Funen, with an area of 3,099.7 square kilometres, is the third-largest island of Denmark, after Zealand and Vendsyssel-Thy. It is the 165th-largest island in the world and it is in the central part of the country and has a population of 466,284. The main city is Odense which is connected to the sea by a seldom-used canal, the citys shipyard, Odense Steel Shipyard, has been relocated outside Odense proper. Funen belongs administratively to the Region of Southern Denmark, from 1970 to 2006 the island formed the biggest part of Funen County, which included the islands of Langeland, Ærø, Tåsinge, and a number of smaller islands. Funen is linked to Zealand, Denmarks largest island, by the Great Belt Bridge which carries both trains and cars, two bridges connect Funen to the Danish mainland, Jutland. The Old Little Belt Bridge was constructed in the 1930s shortly before World War II for both cars and trains, the New Little Belt Bridge, a suspension bridge, was constructed in the 1970s and is used for cars only.
Apart from the city, all major towns are located in coastal areas. Beginning in the north-east of the island and moving clockwise, they are Kerteminde, Svendborg, Fåborg, Middelfart, the highest natural point on Funen is Frøbjerg Bavnehøj. Broholm Egeskov Castle Fynske Livregiment Horne Church Hvedholm Castle Korshavn, Denmark Skrøbelev Gods The Funen Village Funen brachteate in the collections of the National Museum of Denmark, official tourist information site for Funen
Odense Steel Shipyard
Odense Steel Shipyard was a Danish shipbuilding company located in Odense. It was best known for building ships for its parent group, A. P. Moller – Maersk Group. The global financial crisis led to Maersk announcing its closure in 2009, the first yard was opened in 1918–1919 by the A. P. Møller company. A new yard with bigger and better facilities was constructed 1957–1959 on a new site located in Munkebo a few kilometres outside Odense proper. Odense Steel Shipyard was the largest yard within the Odense Steel Shipyard Group, the yard was known for designing and building innovative vessels that applied the newest technology in design and equipment. Since 1996 the Yard built some of the worlds largest container ships, including the Mærsk E-class with a capacity of 15,550 TEU. However, Maersk chose Daewoo to build its latest and largest design, because of the innovative products developed at Odense Steel Shipyard Ltd. the company was widely recognized as an influential voice in the shipbuilding community.
The original shipyard remained in operation until 1966, when all operations were transferred to the new site, unlike the modern shipyard, the old yard produced civilian and merchant vessels only. Its first completed ship was cargo steamship Robert Mærsk, completed in 1920 and its last production was Yard No. 177, the bulk carrier Laura Mærsk, the new shipyard originally had two building docks, No. I and II, allowing the construction of tankers of up to 100,000 tonnes deadweight, the yard was enlarged in 1967 to include a new very large building dock, No. III, and an 800-ton,95 metre tall,148.5 metre span gantry crane, the largest construction planned on the yard was two 500,000 DWT tankers, but this order was cancelled. From the 1960s until 1977, the only constructed oil tankers as well as bulk carriers. The first RO-RO ship was built in 1979, and the first container ship in 1980, in December 1992, the yard completed the worlds first 300,000 DWT double-hull tanker. In January 1996 they delivered its first Post-Panamax container ship, on 3 December 1999 the gantry crane collapsed after a hurricane in the building dock and damaged the ship No.170 Cornelius Mærsk, which was nonetheless was repaired and delivered two months later.
