Charles Daly Charlie Barnet was an American jazz saxophonist and bandleader. His major recordings were Skyliner, The Wrong Idea and Soda, In a Mizz, Charlie Barnet was born in New York City. His parents divorced when he was two, and he was raised by his mother and her grandparents and his grandfather was Charles Frederick Daly, a vice-president for the New York Central Railroad and businessman. Barnet attended various boarding schools, both in the New York and Chicago areas and he learned to play piano and saxophone as a child. He often left school to listen to music and to try to work as a musician. By sixteen, Barnet had done work with a Jean Goldkette satellite band and was in New York. Late in 1932, he returned east and persuaded a contact at CBS artist bureau to try him out as an orchestra leader. Barnet began recording in October 1933, during an engagement at New Yorks Park Central Hotel, Barnet arranged with Joe Haymes to take several of his now-jobless sidemen, while he himself went on a lark in Havana, as an escort to well-to-do older women.
1936 saw another swinging Barnet edition, which featured the vocal quartet The Modernaires. The height of Barnets popularity—and his first truly permanent band—came between 1939 and 1941, a period began with his hit version of Cherokee, written by Ray Noble. In 1944, Barnet had another big hit with Skyliner, in 1947, he started to switch from swing music to bebop. Trumpeter Billy May was an arranger in the Charlie Barnet Orchestra before joining Glenn Miller in 1940 and he was one of the first bandleaders to integrate his band, the year is variously given as 1935 or 1937. He was an admirer of Count Basie and Duke Ellington. Ellington recorded the Charlie Barnet composition In a Mizz, in 1939, Basie lent Barnet his charts after Barnets had been destroyed in a fire at the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles. Throughout his career he was an opponent of syrupy arrangements, in the song The Wrong Idea, he lampooned the sweet big band sound of the era. The song was written by Billy May, who used the same satirical bent in his collaborations with Stan Freberg on Capitol Records including the Lawrence Welk satire Wunnerful.
Barnets was a party band where drinking and vandalism were not uncommon. While Glenn Miller enforced strict standards of dress and deportment, Barnet was more interested in having fun, in 1949 he retired, apparently because he had lost interest in music
Montgomery Ward was the name of two historically distinct American retail enterprises. It can refer either to the mail order and department store retailer. Montgomery Ward was founded by Aaron Montgomery Ward in 1872, Ward had conceived of the idea of a dry goods mail-order business in Chicago, after several years of working as a traveling salesman among rural customers. He observed that rural customers often wanted city goods, but their access to them was through rural retailers who had little competition. He and two partners used $1,600 they had raised in capital and issued their first catalog in August 1872 and it consisted of an 8 in ×12 in single-sheet price list, listing 163 items for sale with ordering instructions for which Ward had written the copy. His two partners left the year, but he continued the struggling business and was joined by his future brother-in-law. In the first few years, the business was not well received by rural retailers, considering Ward a threat, they sometimes publicly burned his catalog.
Customers were inspired by the innovative and unprecedented company policy of satisfaction guaranteed or your money back, Ward turned the copy writing over to department heads, but he continued poring over every detail in the catalog for accuracy. In 1883, the catalog, which became popularly known as the Wish Book, had grown to 240 pages and 10,000 items. In 1896, Wards encountered its first serious competition in the mail order business, in 1900, Wards had total sales of $8.7 million, compared to $10 million for Sears, and both companies would struggle for dominance during much of the 20th century. By 1904, the company had expanded as such that it mailed three million catalogs, weighing 4 lb each, to customers, in 1908, the company opened a 1. 25-million-square-foot building stretching along nearly one-quarter mile of the Chicago River, north of downtown Chicago. The building, known as the Montgomery Ward & Co, catalog House, served as the company headquarters until 1974, when the offices moved across the street to a new tower designed by Minoru Yamasaki.
The catalog house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1978, in the decades before 1930, Montgomery Ward built a network of large distributions centers across the country in Baltimore, Fort Worth, Kansas City, St. Paul and Oakland. In most cases, these concrete structures were the largest industrial structures in their respective locations. The Baltimore Montgomery Ward Warehouse and Retail Store was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000, Ward died in 1913, after 41 years running the catalog business. Thorne, died in 1917, and was succeeded by Robert J. Thorne, Robert Thorne retired in 1920 due to ill health. In 1926, the company broke with its mail-order-only tradition when it opened its first retail store in Plymouth. It continued to operate its business while pursuing an aggressive campaign to build retail outlets in the late-1920s
Jazz is a music genre that originated amongst African Americans in New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in Blues and Ragtime. Since the 1920s jazz age, jazz has become recognized as a form of musical expression. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes and response vocals, Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Although the foundation of jazz is deeply rooted within the Black experience of the United States, different cultures have contributed their own experience, intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as one of Americas original art forms. As jazz spread around the world, it drew on different national and local musical cultures, New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles, biguine and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation.
