Tackle (gridiron football position)
Tackle is a playing position in American and Canadian football. In the one-platoon system prevalent in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a tackle played on both offense and defense. In the modern system of specialized units, offensive tackle and defensive tackle are separate positions, the stand-alone term "tackle" refers to the offensive tackle position only; the offensive tackle is a position on the offensive line and right. Like other offensive linemen, their job is to block: to physically keep defenders away from the offensive player who has the football and enable him to advance the football and score a touchdown; the term "tackle" is a vestige of an earlier era of football in which the same players played both offense and defense. A tackle is the strong position on the offensive line, they power their blocks with quick steps and maneuverability. The tackles are in charge of the outside protection. If the tight end goes out for a pass, the tackle must cover everyone that his guard does not, plus whoever the tight end is not covering.
They defend against defensive ends. In the NFL, offensive tackles measure over 6 ft 4 in and 300 lb. According to Sports Illustrated football journalist Paul "Dr. Z" Zimmerman, offensive tackles achieve the highest scores, relative to the other positional groups, on the Wonderlic Test, with an average of 26; the Wonderlic is taken before the draft to assess each player's aptitude for learning and problem solving. The right tackle is the team's best run blocker. Most running plays are towards the strong side of the offensive line; the right tackle will face the defending team's best run stoppers. He must be able to gain traction in his blocks so that the running back can find a hole to run through; the left tackle is the team's best pass blocker. Of the two tackles, the left tackles will have better footwork and agility than the right tackle in order to counteract the pass rush of defensive ends; when a quarterback throws a forward pass, the quarterback's shoulders are aligned perpendicular to the line of scrimmage, with the non-dominant shoulder closer to downfield.
Right-handed quarterbacks, the majority of players in the position, thus turn their backs to defenders coming from the left side, creating a vulnerable "blind side" that the left tackle must protect. A 2006 book by Michael Lewis, The Blind Side: Evolution of a Game, made into a 2009 motion picture, sheds much light on the workings of the left tackle position; the book and the film's introduction discuss how the annual salary of left tackles in the NFL skyrocketed in the mid-1990s. Premier left tackles are now sought after, are the second highest paid players on a roster after the quarterback. Recent examples include Eric Fisher, Luke Joeckel, Lane Johnson, Matt Kalil, Trent Williams, Jake Long, Joe Thomas
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves; the offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, otherwise they turn over the football to the defense. Points are scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal; the team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football; the first match of American football was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams and Princeton, under rules based on the association football rules of the time.
During the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player teams, the concept of downs; the sport is related to Canadian football, which evolved parallel and contemporary to the American game, most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are present in Canadian football. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States; the most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually all of them men, with a few exceptions. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world.
In the United States, American Football is called "football". The terms "gridiron" or "American football" are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia. American football evolved from the sports of rugby football. Rugby football, like American football, is a sport where two competing teams vie for control of a ball, which can be kicked through a set of goalposts or run into the opponent's goal area to score points. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6, 1869, between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams; the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, with the ultimate goal being to advance it into the opponent's goal. Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for several years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school.
Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19, 1873 to create a standard set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified. Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. After playing McGill University using both Canadian and American rules, the Harvard players preferred the Canadian style having only 11 men on the field, running the ball without having to be chased by an opponent, the forward pass and using an oblong instead of a round ball. An 1875 Harvard–Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes; these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to "selling refrigerators to Eskimos." Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to intercollegiate play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879.
Yale player Walter Camp, now regarded as the "Father of American Football", secured rule changes in 1880 that reduced the size of each team from 15 to 11 players and instituted the snap to replace the chaotic and inconsistent scrum. The introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt. However, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records; each team held the ball. This "block game" proved unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, a reversion to the scrum was considered. However, Camp proposed a rule in 1882 that limited each team to three downs, or tackles, to adva
Darrell K Royal was an American football player and coach. He served as the head coach at Mississippi State University, the University of Washington, the University of Texas, compiling a career college football record of 184–60–5. In his 20 seasons at Texas, Royal's teams won three national championships, 11 Southwest Conference titles, amassed a record of 167–47–5, he won more games than any other coach in Texas Longhorns football history. Royal coached the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League for one season in 1953, he never had a losing season as a head coach for his entire career. Royal played football at the University of Oklahoma from 1946 to 1949, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1983. Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium in Austin, where the Longhorns play their home games, was renamed in his honor in 1996. "K" is Royal's given middle name, not an abbreviation. He received it in honor of his mother, who died when he was an infant, she died of cancer, but because of the stigma surrounding the disease at that time, Royal was led to believe until he was an adult that she had died giving birth to him.
