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Bladensburg National Park

Bladensburg is a national park in Shire of Winton, Australia. The park is 1152 km northwest of Brisbane, just south of the town of Winton. Birds common to the area include the painted firetail, rufous-crowned emu-wren and rufous-throated honeyeater; the park features river flats, sandstone ranges and flat-topped mesas. The main watercourse in the park is the dry Surprise Creek. During floods the creek becomes a braided channel; the landscape to the south of the park has dissected tablelands with mesas and buttes and to the far south are flat sand plains. Bladensburg lies in the area of what was once Koa tribal territory and, on white settlement, was taken over to run a sheep station, is now a protected area containing areas of high biodiversity, it is situated predominantly in the Goneaway Tablelands subregion of the Channel Country bioregion, but contains some of the Mitchell Grass Downs bioregion. The original Bladensburg homestead, transported to the site some time in the 1910s, houses the park's visitor information centre today.

The 84,900 hectares of national park were declared in 1984. The park contains dinosaur fossils as well as ceremonial grounds. Skull Hole, a waterhole in the park was the site of an aboriginal massacre known as the Bladensburg Massacre. Access to the park is by 16 km of road from Winton. Camping is permitted beside Surprise Creek. No water is available. Protected areas of Queensland

John Milton

John Milton was an English poet and intellectual, who served as a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost, written in blank verse considered to be one of the greatest works of literature written. Writing in English, Latin and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime, his celebrated Areopagitica, written in condemnation of pre-publication censorship, is among history's most influential and impassioned defences of freedom of speech and freedom of the press, his desire for freedom extended into his style: he introduced new words to the English language, was the first modern writer to employ unrhymed verse outside of the theatre or translations. William Hayley's 1796 biography called him the "greatest English author", he remains regarded "as one of the preeminent writers in the English language", though critical reception has oscillated in the centuries since his death.

Samuel Johnson praised Paradise Lost as "a poem which...with respect to design may claim the first place, with respect to performance, the second, among the productions of the human mind", though he described Milton's politics as those of an "acrimonious and surly republican". Poets such as William Blake, William Wordsworth and Thomas Hardy revered him; the phases of Milton's life parallel the major political divisions in Stuart Britain. Milton studied, wrote poetry for private circulation, launched a career as pamphleteer and publicist under the personal rule of Charles I and its breakdown into constitutional confusion and war; the shift in accepted attitudes in government placed him in public office under the Commonwealth of England, from being thought dangerously radical and heretical, he acted as an official spokesman in certain of his publications. The Restoration of 1660 deprived Milton, now blind, of his public platform, but this period saw him complete most of his major works of poetry.

Milton's views developed from his extensive reading, as well as travel and experience, from his student days of the 1620s to the English Civil War. By the time of his death in 1674, Milton was impoverished and on the margins of English intellectual life, yet famous throughout Europe and unrepentant for his political choices. John Milton was born in Bread Street, London on 9 December 1608, the son of composer John Milton and his wife Sarah Jeffrey; the senior John Milton moved to London around 1583 after being disinherited by his devout Catholic father Richard "the Ranger" Milton for embracing Protestantism. In London, the senior John Milton married Sarah Jeffrey and found lasting financial success as a scrivener, he lived in and worked from a house on Bread Street, where the Mermaid Tavern was located in Cheapside. The elder Milton was noted for his skill as a musical composer, this talent left his son with a lifelong appreciation for music and friendships with musicians such as Henry Lawes.

Milton's father's prosperity provided his eldest son with a private tutor, Thomas Young, a Scottish Presbyterian with an M. A. from the University of St. Andrews. Research suggests. After Young's tutorship, Milton attended St Paul's School in London. There he began the study of Latin and Greek, the classical languages left an imprint on both his poetry and prose in English. Milton's first datable compositions are two psalms done at age 15 at Long Bennington. One contemporary source is the Brief Lives of John Aubrey, an uneven compilation including first-hand reports. In the work, Aubrey quotes Christopher, Milton's younger brother: "When he was young, he studied hard and sat up late till twelve or one o'clock at night". Aubrey adds, ""His complexion exceeding faire—he was so faire that they called him the Lady of Christ's College."In 1625, Milton began attending Christ's College, Cambridge. He graduated with a B. A. in 1629, ranking fourth of 24 honours graduates that year in the University of Cambridge.

