Marjory Stoneman Douglas
Marjory Stoneman Douglas was an American journalist, women's suffrage advocate, conservationist known for her staunch defense of the Everglades against efforts to drain it and reclaim land for development. Moving to Miami as a young woman to work for The Miami Herald, she became a freelance writer, producing over a hundred short stories that were published in popular magazines, her most influential work was the book The Everglades: River of Grass, which redefined the popular conception of the Everglades as a treasured river instead of a worthless swamp. Its impact has been compared to that of Rachel Carson's influential book Silent Spring, her books and journalism career brought her influence in Miami, enabling her to advance her causes. As a young woman, Douglas was outspoken and politically conscious of the women's suffrage and civil rights movements, she was called upon to take a central role in the protection of the Everglades when she was 79 years old. For the remaining 29 years of her life she was "a relentless reporter and fearless crusader" for the natural preservation and restoration of South Florida.
Her tireless efforts earned her several variations of the nickname "Grande Dame of the Everglades" as well as the hostility of agricultural and business interests looking to benefit from land development in Florida. She received numerous awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, was inducted into several halls of fame. Douglas lived to 108. Upon her death, an obituary in The Independent in London stated, "In the history of the American environmental movement, there have been few more remarkable figures than Marjory Stoneman Douglas." Marjory Stoneman was born on April 7, 1890, in Minneapolis, the only child of Frank Bryant Stoneman and Florence Lillian Trefethen, a concert violinist. One of her earliest memories was her father reading to her The Song of Hiawatha, at which she burst into sobs upon hearing that the tree had to give its life in order to provide Hiawatha the wood for a canoe, she was an voracious reader. Her first book was Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, which she kept well into adulthood until "some fiend in human form must have borrowed it and not brought it back".
She visited Florida when she was four, her most vivid memory of the trip was picking an orange from a tree at the Tampa Bay Hotel. From there she and her parents embarked on a cruise from Tampa to Havana; when she was six, Marjory's parents separated. Her father endured a series of failed entrepreneurial ventures and the instability caused her mother to move them abruptly to the Trefethen family house in Taunton, Massachusetts, she lived there with her mother and grandparents, who did not get along well and spoke ill of her father, to her dismay. Her mother, whom Marjory characterized as "high-strung", was committed to a mental sanitarium in Providence several times, her parents' separation and the contentiousness of her mother's family caused her to suffer from night terrors. She credited her tenuous upbringing with making her "a skeptic and a dissenter" for the rest of her life; as a youth, Marjory found solace in reading, she began to write. At sixteen she contributed to the most popular children's publication of the day, St. Nicholas Magazine—also the first publisher of 20th-century writers F. Scott Fitzgerald, Rachel Carson, William Faulkner—with a puzzle titled "Double Beheadings and Double Curtailings".
In 1907, she was awarded a prize by the Boston Herald for "An Early Morning Paddle", a story about a boy who watches a sunrise from a canoe. As her mother's mental health deteriorated, Marjory took on more responsibilities managing some of the family finances and gaining a maturity imposed upon her by circumstance. Marjory left for college despite grave misgivings about her mother's mental state, her aunt and grandmother shared her concerns, but recognized that she needed to leave in order to begin her own life. She was a straight-A student at Wellesley College, graduating with a BA in English in 1912, she found particular success in a class on elocution, joined the first suffrage club with six of her classmates. She was elected Class Orator, but was unable to fulfill the office since she was involved in other activities. During her senior year while visiting home, her mother showed her a lump on her breast. Marjory arranged the surgery to have it removed. After the graduation ceremony, her aunt informed her it had metastasized, within months her mother was dead.