In 1942, during World War II, Royal finished Hollis High School. He joined the United States Army Air Corps, where he played football for the 3rd Air Force team during 1945 and was spotted and recruited by scouts for the University of Oklahoma Sooners football program, he played quarterback and defensive back at the University of Oklahoma under his mentor, coach Bud Wilkinson, from 1946 to 1949. While attending Oklahoma, he joined the Delta Upsilon Fraternity. Royal was most noted for his prowess as a defensive back, where his 18 career interceptions and his three interceptions in the 1947 game against Oklahoma A&M are still Sooner records. Royal's part-time contributions as quarterback had a similar impact, despite the fact that he shared time with Jack Mitchell and Claude Arnold at the position, he threw a 43-yard pass against North Carolina in the 1949 Sugar Bowl. Royal holds the fourth-best winning percentage in school history with a 16–1 mark as a part-time quarterback starter, his 11–0 mark as a starter in 1949 ranks as one of the best seasons in school history.
In 1992, Royal was inducted into the Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. Royal served as an assistant coach at North Carolina State and Mississippi State, he coached the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League, in 1954, he returned to Mississippi State for his first collegiate head coaching job. He spent the 1956 season as head coach at the University of Washington. Royal took over as head coach at the University of Texas in December 1956; the team went from a 1–9 record, their worst record in 1956 to a 6–4–1 mark and a berth in the Sugar Bowl in 1957. Within two years, Royal had the Longhorns in the Cotton Bowl as the number-four team in the country. In Royal's 20 years as head coach, Texas never had a losing season. Royal posted a 167–47–5 career record at Texas, his overall coaching record was 184–60–5. Some of his most memorable games were against the University of Arkansas Razorbacks, fellow College Football Hall of Fame head coach Frank Broyles. With Royal at the helm, Texas won the school's first three undisputed national championships, won or shared 11 Southwest Conference championships, made 16 bowl appearances.
His 1963 and 1969 teams finished the season undefeated and untied—something no Longhorn team would do again until 2005. Royal's teams were known for being run-oriented; the quote, "Three things can happen when you pass, two of them are bad," is attributed to Royal, but Royal himself attributed it to another run-first coach, Woody Hayes. Royal's coaching tactics were the subject of criticism in Gary Shaw's exposé of college football recruiting and coaching practices, Meat on the Hoof, published in 1972, six years after Shaw left the Texas football program. Beginning in 1962, Royal served as Texas's athletic director, he retired from coaching in 1976 and remained director of athletics until 1980. He served as special assistant to the university president on athletic programs. During his tenure, Royal oversaw the integration of African-Americans into the UT athletics program. At that time, while UT began admitting black students in 1956 and opening the athletics program to them in 1963, there were no black student-athletes well into the late 1960s.
In 2005, Royal retrospectively noted. But they weren't changing that around here at the time.". He offered a scholarship to Julius Whittier of San Antonio after the last recipient dropped out due to poor academic performance, Whittier became the first black student-athlete to play for the Texas Longhorns football team. Whittier went on to graduate from the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs in 1976 with a master's degree and works as a chief prosecutor with the Dallas District Attorney's Office. Royal coached Freddie Steinmark, a member of the 1969 Longhorns National Championship team and subsequently died from bone cancer. Steinmark has been the topic of several books and a 2015 movie, My All American where Royal was portrayed by Aaron Eckhart. In 1996, the University honored Royal by renaming Texas Memorial Stadium as Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium. Royal was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1983. Coach Royal was famous for the inspirational Royalisms; these sayings include: "God gives talent, speed.
