Michael David Fuller, better known by his stage name Blaze Foley, was an American country music singer-songwriter active in Austin, Texas. Foley was born Michael David Fuller in Malvern, Arkansas on December 18, 1949, he grew up in San Antonio and performed in a gospel band called The Singing Fuller Family with his mother and sisters. As a child Blaze contracted polio and as a consequence one of his legs was shorter than the other, causing him to drag his foot while walking, he was nicknamed "Deputy Dog" early in his career. In the spring of 1975, he was living in a small artists' community just outside Whitesburg, when he met Sybil Rosen. Rosen and Foley were in a relationship and decided to leave the artist community together to support his music, he went on the road and performed in Atlanta, Chicago and Austin, Texas. Together, they ended up in Austin. Foley tried to get into songwriting. Foley started drinking more and the bar scene complicated his relationship with Rosen, which ended. Foley was close friends with Townes Van Zandt and was influenced by him.
Foley's stage name was inspired by his admiration of musician Red Foley. Foley placed duct tape on the tips of his cowboy boots to mock the "Urban Cowboy"-crazed folks with their silver-tipped cowboy boots, he made a suit out of duct tape that he wore walking around. The master tapes from his first studio album were confiscated by the DEA when the executive producer was caught in a drug bust. Another studio album disappeared when the master copies were stolen with his belongings from a station wagon that Foley had been given and lived in. A third studio album, Wanted More Dead Than Alive, was thought to have disappeared until, many years after Blaze died, a friend, cleaning out his car discovered what sounded like the Bee Creek recording sessions on which he and other musicians had performed; this was Foley's last studio album, he was scheduled to tour the UK with Townes Van Zandt in support of the album. When Foley died, his attorney nullified the recording contract and the master tapes subsequently disappeared.
Foley worked with, among others, Gurf Morlix, Townes Van Zandt, Guy Schwartz, Billy Block, Calvin Russell. On February 1, 1989, Foley was at a house in the Bouldin Creek neighborhood of Austin, Texas when he was shot in the chest and killed by Carey January, the son of Foley's friend Concho January. Blaze had confronted Carey January accusing him of stealing his father’s veteran pension and welfare checks. Carey January was acquitted of first-degree murder by reason of self-defense, he and his father presented different versions of the shooting at trial. Concho January, who has since died, liked to drink and proved an unreliable witness though he tried to testify against his son. At his funeral, Foley's casket was coated with duct tape by his friends. Townes Van Zandt told a story where he and his musicians went to Foley's grave to dig up his body because they wanted the pawn ticket that Foley had for Townes's guitar. Foley's music is featured prominently in a feature-length documentary film about him entitled Blaze Foley: Duct Tape Messiah, released in 2011 by filmmaker Kevin Triplett.
Foley's song "Let Me Ride in Your Big Cadillac" featured prominently at the end of Episode 8 of the first season of the television show, Preacher. In January 2018, Blaze, a biographical drama directed by Ethan Hawke, premiered at the Sundance Film Festival; the screenplay was adapted by Hawke from the novel Living in the Woods in a Tree: Remembering Blaze by Sybil Rosen. The film stars musician Ben Dickey as Foley, Alia Shawkat as Sybil Rosen, Charlie Sexton as Townes Van Zandt. Townes Van Zandt wrote the song "Blaze's Blues" about his friend and recorded it a few times, notably on his two-disc album, Live at Union Chapel, England; the song "Drunken Angel" by Lucinda Williams is a tribute to Foley, which appears on her 1998 album Car Wheels on a Gravel Road. Gurf Morlix released a song on his 2009 album Last Exit to Happyland entitled "Music You Mighta Made" about his longtime friend, Foley. On February 1, 2011, Morlix released Blaze Foley's 113th Wet Dream, a 15-song collection of Foley's songs.
