Sigtuna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Märsta 37 km north of the Swedish capital, Stockholm; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. The municipality consists of several former local government units and was formed in 1971, it got its name from the small, but old, City of Sigtuna, but the seat was placed in the larger modern town of Märsta. The three towns of the municipality are Märsta and Rosersberg, of which Märsta is the municipal seat and Sigtuna with its old and important history is a popular tourist destination. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 20 291, or 43.04% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 9 426, or 26.35% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 47 146 residents in Sigtuna, of which 15 268 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
In the municipality lies the largest workplace in Sweden, the Arlanda Airport, with 13,000 employees in 200 companies. As a result, Siguna is travelled through by 18,300,000 visitors yearly, has the fourth most hotel stays, following to the commercial and regional centres Stockholm and Malmö. Swedavia, the Swedish airport management company, has its head office on the airport property. Scandinavian Airlines had its head office on the airport property; the municipality is twinned with: Sønderborg Municipality in Denmark Rakvere in Estonia Raisio in Finland Porsgrunn in Norway Official website
Nynäshamn is a locality and the seat of Nynäshamn Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 13,510 inhabitants in 2010. While interest in the area as a useful port grew from the mid 19th Century, it was only with the opening of the railway to Stockholm in 1901 that Nynäshamn started to develop. During the early 20th Century, Nynäshamn became well known as a spa town, though most such facilities were closed down before the end of World War I. Main industries arrived through Telegrafverkets verkstäder in 1916 and an oil refinery built in 1928-29 by Axel Ax:son Johnson & Co; the latter still remains though under the name Nynas. Nynäshamn was the venue of the Olympic sailing regatta in 1912. Nynäshamn, which lies about 60 km south of Stockholm, is well known for being one of the places on the Swedish mainland from where ferries to the island Gotland depart; this is a hugely popular destination for Swedes of all ages in the summer months. The Polferries terminal offer regular routes to Gdańsk in Poland.
Several cruise ships on tours in the Baltic Sea stay in the harbour, because they are too large to go into Stockholm. A harbour party is hosted each summer, as well as local craft fairs. During these events a steam train runs routes to and from Stockholm. During the summer months, the harbour is packed with boats of all sizes, bustles with both visitors and locals. There are a number of boutiques with locally made produce; the main town is modern and the buildings uninteresting generally. A library and one screen cinema is centrally located, a limited amount of shops catering to to local trade. Many people in Nynäshamn live in apartment blocks, situated in estates, although there are none more than 10 stories high. There are plenty of villas scattered throughout the town, terraced houses. Life in Nynäshamn is relaxed, in contrast to the bustle of Stockholm; the surrounding nature and sea provides plenty of photographic opportunities, once you get out of the town centre. Crime is low. Nynäshamn is served by Stockholm commuter rail and several bus routes
Upplands Väsby Municipality
Upplands Väsby Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, with a population of 38,963. Its seat is located in the town of Upplands Väsby; the municipality was created in connection with the municipal reform of 1952, when the rural municipalities Ed, Fresta and Hammarby were amalgamated. It got its name from a settlement; the name Väsby can be attested from the 13th century. The prefix "Upplands" came to be used by the post station in 1919 as a means of separating it from other Väsbys in the country; the municipality was named "Upplands-Väsby" for a time, but the dash has now been removed. Upplands Väsby is located in between Stockholm and Arlanda Airport, the East Coast Line railroad goes through the municipality. There are local train services to Arlanda Airport, Stockholm Central Station and Älvsjö; the land is covered with good soil and moraine. The western part border to a creek of the lake Mälaren, which marks the border to the municipality Upplands-Bro. There are other water areas, such as streams and small lakes, in the municipality.
