Gilbert "Gilby" J. Clarke is an American musician, singer and record producer best known for a 3-year tenure as the rhythm guitarist of Guns N' Roses, replacing Izzy Stradlin in 1991 during the Use Your Illusion Tour. Following his departure from the group, Clarke went on to forge a solo career as well playing guitar with Slash's Snakepit, Kat Men, Nancy Sinatra, Kathy Valentine, MC5 and forming his own group Rock Star Supernova with members of Metallica and Mötley Crüe. Clarke's production work includes albums by L. A. Guns and Octane, The Bronx and Vains of Jenna. Gilby Clarke started his musical career during the first half of the Eighties, replacing Candy's original guitarist, Geoff Siegel, who played with the Nymphs. Gilby replaced the band's lead vocalist and penned several unreleased fan favorites including, "Dance America", he left them to form Kill for Thrills, a metal band which released the EP Commercial Suicide and the LP Dynamite from Nightmareland and before disbanding. Kill for Thrills was a supergroup of sorts with Jason Nesmith on Guitar, Todd Muscat of seminal L.
A. Punk band Decry, on Bass and later with Junkyard after Kill for Thrills. Muscat is the brother of Brent Muscat. All members have deep roots in the Los Angeles rock scene. Following rhythm guitarist Izzy Stradlin's decision to abruptly quit the band, during Use Your Illusion Tour in 1991, citing a combination of Axl Rose's personal behavior and his mismanagement of the band and difficulties being around Slash, McKagan due to his new-found sobriety and their continuing alcohol and substance addictions, Clarke was chosen as his replacement, playing out the rest of gigs of the tour which lasted until 1993, his first show with the band was December 5, 1991 in Worcester, MA, USA. During many shows throughout the tour, Rose introduced Clarke and had him play "Wild Horses", a Rolling Stones cover with Slash. On November 23, 1993, Guns N' Roses released a collection of punk and glam rock covers entitled "The Spaghetti Incident?" where many of the tracks were recorded with original Guns N' Roses guitarist Izzy Stradlin during the Use Your Illusion I and II sessions and were re-recorded by Clarke.
Gilby Clarke's contract was not renewed and he was gone from the band by 1995. Slash stated in his book that Rose fired Clarke without consulting anyone, claiming he was only a "hired hand". Clarke was not involved in the recording of'Sympathy for the Devil', stating "I knew that, the ending because nobody told me about it. I was in the band at that time, they did that song without me". Clarke mentioned that before the final show of the Use Your Illusion Tour, Rose came up to him and told him "Hey, enjoy your last show". Clarke sued the band over the use of his likeness in Guns N' Roses Pinball. Clarke's only other appearances on a Guns N' Roses release would be on the live and compilation albums Live Era'87–'93 and Greatest Hits. Clarke is featured on Guns N' Roses video releases Use Your Illusion I, Use Your Illusion II and Welcome to the Videos. Following the end of the Use Your Illusion Tour in 1993, Guns N' Roses guitarist Slash began recording demos of material that he had written during the tour, at his home studio with bandmate Matt Sorum.
Clarke and Alice in Chains bassist Mike Inez soon started to come around to jam with them. They recorded twelve demo songs. Eric Dover, live guitarist for Jellyfish auditioned to become the group's singer. Slash and Dover wrote the lyrics for all the tracks, except "Monkey Chow", contributed by Clarke and "Jizz da Pit", an instrumental written by both Slash and Inez; the album was released by Geffen Records in February 1995 charting at No. 70 on the Billboard 200. For the tour in support of the album, James LoMenzo and Brian Tichy, both members of Zakk Wylde's solo band, joined the band to replace Inez and Sorum who could not tour with the group due to other commitments. With Guns N' Roses regrouping to record a new album, Snakepit disbanded with Clarke resuming his solo career, releasing his second album The Hangover in 1997. In 1994, he released his debut solo album Pawnshop Guitars on Virgin Records which featured contributions from several of his close friends. Ryan Roxie on guitar, Will Effertz on Bass and Marc Danzeisen Drums and backing vocals including all the members of Guns N' Roses.
It went gold in Argentina. Since he has released another three solo albums, The Hangover, Rubber and 2002's Swag as well as the live album 99 Live, he formed the band Col. Parker with ex-Stray Cat Slim Jim Phantom and former touring additional GN'R keyboardist Teddy "Zig Zag" Andreadis, releasing the album Rock N Roll Music in 2001. In addition, he made a guest appearance on the L. A. Guns album Shrinking Violet, which he produced. Clarke produced The Bronx's self-titled album released in 2003 and Girlsplayboys debut album From Ritual to Romance in 2006, L. A. Guns' 2001 album Man in the Moon. In 2002 Clarke worked with Nancy Sinatra on her album California Girl and a year joined Heart on their national tour. In 2006, Mötley Crüe drummer, Tommy Lee, formed Supernova with Clarke on guitars and former Metallica bassist Jason Newsted; the band used. Lukas Rossi was chosen as their lead singer. Clarke embarked on a solo tour across Europe; the name Supernova however was taken.
