Marv Albert is an American sportscaster. Honored for his work as a member of the Basketball Hall of Fame, he is referred to as "the voice of basketball". From 1967 to 2004, he was known as "the voice of the New York Knicks". Albert works for Turner Sports, serving as lead announcer for NBA games on TNT. In addition to calling both professional and college basketball, he has experience announcing other sports such as American football, ice hockey, horse racing and tennis. Albert has called the play-by-play of eight Super Bowls, NBA Finals, seven Stanley Cup Finals, he has called the Wimbledon Tennis Championships for TNT with Jim Courier and Mary Carillo. He worked as a co-host and reporter for two World Series Albert was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn, where he went to Abraham Lincoln High School. While Albert grew up, members of his family owned a grocery store on Brighton Beach Avenue between 3rd and 4th streets known as Aufrichtig's, he attended Syracuse University's Newhouse School of Public Communications from 1960 through 1963.
In 1962, he served as the voice of the AAA Syracuse Chiefs. He graduated from New York University in 1965. Marv did his first Knicks game on January 1963 on WCBS Radio, he filled in for his mentor, Marty Glickman, away in Europe. The game was against the Celtics at the Boston Garden. For 37 years beginning in 1967, Albert was the voice of the New York Knicks on radio and television before being let go by James L. Dolan, the chairman of the MSG Network and Cablevision, after Albert criticized the Knicks' poor play on-air in 2004, it was said that Marv's high salary was a factor. His son Kenny Albert has been a part-time play-by-play announcer for the Knicks since 2009, whenever the older Albert's successor Mike Breen is unavailable. For a brief period before he resumed his normal broadcasting duties following his sexual assault arrest, Albert anchored MSG's former nightly sports news report, MSG SportsDesk. Marv Albert was the lead play-by-play broadcaster for the NBA on NBC for most of its run from 1990 to 2002, calling every NBA Finals during that timeframe except for 1998, 1999, 2000.
During this time, Bob Costas had taken over the lead job and called the Finals after Marv's arrest for sexual assault had brought him national disgrace. Marv resumed his previous position for the 2000–2001 season and called Game 4 of the 2002 NBA Finals, the final NBA telecast on NBC. During his time on NBC, Albert continued as lead play-by-play man for the New York Knicks on local MSG Network telecasts and began calling national games for TNT in 1999 as well; when he regained the lead broadcaster position on NBC, he continued to call play-by-play for both networks until the end of NBC's coverage in 2002. Albert continues to be the lead play-by-play announcer for National Basketball Association games on TNT, a position he assumed in 1999. Indeed, TNT has become his primary commitment since his longtime employer NBC lost the NBA broadcasting rights in 2002, may have played a role in his departure from the Knicks' broadcast booth; the Knicks wanted Albert to accept a salary commensurate with his reduced Knicks schedule, but weren't happy about Albert making what Knicks management felt were overly critical comments about their team in spite of their losing record.
In basketball, his most famous call is his simple "Yes!" for a basket, rendered in many variations of volume and length depending on the situation. On April 17, 2002, shortly after calling a game between the Indiana Pacers and Philadelphia 76ers on TNT, both Albert and color analyst Mike Fratello were injured in a limo accident in Trenton, New Jersey. Albert sustained facial lacerations, a concussion, a sprained ankle; the 2002 NBA Playoffs were set to begin two days with Albert scheduled to call multiple games that week. Bob Costas filled in those games and Albert returned to call Game 1 of the Western Conference Semifinals between the Dallas Mavericks and Sacramento Kings. In 2018, Sports Broadcast Journal speculated that Albert might be the first network play-by-play broadcaster to continue into his 80s, Will Marv Albert be the first network play-by-play announcer to call games into his 80s In 2005, Albert became the lead play-by-play man for the New Jersey Nets franchise and started calling their games on the YES Network teaming with Brooklyn native and NBA veteran, Mark Jackson.