But a guy can control how hard he tries." "I want to be remembered as a winning coach, but I want to be rememb
Lineman (gridiron football)
In gridiron football, a lineman is a player who specializes in play at the line of scrimmage. The linemen of the team in possession of the ball are the offensive line, while linemen on the opposing team are the defensive line. A number of NFL rules address restrictions and requirements for the offensive line, whose job is to help protect the quarterback from getting sacked for a loss, or worse, fumbling; the defensive line is covered by the same rules. Linemen are the largest players on the field in both height and weight, since their positions require less running and more strength than skill positions; the offensive line consists of the center, responsible for snapping the ball into play, two guards who flank the center, two offensive tackles who flank the guards. In addition, a full offensive line may include a tight end outside one or both of the tackles. An offensive lineman's motion during a play is limited to just a few quick steps to establish position, followed by a wrestling match similar to sumo.
Offensive linemen thus tend to be the largest players on the field, with excellent agility and balance but limited straight-line running speed. On some running plays, an offensive lineman will pull by backing out of his initial position and running behind the other offensive linemen to engage a defensive player beyond the initial width of the offensive line; when an offensive lineman knocks a player down on a block, leaving the defensive player lying flat on his back, it is known as a pancake block. When an offensive line has an equal number of men on either side of the center, it is known as a balanced line; the interior offensive line guards. Offensive linemen are not eligible to catch forward passes, are not allowed to advance more than 2 yards past the line of scrimmage at the time a pass is thrown, whether they are engaged with a defensive player or not. However, ends are eligible to catch passes. On running plays, the primary job of the offensive line is to create space for the ball carrier to run, either by pushing all defensive players backwards past the line of scrimmage, or by pushing defensive players to the side to allow the ball carrier to run past them.
On passing plays, the offensive line is responsible for stopping defensive players from tackling the quarterback before he has thrown the ball. Stopping these players indefinitely is not possible, so the main objective of the offensive line is to slow them down, providing the quarterback with several seconds to identify an open receiver and throw the ball; the defensive line consists of one or two defensive tackles and two defensive ends who play outside the defensive tackles. The defensive line works with the linebackers to try to control the line of scrimmage; the 4-3 defensive formation, most used in the NFL, employs two defensive tackles, while the 3-4 formation uses just a single defensive tackle, called the nose tackle. However, defensive ends in a typical 3-4 have responsibilities more similar to a 4-3 defensive tackle than 4-3 defensive ends. On running plays, the goal is to tackle the ball carrier; the defensive line attempts to maintain their original formation, but to prevent any members of the opposing offensive line from engaging the linebackers, who chase down the ball carrier.
The defensive tackles are the most skilled run defenders on the team. On passing plays, the defensive line tries to reach the quarterback. Ideally, the defensive players are able to tackle the quarterback for a loss, but in practice the quarterback will manage to throw the ball before an actual tackle is made. Defensive ends are the most skilled pass rushers on the team. In order to increase the pressure on the quarterback, teams will have players other than the defensive line attempt to tackle the quarterback; because the defense does not know whether the offense is attempting to run a passing play or a running play, they must balance passing and running strategies: running around offensive linemen and avoiding contact may allow faster pressure on a quarterback, but it leaves a hole in the defensive line and frees an offensive lineman to engage a linebacker, enabling a big running play. Defensive linemen defensive ends, are called upon to do more running than offensive linemen, thus they tend to be somewhat lighter and faster
Emory Dilworth Bellard was a college football coach. He was head coach at Texas A&M University from 1972 to 1978 and at Mississippi State University from 1979 until 1985. Bellard died on February 10, 2011 after battling amyotrophic lateral sclerosis since the fall of 2010. Bellard is a member of the Texas Sports Hall of Fame, he was considered to have had one of the most innovative offensive minds in football and is credited for inventing the wishbone formation. A native of Luling, Bellard was one of 12 children, his father was a geologist and driller who arrived in Central Texas in the late 1920s to take part in the emerging oil boom. Bellard graduated from Aransas Pass High School and went on to attend the University of Texas at Austin, where he played his freshman year under coach Dana X. Bible. Bellard broke his leg during his sophomore season and transferred to Southwest Texas State University. Bellard was a high school head coach for 21 seasons, where he achieved a record of 177–59–9 and won three state titles.
