Jars of Clay
Jars of Clay is a Christian rock band from Nashville, Tennessee. They met at Greenville College in Illinois. Jars of Clay consists of Dan Haseltine on vocals, Charlie Lowell on piano and keyboards, Stephen Mason on lead guitars and Matthew Odmark on rhythm guitars. Although the band has no permanent drummer or bass guitarist, Jeremy Lutito and Gabe Ruschival of Disappointed by Candy fill these roles for live concerts. Past tour band members include Aaron Sands, Scott Savage, Joe Porter. Jars of Clay's style is a blend of alternative rock, acoustic, R&B; the band's name is derived from the New International Version's translation of 2 Corinthians 4:7: This verse is paraphrased in their song "Four Seven", which appears as a hidden track on the CD release of their self-titled album. Dan Haseltine, Steve Mason, Charlie Lowell and Matt Bronleewe formed Jars of Clay at Greenville College, in Greenville, Illinois in the early 1990s. Charlie Lowell first met Dan Haseltine after noticing that he was wearing a Toad the Wet Sprocket shirt.
Pursuing a career in music together was not their original goal. Their second guitarist Matt Odmark joined some time later. While in college playing together at local coffee houses, Jars gained a reputation for their original arrangement of "Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer", adapted to the tune of Nirvana's "Smells Like Teen Spirit". In 1994, the band submitted a demo to a talent competition run by the Gospel Music Association and were selected as finalists, they won the contest. Back in Greenville, they self-released a limited-run of the same demo, after their song of the same name; the buzz from their performance in Nashville and the demo's popularity resulted in offers from record labels, so the band decided to drop school and move to Nashville. At this time, Bronleewe left the band to settle down with his fiancée, he was replaced with Matt Odmark, Lowell's childhood friend and fellow McQuaid Jesuit High School alum. The band signed with Essential Records and started recording their first full-length studio album, Jars of Clay.
Adrian Belew, of progressive rock band King Crimson, heard the band and offered to produce, leading to him producing two songs: "Liquid" and "Flood". The band's self-titled debut released in 1995; when the single "Flood" began to climb the charts on mainstream radio stations, Silvertone Records started to promote the song, turning it into one of the biggest mainstream hits by a band on a Christian label. The album has since reached multi-platinum certification according to the RIAA. "Flood" peaked at No. 37 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No. 12 on the Billboard Modern Rock chart, was the band's only secular radio hit. The band toured in support of other Christian acts, such as PFR, aside mainstream acts like Matchbox Twenty, Duncan Sheik, Sting; this resulted in a small backlash from some Christian groups. The band released Drummer Boy, a Christmas EP entitled, at the end of 1995; the EP was re-released, on Silvertone Records, in 1997 with a different track listing on. The band's second album, Much Afraid, produced by Stephen Lipson was released in 1997.
The album sold well and went on to earn a Grammy award for "Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album". The album has since earned platinum certification by the RIAA, they released two music videos for this album for the songs "Crazy Times" and "Five Candles". In 1999, Jars of Clay released their third album, If I Left the Zoo, produced by Dennis Herring; the record earned the band their second Grammy award. It was during this time that touring drummer Scott Savage left the band's touring group to play for Jaci Velasquez and was replaced by Joe Porter. Lead radio single, "Unforgetful You", was featured on the soundtrack to the motion picture Drive Me Crazy. "Collide" was featured on the motion picture "Hometown Legend". Upon the release of If I Left the Zoo they released Front Yard Luge and after a year The White Elephant Sessions. If I Left the Zoo so far has the most singles released by Jars of Clay. In 2001, the four members of the band received honorary degrees at Greenville College. Only three of them, Haseltine and Mason, had studied at the school before dropping out in 1994 to move to Nashville.