One of them is the small river Väsbyån. Located in the province of Uppland the municipality holds. Runestones and axes from the Bronze Age have been found; the number of rune inscriptions in the municipality amounts to 76. When Väsby Centrum, a shopping centre that houses some 60 stores, was built in Väsby in 1972 the population grew markedly; the mall is undergoing a large increase. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 17 533, or 39.31% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 10 132, or 27.06% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 44 605 residents in Upplands Väsby, of which 13 009 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Upplands Väsby Municipality - Official site Väsby Centrum
Täby Municipality is a municipality north of Stockholm in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Täby. Täby Municipality can be characterized as a suburb of Stockholm; the municipality is one of few in Sweden which has the same size as the original entity created out of Täby parish, when the first local government acts came into force in 1863. It has not been amalgamated with other units. For statistical purposes the municipality is divided into two non-administrative urban areas; the southern built-up area constituted until 2014 the multimunicipal urban area Täby, situated in Danderyd Municipality. From 2015 it is considered part of Stockholm urban area The northern built-up area, is part of the bimunicipal Vallentuna urban area, of which the main part constitutes the seat of Vallentuna Municipality. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 15 429, or 21.91% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 9 760, or 16.21% of the population.
On 31 December 2017 there were 70 405 residents in Täby, of which 12 183 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Täby is one of the wealthiest municipalities in Sweden, with the 2nd highest median income per capita; the share of educated persons, according to Statistics Sweden's definition: persons with post-secondary education, three years or longer, is 43.9% and the 6th highest in the country. The municipality is served by the Stockholm public transport system through SL. There are twelve stops on all the three branches of the narrow gauge Roslagsbanan suburban railway. There is bus connection with the Stockholm metro as well as an extensive internal bus network. During the first millennium, Täby was part of the lands of the Svear, known as Svitjod.
Remains from this period can be found in more than 37 runestones found in the municipality. In the north of the municipality can be found, the remains of the 11th-century causeway known as Jarlabankes bro; the cross on Täby's coat of arms is found on the Risbylestenen, a runestone, in the northern part of the municipality. It is said. During the Middle Ages, Täby was part of the Attundaland region. Täby remained a rural community until the 19th century. Most of the land was owned by the noble families. During the 16th and 17th centuries, most of the land in eastern Täby was owned by the Brahe family of Rydboholm Manor. Other noble families owning land in Täby at different times during this period were Banér, Bååth, Sparre and Meijerfeldt; the latter two owned, at different times, Näsby Manor in the southeast of the municipality. By 1790 Täby had a population of 900 people, most of them living on one of the 36 farms. By the end of the 19th century the population had grown to 1,250. In 1885, the Roslagsbanan narrow-gauge railway was built, connecting Täby with the city of Stockholm.
Täby experienced a population expansion. People settled near the railway stations. In 1902 the wealthy engineer Carl Robert Lamm, acquired the burned down Näsby Manor and rebuilt it. Around the time of the First World War many city dwellers in Stockholm acquired small summer residences in the eastern part of Täby, what is now the district pof Näsbypark. By 1919 Täby's population had grown to 3,000; some years after Second World War Täby became a suburb of Stockholm, by 1947 the population had increased to 8,584, concentrated in the southern and eastern parts of the municipality. In 1948 Täby acquired the title of a "merchant town", valid until the reform of 1971; this was the beginning of the large scale development of Täby, led by the mayor Gustaf Berg. By 1975 the population had increased to 41,307 people. Today, Täby is considered an attractive suburb to Stockholm with one of the highest median incomes in Sweden. Täby has for a long period of time been run by a coalition of centre-right parties.
Filippa Reinfeldt, ex-wife of Fredrik Reinfeldt, had been mayor of Täby for a long time, until Jan Rosenberg, of the Moderate Party, became the current mayor of Täby Municipality. The slogan of the municipality is today in translation "Täby, the city on the countryside". Runestones: There are 37 identified runestones in Täby, their inscriptions have provided many interesting and useful insights into the life and destinies of the people of the Viking Age. Judging from the inscriptions of the runestones and legends, the most important man at that time was Jarlabanke Ingefastsson, he has given name to the remains of the Viking era causeway known as Jarlabankes bro. Näsby Manor: Originally built in the 1660s and designed by Nicodemus Tessin the Elder, Näsby Manor is located in the picturesque and natural setting of Näsbyviken shore; the manor was burned to the ground in 1897, but was rebuilt according to the original design on the initiative of Carl Robert and Dora Lamm who moved into the manor in 1905.
