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Bohemian Crown Jewels

The Bohemian Crown Jewels, sometimes called the Czech Crown Jewels, include the Crown of Saint Wenceslas, the royal orb and sceptre, the coronation vestments of the Kings of Bohemia, the gold reliquary cross, St. Wenceslas' sword, they were held in Prague and Karlštejn Castle, designed in the 14th century by Matthias of Arras. Since 1791 they have been stored in St. Vitus Cathedral at Prague Castle. Reproductions of the jewels are permanently exhibited in the historical exposition at the former royal palace in the castle; the crown was made for the coronation of Charles IV in 1347. The crown has an unusual design, with vertical fleurs-de-lis standing at the front and sides. Made from 22-carat gold and a set of precious 19 sapphires, 30 emeralds, 44 spinels, 20 pearls, 1 ruby, 1 rubellite and 1 aquamarine, it weighs 2475g. At the top of the crown is the cross, which stores a thorn from Christ's crown of thorns; the Royal sceptre is made from 18-carat gold, 4 sapphires, 5 spinels and 62 pearls with an extra large spinel mounted on top of the sceptre.

The Royal orb is made from 18-carat gold, 8 sapphires, 6 spinels and 31 pearls. It weighs 780g and is decorated with wrought relief scenes from the Old Testament and the Book of Genesis; the Coronation robe was used from 1653 until 1836. It is lined with ermine; the robe is stored separately from jewelry in a specially air conditioned repository. For the coronation ceremonies, St. Wenceslas' sword, a typical Gothic weapon, was used; the first mention of the sword reported in historical records is in 1333, but the blade dates back to the 10th century, while the hilt is from the 13th century and textiles are from the time of Charles IV. The iron blade length is 76 cm, at the widest point has a ripped hole in a cross shape; the wooden handle is covered with yellow-brown fabric and velvet embroidered with the ornament of laurel twigs with thick silver thread. After coronation ceremonies, the sword was used for the purpose of granting knighthoods; the oldest leather case for the crown was made for Charles IV in 1347.

On top are inscribed four symbols: the Imperial eagle, Bohemian lion, the coat of arms of Arnošt of Pardubice and emblem of the Archbishopric of Prague. The door to Crown Jewels chamber, the iron safe, is hardly accessible and has seven locks. There are seven holders of the keys: the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister, the Prague Archbishop, the Chairman of the House of Deputies, the Chairman of the Senate, the Dean of the Metropolitan Chapter of St. Vitus Cathedral and the Mayor of Prague, who must all convene to facilitate opening the impenetrable door and coffer; the crown is dedicated after the Duke St. Wenceslaus of the Přemyslids dynasty of Bohemia; the jewels should be permanently stored in the chapel of St. Wenceslaus in St. Vitus, they were only lent to Kings, only on the day of the coronation, should be returned in the evening that day. After 1918 and the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic the Coronation Jewels ceased to serve their original function, but remained important as symbols of national independence and statehood.

In the past, the Jewels were kept in different places, but have been always brought to royal coronations in Prague. Wenceslaus IV moved them to Karlštejn Castle, they were repeatedly moved for safety reasons: in the 17th century, they were returned to Prague Castle, during the Thirty Years' War they were sent to a parish church in České Budějovice, they were secretly taken to the Imperial Treasury, Vienna. While the Jewels were stored in Vienna, the original gold orb and sceptre from the 14th century were replaced with current ones; the new orb and sceptre originated with an order by Ferdinand I in 1533. Possible reasons for this replacement might be that the originals were too austere, lacked any precious stones. Deemed unrepresentative of the prestige of the Kingdom of Bohemia, it made sense to replace them with an orb and sceptre in an ornate, jeweled style that resembled the crown; the Jewels were brought back to Prague on the occasion of the coronation of Bohemian king Leopold II in 1791.

