Reginald Jeeves referred to as just Jeeves, is a fictional character in a series of comedic short stories and novels by English author P. G. Wodehouse. Jeeves is the competent valet of a wealthy and idle young Londoner named Bertie Wooster. First appearing in print in 1915, Jeeves continued to feature in Wodehouse's work until his last completed novel Aunts Aren't Gentlemen in 1974, a span of 60 years. Both the name "Jeeves" and the character of Jeeves have come to be thought of as the quintessential name and nature of a valet or butler, inspiring many similar characters. A "Jeeves" is now a generic term as validated by its entry in the Oxford English Dictionary. Jeeves is a valet, not a butler. On rare occasions he fills in for someone else's butler. According to Bertie Wooster, he "can buttle with the best of them." An early prototype for Bertie Wooster is Reggie Pepper, much like Bertie Wooster but without Jeeves, though it was Jeeves who took the name "Reggie". A valet called Jevons appears in Wodehouse's 1914 short story "Creatures of Impulse", may have been an early prototype for Jeeves.
Like Jeeves, Jevons is described as the perfect valet. "Creatures of Impulse" appeared in The Strand Magazine, was not republished in any collection, though some parts went into the making of "The Crime Wave at Blandings". In his 1953 semi-autobiographical book written with Guy Bolton, Bring on the Girls!, Wodehouse suggested that the Jeeves character was inspired by an actual butler named Eugene Robinson whom Wodehouse employed for research purposes. Wodehouse described Robinson as a "walking Encylopaedia Britannica". However, Robinson worked at Wodehouse's house in Norfolk Street where Wodehouse did not live until 1927, long after Jeeves had been created. Wodehouse named his Jeeves after a popular English cricketer for Warwickshire. Wodehouse witnessed Percy Jeeves bowling at Cheltenham Cricket Festival in 1913. Percy Jeeves was killed at the Battle of the Somme during the attack on High Wood in July 1916, less than a year after the first appearance of the Wodehouse character who would make his name a household word.
Little is known about Jeeves's early life. According to Jeeves, he was educated, his mother thought him intelligent. Jeeves has an uncle, Charlie Silversmith, butler at Deverill Hall. Silversmith dandled Jeeves on his knee when Jeeves was young, when Jeeves is an adult, they write to each other. Charlie Silversmith's daughter Queenie Silversmith is Jeeves's cousin. Jeeves mentions his late uncle Cyril in Right Ho, Jeeves, his niece Mabel is engaged to Bertie Wooster's friend Charles "Biffy" Biffen. His cousin Egbert is a constable and plays a role in the short story "Without the Option". Jeeves has three placid aunts, in contrast to Bertie Wooster's aunts. Aunt Emily is interested in psychical research, another aunt, Mrs. Pigott, owns a cat in Maiden Eggesford. Jeeves references an aunt without naming her, including an aunt who read Oliver Wendell Holmes to him when he was young. In Right Ho, Jeeves, he references his Aunt Annie, though she was disliked. In his youth, Jeeves worked as a page boy at a girls' school.
He served in the military to some extent in World War I. In the play Come On, Jeeves states that he was a batman. Shortly before entering Bertie's service, Jeeves was employed by Lord Frederick Ranelagh, swindled in Monte Carlo. Jeeves worked for Lord Worplesdon, resigning after nearly a year because of Worplesdon's eccentric choice of evening dress. Jeeves helps Lord Worplesdon in Joy in the Morning. Other former employers include Mr Digby Thistleton. Jeeves becomes Bertie Wooster's valet. However, his tenure with Bertie Wooster has occasional lapses during the stories. Jeeves works for Lord Chuffnell for a week in Thank You, after giving notice because of Bertie Wooster's unwillingness to give up the banjolele, is employed by J. Washburn Stoker in the same novel, he serves as substitute butler for Bertie's Aunt Dahlia in Stiff Upper Lip, in the same story, he enters Sir Watkyn Bassett's employment for a short time as a trick to get Bertie Wooster released from prison. Jeeves is Lord Rowcester's butler for the length of Ring for Jeeves.
