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Pass (ice hockey)

In ice hockey, a pass is the movement of the puck from one player to another by a motion of the stick. A pass differs from a shot, in that a pass is weaker than a shot and is not directed at the opponent's net with the intention of scoring a goal; the function of passing in ice hockey during gameplay resembles the role of passing in other goal sports such as soccer and lacrosse. Passing is one of the most fundamental skills in hockey. An effective pass is described as being "stick to stick" or "tape to tape", referring to the tape on the blade of a hockey stick. Effective passing requires good vision and timing. A player, an effective passer will record many assists, which are awarded to the second and third to last player to touch the puck before a goal; the National Hockey League record for most career assists is 1,963 by Wayne Gretzky, considered one of the best passers of all time. Different types of passes are employed in different situations or using different techniques: Backhand pass using the back side of the blade of the stick.

Centering pass to the put the puck into the centre of the ice. This is the most dangerous pass in hockey both because it provides the best opportunity to score and because if the intended receiver misses it, there is a strong likelihood that the puck will come to an opponent with few obstacles to the net. Clear-out or clearing pass a pass out of a team's defensive zone, its primary purpose is defensive, to prevent the opposition from getting the puck for the opportunity to score. Cross-ice pass a pass. Drop pass. If executed properly, the puck stops moving and the pass's receiver catches up to it. Hand pass a pass made with the hand, it is legal when recipient are inside the defending zone, otherwise illegal. An illegal hand pass results in a stoppage of play and a faceoff at the position where the puck was passed from. Headmaning the puck a long pass that allows one's team to move out of their defensive zone and start a rush. An long and well executed one that results in a breakaway is called a breakaway pass.

No-look pass made. Offside pass a pass to a player, offside; this can mean a pass that crosses two lines marked on the ice for such purposes. Depending on the era and league, the centre red line may not count as such a line. Or, it can refer to a pass to a player; this type of pass is always offside no matter. Saucer pass an airborne pass from one player to another, it is called a saucer pass. Slap pass a hard shot aimed at a teammate's stick, it is a shot, intentionally aimed away from the net to an open teammate's stick. Suicide pass a pass that forces the receiver to look down or away from the play in order to find the puck, leaving him vulnerable to a powerful body check. Tic-tac-toe a play that involves two quick passes and a shot and results in a goal

Ashalata Wabgaonkar

Ashalata Wabgaonkar known as Ashalata, is an Indian actress. From Goa, she was associated with the Goa Hindu Association, she first started performing in Marathi plays. She has acted in more than 100 Marathi movies; some of her Marathi plays are Guntata Hridhya He, Varyavarchi Varaat and Mahananda. Her Marathi stage career took off with the musical play Matsyagandha, she was introduced in Hindi films by Basu Chatterjee in Apne Paraye for which she was nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. She starred in films such as Ankush, Apne Paraye, Ahista Ahista, Woh Saat Din, Namak Halaal and Yaadon Ki Kasam, she is a fine Marathi Natyasangeet singer. Some of her Marathi films are Umbartha, Navri Mile Navryala and Vahinichi Maya. “Gard Sabhowati”, a book authored by Ashalata Wabgaonkar and published by Lotus Publications, India depicts the memories and journey of the author in the film industry Sunrise Ada... A way of life as Tai Vighnharta Shri Siddhivinayak Police Force: An Inside Story as Revathi Beti No.1 as Savitri Do Ankhen Barah Hath Daava as Bhishma's mom.

C. Mathur Rajlakshmi as Radha, Rajlakshmi's mom Sutradhar as Bela, the courtesan Watan Ke Rakhwale as Mahavir's mom Woh Din Aayega as Sumitra, Kapil's mother Insaf Ki Pukar as Mrs. Jagannath Avam as Saraswati Ankush as Anita's mom Dahleez Pahunchey Huue Log Ghar Dwaar as Chanda's mother Karamyudh as Geeta Kumar Wafadaar as Mrs Daya Sagar Baadal as Baadal's Mother Yaadon Ki Kasam as Gayatri Kaporr Baadal as Baadal's Mother Rahi Badal Gaye Tawaif as Kaynat's Mother Sarfarosh as Rani Urmial Devi Zamana as Sudha S Kumar Sapnon Ki Chhayon Mein Vahinichi Maya as Mrs. Deshmukh Purana Mandir as Damyanti - Ranvir's sister All Rounder as Ritu's mom Raaj Tilak Sharaabi as Mrs. Kapoor Yeh Ishq Nahin Aasaan as Mrs. Ahmed Salim Jagir as Shankar's foster mother Bhavna as Mrs. Ram Kishen Aaj Ki Awaaz as Mrs. V. V. Deshmukh Asha Jyoti as Mrs. Chander Chandane Shimpit Ja Woh Saat Din as Maya's mother Gupchup Gupchup Hum Se Hai Zamana Pasand Apni Apni as Mrs. Gokuldas Popatlal Sadma as Mrs. Malhotra Coolie as Parvati Love in Goa as Mrs. Merry D'Souza Prem Tapasya as Mrs. Pratibha Kumar Verma Mangal Pandey as Mrs. R.

