Nightwing is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character has appeared in various incarnations, with the Nightwing identity most prominently being adopted by Dick Grayson when he moved on from his role as Batman's vigilante partner Robin. Although Nightwing is associated with Batman, the title and concept have origins in classic Superman stories; the original Nightwing in DC Comics was an identity assumed by alien superhero Superman when stranded on the Kryptonian city of Kandor with his pal Jimmy Olsen. Drawing inspiration from Batman and Robin, the two protect Kandor as the superheroes Nightwing and Flamebird. Following the Crisis on Infinite Earths continuity reboot in 1985, Nightwing was re-imagined as a legendary vigilante from Krypton whose story inspires Dick Grayson's choice of name when he leaves behind his Robin identity. Other stories set among the Batman family of characters have seen acquaintances and friends of Richard John "Dick" Grayson assume the title, including his fellow Robin alumnus Jason Todd.
Meanwhile, Superman stories have seen Superman's adopted son Chris Kent and Power Girl take up the name for brief turns as Nightwing. Various other characters have taken the name in stories set outside DC's main continuity as well, at times the role has been unoccupied, such as when Dick Grayson operated as Batman and after faking his death. Nightwing book. In 2013, Nightwing placed 5th on IGN's Top 25 Heroes of DC Comics and Grayson as Nightwing was ranked the #1 Sexiest Male Character in Comics by ComicsAlliance in 2013. Nightwing is first depicted in the story "Superman in Kandor" in Superman #158, it is an alias used by Superman in pre-Crisis stories. The story is set in Kandor, a Kryptonian city, shrunken and preserved in a bottle by Brainiac. In Kandor, Superman has no superpowers, is branded an outlaw there due to a misunderstanding. To disguise themselves and Jimmy Olsen create vigilante identities inspired by Batman and Robin; because neither bats nor robins lived on Krypton, Superman chooses the names of two birds owned by his Kandorian friend Nor-Kan: Nightwing for himself, Flamebird for Jimmy.
Nightwing and Flamebird rename Nor-Kan's underground laboratory as the "Nightcave", use it as their secret headquarters. They convert Nor-Kan's automobile into their "Nightmobile", use "jet-belts" to fly into battle. In Jimmy Olsen #69, "The Dynamic Duo of Kandor" introduces Nightwing's dog Nighthound. In "The Feud Between Batman and Superman" in World's Finest #143, Batman and Robin themselves visit Kandor with Superman and Olsen and the two Dynamic Duos team up. In Superman Family #183, Superman's look-alike second cousin Van-Zee and his niece's husband Ak-Var take up the Nightwing and Flamebird identities; the vigilantes take on crime in their city as had Olsen before them. Both Nightwing and Flamebird team up with Batman and Robin for an adventure in Kandor that proves important to the young Dick Grayson; when Dick gives up his role as Robin in 1984, he recalls the Kandorian adventure and renames himself Nightwing, in homage to both Batman and Superman. After the events of the Crisis on Infinite Earths re-boot of the DC Universe, Superman no longer has knowledge of Kandor.
Post-Crisis, there is a different originator of the Nightwing identity. Several hundred years before the birth of Kal-El, there was a Kryptonian man, cast out from his family and decided to take on crime as the vigilante Nightwing; when Superman tells Dick Grayson of this story, Dick takes the name for himself. Dick Grayson became Nightwing. Grayson's Flamebird was Bette Kane, he was featured in a Nightwing series from 1995 to 2009. Grayson's Nightwing costume was a high-tech suit specially designed for his high-flying acrobatic style, his gauntlets and boots each contained eight compartments. They had a self-destruct feature built into them, similar to the ones in Batman's utility belt, and, as another security measure, the suit contained a one-use-only taser charge, which automatically emitted a high-voltage electrical shock when someone attempted to tamper with either the boots or gauntlets; each gauntlet's sections could contain a wide array of equipment, such as sonic or smoke pellets, modified batarangs, knockout gas capsules, throwable tracers, a sedative-tipped dart launcher.