MAN Takraf of Leipzig, delivered a new 1,000 ton,110 metre tall gantry crane in April 2001, the last newbuild from Lindø was No.714 Niels Juel, a frigate for the Royal Danish Navy, which was delivered in January 2012. After the closure of the yard in 2012, the site has been transformed to a park housing a large number of companies within the offshore sector. Most companies work with production and discharge of large components for offshore and heavy industries
Ansgars Church is a church in Odense, within the Diocese of Funen. Completed in 1902, it was the first church built in the city since the Middle Ages, built on granite foundation, the late Romanesque style in red brick is to a design by Niels Jacobsen. Its features include a cross-shaped interior and a spired bell-tower measuring 45 metres, there are three mural paintings, the 1902 work is a decoration on vault rubs, the 1917 frescoes are in the parish hall, and the 1935-36 frescoes are round the altar niche
Fyn Power Station
The Fyn Power Station is a coal and municipal waste-fired power station operated by Vattenfall in Odense, Denmark. It has eight units, three of which were operating as of 2010, unit 3, unit 7, and unit 8. Unit 3 has a power of 235 MW, unit 7 of 362 MW, unit 8 of 35 MW biomass), unit 7 has a 235 metres tall chimney, which is the second-tallest in Denmark, unit 3 a 141 metres tall chimney. List of power stations in Denmark Fyn Power Station Fyn Power Station
Odense City Hall
Odense City Hall houses the administrative offices of Odense Municipality in the city of Odense on the Danish island of Funen. Todays building was designed by Johan Daniel Herholdt and Carl Lendorf in the Historicist style, completed in 1885, tts red masonry bears sandstone decorations, stepped gables and a saw-tooth course. It stands on the site of a building from 1480. In 1937, Bent Helveg-Møller won the competition for the buildings enlargement, the tower over the main entrance was torn down in 1942 but was not rebuilt. As work was delayed during the war, the extension was not completed until 1955
Region of Southern Denmark
At the same time, smaller municipalities were merged into larger units, cutting the number of municipalities from 271 before 1 January 2006 to 98. The regional capital is Vejle but Odense is the regions largest city and home to the campus of the University of Southern Denmark with branch campuses in Esbjerg, Kolding. Region of Southern Denmark is the westernmost of the Danish administrative regions and it consists of the former counties of Funen and South Jutland, adding ten municipalities from the former Vejle County. The territories formerly belonging to Vejle County consist of the new municipalities of Fredericia, Vejle, a total of 78 municipalities were combined to a total of 22 new entities. The GDP per inhabitants of this region raised 32.600 € in 2009, University of Southern Denmark Media related to Region Syddanmark at Wikimedia Commons Region of Southern Denmarks homepage
Odense Station is the main railway station serving the city of Odense, Denmark. Situated as a station on the Copenhagen–Fredericia/Taulov line, it is the terminus of the Svendborgbanen railway line between Odense and Svendborg. The first station in Odense, now demolished, opened in 1865 as the line across the island of Funen was completed. The current station building opened in 1995, the current station building is Odenses third, having opened on 15 September 1995. The first one, now demolished, opened in 1865 with the rest of the line across Funen. The Danish Railway Museum is located in the roundhouse immediately north of Odense station
Municipalities of Denmark
Denmark is divided into five regions, which contain 98 municipalities. This structure was established per an administrative reform, effective Monday 1 January 2007 which replaced the counties with five regions, the 270 municipalities were consolidated into 98 larger units, most of which have at least 20,000 inhabitants. The reason was to give the new municipalities greater financial and professional sustainability, many of the responsibilities of the former counties were taken over by the enlarged municipalities. Presented in a report put forward as a proposal by the government in April 2004, the report on the structural reform of the public sector was first presented 9 January 2004 by the commission which was set up by the government 1 October 2002. The archipelago of Ertholmene is not part of any municipality, but is administered by the Ministry of Defence, the existing coat of arms of the municipalities. The average land area of a Danish municipality is 432.59 km2,167.08 square miles, the Constitution of Denmark states, Article 82.
The right of municipalities to manage their own affairs independently, under State supervision,2,522 municipal councillors were elected on Tuesday 15 November 2005 being the first councils elected since the new reform. The number of councillors was reduced to 2,468 in the 2009 elections, in 1997 there were 4,685 municipal and 374 county councillors in the 275 municipalities and 14 counties. As an example of the reduction in the number of councillors, Bornholm had a total of 122 councillors in five municipalities, after the merger on 1 January 2003, of the five municipalities and the county, there was one single municipal council with 27 municipal councillors. These guidelines replaced the old guidelines with the elections in 2005 after the laws initiating the structural reform were passed in parliament. Council elections are held on the third Tuesday of November every four years, the previous were held on 19 November 2013 and the next are due to be held on 21 November 2017. 32 municipalities including those of the recently formed Ærø Municipality and Bornholm Regional Municipality remained unchanged and were not merged with other municipalities, copenhagen County was not included in the municipal reform of 1 April 1970.