In the 1930s, heavily arranged dance-oriented swing big bands, Kansas City jazz, bebop emerged in the 1940s, shifting jazz from danceable popular music toward a more challenging musicians music which was played at faster tempos and used more chord-based improvisation. Cool jazz developed in the end of the 1940s, introducing calmer, smoother sounds and long, modal jazz developed in the late 1950s, using the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s, combining jazz improvisation with rock rhythms, electric instruments. In the early 1980s, a form of jazz fusion called smooth jazz became successful. Other styles and genres abound in the 2000s, such as Latin, the question of the origin of the word jazz has resulted in considerable research, and its history is well documented. It is believed to be related to jasm, a term dating back to 1860 meaning pep. The use of the word in a context was documented as early as 1915 in the Chicago Daily Tribune.
Its first documented use in a context in New Orleans was in a November 14,1916 Times-Picayune article about jas bands. In an interview with NPR, musician Eubie Blake offered his recollections of the slang connotations of the term, When Broadway picked it up. That was dirty, and if you knew what it was, the American Dialect Society named it the Word of the Twentieth Century. Jazz has proved to be difficult to define, since it encompasses such a wide range of music spanning a period of over 100 years. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions, in the opinion of Robert Christgau, most of us would say that inventing meaning while letting loose is the essence and promise of jazz. As Duke Ellington, one of jazzs most famous figures, although jazz is considered highly difficult to define, at least in part because it contains so many varied subgenres, improvisation is consistently regarded as being one of its key elements
The Carter Family was a traditional American folk music group that recorded between 1927 and 1956. Their music had a impact on bluegrass, Southern Gospel, pop. They were the first vocal group to become music stars. Their recordings of such as Wabash Cannonball, Can the Circle Be Unbroken, Wildwood Flower, Keep On the Sunny Side. The original group consisted of Alvin Pleasant A. P. Delaney Carter, his wife Sara Dougherty Carter, Maybelle was married to A. P. s brother Ezra Carter, and was Saras first cousin. All three were born and raised in southwestern Virginia, where they were immersed in the harmonies of mountain gospel music. Maybelles distinctive guitar playing became a hallmark of the group. The Carter Family made their first recordings on August 1,1927, a. P. had persuaded Sara and Maybelle the day before to make the journey from Maces Spring, Virginia, to Bristol, Tennessee, to audition for record producer Ralph Peer. Peer was seeking new talents for the relatively embryonic recording industry, the initial sessions are part of what are now called the Bristol Sessions.
The band received $50 for each song recorded, plus half a cent royalty on every copy sold of each song for which they had registered a copyright. On November 4,1927, the Victor Talking Machine Company released a double-sided 78 rpm record of the group performing Wandering Boy, on December 2,1928, Victor released The Storms Are on the Ocean / Single Girl, Married Girl, which became very popular. By the end of 1930 they had sold 300,000 records in the United States. Realizing that he would benefit financially with each new song he collected and copyrighted, A. P. traveled around the southwestern Virginia area in search of new songs, in the early 1930s, he befriended Lesley Esley Riddle, a black guitar player from Kingsport, Tennessee. Lesley accompanied A. P. on his song-collecting trips, in June 1931, the Carters did a recording session in Benton, along with Jimmie Rodgers. In 1933, Maybelle met the Speer family at a fair in Ceredo, West Virginia and she asked them to tour with the Carter Family.
In the winter of 1938–39 the Carter Family traveled to Texas, in the fall of 1942 the Carters moved their program to WBT radio in Charlotte, North Carolina, for a one-year contract. They occupied the slot, with the program airing between 5,15 and 6,15 a. m. By 1936 A. P. and Saras marriage had dissolved, Sara married A. P. s cousin, Coy Bayes, moved to California, and the group disbanded in 1944
The King Sisters
The King Sisters were an American big band-era vocal group consisting of six sisters, Donna, Marilyn and Yvonne King. Born and raised in Pleasant Grove, about 35 miles south of Salt Lake City and their father was William King Driggs. Their first professional job was with a Salt Lake City radio station, from which they graduated to a station in Oakland, California. In the early 1930s sisters Luise and Alyce formed a trio along the lines of their idols, the Boswell Sisters. After this, Maxine retired to life in Oakland and sisters Donna. In 1935, the King Sisters accepted a job with bandleader Horace Heidt, relations between the King Sisters and Heidt deteriorated to the point where they left the band. In the following years, they separately and together sang with the bands of Artie Shaws Old Gold program and Charlie Barnet and they turned down a request to be the vocal group for the Glenn Miller Orchestra. They recorded for Bluebird Records, a sub-label of RCA Victor Records and the label as Miller.
