Chas is a Municipal Corporation City in Bokaro district in the state of Jharkhand, India. Chas is the sub-urban area of Bokaro Steel City. Chas Nagar nigam. Chas is notable for a large wholesale market. Once a small grain trading hub of the region, Chas became notable during the Second World War when the British government used it as a base to supply soldiers fighting in the eastern front against the Japanese. After the decision of Government of India to establish the Bokaro Steel Plant, the economic activity of Chas gathered momentum, it was the administrative headquarters of the area when Bokaro was a part of Dhanbad district, when Bokaro became a district itself. The headquarters were moved to the Bokaro steel city. Chas is located at 23.63°N 86.17°E / 23.63. It has an average elevation of 210 metres, it is situated on the junction of National Highway 23 and National Highway 32. Some places of interest in Chas include Sidhu Kanu Chowk ITI more,Telidih Road,Check Post,AMRUT Hi Tech City Park Chas, Bhootnath Mandir,Joda Mandir,Jagadamba mandir,Solagidih Surya mandir,Jodhadih More, Patel Nagar Chas,Yaduvansh Nagar,Narayan pur,Ashok Vatika Colony, Swarnakar Muhalla, Hari Mandir As per 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration had a total population of 563,417, of which males were 299,232 and females 264,185.
Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration is composed of Bokaro Steel City and Bandhgora. As per 2011 Census of India, Chas Nagar Parishad had a total population of 141,640, of which 74,720 were males and 66,913 females. Scheduled Castes numbered 6,507 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 796. In the 2001 India census, Chas had a population of 96,923, males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Chas has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. On 10 February 2015, Chas was accorded municipal corporation status adding Kandra and Bandhgora to its area increasing the town's population to 156,888 from 141,640, As of 2011 census, the total number of literates in Bokaro Steel City UA was 420,736 out of which 242,827 were males and 177,909 were females; as of 2011 census, the total number of literates in Chas Nagar Parishad was 103,167, out of which 58,758 were males and 44,409 were females. Chas block
Urdu —or, more Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi, it is a registered regional language of Nepal. Apart from specialized vocabulary, spoken Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi, another recognized register of Hindustani; the Urdu variant of Hindustani received recognition and patronage under British rule when the British replaced the local official languages with English and Hindustani written in Nastaʿlīq script, as the official language in North and Northwestern India. Religious and political factors pushed for a distinction between Urdu and Hindi in India, leading to the Hindi–Urdu controversy. According to Nationalencyklopedin's 2010 estimates, Urdu is the 21st most spoken first language in the world, with 66 million speakers.
According to Ethnologue's 2017 estimates, along with standard Hindi and the languages of the Hindi belt, is the 3rd most spoken language in the world, with 329.1 million native speakers, 697.4 million total speakers. Urdu, like Hindi, is a form of Hindustani, it evolved from the medieval Apabhraṃśa register of the preceding Shauraseni language, a Middle Indo-Aryan language, the ancestor of other modern Indo-Aryan languages. Around 75% of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit, 99% of Urdu verbs have their roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit; because Persian-speaking sultans ruled the Indian subcontinent for a number of years, Urdu was influenced by Persian and to a lesser extent, which have contributed to about 25% of Urdu's vocabulary. Although the word Urdu is derived from the Turkic word ordu or orda, from which English horde is derived, Turkic borrowings in Urdu are minimal and Urdu is not genetically related to the Turkic languages. Urdu words originating from Chagatai and Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are Persianized versions of the original words.
For instance, the Arabic ta' marbuta changes to te. Contrary to popular belief, Urdu did not borrow from the Turkish language, but from Chagatai, a Turkic language from Central Asia. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words. Arabic influence in the region began with the late first-millennium Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent; the Persian language was introduced into the subcontinent a few centuries by various Persianized Central Asian Turkic and Afghan dynasties including that of Mahmud of Ghazni. The Turko-Afghan Delhi Sultanate established Persian as its official language, a policy continued by the Mughal Empire, which extended over most of northern South Asia from the 16th to 18th centuries and cemented Persian influence on the developing Hindustani; the name Urdu was first used by the poet Ghulam Hamadani Mushafi around 1780. From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century Urdu was known as Hindi.
