Šibenik is a historic city in Croatia, located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea. Šibenik is a political, transport and tourist center of Šibenik–Knin County and the third-largest city in the historic region of Dalmatia. It is the oldest native Croatian town on the shores of the sea. There are multiple interpretations of. In his fifteenth century book De situ Illiriae et civitate Sibenici, Juraj Šižgorić describes the name and location of Šibenik, he attributes the name of the city to it being surrounded by a palisade made of šibe. Another interpretation is associated with the forest through the latin toponym "Sibinicum," which covered a narrower microregion within Šibenik on and around the area of St. Michael's Fortress. Unlike other cities along the Adriatic coast, which were established by Greeks and Romans, Šibenik was founded by Croats. Excavations of the castle of St. Michael, have since proven that the place was inhabited long before the actual arrival of the Croats.
It was mentioned for the first time under its present name in 1066 in a Charter of the Croatian King Petar Krešimir IV and, for a period of time, it was a seat of this Croatian King. For that reason, Šibenik is called "Krešimirov grad". Between the 11th and 12th centuries, Šibenik was tossed back and forth among Venice and Hungary, it was conquered by the Republic of Venice in 1116, who held it until 1124, when they lost it to the Byzantine Empire, held it again until 1133 when it was retaken by the Kingdom of Hungary. It would change hands among the aforementioned states several more times until 1180; the city was given the status of a town in 1167 from Stephen III of Hungary. It received its own diocese in 1298. In the 14th century, "Vlachs" were present in the hinterland of Šibenik; the city, like the rest of Dalmatia resisted the Venetian Republic, but it was taken over after a three-year war in 1412. Under Venetian rule, Šibenik became in 1412 the seat of the main customs office and the seat of the salt consumers office with a monopoly on the salt trade in Chioggia and on the whole Adriatic Sea.
In August 1417, Venetian authorities were concerned with the "Morlachs and other Slavs" from the hinterland, that were a threat to security in Šibenik. The Ottoman Empire started to threaten Šibenik, as part of their struggle against Venice, at the end of the 15th century, but they never succeeded in conquering it. In the 16th century, St. Nicholas Fortress was built and, by the 17th century, its fortifications were improved again by the fortresses of St. John and Šubićevac; the Morlachs started settling Šibenik during the Cretan War. The fall of the Republic of Venice in 1797 brought Sebenico under the authority of the Habsburg Monarchy. After the Congress of Vienna until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy, head of the district of the same name, one of the 13 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Kingdom of Dalmatia; the Italian name only was used until around 1871. In 1872, at the time in the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Ante Šupuk became the town's first Croat mayor elected under universal suffrage.
He was instrumental in the process of the modernization of the city, is remembered for the 1895 project to provide street lights powered by the early AC Jaruga Hydroelectric Power Plant. On 28 August 1895, Šibenik became the world's first city with alternating current-powered street lights. During World War I, the Austro-Hungarian navy used the port facilities here, the light cruisers and destroyers which escaped the Allied force after the battle of Cape Rodoni returned to safety here, where some battleships were based. After the war Šibenik was occupied by the Kingdom of Italy until 12 June 1921; as a result of the Treaty of Rapallo, the Italians gave up their claim to the city and it became a part of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. During World War II it was occupied by Germany. Communist partisans liberated Šibenik on 3 November 1944. After World War II it became a part of the SFR Yugoslavia until Croatia declared independence in 1991. During the Croatian War of Independence, Šibenik was attacked by the Yugoslav National Army and Serbian paramilitary troops.
Although under-armed, the nascent Croatian army and the people of Šibenik managed to defend the city. The battle lasted for six days referred to as the "September battle"; the bombings damaged numerous buildings and monuments, including the dome of the Cathedral of St. James and the 1870-built theatre building. In an August 1995 military operation, the Croatian Army defeated the Serb forces and reconquered the occupied areas, which allowed the region to recover from the war and continue to develop as the centre of Šibenik-Knin county. Since the damaged areas of the city have been restored. Šibenik has a mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers. January and February are the coldest months and August are the hottest months. In July the average maximum temperature is around 30 °C; the Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Csa". The central church in Šibenik, the Cathedral of St. James, is on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Several successive architects built it in stone between 1431 and 1536, both in Gothic and in Renaissance style.