The right gauntlet was equipped with a 100,000-volt stun gun. Like the gauntlets, his boot compartments could carry vital equipment such as flares, a rebreather as protection against any airborne non-contact toxins, a mini-computer equipped with fax, modem, GPS, a minidisk re-writable drive. Other items were lock picks, a first-aid kit, a mini-cellphone, flexi-cuffs, antitoxin assortment, wireless listening devices, a small flashlight. After coming to New York, Dick added a black utility belt to his costume, eliminating the need for his boots and gauntlets. Held in spring-loaded pouches in the back of his costume, Dick carried a pair of eskrima clubs made from an unbreakable polymer that were wielded as both offensive and defensive weapons; some depictions display these tools with the mechanism to shoot a grappling hook attached to a swing line, while, in other instances, they can act as "line guns" similar to the ones Batman uses. The clubs could be thrown with such skill by Grayson that they would ricochet off walls and objects to hit multiple targets
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. since 1967. DC Comics is one of the largest and oldest American comic book companies, produces material featuring numerous culturally iconic heroic characters including: Superman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern,Aquaman,Martian Manhunter, Green Arrow, Hawkman and Supergirl. Most of their material takes place in the fictional DC Universe, which features teams such as the Justice League, the Justice Society of America, the Suicide Squad, the Teen Titans, well-known villains such as The Joker, Lex Luthor, Darkseid, Brainiac, Black Adam, Ra's al Ghul and Deathstroke; the company has published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials "DC" came from the company's popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman's debut and subsequently became part of the company's name.
In Manhattan at 432 Fourth Avenue, the DC Comics offices have been located at 480 and 575 Lexington Avenue. DC had its headquarters at 1700 Broadway, Midtown Manhattan, New York City, but it was announced in October 2013 that DC Entertainment would relocate its headquarters from New York to Burbank, California in April 2015. Random House distributes DC Comics' books to the bookstore market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its longtime major competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2017. Entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934; the company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a cover date of February 1935. The company's second title, New Comics #1, appeared in a size close to what would become comic books' standard during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books, with larger dimensions than today's.
That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, becoming one of the longest-running comic-book series. In 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the future creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult, the earliest DC Comics character to still be in the DC Universe. Wheeler-Nicholson's third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936 premiered three months late with a March 1937 cover date; the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By however, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone. In 1937, in debt to printing-plant owner and magazine distributor Harry Donenfeld—who published pulp magazines and operated as a principal in the magazine distributorship Independent News—Wheeler-Nicholson had to take Donenfeld on as a partner in order to publish Detective Comics #1. Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfeld's accountant, listed as owners.
Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, he was forced out. Shortly afterwards, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, the premiere of which introduced Superman. Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as "superheroes"—proved a sales hit; the company introduced such other popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. On February 22, 2010, a copy of Action Comics #1 sold at an auction from an anonymous seller to an anonymous buyer for $1 million, besting the $317,000 record for a comic book set by a different copy, in lesser condition, the previous year. National Allied Publications soon merged with Detective Comics, Inc. forming National Comics Publications on September 30, 1946. National Comics Publications absorbed an affiliated concern, Max Gaines' and Liebowitz' All-American Publications.
In the same year Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, EC Comics. At that point, "Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics... Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, their affiliated firms into a single corporate entity, National Periodical Publications". National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. Despite the official names "National Comics" and "National Periodical Publications", the company began branding itself as "Superman-DC" as early as 1940, the company became known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name in 1977; the company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics' Wonder Man, which Fox started as a copy of Superman. This extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics' top-selling character.
Faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1953 and ceased publishing comics. Years Fawcett sold the rights for Captain Marvel to DC—which in 1972 revived Captain Marvel in the new title Shazam
Flamebird is the name used by six different fictional comic book characters who have appeared in books published by DC Comics from the Superman and Batman mythos. The primary character to use the Flamebird name is Bette Kane, the pre-Crisis hero Bat-Girl. However, the original pre-Crisis Flamebird was Jimmy Olsen, succeeded by a Kandorian scientist. Post-Crisis a Kryptonian hero used the name Flamebird, in a "One Year Later" storyline, so has Kara Zor-El. Flamebird characters are often associated with characters who use the name Nightwing. In pre-Crisis continuity, Flamebird was an alias used by Jimmy Olsen in adventures shared with Superman in the city of Kandor, a Kryptonian city, shrunken and preserved in a bottle. In Kandor, Superman was branded an outlaw due to a misunderstanding. To protect themselves and Jimmy created vigilante identities inspired by Batman and Robin. At one point and Flamebird teamed up with their inspirations and Robin, for an adventure in Kandor which would prove important to the young Robin.