While working for Bertie Wooster, he pretends to be the valet of one of Bertie's friends as part of some scheme, though he is still Bertie's valet. He pretends to be the valet of Bicky Bickersteth in "Jeeves and the Hard-boiled Egg", Rocky Todd in "The Aunt and the Sluggard", Gussie Fink-Nottle when Gussie masquerades as Bertie Wooster in The Mating Season. Jeeves acts as a bookmaker's clerk in Ring for Jeeves, disguising himself for the role with a check suit and walrus moustache. In Wodehouse's play Come On, which has the same plot as Ring for Jeeves, it is mentioned that Jeeves changed his appearance as a bookmaker's clerk, though in the play, Jeeves impersonates a medieval ghost named Lady Agatha, wearing makeup and women's medieval clothing to complete the disguise, he pretends to be a broker's man in "Jeeves and the Greasy Bird" and Bertie's solicitor in Aunts Aren't Gentlemen. In one instance, he pretends to be Bertie Wooster in a telephon
Jeeves and Wooster
Jeeves and Wooster is a British comedy-drama series adapted by Clive Exton from P. G. Wodehouse's "Jeeves" stories; the series was a collaboration between Brian Eastman of Picture Partnership Productions and Granada Television. It aired on the ITV network from 22 April 1990 to 20 June 1993, with the last series nominated for a British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Series, it starred Hugh Laurie as Bertie Wooster, a young gentleman with a "distinctive blend of airy nonchalance and refined gormlessness", Stephen Fry as Jeeves, his improbably intelligent and bold valet. The stories are set in the United Kingdom and the United States in an unspecified period between the late 1920s and the 1930s. Wooster is a minor aristocrat and member of the idle rich, he and his friends, who are members of The Drones Club, are extricated from all manner of societal misadventures by the indispensable valet Jeeves. When Fry and Laurie began the series they were a popular double act due to regular appearances on Channel 4's Friday Night Live and their own show A Bit of Fry & Laurie.
In the television documentary Fry and Laurie Reunited, the actors, reminiscing about their involvement in the series, revealed that they were reluctant to play the parts of Jeeves and Wooster but decided to do so because the series was going to be made with or without them and they felt no one else would do the parts justice. The theme is an original piece of music in the jazz/swing style written by composer Anne Dudley for the programme. Dudley uses variations of the theme as a basis for all of the episodes' scores and was nominated for a British Academy Television Award for her work on the third series. Many of the programme's supporting roles – including significant characters such as Aunt Agatha, Madeline Bassett and Gussie Fink-Nottle – were played by more than one actor. One prominent character, Aunt Dahlia, was played by a different actress in each of the four series. Francesca Folan played two different characters: Madeline Bassett in series one and Lady Florence Craye in series four.
The character of Stiffy Byng was played by Charlotte Attenborough in series two and by Amanda Harris in series three and by Attenborough again in series four. Richard Braine, who took over the role of Gussie Fink-Nottle in series three and four appeared as the conniving Rupert Steggles in series one. Four series were produced, with 23 episodes in total; the five episodes of the first series were directed by Robert Young and first aired in April and May 1990. The second series, directed by Simon Langton, aired in April and May 1991; the third series, directed by Ferdinand Fairfax, aired from March to May 1992. Fairfax directed the six episodes of the fourth and final series, which aired in May and June 1993; the third series of Jeeves and Wooster won a British Academy Television Award for Best Design for Eileen Diss. The final series won a British Academy Television Award for Best Graphics for Derek W. Hayes and was nominated for a British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Series. In retrospect, Michael Brooke of BFI Screenonline called screenwriter Clive Exton "the series' real star", saying his "adaptations come close to capturing the flavour of the originals" by "retaining many of Wodehouse's most inspired literary similes."