The family left the funeral arrangements up to Marjory. After drifting with college friends through a few jobs to which she did not feel well-suited, Marjory Stoneman met Kenneth Douglas in 1914, she was so impressed with his manners and surprised at the attention he showed her that she married him within three months. He portrayed himself as a newspaper editor, was 30 years her senior, but the marriage failed when it became apparent he was a con artist; the true extent of his duplicity Marjory did not reveal, despite her honesty in all other matters. Douglas was married to Marjory while married to another woman. While he spent six months in jail for passing a bad check, she remained faithful to him, his scheme to scam her absent father out of money worked in Marjory's favor when it attracted Frank Stoneman's attention. Marjory's uncle persuaded her to end the marriage. In the fall of 1915, Marjory Stoneman Douglas left New England to be reunited with her father, whom she had not seen since her parents' separation.
Shortly before that, her father had married Lillius Eleanor Shine, a great-great-granddaughter of Tho
George Jean Nathan
George Jean Nathan was an American drama critic and magazine editor. He worked with H. L. Mencken, bringing the literary magazine The Smart Set to prominence as an editor, co-founding and editing The American Mercury and The American Spectator, he was born in Indiana. He graduated from Cornell University in 1904. There, he was an editor of the Cornell Daily Sun. Though he published a paean to bachelorhood, Nathan had a reputation as a ladies' man and was not averse to dating women working in the theater; the character of Addison De Witt, the waspish theater critic who squires a starlet in the 1950 film All About Eve was based on Nathan. He had a romantic relationship with actress Lillian Gish, beginning in the late 1920s and lasting a decade. Gish refused his proposals of marriage. Nathan married younger stage actress, Julie Haydon, in 1955. Nathan died in New York City in 1958, aged 76; the George Jean Nathan Award, an honor in dramatic criticism, is named after him. Nathan is a member of the American Theater Hall of Fame.
George Jean Nathan Award at Cornell Works by George Jean Nathan at Project Gutenberg Works by or about George Jean Nathan at Internet Archive George Jean Nathan at Find a Grave
The Maltese Falcon (novel)
The Maltese Falcon is a 1930 detective novel by American writer Dashiell Hammett serialized in the magazine Black Mask beginning with the September 1929 issue. The story is told in external third-person narrative; the novel has been adapted several times for the cinema. The main character, Sam Spade, was a departure from Hammett's nameless detective, The Continental Op. Spade combined several features of previous detectives, notably his cold detachment, keen eye for detail, sometimes ruthless, determination to achieve his own form of justice, a complete lack of sentimentality. ‘Sam’ Spade is a private detective in San Francisco, in partnership with Miles Archer. The beautiful "Miss Wonderly" hires them to follow Floyd Thursby. Archer is found shot dead that night. Thursby is killed and Spade is a suspect; the next morning, Spade coolly tells his office secretary, Effie Perine, to have the office door repainted to read "Samuel Spade". "Miss Wonderly" is soon revealed to be an acquisitive adventuress named Brigid O'Shaughnessy, involved in the search for a black statuette of unknown but substantial value.
Others are after this falcon, including Joel Cairo, an effeminate Greek homosexual, Casper Gutman, a fat man accompanied by a vicious young gunman, Wilmer Cook. O'Shaughnessy begs for Spade's protection, while telling him as little as possible, they meet with Cairo at Spade's apartment and Spade again presses O'Shaughnessy for details. The next morning, she is asleep in his bed. Leaving her there, Spade slips out to search her apartment. Effie believes O'Shaughnessy "is all right" and Spade should help her. Effie agrees to hide her at her own home; when Spade meets Gutman in his hotel room, neither of them will tell. Spade implies. Red herrings abound; the police suspect Spade in the shootings. The District Attorney ties the shootings to Dixie Monahan, a Chicago gambler who had employed Thursby as a bodyguard in the Far East. At a second meeting, Gutman tells Spade the history of the falcon, it was made of gold and jewels by the 16th-century Knights of Malta as a gift to the King of Spain but was captured by pirates.
