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Frances Gabe

Frances Gabe was an American artist and inventor most well known for designing and building the Self-Cleaning House in Newberg, Oregon. She built her own model for $15,000 and it was estimated to go on the market in 1984 for about $50,000, she gained international notoriety in the 1980s for the self-cleaning house. Born in 1915 as Frances Grace Arnholtz on a ranch near Boise, she was a self-proclaimed "unusual" person, she spent much of her time alone with her building contractor father and would accompany him on jobs. It wasn't until after her divorce from Herbert Grant Bateson; the actual self-cleaning house was granted a patent from the U. S. government, along with 25 additional patents for individual inventions unique to the house totaling to 68 patents. Her psychiatrist once remarked, "You're many times over a genius; the world belongs to you, don't let anyone tell you anything different." She was once ridiculed for her invention but architects and builders now agree about it being "functional and attractive".

The Self-Cleaning House fascinated Harvard University researchers and humorist Erma Bombeck who said she should be added to Mount Rushmore while Fred Amran, the professor of creativity at University of Minnesota, called her patent "incredibly complex, the longest I've read" and the Self-Cleaning House appeared on Ripley's Believe It or Not!. The house was displayed in 2002 and 2003 at The Women's Museum in Dallas, Texas where it was a popular exhibit, she and the house were featured in People magazine in 1982,She was featured in The New York Times’ Home & Garden section in 2002, the house was featured in The Guardian and The New York Times, as well as on Phil Donahue’s talk show and in several books, including Chuck Palahniuk’s Fugitives & Refugees. She died on December 26, 2016 at the age of 101

April DeConick

April D. DeConick is the Isla Carroll and Percy E. Turner Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at Rice University in Houston, Texas, she came to Rice University as a full professor in 2006, after receiving tenure at Illinois Wesleyan University in 2004. DeConick is the author of several books in the field of Early Christian Studies and is best known for her work on the Gospel of Thomas and ancient Gnosticism. DeConick received her PhD in Near Eastern Studies at the University of Michigan in 1993, her doctoral work was focused on rereading the Gospel of Thomas as a text, composed by early second century Christians who were mystics associated with the Jewish Christian tradition from Jerusalem. It was supervised by Jarl Fossum with Gilles Quispel as her dissertation examiner. DeConick’s work on the Gospel of Thomas as an early Christian text from Syrian Christianity had a big impact on the field, rethinking the text as a reflection of early orthodox mysticism rather than Gnosticism.

DeConick is a historian of early Christian thought. Her work focuses on New Testament and pre-Nicene literature, non-canonical gospels, gnostic literature and movements and esotericism in early Christianity, new religious movements past and present, the biosocial study of religion, a theoretical point of view called post-constructivism, she is known for her original work on the Gospel of Judas, a Coptic Gnostic gospel rediscovered in 2006. Her work has been called "revisionist," challenging to seek answers beyond the conventional; when National Geographic released the first English translation of the Gospel of Judas, a second-century text discovered in Egypt in the 1970s DeConick was the first scholar who challenged the National Geographic "official" interpretation of a good Judas. She contended. Rather it represents a gospel parody about a “demon” Judas written by a particular group of Gnostic Christians known as the Sethians. DeConick published her criticisms in the New York Times and in her book called The Thirteenth Apostle: What the Gospel of Judas Really Says.

She was featured in CNN’s documentary on the Gospel of Judas that premiered in 2015 on the TV series "Finding Jesus.” DeConick is the founder and executive editor of Gnosis: Journal of Gnostic Studies and a recruiting editor for the monograph series Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies. She is active in the Society of Biblical Literature as the founding chair of the “Mysticism and Gnosticism in Antiquity Section,” and the past-chair of the Committee for the Status of Women in the Profession. DeConick organized and chaired for many years the Early Jewish and Christian Mysticism Group, she is affiliated with the North American Patristics Society, the International Association for Coptic Studies. DeConick’s book, The Gnostic New Age: How a Countercultural Spirituality Revolutionized Religion from Antiquity to Today, published by Columbia University Press in 2016, won the Figure Foundation Award for the best book published by a university press in philosophy and religion. Articles Mysticism Before Mysticism: Teaching Christian Mysticism as a Historian of Religion (in Teaching Mysticism,: 26-45.