With that, the Nets employed all three Albert brothers during the franchise's history. Beginning with the 2008–09 season, Albert was paired with his TNT broadcast colleague Mike Fratello on the YES Network. However, with the Nets' struggles in the 2009–10 season, Nets management relegated Albert to secondary play-by-play, to avoid a similar incident while Albert was with the Knicks. Since Ian Eagle has taken over the broadcasts. In 2011, Albert left the YES Network to join CBS Sports for NCAA tournament coverage. Albert hosts a basketball-focused interview show on NBA TV, which airs on YES. Since 2003, Albert has been providing the play-by-play voice on the NBA Live video-game series on EA Sports, a role he fulfilled until NBA Live 10. From 2011 to 2015, Albert announced NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship tournament g
In sports broadcasting, a sports commentator gives a running commentary of a game or event in real time during a live broadcast, traditionally delivered in the historical present tense. Radio was the first medium for sports broadcasts, radio commentators must describe all aspects of the action to listeners who cannot see it for themselves. In the case of televised sports coverage, commentators are presented as a voiceover, with images of the contest shown on viewers' screens and sounds of the action and spectators heard in the background. Television commentators are shown on screen during an event, though some networks choose to feature their announcers on camera either before or after the contest or during breaks in the action; the main commentator called the play-by-play announcer or commentator in North America, blow-by-blow in combat sports coverage or lap-by-lap for motorsports coverage, is the primary speaker on the broadcast. Broadcasters in this role are valued for their articulateness and for their ability to describe each play or event of an fast-moving sporting event.
The ideal play-by-play voice has a vocal timbre, tolerable to hear over the multiple hours of a sports broadcast and yet dynamic enough to convey and enhance the importance of the in-game activity. Because of their skills, some commentators like Al Michaels in the U. S. David Coleman in the UK and Bruce McAvaney in Australia, may have careers in which they call several different sports at one time or another. Other main commentators may, only call one sport; the vast majority of play-by-play announcers are male. Radio and television play-by-play techniques involve different approaches, it is unusual to have radio and television broadcasts share the same play-by-play commentator for the same event, except in cases of low production budgets or when a broadcaster is renowned. The analyst or color commentator provides expert analysis and background information, such as statistics, strategy on the teams and athletes, anecdotes or light humor, they are former athletes or coaches in their respective sports, although there are some exceptions.
The term "color" refers to insight provided by analyst. The most common format for a sports broadcast is to have an analyst/color commentator work alongside the main/play-by-play announcer. An example is NBC Sunday Night Football in the United States, called by color commentator Cris Collinsworth, a former American football receiver, play-by-play commentator Al Michaels, a professional announcer. In the United Kingdom, there is a much less distinct division between play-by-play and color commentary, although two-man commentary teams feature an enthusiast with formal journalistic training but little or no competitive experience leading the commentary, an expert former competitor following up with analysis or summary. There are however exceptions to this — most of the United Kingdom's leading cricket and snooker commentators are former professionals in their sports, while the former Formula One racing commentator Murray Walker had no formal journalistic training and only limited racing experience of his own.
In the United States, George "Pat" Summerall, a former professional kicker, spent most of his broadcasting career as a play-by-play announcer. Although the combination of a play-by-play announcer and a color commentator is standard as of 2014, in the past it was much more common for a broadcast to have no analysts and just have a single play-by-play announcer to work alone. Vin Scully, longtime announcer for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team, was one of the few examples of this practice lasting into the 21st century until he retired in 2016. A sideline reporter assists a sports broadcasting crew with sideline coverage of the playing field or court; the sideline reporter makes live updates on injuries and breaking news or conducts player interviews while players are on the field or court because the play-by-play broadcaster and color commentator must remain in their broadcast booth. Sideline reporters are granted inside information about an important update, such as injury, because they have the credentials necessary to do so.
