Crestwood Publications known as Feature Publications, was a magazine publisher that published comic books from the 1940s through the 1960s. Its title Prize Comics contained what is considered the first ongoing horror comic-book feature, Dick Briefer's "Frankenstein". Crestwood is best known for its Prize Group imprint, published in the late 1940s to mid-1950s through packagers Joe Simon and Jack Kirby, who created such prominent titles as the horror comic Black Magic, the creator-owned superhero satire Fighting American, the first romance comic title, Young Romance. For much of its history, Crestwood's publishers were Mike Bleier. In the 1940s the company's general manager was Maurice Rosenfeld, in the 1950s the general manager was M. R. Reese. In the mid-1950s, the company office manager was Nevin Fidler. In addition to Simon and Kirby, notable Crestwood/Prize contributors included Leonard Starr, Mort Meskin, Joe Maneely, John Severin, Will Elder, Carmine Infantino, Bruno Premiani, Dick Ayers, George Klein, Jack Abel, Ed Winiarski, Dick Briefer.
In 1940, Crestwood's Prize Publications established as a producer of pulp magazines, jumped onto the superhero bandwagon with the new title Prize Comics. The first issue featured the non-superpowered, costumed crime fighter K the Unknown, whose name was changed to the Black Owl in issue #2, April, 1940). In Prize Comics #7, writer-artist Dick Briefer introduced the eight-page feature "New Adventures of Frankenstein", an updated version of 19th-century novelist Mary Shelley's much-adapted Frankenstein monster. Considered by comics historians including Don Markstein as "America's first ongoing comic book series to fall squarely within the horror genre", the feature, set in New York City circa 1930, starred a guttural, rampaging creature dubbed "Frankenstein". Launched with a cover date of September 1947, the Prize Group title Young Romance signaled its distinction from traditional superhero and genre comics with a cover banner stating the series was "designed for the more adult readers of comics".
Told from a first person perspective, underlining its claim to be recounting "true" stories, the title was an instant success, "bec Jack and Joe's biggest hit in years" and selling "millions of copies" and a staggering 92% of its print run. Crestwood increased the print run by the third issue to triple the initial numbers, well as upgrade the title from bimonthly to monthly through issues #13–72. Within a year-and-a-half, Simon & Kirby were launching companion titles for Crestwood to capitalize on the success of this new genre; the first issue of Young Love sold well with "indistinguishable" content from its parent-title. Further spin-off titles Young Brides and In Love followed from Crestwood/Prize, were produced by the Simon & Kirby stable of artists and writers; the long-running horror/suspense title Black Magic debuted in 1950. According to Jack Kirby, the idea for Spider-Man originated with him and Simon, who developed a character called The Silver Spider for Black Magic, subsequently not used.
In 1954, a Crestwood/Prize salesman urged Kirby and Simon to launch their own comics company, Mainline Publications, while the duo continued to produce work for Crestwood under contract. When the duo rearranged and republished artwork from an old Crestwood story in the Mainline title In Love, Crestwood refused to pay Simon and Kirby. After reviewing Crestwood's finances, Simon & Kirby's attorney's stated that the company owed them $130,000 over the past seven years. Crestwood paid them $10,000 in addition to their recent delayed payments. Crestwood gave up publishing comics in 1963, selling off its remaining romance comics to publisher DC Comics, it continued to publish humor magazines, such as Sick, up until 1968. Airmale American Eagle Atomic Man Black Owl Blue Streak Bulldog Denny Captain Gallant Dr. Dekkar, Master of Monsters Dr. Frost The Futureman & Jupiter Green Lama Junior Rangers Master Magician Power Nelson Ted O'Neil Yank & Doodle Crestwood/Prize characters at International Superheroes
Baron Zemo is the name of several fictional supervillains appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The two central characters who have used the title Baron Zemo are Helmut Zemo. Both have led the Masters of Evil; the term refers to a fictional barony that has spanned multiple decades of the fictional history of the Marvel Universe. The initial published version of Baron Zemo was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby and was first seen in a flashback in The Avengers #4. Fury and His Howling Commandos #8, in the same month. Zemo was retroactively added into the history of Captain America upon the hero's reintroduction to the Silver Age two issues prior; the character subsequently appears in The Avengers #7, #9-10, Tales of Suspense #60, The Avengers #15, in which he is killed. Since Helmut Zemo uses the Baron Zemo title since Captain America #275. Harbin Zemo, the progenitor of the Zemo line was first seen, via flashback, in the Avengers/Thunderbolts limited series; the backstory of the eleven barons before Heinrich and Helmut was touched upon in the limited series Thunderbolts Presents: Zemo - Born Better.