The interlocking stone slabs of the Cathedral's roof were damaged when the city was shelled by Yugoslav forces in 1991. The damage has since been repaired. In the city of Šibenik there a
Chorale Roanne Basket
Chorale Roanne Basket is a professional basketball club, based in Roanne, France. The club plays in the second division LNB Pro B, their home arena is Halle André Vacheresse. The club was founded in 1937 and the team's colors are blue and white. In Chorale's history, the team won two national titles; the teams honour list includes a La Semaine des As Cup and multiple European campaigns. In the 2007–08 season, the club played in the top level Euroleague. In the 2013–14 season, the club relegated to the LNB Pro B. French Championship Champions: 1958–59, 2006–07 French Cup Runner-up: 1963–64 La Semaine des As Cup Winners: 2007 LNB Pro B Leaders Cup Winners: 2017 To appear in this section a player must have either:Set a club record or won an individual award as a professional player. Played at least one official international match for his senior national team or one NBA game at any time. 2011-14: Luka Pavićević 2000-11: Jean-Denys Choulet 1998-00: Mike Gonsalves 1996-98: Patrick Macazaga 1993-96: Gilles Versier 1988-93: Alain Thinet 1985-88: André Jacquemot 1984-85: Yvon Leca 1983-84: Alain Monestier 1982-83: Jacky Odin 1980-82: Jean-Paul Pupunat 1977-80: André Vacheresse 1975-77: Jeff Dubreuil 1974-75: Dick Smith 1972-74: Ludvick Luttna 1971-72: Gérard Sturla 1970-71: Lucien Piegad 1961-69: Maurice Marcelot 1945-61: André Vacheresse Official Team Website
Gahanna is a city situated in northeast Franklin County, United States. It is a suburb of Columbus; the population was 33,248 at the 2010 census. It was founded in 1849. Gahanna is located at 40°1′36″N 82°52′9″W. Cities and Townships that border Gahanna: Mifflin Township - west Columbus, Ohio - north and south New Albany, Ohio - north Jefferson Township - eastIn addition several small "islands" of Jefferson Township are located within the boundaries of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.60 square miles, of which 12.43 square miles is land and 0.17 square miles is water. Big Walnut Creek has a significant impact on the geography of Gahanna associated with its tributaries Rocky Fork Creek and Sycamore Run; the median income for a household in the city was $72,813, the median income for a family was $85,348. Males had a median income of $51,391 versus $35,922 for females; the per capita income for the city was $29,040. About 2.2% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 33,248 people, 13,037 households, 9,151 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,674.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,577 housing units at an average density of 1,092.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 82.1% White, 11.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population. There were 13,037 households of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.8% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 25.3% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 32,636 people, 11,990 households, 8,932 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,632.8 people per square mile. There were 12,390 housing units at an average density of 999.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.46% White, 8.14% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population. There were 11,990 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.5% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males. The city of Gahanna is in the Gahanna-Jefferson Public School District; the school colors are gold. Gahanna has seven elementary schools, three middle schools, only one high school: Lincoln High School. However, there are several private education options, including the Columbus Academy, located on Cherry Bottom Road, Gahanna Christian Academy, on N. Hamilton Road, as well as various parochial schools. Gahanna was founded along the Big Walnut Creek in 1849 by John Clark of Ross County from 800 acres of land that his father, Joseph Clark, had purchased from Governor Worthington in 1814. Clark named his property the Gahanna Plantation; the name Gahanna is derived from a Native American word for three creeks joining into one and is the former name of the Big Walnut Creek. The City of Gahanna's Official Seal refers to this confluence of three creeks with the inscription "Three In One".