In Superman #166, the imaginary sons of Superman go to Kandor, take on the Flamebird/Nightwing personas in order to combat a Kandorian villain by the name of Gann Artar, after finding the costumes used by their father and Jimmy Olsen. While in Kandor and Flamebird met Van-Zee, a Kandorian scientist who looked strikingly similar to Superman. At one point, Van-Zee himself donned the Nightwing costume. After Superman and Jimmy's departure from Kandor, Van-Zee took up the role of Nightwing full-time. Ak-Var, Van-Zee's lab assistant and husband of his niece Thara assumed the mantle of Flamebird; the two shared several distinct adventures, once teaming up with Jimmy. For a brief time in the 1970s, the young costumed adventurer Betty Kane had joined a west coast version of the Teen Titans, Titans West, under her original moniker of "Bat-Girl". After the Crisis on Infinite Earths, "Bat-Girl" did not exist. Secret Origins Annual #3 established the official post-Crisis history of Titans West. Instead of Betty Kane as Bat-Girl, fans were introduced to a similar character called Mary Elizabeth "Bette" Kane known as Flamebird.
Nightwing Secret Files #1 tells the post-Crisis tale of how Dick Grayson became Nightwing, but retroactively erases the notion that Superman and Jimmy Olsen held the titles of Nightwing or Flamebird, respectively. The connection between Bette Kane's "Flamebird" and Grayson's "Nightwing" was conjectural until 2001's Superman: The Man of Steel #111, wherein Superman and Lois Lane travel to a version of the Kryptonian past and assume the names themselves; this once again associated Superman with the roles directly, he revealed to Lois that he had indeed related tales of both Kryptonian legends to Dick and Bette. In Supergirl #6, Kara Zor-El has assumed the Flamebird identity to fight crime in the city of Kandor, along with Power Girl as Nightwing. In 2008, "Superman: New Krypton" has Superman coming to terms with the death of his adoptive father while dealing with 100,000 Kryptonians now living on Earth as a result of the Brainiac story arc. At the end of the fourth issue of the arc, a new Nightwing and Flamebird appear to stop two of General Zod's followers from releasing the Kryptonian General from his Phantom Zone imprisonment.
While guarding the projector in order to prevent any Zod loyalists from freeing him from the Phantom Zone, both Flamebird and Nightwing exhibited powers that are not inherent to normal Kryptonians, Flamebird shooting fire from her hands and Nightwing employing telekinesis to dismantle his attackers' weapons. Furthermore, unlike in previous portrayals, Flamebird appears to be the dominant partner, it is revealed that her real name is Thara Ak-Var, chief of security for New Krypton, whom Alura blames for Zor-El's death. Thara apparently freed Chris Kent from the Phantom Zone, making him the new Nightwing. Thara's name is a reference to his wife; the Flamebird identity is based on a mythical Kryptonian creature, whose existence is intertwined with that of its partner beast, the Nightwing. Thara possesses a connection to the Flamebird, having had dreams and visions involving the creature for most of her life. Following the events of Infinite Crisis, it is revealed that Bette is the cousin of current Batwoman, Kate Kane.
In Detective Comics #856, Bette moves to Gotham City to enroll in Gotham University. She encounters her cousin at a party thrown for the Gotham City Police Department, attempts to chat her up, only to be blown off. According to Kate's father, Bette likes spending time with her. Bette is kidnapped by a crazed serial killer known as the Cutter, awakens bound and gagged in his workshop; the Cutter plans on removing Bette's ears as part of a plan to create a perfect woman through the use of stolen body parts. Batwoman accidentally reveals her identity. At the end of the story, Bette is seen in her Flamebird outfit, telling Kate that she wants to become her new partner. Kate agrees to train Bette, gives her a capeless grey military outfit and the codename Plebe. Kate puts an end to their mentor-student relationship in an attempt to keep Bette from harm, but is unable to stop Bette from being critically wounded. Shortly after her recovery, Bette adopts the codename Hawkfire. Flamebird first appeared in issue #50 of Teen Titans Go as a
Supergirl (TV series)
Supergirl is an American superhero action-adventure television series developed by Ali Adler, Greg Berlanti and Andrew Kreisberg that aired on CBS and premiered on October 26, 2015. It is based on the DC Comics character Supergirl, created by Otto Binder and Al Plastino, stars Melissa Benoist in the title role. Supergirl is a costumed superheroine, Superman's cousin and one of the last surviving Kryptonians; the series is set in the Arrowverse, sharing continuity with the other television series of the franchise. The series was picked up on May 6, 2015, after receiving a series commitment in September 2014, received a full season order on November 30, 2015. Since the second season, ordered in May 2016, the series has aired on The CW; the show has received positive reviews from critics, who have praised the creative direction, the themes addressed. In April 2018, The CW renewed the series for a fourth season, which premiered on October 14, 2018. In January 2019, the series was renewed for a fifth season.