In cases of big events, teams consisting of many sideline reporters are placed strategically so that the main commentator has many sources to turn to. In motorsports, it is typical for there to be multiple pit reporters, covering the event from along pit road, their responsibilities will include covering breaking news trackside, interviewing crew chiefs and other team leaders about strategy, commentating on pit stops from along the pit wall. In British sports broadcasting, the presenter of a sports broadcast is distinct from the commentator, based in a remote broadcast television studio away from the sports venue. In North America, the on-air personality based in the studio is called the studio host. During their shows, the presenter/studio host may be joined by additional analysts or pundits when showing highlights of various other matches. Various sports may have different commentator
NCAA March Madness (TV program)
NCAA March Madness is the branding used for coverage of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament, jointly produced by CBS Sports, the sports division of the CBS television network, Turner Sports, the national sports division of WarnerMedia in the United States. Through the agreement between CBS and WarnerMedia, which began with the 2011 tournament, games are televised on CBS, TNT, TBS and truTV. CBS Sports Network has re-aired games from all networks. CBS continued to provide coverage during most rounds, with the three WarnerMedia channels covering much of the early rounds up to the Sweet Sixteen. Starting in 2016, the regional finals, Final Four and national championship game began to alternate between CBS and TBS. TBS holds the rights to the final two rounds in numbered years, with CBS getting the games in odd numbered years; this joint tournament coverage should be distinguished from CBS's regular-season coverage, which it produces independently through its sports division. None of WarnerMedia's outlets cover regular-season college basketball games.
Games broadcast on all four networks use a variation of the longtime CBS College Basketball theme music. On April 22, 2010, the National Collegiate Athletic Association reached a 14-year agreement, worth US$10.8 billion, with CBS and the Turner Broadcasting System to receive joint broadcast rights to the Division I men's college basketball tournament. This came after speculation; the NCAA took advantage of an opt-out clause in its 1999 deal with CBS to announce its intention to sign a new contract with CBS and Turner Sports, a division of Time Warner. The new contract came amid serious consideration by the NCAA of expanding the tournament to 68 teams; the agreement, which runs through 2032, stipulates. All First Four games air on truTV. During the first and second rounds, a featured game in each time "window" is broadcast terrestrially on CBS, while all other games are shown on TBS, TNT or TruTV. Sweet 16 and Elite 8 games are split among CBS and TBS. In 2014 and 2015, Turner channels had exclusive rights to the Final Four, CBS broadcast the championship game.
Since 2016, rights to the Final Four and championship game alternate between Turner and CBS. The same number of "windows" are provided to CBS as before, although unlike with the previous schedule where all games in a window started within 10 minutes of each other, resulting in the possibility of multiple close games ending at once, the start times of games are staggered, with action lasting in the night and fewer simultaneous games than in the previous format; as a result of the new deal, Mega March Madness, a pay-per-view out-of-market sports package covering games in the tournament, was discontinued. March Madness On Demand remained unchanged, with Turner Interactive taking over management of both that service and NCAA.com at the start of 2011. The contract was expected to be signed after a review by the NCAA Board of Directors. In 2012, the service was changed. All other games are available to authenticated subscribers to the channels on participating television providers; the 2018 tournament, with TBS televising the national semifinals and final, is the first in which those particular games are subject to authentication restrictions.
The CBS-WarnerMedia coverage formally begins with The Selection Show—in which the teams participating in the tournament are announced, which follows CBS's coverage of the final game on Selection Sunday. During the tournament itself, truTV broadcasts pre-game coverage, Infiniti NCAA Tip-Off, while TBS and TruTV air the post-game show Inside March Madness. CBS produces coverage of the Reese's College All-Star Game, the Division II championship game, which are both aired as part of the March Madness package. In 2016, CBS extended the selection show to a two-hour format. In 2017, the selection show was shortened to a 90-minute format. Beginning with 2018, the selection show will return to a two-hour format, but the special aired on TBS instead, marking the first time since 1982 that the official bracket unveiling has not aired on CBS; the Selection Show will now alternate between TBS and CBS with TBS airing the Selection Show in numbered years, with CBS airing the Selection Show in odd numbered years.