During his time as a high school coach, he explored the idea of running an offense out of a three-back formation. Bellard began coaching at a Class B school in Ingleside, Texas, he guided the school to two consecutive regional wins in 1953 and 1954, a street near Ingleside High School is named after him. He was hired to succeed Joe Kerbel at Breckenridge High School a state powerhouse in the second-highest UIL classification. Under coach Kerbel and his predecessor Cooper Robbins, Breckenridge won three 3A state championships in 1951, 1952, 1954. Bellard continued that winning tradition with state titles in 1958 and 1959. In 1960, Bellard was selected over Gordon Wood to replace Bob Harrell as head coach at Central High School in San Angelo, Texas. San Angelo Central was playing in the competitive District 2-4A, nicknamed the "Little Southwest Conference", against perennial state champions such as Abilene and Odessa Permian. Bellard amassed a 59–19–2 record at San Angelo Central, winning a 4A state championship in 1966.
He left the high school ranks for the University of Texas at Austin. In 1988, Bellard returned to the high school level, coaching Spring Westfield High School near Houston, Texas, to a 41–22–5 record over six seasons. In 1967, Bellard was hired as the linebackers coach at the University of Texas at Austin and was moved to offensive coordinator in 1968. At this time, he developed and implemented the wishbone formation, a system inspired by the variations of the veer developed by Homer Rice and run by Bill Yeoman at the University of Houston. Bellard became head coach at Texas A&M in 1972, taking over head-coaching duties from Gene Stallings. In his seven years at Texas A&M, he finished with a record of three top-15 finishes. Acting as his own offensive coordinator, Bellard hired former high school football coaches to assist him as backfield coaches, including Gil Bartosh and Chuck Moser. Both Bartosh and Moser had won Texas state championships. In 1975, Bellard hired Tom Wilson away from Jim Carlen's Texas Tech coaching staff to serve as the Aggies' offensive coordinator.
For the defensive department, Bellard hired Melvin Robertson, one of the top defensive coaches, away from Bill Yeoman's coaching staff at the University of Houston. Robertson became defensive coordinator, among his assistants were R. C. Slocum and Dan LaGrasta. Bellard's first two seasons at Texas A&M were difficult, as his Aggies finished 3–8 and 5–6, respectively. In 1974, with a pair of his own recruiting classes suited to run the wishbone formation, the Aggies went 8–3 followed it up with two 10–2 seasons, including a pair of wins over Royal and the Longhorns and three consecutive bowl games. After starting the 1978 season 4–0, Bellard resigned mid-season after two consecutive losses: 33–0 to Houston and 24–6 to Baylor. After A&M, Bellard spent seven seasons as head coach at Mississippi State University, his best years as the Bulldogs head coach were in 1980 and 1981, when his team finished 9–3 and 8–4, respectively. Bellard was the coach when Mississippi State defeated number 1, undefeated Alabama 6-3 in Jackson, Mississippi in 1980.
However, the Bulldogs regressed after 1981. In the next five seasons, he only won a total of five games in SEC play. Before the 1985 season, Bellard boldly predicted that the Bulldogs would rebound and win their first SEC title since 1941, they not only went winless in SEC play. Bellard was fired after the season. Emory Bellard at Find a Grave
James Franklin McIngvale known as Mattress Mack, is a businessman and philanthropist from Houston, Texas. He is known for operating the Gallery Furniture retail chain. McIngvale was born on February 1951, in Starkville, Mississippi, he graduated from Bishop Lynch High School in Dallas and attended North Texas State University, now University of North Texas, in Denton where he played football. He and his wife have three children, their daughter Elizabeth was diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder at age 12, at one point several doctors declared her illness too severe to be treatable. McIngvale and his wife sent her to the Menninger Clinic when she was 15, where she underwent Exposure Response Prevention Therapy and learned to manage her OCD, she became an assistant professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Baylor College of Medicine, founded the Peace of Mind Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to helping people with OCD. In 2002, Jim McIngvale co-authored the book Always Think Big with Thomas Duening and John Ivancevich, which chronicles the ups and downs of McIngvale's entrepreneurial career.