P. Gupta Shubh Kaamna as Sujata's mom Namak Halaal as Nisha's mother Umbartha as Maya M. Mahajan Yeh To Kamaal Ho Gaya as Mrs. Laxmi Saxena Nikaah as Mrs. Siddiqui - Afaque's mom Teri Maang Sitaron Se Bhar Doon as Sepu Dil-e-Nadaan Shaukeen as Sita Choudhury Ahista Ahista as Kaveri Pyaasa Sawan as Parvati Apne Paraye as Sidheshwari Sandhya Raag Chalte Chalte Udhar Ka Sindur Zanjeer as Police Inspector's wife - Vijay's stepmother Ashalata Wabgaonkar on IMDb

History of Dublin to 795

Dublin is Ireland's oldest settlement. It is the largest and most populous urban centre in the country, a position it has held continuously since first rising to prominence in the 10th century; the historic town grew up on the southern bank of the River Liffey, a few kilometres upstream from the river's outfall into Dublin Bay. The original settlement was situated on a ridge overlooking a shallow ford in the river, a regular crossing-point since earliest times; the bedrock underlying the city is calp limestone, a dark shaly sedimentary rock, once quarried locally and whose mottled grey appearance can still be seen today in some of the city's oldest buildings. Overlying this is a layer of much looser boulder clay of varying thickness, it is no accident. It is located on the island's only significant coastal plain, which not only forms a natural gateway to the rest of the country but looks out towards the country's closest and most influential neighbour, Great Britain. Furthermore, Dublin Bay provided early settlers with a substantial and defended harbour, protected to some extent by treacherous sandbanks and mudflats, overlooked by the twin sentinels of Howth Head and Killiney Hill.

The first known inhabitants of the Dublin region were hunter-gatherers living during the Later Mesolithic, or Middle Stone Age, around 5500 BC. Shell middens, fish traps and occupation debris, which have been found at a number of locations on and around the shores of Dublin Bay, at the Diageo site at Victoria Quay and at Spencer Dock, situated along the northern quays, near the mouth of the River Liffey, indicate that these early settlers lived off the sea; the first farmers appeared in the Neolithic, or New Stone Age, shortly after 4000 BC. These were the first to erect megalithic monuments and evidence of their culture survives in the burial cairns, passage tombs, portal tombs and wedge tombs that can still be seen in the Dublin Mountains and on the coastal lowlands just to the south of the modern city. Stone axes made of porcellanite from County Antrim or porphyry from Lambay Island have been discovered at a number of sites in the Dublin region. Pottery too was first manufactured in Ireland during the Neolithic, one of the most noteworthy finds being a funerary bowl, found in a burial site at Drimnagh, County Dublin.

Around 2400 BC metal working made its first appearance in Ireland. Archaeological excavations in Suffolk Street have uncovered prehistoric copper axe-heads – the copper axe being the principal metal artifact during the earliest phase of Irish metallurgy; the Bronze Age, which in Ireland is dated from 2200–600 BC left its mark on the Dublin region. A variety of bronze and gold artifacts which have been discovered in the vicinity of the modern city – among them cauldrons, side-blown horns, lock rings, sleeve fasteners, striated rings, hair rings and penannular bracelets – indicate a continuous or intermittent settlement of the area. In Ireland the commencement of the Iron Age around 600 BC is believed to coincide with the first appearance in this country of Celtic-speaking peoples. There is little archaeological evidence to support the theory of a large-scale Celtic invasion, but it is quite possible that small groups of migrants skilled in the art of war and armed with superior iron weaponry, were powerful enough to gain a foothold in the island and succeeded in subjugating or absorbing the pre-Celtic natives.

Iron ores are distributed throughout Ireland – one of the country's two richest deposits is to be found in County Wicklow, just a few days' walk from the Dublin region – but there is little archaeological evidence for an urban settlement on the site of the modern city during the Early Iron Age. Excavations at various locations in the region, however, do indicate intermittent occupation at scattered locations throughout this period. Once associated with the Iron Age is the ringfort, or ráth, a defensive formation consisting of one or more circular earthen embankments surrounded by a ditch; the existence of ringforts in the Dublin region may be deduced from the names of several of the modern city's suburbs: Rathmines, Rathgar and Raheny. There is the village of Rathcoole, which lies to the southwest of the modern city. Needless to say the growth of the modern city has all but obliterated these structures, but excavation of ringforts in other parts of the country has sometimes revealed traces of earlier, pre-ringfort occupation of the same sites.