So far it seems. According to Wendell Volker's notes Harbin had other children before Hademar who did not survive to adulthood. Harbin Zemo - The first Baron Zemo, around in 1480. Hademar Zemo - The second Baron Zemo, son of Harbin Zemo and the greediest of the Zemos, he was killed by the guards at his inauguration. Heller Zemo - The third Baron Zemo, son of Hademar Zemo and the most progressive of the Zemos. Herbert Zemo - The fourth Baron Zemo, son of Heller Zemo, he was assassinated by his own generals. Helmuth Zemo - The fifth Baron Zemo, son of Herbert Zemo, he was assassinated by a time-displaced Helmut Zemo. Hackett Zemo - The sixth Baron Zemo, son of Helmuth Zemo. Hartwig Zemo - The seventh Baron Zemo, son of Hackett Zemo. Hilliard Zemo - The eighth Baron Zemo, son of Hartwig Zemo. Hoffman Zemo - The ninth Baron Zemo, son of Hilliard Zemo. Hobart Zemo - The tenth Baron Zemo, son of Hoffman Zemo. Herman Zemo - The eleventh Baron Zemo, son of Hobart Zemo. Active during WWI. Heinrich Zemo - The twelfth Baron Zemo, son of Herman Zemo Helmut Zemo - The thirteenth and modern Baron Zemo, son of Heinrich Zemo The Zemo barony started in Zeulniz, Germany in 1480 when Harbin Zemo, the granary charge man and ministerialis of the town borrowed a suit of armor and stood alone against an invading horde of Slav raiders.
Harbin slew the entire horde and so impressed the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire that he was elevated to nobility and awarded Zeulniz. As time went on Harbin Zemo became irritated and tired of the demands of the barony. Harbin was succeeded by his son Hademar. Hademar was a weak man who had never seen battle but, all too eager to become the next baron. Shortly after Harbin's death Hademar was made baron. Hademar's twelve-year-old son Heller plotted to kill his father and soon became the next baron thanks to the help of his time travelling descendant Helmut Zemo. History looks upon Heller as the most progressive of all the 13 barons in the Zemo line. Helmut's next few trips in time involved him going into battle in 1556 alongside Heller's son Herbert Zemo, a proud warrior, assassinating Herbert's son Helmuth Zemo in 1640 and narrowly escaping death at the hands of Helmuth's son Hackett Zemo in 1710. Helmut arrived at Castle Zemo in the 1760s around the time the seventh baron, Hartwig Zemo died in battle during the Seven Years' War.
Helmut began to observe Hartwig's son Hilliard as he romanced Elsbeth Kleinenshvitz, the daughter of a Jewish merchant whose family had worked for the Zemo family from the inception of the barony. After Hartwig died Hilliard became the eighth baron and was forced to turn against Elsbeth and her family. Men loyal to the barony murdered Elsbeth's family to keep them from becoming too powerful. A pregnant Elsbeth was saved by Helmut Zemo, still travelling in time. Hilliard would go on to marry an Austrian girl named Gretchen. Helmut is next seen in 1879 as a member of the travelling guard of Hobart. Helmut had worked for Hobart for several weeks and had to defend Hobart from civilian assassination attempts. Unrest had broken out in the German Empire after William I, German Emperor passed legislation to curb socialism following attempts on William's life; the commoners grew angry with the noblemen including Hobart despite the fact that Hobart fought for their rights. Helmut Zemo was unable to save Hobart from being killed.
