click links in text for more info

Blue Ridge, Alabama

Blue Ridge is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Elmore County, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 1,341, it is part of the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area. Blue Ridge is located in southern Elmore County at 32°29′12″N 86°11′27″W, it is bordered to the west by Wetumpka, the county seat, to the southeast by Redland. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.8 square miles, of which 7.8 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 1.13%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,331 people, 511 households, 436 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 169.3 people per square mile. There were 526 housing units at an average density of 66.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.79% White, 3.08% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 511 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 0.0% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.5% were non-families.

13.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.84. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 37.6% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $73,162, the median income for a family was $83,320. Males had a median income of $60,625 versus $37,875 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $32,774. None of the families and 1.1% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,341 people, 556 households, 436 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 166.4 people per square mile.

There were 581 housing units at an average density of 73.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.5% White, 2.7% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from two or more races. 1.0 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 556 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.9% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.6% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.73. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 16.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 15.0% from 25 to 44, 41.2% from 45 to 64, 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $84,135, the median income for a family was $85,066. Males had a median income of $69,141 versus $46,029 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $40,625. None of the families and 0% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64. Elmore County Economic Development Authority


Swagatam is a 2008 Telugu film produced by Adityaram on Adityaram Movies banner and directed by Dasarath. It starred Jagapati Babu, Anushka Shetty and Bhumika Chawla in lead roles and its music was composed by R. P. Patnaik. Shot in New York City and Hampi, it features a romantic triangle. Directed by Dasarath, the film casts Jagapati Babu as the male romantic lead playing opposite Anushka Shetty and Bhumika Chawla. Several weeks after its release, The Times of India declared the movie a box office "let down". Shailu is an ill-tempered businesswoman living in the United States, she tries to care for her mother and young nephew, manage her bills. KK, with his young daughter, opens a shop across the street from her; this helps her find a new perspective on her life. Shailu falls in love with KK, but when she declares her feelings for him she learns that he has a wife, Vidya. In a flashback, the film relates the romance of Vidya. In the past, KK was an abrasive businessman. Instead, he winds up marrying Vidya, an employee.

KK's dilemma is simplified by the fact that one of the women in his life is dying from chronic leukemia. Music composed by R. P. Patnaik. All songs are hit tracks. Music released on ADITYA Music Company; the film has got quite some similarities with the Hindi film, Kal Ho Na Ho. starring Shah Rukh Khan, Preity Zinta and Saif Ali Khan. A hard working, depressed girl settled in New York, supporting a child independently. A business that's not doing well. Hero coming to her rescue. A life devouring disease, etc. Critically, the film met lukewarm reception. In its positive review, IndiaGlitz described the film as a "sincere effort" that "may or may not appeal to everyone as it becomes a bit trite as it progresses". While noting that "we cannot say it is something that we haven’t watched before", the reviewers commented that the film "starts off in a novel way as far as a Telugu film is concerned". Addressing the high expectations of the big budget film, they conclude, "To be fair to Dasarath, he does not disappoint.

In the sense that it is what one would go to watch in a Jagapati Babu movie". AndhraCafe praised the performances of Bumika, "at her best", found the chemistry between Babu and Bumika "a treat to watch". While they felt the director exhibited moments of brilliance in the second half of the film, they panned the climax and the opening, stating that "he first half of a film couldn’t be more boring than this", they concluded that "n a whole the film is below average fare with the weak first half, dragged climax and poor music". In its review, Rediff notes that Swagatam takes the "safe, oft-trodden path" but praises the acting, describing the first half of the film as "laced with entertainment", they predict that the film "will go down well with those liking mushy stuff". Swagatam on IMDb

Timeline of the development of tectonophysics (before 1954)

The evolution of tectonophysics is linked to the history of the continental drift and plate tectonics hypotheses. The continental drift/ Airy-Heiskanen isostasy hypothesis had many flaws and scarce data; the fixist/ Pratt-Hayford isostasy, the contracting Earth and the expanding Earth concepts had many flaws as well. The idea of continents with a permanent location, the geosyncline theory, the Pratt-Hayford isostasy, the extrapolation of the age of the Earth by Lord Kelvin as a black body cooling down, the contracting Earth, the Earth as a solid and crystalline body, is one school of thought. A lithosphere creeping over the asthenosphere is a logical consequence of an Earth with internal heat by radioactivity decay, the Airy-Heiskanen isostasy, thrust faults and Niskanen's mantle viscosity determinations. Christian creationism was popular at the time, the age of the Earth was thought to have been created circa 4 000 BC. There were stacks of calcareous rocks of maritime origin above sea level, up and down motions were allowed.