Odmark still received an honorary degree, despite having attended the University of Rochester in upstate New York. In 2002, the band self-produced and released their fourth album, The Eleventh Hour, which earned them a Grammy award for the third album in a row; the album relied on studio musicians and the band's touring musicians to fill in for the band's lack of drummer and bass player. Concerts from the subsequent "Eleventh Hour Tour" were recorded for projects, including the release of a live concert DVD, 11Live: Jars of Clay in Concert; the double-disc Furthermore: From the Studio, From the Stage features an acoustic disc and a live disc. The acoustic disc consisted of reworked and rearranged fan favorites, two The Eleventh Hour b-sides, a cover of Adam Again's "Dig"; the latter was intended for a tribute album for Gene Eugene, who had died recently. The live disc features a recent concert recording that include songs from throughout the band's career; the band continued the acoustic and organic approach, featured on Furthermore for their fifth studio album entitled Who We Are Instead, which released on November 4, 2003.
On the album, the band revisited various styles they had used as well as experimenting with new influences, such as gospel and Nickel Creek's "newgrass" style. In early 2005, the band relea
Jason Derulo (album)
Jason Derulo is the self-titled debut studio album by American singer Jason Derulo, released on March 2, 2010. The album was produced by J. R. Rotem and features the hit singles, "Whatcha Say", which reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100. Derulo wrote songs for many successful artists from 2006 to 2009, his debut single "Whatcha Say" was released on 4 August 2009. Produced by J. R. Rotem with additional production by Fuego, it samples the Imogen Heap song "Hide and Seek". In late August 2009, the song debuted at number 54 on the US Billboard Hot 100 before peaking at number one in November 2009. Due to Derulo's sudden success, he began work on his debut album. By December 2009 the album was completed, he subsequently released the second single from his album, "In My Head", on 8 December 2009, it debuted at #63 on the US Billboard Hot 100, has since reached number five, becoming another top-ten hit for Derulo. Jason began promoting the album in late November 2009 by appearing as one of the opening acts for Lady Gaga's The Monster Ball Tour, which will end in 2011.'Ridin' Solo' sampled "Bitter Sweet Symphony" by The Verve.
"Whatcha Say" was released as the lead single from the album on 4 August 2009. The single became available for digital download on 5 May 2009, but wasn't released until 4 August; the song samples Imogen Heap's song "Hide and Seek", reached #54 on the US Billboard Hot 100 in late August 2009. It peaked at number one on the Hot 100 in mid-November 2009, which made Derulo a star internationally, as the single reached the top-ten worldwide and reached number one in many other countries as well; the music video was filmed in August 2009 and was released in September 2009, it received heavy rotation on VH1 and MTV. "In My Head" was released as the second single from the album on 8 December 2009. The single is more dance-influenced than his debut single; the single debuted at #63 on the US Hot 100 in late December 2009, has since reached number five on the Hot 100, becoming his second top-five hit in the US. Jason recorded a remix of the song with Nicki Minaj, it debuted at number one on the Australian Singles Chart on 22 February 2010 and number one on the UK Singles Chart.
"Ridin' Solo" was released as the third single from the album. The song hit US airwaves on May 11, 2010, it was released on May 31, 2010 in the UK "Ridin' Solo" peaked at number two on the UK Singles Chart and has become his third UK R&B Chart number-one single. "What If" was released as the fourth single in the UK on July 26 and as the fourth single in the US. The video premiered online on July 10. On July 18, 2010, the song debuted on the UK Singles Chart at #40 and peaked at #12 becoming his first single not to reach the top-five and miss the top-ten altogether. "The Sky's the Limit" was released to Australian radio in early October, the track debuted at #97 on the Australian ARIA Singles Chart on October 25, 2010. It peaked at #22 Jason's first single in 2011 is a duet with Beluga Heights label-mate Auburn, they put their spin on the 1980s classic by Michael Sembello, called "Maniac". Jason Derülo received mixed reviews from critics upon its release, receiving an average score of 56 out of 100, indicating'mixed or average' reviews, according to music review aggregator Metacritic.
The most positive of reviews coming from Los Angeles Times's August Brown who gave the album two and half stars out of four, praising the album for its "array of earnest trance-pop, glossy guitar rock and buttoned-down R&B." and called it "a pleasure-packed debut." He went on to praise Derulo's vocal ability for knowing "exactly when to deploy his Caribbean lilt to ramp up a song's melodrama, it's one of his best vocal tricks". AllMusic's David Jeffries was less impressed and gave the album three out of five stars criticizing the album for its "overall flow" and for only having nine tracks. Despite this Jeffries went on to praise the album for its ability to "get stuck in your head" and went on to call the album "one to admire rather than advocate", he went on to label the album's music as R&B; the most critical of reviews came from BBC Music's Mike Diver who criticized the album as a whole and called it "a deafening hollowness, an unashamed fakery akin to a dream-state where fantasy and reality have become mixed and hopelessly muddied" and "this soulless Auto-Tune-fest is one to avoid".