Helmut next arrived during World War. Herman was defending Germany against a battalion of British soldiers led by the original Union Jack. Helmut witnessed his grandfather employ his own concoction of mustard gas against the British troops and watched as they died in agony. Helmut went with his men back to Castle Zemo to find it devastated. Helmut leaped to his next time period to see his father's role in Nazi Germany; the 12th Baron Zemo, Heinrich Zemo is depicted as one of the top scientists in the Nazi Party. Zemo fought both Captain America and his allies the Howling Commandos during World War II. A brilliant and sadistic scientific genius, Zemo created many weapons of mass destruction for Hitler's army. In an attempt to regai
Dr. Henry "Hank" Pym is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by editor and plotter Stan Lee, scripter Larry Lieber and penciler Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in Tales to Astonish #27; the character, a scientist that debuted in a standalone science-fiction anthology story, returned several issues as the original iteration of the superhero Ant-Man with the power to shrink to the size of an insect. Alongside his crime-fighting partner/wife Janet van Dyne, he goes on to assume other superhero identities, including the size-changing Giant-Man and Goliath, he is a founding member of the superhero team the Avengers. Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, Hank Pym has featured in other Marvel-endorsed products such as animated films. Michael Douglas portrays the character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, appearing in Ant-Man and Ant-Man and the Wasp, he will reprise his role in the upcoming Avengers: Endgame. Hank Pym debuted in a seven-page solo cover story titled "The Man in the Ant Hill" in the science fiction/fantasy anthology Tales to Astonish #27.
The creative team was editor-plotter Stan Lee, scripter Larry Lieber, penciler Jack Kirby, inker Dick Ayers, with Lee stating in 2008: "I did one comic book called'The Man in the Ant Hill' about a guy who shrunk down and there were ants or bees chasing him. That sold so well that I thought making him into a superhero might be fun."As a result, Pym was revived eight issues as the costumed superhero Ant-Man who starred in the 13-page, three-chapter story "Return of the Ant-Man/An Army of Ants/The Ant-Man’s Revenge" in Tales to Astonish #35. The character's adventures became an ongoing feature in the title. Issue # 44 featured the debut of his socialite laboratory assistant Janet van Dyne. Janet adopted the costumed identity of the Wasp, co-starred in Pym's subsequent appearances in Tales to Astonish. Wasp on occasion acted as a framing-sequence host for backup stories in the title. In September 1963, Lee and Kirby created the superhero title The Avengers, Ant-Man and Wasp were established in issue #1 as founding members of the team.
Decades Lee theorized as to why "Ant-Man never became one of our top sellers or had his own book," saying, I loved Ant-Man, but the stories were never successful. In order for Ant-Man to be successful, he had to be drawn this small next to big things and you would be getting pictures that were visually interesting; the artists who drew him, no matter, they kept forgetting that fact. They would draw him standing on a tabletop and they would draw a heroic-looking guy. I would say,'Draw a matchbook cover next to him, so we see the difference in size.' But they kept forgetting. So when you would look at the panels, you thought you were looking at a normal guy wearing an underwear costume like all of them, it didn't have the interest. Pym began what would be a constant shifting of superhero identities in Tales to Astonish, becoming the 12 ft tall Giant-Man in issue #49. Pym and van Dyne continued to costar in the title until issue #69, while appearing in The Avengers until issue #15, after which the couple temporarily left the team.
Pym rejoined the Avengers and adopted the new identity Goliath in Avengers #28. Falling to mental strain, he adopted the fourth superhero identity Yellowjacket in issue #59. Pym reappeared as Ant-Man in Avengers #93 and for issues #4–10 starred in the lead story of the first volume of Marvel Feature. During this run he appeared in a redesigned costume with a nail as a weapon. After appearing as Yellowjacket in the 1980s and battling mental and emotional issues, Pym would temporarily abandon a costumed persona. Pym joined the West Coast Avengers as a inventor in West Coast Avengers vol. 2, #21. The character returned to the Avengers as the superhero Giant-Man in The Avengers vol. 3, #1. When the team disbanded after a series of tragedies, using the Yellowjacket persona again, took a leave of absence beginning with vol. 3, #85. Following the death of van Dyne, a grieving Pym took on yet another superhero identity as the new iteration of Wasp, in tribute to the woman he had married and divorced by this time, in the one-shot publication Secret Invasion: Requiem.