Granada Media released all four series on DVD in Region 2 between 2000 and 2002. On 1 September 2008, ITV Studios Home Entertainment released Jeeves and Wooster: The Complete Collection, an eight-disc box set featuring all 23 episodes of the series. In Region 1, A&E Home Video released the entire series on DVD in the Canada. In Region 4, Shock Entertainment has released the entire series on DVD in Australia, it was released in season sets in 2007/2008, followed by a complete series collection on 4 August 2008. Interior shots of Skeldings Hall were filmed at a historic house in London. Totleigh Towers was filmed at Hampshire. Other location shots of "Trouble at Totleigh Towers" were filmed at West End, Waltham St Lawrence, Berkshire. Exterior shots of Brinkley Court were filmed at Barnsley Park, Gloucestershire in series 1 and Hall Barn, Buckinghamshire in series 4. All interior shots of Brinkley Court were filmed at Hertfordshire. Interior and exterior shots of Chuffnell Hall, in series 2, were filmed at Wrotham Park.
Shots of Chuffnell Regis, Devon were filmed in Clovelly and High Street, Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire Scenes from "Bertie Sets Sail" were filmed in Halton House, Buckinghamshire Chuffnell Regis Station shots were filmed at Horsted Keynes station – Bluebell Railway, Sussex. Ditteridge Hall was filmed at Berkshire. Twing Hall was filmed at Gloucestershire; the "Victoria Hotel" and the "Hotel Riviera" in Westcombe-on-Sea were filmed in Devon. Some of the exterior shots in the gardens of the estate in "Jeeves in the Country" are filmed at Polesden Lacey, Surrey. Barmy's Aunt's House was filmed at Surrey. Deverill Hall was filmed at Oxfordshire. Fothergill Hall was filmed at Buckinghamshire. Lord Worplesdon's New York City residence was filmed at Hertfordshire. Exterior shots of Stuyvesant
A bob cut or bob is a short- to medium-length haircut for women in which the hair is cut straight around the head at about jaw-level with a fringe at the front. The bob is cut below the ears or above shoulders. Women in the West have worn their hair long. Although young girls, actresses and a few "advanced" or fashionable women had worn short hair before World War I—for example in 1910 the French actress Polaire is described as having "a shock of short, dark hair", a cut she adopted in the early 1890s—the style was not considered respectable until given impetus by the inconvenience of long hair to girls engaged in war work. English society beauty Lady Diana Cooper, who had bobbed hair as a child, kept the style through her teenage years and continued in 1914 as an adult. Renowned dancer and fashion trendsetter Irene Castle introduced her "Castle bob" to a receptive American audience in 1915, by 1920 the style was becoming fashionable. Popularized by film star Mary Thurman in the early 1920s and by Colleen Moore and Louise Brooks in the mid to late 1920s, it was still seen as a somewhat shocking statement of independence in young women known as flappers, as older people were used to seeing girls wearing long dresses and heavy Edwardian-style hair.
Hairdressers, whose training was in arranging and curling long hair, were slow to realise that short styles for women had arrived to stay, so barbers in many cities found lines of women outside their shops, waiting to be shorn of hair that had taken many years to grow. Although as early as 1922 the fashion correspondent of The Times was suggesting that bobbed hair was passé, by the mid-1920s the style, was the dominant female hairstyle in the Western world; the style was spreading beyond the West, as women who rejected traditional roles adopted the bob cut as a sign of modernity. Close-fitting cloche hats had become popular, couldn't be worn with long hair. Well-known bob-wearers were actresses Clara Bow and Joan Crawford, as well as Dutch film star Truus van Aalten; as the 1930s approached, women started to grow their hair longer, the sharp lines of the bob were abandoned. In the mid 1960s, Vidal Sassoon made it popular again, using the shape of the early bob and making it more stylish in a simpler cut.
