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Bob McLean (Australian footballer)

Allan Robert Charles "Bob" McLean was an Australian rules footballer who played for Port Adelaide and Norwood in the South Australian National Football League and St Kilda in the Victorian Football League. Affectionately referred to as "Big Bob" McLean, he became a long serving football administrator in South Australia, he was a good cricketer, representing South Australia in the Sheffield Shield and topped the Australian bowling and batting averages in 1947. As a player, McLean was a ruckman but was handy around goals, kicking 471 of them during his 221-game SANFL career, he started out at Norwood before crossing to Port Adelaide and participating in their 1939 premiership win. On four occasions he topped Port Adelaide's goal-kicking — 1940, 1941, 1947 and 1948, his tally of 80 goals in 1947 was enough to win him the league's leading goal-kicker award. He represented South Australia in nine interstate matches over the course of his career. While on military service in Melbourne he made three appearances for St Kilda in the 1941 VFL season.

McLean, a right-handed batsman and a legbreak bowler, appeared in 20 first-class cricket matches for his state. He made 897 first-class runs at an average of 28.93 and took 65 wickets at 38.36. Both of his two first-class hundreds were scored in a one-week period in the Sheffield Shield, towards the end of December 1949; the first was an innings of 213 which he made opening the batting against Queensland at the Adelaide Oval, dwarfing his team's next highest score of 45. Just two days after that match ended, South Australia met Victoria at the Melbourne Cricket Ground and McLean, opening the batting once more, scored 135 and again outshone his teammates with the next best effort being 31. Victoria's bowling lineup consisted of Test cricketer Doug Ring as well as future Test players Jack Hill and Jack Iverson. In his district career with Port Adelaide from 1939–54, he scored over 5000 runs and took more than 500 wickets, his first name Allan is given on cricket scorecards instead of Bob. He was appointed Club Secretary of Port Adelaide in 1949 and remained in the job until 1980.

From 1983 to 1989 he was Club Chairman. McLean was a SANFL League Director for 29 years and state selector for 17 years; as a Port Adelaide administrator, Bob McLean earned a formidable reputation of making it exceptionally difficult for Victorian clubs to pry away the club's star players. A famous incident in the 1970s involved St Kilda's attempt to obtain John Cahill. Bob McLean said that this was fair game but that he would "get the next flight to Melbourne and speak to Carl Ditterich" if it were to happen. St Kilda cancelled their visit. In 2007 he was inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame. Five years earlier he had been one of the inaugural inductees in the South Australian Football Hall of Fame; the A. R. McLean Medal is awarded to the best and fairest winner for the Port Adelaide Football Club side in the SANFL each year, his son Ian played first-class cricket for South Australia as a batsman, playing 25 matches and scoring two centuries – against Western Australia and Tasmania.

Bob McLean's playing statistics from AFL Tables Cricinfo: Bob McLean Holmesby and Main, Jim. The Encyclopedia of AFL Footballers. 7th ed. Melbourne: Bas Publishing

Motorola 68000

The Motorola 68000 is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, introduced in 1979 by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector. The design implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and a 32-bit internal data bus; the address bus is 24-bits and does not use memory segmentation, which made it popular with programmers. Internally, it uses a 16-bit data ALU and two additional 16-bit ALUs used for addresses, has a 16-bit external data bus. For this reason, Motorola referred to it as a 16/32-bit processor; as one of the first available processors with a 32-bit instruction set, running at high speeds for the era, the 68k was a popular design through the 1980s. It was used in a new generation of personal computers with graphical user interfaces, including the Apple Macintosh, Commodore Amiga, Atari ST and many others, it competed against the Intel 8088, found in the IBM PC, which it outperformed. The 68k and 8088 pushed other designs, like the Zilog Z8000 and National Semiconductor 32016, into niche markets, made Motorola a major player in the CPU space.

The 68k was soon expanded with additional family members, implementing full 32-bit ALUs as part of the growing Motorola 68000 series. The original 68k is software forward-compatible with the rest of the line despite being limited to a 16-bit wide external bus. After 40 years in production, the 68000 architecture is still in use. Motorola's first widely-produced CPU was the Motorola 6800. Although a capable design, it was eclipsed by more powerful designs, such as the Zilog Z80, less powerful but faster designs, such as the MOS 6502; as the sales prospects of the 6800 dimmed, Motorola began a new design to replace it. This became the Motorola Advanced Computer System on Silicon project, or MACSS, begun in 1976; the MACSS aimed to develop an new architecture without backward compatibility with the 6800. It did retain a bus protocol compatibility mode for existing 6800 peripheral devices, a version with an 8-bit data bus was produced. However, the designers focused on the future, or forward compatibility, which gave the 68000 design a head start against 32-bit instruction set architectures.