Giant-Man appeared as a supporting character in Avengers Academy from issue #1 through its final issue #39. Pym returned as the Wasp in the mini-series Ant-Man & The Wasp, appeared as a regular character in the 2010-2013 Secret Avengers series, from issue #22 through its final issue #37. After Secret Avengers, Pym joined the Avengers A. I. after beating his creation, Ultron. He appeared in many comic books like Daredevil and the graphic novel Rage of Ultron. Biochemist Dr. Henry "Hank" Pym discovers an unusual set of subatomic particles he labels "Pym particles". Entrapping these within two separate serums, he creates a size-altering formula and a reversal formula, testing them on himself. Reduced to the size of an insect, he becomes trapped in an anthill before he escapes and uses the reversal formula to restore himself to his normal size. Deciding the serums are too dangerous to exist, he destroys them. Shortly afterward, he recreates his serums. Pym's exp
2001: A Space Odyssey (comics)
2001: A Space Odyssey is an oversized American comic book adaptation of the 1968 film of the same name as well as a ten–issue monthly series which expanded upon the concepts presented in the Stanley Kubrick film and the novel by Arthur C. Clarke. Jack Kirby wrote and pencilled both the adaptation and the series, which were published by Marvel Comics beginning in 1976; the adaptation was part of the agreement of Kirby's return to Marvel. Marvel published the adaptation in its then-common treasury edition format featuring tabloid-sized pages of twice the size of a standard American comic book; the story is a close adaptation of the events of the film, but differs in the fact that Kirby incorporated additional dialog from two other sources: the Clarke/Kubrick novel and a copy of an earlier draft script of the film that included the more colloquial-sounding version of HAL 9000, as voiced by actor Martin Balsam before Douglas Rain took over. In addition, the comic narrative captions describe the characters' thoughts and feelings, a different approach from that taken by the film.
The treasury edition contained a 10-page article entitled "2001: A Space Legacy" written by David Anthony Kraft. Shortly after the publication of the treasury edition, Kirby continued to explore the concepts of 2001 in a monthly comic book series of the same name, the first issue of, cover dated December 1976. In this issue, Kirby followed the pattern established in the film. Once again the reader encounters a prehistoric man who gains new insight upon encountering a Monolith as did Moon-Watcher in the film; the scene shifts, where a descendant of Beast-Killer is part of a space mission to explore yet another Monolith. When he finds it, this Monolith begins to transform the astronaut into a Star Child, called in the comic a "New Seed". Issues #1–6 of the series replay the same idea with different characters in different situations, both prehistoric and futuristic. In #7, the comic opens with the birth of a New Seed who travels the galaxy witnessing the suffering that men cause each other. While the New Seed is unable or unwilling to prevent this devastation, he takes the essence of two doomed lovers and uses it to seed another planet with the potential for human life.
In issue #8, Kirby introduces Mister Machine, renamed Machine Man. Mister Machine is an advanced robot designated X-51. All the other robots in the X series go on a rampage as they are destroyed. X-51, supported by both the love of his creator Dr. Abel Stack and an encounter with a Monolith, transcends the malfunction that destroyed his siblings. After the death of Dr. Stack, X-51 begins to blend into humanity. Issues #9 and 10, the final issues of the series, continue the story of X-51 as he flees destruction at the hands of the Army. Allusions are made to the series in the Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. Season 3 episode "4,722 Hours". List of comics based on films Marvel Treasury Edition Marvel Comics: The Untold Story by Sean Howe. New York City: Harper, 2012. 485 pp. ISBN 978-0-06-199210-0. Darius, Julian. "On Jack Kirby's 2001: A Space Odyssey". Sequart Research & Literacy Organization. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Darius, Julian. "The Continuity Pages: 2001: A Space Odyssey". Sequart Research & Literacy Organization.
Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. 2001: A Space Odyssey at the Comic Book DB 2001: A Space Odyssey at the Comic Book DB
Batroc the Leaper
Batroc is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in Tales of Suspense #75, 1966, he is a master of the French form of kick boxing known as savate. Writer Mark Waid described the character as ahead of his time, elaborating "He was a Jean-Claude Van Damme, but he was in the 1960s."Georges St-Pierre plays the character in the 2014 film Captain America: The Winter Soldier. Batroc, created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, first appeared in Tales of Suspense #75 in March 1966, he has reappeared in various Marvel titles since. Sporting a new costume designed by John Romita Jr. Batroc served as Klaw's top lieutenant in the first arc of the 2005 re-launch of Reginald Hudlin's Black Panther. Georges Batroc was born in Marseille and served in the French Foreign Legion, he is a French costumed mercenary who specializes in savate, a form of kickboxing, with acrobatic skills and articulate unusual flexibility.