The song "Reverend" by Kings of Leon, which appears on their 2016 album Walls, is a tribute to Foley. Foley's song "If I Could Only Fly" became a hit in Merle Haggard's 2000 album If I Could Fly. Foley's "Election Day" was covered by Lyle Lovett on his 2003 album My Baby Don't Tolerate and his song "Clay Pigeons" was covered by John Prine on his Grammy Award-winning 2005 album Fair and Square, as well as by Michael Cera on his 2014 digital album True That. Joe Nichols paid tribute to Foley by including "If I Could Only Fly" in his album Real Things released in 2007. Other important recordings of "If I Could Only Fly" include Willie Nelson and Merle Haggard in their 1987 album Seashores of Old Mexico, Nanci Griffith in her 2012 album Intersections, a Kimmie Rhodes version is included in the 1998 Blaze Foley tribute album, In Tribute and Loving Memory... Vol #1, which includes Foley's work by 15 artists. Three songs were posthumously co-written by Texas singer-songwriter and old-time music historian Jon Hogan, from lyrics found in Foley's handwriting after his death, at the request of the Foley estate, were released on the 2010 album Every Now and Then: Songs of Townes Van Zandt & Blaze Foley.
They include "Every Now and Then", "Safe in the Arms of Love", "Can't Always Cry". In 2017, Hogan and musical partner Maria Moss re-recorded "Can't Always Cry" for their album In Dreams I Go Back Home. "He's only gone crazy onc
Sam Rockwell is an American actor. He first became known for his leading roles in Lawn Dogs, Confessions of a Dangerous Mind, Matchstick Men, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy and Seven Psychopaths, he has played supporting roles in The Green Mile, Galaxy Quest, Frost/Nixon, Iron Man 2, The Way, Way Back. In 2017, Rockwell's performance as a troubled police officer in the crime-drama Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, a Golden Globe, two Screen Actors Guild Awards; the following year, his portrayal of George W. Bush in the biopic Vice earned him his second Academy Award nomination in the same category. Rockwell was born November 1968 in Daly City, California, he is the only child of actors Pete Penny Hess. After their divorce when he was five, he was raised by his father in San Francisco, spent his summers with his mother in New York. At age 10, he made a brief stage appearance playing Humphrey Bogart in an East Village improv comedy sketch with his mother.
He started high school at the San Francisco School of the Arts with Margaret Cho and Aisha Tyler, but received his high school diploma from Urban Pioneers, an Outward Bound-style alternative school. Rockwell explained, "I just wanted to get stoned, flirt with girls, go to parties." The school "had a reputation as a place stoners went because it was easy to graduate." The school ended up helping him regain an interest in performing. After appearing in an independent film during his senior year, he moved to New York to pursue an acting career. After his debut role in the horror film Clownhouse, which he filmed while living in San Francisco, he moved to New York and trained at the William Esper Studios with teacher Terry Knickerbocker, his career gained momentum in the early 1990s, when he alternated between small-screen guest spots in TV series like The Equalizer, NYPD Blue and Law & Order and small roles in films such as Last Exit to Brooklyn and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. He appeared as the title character in The Search for One-eye Jimmy.
During this time, Rockwell delivered burritos by bicycle. At one point, Rockwell worked as a private detective's assistant. "I tailed a chick, having an affair and took pictures of her at this motel", he told Rolling Stone in 2002. "It was pretty sleazy." A well-paying Miller commercial in 1994 allowed him to pursue acting full-time. The turning point in Rockwell's career was Tom DiCillo's film Box of Moonlight, in which he played an eccentric man-child who dresses like Davy Crockett and lives in an isolated mobile home; the ensuing acclaim put him front and center with casting agents and newfound fans alike, with Rockwell himself acknowledging that "That film was a turning point... I was sort of put on some independent film map after 10 years in New York."He received strong reviews for the film Lawn Dogs, where he played a working-class lawn mower who befriends a wealthy 10-year-old girl in an upper-class gated community in Kentucky. In 1999, Rockwell played prisoner William "Wild Bill" Wharton in the Stephen King prison drama The Green Mile.