This is probably because the municipality was extremely populous. Thus the number of municipalities was 277 from 1 April 1970 to 1 April 1974, the reform is called The municipal reform of 1970, because the decisive changes happened 1 April 1970, when 1098 municipalities were reduced to 277. Also on 1 April 1974, Avedøre, which was part of Glostrup Municipality, was conjoined with Hvidovre Municipality and this combination was logical, as Avedøre bordered Hvidovre, but was separated from Glostrup. This brought the number of municipalities down to 271 from 1 January 2003, the final agreement from 2005 included more parties. Until 1978 the fiscal year from 1 April to 31 March was in use in the sector since a law was passed in 1849. As a consequence of a law passed by the Folketing in 1976, many reforms and laws passed prior to 1979 therefore have effect from 1 April
Odense is the third-largest city in Denmark. It has a population of 175,245 as of January 2016, by road, Odense is located 45 kilometres north of Svendborg,144 kilometres to the south of Aarhus and 167 kilometres to the southwest of Copenhagen. Odense has close associations with Hans Christian Andersen who is remembered above all for his fairy tales and he was born in the city in 1805 and spent his childhood years there. There has been settlement in the Odense area for over 4,000 years, although the name was not mentioned in writing until 988. Canute IV of Denmark, generally considered to be the last Viking king, was murdered by peasants in Odenses St Albans Priory on 10 July 1086. Although the city was burned in 1249 following a royal rivalry, in 1865, one of the largest railway terminals in Denmark was built, further increasing the population and commerce, and by 1900, Odense had reached a population of 35,000. Odenses Odinstårnet was one of the tallest towers in Europe when built in 1935 but was destroyed by the Nazis during World War II, the University of Southern Denmark was established in 1966.
In the present day, Odense remains the hub of Funen. Several major industries are located in the city including the Albani Brewery and GASA, Denmarks major dealer in vegetables and flowers. In sports, Odense has a number of clubs including OB, BM, B1909, and B1913, the Odense Bulldogs professional ice hockey team. Odense is served by Hans Christian Andersen Airport and Odense station, Odense is one of Denmarks oldest cities. Archaeological excavations in the vicinity show proof of settlement for over 4,000 years since at least the Stone Age, the earliest community was centred on the higher ground between the Odense River to the south and Naesbyhoved Lake to the north. Nonnebakken, one of Denmarks former Viking ring fortresses, lay to the south of the river, Odenses Møntergården Museum has many artefacts related to the early Viking history in the Odense area. The Vikings built numerous fortifications along the banks to defend it against invaders coming in from the coast. The first church in Odense appears to have been St Marys, the territory, previously part of the vast Archbishopric of Hamburg, was created a Catholic diocese in 988.
The first recorded bishops of Odense were Odinkar Hvide and Reginbert, recent excavations have shown that from the early 11th century, the town developed in the area around Albani Torv, Fisketorvet and Vestergade. By 1070, Odense had already grown into a city of stature in Denmark, the priory no longer exists, although a church has been situated on the site since about 900. At the beginning of the 12th century, Benedictine monks from England founded St Canutes Abbey and it was here the English monk Ælnoth wrote Denmarks first literary work, Vita et Passio S. Canuti
Hans Christian Andersen Airport
Hans Christian Andersen Airport is a small airport serving the Danish city of Odense. It is located in the village of Beldringe, some 9 km north-northwest of the city, the airstrip was constructed for military purposes in the early 1940s during the German occupation of Denmark. Passenger numbers from the airport fell significantly after the Great Belt Fixed Link was opened in 1998, effective 1 January 2007, the airport is owned by Odense and Kerteminde municipalities. In 2000, a joint venture was established with Plane Station Denmark A/S for operating the facility, the arrangement was terminated with politicians citing the low number of flights from the facility, and operations were resumed by the county and municipalities. In 2006, flights commenced between Odense and northern Italy and in 2007, a route operated from Odense to Nîmes, there were flights to Burgas but these were cancelled by Hemus Air citing that the airstrip was too short. Tyrkiet Eksperten cancelled a scheduled route to Turkey citing the same concern, in 2007, the airstrip was extended to 2,000 meters.
Media related to Odense Airport at Wikimedia Commons Official website Airport information for EKOD at World Aero Data, Data current as of October 2006