Kara Zor-El was sent to Earth from Krypton as Alura. Krypton was exploding, Kara's parents sent Kara in a spacecraft to Earth after her cousin. Kara was meant to protect her infant cousin Kal-El, but her spacecraft was knocked off course and forced into the Phantom Zone, where it stayed for 24 years. By the time the spacecraft crash landed on Earth, Kal-El had become Superman; the series begins eleven years when the now 24-year-old Kara is learning to embrace her powers and has adopted the superheroic alias "Supergirl". In the first season, Kara is forced to reveal her powers, becomes National City's protector. Kara discovers that hundreds of the criminals her mother imprisoned are hiding on Earth, including her aunt Astra and Astra's husband Non. Kara works with her adoptive sister Alex Danvers to fight these criminals, alongside the Green Martian J'onn J'onzz, her cousin's friend James Olsen, tech genius Winn Schott, Jr. In the second season and her allies deal with feuds between Earth's native populace and extraterrestrial community, investigate the shadowy organization Project Cadmus, masterminded by Lillian Luthor, mother of Lex Luthor.
At the same time, Kara befriends Lillian's stepdaughter Lena Luthor, the new CEO of LuthorCorp, struggles with romantic feelings for recent Earth arrival Mon-El, a princely survivor from Krypton's neighboring planet Daxam whose parents wish to reclaim him. James becomes the masked streetfighting vigilante Guardian. In the third season, Kara struggles with the loss of Mon-El; when Mon-El returns, he reveals that he has time-traveled to the 31st century and founded the Legion, alongside marrying Imra Ardeen. J'onn discovers his father M'yrnn J'onzz is alive and Alex deals with her heartbreak after breaking up with Maggie. Kara and Alex's new friend, Samantha Arias, is unknowingly another Kryptonian survivor, begins a transformation from a loving single mother into the world-killing weapon known as Reign, who serves a coven headed by Selena. In the fourth season, Kara deals with a new wave of anti-extraterrestrial bigotry instigated by Agent Liberty and Lex Luthor's accomplices Mercy and Otis Graves, forcing her to fight for civil and political rights.
In the nation of Kasnia, a duplicate of Kara is being trained by its military to fight Supergirl as part of a complex scheme orchestrated by Lex Luthor, who has manipulated recent events from behind the scenes. Kara and Alex rival with the DEO's new addition, Col. Lauren Haley, sent to monitor the DEO's progress under Alex's direction. Col. Haley and the President try to force Supergirl to reveal her identity, clash with her and Alex when she refuses. Melissa Benoist as Kara Danvers / Kara Zor-El / Supergirl: A 24-year-old Kryptonian living in National City, who must embrace her powers after hiding them, she assists her adoptive sister as part of the Department of Extra-Normal Operations as she discovered the truth that her adoptive father worked for the DEO so they would not take her, while Alex's co-workers at the DEO help her perfect her powers. Kara worked as Cat Grant's assistant at CatCo. Benoist expressed her excitement over portraying the character, being able to " a story about a human being realizing their potential and their strength".
At the end of season one, Kara was promoted by Cat and became a junior reporter at the beginning of season two. Malina Weissman and Izabela Vidovic portray a young Kara. Mehcad Brooks as James Olsen: A former Daily Planet photographer, James moved to National City and became the new art director for his former colleague, Cat Grant, at CatCo Worldwide Media, he is a potential love interest for Kara. Among his reasons for moving across the country are his breakup with his fiancée, Lucy Lane, keeping an eye on the newly revealed Supergirl for Superman. While working at the Daily Planet, James received the Pulitzer Prize for taking the first photograph of Superman. In the second season, James becomes Guardian, he becomes the acting CEO of CatCo after Cat Grant takes a leave of absence. Chyler Leigh as Alex Danvers: Kara's human adoptive sister, she is a scientist and government agent who serves as Hank Henshaw's right-hand at the DEO. Having been extensively trained in combat by Henshaw, Alex in turn provides rigorous training to Kara in order to decrease her over-reliance on her powers.