He lived in the Northgate Forest community in an unincorporated area of Texas. Ericka Mellon of the Houston Chronicle said that he was "one of Northgate's most recognizable residents."McIngvale is best known for his energetic, fast-paced sales pitches ending with some variant of his catchphrase "saves you money!" His distinctive sales style originated from an incident that occurred early on in Gallery Furniture's history. Faced with financial difficulties, McIngvale invested all his remaining money $10,000, in a television commercial to be aired on two stations. While watching the commercial being produced, he became dissatisfied and ad-libbed a sales pitch, speaking because of the limited amount of time available; the commercial proved effective, his sales increased afterward. In 1999, McIngvale spoke to the British Deming Association annual conference about the influence of W Edwards Deming on his business methods. In May 2009, the Houston Chronicle reported that McIngvale refused to pay $48,000 dollars of taxes to the Greater Northside Management District, assessed from 2005 to 2007.
His northside facility is within the district's boundary. McIngvale said; the district sued McIngvale to try to force him to pay the taxes, McIngvale said he's willing to dispute the charges in court. Jim McIngvale started Gallery Furniture with $5,000 and his own pickup truck after a potential investor did not follow through with a proposed loan, he did well. But when the oil industry took a turn for the worse, he found his business slowing dramatically. Taking the last $10,000 to his name, Mattress Mack invested in local television commercials in 1983. "I was doing an ad, I was frustrated," said McIngvale. He continued, "I couldn't come up with a punch line. I pulled some money out of my pocket and yelled,'Gallery Furniture saves you money!'" The phrase has become well known throughout the greater Houston community. Gallery Furniture, established in 1981, has been ranked in Furniture Today's Top 100 Furniture Retailers for some time and ranks as the Sales-per-Square-Foot leader for independent retailers in the United States.
The store has around $200 million in sales per year. It sold less expensive furniture targeted toward lower-income individuals but has since expanded to include higher-end furniture. On May 21, 2009, the Gallery Furniture store on Interstate 45 North between Tidwell and Parker caught fire. There were no injuries. One hundred and fifty firefighters battled the 4-alarm blaze, which did not spread to the inside of the showroom, although it devastated the warehouse; the fire was believed to be arson, pursuant to the ATF, a suspect, Robert Gillham, was apprehended a few weeks later. Gillham, age 66, is a former Gallery Furniture employee, fired in 2007. In 2011, incarcerated since his arrest, was deemed mentally unfit to stand trial by an expert. Assistant Harris County District Attorney Steve Baldassano believes it is unlikely Gillham will be tried. Gallery Furniture owner Jim McIngvale commented on the situation, saying, "We wanted to get this behind us, get some closure on this, but the court system is the court system and if they say he's incompetent, we respect whatever the court system rules."
Gallery Furniture engages in a number of charitable projects. It aims to refurnish and revitalize the more than 130 USO Centers around the world, has become a USO Worldwide Strategic Partner Sponsor. For 30 years, Gallery Furniture has been holding its annual Christmas Giveaway, outfitting needy Houston area families' homes with brand new furniture. For the 30th anniversary of this tradition, 30 families received all new furniture, delivered by Gallery Furniture. In 2014, the company announced it would open a new store in Fort Bend County, one of the fastest-growing counties in the greater Houston area. On June 5, 2014, Gallery Furniture broke ground in Richmond, Texas. Jim "Mattress Mack" McIngvale was on site, sinking shovels into the ground with others involved with the construction. In addition to being the biggest Gallery Furniture location yet at 165,000 square feet, it features a space for disabled adults of the Brookwood Community to sell items they have made; the store opened in June 2015.