Parts of the old manor garden still are being well preserved. Taby Racecourse: Sweden's largest horse racing trac
Lidingö is an island in the inner Stockholm archipelago, northeast of Stockholm, Sweden. In 2010, the population of the Lidingö urban area on the island was 31,561, it is the seat of government of Stockholm County. Lidingö's qualities have attracted affluent residents such as Björn Ulvaeus and Agnetha Fältskog of ABBA. Exclusive regions include the coastal region between Mölna and the east tip of the island, Gåshaga, as well as the east tip of the northern part of the horse shoe, called Elfvik. Notwithstanding the fact that many middle-class Swedes have moved to the island, the municipality remains the third wealthiest in Sweden after Danderyd and Täby; the seascape at Lidingö shares similarities with that of Seattle, USA and Sydney, with clear blue skies and waterways. The landscape is one of open farm land; the Lidingö summer is limited to the period between the end of May and August, when the air temperature exceeds 25 °C. Sea water temperatures peak around 20 °C, in mid July, in the inner parts of the archipelago.
September and October are the months of the short autumn. The first snow fall is expected in the first two weeks of November. During winter, thick ice covers the waters around Stockholm and up to 15 to 20 nautical miles into the Baltic Sea; the coldest period is from January until the end of February. Springtime is from mid April to May. Two runic inscriptions have been found on Lidingö; the latest, listed in Rundata as the Uppland Runic Inscription Fv1986 84, was found in 1984 under a 10 cm thick layer of soil and moss in an uninhabited region. The inscription is from the Viking age, around 800–1050 AD; the inscription has been translated as: "Åsmund carved runes in memory of his grandfather Sten, father of Sibbe and Gerbjörn...a great monument over a good man."The figures show large snakes and on top, a Maltese cross, a typical motif for the late Viking age rune stones. 300 to 400 years after the carving of the runes, the inhabitants of Lidingö had established small farms. Lidingö is first mentioned in writing in 1328, in the will of Jedvard Filipsson, in the sentence curiam in Lydhingø meaning a "Lidingö farm".
Bo Jonsson bought the entire island between 1376 and 1381. In 1480, the island was taken over by the Banér family from Djursholm. On 29 August 1774, Johan Gabriel Banér from Djursholm, sold the entire island and the land was divided into 25 farms. In the east part of Lidingö, the Långängen-Elfvik national park, which includes 125 acres of open farmland and most of the forest land on Elfvik, preserved within its boundaries, one of the largest old farms, the Elfviks farm. Most of the original houses, built from the end of the 18th century to mid‑19th century, have been saved and restored; the farm is still active with beef cattle and horses and is run by Lidingö Municipality. The first church was built in 1623; the IBM educational center for northern Europe, was built close to the Elfvik farm in the early 1960s. The centre was converted to a hotel; the following sports clubs are located in Lidingö: IFK Lidingö - IFK Lidingö FK IFK Lidingö - IFK Lidingö SOK IFK Lidingö - IFK Lidingö FRI Lidingöloppet, cross-country running event Hersbyholm
The Million Programme is the common name for an ambitious public housing programme implemented in Sweden between 1965 and 1974 by the governing Swedish Social Democratic Party to make sure everyone could have a home at a reasonable price. The aim was to construct a million new dwellings during the programme's ten-year period. At the time, the Million Programme was the most ambitious building programme in the world to build one million new homes in a nation with a population of eight million. At the same time, a large proportion of the older housing stock was demolished; the housing shortage in Sweden before the start of the programme was a major political and social issue in Sweden. Between 1860 and 1960, Sweden had transformed from an agrarian nation to a industrialized nation, which led to a large urbanization trend; the population in the countryside moved in large numbers to towns after 1945. This urbanization following World War II was encouraged by the authorities and governing establishment.