Its resurgence coincided with the arrival of the "mop top" Beatle cut for men. Those associated with the bob at that time included the fashion designers Mary Quant and Jean Muir, actresses Nancy Kwan, Carolyn Jones, Barbara Feldon and Amanda Barrie, singers as diverse as Keely Smith, Cilla Black, Billie Davis, Juliette Gréco, Mireille Mathieu and Beverly Bivens of the American group We Five, it was popular with African-Americans in the mid-to-late 1960s, reflected in groups including Diana Ross & The Supremes and The Marvelettes. Many styles and combinations of the "bob" have evolved since. In the late 1980s, Siouxsie Sioux, lead singer of Siouxsie and the Banshees, Corinne Drewery, singer of "Swing Out Sister", had bob cuts for a short time. Singer Linda Ronstadt sported a "Louise Brooks" inspired bob on the cover of two Grammy award winning albums in the late 1980s. 1987's Trio album with Dolly Parton and Emmylou Harris and her 1989 release Cry Like A Rainstorm, Howl Like The Wind. She wears the cut in the video for her duet with James Ingram, "Somewhere Out There".
Anna Wintour, editor-in-chief of American Vogue since 1988 had hers trimmed every day. In the early 1990s Cyndi Lauper had a bob haircut with unusual colors. In the mid to late 1990s, T-Boz of TLC had a bob haircut with unusual colors, asymmetrical with bangs. For the first two seasons and the first two episodes of the third season of Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, the character of Lois Lane had a trademark bob haircut. In Barry Sonnenfeld's 1997 film Men in Black, the character of Dr. Laurel Weaver sported a bob. In 2006 the bob was adopted by the singer Madonna and, as a move away from boho-chic, by actress Sienna Miller. In November 2005, Canadian ice dancer Kristina Lenko was asked to join ITV1's new series, Dancing on Ice, she went to her stylist in Toronto and told him "Do whatever you like." He cut Lenko's waist length hair into what is referred to as an A-line bob, where the hairs shorter in the back and longer toward the front, with the longest pieces toward the front of the face.
Ex–Spice Girl Victoria Beckham decided to cut her own hair into such a style, helping to raise its popularity worldwide with girls asking hairdressers for a "Pob"—Beckham's nickname Posh Spice conflated with "bob". In 2007, R&B singer Rihanna had a bob haircut in the video for "Umbrella", she has stated. Keira Knightley had a bob in her short TV ad for Coco Mademoiselle. Actress Christina Ricci had a bob for live-action movie version for 60s anime series Speed Racer and onwards. Katie Holmes got a bob cut with bangs in 2007. At her third show in Brisbane, Britney Spears wore the bob throughout her concert. Jenny McCarthy is known for a sporting an A-line bob. Kate Bosworth is said to have popularized the bob in 2008. Shoulder-length bobs became popular after being sported by stars such as Heidi Klum and Jessica Alba. A shaggy version of the bob was popularized by Rooney Mara. A-line bob: A typical bob cut, with
BBC One is the first and principal television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. It was launched on 2 November 1936 as the BBC Television Service, was the world's first regular television service with a high level of image resolution, it was renamed BBC TV in 1960, using this name until the launch of the second BBC channel BBC2 in 1964, whereupon the BBC TV channel became known as BBC1, with the current spelling adopted in 1997. The channel's annual budget for 2012–13 was £1.14 billion. The channel is funded by the television licence fee together with the BBC's other domestic television stations, shows uninterrupted programming without commercial advertising, it is the most watched television channel in the United Kingdom, ahead of its traditional rival for ratings leadership, ITV. As of June 2013 the channel controller for BBC One was Charlotte Moore, who succeeded Danny Cohen as an Acting Controller from May 2013; the BBC began its own regular television programming from the basement of Broadcasting House, London, on 22 August 1932.
The BBC Television Service began regular broadcasts on 2 November 1936 from a converted wing of the Alexandra Palace in London. On 1 September 1939, two days before Britain declared war on Germany, the station was taken off air with little warning, with one of the last programmes to be shown before the suspension of the service being a Mickey Mouse cartoon. BBC Television returned on 7 June 1946 at 15:00. Jasmine Bligh, one of the original announcers, made the first announcement, saying, "Good afternoon everybody. How are you? Do you remember me, Jasmine Bligh?". The Mickey Mouse cartoon of 1939 was repeated twenty minutes later; the BBC held a statutory monopoly on television broadcasting in the United Kingdom until the first Independent Television station began to broadcast on 22 September 1955, when ITV started broadcasting. The competition forced the channel to change its identity and priorities following a large reduction in its audience; the 1962 Pilkington Report on the future of broadcasting noticed this, that ITV lacked any serious programming.