Gahanna maintained a considerable rivalry with the adjacent village of Bridgeport. Located directly across Granville Street from Gahanna and along the banks of the Big Walnut Creek, Bridgeport was founded in 1853 by Jesse Baughman, a former Franklin County Commissioner; the two villages put aside their differences and merged into one. They adopted the name Gahanna as there was another village in Ohio called Bridgeport. In March 1881, 55 citizens of Gahanna petitioned Franklin County to incorporate the village; the incorporation was granted in June and was recorded on August 8, 1881. The now-incorporated village held its first mayoral election and on October 6, 1881, swore in its first mayor, L. John Neiswander. In recent years, Gahanna has worked hard at revitalizing the downtown "Olde Gahanna" section of the city. In October 2004, Gahanna's new Creekside Gahanna redevelopment and park extension project began, making way for everything from public spaces and restaurants to residences and office space.
As of late 2007, the project businesses began to open. The area includes a 389-space public parking garage; the multimillion-dollar project is expected to bring in up to 150 new residents as well as bolster tourism to the area
Socialist Republic of Croatia
The Socialist Republic of Croatia was a constituent republic and federated state of Yugoslavia. By its constitution, modern-day Croatia is its direct continuation. Along with five other Yugoslav republics, it was formed during World War II and became a socialist republic after the war, it had four full official names during its 48-year existence. By territory and population, it was the second largest republic in Yugoslavia, after the Socialist Republic of Serbia. In 1990, the government dismantled the single-party system of government – installed by the Communist Party – and adopted a multi-party democracy; the newly elected government of Franjo Tuđman moved the republic towards independence, formally seceding from Yugoslavia in 1991 and thereby contributing to its dissolution. Croatia became part of the Yugoslav federation in 1943 after the Second Session of the AVNOJ and through the resolutions of the ZAVNOH, Croatia's wartime deliberative body, it was founded as the Federal State of Croatia on May 9, 1944, at the 3rd session of the ZAVNOH.
Yugoslavia was called the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, it was not a constitutionally socialist state, or a republic, in anticipation of the conclusion of the war, when these issues were settled. On November 29, 1945, the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia became the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, a socialist People's Republic. Accordingly, the Federal State of Croatia became the People's Republic of Croatia. On April 7, 1963, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was renamed into the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia abandoned Stalinism after the Tito-Stalin split in 1948. In 1963 the People's Republic of Croatia accordingly became the Socialist Republic of Croatia. On December 22, 1990, a new Constitution was adopted, under which the Socialist Republic of Croatia was renamed as the Republic of Croatia, it was under this constitution that Croatia became independent on June 25, 1991. In the first years of the war, Yugoslav Partisans in Croatia did not have support of Croats.
The majority of partisans on the territory of Croatia were Croatian Serbs. However, in 1943 Croats started to join partisans in larger numbers. In 1943, number of Croat partisans in Croatia increased, so in 1944 they composed 61% of partisans on the territory of Croatia, while Serbs made 28%. On 13 June 1943 in Otočac, Croatian partisans founded the ZAVNOH, a legislative body of the future Croatian republic within the Yugoslavia, its first president was Vladimir Nazor. Croatian partisans had their autonomy along with the Macedonian partisans. However, on 1 March 1945 they were put under the command of Supreme Command of the Yugoslav Army, thus losing their autonomy. Partisans of Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina did not have such autonomy; because of partisan victories and increased territory held by partisans, AVNOJ decided to hold the second session in Jajce at the end of November 1943. At that session, the Yugoslav communist leadership decided to reestablish Yugoslavia as federal state. On November 29, 1945 the Yugoslav Constituent Assembly held a session where it was decided that Yugoslavia would be composed of six republics: Slovenia, Croatia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedonia.
Not long after, the Communist Party started to prosecute those who opposed the communist one-party system. On January 30, 1946, the Constituent Assembly made the Constitution of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. Croatia was the last of the republics to make its constitution, which were the same; the Constitution of the People's Republic of Croatia was adopted by the Constituent Parliament of the PR Croatia on January 18, 1947. In their constitutions, all republics have been deprieved of gaining independence. Republics had only formal autonomy; the Communist Party's officials were, at the same time, state officials, while the Party's Central Committee was de iure, the highest organ of the state. The governments of the republics were only part of the mechanism in approval of Politburo's decisions. In post-war Yugoslavia, communists had a struggle for power with the opposition that supported King Peter. Milan Grol was leader of the opposition; the Croatian Peasant Party, part of the opposition, had divided into three branches: one supporting the Ustaše, the other supporting the communists and the third supporting Vladko Maček.