The album debuted at number 11 on the US Billboard 200 with 43,000 copies sold in its first week released. The album debuted at number eight on the UK Albums Chart, returned to that position in late July following the release of its fourth single "What If"; as of April 2012, the album has sold 315,000 copies in the US. Sample credits "Whatcha Say" contains elements of "Seek", performed by Imogen Heap. "The Sky's the Limit" contains elements of "Flashdance... What a Feeling", performed by Irene Cara. "Love Hangover" contains elements of "Who Can It Be Now?", performed by Men at Work. NotesThe official track listing was confirmed by Jason's official website
Freak Kitchen is an experimental rock band from Gothenburg, formed in 1992. Freak Kitchen's style of music is influenced by many genres besides the traditional heavy metal, ranging from jazz to pop; the band described their third album as "A corny little heavy-pop-rock-Latin-world-jazz-avant-garde-metal-blues-record straight from hell!". The album "Land of the Freaks", released in late October 2009, features Indian inspiration and the band is joined by the two Indian musicians V. Selvaganesh and Neyveli S Radhakrishna on several tracks; the lyrics of Freak Kitchen contain humor and criticism of capitalist society, conformity and the attitude of major labels. Frontman Mattias Eklundh has a reputation as a guitar virtuoso, acknowledged by Guitar Player Magazine for instance, live shows contain parts where Eklundh plays the guitar using several foreign objects such as a vibrating dildo. Eklundh has released four solo albums, Sensually Primitive, Freak Guitar, Freak Guitar - The Road Less Traveled and Freak Guitar: The Smorgasbord.
They co-headlined Fuel Great Indian Rock 2008 alongside Sahg and Satyricon. Their album, Cooking with Pagans, was released in 2014, with the first single, "Professional Help" released in November; the 2018 album Confusion To the Enemy contains a song with Swedish lyrics, called Så Kan Det Gå När Inte Haspen Är På Current Mattias "IA" Eklundh – vocals, guitar Christer Örtefors – bass guitar, vocals Björn Fryklund – drums Previous Christian Grönlund – bass guitar, vocals Joakim Sjöberg – drums Albums Appetizer Spanking Hour Freak Kitchen Dead Soul Men Move Organic Land of the Freaks Cooking with Pagans Confusion to the Enemy EPs Junk Tooth Official website
John Ireland (composer)
John Nicholson Ireland was an English composer and teacher of music. The majority of his output consists of songs with piano, his best-known works include the short instrumental or orchestral work "The Holy Boy", a setting of the poem "Sea Fever" by John Masefield, a much-played Piano Concerto, the hymn tune Love Unknown and the choral motet "Greater Love Hath No Man". John Ireland was born in Bowdon, near Altrincham, into a family of Scottish descent and some cultural distinction, his father, Alexander Ireland, a publisher and newspaper proprietor, was aged 69 at John's birth. John was the youngest of the five children from Alexander's second marriage, his mother, Annie Elizabeth Nicholson Ireland, was 30 years younger than Alexander. She died in October 1893, when John was 14, Alexander died the following year, when John was 15. John Ireland was described as "a self-critical, introspective man, haunted by memories of a sad childhood". Ireland entered the Royal College of Music in 1893, studying piano with Frederic Cliffe, organ, his second study, under Walter Parratt.
From 1897 he studied composition under Charles Villiers Stanford. In 1896 Ireland was appointed sub-organist at Holy Trinity, Sloane Street, London SW1, from 1904 until 1926, was organist and choirmaster at St Luke's Church, Chelsea. Ireland began to make his name in the early 1900s as a composer of songs and chamber music, his Violin Sonata No. 1 of 1909 won first prize in an international competition organised by the well-known patron of chamber music W. W. Cobbett. More successful was his Violin Sonata No. 2: completed in January 1917, he submitted this to a competition organised to assist musicians in wartime. The jury included the violinist Albert Sammons and the pianist William Murdoch, who together gave the work its first performance at Aeolian Hall in New Bond Street on 6 March that year; as Ireland recalled, "It was the first and only occasion when a British composer was lifted from relative obscurity in a single night by a work cast in a chamber-music medium." The work was enthusiastically reviewed, the publisher Winthrop Rogers offered immediate publication.