It therefore decided that Britain's third television station should be awarded to the BBC. The station, renamed BBC TV in 1960, became BBC1 when BBC2 was launched on 20 April 1964 transmitting an incompatible 625-line image on UHF; the only way to receive all channels was to use a complex "dual-standard" 405- and 625-line, VHF and UHF, with both a VHF and a UHF aerial. Old 405-line-only sets became obsolete in 1985, when transmission in the standard ended, although standards converters have become available for enthusiasts who collect and restore such TVs. BBC1 was based at the purpose-built BBC Television Centre at White City, London between 1960 and 2013. Television News continued to use Alexandra Palace as its base—by early 1968 it had converted one of its studios to colour—before moving to new purpose-built facilities at Television Centre on 20 September 1969. In the weeks leading up to 15 November 1969, BBC1 unofficially transmitted the occasional programme in its new colour system, to test it.
At midnight on 15 November with ITV and two years after BBC2, BBC1 began 625-line PAL colour programming on UHF with a broadcast of a concert by Petula Clark. Colour transmissions could be received on monochrome 625-line sets until the end of analogue broadcasting. In terms of audience share, the most successful period for BBC1 was under Bryan Cowgill between 1973 and 1977, when the channel achieved an average audience share of 45%; this period is still regarded by many as a golden age of the BBC's output, with the BBC achieving a high standard across its entire range of series, plays, light entertainment and documentaries. On 30 December 1980, the BBC announced their intention to introduce a new breakfast television service to compete with TV-am; the BBC stated it would start broadcasting before TV-am, but made clear their hands were tied until November 1981 when the new licence fee income became available, to help finance extending broadcast hours, with the hope of starting in 1982. On 17 January 1983, the first edition of Breakfast Time was shown on BBC1, becoming the first UK wide breakfast television service and continued to lead in the ratings until 1984.
In 1984, Bill Cotton become managing director of Television at the BBC, set about overhauling BBC1, slated for poor home grown shows, its heavy reliance on US imports, with Dallas and The Thorn Birds being BBC1's highest rated programmes and ratings being over 20% behind ITV. Cotton recruited Michael Grade to become Controller of BBC1, the first time the Corporation had recruited someone outside of the BBC, replacing Alan Hart, criticised for his lack of knowledge in general entertainment, as he was head of BBC Sport prior to 1981; the first major overhaul was to axe the unpopular Sixty Minutes current affairs programme: this was a replacement for the news and magazine show Nationwide. Its replacement was the BBC Six O'Clock News, a straight new programme in a bid to shore up its failing early evening slot, it was believed the BBC were planning to cut short the evening news and move more light entertainment programming in from the 18:20 slot, but this was dismissed. The Miss Great Britain contest was dropped, being described as verging on the too offensive after the January 1985 contest, with Worlds Strongest Man and International Superstar being axed.
BBC1 was relaunched on 18 February 1985 with a new look, new programming including Wogan, EastEnders and a revised schedule to help streamline and maintain viewers thr
Hildebrand "Tuppy" Glossop is a recurring fictional character in the Jeeves stories by comic writer P. G. Wodehouse. Tuppy is a member of the Drones Club, a friend of Bertie Wooster, the fiancé of Angela Travers, Bertie's cousin. Hildebrand "Tuppy" Glossop is the cousin of Honoria Glossop, he has light hair, a Cheshire-cat grin and piercing eyes, a high, squeaky voice, somewhat resembles a bulldog in build and appearance. An Old Austinian and Drones Club member, Tuppy is a boyhood friend of Bertie Wooster, with whom he went to Oxford. In Right Ho, Bertie is surprised to learn that Tuppy is Scottish. Tuppy plays tennis in the summer and football in the winter; the origin of Tuppy's nickname is never explained, though it is not an uncommon nickname being derived from "tuppence". Tuppy once played a practical joke on Bertie by tricking him into falling into the Drones Club swimming pool, an incident which Bertie references frequently; this occurred sometime before "Jeeves and the Yule-tide Spirit", in which Bertie describes the incident to Jeeves: "One night after dinner at the Drones he betted me I wouldn't swing myself across the swimming-bath by the ropes and rings.