Preparing to become an Anglican priest, Milton stayed on and obtained his Master of Arts degree on 3 July 1632. Milton may have been rusticated in his first year for quarrelling with his tutor, Bishop William Chappell, he was at home in London in the Lent Term 1626. Based on remarks of John Aubrey, Chappell "whipt" Milton; this story is now disputed, though Milton disliked Chappell. Historian Christopher Hill cautiously notes that Milton was "apparently" rusticated, that the differences between Chappell and Milton may have been either religious or personal, it is possible that, like Isaac Newton four decades Milton was sent home because of the plague, by which Cambridge was badly affected in 1625. In 1626, Milton's tutor was Nathaniel Tovey. At Cambridge, Milton was on good terms with Edward King, for whom he wrote "Lycidas", he befriended Anglo-American dissident and theologian Roger Williams. Milton tutored Williams in Hebrew in exchange for lessons in Dutch. Despite developing a reputation for poetic skill and general erudition, Milton experienced alienation from his peers and university life as a whole.

Having once watched his fellow students attempting comedy upon the college stage, he observed'they thought themselves gallant men, I thought them

Peidong Yang

Peidong Yang is a Chinese-American chemist, material scientist, businessman. He is a Professor at the University of California, Berkeley and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, he is a Professor of Materials Science. His research group studies the synthesis of nanomaterials and their electronic and optical properties, he is a Department Head at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, Senior Faculty Scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Deputy Director of the Center of Integrated Nanomechanical Systems. He is an associate editor of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, an American Chemical Society Journal. Yang received a B. A. in Chemistry from the University of Science and Technology of China in 1993. For his graduate studies, he worked with Charles M. Lieber at Harvard University, in 1997, he was awarded a Ph. D. in Chemistry. He was a post-doctoral fellow with Galen D. Stucky at University of California, Santa Barbara from 1997–1999, until being hired as an assistant professor in Chemistry at University of California, where he was granted tenure in 2004.

Yang is well known for his work in nanostructure synthesis and characterization, having co-authored over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles. One of his most notable papers, "Room-Temperature Ultraviolet Nanowire Nanolasers", was published in Science in 2001 and has received over 5000 citations. In 2010, Yang was ranked as the top materials scientist and among the top 10 chemists of the decade 2000-2010 by Thomson Reuters, in order of citation impact; as one of the leaders of the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, a DOE Energy Innovation Hub awarded in 2010, he is coordinating efforts to develop materials that use sunlight to convert water to fuel. Since coming to Berkeley, Yang has mentored over 30 graduate students and over 30 postdoctoral researchers, he was a founding member of the scientific advisory board at Nanosys, a nanomaterials company, he is the founder of Alphabet Energy with Matthew L. Scullin, he lives with his wife and their daughter, Rachel. Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation New Faculty Award 3M Untenured Faculty Award Sloan Fellowship Research Fellowship National Science Foundation CAREER Award Hellman Family Faculty Award ACS ExxonMobil Solid State Chemistry Award Beckman Young Investigators Award MIT Technology Review TR100, as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.

ChevronTexaco Chair in Chemistry, Berkeley First Chairperson for American Chemical Society, Nanoscience Subdivision Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award Dupont Young Professor Award Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics Materials Research Society Outstanding Young Investigator Award ACS Award in Pure Chemistry University of Wisconsin McElvain Lectureship Chinese Academy of Science Molecular Science Forum Lectureship National Science Foundation A. T. Waterman Award Scientific American 50 Award Miller Research Professorship Columbia University Brian Bent Lectureship National Academy of Sciences Executive profile at Bloomberg Businessweek