The Great Mystery of Marriage: Sex and Conception in Ancient Valentinian Traditions The True Mysteries: Sacramentalism in the Gospel of Philip (Vigiliae Christianae 55, no. 3: 225-61. Books The Gnostic New Age: How a Countercultural Spirituality Revolutionized Religion From Antiquity to Today Holy Misogyny: Why the Sex and Gender Conflicts in the Early Church Still Matter The Thirteenth Apostle: What the Gospel of Judas Really Says The Original Gospel of Thomas in Translation: With a Commentary and New English Translation of the Complete Gospel Recovering the Original Gospel of Thomas: A History of the Gospel and its Growth Paradise Now: Essays on Early Jewish and Christian Mysticism Thomasine Traditions in Antiquity: The Social and Cultural World of the Gospel of Thomas Recovering the Original Gospel of Thomas: A History of the Gospel and Its Growth Voices of the Mystics: Early Christian Discourse in the Gospels of John and Other Ancient Christian Literature Seek to See Him: Ascent and Vision Mysticism in the Gospel of Thomas http://aprildeconick.com/

Fearless Fighters

Fearless Fighters known as Ninja Killers or A Real Man, is a 1971 Hong Kong-Taiwanese wuxia film starring Shaw Brothers Studio veteran actors Chan Hung-lit and Yik Yuen and a cast from Hong Kong and Taiwan. To Pa and several members of his Eagle Claw Fighting Clan are repulsed in their attempt to rob government gold by Chen Chen Chow, the Lightning Whipper; the clan does a second attack and is successful in getting the gold and fatally wounding the Lightning Whipper. However, Lei Peng executes a surprise move, gets the gold, plans to return it to the government, but the vengeful To Pa convinces the police that Lei Peng is the robber, Lei Peng is arrested and jailed. To Pa murders Lei Peng's entire family, with the exception of a son who escapes and is befriended by the mysterious Lady Tieh. To Pa gets the gold again and takes it to his hideout. Chen and Mu Lan, the Lighting Whipper's son and daughter, rescue Lei Peng from jail. Lady Tieh, Lei Peng, Chen and Mu Lan band together as the Fearless Fighters and go after To Pa. Chan Hung-lit as The Killer Yik Yuen as Lei Peng/Lei Pong Chang Ching-ching as Mu Lan Chiang Ming as Chen Mo Man-hung as To Pa Ma Kei as Chen Chen-chow Mo Man-ha as Lady Tieh Wong Fei-lung Kwan Hung Fearless Fighters on IMDb Fearless Fighters at Rotten Tomatoes Fearless Fighters is available for free download at the Internet Archive Fearless Fighters at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase

Five Mile Fork, Virginia

Five Mile Fork is an unincorporated community in Spotsylvania County, in the U. S. state of Virginia. Five Mile Fork is a community in Spotsylvania County five miles west of Virginia; the original development consisted of houses on Old Plank Road, Dogwood Avenue, North Dickenson Drive, Cherry Road, Wrights Lane and Harrison Road. This was a post World War II housing development for working-class residence of the area. Most of the houses in the original development were built starting in 1946 with continued construction through the 1960s. With the opening of I-95 into Washington, D. C. in 1965, the area saw increased developmental pressures. By 1980 the surrounding area was losing its rural character. Spotsylvania's population doubled from 1970 to 1980 with much of the development centered on the Route 3 corridor. There were at least three stores that served the five mile fork community over the years, Brumley's Store, Hudson's Store and Foltz's Grocery. Brumley's predates the five mile fork housing.

From 1933 through 1985 E. C. Brumley's store sat in the fork of the road; the Store was run by E. C. Brumley and his wife Vera until Vera's death in 1980; the store was run by Buck Brumbly after Vera's death. The store sold pinto beans, butter beans, lima beans, navy beans, fat back, dry goods, RC Cola, buggies and clocks; the store had a single gas pump. E. C. Brumley ran a blacksmith, turning the forge and performed farrier work; the Brumley family lived in the house behind the store. The Brumley's raised hogs, ran a slaughterhouse and held turkey shoots; the store site and home was sold in 1985 to Mt Hope Church and is at the entrance to their parking lot. Gordon Road was realigned to run behind the store location. Hudson store was at 6402 Old Plank Road, east of Brumley's; this store served as the Chancellor Post Office after 1966, Mrs. Laura Sorrell was the post master; the third store in the area was Foltz's "Five Mile Fork Grocery". This store was a frame house on Route 3 just east of Mullen's Garage.