After passing from owner to owner, at some time it was coated with black enamel to conceal its value. Gutman traced the falcon to General Kemidov, a Russian exile in Constantinople, hired O'Shaughnessy to get it. O'Shaughnessy and Thursby fled with it to Hong Kong and from there to San Francisco. During this conversation, Gutman drugs Spade. Spade awakens alone and returns to his office where a wounded ship's captain staggers in and dies, carrying a package containing the falcon. O'Shaughnessy calls the office, begging for Spade's help but sending him on a wild goose chase; when he returns, O'Shaughnessy is waiting in front of Spade's apartment building. Inside it they find Gutman and Cairo in wait with guns drawn. Gutman presents $10,000 in cash for the falcon but Spade remarks that the police must arrest someone for the murders that have been committed. During a fight, Spade knocks Wilmer out and Gutman agrees to give him up. Spade has Effie fetch the falcon, but Gutman discovers. During the excitement, Wilmer escapes.
Gutman decides to go to Constantinople for the real falcon. Spade calls the police and tells them the story, adding that he has Wilmer's guns and other evidence. While they are waiting, he bullies O'Shaughnessy into confessing her real role. Archer was shot by her, she double-crossed him. O'Shaughnessy pleads that she is in love with Spade. Maybe he does care for her, Spade admits, but "I won't play the sap for you" – for personal as well as professional reasons. If she can get off with a long prison term, he'll wait for her; when the police arrive, he turns her in and the police tell him Wilmer has just shot Gutman dead. Although Hammett himself worked for a time as a private detective for the Pinkerton Detective Agency in San Francisco, Hammett asserted that "Spade has no original, he is a dream man in the sense that he is what most of the private detectives I worked with would like to have been, and, in their cockier moments, thought they approached."Hammett drew upon his years as a detective in creating many of the other characters for The Maltese Falcon, which reworks elements from two of his stories published in Black Mask magazine in 1925, "The Whosis Kid" and "The Gutting of Couffignal".
The novel was serialized in five parts in Black Mask in 1929 and 1930 before being published in book form in 1930 by Alfred A. Knopf; the novel has been filmed four times, twice under its original title: The Maltese Falcon, the first version, a pre-Code production starring Ricardo Cortez as Sam Spade and Bebe Daniels as Brigid O'Shaughnessy. In 1936, Warner Brothers attempted to re-release the film but was denied approval by the Hays Production Code censors because of its "lewd" content, it was not until after 1966 that unedited copies of the 1931 film could be shown in the United States. Satan Met a Lady, a comedic adaptation starring Bette Davis and Warren William, with Sam Spade becomin
Western fiction is a genre of literature set in the American Old West frontier and set from the late eighteenth to the late nineteenth century. Well-known writers of Western fiction include Zane Grey from the early 20th century and Louis L'Amour from the mid 20th century; the genre peaked around the early 1960s due to the popularity of televised Westerns such as Bonanza. Readership has reached a new low in the 2000s. Most bookstores, outside a few west American states, only carry a small number of Western fiction books; the predecessor of the western in American literature emerged early with tales of the frontier. The most famous of the early 19th century frontier novels were James Fenimore Cooper's five novels comprising the Leatherstocking Tales. Cooper's novels were set in what was at the time the American frontier: the Appalachian Mountains and areas west of there; as did his novel The Prairie, most westerns would take place west of the Mississippi River. The Western as a specialized genre got its start in the "penny dreadfuls" and the "dime novels".
Published in June 1860, Malaeska. These cheaply made books were hugely successful and capitalized on the many stories that were being told about the mountain men, outlaws and lawmen who were taming the western frontier. Many of these novels were fictionalized stories based on actual people, such as Billy the Kid, Buffalo Bill, Wyatt Earp, Wild Bill Hickok, Jesse James. By 1900, the new medium of pulp magazines helped to relate these adventures to easterners. Meanwhile, non-American authors, like the German Karl May, picked up the genre, went to full novel length, made it hugely popular and successful in continental Europe from about 1880 on, though they were dismissed as trivial by the literary critics of the day. Popularity grew with the publication of Owen Wister's novel The Virginian and Zane Grey's Riders of the Purple Sage; the first Hopalong Cassidy stories by Clarence Mulford appeared in 1904, both as dime novels and in pulp magazines. When pulp magazines exploded in popularity in the 1920s, Western fiction benefited.
