Nicollet County, Minnesota
Nicollet County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. It was named for French geographer Joseph N. Nicollet; as of the 2010 census, the population was 32,727. Its county seat is St. Peter. Nicollet County is part of the Mankato -- MN Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the Gats.io, the county has an area of 467 square miles, of which 448 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Nicollet County's highest point is the lowest high point of all Minnesota counties, with an elevation of 1,065 feet; the county's high point is east of west of the town of Lafayette. Annexstad Lake: in Lake Prairie Township Erickson Lake: in Traverse Township Middle Lake: the southwestern Middle Lake is in Granby Township; the population density was 66 people per square mile. There were 11,240 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.37% White, 0.80% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, 0.75% from two or more races.
1.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 49.2% were of German, 13.3% Norwegian, 6.8% Swedish and 5.4% Irish ancestry. There were 10,642 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.30% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 16.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,170, the median income for a family was $55,694. Males had a median income of $36,236 versus $25,344 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $20,517. About 4.30% of families and 7.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over. Courtland Lafayette Mankato Nicollet North Mankato St. Peter Bernadotte Klossner New Sweden Norseland North Star Oshawa St. George Traverse West Newton National Register of Historic Places listings in Nicollet County, Minnesota Nicollet County official website
Blue Earth River
The Blue Earth River is a tributary of the Minnesota River, 108 miles long, in southern Minnesota in the United States. Two of its headwaters tributaries, the Middle Branch Blue Earth River and the West Branch Blue Earth River flow for short distances in northern Iowa. By volume, it is the Minnesota River's largest tributary, accounting for 46% of the Minnesota's flow at the rivers' confluence in Mankato. Via the Minnesota River, the Blue Earth River is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 3,486 square miles in an agricultural region. Ninety percent of the river's watershed is in Minnesota, it is a Minnesota Department of Natural Resources designated Water Trail. The river was named for former deposits of bluish-green clay, no longer visible, along the banks of the river; the stream was called Makato Osa Watapa by the Dakota Indians, meaning "the river where blue earth is gathered." The French explorer Pierre-Charles Le Sueur established Fort L'Huillier near the river's mouth in 1700 for the purpose of mining the clay, either in the mistaken belief that the clay contained copper, or as a ruse to secure funding from his patrons for his fur trading activities.
The fort was abandoned the following year after an attack by the Fox tribe. In the 19th century, the geographer Joseph Nicollet found cavities from which the clay had been dug by Native Americans in the region, who used it as body paint; the Blue Earth River begins at the confluence of its west and middle branches five miles north of Elmore in southwestern Faribault County, Minnesota. The Middle Branch, 35.1 miles long and sometimes known as the main stem of the river, rises in northwestern Winnebago County, Iowa 7 miles east of Rake, flows westwardly into Kossuth County, Iowa northwardly into Faribault County. The West Branch, 24.7 miles long, rises near Swea City, Iowa, in northern Kossuth County and flows northeastwardly into Faribault County. Both headwaters tributaries have been channelized for much of their courses. From their confluence the Blue Earth River flows northwardly in a winding course through eastern Faribault County into Blue Earth County, past the cities of Blue Earth and Vernon Center, to Mankato, where it enters the Minnesota River from the south.
Rapidan Dam, constructed for the purpose of hydroelectricity generation in 1910, impounds the river 12 miles upstream from its mouth. The hydroelectric facility was decommissioned but reactivated in 1984; the Blue Earth River's largest tributaries are the Le Sueur River, which it collects 3 miles upstream of its mouth. The two rivers drain 24 % of the Blue Earth's watershed, respectively. Tributaries of the river in its upper course include the East Branch Blue Earth River, 59.2 miles long, which rises in southwestern Freeborn County and flows westwardly through Faribault County to the city of Blue Earth. The Blue Earth River flows in most of its course through till plains and the plain of a former glacial lake; the drain of the glacial lake, Union Slough, drains in two directions, south into the East Fork of the Des Moines River and north, as Union Slough, into the West Branch of the Blue Earth River. The lower part of the river's watershed was covered by the Big Woods, a tract of hardwoods that has since been converted to agricultural use.