Although he has appeared in the pages of Captain America, he has faced off against the Punisher, Spider-Man, Hawkeye, Iron Fist and Gambit. Batroc has led his own team, "Batroc's Brigade", although the membership has changed over time; the group has fought Captain America. In the character's first appearance, he was hired by Them to steal the Inferno-42 cylinder, he first battled Captain America during this mission. When Batroc introduced himself with typical bluster, Cap revealed, to Batroc's delight, that he had heard of the mercenary: "Batroc the Leaper, eh? A master of la savate, the French art of boxing with the feet!" He was again hired by HYDRA and abducted Sharon Carter for them. He lured Captain America into a rematch, in which he insisted HYDRA not intervene, again lost. In both of these stories, Batroc was regarded as a deadly combatant, his skill respected by enemies and employers alike. Batroc was hired by a foreign power to locate a "seismo-bomb" with the first known Batroc's Brigade.
Batroc battled Captain America again. The Machinesmith's Baron Strucker android known as "the Hood" hired a new Batroc's Brigade to battle Captain America. Batroc formed a third Batroc's Brigade, which consisted of various unnamed henchmen, rather than known supervillains, since supervillains had failed Batroc in the past; the alien Jakar, concealing his true nature and intent, hired this group to abduct children from New York and to battle Captain America and Falcon. Although Batroc felt no compunction about abducting children, upon learning Jakar's true nature and his intent to use the children's souls to revive his comatose race, he felt his "sense of honair" had been violated by the deception, he again switched sides, aiding Captain America and the Falcon to rescue the children. Ward Meachum hired Batroc's Brigade, who battled Iron Fist and a ninja warrior, several Brigade members dying in the process. For a while after that, Batroc operated without a Brigade. Alongside an extra-dimensional demon ally, Batroc attempted a theft of transuranium, but was stopped by Captain America and Spider-Man.
Batroc was a member of the ersatz "Defenders", a group of villains who were impersonating the actual Defenders. They committed robberies while posing as members of the Defenders, until stopped by a Defenders contingent. Alongside Mister Hyde, Batroc attempted an extortion scheme against Manhattan, he battled Captain America, but when Mister Hyde decided to carry out the threat, which would kill thousands, again showing that there were some lines he would not cross, aided Captain America against Hyde, saving the city. Batroc formed a new, longer-lasting lineup of Batroc's Brigade - this one consisting of Zaran the Weapons Master and Machete; this team was first seen when Obadiah Stane contracted them to steal Captain America's shield and Batroc succeeded. Trick Shot hired Batroc's Brigade to battle Hawkeye. Baron Helmut Zemo hired Batroc's Brigade to acquire the fragments of the Bloodstone, they battled Captain Diamondback. The brigade was hired by Maelstrom to help him build a device that could destroy the universe and battled the Great Lakes Avengers.
Alongside Snakebite, Batroc battled the Punisher. Batroc the Leaper showed up as a member of a small army of villains organized by Klaw to invade Wakanda, which included Rhino, Radioactive Man, the Cannibal, the villainous Black Knight, he was defeated by Black Panther's royal bodyguards. During the crossover JLA/Avengers, Batroc confronted Batman when he was one of the villains recruited by Krona for his army; the Dark Knight defeated him. Batroc's Brigade face Batman, but he is assisted by Black Panther and Black Widow, in defeating the Brigade. Batroc has a daughter, teamed in villainy with the daughter of similar B-list supervillain Tarantula. Both daughters take titles. Taskmaster expresses his shock that Tarantula and Batroc are heterosexual before soundly beating the two villains' offspring, tossing them effortlessly off of a building, noting that he "hates ethnic stereotypes."Batroc served among the group of villains forcibly drafted into Baron Zemo's Thunderbolts army. But after returning to federal custody, Batroc registered with the Superhuman Registration Act, was sent to a superhuman training facility located at Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virg
Captain America's shield
Captain America's shield is a fictional item appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. It is the primary defensive and offensive piece of equipment used by the Marvel Comics superhero Captain America. Over the years, Captain America has had the use of several different shields of varying composition and design, his original heater shield first appeared in Captain America Comics #1, published by Marvel's 1940s predecessor, Timely Comics. The circular shield best associated with the character debuted in the next issue, Captain America Comics #2. Captain America was created by the team of writer-artist Joe artist Jack Kirby. Captain America's shield is indestructible under normal conditions. While cosmic and magical or godly opponents have broken the shield, the shield proves strong enough to absorb Hulk's strength, repel an attack from Thor's mystical hammer Mjölnir without any visible damage. Due to its construction of a Vibranium and Steel alloy, it is able to absorb all kinetic energy and transfers little energy from each impact, preventing Captain America from feeling recoil or transferred impact forces when blocking attacks.