On, the thrust fault concept appeared, a contracting Earth was its driving force. In 1862, the physicist William Thomson calculated the age of Earth at between 20 million and 400 million years. In 1895, John Perry produced an age of Earth estimate of 2 to 3 billion years old using a model of a convective mantle and thin crust. Arthur Holmes published The Age of the Earth, an Introduction to Geological Ideas in 1927, in which he presented a range of 1.6 to 3.0 billion years. Wegener had data for assuming, it was a mistake to state the continents "plowed" through the sea, although it isn't sure that this fixist quote is true in the original in German. He was an outsider with a doctorate in astronomy attacking an established theory between'geophysicists'; the geophysicists were right to state that the Earth is solid, the mantle is elastic and inhomogeneous, the ocean floor would not allow the movement of the continents. But excluding one alternative, substantiates the opposite alternative: passive continents and an active seafloor spreading and subduction, with accretion belts on the edges of the continents.

The velocity of the sliding continents, was allowed in the uncertainty of the fixed continent model and seafloor subduction and upwelling with phase change allows for inhomogeneity. The problem too, was the specialisation. Arthur Holmes and Alfred Rittmann saw it right. Only an outsider can have the overview, only an outsider sees the forest, not only the trees, but A. Wegener did not have the specialisation to weight the quality of the geophysical data and the paleontologic data, its conclusions. Wegener's main interest was meteorology, he wanted to join the Denmark-Greenland expedition scheduled for mid 1912. So he hurried up to present his Continental Drift hypothesis. Charles Lyell, Harold Jeffreys, James D. Dana, Charles Schuchert, Chester Longwell, the conflict with the Axis powers slowed down the acceptance of continental drifting. Abraham Ortelius, Francis Bacon, Theodor Christoph Lilienthal, Alexander von Humboldt, Antonio Snider-Pellegrini, others had noted earlier that the shapes of continents on opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean seem to fit together.

Note: Francis Bacon was thinking of western Africa and western South America and Theodor Lilienthal was thinking about the sunken island of Atlantis and changing sea levels. Hutton, J. Theory of the Earth: with proofs and illustrations. Edinburgh: Cadell and Creech. ISBN 978-1-897799-78-9. There has been exerted an extreme degree of heat below the strata formed at the bottom of the sea. Catastrophism vs. Uniformitarianism. Term coined by William Whewell. Uniformitarism is the prevailing view in the U. S.. Charles Lyell assumed that land masses changed their location, but he assumed a mechanism of vertical movement. James Dwight Dana assumed a permanent location as well, influencing the American fixist school of thought, it wasn't known that the seafloor isn't granite rock but basalt rock. Quote, Lyell: "Continents therefore, although permanent for whole geological epochs, shift their positions in the course of ages." Quote, Wallace about Dana: "In 1856, in articles in the American Journal, he discussed the development of the American continent, argued for its general permanence.

Pratt's isostasy is the prevailing view: Airy-Heiskanen Model. Pratt-Hayford Model. Vening Meinesz, or Flexural Model. A cooling and contracting Earth is the prevailing view. H. J

The Chopping Block

The Chopping Block is an Australian reality television series which began airing on the Nine Network on 6 February 2008. Produced by Granada Productions, it was hosted by chef Matt Moran. Catriona Rowntree co-hosted the show with Moran in its first season, it ran for two series of 8 episodes each. Each week two Melbourne and Sydney restaurants were reviewed by a secret critic and given A$5,000. With assistance from restaurateur Matt Moran, they were given 72 hours to use that money to overhaul their menu, service and décor in an effort to win both his and the critics' approval; the first episode of The Chopping Block had a disappointing debut, with only 718,000 viewers nationally, a low figure for its 7:30 - 8:30 timeslot. An uncut repeat of the first episode was aired the following night at 10:30pm, managing a reasonable 546,000 viewers for its timeslot; the second episode fared much better, managing 1,040,000 viewers nationally - nearly 300,000 more viewers than the first episode. Overall, ratings for the second series were higher than the first, both series averaged 959,517 viewers across the year.

