Bay of Lübeck
The Bay of Lübeck is a basin in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Schleswig-Holstein. It forms the southwestern part of the Bay of Mecklenburg; the main port is a borough of the city of Lübeck, at the mouth of river Trave. The Elbe–Lübeck Canal connects the Baltic Sea with the Elbe River; the bay is surrounded by the landstrips of Nordwestmecklenburg. Located in the North of the Bay, the Hansa-Park amusement park creates a popular sight for families all around the region and Southern Denmark; the Pötenitzer Wiek lake splits the states of Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and got historical attention, as it gave East Germany refugees the possibility to flee from East Germany in to West Germany. Priwall Peninsula with the museum ship Passat Travemünder Woche - traditional sailing races on the Bay of Lübeck The disaster on May 3, 1945, involving these 3 ships: Cap Arcona Thielbek Deutschland Lighthouses and lightvessels in Germany Media related to Lübecker Bucht at Wikimedia Commons
Klütz is a town in the Nordwestmecklenburg district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. It is situated near the Baltic Sea coast, 22 km northwest of Wismar, 33 km northeast of Lübeck, it is famous for the manor house Bothmer Castle, located just outside the village. In the centre of the village lies the medieval Brick Gothic village church, dedicated to Our Lady. There is a centre of literature named after writer Uwe Johnson in the town, it is close to the cities of Lübeck and Schwerin and is part of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region. Fedor Kelling, New Zealand politician Carl Friederich Christian Kelling, New Zealand politician Media related to Klütz at Wikimedia Commons Schloss Bothmer website
Hamburg Metropolitan Region
The Hamburg Metropolitan Region is a metropolitan area centred around the city of Hamburg in northern Germany, consisting of eight districts in the federal state of Lower Saxony, six districts in the state of Schleswig-Holstein and two districts in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern along with the city-state of Hamburg itself. It covers an area of 26,000 square kilometres and is home to more than 5.1 million inhabitants. On 1 January 2006 the office of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region opened, as agreed in a state treaty of cooperation between Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein; as of 2005, the Hamburg Metropolitan Region was made up of the city of Hamburg along with numerous rural districts in Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein, altogether comprising 800 cities and municipalities with an overall land area of 19,802 square kilometres. Since it has expanded to cover the districts of Ludwigslust-Parchim and Nordwestmecklenburg in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. * Districts and independent cities.† Ludwigslust was merged into Ludwigslust-Parchim in 2011.
Data for 2010 The Hamburg Larger Urban Zone as defined by Eurostat's Urban Audit covers an area of 7,303 km² and in 2004 had a population of 3,134,620 inhabitants. The Larger Urban Zone covers its directly neighbouring districts; the Hamburg LUZ corresponds with the service area of the Hamburger Verkehrsverbund transport association with an average population density of at least 150 inhabitants/km2. * Districts and independent cities.† not part of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region List of metropolitan regions in Germany List of metropolitan areas in the European Union by GDP Metropolregion Hamburg - official webpage
Maltese patrol boat P29
Boltenhagen was a Kondor I-class minesweeper built in East Germany. After the Volksmarine was disbanded just before the reunification of Germany, she was sold to Malta in 1997 and renamed P29 and was used as a patrol boat. After being decommissioned, she was scuttled as a dive site in 2007 off Ċirkewwa; the minesweeper was laid down on 8 October 1969 at Peenewerft shipyard in Wolgast. She was commissioned on 19 September of that same year, she was the eighteenth ship to be built within the Kondor I class, was named Boltenhagen after the town of the same name in Rostock. She was used to patrol the river banks between West Germany, as well as a minesweeper. After the reunification of Germany, the minesweeper was decommissioned along with most of the Kondor I-class. However, it was used as a patrol vessel by the German Federal Coast Guard; the name Boltenhagen was retained but she was given the pennant number BG31. The ship's guns were dismantled, the radio and radar equipment was changed, it was repainted.
BG31, the last Kondor-I in the German Coast Guard, was decommissioned on 30 June 1996. The former minesweeper was purchased by Malta on 24 July 1997 and was given the pennant number P29, she rejoined her sister ships Ueckermünde and Pasewalk which were purchased by Malta back in 1992 and were given the pennant numbers P30 and P31. P29 became a patrol boat within the Offshore Command of the Maritime Squadron of the Armed Forces of Malta. Since the former minesweepers were purchased unarmed, some light armament was added by the AFM. P29 was used to secure the Maltese coast against smuggling and border control operations, she was decommissioned in 2004 and was bought by the Malta Tourism Authority in September 2005. She was cleaned and was scuttled on 14 August 2007 off the port of Ċirkewwa to serve as a diving site and artificial reef; the wreck now lies at a depth of around 35 metres but the entire dive may be done at 25 metres. The highest point is situated only 12 metres deep from the surface.