She and Kara grow suspicious of the DEO upon learning that their missing father was forced to work there in order
JLA/Avengers is a comic book limited series and crossover published in prestige format by DC Comics and Marvel Comics from September 2003 to March 2004. The series was written with art by George Pérez; the series features the two companies' teams of superheroes, DC Comics' Justice League of America and Marvel's Avengers. In 1979, DC and Marvel agreed to co-publish a crossover series involving the two teams, to be written by Gerry Conway and drawn by George Pérez; the plot of the original crossover was a time travel story involving Marvel's Kang the Conqueror and DC's Lord of Time. Writer/editor Roy Thomas was hired to script the book, based on Conway's plot, although work had begun on the series in 1981 and it was scheduled for publication in May 1983, editorial disputes - instigated by Marvel Editor-In-Chief Jim Shooter - prevented the story from being completed; the failure of the JLA/Avengers book caused the cancellation of a planned sequel to the 1982 The Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans crossover.
An agreement was reached between the two companies in 2002, with a new story to be written by Kurt Busiek and drawn by George Pérez. In a joint panel at WonderCon 2000, Busiek and Mark Waid stated they had nearly come to an agreement to begin the crossover within the regular issues of the respective titles but the two companies could not come to a business arrangement; when the series was approved, Waid was unavailable due to an exclusive commitment with company CrossGen, Busiek became the sole writer on the project. Perez had an exclusive commitment with CrossGen, but had a clause written into his contract allowing him to do the series if and when it was approved; the series was reprinted by DC Comics in 2004 as a two-volume collector's edition hardcover, re-released as a trade paperback in November 2008. As of 2019, it is the most recent crossover between Marvel. Krona, an exiled Oan, travels across the Multiverse and destroys universes seeking the truth of creation; when he arrives in the Marvel Universe, the Grandmaster, wanting to save his universe, proposes that they play a game.
If Krona wins, the Grandmaster will lead him to a being, Galactus, in that universe who has witnessed creation. If he loses, Krona has to spare the Grandmaster’s universe. Before choosing the players to participate in this game, Krona demands to swap champions, so the Grandmaster’s longtime adversaries, the Avengers, will represent Krona, the Justice League, from Krona's home universe, will fight for the Grandmaster; this means. The Grandmaster informs the Justice League that to save their universe, they have to gather 12 items of power, six from each universe, while his ally Metron tells the Avengers that they have to do the same to prevent the world being destroyed; the six items from the DC Universe are the Spear of Destiny. The six items from the Marvel Universe are the Ultimate Nullifier; the Justice League travels to the Marvel Universe and are dismayed by the Avengers' failure to improve their Earth's condition. When the Avengers visit the DC Universe, they are surprised by the "futuristic" architecture of its Earth's cities and the honors that the Justice League and other native heroes receive for their deeds.
As a result, they become convinced that the Leaguers are fascists who demand that civilians worship them. Various Leaguers and Avengers travel across the two universes and fight each other to retrieve the artifacts of power. A final battle for the Cosmic Cube takes place in the Marvel Universe’s Savage Land. After a climactic, back-and-forth battle, Quicksilver claims the Cosmic Cube. At that moment and the Grandmaster arrive on the scene, with the latter observing and commenting that the score is at 6-6; however and Captain America—who together investigated the cause of the contest and discovered its true nature and stakes—arrive. Captain America purposely throws his shield and knocks the Cube from Quicksilver's hands, allowing Batman to catch it. With Captain America's forfeiture of the Cosmic Cube, the Grandmaster now announces the Justice League as the victors, with the final score now being 7-5. However, Krona is unwilling to accept defeat, attacks the Grandmaster, forcing the identity of Galactus from him.
He summons Galactus and tries to extract information about the origin of the universe. The Grandmaster uses the power of the artifacts and merges both universes together before Krona can tear Galactus apart. Reality is altered such that the Justice League and Avengers are now longtime allies travelling between worlds to fight various threats. In addition, long-dead JLA members Barry Allen and Green Lantern Hal Jordan have reappeared. But, the universes are incompatible with one another and begin destroying themselves and each other, with people switching between worlds. One side effect of this is that Captain America become irritable and short-tempered; the appearance of a spectral Krona helps the heroes remember some of the contest, they fi
Lois Lane is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, she first appeared in Action Comics #1. Lois is an award-winning journalist for the Metropolis newspaper the Daily Planet and the primary love interest of the superhero Superman and his alter-ego Clark Kent. In DC continuity, she is his wife and the mother of their son, Jonathan Samuel Kent, the current Superboy in the DC Universe. Lois' physical appearance was based on Joanne Carter, a model hired by Joe Shuster. For her character, Jerry Siegel was inspired by actress Glenda Farrell's portrayal of the fictional reporter Torchy Blane in a series of films. Siegel took her name from actress Lola Lane, she was influenced by the real-life journalist Nellie Bly. Depictions of the character have varied spanning the comics and other media adaptations; the original Golden Age version of Lois Lane, as well as versions of her from the 1970s onwards, portrays Lois as a tough-as-nails journalist and intellectually equal to Superman.
