Mallows Bay is a small bay on the Maryland side of the Potomac River in Charles County, Maryland. The bay is the location of what is regarded as the largest shipwreck fleet in the Western Hemisphere and is described as a ship graveyard, Charles County operates Mallows Bay Park. This small park contains the graves of more than 230 United States Shipping Board Merchant Fleet Corporation ships sunk in the river, almost ninety were poorly constructed steamships built during World War I, in 1925 they were burned and scuttled in the bay. Bethlehem Steel built a salvage basin during World War II to recover metal from the abandoned ships, the ships form a reef that hosts an array of wildlife. A0. 8-mile trail loops around Mallows Bay Park and the salvage basin, in 2010, a boat ramp and pier for recreational use was constructed to provide access to the Potomac River at Mallows Bay. It is popular to canoe or kayak among the ship ruins, the Ghost Fleet of Mallows Bay is a reference to the hundreds of ships whose remains still rest in the relatively shallow waters of Mallows Bay.
Mallows Bay contains the largest collection of wrecks in the Western Hemisphere, more than 100 of the vessels are wooden steamships, part of a fleet built to cross the Atlantic during World War I. However, most of these ships were obsolete upon completion after the end of the war, the most distinct ship seen at Mallows Bay is the S. S. Accomac. The ships were stored in the James River until they were sold to the Western Marine & Salvage Company, the company moved the ships to the Potomac River at Widewater, Virginia and in 1925, they were towed to Mallows Bay. Western Marine went bankrupt and the ships remained where they lay, the bay was listed as an archaeological and historic district on the National Register of Historic Places in 2015. National Register of Historic Places listings in Charles County, Maryland Shomette, Ghost Fleet of Mallows Bay and Other Tales of the Lost Chesapeake. NOAA Nautical Chart 12288 - Potomac River Mallows Bay, what We Know About the Ghost Fleet of Mallows Bay
The Patuxent River is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay in the state of Maryland. The 937-square-mile Patuxent watershed had a growing population of 590,769 in 2000. It is the largest and longest river entirely within Maryland, the fifty-two mile-long tidal estuary is never wider than 2.3 miles. It marks the boundary between Montgomery, Prince Georges, Charles and St. Marys counties on the west and Howard, Anne Arundel, the Chesapeake estuarys deepest point,130 feet below sea level, is in the lower Patuxent. The Little Patuxent River, the Middle Patuxent River, and the Western Branch are the three largest tributaries, the Middle Patuxent flows into the Little Patuxent just upstream from the historic Savage Mill in Savage. The Little Patuxent joins the Patuxent just southwest of Crofton, the Middle Patuxent flows 24 miles through the middle of Howard County, while the Little Patuxent flows 38 miles through northeast and southeast Howard County and western Anne Arundel County. Native Americans have lived along the Patuxent River since at least 6500 BC, an archaeological dig at Pig Point uncovered the oldest known artifacts in the Mid Atlantic states, including pottery and spear points and remnants of wigwams and foodways.
The site was probably a center of trade in the region and has one of the best unbroken archaeological records on the East Coast, the Pig Point site includes the oldest structures ever found in Maryland, wigwam post holes dating to the 3rd century. The Patuxent River was first named on the map resulting from the 1608 voyage upriver by Jamestown. This was most likely the second visit by Europeans to the Patuxent, in 1699, Thomas Browne, a Patuxent Ranger, followed the river from the Snowden plantation to where Clarksville is sited. By the 1730s, the Snowden iron ore furnace just southeast of Laurel, was shipping pig iron downriver from the current vicinity of the 1783 Montpelier Mansion, part of Patuxent River Park. In August 1814, Commodore Joshua Barney and his Chesapeake Bay Flotilla were trapped in the Patuxent by the British fleet under Admiral Sir George Cockburn. To keep them from British hands, Barneys men ignited the magazines of his ships in the four mile stretch above Pig Point when the British approached, the British launched their attack on Washington, D. C.