On April 16, 2016, the contract was extended to 2032 in an $8.8 billion deal. The current broadcasting arrangements, including alternating broadcasts of the semi-finals and final, will remain in force. WarnerMedia began the process of dissolving the Turner Broadcasting System in March 2019; the corporate reorganization will not outwardly affect coverage of NCAA March Madness, which remains on the same networks. Additionally, for 2014, truTV and TNT aired special "Teamcast" coverage of the Final Four alongside TBS's conventional coverage, which featured commentators and other guests representing the schools in each game. While the consortium planned to tap local radio announcers from each team for the teamcasts, the majority refused due to commitments in calling t
FIFA World Cup
The FIFA World Cup simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War; the current champion is France. The current format of the competition involves a qualification phase, which takes place over the preceding three years, to determine which teams qualify for the tournament phase, called the World Cup Finals. After this, 32 teams, including the automatically qualifying host nation, compete in the tournament phase for the title at venues within the host nation over a period of about a month; the 21 World Cup tournaments have been won by eight national teams. Brazil have won five times, they are the only team to have played in every tournament; the other World Cup winners are Italy, with four titles each.
The World Cup is the most prestigious association football tournament in the world, as well as the most viewed and followed sporting event in the world, exceeding the Olympic Games. Brazil, Italy and Mexico have each hosted twice, while Uruguay, Sweden, England, Spain, the United States and South Korea, South Africa and Russia have each hosted once. Qatar are planned as hosts of the 2022 finals, 2026 will be jointly hosted by Canada, the United States and Mexico, which will give Mexico the distinction of being the first country to have hosted games in three finals; the world's first international football match was a challenge match played in Glasgow in 1872 between Scotland and England, which ended in a 0–0 draw. The first international tournament, the inaugural British Home Championship, took place in 1884; as football grew in popularity in other parts of the world at the start of the 20th century, it was held as a demonstration sport with no medals awarded at the 1900 and 1904 Summer Olympics, at the 1906 Intercalated Games.
After FIFA was founded in 1904, it tried to arrange an international football tournament between nations outside the Olympic framework in Switzerland in 1906. These were early days for international football, the official history of FIFA describes the competition as having been a failure. At the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, football became an official competition. Planned by The Football Association, England's football governing body, the event was for amateur players only and was regarded suspiciously as a show rather than a competition. Great Britain won the gold medals, they repeated the feat at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm. With the Olympic event continuing to be contested only between amateur teams, Sir Thomas Lipton organised the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy tournament in Turin in 1909; the Lipton tournament was a championship between individual clubs from different nations, each one of which represented an entire nation. The competition is sometimes described as The First World Cup, featured the most prestigious professional club sides from Italy and Switzerland, but the FA of England refused to be associated with the competition and declined the offer to send a professional team.
Lipton invited an amateur side from County Durham, to represent England instead. West Auckland won the tournament and returned in 1911 to defend their title. In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a "world football championship for amateurs", took responsibility for managing the event; this paved the way for the world's first intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, contested by Egypt and 13 European teams, won by Belgium. Uruguay won the next two Olympic football tournaments in 1924 and 1928; those were the first two open world championships, as 1924 was the start of FIFA's professional era. Due to the success of the Olympic football tournaments, FIFA, with President Jules Rimet as the driving force, again started looking at staging its own international tournament outside of the Olympics. On 28 May 1928, the FIFA Congress in Amsterdam decided to stage a world championship itself. With Uruguay now two-time official football world champions and to celebrate their centenary of independence in 1930, FIFA named Uruguay as the host country of the inaugural World Cup tournament.
The national associations of selected nations were invited to send a team, but the choice of Uruguay as a venue for the competition meant a long and costly trip across the Atlantic Ocean for European sides. Indeed, no European country pledged to send a team until two months before the start of the competition. Rimet persuaded teams from Belgium, France and Yugoslavia to make the trip. In total, 13 nations took part: seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America; the first two World Cup matches took place on 13 July 1930, were won by France and the USA, who defeated Mexico 4–1 and Belgium 3–0 respectively. The first goal in World Cup history was scored by Lucien Laurent o
NBA All-Star Weekend
The National Basketball Association All-Star Weekend is a weekend festival held every February during the middle of the NBA regular season that consists of a variety of basketball events and performances culminating in the NBA All-Star Game held on Sunday night. No regular season games are held during this period, known as the All-Star break, it is right after the trade deadline. The All-Star Game, held on Sunday, is the main event of the weekend; the game showcases a mix of the league's star players, who are drafted by the two players with the most votes. Each team consists of 12 players, it is the featured event of NBA All-Star Weekend. NBA All-Star Weekend is a three-day event; the All-Star Game was first played at the Boston Garden on March 2, 1951. The starting lineup for each squad is selected by a combination of fan and media voting, while the reserves are chosen by a vote among the head coaches from each squad's respective conference. Coaches are not allowed to vote for their own players.