At the time of the film's shooting, Rockwell explained why he was attracted to playing such unlikable characters. He said, "I like that dark stuff. I think. There's a bit of self-loathing in there, a bit of anger... But after this, I've got to play some lawyers, or a British aristocrat, or they'll put a label on me." After appearances as a bumbling actor in the sci-fi parody Galaxy Quest, as Flute in the Shakespeare adaptation A Midsummer Night's Dream, as gregarious villain Eric Knox in Charlie's Angels, Rockwell won the then-biggest leading role of his career as The Gong Show host Chuck Barris in George Clooney's directorial debut, Confessions of a Dangerous Mind. Rockwell's performance was well-received, the film earned positive reviews. Rockwell has received positive notices for his role opposite Nicolas Cage in Ridley Scott's Matchstick Men, with Entertainment Weekly calling him "destined by a kind of excessive interestingness to forever be a colorful sidekick." He received somewhat more mixed reviews as Zaphod Beeblebrox in the film version of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
He had a notable supporting role as Charley Ford, brother of Casey Affleck's character Robert Ford, in the well-received drama The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford, in which Brad Pitt played the lead role of Jesse James. According to an interview on The Howard Stern Show, director Jon Favreau considered casting him as the titular character in Iron Man as the studio was hesitant to work with Robert Downey Jr., considered for his role in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. Rockwell appeared in Iron Man 2, released in 2010, as Tony Stark's rival weapons developer, Justin Hammer, he is said to have accepted the role without reading the script. He had never heard of the character before he was contacted about the role and was unaware that Hammer is an old man in the comic books. In addition to big-budget feature films, Rockwell has appeared in indie films such as The F Word and played a randy, Halloween-costume-clad Batman in a short, Robin's Big Date, opposite Justin Long as Robin.
He starred in the film Snow Angels opposite Kate Beckinsale. He has worked on several oc
Fandango is an American ticketing company that sells movie tickets via their website as well as through their mobile app. Industry revenue increased for several years after the company's formation. However, as the Internet grew in popularity and medium-sized movie-theater chains began to offer independent ticket sale capabilities through their own websites. In addition, a new paradigm of moviegoers printing their own tickets at home emerged, in services offered by PrintTixUSA and by point-of-sale software vendor operated websites like "ticketmakers.com". An overall slump in moviegoing continued into the 2000s, as home theaters, DVDs, high definition televisions proliferated in average households, turning their homes into a preferred place to screen films. On April 11, 2007, Comcast acquired Fandango, with plans to integrate it into a new entertainment website called "Fancast.com," set to launch the summer of 2007. In June 2008, the domain Movies.com was acquired from Disney. With Comcast's purchase of a majority stake in NBCUniversal in January 2011, Fandango and all other Comcast media assets were merged into the company.
In March 2012, Fandango announced a partnership with Yahoo! Movies, becoming the official online and mobile ticketer serving over 30 million registered users of the Yahoo! service. On January 29, 2016, Fandango announced its acquisition of M-GO, a joint venture between Technicolor SA and DreamWorks Animation which it would rebrand as "FandangoNOW". In February of that same year Fandango announced its acquisition of Flixster and Rotten Tomatoes from Time Warner's Warner Bros. Entertainment; as part of the deal, Warner Bros. would become a 30% shareholder of the combined Fandango company. In December 2016, Fandango Media purchased Cinepapaya, a Peru-based website for purchasing movie tickets, for an undisclosed amount. Fandango charges a premium to use its services, ranging from 75¢ to $2.50, which reserves a ticket to be printed out upon arrival at a movie theater, thereby avoiding lines. Seating was promised for sold-out shows, but this feature was discontinued for most theaters, as not all were equipped to handle reserved seating and will call lines.
