The center, known as the five or the big man, is one of the five positions in a regular basketball game. The center is normally the tallest player on the team, and often has a deal of strength. The tallest player to ever be drafted in the NBA was the 78 Yasutaka Okayama from Japan, the tallest players to ever play in the NBA, at 77, are centers Gheorghe Mureșan and Manute Bol. Standing at 72, Margo Dydek is the tallest player to have played in the WNBA. The center is considered a component for a successful team. But recently, the NBA has turned into a point guard league, great centers have been the foundation for most of the dynasties in both the NBA and NCAA. In the 1960s, Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain further transformed basketball by combining height with a level of athleticism than previous centers. Following the retirement of George Mikan, the rivalry of the two big men came to dominate the NBA, many of the records set by these two players have endured today. Most notably and Russell hold the top eighteen season averages for rebounds, Bill Russell led the University of San Francisco to two consecutive NCAA Championships.
He joined the Boston Celtics and helped make them one of the greatest dynasties in NBA history, Russell revolutionized defensive strategy with his shot-blocking and physical man-to-man defense. His principal rival, Wilt Chamberlain, listed at 71,275 pounds, Chamberlain played college ball for the Kansas Jayhawks, leading them to the 1957 title game against the North Carolina Tar Heels. Although the Jayhawks lost by one point in overtime, Chamberlain was named the tournaments Most Outstanding Player. He won seven scoring titles, eleven rebounding titles, and four regular season Most Valuable Player awards, including the distinction, in 1960, stronger than any player of his era, he was usually capable of scoring and rebounding at will. Most notably, Chamberlain is the player in NBA history to average more than 50 points in a season. He holds the NBAs all-time records for rebounding average, rebounds in a single game, in contrast to the Celtics dynasty of the 1960s, the 1970s were a decade of parity in the NBA, with eight different champions and no back-to-back winners.
At the college level, the UCLA Bruins, under Coach John Wooden, built the greatest dynasty in NCAA basketball history, UCLA had already won two consecutive titles in 1964 and 1965 with teams that pressed and emphasized guard play. After not winning in 1966, Woodens teams changed their style when Lew Alcindor became eligible and he led UCLA to three championships-in 1967,68 and 69-while winning the first Naismith College Player of the Year Award. During his college career, the NCAA enacted a ban on dunking primarily because of Alcindors dominant use of the shot
The Cleveland Cavaliers, known as the Cavs, are an American professional basketball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Cavs compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the leagues Eastern Conference Central Division, the team began play in 1970. Many past and present top NBA players, including LeBron James, Mark Price, Brad Daugherty, the franchise has won five Central Division championships, three Eastern Conference championships, one NBA championship, and have reached the playoffs 20 times in their 46-year history. The 2016 NBA Finals victory over the Golden State Warriors marked the first time in Finals history a team had come back to win the series after trailing three games to one, the Cavaliers began play in 1970 as an expansion team. Their 46-year history has been marked by stretches of strong play and periods of poor play. In the 1970s, under the ownership of Nick Mileti, the team won its first division title in 1976 and they won Game 7, 87–85, on a shot by Snyder with four seconds to go.
Injuries, particularly an ankle injury to Chones, led to this teams demise, as the Cavaliers would lose the Eastern Conference Finals to the Boston Celtics, 4–2. It is widely believed among both Cavaliers fans and players that the Miracle team would have won the 1976 NBA Championship had Chones stayed healthy, the remainder of the 1970s were marked by early playoff losses and eventually Fitchs resignation. The early 1980s were marked by Ted Stepiens ownership, Stepien oversaw the hiring and firing of a succession of coaches and was involved in making a number of poor trade and free agent signing decisions. The ensuing chaos had an effect on both the Cavaliers on-court performance and lack of local support, losing over 50 games in three straight years. The 1981–82 and 1982–83 combined to lose 24 straight games, which at the time was the NBAs all-time longest losing streak and Gordon Gund purchased the Cavaliers from Stepien in 1983. The team was in a transition as they went through nine head coaches from 1980 to 1986, during the 1986 offseason, the Cavaliers acquired Brad Daugherty, Mark Price, Ron Harper and Larry Nance.