A subsequent performance of the Violin Sonata by Ireland and the violinist Désiré Defauw drew a packed audience to the Wigmore Hall in London. Ireland visited the Channel Islands and was inspired by the landscape. In 1912 he composed the piano piece The Island Spell while staying on Guernsey, his set of three pieces for piano Sarnia: An Island Sequence was written there in 1940, he was evacuated from the islands just before the German invasion during World War II. From 1923 he taught at the Royal College of Music, his pupils there included Richard Arnell, Ernest John Moeran, Benjamin Britten, composer Alan Bush, Geoffrey Bush, who subsequently edited or arranged many of Ireland's works for publication, Anthony Bernard. John Ireland was a lifelong bachelor, except for a brief interlude when, in quick succession, he married and divorced. On 17 December 1926, aged 47, he married Dorothy Phillips; this marriage was dissolved on 18 September 1928, it is believed not to have been consummated. He took a similar interest in another young student, Helen Perkin, a pianist and composer, to whom he dedicated both the Piano Concerto in E-flat major and the Legend for piano and orchestra.
She gave the premiere performance of both works, but any thoughts he had for a deeper relationship with her came to nothing when she married George Mountford Adie, a disciple of George Gurdjieff, she moved with Adie to Australia. Subsequently, Ireland withdrew the dedications. In 1947 Ireland acquired a personal assistant and companion, Mrs Norah Kirkby, who remained with him till his death. Despite these associations with women, it is clear from his private papers that his sexual proclivities lay elsewhere and many commentators support this view. On 10 September 1949, his 70th birthday was celebrated in a special Prom concert, at which his Piano Concerto was played by Eileen Joyce, the first pianist to record the concerto, in 1942. Ireland retired in 1953, settling in the hamlet of Rock in Sussex, where he lived in a converted windmill for the rest of his life, it was there he met the young pianist Alan Rowlands who would be Ireland's choice to record his complete piano music. In 1959 he declined the award of Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
He died of heart failure aged 82 at Rock Mill in Washington, is buried at St. Mary the Virgin in Shipley, near his home, his epitaph reads "Many waters cannot quench love" and "One of God's noblest works lies here." From Stanford, Ireland inherited a thorough knowledge of the music of Beethoven and other German classical composers, but as a young man he was strongly influenced by Debussy and Ravel as well as by the earlier works of Stravinsky and Bartók. From these influences, he developed his own brand of "English Impressionism", related more to French and Russian models than to the folk-song style prevailing in English music. Like most other Impressionist composers, Ireland favoured small forms and wrote neither symphonies nor operas, although his Piano Concerto is considered among his best works, his output includes some chamber music and a substantial body of piano works, including his best-known piece The Holy Boy, known in numerous arrangements. His songs to poems by A. E. Hous
Blind (2014 film)
Blind is a 2014 Norwegian drama film written and directed by Eskil Vogt. The film premiered in-competition in the World Cinema Dramatic Competition at 2014 Sundance Film Festival on 19 January 2014. Vogt received the Screenwriting Award for Blind at Sundance; the film was screened in the Panorama section of the 64th Berlin International Film Festival and was nominated for the 2014 Nordic Council Film Prize. Ellen Dorrit Petersen as Ingrid Henrik Rafaelsen as Morten Vera Vitali as Elin Blind received positive reviews upon its premiere at the 2014 Sundance Film Festival. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 97% of film critics have given the film a positive review, with an average rating of 7.8 out of 10. It has a score of 83/100 on Metacritic. Scott Foundas of Variety, said in his review that "Ace Norwegian scribe Eskil Vogt makes a sparkling directorial debut with an alternately tragic and playful tale of a blind authoress." Boyd van Hoeij in his review for The Hollywood Reporter called the film "An ambitiously constructed screenplay translates into a film that's easier to admire than to love."