I was buzzing along in great style until I came to the last ring. And I found that this fiend in human shape had looped it back against the rail, thus leaving me hanging in the void with no means of getting ashore to my home and loved ones. There was nothing for it but to drop in the water." Bertie seeks revenge on Tuppy in that story, mentions in other stories that he was dressed in correct evening attire when he fell into the pool. Though Bertie says he has forgiven Tuppy, he continues to reference the incident. In "Jeeves and the Song of Songs", engaged to Bertie's favourite cousin, Angela Travers, leaves her for the opera singer Cora Bellinger. Bertie and Jeeves are asked by Bertie's Aunt Dahlia, Angela's mother, to make sure that he goes back to Angela. Jeeves is successful. In "The Ordeal of Young Tuppy", Tuppy falls for the athletic Miss Dalgleish but returns to Angela. In Right Ho, Angela breaks the engagement because, when she told him that a shark had attacked her while she was aquaplaning in Cannes, Tuppy dismissed it as being only a flatfish that wanted to play.
Tuppy and Angela reconcile by the end of the story. In Much Obliged, Jeeves and Tuppy have not married after being engaged for two years, due to a lack of funds on Tuppy's part. Dahlia Travers decides that L. P. Runkle of Runkle Enterprises owes Tuppy money for Tuppy's late father's invention, a headache remedy called Runkle's Magic Midgets; this product has been profitable for Runkle, while Tuppy's father did not make any profit on the invention apart from his regular salary. Jeeves manages to make Runkle pay Tuppy. Tuppy appears in: Very Good, Jeeves "Jeeves and the Yule-tide Spirit" "Jeeves and the Song of Songs" "The Ordeal of Young Tuppy" Right Ho, Jeeves Tuppy is mentioned in: The Code of the Woosters Much Obliged, Jeeves Aunts Aren't Gentlemen TelevisionIn the 1975–1978 television series Wodehouse Playhouse, David Quilter portrayed a wealthy, monocle-wearing Drone named Tuppy Glossop who gives advice to Archibald Mulliner in series 2, episode 6, "The Code of the Mulliners", helps Bingo Little in series 3, episode 5, "The Editor Regrets".
He has nothing in common with the canonical Tuppy Glossop apart from his club membership. In the 1990–1993 television series Jeeves and Wooster, Robert Daws portrayed Tuppy. In the series, in addition to his other love interests from the original stories, Tuppy falls in love with Pauline Stoker and Elizabeth Vickers, though he returns to Angela Travers in the end on each occasion. In the last episode of the series, he attempts to use a drain-clearing machine at Totleigh Towers, which did not occur in the original stories. RadioIn the 1973–1981 series What Ho! Jeeves, Ray Cooney voiced Tuppy in Right Ho, Stephen Moore voiced Tuppy in "The Ordeal of Young Tuppy". List of Jeeves characters, an alphabetical list of Jeeves characters List of P. G. Wodehouse characters in the Jeeves stories, a categorized outline of Jeeves characters List of Jeeves and Wooster characters, a list of characters in the television series Notes BibliographyCawthorne, Nigel. A Brief Guide to Wooster. Constable & Robinson.