Pulp magazines that specialised in Westerns include Cowboy Stories, Ranch Romances, Star Western and Western Story Magazine. The simultaneous popularity of Western movies in the 1920s helped the genre. In the 1940s several seminal Westerns were published, including The Ox-Bow Incident by Walter van Tilburg Clark, The Big Sky and The Way West by A. B. Guthrie, Jr. and Shane by Jack Schaefer. Many other Western authors gained readership in the 1950s, such as Ray Hogan, Louis L'Amour, Luke Short; the genre peaked around the early 1960s due to the tremendous number of Westerns on television. The burnout of the American public on television Westerns in the late 1960s seemed to have an effect on the literature as well, interest in Western literature began to wane. Western novels and pulps gave birth to Western comics, which were popular from the late 1940s until circa 1967, when the comics began to turn to reprints; this can be seen at Marvel Comics, where Westerns began circa 1948 and thrived until 1967, when one of their flagship titles, Kid Colt Outlaw, ceased to have new stories and entered the reprint phase.
Other notable long-running Marvel Western comics included Rawhide Kid Two-Gun Kid, Marvel Wild Western. DC Comics published the long-running series All-Star Western and Western Comics, Charlton Comics published Billy the Kid and Cheyenne Kid. Magazine Enterprises' Straight Arrow ran from 1950 to 1956, Prize Comics' Prize Comics Western ran from 1948 to 1956. Fawcett Comics published a number of Western titles, including Hopalong Cassidy from 1948 to 1953, they published comics starring actors known for their Western roles, including Tom Mix Western and Gabby Hayes Western. Dell Comics published Roy Rogers comics from 1948 to 1961, Magazine Enterprises published Charles Starrett as the Durango Kid from 1949 to 1955; the popular Western comic strip Red Ryder was syndicated in hundreds of American newspapers from 1938 to 1964. In the 1970s, the work of Louis L'Amour began to catch hold of most western readers and he has tended to dominate the western reader lists since. George G. Gilman maintained a cult following for several years in the 1970s and 1980s.
Larry McMurtry's and Cormac McCarthy's works remain notable. McMurtry's Lonesome Dove and McCarthy's Blood Meridian are recognized as major masterpieces both within and beyond the genre. Elmer Kelton noted for his novels The Good Old Boys and The Time it Never Rained, was voted by the Western Writers of America as the "Best Western Writer of All Time". Early in the 1970s Indiana novelist Marilyn Durham wrote two popular Western novels, The Man Who Loved Cat Dancing and Dutch Uncle. Western readership as a whole began to drop off in the mid- to late 1970s. A partial exception was an innovation, the so-called "adult western"; as one practitioner puts it, "What's an Adult Western? It's a western novel with sex in it. That's right, the cowboy has sex with women. A new idea? Not, but heretofore this had not been seen in western novels. What these books showed was that men and women did have sex in the old west. (Back wh
Sara Paretsky is an American author of detective fiction, best known for her novels focused on the female protagonist V. I. Warshawski. Paretsky was born in Iowa, her father was a microbiologist and moved the family to Kansas in 1951 after taking a job at the University of Kansas, where Paretsky graduated. Being Jewish, the family was limited in where they could live due to segregated zoning laws at the time, they ended up renting an old farm house, her relationship with her parents was strained. After obtaining a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of Kansas, she did community service work on the south side of Chicago in 1966 and returned in 1968 to work there, she completed a Ph. D. in history at the University of Chicago. She earned an MBA from the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, her husband, Courtenay Wright, was a professor of physics at the University of Chicago. She is an alumna of the Ragdale Foundation, she was to appear in an amateur light opera production in 2011.