The Cavaliers entered into a period of decline from the mid-1990s through the early 2000s, the team appeared in the playoffs the next two years, but could not get past the first round. In the 1997 off-season, the team added Shawn Kemp and Wesley Person, as well as a class that included Derek Anderson, Cedric Henderson, Žydrūnas Ilgauskas. This team lost in the first round of the playoffs in 1998, in the early 2000s, the team added Andre Miller, Lamond Murray, Chris Mihm and Carlos Boozer, but could not make it to the playoffs. The 2002–03 season saw the Cavaliers finish 17–65, tied for the worst record in the NBA, the Cavaliers luck changed as they landed the number 1 pick in the 2003 NBA draft. With it, the team selected heralded forward and future NBA MVP LeBron James, in 2005, the team would be sold to businessman Dan Gilbert. That year, the team hired head coach Mike Brown, over the next few years, the Cavaliers built a team around James and Žydrūnas Ilgauskas by adding players including Drew Gooden, Larry Hughes, and Anderson Varajao
Basketball is a non-contact team sport played on a rectangular court by two teams of five players each. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches in diameter and 10 feet high that is mounted to a backboard at each end of the court. The game was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket being defended by the opposition team during regular play. A field goal scores three points for the team if the player shoots from behind the three-point line. A team can score via free throws, which are worth one point, the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but additional time is mandated when the score is tied at the end of regulation. The ball can be advanced on the court by passing it to a teammate and it is a violation to lift, or drag, ones pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling. The game has many techniques for displaying skill—ball-handling, passing, dunking, shot-blocking.
The point guard directs the on court action of the team, implementing the coachs game plan, Basketball is one of the worlds most popular and widely viewed sports. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague, the FIBA Basketball World Cup attracts the top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for teams, like EuroBasket. The FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup features the top womens basketball teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA, whereas the EuroLeague Women has been dominated by teams from the Russian Womens Basketball Premier League, in early December 1891, Canadian Dr. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied, after rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball and these laces could cause bounce passes and dribbling to be unpredictable.
Eventually a lace-free ball construction method was invented, and this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith, dribbling was not part of the original game except for the bounce pass to teammates. Passing the ball was the means of ball movement. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a part of the game around the 1950s
Dwight David Howard is an American professional basketball player for the Atlanta Hawks of the National Basketball Association. Howard, who plays center, had a high school career at Southwest Atlanta Christian Academy. He chose to forgo college and entered the 2004 NBA draft and he led the Magic to three division titles and one conference title, and he was the winner of the 2008 NBA Slam Dunk Contest. In the 2008 Olympics, he was the center for Team USA. He was traded to the Los Angeles Lakers in 2012, Howard was born in Atlanta, to Dwight Sr. and Sheryl Howard, and into a family with strong athletic connections. Howards mother had seven miscarriages before he was born, despite his large frame, Howard was quick and versatile enough to play the guard position. As a senior, Howard led his team to the 2004 state title and he averaged 25 points,18 rebounds,8.1 blocks and 3.5 assists per game. He was co-MVP of the McDonalds High School All-American Game that year, on January 31,2012, Howard was honored as one of the 35 greatest McDonalds All-Americans.
He took the number 12 for his jersey, in part because it was the reverse of Garnetts 21 when he played for Minnesota. Howard joined a depleted Magic squad that had finished with only 21 victories the previous season, Howard, made an immediate impact. He finished his season with an average of 12.0 ppg and 10.0 rpg. He became the youngest player in NBA history to average a double in the regular season. He became the youngest player in NBA history to average at least 10 rebounds in a season, Howards importance to the Magic was highlighted when he became the first player in NBA history directly out of high school to start all 82 games during his rookie season. For his efforts, he was selected to play in the 2005 NBA Rookie Challenge and he finished third to fellow center Emeka Okafor of the Charlotte Bobcats and guard Ben Gordon of the Chicago Bulls for the Rookie of the Year award. Howard reported to camp for his second NBA campaign having added 20 pounds of muscle during the off-season, Orlando coach Brian Hill—responsible for grooming former Magic superstar Shaquille ONeal—decided that Howard should be converted into a full-fledged center.