This alloy allows him to deflect Adamantium blades without damage to the shield. These physical properties mean the shield can bounce off of most smooth surfaces, ricocheting multiple times with minimal loss in aerodynamic stability or speed; the shield can absorb the kinetic impact of a fall, allowing Captain America to land safely when jumping from several stories, as demonstrated in Captain America: Winter Soldier. A common misconception is; the "superhuman serum" that enhanced Captain America's physical attributes improved his mental faculties—such as cognition, balance and reflexes—to near genius-level. This allows him to calculate ballistic-physics and predict the probable trajectory of objects in motion; this makes him a perfect shot. He can dodge or deflect bullets with his shield without collateral ricochet to civilians, to calculate where or how the shield will bounce and when it will return to his location, or trip a running person to cause them to fall into a specific position. In Avengers: Age of Ultron, he pulls the shield back to him after it is stuck, but this is through an electromagnet fastened on his arm.
After his memories are altered to make him believe that he is a Hydra sleeper agent, Rogers uses his precise knowledge of the shield to put Sam Wilson, its current wielder, in a position where he will fail to save a senator from Flag-Smasher by arranging for Wilson to be forced to throw the shield in a manner that Rogers knows from his own experience will miss its target by mere millimetres, as part of his agenda to undermine Sam's status as Captain America. In his debut, Captain America is equipped with a heater style shield made from steel. After complaints by rival comic-book publisher MLJ that the design was too similar to that of its own patriotic hero the Shield, Timely Comics replaced the triangular shield with a disc-shaped one. While the origin and fate of the original shield were not described in the original comics from the 1940s, the shield's fate was revealed decades in 2001 through a retconned story. According to the tale, King T'Chaka of the African nation Wakanda met Captain America in early 1941 and gave him a sample of Vibranium, an alien metal with unique Vibration absorption properties and found only in Wakanda and the Savage Land.
The new Vibranium sample was used to make Captain America's circular shield and his triangular one was retired. Captain America received a second triangular shield that he used until given his disc-shaped shield, presented to him by President Franklin Roosevelt; this second triangular shield would be kept in storage with Rogers' other personal effects after the war. It was recovered at some point after Rogers joined the superhero team the Avengers in The Avengers #4, was kept at Avengers Mansion, it was destroyed by the supervillain Mr. Hyde during a raid on the mansion by Baron Zemo's Masters of Evil, "plucked from time" and restored by Zemo in Thunderbolts #105; the shield was returned to Captain America. A third triangular shield is kept in the Smithsonian Institution, it was used by Captain America when he foiled a terrorist attack on the museum itself after the loss of his usual shield. This shield is destroyed several issues by a Kree alien warrior; the shield destroyed by Hydra and restored by Zemo was passed on to Elijah Bradley, the teenage hero known as the Patriot and leader of the Young Avengers.
In 2010, the history of the original shield was revised. In the limited series Captain America/Black Panther: Flags of Our Fathers, Captain America, Sergeant Nick Fury and the Howling Commandos meet Azzari -- the Black Panther and king of Wakanda during World War II. Aided by Wakandan military forces, they repel a series of Nazi assaults led by the Red Skull and Baron Strucker. During the battle, the Red Skull crushes the triangular shield, Captain America uses a circular Vibranium shield provided by T'Chaka to incapacitate the Skull; the weapon serves as the inspiration for the circular shield that the super-soldier begins using upon his return to America, the encounter marks the beginning of friendly relations between the United States and Wakanda. The circular shield most associated with Captain America made its debut in Captain America Comics #2. A indestructible concavo-convex metal disc 2
The Baxter Building is a fictitious 35-story office building appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The building is depicted in Manhattan, its five upper floors house the Fantastic Four's headquarters; the Baxter Building first was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. The Baxter Building was the first comic-book superhero lair to be well known to the general public in the fictional world; the Baxter Building is written and drawn by John Byrne. Explaining why he chose to destroy the iconic structure, Byrne said, "The FF’s HQ building had long been established as 35 stories in height. Quite impressive in 1962, but not so much in 1980, when I came to the book, it didn’t seem like I could just start referring to the building as taller than all those previous stories had made it, so I decided on something a wee bit more dramatic." Located at 42nd Street and Madison Avenue in New York City, it had been built in 1949 by the Leland Baxter Paper Company. Designed as a high-rise industrial site to accommodate pulp recycling machinery to serve the mid-Manhattan area, each floor height is 24 feet.