ISBN 978-1-78033-824-8. Garrison, Daniel H.. Who's Who in Wodehouse. Constable & Robinson. ISBN 1-55882-087-6. Ring, Tony. Wodehouse in Woostershire. Porpoise Books. ISBN 1-870-304-19-5. Wodehouse, P. G.. Good, Jeeves. Arrow Books. ISBN 978-0099513728. Wodehouse, P. G.. Right Ho, Jeeves. Arrow Books. ISBN 978-0099513742. Wodehouse, P. G.. Aunts Aren't Gentlemen. Arrow Books. ISBN 978-0099513971
Blandings Castle and Elsewhere
Blandings Castle and Elsewhere is a collection of short stories by P. G. Wodehouse, it was first published in the United Kingdom on 12 April 1935 by Herbert Jenkins, and, as Blandings Castle, in the United States on 20 September 1935 by Doubleday Doran, New York. All the stories had appeared in Strand Magazine and all except the last in various US magazines; the first six stories all take place at the book's namesake Blandings Castle. Lord Emsworth of Blandings Castle is depicted as a gentleman farmer, growing prize pumpkins and concerned with his prize pig, Empress of Blandings; the seventh story concerns Bobbie Wickham, an acquaintance and sometime fiancée of Bertie Wooster, who appears in three of the stories in Mr Mulliner Speaking. The last five are narrated by Mr Mulliner and are set in Hollywood among the movie studios that Wodehouse knew from his time as a screenwriter in 1930–31. "The Custody of the Pumpkin" US: Saturday Evening Post, 29 November 1924 UK: Strand, December 1924 "Lord Emsworth Acts for the Best" UK: Strand, June 1926 US: Liberty, 5 June 1926 "Pig-hoo-o-o-o-ey" US: Liberty, 9 July 1927 UK: Strand, August 1927 "Company for Gertrude" UK: Strand, September 1928 US: Cosmopolitan, October 1928 "The Go-Getter" US: Cosmopolitan, March 1931 UK: Strand, August 1931 "Lord Emsworth and the Girl Friend" US: Liberty, 6 October 1928 UK: Strand, November 1928 "Mr Potter Takes a Rest Cure" US: Liberty, 23 January 1926 UK: Strand, February 1926 "Monkey Business" UK: Strand, December 1932 US: American Magazine, December 1932 "The Nodder" UK: Strand, January 1933 US: American Magazine, January 1933 "The Juice of an Orange" UK: Strand, February 1933 US: American Magazine, February 1933 "The Rise of Minna Nordstrom" UK: Strand, April 1933 US: American Magazine, March 1933 "The Castaways" UK: Strand, June 1933 Several of the Blandings shorts from this collection were adapted for television by the BBC, broadcast in February and March 1967 in six half-hour episodes.
They starred Ralph Richardson as Lord Emsworth, Derek Nimmo as Freddie Threepwood, Meriel Forbes as Lady Constance, Stanley Holloway as Beach. The master tapes of all but the first part, were wiped, no known copies exist. Three of the stories featured in the collection, "Mr Potter takes a Rest Cure", "The Rise of Minna Nordstrom" and "The Nodder", were produced as part of the BBC's Wodehouse Playhouse series, starring John Alderton and Pauline Collins, airing in 1975 and 1976 respectively. In 2013. BBC television aired a new series Blandings starring Timothy Spall as Clarence, Jennifer Saunders as Connie, Jack Farthing as Freddie. Beach was played by Tim Vine. List of short stories by P. G. Wodehouse References SourcesMidkiff, Neil. "The Wodehouse short stories". P. G. Wodehouse pages. Retrieved 2019-04-01. – Alphabetical list of Wodehouse's short stories, with publication and collections. Kuzmenko, Michel. "Blandings Castle". Bibliography. Archived from the original on 11 November 2005. – Lists of characters and publication dates for each story.
Fantastic Fiction's page, with details of published editions, photos of book covers and links to used copies Blandings Castle on IMDb
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt is a publisher of textbooks, instructional technology materials, reference works, fiction and non-fiction for both young readers and adults. The company is based in Boston's Financial District; the company was known as Houghton Mifflin Company but changed its name following the 2007 acquisition of Harcourt Publishing. Prior to March 2010, it was a subsidiary of Education Media and Publishing Group Limited, an Irish-owned holding company registered in the Cayman Islands and known as Riverdeep. In 1832, William Ticknor and John Allen purchased a bookselling business in Boston and began to involve themselves in publishing. James Thomas Fields joined as a partner in 1843 and with Tickner gathered an impressive list of writers, including Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau; the duo formed a close relationship with Riverside Press, a Boston printing company owned by Henry Oscar Houghton. Houghton founded his own publishing company with partner Melancthon Hurd in 1864, with George Mifflin joining the partnership in 1872.