In 1937, Luise married guitarist Alvino Rey, at the peak of the sisters success, they appeared in a number of 1940s Hollywood films. During World War II, they appeared regularly on Kay Kysers radio series, the show ran from 1965-1966, with a 1969 revival. A second generation of the King Family, the Four King Cousins, more prominently, Luises grandsons Win and William Butler are musicians, being part of the noted Montreal-based indie rock/baroque pop Arcade Fire. Alyce King Clarke died on August 23,1996, from respiratory problems, Luise King Rey died on August 4,1997, aged 83, from cancer, the year of her 60th wedding anniversary to Alvino Rey. Donna King Conkling died on June 16,2007, aged 88, in Plano, Texas. Maxine King Thomas died on May 13,2009, aged 97 in Corona, California. Yvonne Vonnie King Burch died on December 13,2009, aged 89, after suffering a fall at her home in Santa Barbara, California. Marilyn King died on August 7,2013, aged 82, from cancer, in California, official website Marilyn King Fan Page
Artie Shaw was an American clarinetist, composer and actor. Also an author, Shaw wrote both fiction and non-fiction, widely regarded as one of jazzs finest clarinetists, Shaw led one of the United States most popular big bands in the late 1930s through the early 1940s. Though he had hit records, he was perhaps best known for his 1938 recording of Cole Porters Begin the Beguine. Prior to the release of Beguine and his band had languished in relative obscurity for over two years and, after its release, he became a major pop artist within short order. The record eventually became one of the defining recordings. Musically restless, Shaw was a proponent of what became known much as Third Stream music. Shaw recorded with jazz groups drawn from within the ranks of the various big bands he led. He served in the US Navy from 1942 to 1944, following his discharge in 1944, Shaw was born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky in New York City, the son of Sarah and Harry Arshawsky, who worked as a dressmaker and photographer.
His family was Jewish, his father was from Russia, his mother from Austria, Shaw grew up in New Haven, Connecticut where, according to his autobiography, his natural introversion was deepened by local antisemitism. Shaw bought a saxophone by working in a store, and began learning the saxophone at 13, by 16, he switched to the clarinet. Returning to New York, he became a musician through the early 1930s. In 1929 and 1930, he played with Irving Aaronsons Commanders, where he was exposed to symphonic music, in 1935, Shaw first gained attention with his Interlude in B-flat at a swing concert at the Imperial Theater in New York. During the swing era, his big bands were popular hits like Begin the Beguine, Back Bay Shuffle, Rosalie. The show was received, but forced to dissolve in 1937 because his bands sound was not commercial. His incorporation of stringed instruments could be attributed to the influence of classical composer Igor Stravinsky. S. However, after recording Any Old Time, she left the band due to hostility from audiences in the South as well as music company executives who wanted a more mainstream singer.
His band became successful, and his playing was eventually recognized as equal to that of Benny Goodman. Longtime Duke Ellington clarinetist Barney Bigard cited Shaw as his favorite clarinet player, in response to Goodmans nickname, the King of Swing, Shaws fans dubbed him the King of the Clarinet
Rock and roll
While elements of rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until the 1950s. For the purpose of differentiation, this deals with the first definition. The beat is essentially a blues rhythm with an accentuated backbeat, classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars, a double bass or string bass or an electric bass guitar, and a drum kit. Beyond simply a style and roll, as seen in movies and on television, influenced lifestyles, attitudes. In addition and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African-American and white American teens enjoyed the music and it went on to spawn various genres, often without the initially characteristic backbeat, that are now more commonly called simply rock music or rock. The term rock and roll now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage, the American Heritage Dictionary and the Merriam-Webster Dictionary both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music.
Encyclopædia Britannica, on the hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s. In 1934, the song Rock and Roll by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round, in 1942, Billboard magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term rock-and-roll to describe upbeat recordings such as Rock Me by Sister Rosetta Tharpe. By 1943, the Rock and Roll Inn in South Merchantville, in 1951, Ohio disc jockey Alan Freed began playing this music style while popularizing the phrase to describe it. The origins of rock and roll have been debated by commentators. The migration of former slaves and their descendants to major urban centers such as St. The immediate roots of rock and roll lay in the rhythm and blues, called race music, particularly significant influences were jazz, gospel and folk. The 1940s saw the use of blaring horns, shouted lyrics. In the same period, particularly on the West Coast and in the Midwest, country boogie and Chicago electric blues supplied many of the elements that would be seen as characteristic of rock and roll.