Hill identified two areas where Howard needed to improve, his game, and his defense. He exerted extra pressure on Howard, saying that the Magic would need him to emerge as a force in the middle before the team had a chance at the playoffs. Even though the big man played tentatively at times, he was able to build on his rookie year with an impressive sophomore season
LeBron Raymone James is an American professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association. James has won three NBA championships, four NBA Most Valuable Player Awards, three NBA Finals MVP Awards, two Olympic gold medals, an NBA scoring title, and the NBA Rookie of the Year Award. He has selected to 13 NBA All-Star teams,12 All-NBA teams, and six All-Defensive teams. James played high school basketball at St. Vincent–St, mary High School in his hometown of Akron, where he was highly promoted in the national media as a future NBA superstar. After graduating, he was selected by the Cleveland Cavaliers as the first overall pick of the 2003 NBA draft, James led Cleveland to the franchises first Finals appearance in 2007, losing to the San Antonio Spurs. In 2010, he left the Cavaliers for the Miami Heat in a highly publicized ESPN special titled The Decision, James played four seasons with the Heat, reaching the Finals all four years and winning back-to-back championships in 2012 and 2013.
In 2013, he led Miami on a 27-game winning streak, following his final season with the Heat, James opted out of his contract and returned to the Cavaliers. Off the court, James has accumulated wealth and fame from numerous endorsement contracts. His public life has been the subject of scrutiny, and he has been ranked as one of Americas most influential. He has been featured in books and television commercials and he hosted the ESPY Awards, Saturday Night Live, and appeared in the 2015 film Trainwreck. James was born on December 30,1984 in Akron, Ohio to a 16-year-old mother, Gloria Marie James, who raised James on her own. Growing up, life was often a struggle for the family, as a youth, James played Amateur Athletic Union basketball for the Northeast Ohio Shooting Stars. The team enjoyed success on a local and national level, led by James and his friends Sian Cotton, Dru Joyce III, the players were inseparable and dubbed themselves the Fab Four, promising each other that they would attend high school together.
In a move that stirred controversy, they chose to attend St. Vincent–St. Mary High School, a predominately white private Catholic school, as a freshman, James averaged 21 points and 6 rebounds per game for the St. Vincent-St. The Fighting Irish finished the year 27–0, winning the Division III state title, as a sophomore, he averaged 25.2 points and 7.2 rebounds with 5.8 assists and 3.8 steals per game. For some home games during the season, St. Vincent-St, mary played at the University of Akrons 5, 492-seat Rhodes Arena to satisfy ticket demand from alumni and college and NBA scouts who wanted to see James play. The Fighting Irish finished the season 26–1 and repeated as state champions, for his outstanding play, James was named Ohios Mr. Basketball and was selected to the USA Today All-USA First Team, becoming the first sophomore to do either
Hakeem Abdul Olajuwon, formerly known as Akeem Olajuwon, is a Nigerian-American former professional basketball player. From 1984 to 2002, he played the position in the National Basketball Association for the Houston Rockets. He led the Rockets to back-to-back NBA championships in 1994 and 1995, in 2008, he was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame, and in 2016, he was inducted into the FIBA Hall of Fame. Listed at 7 ft 0 in, Olajuwon is considered one of the greatest centers ever to play the game and he was nicknamed The Dream during his basketball career after he dunked so effortlessly that his college coach said it looked like a dream. Born in Lagos, Olajuwon traveled from his country to play for the University of Houston under head coach Guy Lewis. His college career for the Cougars included three trips to the Final Four, Olajuwon was drafted by the Houston Rockets with the first overall selection of the 1984 NBA draft, a draft that included Michael Jordan, Charles Barkley, and John Stockton.
