Aki (James Bond)
Aki is a fictional character created for the 1967 James Bond film You Only Live Twice. In the film, played by Akiko Wakabayashi, is a female ninja agent with the fictional Japanese government agency Secret Intelligence Service. She aids James Bond against the SPECTRE in Japan until she is killed by an assassin during an attempt on Bonds life upon which she is replaced by her fellow agent Kissy Suzuki, critical reception of the character was generally very positive. Aki does not appear in Ian Flemings 1964 novel and she was originally named Suki in Roald Dahls screenplay. According to The James Bond Films, the character was Dahls tribute to the Japanese woman of the Sixties, Wakabayashi convinced director Lewis Gilbert to change the name of her character to Aki. Aside from this, not much is known about her background before the mission and she is, briefly seen with her hair down and dressed in a more practical western-style outfit of sweatshirt and jeans when rescuing Bond from Osato Chemical Works.
Demure and soft-spoken Aki nonetheless maintains a degree of professionalism. Aki is first seen when 007 meets her at a wrestling show. Bond is there to meet a contact who will take him to Mr. Henderson and he confirms that Aki is his contact by saying the code words I love you to her. Aki takes Bond to meet Henderson in her car, after Henderson is killed during their meeting, Bond attacks and kills one of Hendersons killers. Taking the mans place, he is driven to the Osato Chemical Works HQ, Aki rescues him, using her skills as a driver, takes him to meet her boss, Tiger Tanaka. It is after this meeting that a bikini-clad Aki invites Bond to spend the night with her, famously saying I think I will enjoy very much serving under you, the next morning, Bond returns to the Osato Chemical Works and meets Blofelds henchman Mr. Osato. Leaving after the meeting, he is pursued by SPECTRE gunmen, the gunmen chase Akis car and she leads them out into the countryside, where a SIS helicopter lifts the gunmens car off the road with a giant magnet and drops it into the sea.
She takes him to a quayside to investigate a ship he suspects is being used by the villains, when investigating the ship Bond and Aki are attacked by SPECTRE henchmen. Bond tells her to leave and report to Tanaka, Aki refuses to leave Bond at first and this would prove to be Akis final contribution to Bonds mission in Japan. Once Aki has helped Bond to assume his Japanese disguise, the two spend the night together. While they are sleeping an assassin stealthily enters the bedroom via the roof and lowers a thin cord to Bonds mouth, at the last moment, Bond turns in his sleep and Aki moves to his position swallowing the poison instead. As the poison takes effect and choke her, Aki manages to wake Bond who kills the assassin
Sole is a fish belonging to several families. The word sole in English and Italian comes from its resemblance to a sandal, in other languages, it is named for the tongue, e. g. Greek Γλώσσα German Seezunge, Dutch zeetong or tong, Hungarian nyelvhal, Spanish lenguado. A partial list of names for species referred to as sole include, In the sole suborder Soleoidei, The true soles, including the common or Dover sole. These are the only fishes called soles in Europe, the American soles, sometimes classified among the Soleidae. The tonguefishes or tongue soles, whose common names include the word tongue. Several species of flounder in the family Pleuronectidae, including the lemon sole, the Pacific Dover sole. For example, the western English Channel and Irish Sea sole fisheries face potential collapse according to data in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Sole, along with the other major bottom-feeding fish in the North Sea such as cod, moreover, they are growing less quickly now and are rarely older than six years, although they can reach forty.