If a selected player is injured and cannot participate, the NBA commissioner selects a replacement. The vote leaders for each conferences are assigned as captains and can choose from a pool of players named as all-stars to form their teams; the newly formed teams will play for a charity of choice to help the games remain competitive. On January 25, 2018, LeBron James and Stephen Curry became the first players to form their own teams according to the new selection format for the 2018 All-Star Game; the 2017 game was held at Smoothie King Center in home of the New Orleans Pelicans. The 2018 NBA All-Star Game was held at Staples Center in Los Angeles, home of the Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Clippers; the 2019 NBA All-Star Game will be held at Spectrum Center in Charlotte, North Carolina, home of the Charlotte Hornets. The NBA Jam Session, a "theme park of basketball", has been a part of the All-Star festivities since 1992, with fans able to take part in numerous interactive basketball related activities from Thursday through Monday.
The NBA Jam Session is targeted to young fans. NBA All-Star Celebrity Game: First held in 2003, the game features retired NBA players, WNBA players, actors and athletes from sports other than basketball. Rising Stars Challenge: From 1994 until 1999, the event was called the "Rookie Game," and composed of first-year players. From 2000 through 2011, the game, renamed the "Rookie Challenge", featured a team of first-year players against a team of second-year players; the 2012 game debuted a new name, the "Rising Stars Challenge", a new format. While the game continued to feature first- and second-year players, the participants were assigned to teams in a "fantasy draft" by two honorary captains. In 2015, the Rising Stars Challenge format was switched again to a USA vs the World format, the current format in use. G League Dream Factory Friday Night: First held in 2008, the events includes a slam dunk contest and a three-point shootout; these events were modeled after the NBA All-Star Saturday Night events.
G League All-Star Game: First held in 2007, this game features the best players from the NBA G League. The first winner was the East by a score of 114–100; the G League All-Star game was not held in the same arena as all the other All-Star Saturday activities. Instead, it was held on NBA Jam Session's practice court. Slam Dunk Contest: This competition showcases the creativity and athletic ability of some of the league's best and youngest dunkers; the specific rules of the contest are decided each year, but the competition is always judged subjectively. After each dunk, or attempted dunk, competitors are awarded a mark out of 10 from five judges, giving a possible high score of 50; the usual rules of'traveling' and double dribbling do not apply. The most recent winner is Hamidou Diallo of the Oklahoma City Thunder. Three-Point Contest: The league's best three point shooters shoot five basketballs from five different spots around the three-point line; each shot is worth one point except the last ball of each rack, worth two points.
The highest score available in one round has been 34 points since 2014, when the format changed so that in addition to the last ball of every rack, one of the five racks would contain money balls. The shooters have one minute to shoot the basketballs; the most recent winner is Joe Harris of the Brooklyn Nets. Skills Challenge: Making its debut in 2003, the Skills Challenge pits selected players in a timed obstacle course of dribbling and passing. Agility and accuracy all come into play; the most recent winner is Jayson Tatum of the Boston Celtics. NBA All-Star Game Shooting Stars Competition: Held from 2004 to 2015 Legends Classic: Held from 1984 to 1993, the Classic was a game featuring retired NBA players; as in the All-Star Game, the teams were designated West. The Legends game opened the Saturday program; the NBA canceled the Legends Classic after 1994 due to the players' frequent injuries from the game due to the large range in fitness levels among younger and older alumni. The Rising Stars Challenge is its replacement.