The language was known by various other names such as Hindavi and Dehlavi. Hindustani in Persian script was used by Muslims and Hindus, but was current chiefly in Muslim-influenced society; the communal nature of the language lasted until it replaced Persian as the official language in 1837 and was made co-official, along with English. Hindustani was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian; this triggered a Hindu backlash in northwestern India, which argued that the language should be written in the native Devanagari script. This literary standard called "Hindi" replaced Urdu as the official language of Bihar in 1881, establishing a sectarian divide of "Urdu" for Muslims and "Hindi" for Hindus, a divide, formalized with the division of India and Pakistan after independence. There have been attempts to "purify" Urdu and Hindi, by purging Urdu of Sanskrit words, Hindi of Persian loanwords, new vocabulary draws from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi.
English has exerted a heavy influence on both as a co-official language. There are over 100 million native speakers of Urdu in India and Pakistan together: there were 52 million and 80.5 million Urdu speakers in India as per the 2001 and 2011 censuses respectively. However, a knowledge of Urdu allows one to speak with far more people than that, because Hindustani, of which Urdu is one variety, is the third most spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English; because of the difficulty in distinguishing between Urdu and Hindi speakers in India and Pakistan, as well as estimating the number of people for whom Urdu is a second language, the estimated number of speakers is uncertain and controversial. Owing to interaction with other languages, Urdu has become localized wherever it is spoken, including in Pakistan. Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from region
Chief executive officer
The chief executive officer or just chief executive, is the most senior corporate, executive, or administrative officer in charge of managing an organization – an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution. CEOs lead a range of organizations, including public and private corporations, non-profit organizations and some government organizations; the CEO of a corporation or company reports to the board of directors and is charged with maximizing the value of the entity, which may include maximizing the share price, market share, revenues or another element. In the non-profit and government sector, CEOs aim at achieving outcomes related to the organization's mission, such as reducing poverty, increasing literacy, etc. In the early 21st century, top executives had technical degrees in science, engineering or law; the responsibility of an organization's CEO are set by the organization's board of directors or other authority, depending on the organization's legal structure.
They can be far-reaching or quite limited and are enshrined in a formal delegation of authority. Responsibilities include being a decision maker on strategy and other key policy issues, leader and executor; the communicator role can involve speaking to the press and the rest of the outside world, as well as to the organization's management and employees. As a leader of the company, the CEO or MD advises the board of directors, motivates employees, drives change within the organization; as a manager, the CEO/MD presides over the organization's day-to-day operations. The term refers to the person who makes all the key decisions regarding the company, which includes all sectors and fields of the business, including operations, business development, human resources, etc; the CEO of a company is not the owner of the company. In some countries, there is a dual board system with two separate boards, one executive board for the day-to-day business and one supervisory board for control purposes. In these countries, the CEO presides over the executive board and the chairman presides over the supervisory board, these two roles will always be held by different people.
This ensures a distinction between management by the executive board and governance by the supervisory board. This allows for clear lines of authority; the aim is to prevent a conflict of interest and too much power being concentrated in the hands of one person. In the United States, the board of directors is equivalent to the supervisory board, while the executive board may be known as the executive committee. In the United States, in business, the executive officers are the top officers of a corporation, the chief executive officer being the best-known type; the definition varies. In the case of a sole proprietorship, an executive officer is the sole proprietor. In the case of a partnership, an executive officer is a managing partner, senior partner, or administrative partner. In the case of a limited liability company, executive officer is any manager, or officer. A CEO has several subordinate executives, each of whom has specific functional responsibilities referred to as senior executives, executive officers or corporate officers.
Subordinate executives are given different titles in different organizations, but one common category of subordinate executive, if the CEO is the president, is the vice-president. An organization may have more than one vice-president, each tasked with a different area of responsibility; some organizations have subordinate executive officers who have the word chief in their job title, such as chief operating officer, chief financial officer and chief technology officer. The public relations-focused position of chief reputation officer is sometimes included as one such subordinate executive officer, but, as suggested by Anthony Johndrow, CEO of Reputation Economy Advisors, it can be seen as "simply another way to add emphasis to the role of a modern-day CEO – where they are both the external face of, the driving force behind, an organisation culture". In the US, the term chief executive officer is used in business, whereas the term executive director is used in the not-for-profit sector; these terms are mutually exclusive and refer to distinct legal duties and responsibilities.