Pawnshop Guitars (album)
Pawnshop Guitars is the debut solo album by the former Guns N' Roses guitarist Gilby Clarke, released in 1994 via Virgin Records. The album was produced by session guitarist Waddy Wachtel, along with all the then-current or former members of Guns N' Roses, it features contributions from Pixies vocalist Frank Black, guitarist Ryan Roxie and then-Skid Row drummer Rob Affuso among others. All songs by Gilby Clarke, unless otherwise stated. "Cure Me... Or Kill Me..." – 4:56 "Black" – 4:21 "Tijuana Jail" – 5:08 "Skin & Bones" – 3:17 "Johanna's Chopper" – 4:08 "Let's Get Lost" – 3:31 "Pawn Shop Guitars" – 3:51 "Dead Flowers" – 4:13 "Jail Guitar Doors" – 3:10 "Hunting Dogs" – 3:15 "Shut Up" – 3:58 "West Of The Sunset" – 3:17 Gilby Clarke – vocals, piano, sitarAdditional musiciansAxl Rose – vocals, background vocals on "Dead Flowers", piano Slash – lead guitar on "Cure Me... Or Kill Me..." and "Tijuana Jail" Duff McKagan – bass on "Jail Guitar Doors" Matt Sorum – drums Dizzy Reed – mellotron, hammond organ, calliope Jo Almeida – guitar Frank Black – guitars, background vocals on "Jail Guitar Doors" Ryan Roxie – guitars Waddy Wachtel – guitars, producer Teddy Andreadis – hammond organ Will Effertz – bass Jonathan Daniel – bass Rob Affuso – drums, percussion Marc Danzeisen – drums, background vocals Eric Skodis – drums, background vocals, jaw harp John Schubert – drums Roberta Freeman – background vocals Joel Derouin – fiddle Dean Clark – cowbell "Link".
Official Gilby Clarke website. Retrieved 8 December 2005
Guns N' Roses
Guns N' Roses abbreviated as GNR, is an American hard rock band from Los Angeles, formed in 1985. When they signed to Geffen Records in 1986, the band comprised vocalist Axl Rose, lead guitarist Slash, rhythm guitarist Izzy Stradlin, bassist Duff McKagan, drummer Steven Adler; the current lineup consists of Rose, Slash, McKagan, keyboardist Dizzy Reed, guitarist Richard Fortus, drummer Frank Ferrer and keyboardist Melissa Reese. Guns N' Roses' debut album, Appetite for Destruction, reached number one on the Billboard 200 a year after its release, on the strength of the Top 10 singles "Welcome to the Jungle", "Paradise City", "Sweet Child o' Mine", the band's only single to reach number one on the Billboard Hot 100; the album has sold 30 million copies worldwide, including 18 million units in the United States, making it the country's bestselling debut album and eleventh-bestselling album. Their next studio album, G N' R Lies, reached number two on the Billboard 200, sold ten million copies worldwide, included the Top 5 hit "Patience".
Use Your Illusion I and Use Your Illusion II, recorded and released in 1991, debuted at number two and number one on the Billboard 200 and have sold a combined 35 million copies worldwide, including 14 million units in the United States. The Illusion albums included the lead single "You Could Be Mine", covers of "Live and Let Die" and "Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door", a trilogy of ballads, which featured notably high-budget music videos; the Illusion records were supported by the extensive Use Your Illusion Tour, a world tour that lasted from 1991-1993. "The Spaghetti Incident?", an album of covers, was the band's last studio album to feature Slash and McKagan. Work on a follow up album stalled due to creative differences between band members. After a more than a decade of work and several lineup changes, Guns N' Roses's long-awaited sixth studio album Chinese Democracy, was released. At an estimated $14 million in production costs, it is the most expensive rock album in history, it debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, but undersold industry expectations despite positive critical reception.