During the Silver Age of Comics, she was the star of Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane, a comic book series that had a light and humorous tone. Beginning in 2015, she is the protagonist in the young adult novel series, Lois Lane, by writer Gwenda Bond. Lois is among the best-known female comic book characters, she has appeared in various media adaptations. Actress Noel Neill first portrayed Lois Lane in the 1940s Superman film series and reprised her role in the 1950s television series Adventures of Superman, replacing Phyllis Coates from season two. Margot Kidder played the character in four Superman films in the 1970s and 1980s, Kate Bosworth in the 2006 film Superman Returns, Amy Adams in the DC Extended Universe. In the 1990s television series, she was portrayed by Teri Hatcher in Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman and Erica Durance in the 2000s series, Smallville. Most Elizabeth Tulloch appeared as Lois in the Arrowverse television series. Actresses who have voiced Lois in animated adaptations include Joan Alexander in the Fleischer Superman cartoons and Dana Delany in Superman: The Animated Series, among others.
Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster first conceived Lois Lane in 1934, when they were still developing Superman. One of the major influence on Lois' characterization was actress Glenda Farrell and her portrayal of the fictional reporter Torchy Blane in a series of Warner Bros. films. The Torchy Blane movies were popular second features during the 1930s. On the conception of Lois Lane, Jerry Siegel stated in the 1988 Time magazine: My wife Joanne was Joe's original art model for Superman's girlfriend Lois Lane back in the 1930s. Our heroine was, of course. What inspired me in the creation was Glenda Farrell, the movie star who portrayed Torchy Blane, a gutsy, beautiful headline-hunting reporter, in a series of exciting motion pictures; because the name of the actress Lola Lane appealed to me, I called my character Lois Lane. Strangely, the characterization of Lois is amazingly like the real-life personality of my lovely wife. Joe Shuster based Lois' physical appearance on a model name Joanne Carter. Carter had placed an ad in the Cleveland Plain Dealer newspaper in the Situation Wanted column, advertising herself as a model.
Shuster hired her as the model for Lois Lane. Shuster's depiction of Lois was modeled on facial features. "To me she was Lois Lane. She was a great inspiration for me, though, she encouraged me, she was enthusiastic about the strip. Shuster said about Joanne Carter. Joanne Carter married co-creator Jerry Siegel in 1948. On working with Joe Shuster for Lois Lane, Carter said in the 1983 Nemo magazine interview: "Joe was redrawing the strip, it was going to be more realistic, rather than cartoony. I used to model for him every Saturday, he made so many stock drawings. We became such good friends by that time we decided we would always stay friends." Lois Lane made her debut in Action Comics #1 the first published Superman story, was one of the first female comic book characters introduced in the superhero comics. Lois is the daughter of Ella and Sam Lane, in earlier comics, her parents were farmers in a town called Pittsdale; the modern comics depicts Lois as a former Army brat, born at Ramstein Air Base with Lois having been trained by her father, a US Army General, in areas such as hand-to-hand combat and the use of firearms.
She has her sister Lucy Lane. Lois is a journalist for the Daily Planet, one of the best investigative reporters and the best at the newspaper she works at. In some stories, she has been shown obtaining superpowers and becoming a superhero, some of her superhero identities are Superwoman and Red Tornado of Earth 2. Aspects of Lois' personality have varied over the years, depending on the comic book writers handling of the character and American social attitudes toward women at the time. In most incarnations, she is shown to be an independent person, smart and strong-willed, her physical appearance has varied over the years, depending either on contemporary fashion or media adaptations. In the 1990s, when the television series Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman began airing Lois received a haircut that made her look more like actress Teri Hatcher, her eyes were violet to match her character on Superman: The Animated Series. From the late 1980s through the 1990s she was depicted with auburn hair in the comic books.