At that time, the current tradition of seven keys was established, though the holders of the keys in the course of time were changed according to political and administrative structures. The jewels were kept in Vienna due to the threat from the Prussian Army, but were returned to Prague, arriving in the city on 28 August 1867. According to the ancient tradition and regulations laid down by Charles the Fourth in the 14th century, the Jewels are exhibited only to mark special occasions. Exhibitions can take place only at the Prague Castle. In the 20th century there were nine such moments in history; the President of the Republic has the exclusive right to decide on the display of the Crown Jewels. An ancient Czech legend says that any usurper who places the crown on his head is doomed to die within a year; this legend is supported by a rumor that Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi governor of the puppet state Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia secretly wore them, was assassinated less than a year by the Czech resistance.

If not mentioned coronation was held in Prague. Kings and queens crowned by Crown of Saint Wenceslas: Crown jewels Media related to Crown jewels of Bohemia at Wikimedia Commons The Bohemian Crown Jewels - Prague Castle website

High Point Panthers women's lacrosse

The High Point Panthers women's lacrosse team is a NCAA Division I college lacrosse team representing High Point University as part of the Big South Conference. They play their home games at Vert Stadium in North Carolina. In September 2008, High Point athletics director Craig Keilitz announced the formation of a women's lacrosse team. A nationwide search was conducted for its first head coach, Lyndsey Boswell was hired the following summer. Boswell was a 2005 graduate of Pfeiffer, where she was a two-time IWLCA All-American and was the Carolinas-Virginia Athletics Conference player of the year in 2004. Boswell set program records in goals and points, she was an assistant coach at Pfeiffer from 2005-06, before landing her first head coaching job at St. Andrews in 2007. From 2007-09, she coached the Knights to an increasing number of wins each year, culminating in 11 in 2009. In June 2009, Boswell became head coach at High Point, after a year and a half of recruiting, the Panthers' first Division I season was in spring 2011.

Through the 2018 season, Boswell has led the team to a 108-46 record, including a 39-4 mark in the Big South. The program has had a successful existence, having reached the conference tournament championship game in either the National Lacrosse Conference or the Big South Conference every year except for 2015; the team won a conference tournament in 2011 and a regular-season championship in 2012 in the National Lacrosse Conference before the league folded. In 2013 the Big South Conference began sponsoring women's lacrosse and was granted an automatic berth to the NCAA tournament; the Panthers joined the new league and have won the conference tournament in 2013, 2014, 2017. In 2013, after an 8-8 regular season, High Point won the Big South tournament title, but lost 18-7 to Loyola in the NCAA tournament. In 2014, for the second straight year, the Panthers scheduled four eventual tournament teams. While they lost all four, the stiff competition prepared them well for the Big South, where they swept the rest of the teams en route to another NCAA tournament appearance, an 18-4 loss to Notre Dame.2015 was a rebuilding year for the Panthers, who won just one game on the road en route to an 8-10 record.

The team finished fourth in the Big South Conference and lost to Winthrop in the conference tournament semifinal. In 2016, the Panthers finished 13-6, with a quality 15-9 win over No. 21 James Madison, but again ran into Winthrop in the conference tournament championship, losing 10-7.2017 saw the Panthers get off to a rough start, falling to eventual NCAA Tournament teams North Carolina and James Madison. However, the Panthers regained their footing by winning their last six nonconference games. Led by five players who scored 38+ goals, the Panthers swept through the Big South regular season and captured the conference tournament championship, outscoring every opponent by 7+ goals; the program garnered its first NCAA tournament win by defeating Towson, 21-15. The team faced top-seeded Maryland, where it lost 21-6, ending a team record 16-game win streak. In 2018, led by Tewaaraton Award Watch List nominee Erica Perrotta, freshman Abby Hormes, who scored 59 goals, the Panthers returned to the NCAA tournament.