Since it was quite sunk compared to the MV Rozi and other wreck sites in Malta, it requires some time to attract a good amount of marine life inside and around it. However, since its sinking, Alicia mirabilis, flying gurnards and rays have started settling on the former patrol boat. In 2013, P29 was listed among the "10 Most Incredible Sunken Ships on Earth" by Amazing Beautiful World, although this list has been disputed. Images of the wreck of P29 Maltese patrol boat P31
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Grevesmühlen is a municipality in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, northern Germany. It was the seat of the Nordwestmecklenburg district until 2011, it is situated 33 km east of Lübeck, 29 km northwest of Schwerin. It is part of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region; the name Grevesmühlen goes back as far as 1226, which makes it one of the oldest towns in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Carsten Jancker Manfred W. Jürgens Rudolph Karstadt Astrid Kumbernuss Jens Voigt Media related to Grevesmühlen at Wikimedia Commons
Wismar is a port and Hanseatic city in Northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is located about 45 kilometres east of Lübeck and 30 kilometres north of Schwerin, is part of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region, its natural harbour, located in the Bay of Wismar, is protected by a promontory. The population was 42,219 in 2013, it is the capital of the district of Nordwestmecklenburg. With its origins as a Slavic settlement, Wismar's recorded history began in the 12th century. At various times, Wismar has been part of Sweden or Germany, including East Germany, it became part of Germany in 1871, though Sweden renounced its claims to the city only much in 1903. A unique representative of the Hanseatic League city type, with its Brick Gothic constructions and many patrician gable houses, Wismar has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since 2002, together with the historical core of Stralsund; the name of the settlement was first recorded in the 12th century and it was of Slavic origin.
It comes from a personal Slavic name Wyszemir. Wismar was part of the Western Slavic Obotrites territory. Wismar received its civic rights in 1229, came into the possession of Mecklenburg in 1301. In 1259 it had entered a pact with Lübeck and Rostock, in order to defend itself against the numerous Baltic sea pirates; this developed into the Hanseatic League. During the 13th and 14th centuries it was a flourishing Hanseatic town, with important woollen factories. Though a plague carried off 2,000 of the inhabitants in 1376, the town seems to have remained tolerably prosperous until the 16th century. Under the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 Wismar passed into the possession of Sweden, with a ruling house from which it acquired its name. Through Wismar and the other dominions in the Holy Roman Empire, the Swedish monarchs in their roles as princes, or Reichsfürsten, took part in the Imperial Diets. From 1653 it was the seat of the highest court for that part of Sweden. In 1803 Sweden pledged both town and lordship to Mecklenburg for 1,258,000 Riksdaler, however, the right of redemption after 100 years.
In view of this contingent right of Sweden, Wismar was not represented at the diet of Mecklenburg until 1897. In 1903 Sweden renounced its claims on the town. Wismar still retains a few relics including the right to fly its own flag. At the turn of the 19th century the most important manufacturing industries of Wismar were iron, paper, roofing-felt and asphalt. There was considerable trade by sea, in exports including grain, oil-seeds and butter, the imports coal and iron; the harbour was deep enough to admit vessels of 5 meters draught, permitting sizeable steamers to unload at its quays. Wismar was the home to the Dornier aircraft plant, to railway rolling-stock factories. In World War II Wismar was damaged by Allied air raids. At the end of the war in Europe, as the line of contact between Soviet and other Allied armies formed, Wismar was captured by the British 6th Airborne Division's 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion on May 2, 1945. On 7 May 1945 Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky met in Wismar.
On July 1, 1945, due to the occupation zone agreements of the Yalta Conference making Wismar a part of the Soviet Zone of Germany, the British troops departed and Soviet troops took over. During the period of the German Democratic Republic, from 1949 to 1990, Wismar was developed as a port and shipbuilding city, becoming East Germany's second-largest port, after Rostock. Although the DDR government pledged to restore churches, bomb-damaged during the war, this commitment was for the most part not fulfilled. After German reunification in 1990, churches and other historic buildings in the city's Altstadt were restored, the old towns of Wismar and Stralsund, some 100 miles to the east, were listed as UNESCO world heritage sites. In 2011, Wismar became the capital of the Landkreis of Nordwestmecklenburg. 1919-1929: Lawyer Hans Rasp 1929-1933: Heinrich Brechling 1933-1945: Alfred Pleuger May 1945-June 1945: Heinrich von Biel June 1945-August 1945: Heinz Adolf Janert August 1945 – 1945: Karl Keuscher September 1945 – 1945: August Wilke December 1945-December 1950: Herbert Säverin January 1951-June 1952 Erhard Holweger August 1953-June 1957: Herbert Kolm July 1957-April 1969: Herbert Fiegert April 1969-November 1989: Günter Lunow November 1989-May 1990: Wolfram Flemming, temporary 1990-2010: Rosemarie Wilcken since July 2010: Thomas Beyer The centre of the old town is the huge Market Place, one of the largest in northern Germany, surrounded by elegant buildings with styles ranging from 14th-century North German Gothic to 19th-century Romanesque revival to Art Nouveau.
The square's focal point is the Wasserkunst, an elaborate wrought-iron fountain imported from Holland in 1602. The northern side of the square is occupied by the Town Hall, built in neoclassical style in 1817–1819. Another notable building in the square is a Brick Gothic Bürgerhaus called the Alter Schwede, erected around 1380. St. George's Church, the third so-named edifice on the site, dates from 1404, it had escaped major damage during most of World War II, but was damaged by "Blockbuster bombs" dropped by the British Royal Air Force on April 14, 1945, three weeks before the end of the war. After German reunification, reconst