With ticket prices in many areas exceeding US$10.00, purchasing tickets through Fandango and other ticketing websites can make movie-going an expensive proposition. Fandango's advertisements play before previews at participating movie-theater chains and feature lunch bag puppets telling various one or two-line jokes and riddles centering on the company's name; the company produced an advertising segment, based on the song, "We are the World". Fandango's website offers exclusive film clips, celebrity interviews, reviews by users, movie descriptions, some web-based games to their members; as of March 5, 2015, Fandango provides customers with memberships the ability to refund or exchange their orders 2 hours before the showtime of their film. Fandango's Android app was listed among Techlands 50 Best Android Applications for 2013. Fandango is one of three major online advance movie ticket sale sites, along with MovieTickets.com and AtomTickets.com. Before being acquired by Comcast in April 2007, Fandango was owned, with the major stakeholder being the second largest movie-theater chain in the U.
S. Regal Entertainment Group, including the United Artists and Hoyts theater chains. Along with other partners, Regal founded Fandango to prevent the older MovieTickets.com from establishing a monopoly on phone and online ticketing services. It's advertising agency decided on its name because it sounded "fun and smart," "easily pronounce and remember--even though it has nothing to do with movies."Mergers of movie chains have complicated matters regarding which company provides online ticketing for a particular chain. Upon Regal's acquisition of Consolidated Theatres, that chain was under contract to MovieTickets.com. On the other hand, Regal's acquisition of the Hoyts chain resulted in Fandango taking over their online ticketing. Prior to 2012, Fandango did not provide online ticketing for many AMC Theatres. However, it provided online ticketing for those AMC Theatres part of the Loews Cineplex Entertainment chain, due to contractual obligations in place prior to the 2005 merger of the two movie chains.
Loews had attempted to break the contract in 2002 under pressure of bankruptcy and from AOL Moviefone and its partner, Loews' Cineplex subsidiary. As of February 8, 2012, Fandango began providing ticketing for all AMC Theatres in the US, after which MovieTickets.com's fellow shareholders sued AMC for breach of contract. AMC and MovieTickets.com settled in 2013, with an agreement that the theater chain's online ticketing would be available on both Fandango and MovieTickets.com. In May 2012, Fandango announced a partnership with former partner of MovieTickets.com. Atom Tickets, a movie ticketing app and website, launched in 2014, has been called a "serious competitor" for Fandango. In July 2009, it was revealed that Fandango along with other websites, including buy.com and Orbitz, were linked with controversial Web loyalty
The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter is an American digital and print magazine, website, which focuses on the Hollywood film and entertainment industries. It was founded in 1930 as a daily trade paper, in 2010 switched to a weekly large-format print magazine with a revamped website. Headquartered in Los Angeles, THR is part of the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a group of properties that includes Billboard and SpinMedia, it is owned by Valence Media, a holding company co-founded by Todd Boehly, an executive of its previous owners, Guggenheim Partners and Eldridge Industries. THR was founded in 1930 by William R. "Billy" Wilkerson as Hollywood's first daily entertainment trade newspaper. The first edition appeared on September 3, 1930 and featured Wilkerson's front-page "Tradeviews" column, which became influential; the newspaper appeared Monday to Saturday for the first 10 years, except for a brief period Monday to Friday from 1940. Wilkerson ran the THR until his death in September 1962, although his final column appeared 18 months prior.
Wilkerson's wife, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel, took over as publisher and editor-in-chief when her husband died. From the late 1930s, Wilkerson used THR to push the view that the industry was a communist stronghold. In particular, he opposed the screenplay writers' trade union, the Screen Writers Guild, which he called the "Red Beachhead." In 1946 the Guild considered creating an American Authors' Authority to hold copyright for writers, instead of ownership passing to the studios. Wilkerson devoted his "Tradeviews" column to the issue on July 29, 1946, headlined "A Vote for Joe Stalin." He went to confession before publishing it, knowing the damage it would cause, but was encouraged by the priest to go ahead with it. The column contained the first industry names, including Dalton Trumbo and Howard Koch, on what became the Hollywood blacklist, known as "Billy's list." Eight of the 11 people Wilkerson named were among the "Hollywood Ten" who were blacklisted after hearings in 1947 by the House Un-American Activities Committee.