Clement Courtenay Knollys

Sir Clement Courtenay Knollys was a British rower and colonial administrator and governor. Knollys was the son of his wife Caroline Augusta North, his father was rector at Quedgeley, among other parishes. He was educated at Magdalen College, where he distinguished himself as a rower. In 1872 he was substituted into the Oxford crew four days before that year's Boat Race, won by Cambridge by two lengths; however that year he won the Diamond Challenge Sculls at Henley Royal Regatta and beat the holder William Fawcus to win the Wingfield Sculls. He joined Kingston Rowing Club and in 1873 won the Silver Goblets with Alfred Trower, but lost the Wingfield Sculls to A. C. Dicker, he rowed in 1873 Boat Race. Knollys became a colonial administrator. In 1885 he up to 1894 was a member of the assembly. In 1904 Knollys was appointed Governor of the British Leeward Islands but died at Southsea in the following year at the age of 56. List of Oxford University Boat Race crews List of Governors of the Leeward Islands

Research Science Institute

The Research Science Institute is an international summer research program for high school students. RSI is sponsored by the Center for Excellence in Education and hosted by MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Regarded as one of the most prestigious honors for high school students, RSI brings together the top STEM talent from around the world for the opportunity to conduct original scientific research, cost-free, for six weeks during the summer, before their final year of high school; the Research Science Institute was founded in 1984 by Admiral H. G. Rickover, it was called the "Rickover Science Institute" until the 1986 session, when it was renamed to its current name. The original name is the source of the nickname of RSI attendees, "Rickoids". RSI has connections to the Department of Defense, three RSI positions are reserved for overseas Department of Defense Education Activity students. RSI is run by Vice President Maite P. Ballestero. 80 students from several countries are selected to participate in the six-week summer program.

More than 1,600 applications are received each year, making RSI more selective than all U. S. colleges and universities. The first week of RSI is composed of tutorials and seminars on contemporary research of interest by esteemed Professors from top universities, many of whom are alumni; the next four weeks are centered on individual research projects through mentors in the Boston area, the majority being at labs in the MIT and Harvard areas. The last week is devoted to paper and presentation writing, following by the RSI Final Symposium, encore presentations, which features the top 10 presentations decided by academic staff at RSI. After that, the top 5 presentations are determined by a panel of industry leaders in research and STEM; the RSI Distinguished Lecture Series, which continues throughout the program, brings distinguished professors and industry leaders in STEM, including a number of Nobel laureates, many of whom are RSI alumni, to speak to RSI students in evening lecture-style format.

In recent years, the RSI Distinguished Lecture Series has included Nobel Prize-winning physicist Wolfgang Ketterle, Nobel Prize-winning chemist Dudley Herschbach, Nobel Prize-winning geneticist Phillip Sharp, evolutionary biologist Pardis Sabeti and chess master Noam Elkies, Akamai Technologies co-founder and CEO Tom Leighton, mathematician Michael Sipser. RSI's staff is composed if not of alumni, with recent Rickoids filling in as counselors and TAs and older alumni taking administrative, lecturing, or tutoring positions. RSI 2018 and 2019 were led by RSI alumni Dr. Amy River Grace. Among tradition at RSI, students in the program play in an annual Ultimate match against PROMYS, take trips to the White Mountains of New Hampshire and Spectacle Island in Boston Harbor, an overnight trip to the Charles River Esplanade to view the Fourth of July fireworks. Though it has convened at various locations, the Institute is most associated with MIT, where it has been held every summer since 1992, for various reasons including availability of local mentorships and convenience of facilities.

The program participants were housed in East Campus through 2003, Simmons Hall from 2004-2013, Fariborz Maseeh Hall from 2014-2017, MacGregor House in 2018, Baker House in 2019. In 2006, a new program, RSI-Fudan, was held at Fudan University in Shanghai, China for Chinese students. Thirty-five local students were selected from key high schools to participate in the program and the staff was composed with previous Rickoids and CEE/Fudan affiliates from both the U. S. and China. Five years in 2011, another new program, the Saudi Research Science Institute, or SRSI, was founded, held at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. In the first year of SRSI, twenty-five scientifically talented students were selected and attended a six-week session modeled on RSI; the number of students was increased to forty in 2012 and 2013 and to forty-five in 2014. In the summer of 2015, the inaugural RSI Tshinghua was held in Beijing for the first time; as an official cooperation between the CEE and Tsinghua University, this program held research experiences for 34 outstanding high school students in China.