The protagonist of all but two of Paretsky's novels is V. I. Warshawski, a female private investigator, she created her as a female response to male hard-boiled detectives such as Raymond Chandler's Philip Marlowe. In 1991 the film V. I. Warshawski was released starring Kathleen Turner; the lead character came from Paretsky, although the film is based on the novel Deadlock, several changes were made from the book. Paretsky is credited with transforming the image of women in the crime novel; the Winter 2007 issue of Clues: A Journal of Detection is devoted to her work. She is considered the founding mother of Sisters in Crime, an organization that supports and promotes women in the mystery field. Indemnity Only ISBN 0385272138 Deadlock ISBN 0385279337 Killing Orders ISBN 068804820X Bitter Medicine ISBN 0688064485 Blood Shot ISBN 0440500354 Burn Marks ISBN 0385298927 Guardian Angel ISBN 0385299311 Tunnel Vision ISBN 038529932X Ghost Country ISBN 978-0-385-33336-8 Hard Time ISBN 0-385-31363-2 Total Recall ISBN 0-385-31366-7 Blacklist ISBN 0-399-15085-4 Fire Sale ISBN 978-0-7394-5594-4 Bleeding Kansas ISBN 978-0-399-15405-8 Hardball ISBN 978-1-101-13382-8 Body Work ISBN 978-0-399-15674-8 Breakdown ISBN 978-1-101-55407-4 Critical Mass ISBN 978-1-101-63650-3 Brush Back ISBN 978-0-399-16057-8 Fallout ISBN 978-1473624337 Shell Game: A V.
I. Warshawski Novel, William Morrow, 2018, Windy City Blues, Delacorte ISBN 0385315023 A Taste of Life and Other Stories, Penguin. ISBN 0146000404 Photo Finish ISBN 978-1-101-53751-0 V. I. X 2 includes short stories'Photo Finish' &'Publicity Stunts' V. I. X 3 includes both stories from V. I. X 2 and'A Family Sunday in the Park' ISBN 9781257416448 Case Studies in Alternative Education. Chicago Center for New Schools, 1975. Writing in an Age of Silence ISBN 978-1-84467-122-9 Words and Ways of Knowing: The Breakdown of Moral Philosophy in New England Before the Civil War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. Eye of a Woman. New York, Delacorte Press, 1990. 2004 Gold Dagger Award for Blacklist by the Crime Writers' Association. 2011 Anthony award Lifetime Achievement award winner 2011 Grand Master by the Mystery Writers of America Official website Roger Nichols of Modern Signed Books interviews Sara Paretsky
Cornell George Hopley-Woolrich was an American novelist and short story writer who wrote using the name Cornell Woolrich, sometimes the pseudonyms William Irish and George Hopley. His biographer, Francis Nevins Jr. rated Woolrich the fourth best crime writer of his day, behind Dashiell Hammett, Erle Stanley Gardner and Raymond Chandler. A check of film titles reveals that more film noir screenplays were adapted from works by Woolrich than any other crime novelist, many of his stories were adapted during the 1940s for Suspense and other dramatic radio programs. Woolrich was born in New York City, he lived for a time in Mexico with his father before returning to New York to live with his mother, Claire Attalie Woolrich. He attended Columbia University but left in 1926 without graduating when his first novel, Cover Charge, was published; as Eddie Duggan observes, "Woolrich enrolled at New York's Columbia University in 1921 where he spent a undistinguished year until he was taken ill and was laid up for some weeks.
It was during this illness that Woolrich started writing, producing Cover Charge, published in 1926." Cover Charge was one of his Jazz Age novels inspired by the work of F. Scott Fitzgerald. A second short story, Children of the Ritz, won Woolrich the first prize of $10,000 the following year in a competition organised by College Humor and First National Pictures. While in Hollywood, Woolrich explored his sexuality engaging in what Frances M. Nevins Jr. describes as "promiscuous and clandestine homosexual activity" and by marrying Violet Virginia Blackton, the 21-year-old daughter of J. Stuart Blackton one of the founders of the Vitagraph studio. Failing in both his attempt at marriage and at establishing a career as a screenwriter, Woolrich sought to resume his life as a novelist: Although Woolrich had published six'jazz-age' novels, concerned with the party-antics and romances of the beautiful young things on the fringes of American society, between 1926 and 1932, he was unable to establish himself as a serious writer.