World stocks of large fish and large ground fish such as sole. According to the World Wildlife Fund in 2006, of the nine sole stocks, in 2010, Greenpeace International has added the common sole to its seafood red list. The Greenpeace International seafood red list is a list of fish that are sold in supermarkets around the world. Alan Davidson, North Atlantic Seafood,1979, video of a fresh water sole on YouTube
A Bond girl is a character who is a love interest and/or female sidekick of James Bond in a novel, film, or video game. There is no set rule on what kind of person a Bond girl will be or what role she will play and she may be an ally or an enemy of Bond, pivotal to the mission or simply eye candy. However, it has argued that Ms pivotal role in the plot of Skyfall qualifies her as a Bond girl or Bond woman. Nearly all of Ian Flemings Bond novels and short stories include one or more characters who can be said to qualify as Bond girls. While Flemings Bond girls have some traits, they have a great many characteristics in common. One of these is age, The typical Bond girl is in her early to mid-twenties, roughly ten years younger than Bond, examples include Solitaire, Tatiana Romanova, Vivienne Viv Michel, and Kissy Suzuki. The youngest Bond girl may be Gala Brand, she is named for the cruiser in which her father is serving at the time of her birth, Bonds youngest sexual partner in the books is Mariko Ichiban, an 18-year-old masseuse in You Only Live Twice.
The eldest Bond girls are Pussy Galore, whom Bond speculates is in her early 30s, Bond girls conform to a fairly well-defined standard of beauty. They possess splendid figures and tend to dress in a masculine, assertive fashion, wear little jewellery—and that in a masculine cut—wide leather belts. Nearly all of them are white, they often sport light though noticeable suntans and their hair may be any colour, though they typically wear it in a natural or casual cut that falls heavily to their shoulders. Their features, especially their eyes and mouths, are widely spaced. Even Domino, wears rather masculine jewellery, the best-known characteristic of Bond girls apart from their uniform beauty is their pattern of sexually suggestive names, such as Pussy Galore. Names with less obvious meanings are sometimes explained in the novels, Flemings penchant for double-entendre names began with the first Bond novel Casino Royale. Several Bond girls, have normal names, most Bond girls are apparently sexually experienced by the time they meet Bond.
Tiffany Case was gang-raped as a teenager, Honey Ryder, was beaten, Pussy Galore was sexually abused at age 12 by her uncle. While there is no such clear-cut trauma in Solitaires early life, there are suggestions that she, avoids men because of their unwanted sexual advances in her past. Kissy Suzuki reports to Bond that during her career in Hollywood, when she was 17, They thought that because I am Japanese I am some sort of an animal. The cliché reaches its most extreme level in Goldfinger, in this novel Pussy Galore is portrayed as a practising lesbian when she first meets Bond, but at the end of the novel she sleeps with him
Brookss is a gentlemens club in St Jamess Street, London. It is one of the oldest gentlemens clubs in London, in January 1762 a private society was established at 50 Pall Mall by Messrs. Boothby and James in response to having been blackballed for membership of Whites and this society split to form the predecessors of both Brookss and Boodles. The club that was to become Brookss was founded in March 1764 by twenty-seven prominent Whig nobles including the Duke of Portland, charles James Fox was elected as a member the following year at the age of sixteen. The club premises at 49 Pall Mall was a tavern owned by William Almack as was the neighbouring 50 Pall Mall where the society had previously met. These fashionable young men, known as Macaronis, would frequent the premises for the purposes of wining and gambling, paid for at Brookss own expense, the building was completed in October 1778 and all existing members of Almacks were invited to join. Brookss gamble paid off as all existing members swiftly moved into the new building, brooks himself however would not live long to enjoy this success, dying in poverty in 1782.
The new clubhouse was built of brick and Portland stone in a Palladian style similar to Hollands early country houses. The main suite of rooms on the first floor consisted of the Great Subscription Room, Small Drawing Room, the interiors are in neoclassical style, the Great Subscription Room having a segmental barrel vault ceiling. The interior of the building remained unchanged until 1889 when neighbouring 2 Park Place. The main historic attraction of Brookss was its gaming rooms, at several tables in one, gentlemen would stake fortunes on whist and hazard. Gambling all night was common, all day and all night, when the stakes far exceeded any ordinary expenses, all the club accounts were commonly deducted from winnings, so that no bills were rendered to members. Numerous eccentric bets were and are made in the Brookss betting book, one extraordinary entry from 1785 is Ld. Cholmondeley has given two guineas to Ld, derby, to receive 500 Gs whenever his lordship fucks a woman in a balloon one thousand yards from the Earth.