In the Dublin hinterland, surviving ringforts are too numerous to mention individually, though a univallate ringfort at Rathmichael may be noted. The lowlying area to the northwest of the city is rich in ringforts, it is now thought, that most of Ireland's ringforts date from the Christian era. Although the site of the modern city of Dublin has been occupied intermittently since the Mesolithic era, it is not known when the first permanent settlement was established. Ptolemy's description of Ireland, compiled around 140 AD but which may draw on

River regime

River regime can describe one of two characteristics of a reach of an alluvial river: The variability in its discharge throughout the course of a year in response to precipitation, evapotranspiration and drainage basin characteristics A series of characteristic power-law relationships between discharge and width and slopeThe latter is described by the fact that the discharge through a river of an approximate rectangular cross-section must, through conservation of mass, equal Q = u ¯ b h where Q is the volumetric discharge, u ¯ is the mean flow velocity, b is the channel width and h is the channel depth. Because of this relationship, as discharge increases, width, and/or mean velocity must increase as well. Empirically-derived relationships between depth and velocity are: b ∝ Q 0.5 h ∝ Q 0.4 u ∝ Q 0.1 Q refers to a "dominant discharge" or "channel-forming discharge", the 1–2 year flood, though there is a large amount of scatter around this mean. This is the event that causes significant erosion and deposition and determines the channel morphology.

The variability in discharge over the course of a year is represented by a hydrograph with mean monthly discharge variations plotted over the annual time scale. When interpreting such records of discharge, it is important to factor in the time scale over which the average monthly values were calculated, it is difficult to establish a typical annual river regime for rivers with high interannual variability in monthly discharge and/or significant changes in the catchment's characteristics. There are three basic types of regimes: simple regime - one maximum and one minimum per year mixed regime/double regime - two maximums and two minimums per year complex mode - several extrema Simple regimes can be nival, pluvial or glacial, depending on the origin of the water. Simple regime is where all rivers have one peak discharge per year Glacial regime The glacial regime is characterised by: Very high discharge in summer after the ice melt Very low discharge from the end of autumn to early spring Amplitude of monthly variation of discharge greater than 25 Very high daily variability in discharge during the year High flow It is found at high altitudes, above 2,500 metres.

Example: Rhône at Brigue. NivalThe nival regime is similar to the glacial, but attenuated and the maximum takes place earlier, in June, it can be mountain or plain nival. The characteristics of the plain nival are: Short and violent flood in April–May following massive spring thawing ofwinter snows Great daily variability Very great variability over the course of the year Great inter-annual variability Significant flowPluvial The pluvial regime is characterized by: high water in winter and spring low discharge in summer great inter-annual variability flow is rather weakIt is typical of rivers at low to moderate altitude. Example: Seine. Tropical pluvialThe tropical pluvial regime is characterized by: low discharge in the cold season and abundant rainfall in the warm season minimum can reach low values great variability of discharge during the year Relatively regular from one year to another Nivo-glacialonly one true maximum, which occurs in the late spring or the early summer high diurnal variations during the hot season significant yearly variation, but less than in the snow regime significant flowNivo-pluvialtwo maximums, the first occurring in the spring and the other in autumn a main low-water in October and a secondary low-water in January significant inter-annual variationsExample: Issole Pluvio-nivala period of rainfall in late autumn due to abundant rainfall, followed by a light increase due to snow melt in early spring the single minimum occurs in autumn low amplitudeExample: Mississippi.

The complex regime is characteristic of large rivers, the flow of, diversely influenced by numerous tributaries from different altitudes, climates etc. The influences diminish extreme discharges and increase the regularity of the mean monthly discharge from upstream to downstream

Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent

Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent, English administrator and magnate, was the son of Sir John Grey, KG and Constance Holland. His main residence was at Wrest near Bedfordshire. Through Constance Holland, he was great-grandson of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, the third son of King Edward III of England, by his first wife, thus grand-nephew of King Henry IV of England and Philippa of Lancaster. Grey succeeded his grandfather Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn in 1440, he married Lady Katherine Percy, a great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt by his third wife, Katherine Swynford, a descendant of King Edward III of England through his second son, Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence. Edmund Grey was knighted following service in Aquitaine in October 1440, he attended the royal council between 1456 and 1458. Active militarily in the Wars of the Roses, he played a decisive role in the Battle of Northampton by switching his allegiance from the Lancastrian to the Yorkist cause. For this action he was rewarded by Edward IV with a grant of the manor of Ampthill, ownership of which had come into dispute between Grey, Ralph Lord Cromwell and Henry Holland Duke of Exeter.

Edmund Grey's appointment as treasurer of England was enacted at Westminster on 24 June 1463 but Walter Blount succeeded him in November 1464. Edmund held other high offices under Edward IV and Richard III, he was created Earl of Kent on 30 May 1465, shortly after the marriage of his eldest son, Anthony, to the king's sister-in-law, Joan Woodville He was appointed chief justice of the county of Meryonnyth, North Wales and constable of Harlech. After the death of their first son, the second, became his heir and George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent, his children by Katherine Percy included: Anthony Grey, married Eleanor Woodville sister of Elizabeth Woodville. There were no children George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent, married Anne Woodville Katherine Herbert, daughter of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke Elizabeth Grey, married Sir Robert Greystoke Anne Grey, married John Grey, 8th Baron Grey of Wilton "Grey, Edmund". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900