He combined with the 7 ft 4 in Ralph Sampson to form a duo dubbed the Twin Towers, the two led the Rockets to the 1986 NBA Finals, where they lost in six games to the Boston Celtics. After Sampson was traded to the Warriors in 1988, Olajuwon became the Rockets undisputed leader and he led the league in rebounding twice and blocks three times. His Rockets won back-to-back championships against the New York Knicks, in 1996, Olajuwon was a member of the Olympic gold-medal-winning United States national team, and was selected as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History. He ended his career as the leagues leader in blocks and is one of four NBA players to record a quadruple-double. Olajuwon was born to Salim and Abike Olajuwon, working class Yoruba owners of a cement business in Lagos and he was the third of eight children. He credits his parents with instilling virtues of work and discipline into him and his siblings, They taught us to be honest, work hard, respect our elders. Olajuwon has expressed displeasure at his childhood in Nigeria being characterized as backward, Lagos is a very cosmopolitan city.
There are many ethnic groups. I grew up in an environment at schools where there were all different types of people, during his youth, Olajuwon was a soccer goalkeeper, which helped give him the footwork and agility to balance his size and strength in basketball, and contributed to his shot-blocking ability. Olajuwon did not play basketball until the age of 17, when he entered a local tournament and it has been said that a coach in Nigeria once asked him to dunk and demonstrated while standing on a chair. Olajuwon tried to stand on the chair himself, when redirected by staff not to use the chair, Hakeem could initially not dunk the basketball. Despite early struggles, Olajuwon quickly became taken into the game and that immediately I pick up the game and, you know, realize that this is the life for me. All the other sports just become obsolete, Olajuwon emigrated from Nigeria to play basketball at the University of Houston under Cougars coach Guy Lewis
David Robinson (basketball)
David Maurice Robinson is an American former professional basketball player, who played center for the San Antonio Spurs in the National Basketball Association for his entire career. Based on his service as an officer in the United States Navy. He is widely considered one of the greatest centers in both basketball and NBA history. To date, Robinson is the player from the Naval Academy to play in the NBA. David Robinson was born in Key West, the child of Ambrose. Since Robinsons father was in the Navy, the family moved many times, after his father retired from the Navy, the family settled in Woodbridge, where Robinson excelled in school and in most sports, except basketball. He was 5 feet,9 inches tall in high school, he tried his hand at basketball. Robinson attended Osbourn Park High School in Manassas, just outside Washington, by his senior year in high school he was 6 feet,6 inches tall, weighed 175 pounds, and had not played organized basketball or attended any basketball camps. When the coach added the tall senior to the team, Robinson earned all-area and all-district honors.
Robinson scored 1320 on the SAT, and chose to go to the United States Naval Academy, David Robinson is widely considered to be the best basketball player in Naval Academy history. He chose the jersey number 50 after his idol Ralph Sampson, in 1986, Robinson led Navy, a number seven seed, within a game of the Final Four before falling to Duke in the East Regional Final. Robinson played his first three years for the Midshipmen under Paul Evans and his senior season under former University of Georgia interim Head Coach Pete Herrmann. When he was admitted to the Naval Academy, two inches above the limit, but received a waiver from the Superintendent of the Academy. Robinson considered leaving the academy after his year, before incurring an obligation to serve in active duty. As a compromise, Secretary of the Navy John Lehman allowed Robinson to train for, as a result, Robinson was commissioned in the Naval Reserves and had to serve only an initial active-duty obligation for two years. After graduating from the Naval Academy, Robinson became an engineering officer at the Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay in Georgia.
He was regularly featured in recruiting materials for the service, despite the nickname Admiral, Robinsons actual rank upon fulfilling his service commitment was Lieutenant, Junior Grade. Since he had not signed a contract, NBA regulations stated that Robinson could have reentered the draft after his naval service
2004 NBA Playoffs
The 2004 NBA Playoffs was the postseason tournament of the National Basketball Associations 2003–04 season. The tournament concluded with the Eastern Conference champion Detroit Pistons defeating the Western Conference champion Los Angeles Lakers 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals, chauncey Billups was named NBA Finals MVP. As of the end of 2016 season, the Timberwolves hold the longest active streak without a playoff berth, the Indiana Pacers made the Eastern Conference Finals for the first time since their NBA Finals run in 2000, after which they significantly changed the makeup of their team. Game 2 of the series with the Pistons was pivotal, as Tayshaun Prince blocked a lay-up by Reggie Miller late in the game to preserve the victory, the 2004 playoffs was the first appearance for the Memphis Grizzlies in their 9-year history which began in Vancouver. However, they failed to win a game in their first 3 playoff appearances, before earning their first playoff game. This was the last playoff appearance for the New York Knicks until 2011, the Portland Trail Blazers and Utah Jazz missed the playoffs for the first time since 1982 and 1983, respectively.