Members gaming, such as at backgammon, continues today, in 1978 the St Jamess Club amalgamated with Brookss, adding to its membership some European royalty, members of the British diplomatic corps and writers. 140–164,1878 F. H. W. Sheppard, ed, survey of London, volumes 29 and 30, St James Westminster, Part 1, pp. 325–338,1960. Christopher Hibbert, the Biography of a City,1969, William Morrow, NY Stella Margetson, Regency London,1971, Praeger Publishers, NY Ellen Moers, The Dandy, Brummell to Beerbohm,1960, The Viking Press, Inc. NY Philip Ziegler & Desmond Seward, Brookss, a Social History,1991, vic Gatrell, City of Laughter, Atlantic Books,2006
George Bryan Beau Brummell was an iconic figure in Regency England, the arbiter of mens fashion, and a friend of the Prince Regent, the future King George IV. He established the mode of dress for men that rejected overly ornate fashions for one of understated and this look was based on dark coats, full-length trousers rather than knee breeches and stockings, and above all immaculate shirt linen and an elaborately knotted cravat. Beau Brummell is credited with introducing, and establishing as fashion and he claimed he took five hours a day to dress, and recommended that boots be polished with champagne. The style of dress was referred to as dandyism, Brummell was born in London, the younger son of William Brummell, a politician, of Donnington Grove in Berkshire. The family was middle class, but the elder Brummell was ambitious for his son to become a gentleman, and young George was raised with that understanding. Brummell was educated at Eton and made his precocious mark on fashion when he not only modernised the white stock, or cravat, that was the mark of the Eton boy, but added a gold buckle to it.
He progressed to Oxford University, where, by his own example, he made cotton stockings and dingy cravats a thing of the past. While an undergraduate at Oriel College in 1793, he competed for the Chancellors Prize for Latin Verse, coming second to Edward Copleston and he left the university after only a year at the age of sixteen. In June 1794 Brummell joined the illustrious Tenth Royal Hussars as a cornet, the lowest rank of commissioned officer and his father died in 1795, by which time George had been promoted to lieutenant. His father had left an inheritance of £65,000, of which Brummell was entitled to a third, ordinarily a considerable sum, it was inadequate for the expenses of an aspiring officer in the personal regiment of the Prince of Wales. The officers, many of whom were heirs to noble titles and lands, for such a junior officer, Brummell took the regiment by storm, fascinating the prince, the first gentleman of England, by the force of his personality. He was allowed to parade, shirk his duties and, in essence.
Within three years, by 1796, he was made a captain, to the envy and disgust of older officers who felt that our general’s friend was now the general. When his regiment was sent from London to Manchester he immediately resigned his commission, citing the poor reputation, undistinguished ambience and want of culture. Although he was now a civilian, Brummells friendship with, and influence over and his simple yet elegant and understated manner of dress, coupled with his natural wit, gained him entry to the Princes society. Brummell took a house on Chesterfield Street in Mayfair and for a managed to avoid the nightly gaming. That amount is approximately £103,000 in 2012 currency, the wage for a craftsman at that time was £52 a year. Brummell put into practice the principles of harmony of shape and contrast of colours with such a result that men of superior rank sought his opinion on their dress
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections. The latest novel is Trigger Mortis by Anthony Horowitz, published in September 2015, additionally Charlie Higson wrote a series on a young James Bond, and Kate Westbrook wrote three novels based on the diaries of a recurring series character, Moneypenny. The character has adapted for television, comic strip, video games. As of 2017, there have been twenty-four films in the Eon Productions series, the most recent Bond film, stars Daniel Craig in his fourth portrayal of Bond, he is the sixth actor to play Bond in the Eon series. There have two independent productions of Bond films, Casino Royale and Never Say Never Again. In 2015, the franchise was estimated to be worth $19.9 billion, the Bond films are renowned for a number of features, including the musical accompaniment, with the theme songs having received Academy Award nominations on several occasions, and two wins.