This store was run by Evelyn Foltz. Sexton's Barber shop at 3220 Old Plank Road. Mr. Archie Sexton was the only barber shop in the area, he had two chairs in the shop. The shop was closed in the late 1970s. Archie died in 1983. In 2014, the old barber shop is being used as an appliance repair shop. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Five Mile Fork, Virginia

Electrical Trades Union (United Kingdom)

The Electrical Trades Union was a trade union representing electricians in the United Kingdom, much of its membership consisting of wiring fitters and telephone engineers. The union was founded in 1889 with the merger of the Union of Electrical Operatives, a London-based union formed in 1868, the Amalgamated Society of Telegraph and Telephone Construction Men, based in Manchester; the union had 570 members, most of whom were employees of the National Telephone Company. Its first part-time secretary, elected at the inaugural conference in 1890, was Dick Steadman; the National Telephone Company's Brighton office was known for poor working conditions and, in 1891, an ETU branch was formed there, led by Alfred Ewer. After failed negotiations, the union began a strike; the remaining strikers were sacked. In response, the union decided to appoint its first full-time general secretary, he raised concerns that the union was unable to meet its commitments to out-of-work benefits to members. The became an immediate problem with a downturn in trade the following year.

The executive decided to institute a levy of three pennies per member per week in order to make up a shortfall, but this just led to more members leaving, membership fell to only 402 in 1894. Walker was forced to resign after stealing union funds, Steadman replaced him on a temporary basis. Steadman was unable to solve the union's problems, membership reached an all-time low of 236 members at the end of 1895. Francis Sims was elected as a full-time general secretary, in a final attempt to turn its fortunes around, he undertook a tour of the UK, attempting to strengthen existing ones. While this produced mixed results, membership began to recover, a successful strike in Bolton in 1899, an agreement signed with Sheffield Town Council in 1900 further improved his reputation. However, the following year, he too was found to have embezzled union funds, leading to his imprisonment for six months. On release, he tried to set up a breakaway union, the Electrical Wiremen's Union, but this failed to grow and was disbanded in 1903.

Alfred Ewer was elected as Sims' replacement, the union joined the Federation of Engineering and Shipbuilding Trades in 1906. Ewer's time in office was marked by conflict between the London-based executive and the provincial branches, culminating in a vote in 1907 to move the head office to Manchester, he disappeared in May 1907, was found to have emigrated to Australia without informing his wife or friends, having stolen £144 of union funds. Jimmy Rowan, the union's national organiser, was elected as Ewer's replacement, he served until 1941, he and oversaw rapid growth in the union. In 1918, the union balloted its members on joining the new Amalgamated Engineering Union, but this was not approved; the early 1920s proved a difficult time for the union, Rowan negotiated a merger with the Transport and General Workers' Union, but this too was rejected by the membership. Walter Citrine was appointed as an assistant general secretary of the union in 1920, transformed its finances, making the reputation which led to his appointment as General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress.

Rowan was known for his anti-communism but, despite this, members of the Communist Party of Great Britain became prominent in the union under his leadership. In June 1961, the ETU was taken to court for "conspiracy to defraud" by the union leadership. After its leader Jock Byrne suffered a stroke, Frank Chapple became the union's leader in 1966. Unusually for a union leader at the time,Chapple espoused free-market thinking, he aimed to rid his union of communists, he was a "reluctant loyalist" to the Labour Party. The union went on to advocate nuclear power, privatisation of state-owned industries and membership of the European Union. In July 1968, the ETU merged with the Plumbing Trades Union to form the Electrical, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union; the union sponsored Labour Party candidates in several Parliamentary elections. 1890: Dick Steadman 1891: Arthur Walker 1894: Dick Steadman 1895: Francis Sims 1900: Alfred Ewer 1907: James Rowan 1941: Ernest Bussey 1948: Walter Stevens 1955: Frank Haxell 1961: Jock Byrne 1966: Frank Chapple 1890: Arthur Walker 1891: Thomas Cannon 1894: G. Montague 1896: J. Hart 1898: Joe Pearce 1899: Bill Gooday 1901: Fred O'donoghue 1904: Jack Pearce 1906: George Dibdin 1907: S. Morris 1908: Jack Ball 1931: Ernest Bussey 1941: Hugh Bolton 1945: Frank Foulkes 1962: Les Cannon Catalogue of the ETU archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick