Robert "Bob" M. Peak was an American commercial illustrator, he is best known for his developments in the design of the modern movie poster. His artwork has been on the cover of Time magazine, TV Guide, Sports Illustrated, he illustrated advertisements and U. S. postage stamps. Bob Peak was born in Denver and grew up in Wichita, Kansas, he knew from an early age. He majored in geology at the University of Wichita and got a part-time job in the art department of McCormick-Armstrong. After serving in the military during the Korean War, Peak transferred to the Art Center College of Design in Los Angeles, graduating in 1951. In 1953, Peak landed an Old Hickory Whiskey advertising campaign, his work went on to appear in major advertising and national magazines. United Artists studio hired Peak in 1961 to design the poster images for the film West Side Story; the success of Peak's work on that film led to work on posters for designer Bill Gold, including the big-budget musicals My Fair Lady and Camelot.
In the mid-1970s Peak's style would become familiar to fans of science fiction films when he created the poster art for the futuristic film Rollerball, followed by the first five Star Trek films, Excalibur, both Derek Flint films, Apocalypse Now, The Spy Who Loved Me and other James Bond concepts. By the 1980s only the movie poster artist Drew Struzan was in as much demand by film directors. Peak received a commission from the U. S. Postal Service to design 30 stamps for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. From January 20 through April 17, 2011, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented the "Bob Peak: Creating the Modern Movie Poster" exhibit at its headquarters building in Beverly Hills. Peak taught in his own college and at Art Students League of New York, Pratt Institute and Famous Artists School. In 1961, Peak was named Artist of the Year by the Artists Guild of New York, he won eight Awards of Excellence and four gold medals from Society of Illustrators, which in 1977 Society of Illustrators inducted him to its Hall of Fame.
The Hollywood Reporter presented him the 1992 Key Art Lifetime Achievement Award. Richard Amsel Saul Bass Jack Davis Frank Frazetta The Brothers Hildebrandt Mitchell Hooks Tom Jung Frank McCarthy Robert McGinnis Drew Struzan Howard Terpning Bill Sienkiewicz A tribute to the legacy of Bob Peak featuring a gallery of Bob Peak's work, special event showings www. BOBPEAK.net official site by son Matthew Joseph Peak SANGUIN FINE ART GALLERY Bob Peak original art Critical essay on Bob Peak's art Bob Peak artwork can be viewed at American Art Archives web site
Ted was one of two airline divisional brands of United Airlines. It targeted vacation locations in the low cost airline market, in contrast to United's high end divisional "sub-fleeted" brand called United p.s.. "Ted" comes from the last three letters in the United brand name. United attempted to personify Ted. Due to the airline crisis caused by spiking fuel prices, on June 4, 2008, United announced that the Ted brand and services would be discontinued with the Ted aircraft being fitted with United's First Class cabin and being incorporated into United's regular fleet to compensate for the removal of United's entire Boeing 737 fleet. Operations were folded back into the mainline brand on January 6, 2009. Ted's creation was announced November 12, 2003, service began February 12, 2004, it began service in a United hub, to compete with Frontier Airlines. The airline had 56 Airbus A320s with 156 all-economy seats, allowing United to compete with low-cost airlines such as Frontier Airlines. All Ted flights were operated by United crews flying under the UAL operating certificate, as Ted was not a certificated airline, but rather a brand name applied to differentiate the all-economy service from United's mainline flights.
Therefore, because of operational needs, it was possible for one to see Ted aircraft operate as mainline United flights. At the time of its integration back into United Airlines, Ted flew to 23 destinations throughout the United States, including Puerto Rico, Mexico. Ted's primary hub was at Denver International Airport, the airline maintained focus cities at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport, San Francisco International Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport near Washington, DC. Ted was transferred to UA mainline. United Airlines had 56 aircraft in its fleet dedicated to Ted operations, its fleet consisted of Airbus A320-200 aircraft. Ted's A320s were configured in one class, split into two sub-classes. Economy Plus was the first sub-class which included rows 1-11. Economy Plus provided an extra five inches to the existing 31 inches of seat pitch for economy. Ted planes were equipped with 20 overhead retractable LCD screens known as "Tedevision" which were used to play videos throughout the flight.