William Bibbiani from CraveOnline praised the film by saying that "Blind exists as a nebulous construction shifting but centered around a lovely and funny love-quadrangle with curious characters and consistent insight. The film's curious blend of the sensual and the cerebral manages to engage when you begin to lack confidence about whether anything is happening at all." Blind on IMDb Blind at Rotten Tomatoes
Unexploded ordnance, unexploded bombs, or explosive remnants of war are explosive weapons that did not explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation, sometimes many decades after they were used or discarded. UXO does not always originate from wars. UXO from World War I continue to be a hazard, with poisonous gas filled munitions still a problem; when unwanted munitions are found, they are sometimes destroyed in controlled explosions, but accidental detonation of very old explosives occurs, sometimes with fatal results. Seventy-eight countries are contaminated by land mines, which kill 15,000–20,000 people every year while maiming countless more. 80% of casualties are civilian, with children as the most affected age group. An estimated average of 50% of deaths occurs within hours of the blast. In recent years, mines have been used as weapons of terror against local civilian populations specifically. In addition to the obvious danger of explosion, buried UXO can cause environmental contamination.
In some used military training areas, munitions-related chemicals such as explosives and perchlorate can enter soil and groundwater. Unexploded ordnance, however old, may explode. If it does not explode, environmental pollutants are released as it degrades. Recovery of deeply-buried projectiles, is difficult and hazardous—jarring may detonate the charge. Once recovered, explosives must either be detonated in place—sometimes requiring hundreds of homes to be evacuated—or transported safely to a site where they can be destroyed. Unexploded ordnance from at least as far back as the mid-19th century still poses a hazard worldwide, both in current and former combat areas and on military firing ranges. A major problem with unexploded ordnance is that over the years the detonator and main charge deteriorate making them more sensitive to disturbance, therefore more dangerous to handle. Construction work may disturb unsuspected unexploded bombs, which may explode. There are countless examples of people tampering with unexploded ordnance, many years old with fatal results.
For this reason it is universally recommended that unexploded ordnance should not be touched or handled by unqualified persons. Instead, the location should be reported to the local police so that bomb disposal or Explosive Ordnance Disposal professionals can render it safe. Although professional EOD personnel have expert knowledge and equipment, they are not immune to misfortune because of the inherent dangers: in June 2010, construction workers in Göttingen, Germany discovered an Allied 500-kilogram bomb dating from World War II buried 7 metres below the ground. German EOD experts attended the scene. Whilst residents living nearby were being evacuated and the EOD personnel were preparing to disarm the bomb, it detonated, killing three of them and injuring 6 others; the dead and injured each had over 20 years of hands-on experience, had rendered safe between 600 and 700 unexploded bombs. The bomb which killed and injured the EOD personnel was of a dangerous type because it was fitted with a delayed-action chemical fuze which had not operated as designed, but had become unstable after over 65 years underground.
The type of delayed-action fuze in the Göttingen bomb was used: a glass vial containing acetone was smashed after the bomb was released. These bombs, when striking soft earth at an angle ended their trajectory not pointing downwards, so that the acetone did not drip onto and weaken the celluloid. In November 2013 four US Marines were killed by an explosion whilst clearing unexploded ordnance from a firing range at Camp Pendleton; the exact cause is not known, but the Marines had been handing grenades they were collecting to each other, permitted but discouraged, it is thought that a grenade may have exploded after being kicked or bumped, setting off hundreds of other grenades and shells. A dramatic example of munitions and explosives of concern threat is the wreck of the SS Richard Montgomery, sunk in shallow water about 1.5 miles from the town of Sheerness and 5 miles from Southend, which still contains 1,400 tons of explosives. When the deeper World War II wreck of the Kielce, carrying a much smaller load of explosives, exploded in 1967, it produced an earth tremor measuring 4.5 on the Richter scale.