Implicit in the use of these titles, is that the public not be misled and the general standard regarding their use be applied. In the UK, chief executive and chief executive officer are used in both business and the charitable sector; as of 2013, the use of the term director for senior charity staff is deprecated to avoid confusion with the legal duties and responsibilities associated with being a charity director or trustee, which are non-executive roles. In the United Kingdom, the term director is used instead of chief officer". Business publicists since the days of Edward Bernays and his client John D. Rockefeller and more the corporate publicists for Henry Ford, promoted the concept of the "celebrity CEO". Business journalists have adopted this approach, which assumes that the corporate achievements in the arena of manufacturing, wer
Dugda is a census town in Chandrapura in Bermo subdivision of Bokaro district in the state of Jharkhand, India. It is a small township, constructed during the 1970s, situated under the foot of several small hills. Residents of the township are employees of Dugda Coal Washery under Bharat Coking Coal Limited. Dugda is located at 23.45°N 86.09°E / 23.45. It has an average elevation of 218 metres; as per 2011 Census of India Dugda had a population of 22,740, of which 11,912 were males and 10,828 females. Scheduled Castes numbered 2,827 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,240; as of 2001 India census, Dugda had a population of 18,864. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Dugda has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77% and, female literacy is 54%. In Dugda, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age; as of 2011 census, the total number of literates in Dugda was 15,794 out of which 9,236 were males and 6,568 were females. It has a small market situated between the town along with general and other stores scattered all over the town, which fulfills the needs of the people.
The city has many good schools. The students of these schools are working all over the country in different reputed companies. Khadeswari Temple - It is a famous temple for not only the people of Dugda but for many other from other places; this place is known as Pahari Mandir as it is situated on the top of the hill. Milan Kendra - This is the marriage ceremony hall for the people. Hanuman Mandir - There are three Hanuman Mandirs situated in the town. One in the middle of the market, second just below New B. C. C. L. Colony and the third one is in B. C. C. L Colony. Shiva Mandir -There are two Shiva Mandir one temple is situated at the rear side of the main market and another one is in the middle of New B. C. C. L. Colony, it is the temple of Lord Shiva as the main deity, along with many other Hindu Gods. Apart from these, there is a Gurudwara and a Mosque. SchoolsSaraswati Shisu mandir Dugda, Bokaro Saraswati Vidya Mandir Dugda, Bokaro D. A. V Public school Dugda, Bokaro Bal Vikas School Dugda, Bokaro Vidya Sagar High School Dugda, Bokaro High School Dugda, Bokaro Sunrise Public School dugda, Bokaro There is a sports playground at the center of the town used by the local residents for different sports and athletic interests, though it is used for hosting tournaments football, organized in Dugda.
There are many other smaller fields in the rest part of Dugda. Festivals like Chhath Puja, Durga Puja, Id, Sarhul are celebrated across the township with equal fervor and joy by the multicultural population here. On the tenth day of Durga Puja, the Ravana effigy is burnt, which signifies victory of good over bad. People not only from the town but from the neighboring places gather here to witness this grand spectacle. There is a general hospital in the township for the care of people. There are many small dispensaries and ayurvedic centers also; the town is well connected through roads and rail. The railway halt is a single line connection between Chandrapura; the hill top temple serves as a tourist attraction here. The temple construction started in the early 1970s and thereafter developmental activities continued through earnings and donations from temple visitors, followers of Baba Khadeswari and Dugda Coal Washery's employees. Baba Khadeswari was a Sadhu from Uttar Pradesh, who had visited this place in the early seventies and had decided to build a temple on the hill top.
He never communicated only through sign language. He used to wear wooden paduka. Today the temple has become a small tourist attraction. Pucca road from the bottom of the hill till the hill top has been constructed. Photos of Dugda Dugda facebook
Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River 75 kilometres west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port; the city is regarded as the "cultural capital" of India, is nicknamed the "City of Joy". According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the seventh most populous city. Recent estimates of Kolkata Metropolitan Area's economy have ranged from $60 to $150 billion making it third most-productive metropolitan area in India, after Mumbai and Delhi. In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading licence in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an fortified trading post. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Calcutta in 1756, the East India Company retook it the following year.