In the 1940s, Lois had a newspaper comic strip, Lois Lane, Girl Reporter, a direct spin-off o
Superboy is the name of several fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. These characters have been featured in five Superboy comic book series, along with other series, such as Adventure Comics and various series featuring teenage superhero groups. Superboy has appeared in various animated and live-action television series. There have been three major incarnations of the character: the young Superman; the first Superboy was Superman as a boy, acting as a superhero in Smallville, where Kal-El lives under his secret identity, Clark Kent. The character was featured in several series from the 1940s until the 1980s, appearing in Adventure Comics and two eponymous series and The New Adventures of Superboy, he developed a mythos and supporting cast of his own, including foster parents Ma and Pa Kent, love interest Lana Lang, time traveling allies the Legion of Super-Heroes. When DC Comics rewrote much of its continuity in 1986, Superman's history was changed so that he never took a costumed identity until adulthood, erasing Superboy from the canonical history of Superman, although many aspects of the backstory created in the Superboy comics, such as Clark's friendship with Lana Lang, remained.
In the last several years, some additional features of Superboy's history, such as his tenure in the Legion of Super-Heroes, have been reintroduced into the story of Superman's youth. The character was adapted into a Superboy television series, which spawned another, short-lived Superboy comic series. A teenage Clark Kent secretly using his powers in heroic acts appeared in the successful TV series Smallville. In 1993, DC introduced a modernized Superboy, a teenage clone, ostensibly of Superman but including human DNA. Superboy becomes known by a Kryptonian name, Kon-El, as Conner Kent, his secret identity as Clark's cousin. Superboy was featured in his own eponymous series from 1994 until 2002, in several series devoted to teenage superhero groups. Conner made his television debut on Smallville, he is featured in the animated series Young Justice. Conner was featured in DC's relaunch of Adventure Comics in 2009, got his own series again in November 2010, which ran until August 2011. A revised version of Kon-El, complete with a new origin, debuted in a Superboy series as part of DC's New 52 launch in September 2011.
In 2016, a new Superboy, Jonathan Samuel Kent, was introduced by DC Comics. Unlike previous versions, this version is the son of Lois Lane. Since 2017, he has co-starred with Robin in the Super Sons comic books. Due to DC Comics’ complex Multiverse, several other versions have appeared over time, with the most notable being the mentally unstable Superboy-Prime, a parallel world-version of Kal-El; the original pitch for a "Superboy" character was made by Jerry Siegel in November 1938. The idea was turned down by Detective Comics, Inc. and the publisher again rejected a second, more detailed pitch by Siegel two years later. Siegel's conception of Superboy was that of a comical prankster, editor Mort Weisinger felt this would have cheapened Superman's image and presented a bad role model for younger readers. After the appeal of kid superheroes had been demonstrated by the success of Robin the Boy Wonder and similar characters, Detective Comics reversed itself in late 1944 and started publishing a Superboy feature, in an effort to expand the Superman franchise by presenting a version of the character to whom younger readers could relate.
Superboy first appeared in More Fun Comics #101. Though Joe Shuster supplied the art, the Superboy feature was published without the input or approval of Jerry Siegel, serving in World War II; this fact increased an already-growing rift between Siegel and Shuster. In early 1946, Superboy moved to Adventure Comics, where he debuted in issue #103 as the lead feature for the anthology comic, he remained the headlining feature for over 200 issues. Stories in Adventure Comics treat Superboy as a junior version of Superman. To that end, he wears the Superman costume and his alter ego Clark Kent wears glasses as a disguise for his civilian identity. Superboy is the superhero of Clark's hometown of Smallville and grows up under the guidance of his foster parents, Ma and Pa Kent. Superboy's adventures in Adventure Comics include the story of how he was reunited with his pet superdog, Krypto; the popular Legion spun off from Superboy into its own feature, which debuted in Adventure Comics #300. The feature soon dominated the comic and forced out original Superboy features, with the last new Superboy story appearing in #315.
Superboy continued to appear in the comic in reprinted stories and as a member of the Legion until the Legion's final issue, Adventure Comics #380. Four years after his debut, Superboy became only the sixth DC superhero to receive his own comic book when Superboy #1 was published; the series became the first new DC superhero title to succeed since World War II. Superboy saw the debuts of the first Superbaby story, of Clark's two closest friends: Lana Lang, who serves as a romantic interest for Superboy. Other notable stories to appear in Superboy include the story of the first Bizarro and the first appear