After two early losses to eventual top-3 seeds UNC and James Madison, the Panthers rattled off sixteen straight wins, including triumphs over Notre Dame and Duke. The Panthers rose as high as #16 in the national rankings before a 19-10 first-round defeat to Denver in the NCAA tournament; the team partners with the Friends of Jaclyn Foundation, "an organization created to encourage NCAA athletic programs to sponsor pediatric brain tumor patients". Each April since 2013, the team has held a charity 5K to raise money for the foundation. Big South Offensive Player of the Year Mackenzie Carroll - 2014 Samantha Brown - 2017Big South Defensive Player of the Year Jasmine Jordan - 2013, 2014 Christina Del Sesto - 2017 Erica Perrotta - 2018Big South Coach of the Year Lyndsey Boswell - 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018Big South Scholar Athlete of the Year Jasmine Jordan - 2014Big South Tournament MVP Jasmine Jordan - 2013 Christina Del Sesto - 2017 Samantha Herman - 2018 Reference: The Panthers have appeared in four NCAA Division I Women's Lacrosse Championship tournaments.

Their record is 1–4

Lex Romana Curiensis

The Lex Romana Curiensis known as the Lex Romana Raetica, Lex Romana Utinensis or Epitome Sancti Galli, is a Latin legal treatise of the eighth century from the region of Churraetia. It was not a handbook for use in legal education. Nonetheless, it may be the basis of the Raetian lex et consuetudo that Charlemagne confirmed in the early 770s; the Lex Romana Curiensis is an epitomization of the Breviary of Alaric. It is divided into 27 books, it does not treat all the material in the Breviary because its source was itself an epitomized version. It does not contain sections on some of the so-called Sentences of Paul, the Codex Gregorianus, the Codex Hermogenianus or the Responsa of Papinian; the differences between the Lex and the Breviary stem not from the rhetorical choices of the creator of the former, but from the deficiencies in his legal education. He did not understand Roman law; the Lex is therefore presented as an example of customary West Roman vulgar law committed to writing. For example, the Lex cites the Roman Law of Citations of 426, but whereas the original law says that judges should follow the majority interpretation of the law and where there was none that of Papinian, the redactor of the Lex says that he who brings the most oath-helpers to court wins and that ties should be decided in favour of whoever could cite the Lex Papianus, that is, the Lex Romana Burgundionum.

In other places, the text bears marks of Germanic legal influence. The date and place of composition of the Lex Romana Curiensis are disputed, although most scholars today favour an eighth-century origin in Churraetia. Earlier scholars placed its composition anywhere between the middle of the eighth century and the middle of the ninth and anywhere from Churraetia to Lombardy, Istria or southern Germany. According to Paul Vinogradoff, it "is a statement of legal custom, drawn up for the Romance population of Eastern Switzerland, used in the Tyrol and Northern Italy as well." Modern scholars favour an early eighth-century date. The Croatian historian Lujo Margetić claims it was produced under Charlemagne around 803 as a "legal handbook" for the lands of the former Avar Khaganate; the Lex Romana Curiensis is preserved in full in three manuscripts as well as two fragments. Two of the manuscripts were made in Churraetia and are now in the archives of Pfäfers Abbey and the Abbey of Saint Gall; the other is from Verona, although it was kept for a long time first at Aquileia and at Udine, whence it was taken by Gustav Friedrich Hänel to Germany in the nineteenth century.

Since it has resided in Leipzig. The copying of the Veronese manuscript has been associated with the reign of Lambert in Italy; the two fragmentary texts are both from Milan. The editio princeps of the Lex Romana Curiensis was published by Paolo Canciani in 1789 from the Verona manuscript. Since the work did not have a title in the manuscript, he gave it the name Lex Romana by which it has been known since, he classified it among the leges barbarorum. Canciani, Paolo. "Lex Romana". Barbarorum leges antiquae cum notis et glossariis, Vol. 4, pp. 469–510. Venice, 1789. Zeumer, Karl. "Lex Romana Raetica Curiensis". Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Leges V, pp. 289–444. Hanover, 1888. Meyer-Marthaler, Elisabeth. Die Rechtsquellen des Kantons Graubünden: Lex Romana Curiensis. Aarau, 1959