For instance, the CPU registers are 32 bits wide, though few self-contained structures in the processor itself operate on 32 bits at a time. The MACSS team drew on the influence of minicomputer processor design, such as the PDP-11 and VAX systems, which were microcode-based. In the mid 1970s, the 8-bit microprocessor manufacturers raced to introduce the 16-bit generation. National Semiconductor had been first with its IMP-16 and PACE processors in 1973–1975, but these had issues with speed. Intel had worked on their advanced 16/32-bit Intel iAPX 432 since 1975 and their Intel 8086 since 1976. Arriving late to the 16-bit arena afforded the new processor more transistors, 32-bit macroinstructions, acclaimed general ease of use; the original MC68000 was fabricated using an HMOS process with a 3.5 µm feature size. Formally introduced in September 1979, initial samples were released in February 1980, with production chips available over the counter in November. Initial speed grades were 4, 6, 8 MHz. 10 MHz chips became available during 1981, 12.5 MHz chips by June 1982.

The 16.67 MHz "12F" version of the MC68000, the fastest version of the original HMOS chip, was not produced until the late 1980s. The 68k instruction set was well suited to implement Unix, the 68000 and its successors became the dominant CPUs for Unix-based workstations including Sun workstations and Apollo/Domain workstations; the 68000 was used for mass-market computers such as the Apple Lisa, Macintosh and Atari ST. The 68000 was used in Microsoft Xenix systems, as well as an early NetWare Unix-based Server; the 68000 was used in the first generation of desktop laser printers, including the original Apple Inc. LaserWriter and the HP LaserJet. In 1982, the 68000 received a minor update to its ISA to support virtual memory and to conform to the Popek and Goldberg virtualization requirements; the updated chip was called the 68010. It added a new "loop mode" which sped up small loops, increased overall performance by about 10% at the same clock speeds. A further extended version, which exposed 31 bits of the address bus, was produced in small quantities as the 68012.

To support lower-cost systems and control applications with smaller memory sizes, Motorola introduced the 8-bit compatible MC68008 in 1982. This was a 68000 with a smaller address bus. After 1982, Motorola devoted more attention to the 88000 projects. Several other companies were second-source manufacturers of the HMOS 68000; these included Hitachi, who shrank the feature size to 2.7 µm for their 12.5 MHz version, Rockwell, Thomson/SGS-Thomson, Toshiba. Toshiba was a second-source maker of the CMOS 68HC000. Encrypted variants of the 68000, being the Hitachi FD1089 and FD1094, store decryption keys for opcodes and opcode data in battery-backed memory and were used in certain Sega arcade systems including System 16 to prevent piracy and illegal bootleg games; the 68HC000, the first CMOS version of the 68000, was designed by Hitachi and jointly introduced in 1985. Motorola's version was called the MC68HC000, while Hitachi's was the HD68HC000; the 68HC000 was offered at speeds of

Astronot (video game)

Astronot is a 2012 action-adventure platform game created by indie developer Wade McGillis. It is similar to the Metroid series; the player character is an astronaut who has crash-landed on an alien planet, must plunge into its depths in search of parts with which to repair the damaged ship. Astronot is a side-scrolling game in which the player guides the astronaut through a vast subterranean maze. At the beginning of the game, the astronaut can do little but run, jump, an shoot, but as the player ventures deeper into the planet and acquires items, their abilities will expand; the player will periodically need to backtrack to previous areas with their new powers to access new pathways. Astronot received positive reviews sitting at 78/100 on Metacritic. Pocket Gamer scored the game a "Gold" score of 9/10, saying, "Astronot is a great example of how a platformer doesn't have to be tied down in straight lines; this is a game that doesn't just encourage you to think for yourself, but forces you to."

However, it acknowledged that "he esoteric nature of the game won't be to everyone's taste". Carter Dotson of 148 Apps awarded the game 4 stars out of 5, wrote, "I find myself wishing that Astronot held my hand a bit more", among other things, the game's lack of an in-game map: "It is easy to get lost here." He concluded that "Astronot nails the retro experience like no other game on the App Store has", but added, "hat’s not always in the player’s best interest". TouchArcade gave it 4 stars out of 5, calling it "an ugly game" and "a genuinely good game that’s kind of bad", but concluded, "it’s a lot of fun, interesting enough that, given my resistance to cheating, I have a feeling I’ll be squatting my way through for another solid three or four weeks." AppSpy was less positive, scoring the game 3 out of 5. Astronot at GameFAQs Astronot at Giant Bomb

Series 1, Episode 4 (Humans)