When Wilkerson died, his THR obituary said that he had "named names and card numbers and was credited with being chiefly responsible for preventing communists from becoming entrenched in Hollywood production."In 1997, THR reporter David Robb wrote a story about the newspaper's involvement, but the editor, Robert J. Dowling, declined to run it. For the blacklist's 65th anniversary in 2012, the THR published a lengthy investigative piece about Wilkerson's role, by reporters Gary Baum and Daniel Miller; the same edition carried an apology from Wilkerson's son W. R. Wilkerson III, he wrote. On April 11, 1988, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel sold the paper to BPI Communications, owned by Affiliated Publications, for $26.7 million. Robert J. Dowling became THR president in 1988, editor-in-chief and publisher in 1991. Dowling hired Alex Ben Block as editor in 1990. Block and Teri Ritzer dampened much of the sensationalism and cronyism, prominent in the paper under the Wilkersons. In 1994, BPI Communications was sold to Verenigde Nederlandse Uitgeverijen for $220 million.
After Block left, former Variety film editor, Anita Busch, became editor between 1999 and 2001. Busch was credited with making the paper competitive with Variety. Tony Uphoff assumed the publisher position in November 2005. In March 2006, a private equity consortium led by Blackstone and KKR, both with ties to the conservative movement in the United States, acquired THR along with the other assets of VNU, it joined those publications with AdWeek and A. C. Nielsen to form The Nielsen Company. In December 2009, Prometheus Global Media, a newly formed company formed by Pluribus Capital Management and Guggenheim Partners, chaired by Jimmy Finkelstein, CEO of News Communications, parent of political journal The Hill, acquired THR from Nielsen Business Media, it pledged to grow the company. Richard Beckman of Condé Nast, was appointed as CEO. In 2010, Beckman purchased THR from Guggenheim Partners and Pluribus Capital, recruited Janice Min, the former editor-in-chief of Us Weekly, to "eviscerate" the existing daily trade paper and reinvent it as a glossy, large-format weekly magazine.
The Hollywood Reporter relaunched with a weekly print edition and a revamped website that enabled it to break news. Eight months after its initial report, The New York Times took note of the many scoops THR had generated, adding that the new glossy format seemed to be succeeding with its "rarefied demographic", stating, "They managed to change the subject by going weekly... The large photos, lush paper stock and great design are a kind of narcotic here."By February 2013, the Times returned to THR, filing a report on a party for Academy Award nominees the magazine had hosted at the Los Angeles restaurant Spago. Noting the crowd of top celebrities in attendance, the Times alluded to the fact that many Hollywood insiders were now referring to THR as "the new Vanity Fair". Ad sales since Min's hiring were up more than 50%, while traffic to the magazine's website had grown by 800%. Since January 2014, The Hollywood Reporter has been led by co-presidents Janice John Amato. John Kilcullen replaced Uphoff in October 2006, as publisher of Billboard.
Kilcullen was a defendant in Billboard's infamous "dildo" lawsuit, in which he was accused of race discrimination and sexual harassment. VNU settled the suit on the courthouse steps. Kilcullen "exited" Nielsen in February 2008 "to pursue his passion as an entrepreneur." Matthew King, vice president for content and audience, editorial director Howard Burns, executive editor Peter Pryor left the paper in a wave of layoffs in December 2006.