NBC and Granada America have picked up the rights to produce the series in the United States. The U. S. version is hosted by Marco Pierre White, features a number of changes to the format, such as multiple contestants, an ongoing objective instead of self-contained episodes, an emphasis on competition. The first episode premiered on 11 March 2009, but was canceled due to low ratings after three episodes. After a 3-month hiatus,'Chopping Block' returned to complete its season. Official Website List of competing restaurants The Chopping Block on IMDb The Chopping Block at

Camp Jam Co.

Camp Jam Co. headquartered in Atlanta, United States, is a consortium of music-experience programs designed to teach teamwork and musical skills through rock music. Founded in 2004 by Jeff Carlisi and former guitarist of 38 Special, business partner Dan Lipson, Camp Jam Co. offers experiences for musicians of all ages and all skill levels. Camp Jam is a rock ‘n’ roll summer day and overnight camp for kids and teens; the camp provides teens a place to convene with other musicians and vocalists, honing their musical skills by learning from and performing with professional musicians while promoting skills such as teamwork and communication. The camp is five days long and has instruction in guitar, keyboard and vocals as well as a songwriting clinic, an open mic showcase, a class on performance skills and a course in audio engineering and production. Sessions take place in Atlanta, GA; the Atlanta branch was the original location of Camp Jam. Camp Jam KIDZ is a summer day camp program for children ages 7–10 and gives them the chance to play the instrument of their choice for the week.

Camp Jam KIDZ participants experience a similar setup as the older campers but with a more hands-on focus from the instructors as they prepare the kids for their first performance at the end of the week where they perform on stage with their Camp Jam bands. Camp Jam Overnight is an extension of the Camp Jam day sessions and takes place in Long Island, Wash DC, Boulder, CO, San Diego, San Francisco, Dallas, Miami and Atlanta. In addition to the typical Camp Jam daytime activities, overnight participants have an extended curriculum on, "songwriting, make an MTV-style video, band marketing, writing and releasing the bands song, attend additional master classes, perform acoustic concerts during their weeklong session culminating with 3 concerts." Camp Jam Afterschool is for kids ages 10–16, holds sessions for twelve weeks that last ninety minutes each either after school or on Saturdays. Students enrolled may participate in an extra half hour of instrument-specific, individual lessons; the program is held in Atlanta and Houston, offers similar activities and experiences as Camp Jam.

Camp Jam’s Rock'n' Roll Experience is a rock and roll experience for adults ages 21 and over which includes two and a half days of instruction and rehearsals with well-known musicians including Jim Peterik of Survivor and Liberty DeVitto, drummer for Billy Joel. The program takes place in Atlanta, GA. Camp Jam INC is a corporate rock ‘n’ roll team building experience that offers companies and corporate teams a crash course in becoming a band; the participants will determine the roles of each member, name the band, choose songs to play, come together for a performance. This experience is designed to help foster cooperation and build team trust. No musical experience is necessary; the program follows a designed curriculum and is facilitated by a certified corporate trainer to ensure each team achieves its fullest potential. Camp Jam Studios is a full-service rehearsal and concert facility in Atlanta, GA that houses rehearsal rooms and provides guitar, bass and vocal lessons for all levels of experience.

Camp Jam Studios offers Saturday Rock'n' Roll Matinee, where individual musicians under the age of 18 gather, match up with like-minded musicians and start playing together with the intent of starting a band. This facility is where Camp Jam Rock Star Fantasy Camp and Camp Jam KIDZ takes place. During July 2008, an MTV production crew of ten filmed a session of Camp Jam Overnight in Chicago for an episode of a new series entitled “True Life Presents: Camp’d Out,” a spinoff of the MTV documentary series True Life; the producers followed four campers that MTV chose due to musical talent. These musicians participated in a typical Camp Jam Overnight session, concluded the week with a Friday night concert held at the House of Blues in Chicago; the episode, entitled “I’m Going to Rock Camp,” first aired on January 3, 2009

Aldwickbury School

Aldwickbury School is an independent all-boys preparatory school located on the outskirts of Harpenden, Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. The school dates its history from 1937 when Kenneth Castle took over as headmaster of Lea House School in Harpenden; the school consists of day pupils and of weekly boarders. The school had 65 pupils at its inception, but has over 350 pupils today. To date, the school has had only four headmasters: Kenneth Castle Brian Chidell Peter Jeffery Vernon Hales Tim Rice, attended 1950– Although not affiliated with any secondary school, a substantial number of Aldwickbury's pupils attend St Albans School, Bedford School, The Leys and Berkhamsted School. Aldwickbury school - official site Inspection reports