Because the'jazz-age' novel was dead in the water by the 1930s when the depression had begun to take hold, Woolrich was unable to find a publisher for his seventh novel, I Love You, Paris, so he threw away the typescript, dumped it in a dustbin, re-invented himself as a pulp writer. When he turned to pulp and detective fiction, Woolrich's output was so prolific his work was published under one of his many pseudonyms. For example, "William Irish" was the byline in Dime Detective Magazine on his 1942 story "It Had to Be Murder", source of the 1954 Alfred Hitchcock movie Rear Window and itself based on H. G. Wells' short story "Through a Window". François Truffaut filmed Woolrich's The Bride Wore Black and Waltz into Darkness in 1968 and 1969 the latter as Mississippi Mermaid. Ownership of the copyright in Woolrich's original story "It Had to Be Murder" and its use for Rear Window was litigated before the US Supreme Court in Stewart v. Abend, 495 U. S. 207. He returned to New York where his mother moved into the Hotel Marseilles.
Eddie Duggan observes that "lthough his writing made him wealthy and his mother lived in a series of seedy hotel rooms, including the squalid Hotel Marseilles apartment building in Harlem, among a group of thieves and lowlifes that would not be out of place in Woolrich's dark fictional world". Woolrich lived there until his mother's death on October 6, 1957, which prompted his move to the Hotel Franconia. In years, he socialized on occasion in Manhattan bars with Mystery Writers of America colleagues and younger fans such as writer Ron Goulart, but alcoholism and an amputated leg left him a recluse; as Duggan writes: Woolrich's mother died in 1957, he into a sharp physical and mental decline. Although he moved from Harlem's decrepit Hotel Marseilles to a more upmarket residence in the Hotel Franconia near Central Park, to the Sheraton-Russell on Park Avenue, Woolrich was a virtual recluse. Now in his 60s, with his eyesight failing, psychologically wracked by guilt over his homosexuality, tortured by his alcoholism, self-doubt, a diabetic to boot, Woolrich neglected himself to such a degree that he allowed a foot infection to become gangrenous which resulted, early in 1968, in the amputation of a leg.
After the amputation, a conversion to Catholicism, Woolrich returned to the Sheraton-Russell, confined to a wheelchair. Some of the staff there would take Woolrich down to the lobby so he could look out on the passing traffic, thus making the wizened, wheelchair-bound Woolrich into a kind of darker, self-loathing version of the character played by James Stewart in Hitchcock's Rear Window. With the type of closure, only encountered as a literary device, the Woolrich story turns full-circle around the Oedipally charged foot motif, the writing career that began with a period of confinement attributed to a foot infection ends with an amputation, the deep Freudian resonance that amputation induces. Woolrich did not attend the premiere of Truffaut's film of his novel The Bride Wore Black in 1968 though it was held in New York City, he died weighing 89 pounds. He is interred in the Ferncliff Cemetery in New York. Woolrich bequeathed his estate of about $
The Smart Set
The Smart Set was an American literary magazine, founded by Colonel William d'Alton Mann and published from March 1900 to June 1930. During its heyday under the editorship of H. L. Mencken and George Jean Nathan, The Smart Set offered many up-and-coming authors their start and gave them access to a large audience, its headquarters was in New York City. In creating The Smart Set, Mann sought to offer a cultural counterpart to his Town Topics, a preceding gossip magazine which he used for political and social gain among New York City's elite, which would include works "by, for and about'The Four Hundred'”. With The Smart Set, Mann wanted to provide sophisticated content that would reinforce the social values of New York’s social elite, he gave it the subtitle "The Magazine of Cleverness." He published the first issue of The Smart Set on March 10, 1900, under the editorship of Arthur Grissom, who worked at Town Topics. As editor, Grissom created the formula of the magazine that would remain intact throughout the greater part of its existence: 160 pages containing a novelette, a short play, several poems, witticisms to fill blank spaces.