Townes Van Zandt
John Townes Van Zandt, better known as Townes Van Zandt, was an American singer-songwriter. He wrote numerous songs, such as "Pancho and Lefty", "For the Sake of the Song", "Tecumseh Valley", "Rex's Blues", "To Live is to Fly", that are considered masterpieces of American folk music, his musical style has been described as melancholy and features-rich, poetic lyrics. During his early years, Van Zandt was respected for his guitar fingerpicking ability. In 1983, six years after Emmylou Harris had first popularized it, Willie Nelson and Merle Haggard covered his song "Pancho and Lefty", reaching number one on the Billboard country music chart. Much of Van Zandt’s life was spent touring various dive bars living in cheap motel rooms and backwood cabins. For much of the 1970s, he lived in a simple shack without a phone, his influence has been cited by countless artists across multiple genres, his music has been recorded or performed by Bob Dylan, Willie Nelson, Merle Haggard, Norah Jones, Emmylou Harris, Counting Crows, Steve Earle, Robert Earl Keen Jr. Nanci Griffith, Guy Clark, Wade Bowen, Gillian Welch, Pat Green, Colter Wall, Calvin Russell and Natalie Maines.
He suffered from a series of drug addictions and was given a psychiatric diagnosis of bipolar disorder. When he was young, the now-discredited insulin shock therapy erased much of his long-term memory. Van Zandt died on New Years Day 1997 from cardiac arrythmia caused by health problems stemming from years of substance abuse. A revival of interest in Van Zandt occurred in the 2000s. During the decade, two books, a documentary film, numerous magazine articles about the singer were written. Born in Fort Worth into a wealthy family, Van Zandt was a third-great-grandson of Isaac Van Zandt and a second great-nephew of Khleber Miller Van Zandt. Van Zandt County in east Texas was named after his family in 1848. Townes's parents were Dorothy Townes, he had two siblings and Donna. Harris was a corporate lawyer, his career required the family to move several times during the 1950s and 1960s. In 1952, the family transplanted from Fort Worth to Midland, for six months before moving to Billings, Montana. At Christmas in 1956, Townes's father gave him a guitar, which he practiced while wandering the countryside.
He would tell an interviewer that "watching Elvis Presley's October 28, 1956, performance on The Ed Sullivan Show was the starting point for me becoming a guitar player... I just thought that Elvis had all the money in the world, all the Cadillacs and all the girls, all he did was play the guitar and sing; that made a big impression on me." In 1958 the family moved to Colorado. Van Zandt would remember his time in Colorado fondly and would visit it as an adult, he would refer to Colorado in "My Proud Mountains", "Colorado Girl", "Snowin' on Raton". Townes was a good student and active in team sports. In grade school, he received a high IQ score, his parents began grooming him to become a lawyer or senator. Fearing that his family would move again, he willingly decided to attend the Shattuck School, in Faribault, Minnesota, he received a score of 1170 when he took the SAT in January 1962. His family soon moved to Texas; the University of Colorado at Boulder accepted Van Zandt as a student in 1962.
In the spring of his second year, his parents flew to Boulder to bring Townes back to Houston worried about his binge drinking and episodes of depression. They admitted him to the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, where he was diagnosed with manic depression, he received three months of insulin shock therapy. Afterwards, his mother claimed her "biggest regret in life was that she had allowed that treatment to occur". In 1965, he was accepted into the University of Houston's pre-law program. Soon after he attempted to join the Air Force, but was rejected because of a doctor's diagnosis that labelled him "an acute manic-depressive who has made minimal adjustments to life", he quit school around 1967, having been inspired by his singer-songwriter heroes to pursue a career in playing music. In 1965, Van Zandt began playing regular shows at the Jester Lounge in Houston for $10 per night. After the Jester closed, he began to perform at Sand Mountain Coffee House. In these Houston clubs, he met fellow musicians Lightning Hopkins, Guy Clark, Jerry Jeff Walker, Doc Watson.