Other important elements which run through most of the films include Bonds cars, his guns, the films are noted for Bonds relationships with various women, who are sometimes referred to as Bond girls. Ian Fleming created the character of James Bond as the central figure for his works. Bond is an officer in the Secret Intelligence Service, commonly known as MI6. Bond is known by his number,007, and was a Royal Naval Reserve Commander. Among those types were his brother, who had involved in behind-the-lines operations in Norway. Aside from Flemings brother, a number of others provided some aspects of Bonds make up, including Conrad OBrien-ffrench, Patrick Dalzel-Job and Bill Biffy Dunderdale. The name James Bond came from that of the American ornithologist James Bond, a Caribbean bird expert and author of the definitive field guide Birds of the West Indies. He further explained that, When I wrote the first one in 1953, I wanted Bond to be a dull, uninteresting man to whom things happened. When I was casting around for a name for my protagonist I thought by God, is the dullest name I ever heard.
On another occasion, Fleming said, I wanted the simplest, plainest-sounding name I could find, James Bond was much better than something more interesting, like Peregrine Carruthers. Exotic things would happen to and around him, but he would be a neutral figure—an anonymous, likewise, in Moonraker, Special Branch Officer Gala Brand thinks that Bond is certainly good-looking. Rather like Hoagy Carmichael in a way and that black hair falling down over the right eyebrow
Whites is a gentlemans club in St Jamess, regarded as one of the most exclusive of its kind. Whites is the oldest gentlemans club in London, founded in 1693, notable current members include Charles, Prince of Wales, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Conrad Black and Tom Stacey. Whites continues to maintain its standards as an establishment exclusively for gentlemen, brief exceptions were made for the visits by Queen Elizabeth II in 1991, Whites is a member of the Association of London Clubs. Tickets were sold to the productions at Kings Theatre and Royal Drury Lane Theatre as a side-business. Whites quickly made the transition from teashop to exclusive club and in the early 18th century, it was notorious as a gambling house, the club gained a reputation for both its exclusivity and the often raffish behaviour of its members. Jonathan Swift referred to Whites as the bane of half the English nobility, in 1778 it moved to 37–38 St Jamess Street. From 1783 it was the headquarters of the Tory party. A few apolitical and affable gentlemen managed to belong to both, the new architecture featured a bow window on the ground floor.
In the 18th century, the table directly in front of it became a seat of distinction and this belonged to the arbiter elegantiarum, Beau Brummell, until he removed to the Continent in 1816, when Lord Alvanley took the place of honour. It was here that Alvanley bet a friend £3,000 as to which of two raindrops would first reach the bottom of a pane of the bow window and it is not recorded whether he won his bet. Later, the spot was reserved for the use of the 1st Duke of Wellington until his death in 1852, alvanleys was not the most eccentric bet in Whites famous betting book. Some of those entries were on sports, but more often on political developments, especially during the years of the French Revolution. A good many were social bets, such as whether a friend would marry this year, there were two American members in the interwar period, one of whom was a General in the U. S. Army. Current American members include diplomat Edward Streator, Prince Charles held his stag night at the club before his wedding to Lady Diana Spencer in 1981.
His eldest son, Prince William was entered as a member of the shortly after his birth. The clubhouse is located at 37–38 St Jamess Street in the City of Westminster and is a Grade I listed building. Originally built in 1674 and rebuilt in 1787-88, probably by James Wyatt, it was altered in 1811. Constructed of Portland stone with a slate roof it possesses the Victorian version of a Palladian façade with some French motifs, the buildings consists of three storeys, a basement and a dormered attic
Contract bridge, or simply bridge, is a trick-taking game using a standard 52-card deck. It is played by four players in two competing partnerships, with partners sitting opposite each other around a table. Millions of people play bridge worldwide in clubs, tournaments and with friends at home, making it one of the worlds most popular card games, particularly among seniors. The World Bridge Federation is the body for international competitive bridge. The game consists of deals, each progressing through four phases. During the auction, partners communicate information about their hand, including its overall strength, the cards are played, the declaring side trying to fulfill the contract, and the defenders trying to stop the declaring side achieving its goal. The deal is scored based on the number of tricks taken, the contract, one theory is that the name bridge has its origins in the name of an earlier game. Bridge departed from whist with the creation of Biritch in the 19th century, the word biritch itself is a spelling of the Russian word Бирюч, an occupation of a diplomatic clerk or an announcer.