Grissom died of typhoid fever a year and Marvin Dana took over as editor, in the first of a series of managerial turnovers that would define the evolution of magazine until its termination. Dana remained as editor until 1904, his replacement, Charles Hanson Towne, was the magazine’s first editor to push to publish new literary talents, such as O. Henry and James Branch Cabell. Under Towne’s editorship, the magazine reached its peak circulation of 165,000 in 1905. However, as a result of allegations of blackmail associated with Mann’s Town Topics in 1906, The Smart Set’s popularity began to decline, it lost around 25,000 readers. Dissatisfied with the magazine’s direction, Towne resigned his position as editor in 1908 to work with Theodore Dreiser on The Delineator. After Towne’s departure, Colonel Mann stepped up as editor alongside Fred Splint, the two set out to revitalize the magazine in order to rebuild its readership; as part of this revitalization, Mann started a monthly book review column, Splint hired the Baltimore newspaperman Henry Louis Mencken to fill the position.
Soon after, in 1909, George Jean Nathan became the magazine’s drama columnist. Mencken and Nathan ensured the magazine’s place in literary history. With The Smart Set in perpetual decline, Mann sold the magazine in 1911 to John Adams Thayer for $100,000. Thayer, a self-made millionaire who had pulled Everybody’s Magazine out of a slump and earned himself a significant fortune from its sale, hoped ownership of The Smart Set would allow him entrance into the social ranks of New York’s high society. However, the magazine’s ruined reputation made this difficult and his purchase left him in charge of a sinking ship. After Mencken and Nathan both declined the offer of editorship, Thayer assumed the position of editor-in-chief and appointed the magazine’s Associate Editor, Norman Boyer, as Managing Editor. An expert in advertising, Thayer added a slogan to the magazine's subtitle, stating that "Its Prime Purpose is to Provide Lively Entertainment for Minds That Are Not Primitive." The new slogan was unsuccessful in restoring the magazine’s reputation and popularity, but in 1912 a younger, more rebellious audience began reading The Smart Set for that reason.
To accommodate this new demographic, Thayer, at the recommendation of Mencken, handed over the editorship to Willard Huntington Wright in 1913. Although only lasting a year, Wright's tenure marked a period of artistic prosperity for The Smart Set. Thayer, undoubtedly regretting the decision appointed Wright as editor with complete control of the magazine’s content and direction. Wright taking advantage of this position, began collecting manuscripts from new artists and hired Ezra Pound as an overseas talent scout. With an appreciation for new and unconventional literary styles, Wright steered the magazine into publishing more experimental and avant-garde literary works by authors such as D. H. Lawrence, Joseph Conrad, William Butler Yeats, Ford Madox Ford. Predictably, Wright’s editorial decision caused a drastic reduction in readership and angered the magazine’s advertisers, who began withdrawing financial backing. Additionally, Wright was using The Smart Set’s checkbook to overpay authors for their work and was attempting to secretly fund a prototype of a more radical publication with Mencken.
As a result, Thayer fired Wright in 1914 and announced an end to the magazine’s avant-garde content and a return to more traditional material. By the end of Wright’s editorship, the magazine was in economic disrepair, Thayer handed over ownership to Colonel Eugene Crowe in return for forgiveness of debts. Having little interest in running a magazine, Crowe gave control of The Smart Set to Eltinge Warner, who appointed Mencken and Nathan as co-editors with total artistic control. While Warner remained in control of the magazine’s accounts and Nathan focused on literary content. In a series of measures to economize and Nathan relocated the magazine's office to a smaller location and reduced the staff, retaining only themselves and a secretary, Sara Golde. Additionally, Warner reprinted previous issues of The Smart Set under the title Clever Stories. In their most successful effort to boost revenue and Nathan began the pulp magazine The Parisienne in 1915 as a place to publish a surplus of manuscripts they deemed inferior for The Smart Set.
The Parisienne generated significant profits, which they used to offset the production costs of The Smart Set. The co-editors sold The P