In 1878, Ticknor and Fields, now under the leadership of James R. Osgood, found itself in financial difficulties and merged its operations with Hurd and Houghton; the new partnership, named Houghton and Company, held the rights to the literary works of both publishers. When Osgood left the firm two years the business reemerged as Houghton and Company. Despite a lucrative partnership with Lawson Valentine, Houghton and Company still had debt it had inherited from Ticknor and Fields, so it decided to add partners. In 1884 James D. Hurd, the son of Melancthon Hurd, became a partner. In 1888, three others became partners as well: James Murray Kay, Thurlow Weed Barnes, Henry Oscar Houghton Jr. Shortly thereafter, the company established an Educational Department, from 1891 to 1908 sales of educational materials increased by 500 percent; the firm incorporated in 1908. Soon after 1916, Houghton Mifflin became involved in publishing standardized tests and testing materials, working with such test developers as E. F. Lindquist.
By 1921, the company was the fourth-largest educational publisher in the United States. In 1961, Houghton Mifflin famously passed on Julia Child's Mastering the Art of French Cooking, giving it up to Alfred A. Knopf who published it in 1962, it is considered by many to be the bible of French cooking. Houghton Mifflin's strategic error was depicted in the 2009 film Julia. In 1967, Houghton Mifflin became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange under the stock symbol HTN. In 1979, Houghton Mifflin acquired the children's division of Seabury Press. Under president Nader F. Darehshori Houghton Mifflin acquired McDougal Littell in 1994 for $138 million, an educational publisher of secondary school materials, the following year acquired D. C. Heath and Company, a publisher of supplemental educational resources. In 1996, the company created their Great Source Education Group to combine the supplemental material product lines of their School Division and these two companies. In 1998, HMH announced a sub-brand called LOGAL Software, to release a new line of interactive science software called Science Gateways, to support the United States curriculum.
As of 2017, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt is offering the "Logal Science" brand as a licensing opportunity on its website. In 2017, it was announced that Houghton Mifflin Harcourt would be getting involved in TV production with a planned 2019 Netflix series that will revive the Carmen Sandiego franchise. Mergers and acquisitions activities have had major effects on this company. In 2001, Houghton Mifflin was acquired by French media giant Vivendi Universal for $2.2 billion including assumed debt. In 2002, facing mounting financial and legal pressures, Vivendi sold Houghton to private equity investors Thomas H. Lee Partners, Bain Capital, Blackstone Group for $1.66 billion, including assumed debt. On December 22, 2006, it was announced that Riverdeep PLC had completed its acquisition of Houghton Mifflin; the new joint enterprise would be called the Houghton Mifflin Riverdeep Group. Riverdeep paid $1.75 billion in cash and assumed $1.61 billion in debt from the private investment firms Thomas H. Lee Partners, Bain Capital and Blackstone Group.
Tony Lucki, a former non-executive director of Riverdeep, remained in his position as the company's chief executive officer until April 2009. Houghton Mifflin sold its professional testing unit, Promissor, to Pearson plc in 2006; the company combined its remaining assessment products within Riverside Publishing, including San Francisco-based Edusoft. On July 16, 2007, Houghton Mifflin Riverdeep announced that it signed a definitive agreement to acquire the Harcourt Education, Harcourt Trade and Greenwood-Heinemann divisions of Reed Elsevier for $4 billion; the expanded company would become Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. McDougal Littell was merged with Harcourt's Rinehart & Winston to form Holt McDougal. On December 3, 2007, Cengage Learning announced that it had agreed to acquire the assets of the Houghton Mifflin College Division for $750 million, pending regulatory approval. On November 25, 2008, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt announced a temporary freeze on acquisition of new trade division titles in response to the economic crisis of 2008.
The publisher of the trade division resigned in protest. Many observers familiar with the publishing industry saw the move as a devastating blunder. Harcourt Religion was sold to Our Sunday Visitor in 2009. On July 27, 2009, the Irish