Alabama School of Law. He received two Master of Law degrees in 1987 and 1992 from The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School and the University of Virginia School of Law respectively, he received a Doctor of Juridical Science from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1994. From 1980 to 2000 he served in the United States Army as a judge advocate, he served as a senior legal advisor to the United States Army’s Special Forces and became the Deputy Director of the International & Operational Law Division of the Army's Judge Advocate General School. For his military service he was awarded the Legion of Merit, he retired as a Lieutenant Colonel.

From 1980 to 1981 he was an Adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland teaching Business Law and Government. From 1982 to 1983 he was Adjunct Professor at Central Texas College teaching Business Law. From 1984 to 1985 he was a Professor at the Academy of Health Sciences in San Antonio, Texas teaching Health Law. From 1988 to 1989 he was an Adjunct Professor at Chapman College in Tacoma, Washington teaching Graduate level International Law. From 1989 to 1992 he was the Assistant Chairman of the International Law Department at the Judge Advocate General’s School in Charlottesville, Virginia teaching Graduate level International Law, National Security Law and Criminal Law. In 1995 he was an Adjunct Professor at Central Michigan University teaching Graduate level International Law. In 1996 he was an Adjunct Professor at Central Texas College, Central Michigan University and Webster University teaching Criminal Law, Graduate level Business Law, Graduate level Administrative Law. In 1997 he was an Adjunct Professor at Campbell University teaching Business Law.

From 1998 to 2001 he was an Adjunct Professor at Central Michigan University teaching Graduate level International Law and Administrative Law. He became a law professor in St. Mary's University School of Law in San Antonio, Texas. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, he shifted his focus on terrorism law, in 2003 he was appointed as the director of St. Mary's University's Center for Terrorism Law. Since Addicott has given more than 600 speeches and given interviews to leading news agencies more than 4,000 times, he worked with the executive branch and the FBI during the presidency of George W. Bush. During a speech at a rally to defend a statue honoring Confederate soldiers in Travis Park, Addicott said he'd "love to beat the living daylights" out of racists, he said. He was criticized for the comments by St. Mary's president Thomas Mengler, as well as by alumni. Addicott told a columnist for a local newspaper that he had made a mistake