The top 5 floors of the 35-story building were purchased outright by the Fantastic Four. The building's steel frame construction utilized the first application of "K bracing" in the world and is one of the strongest structures of its kind; the Baxter Building is located a few city blocks from the United Nations Building. Reed Richards has applied for many land-use zone variations to allow massive reconstruction of the top five floors for the installation of a silenced silo, with a muffled rocket; the design of the headquarters of the Fantastic Four is along utilitarian lines, except for apartments and public areas. All aspects of the design are being improved, including security. For example, windows are 2 ft thick composites of various glasses and plastics which are mirrored on the outside. Solid, exterior walls are mirror-clad and are indistinguishable from transparent sections; the top five sections of the Baxter Building are airtight. Complete environmental support is provided by the area between elevators 2, 3, 4 on all floors.
The building's steel-alloy framework is rigid enough to be stood on not collapse. The buffer-zone is the interface between the lower levels, it provides lower segments of building. It contains an array of large oil-rams to dampen any oscillations between the five upper levels and the base of the building; the buffer-zone contains some support equipment for the upper levels, but it is the "mechanical floor," which provides heating, air-conditioning and elevator support equipment for the lower 30 stories. A running joke for years in the title was that the landlord Walter Collins was eager to rent out to a superhero team for the publicity and prestige, but he soon regretted his decision as the building became a constant target for numerous attacks by supervillains starting with Fantastic Four #6 in which Doctor Doom launched the entire building into outer space; the attacks made things difficult not only for the Four, but for the other tenants in the lower floors as well. Reed Richards decided to invoke a clause of the rental agreement and bought the entire building to avoid eviction.
The building was destroyed by Doctor Doom's adopted son Kristoff Vernard, who shot it into space and exploded it in a bid to murder the Fantastic Four. It was replaced by Four Freedoms Plaza, built upon the same site. After the Fantastic Four and other costumed heroes were presumed dead in the wake of their battle with Onslaught, Four Freedoms Plaza was stripped clean of all the FF's equipment by Vernard and Reed Richards' father Nathaniel, who sent it into the Negative Zone to keep it out of the hands of the United States military. Upon their return, the Fantastic Four could not move back into Four Freedoms Plaza, as it had been destroyed by the Thunderbolts, shortly after the revelation that they were the Avengers' longtime foes, the Masters of Evil. Thus, the Fantastic Four moved into a retrofitted warehouse along the Hudson River which they named Pier 4; the warehouse was destroyed during a battle with Diablo, after which the team received a new Baxter Building, courtesy of Reed's former professor Noah Baxter.
This Baxter Building was constructed in Earth's orbit and teleported into the vacant lot occupied by the original Baxter Building and Four Freedoms Plaza. The current Baxter Building's ground floor is used as a Fantastic Four gift shop and museum open to the public. In the aftermath of the collapse of the multiverse, the Fantastic Four have disbanded as the Richards' family have gone on to reconstruct the multiverse, leaving the Thing to join the Guardians of the Galaxy, while the Torch is working as an ambassador for the Inhumans and a member of the Avengers Unity Squad; as a result, the deserted Baxter Building was up for auction, until it was purchased to serve as the temporary headquarters of Parker Industries, much to the initial dismay of the Human Torch. However, Peter Parker explained to the Torch that he outbid Alchemax, Hammer Industries, Roxxon for the ownership of the building to keep it out of their hands, will give the Baxter Building back when the Fantastic Four reunites. Witnessing a large sculpture of the FF in the