In its lower course below Rapidan Dam, the river flows through a wooded gorge in the valley of the Minnesota River. According to the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency 84% of the Blue Earth River's watershed is used for agricultural cultivation that of corn and soybeans; the river is one of the most polluted in Minnesota, with elevated levels of sediment, nitrates, mercury, PCBs, pesticides, contributed in part by runoff in the watershed. Fecal coliforms, contributed by manure fertilizers, livestock waste, substandard septic tanks and outdated sewer systems, are present in the river at levels considered by the state government to be unsafe for swimming; the United States Geological Survey operates a stream gauge on the Blue Earth River below Rapidan Dam in Rapidan Township, downstream of the mouth of the Watonwan River and upstream of the mouth of the Le Sueur River, 12 miles upstream from the river's mouth. The annual mean flow of the river at the gauge between 1909 and 2005 was 1,076 cubic feet per second.
The highest recorded flow during the period was 43,100 ft³/s on April 9, 1965. The lowest recorded flow was 6.9 ft³/s on October 12, 1955. List of rivers of Minnesota List of rivers of Iowa
Alexander Ramsey was an American politician. He served as a Republican over a variety of offices between the 1840s and the 1880s, he was Wisconsin Territorial Governor. Born in Hummelstown, Pennsylvania on September 8, 1815, Alexander was the eldest of five children of Thomas Ramsey and Elizabeth Kelker, his father was a blacksmith who committed suicide at age 42 when he went bankrupt in 1826, after signing for a note of a friend. Alexander lived with his uncle in Harrisburg, his brother was Justus Cornelius Ramsey. Ramsey first left during his third year, he read law with Hamilton Alricks, attended Reed's law School in Carlisle in 1839. He was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1839. In 1844 Ramsey married Anna Earl Jenks, daughter of Michael Hutchinson Jenks, they had three children. Only one daughter, survived past childhood. Alexander Ramsey was elected from Pennsylvania as a Whig to the U. S. House of Representatives and served in the 28th and 29th congresses from March 4, 1843 to March 3, 1847.
He served as the first Territorial Governor of Minnesota from June 1, 1849 to May 15, 1853 as a member of the Whig Party. Ramsey was of German ancestry. In 1855, he became the mayor of Minnesota. Ramsey was elected the second Governor of Minnesota after statehood and served from January 2, 1860 to July 10, 1863. Ramsey is credited with being the first Union governor to commit troops during the American Civil War, he happened to be in Washington, D. C. when fighting broke out. When he heard about the firing on Ft. Sumter he went straight to the White House and offered Minnesota's services to Abraham Lincoln, he resigned the governorship to become a U. S. Senator, having been elected to that post in 1863 as a Republican, he was re-elected in 1869 and held the office until March 3, 1875, serving in the 38th, 39th, 40th, 41st, 42nd, 43rd congresses. Ramsey is noted for his statements calling for the killing or removal of specific Native Americans, chiefly the Sioux people that lived in the state of Minnesota.
These statements came in response to attacks by the Sioux on American settlements, resulting in the death of not less than 800 men and children, as mentioned in Abraham Lincoln's Second Annual Message on December 1, 1862. Ramsey declared on September 9, 1862: "The Sioux Indians of Minnesota must be exterminated or driven forever beyond the borders of the state." He went as far as offering money for scalps of Dakotas. Ramsey served as Secretary of War from 1879 to 1881, under President Rutherford B. Hayes; the Minnesota Historical Society preserves the Alexander Ramsey House as a museum. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969. Alexander Ramsey Park, located in Redwood Falls, Minnesota, is the largest municipal park in Minnesota. Ramsey County, Ramsey County, North Dakota, the city of Ramsey, the city of Ramsey, Ramsey Park in Stillwater, Ramsey Junior High School in Saint Paul and Alexander Ramsey Elementary School in Montevideo, are named for him. Justice Page Middle School in Minneapolis, Minnesota was named after him when it was first founded in 1932.