from their warships in the Patuxent at Benedict. 22 miles From there, the troops marched through, Upper Marlboro, tobacco farming dominated the Patuxents economy for the two centuries following settlement, with about sixty percent of Marylands tobacco coming from the Patuxent valley by the late 18th century. The Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission constructed two dams on the branch in the mid-20th century. The state of Maryland classifies the T. Howard Duckett Dam as high hazard because large releases of water areas of North Laurel. The Middle and Little Patuxent watersheds include nearly all of Columbia, including its downtown urban Lake Kittamaqundi, Columbia is a large planned community in Howard County that opened in 1967. This in turn led to a complete destruction of a once thriving seafood industry along the brackish portion of the river
The Casselman River is a 56. 5-mile-long tributary of the Youghiogheny River in western Maryland and Pennsylvania in the United States. The two branches flow northward combining just southwest of Grantsville, the river has been used for transportation across the Allegheny Mountains, between the cities of Baltimore and Washington, D. C. in the east and Pittsburgh in the west. Two railroads followed the Casselman River from Meyersdale, Pennsylvania to Confluence, first is the B&O Railroad, running between Baltimore and Pittsburgh, which was completed in 1827, and is currently owned by CSX. Second is the Western Maryland Railway, which ran from Cumberland, Maryland to Connellsville, although the Western Maryland was abandoned in the 1980s, the right-of-way has been converted into the Great Allegheny Passage, a rail trail bicycle and hiking path. List of rivers of Maryland List of rivers of Pennsylvania Kayaker View of River U. S. Geological Survey, PA stream gaging stations
Severn River (Maryland)
The Severn River is a tidal estuary 14 miles long in Anne Arundel County in the U. S. state of Maryland, south of the Magothy River and north of the South River. The Severn has an area of 81 square miles, or 69 square miles of land. Thus, its watershed area is 15% water. Its source is the beginning of the non-tidal nine-mile long Severn Run in northwestern Anne Arundel County in Severn, the river enters the Chesapeake Bay near the major port city of Annapolis, the capital of Maryland. Several tributary creeks drain highly developed areas, including Weems Creek and its nontidal portion Cowhide Branch, which drain most of the Annapolis Mall, the Severn River is crossed by two bridges. One, known as the Severn River Bridge or Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge, the other carries MD450, and is now officially named the US Naval Academy Bridge because its south end traverses the academy. The latter bridge was built as a drawbridge in the late 1920s, a former railroad trestle between the two current bridges, built in about 1887 for the Annapolis and Baltimore Short Line Railroad, was removed post-1968 when it was declared unsafe.
If a tributary has sub-tributaries below, they are listed after the & and it faded away after the 1680s when Annapolis came into favor and, in 1694, became Marylands capital. NOAA Chart of Severn River Severn River history from Anne Arundel County web site A. T. Davison, gems of the Severn Available from Scenic Rivers Land Trust, http, //www. srlt
Sinepuxent Bay is an inland waterway which connects Chincoteague Bay to Isle of Wight Bay, and is connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Ocean City Inlet. It separates Sinepuxent Neck, in Worcester County, Maryland from Assateague Island, islands in the Sinepuxent Bay include Horn Island and Skimmer Island. It is crossed by the Harry W. Kelley Memorial Bridge on U. S. Route 50, the bay is the location of the islands that compose the Sinepuxent Bay Wildlife Management Area. Sinepuxent was a community on the mainland about a half mile north of the Verrazano Bridge. The current inlet, known as Ocean City Inlet, was cut by the great 1933 Chesapeake–Potomac hurricane, the new inlet was stabilized by rock jetties constructed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, with work commencing in October 1933
The Miles River is a 12. 9-mile-long tidal river in Talbot County, in the U. S. state of Maryland. It is a tributary of the Eastern Bay and is part of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Miles River was originally called the St. Miles River, it derives its name from Saint Michael and its watershed area is 54 square miles, of which 12 square miles is open water, so it is 22% water. The predominant land use is agricultural with 22 square miles, or 52% of the land area, Chesapeake Bay Program Watershed Profile, Miles River
The Anacostia River /ænəˈkɒstiə/ is a river in the Mid Atlantic region of the United States. It flows from Prince Georges County in Maryland into Washington, D. C. where it joins with the Washington Channel to empty into the Potomac River at Buzzard Point and it is approximately 8.7 miles long. The name Anacostia derives from the early history as Nacotchtank. Heavy pollution in the Anacostia and weak investment and development along its banks have led to it becoming what many have called D. C. s forgotten river, in recent years, private organizations, local businesses, and the D. C. Maryland and federal governments have made joint efforts to reduce its pollution levels in order to protect the ecologically valuable Anacostia watershed, the mainstem of the Anacostia is formed by the confluence of the Northwest Branch and the Northeast Branch just north of Bladensburg, Maryland. Tributaries of these sources include Sligo Creek, Paint Branch, Little Paint Branch, Indian Creek, Upper Beaverdam Creek, Dueling Branch, tributaries of the mainstem Anacostia include Watts Branch, Lower Beaverdam Creek and Hickory Run.
The watershed of the river roughly covers 176 sq mi in eastern Montgomery County and northern Prince Georges County, as well as parts of Washington, on earlier maps, the river was known as the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River until it received its current, official name. The Washington City Canal operated from 1815 until the mid-1850s, initially connecting the Anacostia to Tiber Creek and the Potomac River, the city canal fell into disuse in the late 19th century, and the city government covered over or filled in various sections. One of the biggest problems facing the Anacostia River is raw sewage that enters the river, the sewage creates a public health threat because of fecal coliform bacteria and other pathogens, it impairs water quality and can create hypoxic conditions that lead to large fish kills. The Anacostia Watershed Society sued the Washington, D. C, water and Sewer Authority in 1999 for allowing more than 2,000,000,000 US gallons of combined sewage and urban runoff to flow into the river via its antiquated combined sewer overflow system.