His repertoire consisted of covers of songs written by Hopkins, Bob Dylan, others, as well as original novelty songs like "Fraternity Blues." In 1966, Harris Van Zandt had encouraged his son to write his own songs. In 1968, Van Zandt met songwriter Mickey Newbury in a Houston coffee shop. Newbury persuaded Van Zandt to go to Nashville, where he was introduced by Newbury to the man who would become his longtime producer, "Cowboy" Jack Clement. Among Van Zandt's major influences was Texas blues man Lightnin' Hopkins, whose songs were a constant part of his repertoire, he cited Bob Dylan and Hank Williams and such varied artists as Muddy Waters, The Rolling Stones, Blind Willie McTell and Jefferson Airplane as having had a major impact on his music. The years between 1968 and 1973 would prove to be Van Zandt's most prolific era, he released six albums during the time period: For the Sake of the Song, Our Mother the Mountain, Townes Van Zandt, Delta Momma Blues, Low and In Between, The Late Great Townes Van Zandt.
Among the tracks written for these albums
A biographical film, or biopic, is a film that dramatizes the life of a non-fictional or historically-based person or people. Such films show the life of a historical person and the central character's real name is used, they differ from films "based on a true story" or "historical drama films" in that they attempt to comprehensively tell a single person's life story or at least the most important years of their lives. Because the figures portrayed are actual people, whose actions and characteristics are known to the public, biopic roles are considered some of the most demanding of actors and actresses. Ben Kingsley, Johnny Depp, Jim Carrey, Jamie Foxx all gained new-found respect as dramatic actors after starring in biopics: Ben Kingsley as Mahatma Gandhi in Gandhi, Depp as Ed Wood in Ed Wood, Carrey as Andy Kaufman in Man on the Moon, Foxx as Ray Charles in Ray, Eddie Redmayne as Stephen Hawking in The Theory of Everything. In rare cases, sometimes called auto biopics, the subject of the film plays himself or herself: Jackie Robinson in The Jackie Robinson Story.
Biopic scholars include George F. Custen of the College of Staten Island and Dennis P. Bingham of Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis. Custen, in Bio/Pics: How Hollywood Constructed Public History, regards the genre as having died with the Hollywood studio era, in particular, Darryl F. Zanuck. On the other hand, Bingham's 2010 study Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre shows how it perpetuates as a codified genre using many of the same tropes used in the studio era that has followed a similar trajectory as that shown by Rick Altman in his study, Film/Genre. Bingham addresses the male biopic and the female biopic as distinct genres from each other, the former dealing with great accomplishments, the latter dealing with female victimization. Ellen Cheshire's Bio-Pics: a life in pictures examines UK/US films from the 1990s and 2000s; each chapter concludes with further viewing list. Christopher Robé has written on the gender norms that underlie the biopic in his article, "Taking Hollywood Back" in the 2009 issue of Cinema Journal.
Roger Ebert defended The Hurricane and distortions in biographical films in general, stating "those who seek the truth about a man from the film of his life might as well seek it from his loving grandmother.... The Hurricane is not a documentary but a parable." Some biopics purposely stretch the truth. Confessions of a Dangerous Mind was based on game show host Chuck Barris' debunked yet popular memoir of the same name, in which he claimed to be a CIA agent. Kafka incorporated both the surreal aspects of his fiction; the Errol Flynn film They Died with Their Boots On tells the story of Custer but is romanticized. The Oliver Stone film The Doors about Jim Morrison, was praised for the similarities between Jim Morrison and actor Val Kilmer, look-wise and singing-wise, but fans and band members did not like the way Val Kilmer portrayed Jim Morrison, a few of the scenes were completely made up. Casting can be controversial for biographical films. Casting is a balance between similarity in looks and ability to portray the characteristics of the person.