In 2000, Conan O'Brien staged a competition on Late
History of the Baltimore Colts
The Indianapolis Colts professional American football franchise was based in Baltimore, Maryland, as the Baltimore Colts from 1953 to 1984. The team was named for Baltimore's history of horse racing, it was the second incarnation of the Baltimore Colts, the first having played for three years in the All-America Football Conference and one in the National Football League. The 1953–83 Baltimore Colts team played its home games at Memorial Stadium; the Baltimore Colts were one of the first NFL teams to have cheerleaders, a marching band and a team "fight song". The Baltimore Colts were named after Baltimore's 142-year-old annual "Preakness Stakes", a premier thoroughbred horse racing event, second jewel of the famous "Triple Crown" championship series of the sport run at the historic Pimlico Race Course since 1873; this third, most famous Baltimore Colts pro football franchise was created in 1953, but can trace its history much earlier than that, to before the NFL itself began in 1920: its earliest predecessor was the old Dayton Triangles, a founding member of the reorganized and renamed National Football League of 1922, created in 1913.
Because of the link to the ancient Dayton Triangles, the Baltimore Colts can arguably claim to have played and won, on October 3, 1920, what could be considered the first A. P. F. A./N. F. L. Professional football game, with a 14-0 defeat of the rival Columbus Panhandles at Triangle Park in Dayton, Ohio; the team went through the following changes: Dayton Triangles pro football team relocated to New York City to the Borough of Brooklyn, New York and was renamed Brooklyn Dodgers in 1930. Changed name to Brooklyn Tigers in 1944. In the same year, the Boston Yanks are founded. Merged with Boston Yanks in 1945 as the World War II-era war-time "The Yanks". Brooklyn franchise canceled in 1945 by the League and the team's players were given to the Boston Yanks, as a parallel team, the is founded by the Tigers' former owner, Dan Topping. Miami Seahawks of the A. A. F. C. are folded and replaced in the Conference's second season by a new franchise in Baltimore given the name of the "Colts" after a name selection contest among the new Baltimore fans.
The Colts joined the reorganized NFL. in 1950, following the merger of the A. A. F. C. With the older league, along with the addition of teams San Francisco 49ers and the Cleveland Browns; this second Baltimore Colts franchise was dissolved by the NFL for financial reasons after only the one 1950 season on January 18, 1951. Boston Yanks were canceled upon request of the team owner for tax purposes; the owner was given a new franchise for New York City in 1949, now named the New York Bulldogs. The name was changed to the New York Yanks the following season in 1950; the Yanks absorbed much of the previous football Yankees' roster the next year. New York Yanks of the NFL were canceled after the one 1951 season and replaced in 1952 by the Dallas Texans, with the first expansion of the League into high school and collegiate football-crazy Texas and first into the southern part of the United States. Texans owner returned the team leadership to the League ownership of the NFL during mid-season; the Texans become a "road" team halfway through the 1952 season with no "home base", playing only "away" games and folded after the one 1952 season.
Dallas Texans franchise was sold to Baltimore civic and sports interests led by Carroll Rosenbloom on January 23, 1953, where a new team was established resurrecting the previous well-liked "Colts" nickname, they however replaced the old AAFC/NFL team colors of silver and green with the Texans' team colors of blue and white. As the result of a fan contest in Baltimore, won by Charles Evans of Middle River in suburban eastern Baltimore County, the team was renamed the "Baltimore Colts". On September 7, 1947, wearing the green and silver uniforms, the Colts, under Head Coach Cecil Isbell, won their initial All-America Football Conference game in the A. A. F. C.'s second season, 16–7, over the Brooklyn Dodgers. Home site for the new AAFC games in "The Monumental City" was the old 1922 Municipal Stadium on the north side of 33rd Street boulevard in northeast Baltimore renovated and rebuilt with an upper tier added the following year for use by the new American League of major league baseball's relocated franchise, the Baltimore Orioles).
The football team concluded its inaugural season before a record Baltimore crowd of 51,583 by losing to the New York Yankees, 21–7. The Colts finished with a 2–11–1 record, good for a fourth-place finish in the Eastern Division of the A. A. F. C; the Colts completed the 1948 season with a 7–8 record, tying the Buffalo Bills for the division title. The Colts compiled a 1–11 mark in their third season of 1949. Y. A. Tittle to gain additional hall of fame status a decade with the NFL's New York Giants was the Colts starting quarterback. After four years of inter-league rivalry and player contract raiding, the A. A. F. C. and N. F. L. Merged in 1950, the Colts joined the reorganized new NFL, along with the San Francisco 49ers and the Cleveland Browns. After posting a 1–11 record for the second consecuti