However, communists had the majority in parliament and control over the army, leaving the opposition without any real power. Šubašić had his own supporters within the HSS and he tried to unite the party once again, believing that, once united, it would be a major political factor in the country. The Croatian Republican Peasant Party, a split party of the HSS, wanted to enter the People's Front, a suprapolitical organization controlled by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. Šubašić knew that this would put the HSS under control of the communists and ended the negotiations about the unification. In the election campaign, the opposition parties wanted to unite with the Serbian Radi
Predrag Savović is a Serbian former professional basketball player. He played among other teams. Savović was born in the Socialist Republic of Croatia city Pula to a family of Serbian descent, he attended Ivan Goran Kovacic High School in Herceg Novi and Montenegro. He attended the University of Alabama-Birmingham from 1997–98 and the University of Hawaii at Manoa, in the U. S. from 1998 to 2002. He holds degrees in International Business and Finance as well as Economics from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, he holds an EMBA Degree from University of Deusto, Deusto Business School. Predrag was a first-team All-Western Athletic Conference pick in his junior and senior seasons, the MVP of the 2002 WAC tournament, an honorable mention All-American selection by the Associated Press. Hawaii advanced to the first round of the NCAA tournament of 2002. Savović grew up playing for Partizan Belgrade, Beovuk 72, Šabac, he moved to the American NCAA though he was well into his twenties. Undrafted, he signed with the National Basketball Association's Denver Nuggets in 2002, for whom he played during the 2002-03 NBA season, making him one of only few European players by that time to make a jump from NCAA to NBA.
Last five years he has been an important member of Iurbentia Bilbao Basket, a member of ACB League in Spain until his retirement in 2009. Predrag Savović is a founder of a firm based in Republic of Montenegro, his younger brother, Boban, is a retired basketball player, their cousin, raised in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the son of a Serb father and a Muslim mother, is a professional basketball player. After some years working in Bilbao Basket he became the president of the club in December 2010. List of Serbian NBA players NBA.com biography EurocupBasketball.com Profile Hawaii Warriors bio
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
The shooting guard known as the two or off guard, is one of the five traditional positions in a regulation basketball game. A shooting guard's main objective is to steal the ball on defense; some teams ask. A player who can switch between playing shooting guard and small forward is known as a swingman. In the NBA, shooting guards range from 6' 3" to 6' 7" and 5' 9" to 6' 0" in the WNBA; the Basketball Handbook by Lee Rose describes a shooting guard as someone whose primary role is to score points. As the name suggests, most shooting guards are good long-range shooters averaging 35–40 percent from three-point range. Many shooting guards are strong and athletic, have the ability to get inside the paint and drive to the basket. Shooting guards are taller than point guards. Height at the position varies. Shooting guards should be good ball handlers and be able to pass reasonably well, though passing is not their main priority. Since good shooting guards may attract double-teams, they are the team's back-up ball handlers to the point guard and get a fair number of assists.
Shooting guards must be able to score in various ways late in a close game when defenses are tighter. They need to have a good free throw percentage too, to be reliable in close games and to discourage opposing players from fouling; because of the high level of offensive skills shooting guards need, they are a team's primary scoring option, sometimes the offense is built around them. In the NBA, there are some shooting guards referred to as "D" players; the term 3 and D implies that the player is a good 3 point shooter who can play solid defense. The 3 and D player has become important as the game sways to be perimeter oriented. Good shooting guards can play point guard to a certain extent, it is accepted that point guards should have the ball in their hands at most times in the game, but sometimes the shooting guard has a significant enough influence on the team where he or she handles the ball often, to the point where the point guard may be reduced to a backup ball handler or spot-up shooter.
The Basketball Handbook. Lee H. Rose ISBN 0-7360-4906-1 Media related to Shooting guards at Wikimedia Commons