"Episode 4" is the fourth episode of the first series of Humans, a show based on Real Humans and co-produced by Channel 4 and AMC. It aired in the UK on 5 July 2015. During this episode, Joe has sex with Anita, Mattie meets Leo and Niska narrowly avoids being captured; the episode received positive reviews, garnering 3.95 million UK viewers and 1.05 million U. S. viewers. Laura meets a client who thinks synths can deserve human rights. Meanwhile, her husband Joe feels lonely while she has sex with Anita. Mattie meets up with Leo in a café, she runs away. Max tells Leo that he has found something in Anita's code: they discover David Elster had left executable code within Mia's programming, they find Doctor Millican. Leo tries to run the program. Niska finds a "Smash club" where synths are savagely beaten for entertainment and starts attacking the humans there with a baseball bat. Leo says she needs to meet him, because he needs her code. Niska threatens to kill him. Laura and Joe take Anita in to be diagnosed and discover she is at least fourteen years old and may have been illegally modified.

Meanwhile, Pete Drummond's wife asks him to leave their house for a few days, growing sick of him and fond of their synth, Simon. Unbeknownst to him, Karen is a synth herself; the episode aired in the UK on 5 July 2015 and was watched by 3.95 million households on Channel 4. On Channel 4+1, the show was watched by 0.445 million viewers. In the U. S. "Episode 4" received 1.05 million viewers. Gerard O'Donovan wrote in The Telegraph that "The more interesting themes and ideas are struggling to be heard in Channel 4's opaque drama", gave the episode a 3 out of 5. Neela Debnath of Express gave the episode a positive review, saying that the show "continues to beguile audiences", "keeps getting better and better" and "put a contemporary twist" on the subject of artificial intelligence. Debnath noted a change in style in this episode, claiming "Humans has moved from slowburn thriller to post-apocalyptic drama of the Terminator". Morgan Jeffery of Digital Spy complimented the episode, writing that "Humans remains vital and utterly involving television, delivering game-changing twists and turns by the bucketload."

Rob Smedley of Cultbox gave the episode 5 out of 5 stars, calling it "great drama" and "strong storytelling". Michael Noble wrote in Den of Geek. Episode 4 on AMC's official website Episode Guide for Humans on Channel 4's official website "Series 1, Episode 4" on IMDb "Series 1, Episode 4" at TV.com

The Flatmates

The Flatmates, part of the mid-1980s British indie pop boom, were part of The Subway Organization, a Bristol record label formed by Martin Whitehead, guitarist and main songwriter for the band. Following the band's formation in 1985, singles such as "I Could Be in Heaven", "Happy All the Time" and "Shimmer" established the band as a successful indie band, but the Flatmates disbanded in early 1989 before releasing a proper studio album; the band's core members were Debbie Haynes. The band included Kath Beach and Rocker. Prior to recording their first single, Beach was replaced by Sarah Fletcher; the line-up of Haynes, Whitehead and Rocker recorded the first two Flatmates singles, 1986's "I Could Be in Heaven" and 1987's "Happy All the Time", both Whitehead compositions. Rocker left the band prior to their third single, November 1987's "You're Gonna Cry", was replaced by Joel O'Beirne. "You're Gonna Cry" was a Rocker composition, the only A-side he would pen for the band. "Shimmer", released in March 1988 as the fourth Flatmates single, was the band's biggest hit, reaching No. 2 on the UK Indie Chart.

Shortly after the single was released, Tim Rippington was added as a second guitarist. Bassist Fletcher left The Flatmates prior to their fifth and final single "Heaven Knows", she was replaced by Jackie Carrera. The band split up in 1989, with Carrera joining The Caretaker Race and Whitehead and O'Bierne forming The Sweet Young Things. Whitehead formed the short-lived band Shrimptractor in 1992. Two collections of Flatmates material have been released on Potpourri; the band were reformed by Whitehead in 2013, featuring Lisa Bouvier on vocals, released a single called "You Held My Heart" on Archdeacon of Pop Records. In August 2015, Bristol-based indie label Local Underground released a second new Flatmates single, featuring covers of "When You Were Mine" by Prince, "Comedian" by Cinerama. Love and Death Potpourri The Flatmates website YinPop site

Australians in the United Arab Emirates

Australians in the United Arab Emirates consist of 16,000 expatriates, most of whom live in Dubai and the capital of Abu Dhabi. Australians are attracted by the lifestyle Dubai offers, including the wealth of outdoor activities for their families. However, their population fell in 2009 due to the downturn in the economy of Dubai, as retrenched Australian expatriates with underwater real-estate loans fled the country to avoid debtor's prison. In Dubai and New Zealander expatriates joined together to set up the Australia New Zealand Association, which aims to provide mutual support for their communities in the entire UAE; the Australian International School, Sharjah is an established international school, catering to much of the Australian community. The school's education system and syllabus is Queensland-curriculum based. Australia–United Arab Emirates relations Emirati Australian Unity Resources Group Australia New Zealand Association, UAE Aussies Abroad - Abu Dhabi