In 1793 the East India company was strong enough to abolish Nizamat, assumed full sovereignty of the region. Under the company rule, under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. Calcutta was the centre for the Indian independence movement. Following Indian independence in 1947, once the centre of modern Indian education, science and politics, suffered several decades of economic stagnation; as a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance and a religiously and ethnically diverse centre of culture in Bengal and India, Kolkata has local traditions in drama, film and literature. Many people from Kolkata—among them several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, other areas. Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods and freestyle intellectual exchanges.
West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India. Among professional scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agri Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Science Congress Association, the Zoological Survey of India, the Institution of Engineers, the Anthropological Survey of India and the Indian Public Health Association. Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by giving importance to association football and other sports; the word Kolkata derives from the Bengali term Kôlikata, the name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city was to be established. There are several explanations about the etymology of this name: The term Kolikata is thought to be a variation of Kalikkhetrô, meaning "Field of Kali".
It can be a variation of'Kalikshetra'. Another theory is. Alternatively, the name may have been derived from the Bengali term kilkila, or "flat area"; the name may have its origin in the words khal meaning "canal", followed by kaṭa, which may mean "dug". According to another theory, the area specialised in the production of quicklime or koli chun and coir or kata. Although the city's name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation; the discovery and archaeological study of Chandraketugarh, 35 kilometres north of Kolkata, provide evidence that the region in which the city stands has been inhabited for over two millennia. Kolkata's recorded history began in 1690 with the arrival of the English East India Company, consolidating its trade business in Bengal. Job Charnock, an administrator who worked for the company, was credited as the founder of the city.
The area occupied by the present-day city encompassed three villages: Kalikata and Sutanuti. Kalikata was a fishing village, they were part of an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor. These rights were transferred to the East India Company in 1698. In 1712, the British completed the cons
Damodar Valley Corporation
The Damodar Valley Corporation is a governmental organization which operates several power stations in the Damodar River area of West Bengal and Jharkhand states of India. The corporation operates both thermal power stations and hydel power stations under the Ministry of Power, Govt of India. DVC is headquartered in the city of West Bengal, India. DVC emerged as a culmination of attempts made over a whole century to control the wild and erratic Damodar River; the valley has been ravaged by floods at varying intensities. Serious floods occurred in 1730, 1823, 1848, 1856, 1882, 1898, 1901, 1916, 1923, 1935 & 1943; the river spans over an area of 25,235 sq. km covering the states of West Bengal. The catastrophe caused by the 1943 flood, led to serious public indignation against the Government; as a result, the Government of Bengal appointed a board of Enquiry titled "Damodar Flood Enquiry Committee"with the Maharaja of Burdwan and the noted physicist Dr. Meghnad Saha as members for suggesting remedial measures.
The Damodar Flood Enquiry Committee suggested creation of an authority similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority in the USA, recommended the construction of dams and storage reservoirs at the sites with a total capacity of 1.5 millions acre ft. and highlighted the possibilities of multipurpose development in the valley area. The Govt. of India commissioned the ‘Central Technical Power Board’ to study the proposal and appointed Mr. W L Voorduin, a senior engineer of the TVA to study the problem at the Damodar and to make his recommendation for comprehensive development of the valley. Accordingly, in August, 1944 Mr. Voorduin submitted his ‘Preliminary Memorandum on the unified Development of the Damodar River.’ Mr. Voorduin's "Preliminary Memorandum" suggested a multipurpose development plan designed for achieving flood control, power generation and navigation in the Damodar Valley. Four consultants appointed by the Government of India examined it, they approved the main technical features of Voorduin's scheme and recommended early initiation of construction beginning with Tilaiya to be followed by Maithon.
By April 1947, full agreement was reached between the three Governments of Central, West Bengal and Bihar on the implementation of the scheme and in March 1948, the Damodar Valley Corporation Act was passed by the Central Legislature, requiring the three Governments, The Central Government and the State Governments of West Bengal and Bihar to participate jointly for the purpose of building the Damodar Valley Corporation. The Corporation came into existence on 7 July 1948 as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India. Command area: 24,235 km2 spread across the Damodar basin. Jharkhand: 2 districts and parts of 8 districts West Bengal: 5 districts The Damodar Valley Corporation has been generating and transmitting power since 1953. DVC developed and expanded its infrastructure to six thermal power stations"and three hydro-electric power stations with a capacity of 147.2 MW which contribute to a total installed capacity of 7557.2 MW. Presently DVC has 49 sub-stations and receiving stations more than 8900-circuit km of transmission and distribution lines.