In Sweden, Research Academy for Young Scientists takes place annually for 21 incoming high school seniors who are most qualified in STEM. In 2009, Center for Excellence in Education started the first chapter in India in the city of Chennai, It was called Research Science Intitiative-Chennai, it is an intensive four-week program held at the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology Madras. This was in collaboration with the PSBB Group of Schools, IIT Madras, Chennai Mathematical Institute, SASTRA University and other leading institutions in the fields of science and technology; this was with the support of all secondary schools in Chennai from. After a pilot program in 2009, it was expanded the following year with Ms. Joann P. DiGennaro presiding over the valediction. A similar program, Summer Research School in mathematics and informatics, has been running in Bulgaria since 2001, it is intended for high school students

11th United States Colored Infantry Regiment (New)

The 1st Regiment Alabama Siege Artillery was an artillery regiment recruited from African-Americans that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment was renamed the 6th US Colored Heavy Artillery. Under the leadership of Major Lionel Booth, the regiment fought at the Battle of Fort Pillow on April 12, 1864; the regiment became the 7th US Colored Heavy Artillery, the 11th United States Colored Infantry. The 1st Alabama Siege Artillery Regiment was raised at LaGrange, LaFayette and Memphis, Tennessee, as well as Corinth, Mississippi, on June 20, 1863, after Federal troops occupied the area. In addition to artillery, the regiment trained as infantry; the unit was re-designated as 6th U. S. Colored Heavy Artillery Regiment on March 11, 1864. On March 17, Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas J. Jackson was placed in command of the regiment; the next day he turned the command over to newly promoted Major Lionel F. Booth. At that point the regiment had a strength of 213 men, it arrived at Fort Pillow on March 29 and Major Booth, being the senior officer present, was placed in command of the fort.

On April 12, the fort was attacked by 1,500 Confederate troops led by General James R. Chalmers and Cavalry Corps commander, General Nathan B. Forrest; the battery took positions inside the inner fort walls. However, the Confederates had occupied the surrounding bluffs that allowed them to fire down into the fort. Early in the morning, Major Booth was shot by a Confederate sniper; the command of the fort fell to the in-experienced Major William F. Bradford, the commander of the 13th Tennessee Cavalry; the command of the 6th Heavy Artillery fell to Captain Charles Epeneter, wounded in the head. The battery operated two 12-pound howitzers at the northern openings in the parapet. Several days before the battle, two 10-pound Parrotts were brought to Fort Pillow; these pieces were placed outside the fort at the beginning of the battle, but were soon moved inside the fort. Wooden platforms were hastily erected adjacent to two open embrasures facing south. During the final assault on the fort, all Union artillery was ineffective because the guns could not be depressed enough to fire upon the Confederates on the steep terrain below.

Two other cannons, 6-pound James Rifles, were placed in the center two embrasures and manned by a section of men from Company D, 2nd US Colored Light Artillery. The regiment suffered many casualties at the battle but unlike many newspaper reports not all of the black soldiers were killed. Fifty-six were taken prisoner by the Confederates. Most of them were taken to Mississippi and Alabama and enslaved whereas the white prisoners from the 13th Tennessee Cavalry were sent to Andersonville Prison where a large percentage died. Several of the black prisoners escaped and many of those missing in action returned to their unit. After the losses at the Battle of Fort Pillow, the survivors were reformed into the 7th U. S. Colored Heavy Artillery Regiment on April 26, 1864, into the 11th United States Colored Infantry on January 23, 1865. Battle of Fort Pillow List of Alabama Union Civil War regiments List of Mississippi Union Civil War units List of United States Colored Troops Civil War units Dyer, Frederick H..

A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. New York and London. Thomas Yoseloff, Publisher. LCCN 59-12963. Ward, Andrew. River Run Red: The Fort Pillow Massacre in the American Civil War. New York: Viking Adult, 2005. ISBN 0-670-03440-1. U. S. Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, "Fort Pillow Massacre." House Report No. 65, 38th Congress, 1st Session. Roster 590 names of Union Prisoners & Casualties of Fort Pillow