Slash and McKagan rejoined the band in 2016 for the Not in This Lifetime... Tour, which became the second-highest-grossing concert tour on record, grossing over $562 million by December 2018. In their early years, the band's hedonism and rebelliousness drew comparisons to the early Rolling Stones and earned them the nickname "the most dangerous band in the world." The band's classic lineup, along with members Reed and drummer Matt Sorum, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012, its first year of eligibility. Guns N' Roses have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, including 45 million in the United States, making them the 41st-bestselling artist in history. In 1984, Hollywood Rose member Izzy Stradlin was living with L. A. Guns member Tracii Guns; when L. A. Guns needed a new vocalist, Stradlin suggested Hollywood Rose singer Axl Rose. Months Guns N' Roses was formed in March 1985 by Rose, rhythm guitarist Stradlin, along with L. A. Guns founders lead drummer Rob Gardner and bassist Ole Beich.
The band coined its name by combining the names of both previous groups. Rejected names for the band included "Heads of Amazon" and "AIDS", their first show, promoted as "L. A. Guns and Hollywood Rose presents Guns N Roses", was on March 26, 1985. After this show, Beich was replaced by Duff McKagan. Around this time, the band planned to release an EP with "Don't Cry", a cover of "Heartbreak Hotel", "Think About You" and "Anything Goes". However, plans for the release fell through, as Guns left the band after an argument with Rose leading to his replacement by Rose and Stradlin's one-time Hollywood Rose bandmate, Slash. Gardner was replaced by another former Hollywood Rose member, Steven Adler. Slash had previously played with McKagan and Adler in Road Crew; the band's "classic" lineup was finalized on June 4, 1985 when Adler and Slash joined. After two days of rehearsals, the band played their first show with the lineup on June 6, 1985. Two days the band embarked on a short, disorganized tour of the West Coast, from Sacramento, California, to McKagan's hometown of Seattle, Washington.
The band drove in a separate van and had to abandon their gear when both vans broke down on the way to Seattle, forcing them to hitch-hike up the coast and back home to LA with only their guitars. The so-called "Hell Tour" settled the band's first stable lineup, with McKagan commenting, "This trip had set a new benchmark for what we were capable of, what we could and would put ourselves through to achieve our goals as a band."Through the band's increasing presence on the Hollywood club scene – playing famed bars such as The Troubadour and The Roxy – Guns N' Roses drew the attention of major record labels. The group signed with Geffen Records in March 1986, they had turned down an offer from Chrysalis Records, nearly double Geffen's, due to Chrysalis wanting to change the band's image and sound and Geffen offering full artistic freedom. In December of that year, the group released the four-song EP Live?!*@ Like a Suicide, designed to keep interest in the band alive while the group withdrew from the club scene to work in the studio.
The EP release was designed to sooth over the label, who felt the band didn't have enough songs to record an album. The EP contained covers of Ro
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Ryan Roxie is an American guitarist, singer/songwriter best known as a solo artist and for his guitar work with Alice Cooper and Slash's Snakepit.. Roxie was born in Sacramento and grew up in the East Bay in Pleasanton. Ryan's father, used to play trumpet and his mother was a drummer in her high school marching band. Around age five Roxie was more interested in drums, it wasn't until he was around twelve that he started taking guitar seriously. Roxie learned to play guitar from an old record player and invented his own form of scratching, going through many records in the process, picking out guitar parts, he was influenced by albums like Van Halen and has had many guitar heroes including Brian May from Queen, Steve Stevens, Elliot Easton from The Cars, Neil Geraldo from Pat Benatar and Rick Nielsen of Cheap Trick. Candy were a band featuring original members Kyle Vincent, Jonathan Daniel, John Schubert, guitarist Geoff Siegel. Gilby Clarke replaced Siegel after 6 months, they had an album release in 1985 titled.
That year, Gilby Clarke replaced Kyle Vincent as lead vocalist, guitarist Roxie joined the lineup. After Gilby parted to form his own band Kill for Thrills the rest of the guys joined up with new lead vocalist Shane and became the Electric Angels. Roxie formed Electric Angels with Jonathan Daniel and drummer John Schubert, they moved to New York. The show they are signed at is opening for Dogs D'amour and Mother Love Bone and their self-titled album is released in 1990 produced by Tony Visconti; the band works on a second album to be called New York Times but is dropped by Atlantic before it is released. Between'94 and'96 Roxie worked with various artists, he provided guitar on Gilby Clarke's albums, Pawnshop Guitars, The Hangover and Rubber. Roxie lent his guitar styling to the un-credited work with Tal Bachman. Roxie's guitar work is displayed on the hit single. Roxie played guitar on James Michael's Inhale release as well. In 2000 Roxie wrote and recorded on Slash's Snakepit's second album Ain't Life Grand.