2Ball Contest: Held 1998, 2000-2001 H–O–R–S–E Competition: Held 2009-2010 Hoop-it-up All Star Tournament: Held 2002-2003 Old-Timers Game: Held in 1957 and 1964 NBA All-Star Game at nba.com
National Football League
The National Football League is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided between the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference. The NFL is one of the four major professional sports leagues in North America, the highest professional level of American football in the world; the NFL's 17-week regular season runs from early September to late December, with each team playing 16 games and having one bye week. Following the conclusion of the regular season, six teams from each conference advance to the playoffs, a single-elimination tournament culminating in the Super Bowl, held in the first Sunday in February, is played between the champions of the NFC and AFC; the NFL was formed in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association before renaming itself the National Football League for the 1922 season. The NFL agreed to merge with the American Football League in 1966, the first Super Bowl was held at the end of that season. Today, the NFL has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world and is the most popular sports league in the United States.
The Super Bowl is among the biggest club sporting events in the world and individual Super Bowl games account for many of the most watched television programs in American history, all occupying the Nielsen's Top 5 tally of the all-time most watched U. S. television broadcasts by 2015. The NFL's executive officer is the commissioner; the players in the league belong to the National Football League Players Association. The team with the most NFL championships is the Green Bay Packers with thirteen; the current NFL champions are the New England Patriots, who defeated the Los Angeles Rams in Super Bowl LIII for their sixth Super Bowl championship. On August 20, 1920, a meeting was held by representatives of the Akron Pros, Canton Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians, Dayton Triangles at the Jordan and Hupmobile auto showroom in Canton, Ohio; this meeting resulted in the formation of the American Professional Football Conference, a group who, according to the Canton Evening Repository, intended to "raise the standard of professional football in every way possible, to eliminate bidding for players between rival clubs and to secure cooperation in the formation of schedules".
Another meeting was held on September 17, 1920 with representatives from teams from four states-Akron, Canton and Dayton from Ohio. The league was renamed to the American Professional Football Association; the league elected Jim Thorpe as its first president, consisted of 14 teams. The Massillon Tigers from Massillon, Ohio was at the September 17 meeting, but did not field a team in 1920. Only two of these teams, the Decatur Staleys and the Chicago Cardinals, remain. Although the league did not maintain official standings for its 1920 inaugural season and teams played schedules that included non-league opponents, the APFA awarded the Akron Pros the championship by virtue of their 8–0–3 record; the first event occurred on September 26, 1920 when the Rock Island Independents defeated the non-league St. Paul Ideals 48–0 at Douglas Park. On October 3, 1920, the first full week of league play occurred; the following season resulted in the Chicago Staleys controversially winning the title over the Buffalo All-Americans.
On June 24, 1922, the APFA changed its name to the National Football League. In 1932, the season ended with the Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans tied for first in the league standings. At the time, teams were ranked on a single table and the team with the highest winning percentage at the end of the season was declared the champion; this method had been used since the league's creation in 1920, but no situation had been encountered where two teams were tied for first. The league determined that a playoff game between Chicago and Portsmouth was needed to decide the league's champion; the teams were scheduled to play the playoff game a regular season game that would count towards the regular season standings, at Wrigley Field in Chicago, but a combination of heavy snow and extreme cold forced the game to be moved indoors to Chicago Stadium, which did not have a regulation-size football field. Playing with altered rules to accommodate the smaller playing field, the Bears won the game 9–0 and thus won the championship.
Fan interest in the de facto championship game led the NFL, beginning in 1933, to split into two divisions with a championship game to be played between the division champions. The 1934 season marked the first of 12 seasons in which African Americans were absent from the league; the de facto ban was rescinded in 1946, following public pressure and coinciding with the removal of a similar ban in Major League Baseball. The NFL was always the foremost pro
Smyrna is a city in Cobb County, United States. It is located northwest of Atlanta, is in the inner ring of the Atlanta Metropolitan Area; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 51,271. The U. S. Census Bureau estimated the population in 2013 to be 53,438, it is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs–Roswell MSA, included in the Atlanta–Athens–Clarke–Sandy Springs CSA. Smyrna grew by 28% between the years 2000 and 2012, it is one of the fastest growing cities in the State of Georgia, one of the most densely populated cities in the metro area. Pioneers began settling the area in 1832. By the late 1830s, a religious encampment called Smyrna Camp Ground had become a popular travel destination and was well known throughout Georgia, it was named by Greeks for the Biblical city of Smyrna, modern day Izmir in Turkey, the home of the famous Christian martyr Polycarp. After the completion of the Western and Atlantic Railroad in 1842, the area began to grow, it was known by several names until 1872—Varner's Station, Ruff's Siding, Neal Dow, Ruff's Station.