However some experts think that the Russian origin of the game is a fallacy, another theory is that British soldiers invented the game bridge while serving in the Crimean War. Bridge is a four-player partnership trick-taking game with thirteen tricks per deal, the dominant variations of the game are rubber bridge, more common in social play, and duplicate bridge, which enables comparative scoring in tournament play. Each player is dealt thirteen cards from a standard 52-card deck, a trick starts when a player leads, i. e. plays the first card. The leader to the first trick is determined by the auction, each player, in a clockwise order, plays one card on the trick. Players must play a card of the suit as the original card led, unless they have none. The player who played the card wins the trick. Within a suit, the ace is ranked highest followed by the king and jack, in a deal where the auction has determined that there is no trump suit, the trick must be won by a card of the suit led. However, in a deal there is a trump suit.
If one or more plays a trump to a trick when void in the suit led. For example, if the suit is spades and a player is void in the suit led and plays a spade card
Glossary of contract bridge terms
These terms are used in contract bridge, using duplicate or rubber scoring. Some of them are used in whist, bid whist, the obsolete game auction bridge. This glossary supplements the Glossary of card game terms, in the following entries, boldface links are external to the glossary and plain links reference other glossary entries. 0314,3014, or 3014 RKCB A mnemonic for the original structure to the Roman Key Card Blackwood convention. It represents 3 or 0 and 1 or 4, meaning that the lowest step response to the 4NT key card asking bid shows responder has three or zero keycards and the next step shows one or four. 1430, or 1430 RKCB A mnemonic for a variant response structure to the Roman Key Card Blackwood convention. It represents 1 or 4 and 3 or 0, meaning that the lowest step response to the 4NT key card asking bid shows responder has one or four keycards and the next step shows three or zero. 2-under preempts A2 or 3-level conventional opening bid made two steps below the openers suit, for example, 2♦ to show a weak two bid in spades or 3♣ to show a three-level preempt in hearts, if 2♣ is a strong, artificial force, 2♥ is natural.
Points awarded for contract odd tricks bid and made are entered below the line and its members are players, grouped in regional districts and local units for some purposes. Acol An approach–forcing, natural bidding system, based on a weak NT and 4-card majors, popular in the United Kingdom, active An approach to defending a hand that emphasizes quickly setting up winners and taking tricks. An approach to competitive bidding that emphasizes frequent interference with opponents bidding sequences and it may be assigned or artificial. The scores awarded to the two sides need not balance, Advance cue bid The cue bid of a first round control that occurs before a partnership has agreed on a strain. Advance sacrifice A sacrifice bid made before the opponents have had an opportunity to determine their optimum contract, for example, 1♦ - - Dbl -. Advancer Overcallers partner, especially one who bids following the overcall, adverse vulnerability Vulnerable against non-vulnerable opponents. Aggregate scoring Deciding the outcome of a contest by totaling the raw points gained or lost on each deal, agree For a partnership to come to a decision, conventionally or by implication, on the denomination in which to play a hand.
Agreement An understanding between partners as to the meaning of a call or defensive play. There are two types of agreements, when the call is natural, the agreement is said to be a treatment, and when the call is artificial. Air, as on air To win a trick with a card while capturing only small cards
Miss Moneypenny, assigned the first names of Eve or Jane, is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. She is secretary to M, who is Bonds boss and head of the British Secret Service, although she has a small part in most of the films, it is always highlighted by the underscored romantic tension between her and Bond. On that note, she is not always considered to be a Bond girl, having never had anything more than a relationship with Bond. According to the film You Only Live Twice, she holds the rank of officer in the Womens Royal Naval Service. In Ian Flemings first draft of Casino Royale, Moneypennys name was originally Miss Petty Pettaval, which was taken from Kathleen Pettigrew, Fleming changed it to be less obvious. Miss Moneypenny is the secretary of M, the head of MI6. She holds the rank of Lieutenant RN, which is a rank for this position. She is cleared for Top Secret, Eyes Only, and Cabinet-Level intelligence reports, the latter of which she is required to prepare. Ms personal assistant is utterly dedicated to her work, which means she has time for a social life.