In 1997 Roxie joined up with long-time friends drummer Mike Fasano and bassist Will Effertz and created the band Dad's Porno Mag. After Effertz left, guitarist Keri Kelli and bassist Stefan Adika joined; the album was released on Wax-Tone Records. This item was re-released in 2000 from Robinson Records. Produced by Jim Mitchell of Ugly Kid Joe fame and Mark Schulman with additional production by Alex Woltman and friend Gilby Clarke; the album has fourteen tracks and one special hidden track entitled "My Bad Knee" on track 77. It is available at this site: Roxie began working with Alice Cooper in 1996 after a few good words were put in for him by Gilby and a shady character known as'Bobby from Mates' while proving himself in an audition, he was offered a'one year tour' playing with Alice. His first show with the Cooper band was at Sammy Hagar's Cabo Wabo club in Cabo San Lucas. In 1999, Roxie formed GlamNation under the alias Peter Kensington, a Glam cover band that played covers of early glam bands such as The Sweet, David Bowie, Queen, T.
Rex and Gary Glitter the band played a number of shows in L. A. in 1999 with a regular spot at The Gig and a show in Scandinavia in 2000. A live CD was made but is yet to be released; the band consisted of the following musicians playing under their GlamNation Aliases, Peter Kensington – guitars, Doyle Harris – drums & vocals, J. C. Jackson - vocals & guitars, Yashiya – bass, Ricky Lemons – keyboards. There was a line-up change for 2000 with Dr. Midnight – keyboards, replacing Derek Sherinian. With the exception of Stefan Adika the other members formed part of the band for the Alice Cooper, Brutal Planet Tour and without Teddy Andreadis went on to co-write and record the 2003 Alice Cooper release The Eyes of Alice Cooper. In 2000 Roxie recorded his first studio album with Brutal Planet. Through 2000 to 2005 Roxie collaborated with Cooper on several albums including Dragontown, The Eyes of Alice Cooper and Dirty Diamonds, co-writing a number of songs on the latter two albums. In March 2012 it was announced that Ryan Roxie was rejoining the Alice Cooper band for the forthcoming 2012 tour.
He will be joining Tommy Henriksen and Orianthi on guitar, Chuck Garric on bass and Glen Sobel on drums. R77 formed in 2002 and wrote a songs whose influences lie somewhere in between the Beatles and the Beastie Boys, they played the usual suspect clubs around the L. A. area for the next year, recorded their debut CD. Roxie 77's 11-song debut album, Love & Armageddon, was released under the small indie Wax-Tone Records label; the spectrum of music and song subject matter span from acting like a punk-ass kid to facing the reality of having a kid. Two Sides to Every Story, was released in July 2009; the band added a downloadable song every week, with 24 songs in all. Each song is an acoustic version. In 2014 Roxie 77 released The Ameriswede; this is a unique release out on Bellyache Records and is available in a package that includes vinyl, CD, digital download. The album's two sides include an "American side", mixed by Tommy Henriksen, a "Swedish side", mixed by Jon Bordon with a more garage-indie sound.
Roxie has recorded two albums with the Stockholm-based, Casablanca: Apocalyptic Youth and Riding a Black Swan
Gilby Clarke (album)
Gilby Clarke is a best of album by former Guns N' Roses guitarist Gilby Clarke, released in 2007. All songs by Clarke unless otherwise stated. "Cure Me... Or Kill Me..." – 4:56 "Tijuana Jail" – 5:08 "Skin & Bones" – 3:17 "Alien" – 2:48 "I'm Nobody" – 3:00 "Judgement Day" – 3:51 "Motorcycle Cowboys" – 4:14 "Wasn't Yesterday Great" – 2:45 "It's Good Enough for Rock N' Roll" – 3:12 "Punk Rock Pollution" – 2:29 "Kilroy Was Here" – 2:55 "Bourbon Street Blues" – 2:33 "Monkey Chow" – 4:54 "Dropping Out" "Can't Get That Stuff" "Black" "Cure Me... Or Kill Me..." – 4:58 "Tijuana Jail" – 5:09 "Black" - 3:01 "Skin & Bones" – 3:19 "Wasn't Yesterday Great" – 2:48 "It's Good Enough for Rock N' Roll" – 3:14 "Punk Rock Pollution" – 2:31 "Kilroy Was Here" – 2:57 "Bourbon Street Blues" – 2:30 "Can't Get That Stuff" - 3:13 "Dropping Out" - 3:12 "I'm Nobody" – 2:49 "Alien" – 3:24 "Judgement Day" – 3:44
An extended play record referred to as an EP, is a musical recording that contains more tracks than a single, but is unqualified as an album or LP. Contemporary EPs contain a minimum of three tracks and maximum of six tracks, are considered "less expensive and time-consuming" for an artist to produce than an album. An EP referred to specific types of vinyl records other than 78 rpm standard play and LP, but it is now applied to mid-length CDs and downloads as well. Ricardo Baca of The Denver Post said, "EPs—originally extended-play'single' releases that are shorter than traditional albums—have long been popular with punk and indie bands." In the United Kingdom, the Official Chart Company defines a boundary between EP and album classification at 25 minutes of maximum length and no more than four tracks. EPs were released in various sizes in different eras; the earliest multi-track records, issued around 1919 by Grey Gull Records, were vertically cut 78 rpm discs known as "2-in-1" records. These had finer than usual grooves, like Edison Disc Records.