First class seating was not available on Ted flights. Every seat had TedTunes, which had 12 music stations plus a station that played live feeds from Air Traffic Control at the pilot's discretion. Air Canada Tango a low-cost no-frills service offered by Air Canada that operated from 2001 to 2004 Delta Express a low-cost subsidiary of Delta from 1996 until 2003 that preceded Song. Jetstar Airways a low-cost subsidiary of Qantas operating since 2003. MetroJet a low-cost subsidiary of US Airways that operated from 1998 until 2001 Shuttle by United a low-cost subsidiary of United that operated from 1994 until 2001 and preceded Ted Song a low-cost subsidiary of Delta that operated from 2003 until 2006 that replaced Delta Express List of defunct airlines of the United States
Sykes Camp is located 10 miles from the Pfeiffer Big Sur State Park trailhead along the Pine Ridge Trail. There were seven campsites along both sides of the Big Sur River, both upstream and downstream from where the trail intersects the river. There was a pit toilet downstream of this intersection. Sykes was accessible, prior to their closure, from the lower Pine Ridge Trail, Terrace Creek and Ventana Camp trails; the strenuous hike 10 miles hike from the coast requires climbing from the trailhead at 313 feet to 1,575 feet in about 4 miles. Before the camp was impacted by the heavy rains and resultant flooding during the 2017-18 winter, there were seven campsites along both sides of the Big Sur River, both upstream and downstream from where the trail intersects the river. There was a pit toilet downstream of this intersection; when the camp site was open, there were three small man-made pools, trapping the flow of a hot spring, carved out of the southern hillside about.25 miles downstream from where the trail intersects the river.
The largest of the hot springs pools, adjacent to the river, was about 8 feet across and a about 2 feet deep, suitable for about four adults. The temperature was 100 °F depending on rain. According to the Forest Service, the man-made tubs were illegal impoundments that are inconsistent with the intention of a wilderness experience; the U. S. Forest Service proposed asking rangers or volunteers to remove, discouraging visitors from rebuilding, the containment structures when they wash out after winter rains; the hot tubs were characterized by the Ventana Wilderness Alliance as "an attractive nuisance" that required an undue amount of time and attention of the U. S. Forest Service and volunteers due to ongoing needs for visitor education, fire restriction enforcement, the chronic need to clean-up after careless visitors and pack out hundreds of pounds of trash and abandoned gear; the pools were wiped out by heavy rains during the 2017-18 winter. In January 2020, the Forest Service stated that when the Pine Ridge Trail is reopened, it would not allow the rudimentary hot spring enclosures destroyed by floods to be rebuilt.
"The hot tubs are not going to be allowed back," Forest Service spokesperson Lynn Olson stated. The artificial structures violate wilderness laws that do not permit man-made structures. Sykes Camp is alongside the protected Big Sur River; the challenging trail to the camp from the coast has been littered with abandoned backpacks and tents, jackets, food wrappers, water bottles, toilet paper. The campsite and hot springs were at times crowded on holidays and weekends. Over 200 people have been counted camping near the river, although there are only seven designated campsites designed to host 20 visitors and a single pit toilet; some visitors report that improperly buried human waste is visible. Many visitors to Sykes are unaware that unlike state parks, the wilderness camp site does not provide garbage service. Unprepared for the difficult hike, they abandon trash and gear at Sykes, which encourages others to do the same. Richard Popchak of the Ventana Wilderness Alliance reported that, "The U. S. Forest Service is woefully understaffed.
In the Monterey Ranger District, they have not employed a Wilderness Ranger since the 1980s." The Pine Ridge Trail was closed during the Soberanes Fire in June 2017 and was damaged by the fire and rain during the following winter. As of August 2018, the trail was blocked by multiple washouts along creeks and dozens of fallen trees across the path. Reopening the trail requires an environmental assessment and re-routing the trail; the trail was closed indefinitely. Entering the closed areas can result in a penalty of $5,000 and/or six months in jail. In January, 2020, the Forest Service announced that trail crews were restoring and rerouting the Pine Ridge Trail, it might open in the summer of 2020