DVC has four dams, a barrage and a network of canals that play an effective role in water management. The construction of check dams, development of forests and farms and upland and wasteland treatment developed by DVC play a vital role in eco conservation and environment management. DVC has a network of four dams - Tilaiya and Maithon on Barakar River, Panchet on Damodar river and Konar on Konar river. Besides, Durgapur barrage and the canal network, handed over to Government of West Bengal in 1964, remained a part of the total system of water management. DVC dams are capable of moderating floods of 6.51 lac cusec to 2.5 lac cusecs. Four multipurpose dams were constructed during the period 1948 to 1959. Maithon Dam Panchet Dam Tilaiya Dam Konar DamFlood reserve capacity of 1,292 mcm has been provided in 4 reservoirs, which can moderate a peak flood of 18,395 cumec to a safe carrying capacity of 7,076 cumec. 419 mcm of water is stored in the 4 DVC reservoirs to supply 680 cusec of water to meet industrial and domestic requirements in West Bengal & Jharkhand.
The Durgapur barrage on river Damodar was constructed in 1955 for supply of irrigation water to the districts of Burdwan, Bankura & Hooghly. Irrigation Command Area: 569,000 hectares Irrigation Potential Created: 364,000 hectares Canals: 2,494 km 30,000 hectares of land in the upper valley is being irrigated, every year by lift irrigation with the water available from 16,000 check dams constructed by DVC. Maithon Power LimitedA joint venture company by DVC and Tata Power has been formed to implement 1,050 MW Maithon Right Bank Thermal Power Project for meeting the energy needs of power deficient regions on export basis. Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Limited A joint venture of DVC and SAIL has been established to operate and maintain the captive power and steam generation plant, hived off by SAIL and its Bokaro Steel Plant and supply power and steam to Bokaro Steel Ltd. DVC EMTA Coal Mines LimitedA joint venture company formed with Eastern Minerals & Trading Agency for development and operation of Captive Coal Mine Blocks and supply of coal to DVC Thermal Power Projects of 10th and 11th plan.
Mining & Allied Machinery Corporation The Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation in Durgapur —one of the PSU's in India set u
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City is a city in Jharkhand, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bokaro district and one of the most populous cities in the state of Jharkhand; the city stands at an elevation of 210 metres above sea level and has an urban area of 183 square kilometres. Bounded on the east by Dhanbad and Purulia, on the west by Ramgarh and Hazaribagh, on the north by Giridih and on the south by Ranchi, it is accessible through National Highway NH 143 & NH-18. Each sector has shopping centres, schools, recreational areas and health centres; the entire city is planned with residential areas as well as commercial areas. Bokaro was one of the first planned cities in the state of Jharkhand. According to the 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City is the 86th largest urban agglomeration in India, the 4th largest city in Jharkhand; the nearest commercial airport is at Ranchi, named Birsa Munda Airport, at a distance of 120 km. Bokaro Airport is an unserviced airport with no scheduled commercial flights.
However, the Government of India has planned to connect Bokaro to the regional hub of Patna and an international airport in Kolkata through the UDAN regional airport development scheme, opening the airport up could see commercial flights by 2019. SpiceJet airline has been awarded under the second phase of the UDAN Scheme to cater unserved market of Bokaro. Bokaro Steel City railway station lies at the edge of the Jharia Coalfield and serves the residents of Bokaro and the surrounding mining-industrial area, it is a B category station, with amenities including air-conditioned waiting rooms, a food court, charging points, a foot over-bridge, computerised ticket reservation counters. The railway station is operated by the South Eastern Railway of the Indian Railways, provides connectivity to neighbouring states and major metropolitan areas such as Delhi and Chennai. Mohan Kumar Mangalam Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in the heart of the city, it can seat 30,000 fans. Senapati Cricket Stadium was constructed in 1995 and is maintained by Steel Authority of India.
Arundhati Bhattacharya and former chairperson of the State Bank of India Imran Zahid, actor Shahbaz Nadeem, cricket player and captain of the Jharkhand cricket team Prakash Jha, film producer and director Chetan Joshi, Indian classical musician Shishir Parkhie and Bhajan artist & music composer Bokaro district North Chotanagpur division Bokaro Steel Plant Jharkhand Bokaro District website Bokaro in Wikimapia