By 1949, when the 45 rpm single and 331⁄3 rpm LP were competing formats, seven-inch 45 rpm singles had a maximum playing time of only about four minutes per side. As an attempt to compete with the LP introduced in 1948 by rival Columbia, RCA Victor introduced "Extended Play" 45s during 1952, their narrower grooves, achieved by lowering the cutting levels and sound compression optionally, enabled them to hold up to 7.5 minutes per side—but still be played by a standard 45 rpm phonograph. These were 10-inch LPs split onto two seven-inch EPs or 12-inch LPs split onto three seven-inch EPs, either sold separately or together in gatefold covers; this practice became much less common with the advent of triple-speed-available phonographs. Some classical music albums released at the beginning of the LP era were distributed as EP albums—notably, the seven operas that Arturo Toscanini conducted on radio between 1944 and 1954; these opera EPs broadcast on the NBC Radio network and manufactured by RCA, which owned the NBC network were made available both in 45 rpm and 331⁄3 rpm.
In the 1990s, they began appearing on compact discs. RCA had success in the format with their top money earner, Elvis Presley, issuing 28 Elvis EPs between 1956 and 1967, many of which topped the separate Billboard EP chart during its brief existence. During the 1950s, RCA published several EP albums of Walt Disney movies, containing both the story and the songs; these featured the original casts of actors and actresses. Each album contained two seven-inch records, plus a illustrated booklet containing the text of the recording so that children could follow along by reading; some of the titles included Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and what was a recent release, the movie version of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, presented in 1954. The recording and publishing of 20,000 was unusual: it did not employ the movie's cast, years a 12 in 33⅓ rpm album, with a nearly identical script, but another different cast, was sold by Disneyland Records in conjunction with the re-release of the movie in 1963.
Because of the popularity of 7" and other formats, SP records became less popular and the production of SPs in Japan was suspended in 1963. In the 1950s and 1960s, EPs were compilations of singles or album samplers and were played at 45 rpm on seven-inch discs, with two songs on each side. Other than those published by RCA, EPs were uncommon in the United States and Canada, but they were sold in the United Kingdom, in some other European countries, during the 1950s and 1960s. Record Retailer printed the first EP chart in 1960; the New Musical Express, Melody Maker and Music Echo and the Record Mirror continued to list EPs on their respective singles charts. The Beatles' Twist and Shout outsold most singles for some weeks in 1963; when the BBC and Record Retailer commissioned the British Market Research Bureau to compile a chart it was restricted to singles and EPs disappeared from the listings. In the Philippines, seven-inch EPs marketed as "mini-LPs" were introduced in 1970, with tracks selected from an album and packaging resembling the album they were taken from.
This mini-LP format became popular in America in the early 1970s for promotional releases, for use in jukeboxes. Stevie Wonder included a bonus four-song EP with his double LP Songs in the Key of Life in 1976. During the 1970s and 1980s, there was less standardization and EPs were made on seven-inch, 10-inch or 12-inch discs running either 331⁄3 or 45 rpm; some novelty EPs used odd shapes and colors, a few of them were picture discs. Alice in Chains was the first band to have an EP reach number one on the Billboard album chart, its EP, Jar of Flies, was released on January 25, 1994. In 2004, Linkin Park and Jay-Z's collaboration EP, Collision Course, was the next to reach the number one spot after Alice in Chains. In 2010, the cast of the television series Glee became the first artist to have two EPs reach number one, with Glee: The Music, The Power of Madonna on the week of May 8, 2010, Glee: The Music, Journey to Regionals on the week of June 26, 2010. In 2010, Warner Bros. Records revived the format with their "Six-Pak" offering of six songs on a compact disc.
The first EPs were seven-inch vinyl records with more tracks than a normal single. Although they shared size and speed with singles, they were a recognizably different format than the seven-inch single. Alth