North Africa, in particular the desert areas of The Sahara, is mined and with serious consequences for the local population. Egypt is the most mined country in the world with as much as 19.7 million mines as of 2000. Land mines and other explosive remnants of war are not limited to North Africa, however. In the Tropics and floods displace and spread landmines, further aggravating the problem. In Mozambique, as much as 70% of the country is
A window blind is a type of window covering. There are many different kinds of window blinds. A typical window blind is made up of several long horizontal or vertical slats of various types of hard material, including wood, plastic or metal which are held together by cords that run through the blind slats. Window blinds can be maneuvered with either a manual or remote control by rotating them from an open position, with slats spaced out, to a closed position where slats overlap and block out most of the light. There are several types of window coverings, called shades, that use a single piece of soft material instead of slats; the term window blinds can be used to describe window coverings generically—in this context window blinds include every type of window covering, i.e. shutters, roller blinds, cellular shades, wood blinds, Roman blinds and standard vertical and horizontal blinds. In the United Kingdom, awnings are sometimes called shades; the two overall types of window blinds are ready-made blinds and made to measure.
Made-to-measure blinds are made to fit a measured window size. Ready-made blinds are manufactured in set sizes; these blinds can be classified broadly into six different categories: roller blinds, Roman blinds, pleated blinds, Venetian blinds, Shoji Japanese blinds and vertical blinds. Many window blinds are made with slats of fabric, plastic, or wood that are adjusted by being rotated from an open position to a closed position. Metal window blinds are used outside of a home or business to protect against theft, onlookers, bad weather, or fire. Horizontal blinds use a thin woven corded "ladder" system to suspend the slats and enable them to be closed or opened via a rotating drum to which each upper end of the woven ladder is wrapped and attached. A lift cord allows the blind to be pulled up and stack to top of the window when desired. One of the earliest patents for a window shade was filed by George L. Castner. Vertical blinds use a wider slat and one can pull a cord to stack the slats together, to one side, or to separate them in the centre and stack them on each end.
The slats can be rotated via a rotating shaft in the upper head rail housing, which runs through independent geared carriers that convert the twisting of a tilt rail to a rotation of each individual slat in synchrony. The original vertical blinds were invented in Kansas City, Missouri by Edward Bopp and Fredrick Bopp, who held the original patent; the company name at the time was Sun Vertical. In the 1960s, the patent and company were sold. Shoji blinds are based on Japanese'Shoji' screens and slide on a conventional panel blind track so the panels stack one-in-front of the other- they can stack to either or both sides of the window, inside or outside the recess, they are used as room dividers or wardrobe doors. The term window blinds is sometimes used, somewhat inaccurately, to describe window coverings generically—in this context window blinds include every type of window covering, including both curtains and blinds for homes and commercial premises, such as bars/pubs and shops, e.g. Plantation Shutters/Jigsaw Shutters, Roman blinds, roller blinds, vertical and horizontal blinds.
In Britain and window shutters are categorized under blinds, which are so named because they limit observation and thus “blind” the observer to the view. The main types are slat blinds which can be opened in two ways, solid blinds, which can only be raised or lowered, are sometimes called shades; some types of blinds, such as Holland blinds and woven-wood blinds, have small spaces between the slats. Others, such as pleated shades, have no spaces. Window blinds reduce the heat from sunlight. Ancient Egyptian pharaohs had blinds made of reeds; the most inexpensive blinds in the 19th century were home-made roller blinds, made of cloth. Window blinds can be manually drawn automated through motorization. Controls for motorized blinds can be from a wall switch or keypad, remote control, or computer, eliminating the need for cords and allowing control of otherwise inaccessible windows. A number of modern homes are integrating blind control with central C-Bus solutions; this control provides ease-of-use and is effective for controlling blind operation to reduce heat loss during winter or minimize heat from the sun during summer.
The most common window blinds are Persian blinds, which consist of many horizontal slats of metal or vinyl, connected with string such that they can be rotated to allow light to pass between the slats, rotated up to about 170 degrees to hide the light, or pulled up so that the entire window is clear. Vertical blinds consist of slats of stiffened fabric, plastic, or metal hanging by one end from a track. Vertical blinds are good at controlling how much natural or exterior light comes into a room, due to the ability of the slats to close tightly. A Venetian blind has one above another. Venetian blinds are basic slatted blinds made of plastic, they are suspended by strips of cloth called tapes, or by cords, by which all slats in unison can