After the war, as Swedish industry was unharmed, cities needed workers to produce the amount of goods demanded by the rest of war-destroyed Europe. The major cities of Sweden had in many cases had their last building boom in the late-19th century and were, by 1950, much too small to accommodate the rural population flooding into the cities; the increasing standard of living led to demands to decrease the population density and to abolish the old Lort-Sverige. This was made possible because of the outstanding growth Sweden had during the record years in the 1950s and 1960s which led to a flood of income to the national treasury; this money was used to implement social reforms. The social democratic government implemented reforms to ensure the availability of land, such as new land acquisition rules for local authorities, as long as the landowner was planning to sell it to a private buyer. Another new law said that a municipality could build homes outside its border, because rural municipalities near Stockholm could not afford to build so much.
Over the lifespan of the program, 1,006,000 new dwellings were built. For the houses designed for the lowest-income group, the government would bear 66% of the initial costs and this would be repaid by the customers and residents in a 30-year period. For other categories such as students, blue collar workers, immigrants, the government provided subsidies and incentives to building companies in order to start construction; the net result was an increase in Sweden’s housing stock of 650,000 new apartments and houses, financed through property taxes, with a general rise in housing quality. These houses have small apartments and a similar architectural style to the housing units and projects of the US; the new Million Programme residential areas were inspired by early suburban neighbourhoods such as Vällingby and Årsta. One of the main aims behind the planning of these residential areas was to create "good democratic citizens"; the means of achieving this were to build at high quality with a good range of services including schools, churches, public spaces and meeting places for different groups of households.
A principal aim was to mix and integrate different groups of households through the spatial mixing of tenures. Most of the apartments were of the "standard three room apartment" type of 75 m², planned for a model family of two adults and two children; the second type of apartments were the "student blocks" or "student suburbs" that were planned and built in the cities having large universities, like Stockholm, Uppsala, Linköping and Umeå. 150,000 new "student apartments" were built in specially designated "student suburbs" in order to meet the needs of the increasing university student population. These student apartments were 1-bedroom 1-bathroom and common kitchen type dorms that were clustered together in a large suburb or neighbourhood; the ownership of the apartments were leased out to "housing companies" like Heimstaden AB who rented it out at below market rates, the rents being subsidized by the government. The Million Programme is sometimes equated with the construction of concentrated tower blocks.
However, these areas constituted about one third of the programme's apartments. Areas with lower apartment blocks and areas with one-family houses made up about the remaining two thirds of the number of total units. Million Programme districts include: Rinkeby and Husby in Stockholm Municipality Bredäng, Skärholmen and Vårberg in Stockholm Municipality Fisksätra in Nacka. Vårby gård, Alby and Hallunda in Huddinge Municipality and Botkyrka Municipality outside Stockholm Jordbro and Brandbergen in Haninge Municipality outside Stockholm Hallonbergen in Sundbyberg Municipality Hagalund in Solna Municipality Malmvägen in Sollentuna Municipality Hovsjö, Ronna and Fornhöjden in Södertälje Municipality Hjällbo and several others in Angered in Gothenburg Municipality Bergsjön in Gothenburg Municipality Hisings-Backa and Biskopsgården in Gothenburg Rosengård, Kroksbäck, Bellevuegården, Lindängen, Höja, Lindeborg and Holma in Malmö Komarken in Kungälv Kronogården in Trollhättan Kronoparken in Karlstad Ryd, Ekholmen, Skäggetorp in Linköping Gottsunda and Eriksberg in Uppsala Hertsön in Luleå Araby in Växjö Ålidhem and Mariehem in Umeå Årby in Eskilstuna Hässleholmen and Norrby in Borås Råslätt in Jönköping Ryd, Skövde in Skövde Hageby and Navestad in Norrköping Ekön in Motala Norrliden in Kalmar Norra Fäladen and Klostergården in Lund Korsbacka in Kävlinge Skogslyckan and Dalaberg in Uddevalla Rosta in Örebro Andersberg in Gävle Körfältet in Ös
Salem is the seat of Salem Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden. Statistically it is a part of the bimunicipal contiguously built-up Tumba urban area. In 2005, Salem had a population of 14,171; the number of inhabitants increased to ca. 16,000 in 2008, to 23,000 in 2016. Salem is well known for its annual demonstrations which has occurred since the murder of 17-year old skinhead Daniel Wretström in December 2000