The city was incorporated with the name Smyrna in 1872. Two Civil War battles occurred in the area, the Battle of Smyrna Camp Ground and the Battle of Ruff's Mill, both on July 4, 1864; the area's businesses, homes and 1849 covered. The city elected its first woman mayor, Lorena Pace Pruitt, in 1946; the nearby Bell Bomber plant that produced B-29 bombers during World War II was reopened by Lockheed in 1951, became a catalyst for growth. The city's population grew during the next two decades, from 2,005 in 1950 to 20,000 by 1970; the restaurant scene in the film Joyful Noise was shot at Howard's Restaurant in Smyrna in 2011. Smyrna was ranked #4 in a 2014 study of the Best Cities for Young Adults in Georgia. Smyrna is part of the Atlanta metropolitan area, located about 1 mile northwest of the Atlanta city limits, with Smyrna's downtown about 10 miles from downtown Atlanta. Smyrna is located just west of the northern intersection of I-285 and I-75, the site of Cumberland and the Cobb Galleria. Smyrna is near Vinings, Mableton, Sandy Springs, the Buckhead district of Atlanta..
The center of Smyrna is located at 33°52′19″N 84°31′06″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.4 square miles, of which 15.4 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.23%, is water. The general terrain of the area is characteristic of the Piedmont region of Georgia, characterized by hills with broad ridges, sloping uplands, narrow valleys; the center of Smyrna is about 1,060 feet above sea level. The city's official symbol is the jonquil. Known as the "Jonquil City", it derives this name from the thousands of jonquils that flourish in gardens and along the streets in early spring; as of the 2014 census, there were 51,271 people, with 25% growth since 2000. There were 23,002 households; the population density was 3,300 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 46.63% African American, 31.6% White, 0.4% Native American, 4.9% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 3.1% from two or more races. 14.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
The population was distributed by age as follows: 22.6% under the age of 18, 18.8% from 18 to 29, 20% from 30 to 39, 14.9% from 40 to 49, 14.2% from 50–64, 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. As of 2011, 52.6% of Smyrna residents live in families with an average of 2.2 people per household. As of 2012, 52.2% of Smyrna residents have a college degree and 91.3% of residents have a high school diploma. This is one of the highest rates in the state of Georgia; the city is governed by a seven-member council, elected by wards, a mayor elected at-large. As of November 2018, Max Bacon is the mayor of Smyrna, a post he has held as long as anyone alive can remember; the city operates the Smyrna Public Library. As in most Georgia cities, Smyrna's municipal elections are nonpartisan, although officeholders may identify with one party or another. State and federal representation in the area include both Republicans. Smyrna politics is a vibrant environment, local elected officials are popular among their constituents.
Elections tend to be competitive. Important local issues include education, economic development, management of growth that comes from being a central point in the metropolitan Atlanta area. Smyrna citizens strive to achieve a balance between embracing and adapting to healthy changes in the city, with preservation of historic elements in the community; the median income for a household in the city for 2011 was $49,556, a 4% increase from 2000 and $3,549 over the Georgia average. The per capita income for the city was $34,439, a 24.7% increase from 2000. About 6.7% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line. The Atlanta Bread Company has its headquarters in Smyrna. Companies with an office include Eaton Corporation and IBM. Smyrna was the site of the corporate offices of the now-defunct World Championship Wrestling. According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: In 1991, the city began a community redevelopment project known as "Market Village," in order to create a well-defined downtown.
Included were 28,000-square-foot public library. A mixed retail and residential district was modeled after an early 1900s city village, including a square with a fountain. This, other expansions have revitalized the downtown ar