Rock and roll arrived at a time of technological change, soon after the development of the electric guitar and microphone. It was the realization that relatively affluent white teenagers were listening to music that led to the development of what was to be defined as rock. Because the development of rock and roll was a process, no single record can be identified as unambiguously the first rock. Other artists with rock and roll hits included Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis
Daniels was born in Jacksonville, where his father was a postmaster and notary. His mother was a schoolteacher and organist, Daniels had a heritage of Portuguese sailor, Native American, African American, and frontiersman Daniel Boone. In 1935, Daniels moved from Jacksonville to New York to attend Columbia University and he planned to become a lawyer, but he was sidetracked during the Depression. His grandmother was a seamstress in Harlem for the Ziegfeld Follies, and she encouraged her grandson to sing at Dickie Wells, there he was discovered by bandleader Erskine Hawkins, who hired him as a featured vocalist. He toured with the Erskine Hawkins Band in 1935–36 and returned to Harlem, throughout 1938, he sang daily on New York radio for 12 different sponsors. It was me or the horse racing, Daniels remarked, Daniels performed frequently at nightclubs on New Yorks famed 52nd Street, where he was one of the first singers to leave the big-band scene and pursue a solo career. He sometimes made three 52nd Street club performances per night, in 1945, he played intermission with Charlie Parker at the Spotlite Club on 52nd Street.
Daniels had several accompanists, including Nat Cole, while in New York, in 1948, he teamed with ex-big-band pianist Benny Payne, who had been Cab Calloways pianist in the Cotton Club. Payne remained as accompanist for the rest of Daniels career, Daniels first trademark song from his time on New York radio was the song Diane, which he recorded on Bluebird in 1941. His signature song was That Old Black Magic, by Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer and his 1950 recording on Mercury became a hit, selling in the millions. His sensational performance in 1950 in Bill Millers Riveria Club led to holdover appearances, following Park Avenue residences, Daniels record holdover at 1952 New York Copacabana Club still stands. He was popular in Europe after he headlined at the London Palladium in 1952 and he toured the UKs Moss Theatre circuit in the 1950s as Americas most exciting singer. His forte was as an entertainer, and he was the biggest cabaret draw in New York throughout the 1950s. His vocal stylings and trademark dance movements were imitated by the impressionists of the era.
In 1958, Daniels was the first entertainer to sign a contract to appear in Las Vegas for three years at the Stardust. He had performed in musicals on Broadway early in his career with a role in a short-lived musical. More notable was the run of Golden Boy with Sammy Davis Jr. in 1964. Daniels toured the US in 1975 with Pearl Bailey in the all-black Hello, Dolly. and in Londons West End and he was popular in Australia where he first toured with the Andrews Sisters in 1954
Shep Fields was the band leader for the Shep Fields and His Rippling Rhythm orchestra during the Big Band era of the 1930s. He was born Saul Feldman in Brooklyn, New York on September 12,1910, edward Fields, a carpet manufacturer, and Freddie Fields were his brothers. Their father died at the age of 39 and he played the clarinet and tenor sax in bands during college. In 1931 he played at the Roseland Ballroom, by 1933 he led a band that played at Grossingers Catskill Resort Hotel. In 1934 he replaced the Jack Denny Orchestra at the Hotel Pierre in New York City and he left the Hotel Pierre to join a roadshow with the dancers and Yolanda. In 1936 he was booked at Chicagos Palmer House, and the concert was broadcast on radio, Fields was at a soda fountain when his wife was blowing bubbles into her soda through a straw, and that sound became his trademark that opened each of his shows. A contest was held in Chicago for fans to suggest a new name for the Fields band, the word rippling was suggested in more than one entry, and Fields came up with Rippling Rhythm.
In 1936 he received a contract with Bluebird Records. His hits included Cathedral in the Pines, Did I Remember, in 1937 Fields replaced Paul Whiteman in his time slot with a radio show called The Rippling Rhythm Revue with Bob Hope as the announcer. In 1938, Fields and Hope were featured in his first feature-length motion picture, in 1941 Fields revamped the band into an all-reeds group, with no brass section. Shep Fields and His New Music, featuring band vocalist Ken Curtis and he reverted to Rippling Rhythm in 1947. He moved to Houston, Texas where he worked as a disc jockey and he worked at Creative Management Associates with his brother Freddie Fields in Los Angeles. He died on February 23,1981 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles from a heart attack and he was buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery in New York. Sid Greene and percussion, band manager, c, 1932-1943 Hal Derwin, vocals 1940 Larry Neill, vocals 1940 Dorothy Allen, vocals 1940 Ken Curtis, vocals The Three Beaus and a Peep, vocals c.
1947-1948 Toni Arden, singer, c.1945 Bob Shapley, glen Island Casino in New Rochelle, New York on May 12,1947 with Toni Arden, Bob Johnstone, and The Three Beaus and a Peep. Ice Terrace Room of the New Yorker Hotel on March 6,1948 with Toni Arden, Bob Johnstone, and The Three Beaus, various Soundies You Came To My Rescue - Director Dave Fleischer The Big Broadcast of 1938 - Director Mitchell Leisen with W. C. Fields, Martha Raye, Dorothy Lamour and Bob Hope, kreisler Bandstand - TV series director Perry Lafferty. Shep Fields at Find a Grave