In settling the lawsuit, WASA agreed to invest $140 million on pump station rehabilitation, pipe cleaning and maintenance, the governments of Montgomery County and Prince Georges County operate stormwater management programs in their respective jurisdictions. In late 2004, AWS and other organizations announced plans to sue the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission over similar problems with contamination from the Maryland suburbs. According to WSSC, more than 4,000,000 US gallons of raw sewage were released into Anacostia tributaries between January 2001 and June 2004. Another large source of pollution is the Washington Navy Yard. In May 2009, a Bandalong Litter Trap floating litter-control system was placed in the Watts Branch tributary of the Anacostia River as part of Mayor Adrian Fentys Green DC Agenda. In its first year of operation, it removed more than 500 pounds of litter per month from the river. The Bladensburg Waterfront Park, part of the Prince Georges County Department of Parks and Recreation, the Port Towns Community Boathouse at the park is home to the rowing crews of the University of Maryland, The Catholic University of America, and several local high schools.
11th Street Bridges Anacostia Frederick Douglass Memorial Bridge John Philip Sousa Bridge List of rivers of Washington, D. C
It is the largest estuary in North America. With its northern portion in Maryland and the part in Virginia. More than 150 major rivers and streams flow into the bays 64, 299-square-mile drainage basin, the bay is approximately 200 miles long from its northern headwaters in the Susquehanna River to its outlet in the Atlantic Ocean. It is 2.8 miles wide at its narrowest and 30 miles at its widest, total shoreline including tributaries is 11,684 miles, circumnavigating a surface area of 4,479 square miles. Average depth is 21 feet, reaching a maximum of 174 feet, the bay is spanned twice, in Maryland by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge from Sandy Point to Kent Island and in Virginia by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel connecting Virginia Beach to Cape Charles. Known for both its beauty and bounty, the bay became emptier, with crabs, oysters. Recent restoration efforts begun in the 1990s have been ongoing and show potential for growth of the oyster population. The health of the Chesapeake Bay improved in 2015, marking three years of gains over the past four years, according to a new report by the University of Maryland, the word Chesepiooc is an Algonquian word referring to a village at a big river.
It is the seventh oldest surviving English place-name in the U. S. first applied as Chesepiook by explorers heading north from the Roanoke Colony into a Chesapeake tributary in 1585 or 1586. The name may refer to the Chesepian or Chesapeake people. They occupied an area which is now the Norfolk, Chesapeake, in 2005, Algonquian linguist Blair Rudes helped to dispel one of the areas most widely held beliefs, that Chesapeake means something like great shellfish bay. The name might actually have meant something like great water, or it might have just referred to a location at the bays mouth. In addition, the name is almost always prefixed by the in usage by local residents, The Chesapeake, The Chesapeake Bay, the Chesapeake Bay is an estuary to the North Atlantic, lying between the Delmarva Peninsula to the east and the North American mainland to the west. It is the ria, or drowned valley, of the Susquehanna River and it is not a fjord, because the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the bay.
The large rivers entering the bay from the west have broad mouths and are extensions of the ria for miles up the course of each river. The bay was formed starting about 10,000 years ago when rising sea levels at the end of the last ice age flooded the Susquehanna River valley. Parts of the bay, especially the Calvert County and these cliffs, generally known as Calvert Cliffs, are famous for their fossils, especially fossilized shark teeth which are commonly found washed up on the beaches next to the cliffs. Scientists Cliffs is a community in Calvert County named for the desire to create a retreat for scientists when the community was founded in 1935
The Eastern Bay is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay located between Queen Annes County and Talbot County, Maryland on the Eastern Shore. Its main tributaries include the Miles River and the Wye River and it is located south of the Chester River and north of the Choptank River and is connected to the Chester River via Kent Narrows. A ferry across the Eastern Bay run by the Claiborne-Annapolis Ferry Company used to connect the communities of Romancoke, Chesapeake Bay Program Watershed Profile Eastern Bay
Savage River (Maryland)
The Savage River is a 29. 5-mile-long river in Garrett County, and is the first major tributary of the North Branch Potomac River from its source. The river was named for 18th century surveyor John Savage, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers maintains the Savage River Dam for flood control and recreation. It has trout fishing for brown, rainbow and sometimes cutthroat trout, there were three one-day recreational releases in 2011, two in June and one in September. The Savage has been used for the U. S. Olympic Trials and was the site of the 1989 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships on June 24–25, the usual put-in for whitewater boats is 0.7 miles below the dam, where the highway crosses the river. The slalom racing section begins 0.5 miles further downstream, below the 5. 0-foot-high Piedmont Dam, the 1989 race was the first time the Slalom World Championships were held in the United States. The rapids are fast and continuous, with very few eddies or calm spots