This was the Denver Nuggets first playoff appearance since 1995, the New Orleans Hornets made their final postseason appearance as a member of the East. They would not make the playoffs again until 2008, as a member of the West and their playoff series with the Miami Heat, led by Dwyane Wade, was the last playoff series where the home team won all 7 games until 2008s Boston-Atlanta and Boston-Cleveland playoff series. 2004 was the first time in 14 years that all Texas teams made the playoffs, the Indiana Pacers clinched the best record in the NBA, and had earned home court advantage throughout the entire playoffs. This was the playoff meeting between these two teams, with the Knicks winning the first two meetings. This was the playoff meeting between these two teams, with the Pistons winning the first two meetings. In Game 1, Dwyane Wade hits the game winner with 1.3 seconds left and this was the first playoff meeting between the Heat and the New Orleans Pelicans/Hornets franchise. This was the first playoff meeting between the Pacers and the Heat and this was the third playoff meeting between these two teams, with each team winning one series apiece.
This was the playoff meeting between these two teams, with the Pistons winning the first meeting. Champion, Los Angeles Lakers This was the first playoff meeting between the Nuggets and the Timberwolves and this was the seventh playoff meeting between these two teams, with each team winning three series apiece. This was the first playoff meeting between the Grizzlies and the Spurs and this was the third playoff meeting between these two teams, with each team winning one series apiece. This was the first playoff meeting between the Timberwolves and the Kings and this was the tenth playoff meeting between these two teams, with the Lakers winning six of the first nine meetings. This was the playoff meeting between these two teams, with the Lakers winning the first meeting
Personal foul (basketball)
In basketball, a personal foul is a breach of the rules that concerns illegal personal contact with an opponent. It is the most common type of foul in basketball, a foul out occurs when a player exceeds his or her personal foul limit for a game and is disqualified from participation in the remainder of the game. Players routinely initiate illegal contact to purposely affect the play, hoping it is seen as too minor to be called a foul, the threshold is subjective and varies among officials and from game to game. Most contact fouls are not regarded as unsportsmanlike, however, a contact foul involving excessive or unjustified contact is classed as an unsportsmanlike foul Basketball has always had the concept of fouls. Running with the ball and striking it with the fist are now violations, holding the ball with the arms or body is now rare but legal. Originally, on a second foul, the player would be removed without substitution until the next successful goal. Before long, free throws were introduced, originally worth three points each, originally, any team member was allowed to shoot free throws.
In 1924, the rules were changed so that the player shot the free throws. The victim of a contact foul used to be three attempts at a free throw, and retained possession of the basketball. Now, a player fouled in the act of shooting gets as many throws as the point value of the shot he or she attempted. Personal contact does not necessarily constitute a foul, unless it gives a player an advantage or puts the opponent at a disadvantage. The cylinder extends from the floor to the ceiling, allowing the player to jump upward, a player can occupy any cylinder not already occupied by the opponent. No one else is allowed to step or reach into this cylinder, a player must not extend his limbs or bend his body in a way that is not normal. If there is a breach of this principle that places the opponent at a disadvantage, the NBA does not use the cylinder principle to judge contact, it only says that a player may not bend or reach in a position that is not normal. The elements of time and distance concern the time and distance of another person.
They apply only to players without the ball, not to the ball carrier, for example, a player cannot suddenly step in front of a sprinting player, even without invading the cylinder. Another example is when a player sets a screen directly behind a player, deciding between the two is complex, partly subjective, and often controversial. Generally, the ball-carrier committed a charge if all of the following are true, The defender was still, or moving sideways or backward but not forward, the defender took a legal guarding position before the contact, that is, one with both feet on the floor