Anthony Hopkins felt that he should not have played Richard Nixon in Nixon because of a lack of resemblance between the two. The casting of John Wayne as Genghis Khan in The Conqueror was objected to because of the American Wayne being cast as the Mongol warlord. Egyptian critics criticized the casting of Louis Gossett, Jr. an African American actor, as Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in the 1982 TV miniseries Sadat. Some objected to the casting of Jennifer Lopez in Selena because she is a New York City native of Puerto Rican descent while Selena was Mexican-American; the musical biopic Bohemian Rhapsody, based on the life of Queen singer Freddie Mercury, became the highest-grossing biopic of all time in 2018. Biographical novel Biography in literature List of biographical films
Steven James Zahn is an American actor and comedian. His films include Reality Bites, That Thing You Do!, SubUrbia, Out of Sight, Texas, Riding in Cars with Boys, Shattered Glass, Rescue Dawn, the first three Diary of a Wimpy Kid movies, Dallas Buyers Club, War for the Planet of the Apes. Zahn has done voice acting in Chicken Little, Escape from Planet Earth, The Good Dinosaur, he has worked in television, including the recurring role of Davis McAlary on HBO's Treme. Zahn was born in Marshall, the son of Carleton Edward Zahn, a Lutheran minister, Zelda Clair Zahn, a bookstore clerk and a YMCA administrator, his father is of German and Swedish descent, his mother is of German ancestry. Zahn spent part of his childhood in Mankato, attending Kennedy Elementary School, moved to the suburbs of Minneapolis for high school, where he acted in school plays and became a two-time Minnesota state speech champion, he graduated from Robbinsdale Cooper High School in 1986, planning to join the United States Marine Corps.
Zahn attended Gustavus Adolphus College for one semester but dropped out after seeing the original West End production of Les Misérables. "I remember sitting through the second act thinking, I’m good as that guy standing on the barricade," Zahn recalled. "I wanted to be part of the circus." In 1987, Zahn made his professional stage debut in a Minnesota production of Neil Simon's Biloxi Blues after falsely claiming to be a member of Actors' Equity. His fellow actors suggested that Zahn study acting, inspiring him to enroll in American Repertory Theater's two-year training program. At A. R. T, he worked with the venerated stage director Andrei Șerban. In 1991, Zahn formed the Malaparte theater company with a group of actor friends, including Ethan Hawke and Robert Sean Leonard. From 1991 to 1992, he played Hugo Peabody in a national tour of Bye Bye Birdie starring Tommy Tune, subsequently appeared in two Off-Broadway plays and Eric Bogosian's Suburbia. After his breakout film role in 1994's Reality Bites, Zahn gained a reputation for playing amiable stoners and sidekicks in films such as That Thing You Do!, You've Got Mail, Out of Sight.
In the 1990s, Zahn was approached by fans who assumed that he was an archetypal Generation X slacker, not the case. He has said, "I'm the guy without an alarm clock. I was always that guy."In 1999, Zahn landed his first starring role in the critically acclaimed indie film Happy, for which he won a Special Jury Award at the Sundance Film Festival. In the wake of Happy, Zahn began playing darker, more nuanced characters, he received Oscar buzz for his role as Drew Barrymore's deadbeat ex in Riding in Cars with Boys, played the investigative journalist Adam Penenberg in Shattered Glass. A longtime Werner Herzog fan, Zahn campaigned for the role of Vietnam prisoner of war Duane W. Martin in Herzog's 2007 film Rescue Dawn. Zahn has worked in television, playing the role of Davis McClary on 36 episodes of HBO's Treme. In 2017, Zahn played Bad Ape in War for the Planet of the Apes, he researched the role by watching chimp videos on YouTube, said that the motion capture process and lengthy digital takes made Bad Ape "the most challenging acting job I’ve had".
Zahn met the author and theater artist Robyn Peterman in 1991 while they were performing in a national tour of Bye Bye Birdie. The couple married in 1994 and have two children and Audrey, they live on a 360-acre horse farm outside of Lexington, where Zahn gardens and raises horses and sheep. He and his wife run a local community theater, in which Zahn performs, he has a lake cabin near Pine City, where he enjoys tubing and fishing with his two children. Zahn is a lifelong military history buff and has said that one of his biggest regrets was turning down a role in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers. In 2007, he was awarded an honorary Ph. D in Fine Arts from Northern Kentucky University. A University of Kentucky sports fan, Zahn is seen at games and events. Steve Zahn on IMDb Steve Zahn at the Internet Off-Broadway Database