A close confidante of her boss, she enjoys a flirtatious—though never consummated—relationship with James Bond. Moneypenny was never given any backstory until the film Skyfall, when she was re-introduced to the following the 2006 reboot of the series continuity. Moneypenny, now played by Naomie Harris and given the first name Eve, is originally an agent assigned to work with Bond on an operation in Istanbul. It ends in disaster when she accidentally shoots Bond while he is fighting with the mercenary they are chasing. She is temporarily suspended for this and reassigned to duty, assisting Gareth Mallory, the Chairman of the Intelligence and Security Committee. She meets Bond in Macau and aids in locating an agent of Raoul Silvas before returning to London, after her return to London, she is a participant in another shootout with Silva, when Silva ambushes M at a public inquiry into MI6. By the end of the film, she decides to retire from fieldwork, in both the Bond novels and films based upon them, Moneypenny is smitten with Bond.
For example, in the novel Thunderball, Fleming wrote that she often dreamed hopelessly about Bond, she never explicitly voices these feelings. Miss Moneypennys role in Flemings novels is even smaller than her role in the films, in the novels, Bond has his own secretary, Loelia Ponsonby and Mary Goodnight, both of whose lines and relationships were often transferred to Miss Moneypenny for the films
Q (James Bond)
Q is a fictional character in the James Bond films and film novelizations. Q, like M, is a job title rather than a name and he is the head of Q Branch, the fictional research and development division of the British Secret Service. Q has appeared in 21 of the 24 Eon Productions James Bond films, the exceptions being Live and Let Die, the character was featured in both non-Eon Bond films, the 1967 Casino Royale and Never Say Never Again. Q has always been portrayed in the James Bond films as a man, however, MI6 chief Alex Younger revealed in a speech at the 2017 Women in IT Awards that the real-life Q is a woman. In John Gardners novels, the post of Q is taken over by Ann Reilly and she forms a relationship with Bond. It is supposed that she held the post for a short while only, charles Fraser-Smith is widely credited as the inspiration for Q due to the spy gadgets he built for the Special Operations Executive. These were called Q-devices, after the Royal Navys World War I Q-ships, in the sixth novel, Dr.
No, the service armourer Major Boothroyd appears for the first time. Fleming named the character after Geoffrey Boothroyd, an expert who lived in Glasgow. In the films, Major Boothroyd first appears in Dr, No and in From Russia with Love, although played by different actors. In most films in which Q appears, he is restricted to a behind the scenes involvement, either based in London or in secret bases out in the field. In the first film, Dr. No, Boothroyd is played by Peter Burton in only one scene in which he replaces Bonds.380 ACP Beretta M1934 pistol with the signature.32 Walther PPK handgun. He is referred to by M as the armourer, and as Major Boothroyd, scheduling conflicts prevented Burton from reprising the role in From Russia with Love. No Beginning with From Russia with Love, Desmond Llewelyn portrayed the character in every film except Live. In the 1977 film The Spy Who Loved Me, as Q delivered the underwater Lotus, in Thunderball, Bond can be heard muttering Oh no when Q joins him in the Bahamas.
Q has assisted Bond in an active role in his missions in Octopussy. He frequently refers to Bond as 007, rather than by his name, in GoldenEye, Q shares a joke with Bond for the first time, and in The World Is Not Enough when he reveals his plan to retire, Bond is saddened at the prospect. Q signs off with Now pay attention,007, and offers some words of advice, Q, Q, Always have an escape plan. – before he is lowered out of view, llewellyn died in a car crash just weeks after the films release