In the 2016-17 school year, a student-initiated effort to rename Ramsey Middle School resulted in renaming the school after Alan Page, the first African-American Minnesota Supreme Court justice. United States Congress. "Alexander Ramsey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-03-22 Alexander Ramsey U. S. Army biography The Political Graveyard Biographical information, gubernatorial records, Ramsey's personal papers are available for research use at the Minnesota Historical Society. "Alexander Ramsey". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2009-03-22
Le Sueur County, Minnesota
Le Sueur County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 27,703, its county seat is Le Center. Le Sueur County is part of the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Minnesota Territory legislature established several counties in 1853. This county was created on March 5 of that year, it was named for French explorer Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, who visited the area in 1700. The settlement of Le Sueur had sprung up on the east bank of the Minnesota River, both being platted in 1852; the combined area was named by the legislature as the first county seat. However, its remoteness from most of the county meant hardship for most of the area's residents since the county was covered with dense hardwood forest and existing roads were impassable when wet. Several efforts were made to acquire a more central location. In the early 1870s, Cleveland held a referendum to become the county seat; the referendum was challenged due to irregularities in the voting.
In 1875 another referendum was successful, Cleveland became the county seat. In 1876 another referendum approved moving the seat to the newly-created town of Le Sueur Center. In the 1870s, businessmen from Waterville gained ownership of a quarter-section of land near the county's center, cleared the timber, platted the city of Le Sueur Center; the seat was moved there. The county seat has remained in Le Sueur Center since 1876; the first railroad entered the county in 1867. This began the era of mobility; the first purpose-built courthouse in Le Sueur Center was constructed in 1896-7. It has been extensively enlarged two times since then; the Minnesota River flows northeastward along the west border of Le Sueur County, on its way to discharge into the Mississippi. The terrain consists of low rolling hills, dotted with ponds; the soil is black. The terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point near the midpoint of its east border, at 1,145' ASL; the county has an area of 474 square miles, of which 449 square miles is land and 25 square miles is water.
Le Sueur is one of seven Minnesota savanna region counties where no forest soils exist and one of 17 counties where savanna soils dominate. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 25,426 people, 9,630 households, 6,923 families in the county; the population density was 56.6/sqmi. There were 10,858 housing units at an average density of 24.2/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 96.56% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.02% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. 3.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.9 % were of 9.0 % Czech, 9.0 % Norwegian and 8.2 % Irish ancestry. 94.0 % spoke 3.5 % Spanish and 1.7 % Czech as their first language. There were 9,630 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10. The county population contained 27.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $45,933, the median income for a family was $53,000. Males had a median income of $34,196 versus $24,214 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,151. About 4.80% of families and 6.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. Okaman Le Sueur County vote Republican. In 78% of national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Le Sueur County, Minnesota Le Sueur County government’s website
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Ballantyne Lake is a lake in Blue Earth County, Minnesota, in the United States. Ballantyne Lake was named for James Ballantyne, an early settler
Minnesota's 1st congressional district
Minnesota's 1st congressional district extends across southern Minnesota from the border with South Dakota to the border with Wisconsin. The First District is a rural district built on a strong history of agriculture, although this is changing due to strong population growth in Rochester and surrounding communities; the First District is home to several of Minnesota's major mid-sized cities, including Rochester, Winona, Owatonna, Albert Lea, New Ulm, Worthington. This district is represented by Republican Jim Hagedorn of Blue Earth. From early statehood until the latest redistricting after the 2000 census, the first district covered only southeast Minnesota. During the 20th century it was considered solidly Republican, though in recent years this is changing. In 2004, John Kerry received 48% of the vote in this Congressional district. Two years in 2006, Republican Representative Gil Gutknecht was defeated by Democrat Tim Walz. In March 2017, Walz announced that he would not run for reelection to Congress, instead would run for governor of Minnesota.
The district leans Republican with a CPVI of R + 5. Minnesota's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts