Nancy Freeman-Mitford, known as Nancy Mitford, was an English novelist and journalist. One of the Mitford sisters, she was regarded as one of the "Bright Young People" on the London social scene in the inter-war years, she wrote several novels about upper-class life in England and France and was considered a sharp and provocative wit. She established a reputation for herself as a writer of popular historical biographies. Mitford enjoyed a privileged childhood as the eldest daughter of the Hon. David Freeman-Mitford 2nd Baron Redesdale. Educated she had no training as a writer before publishing her first novel in 1931; this early effort and the three that followed it created little stir. Mitford's marriage to Peter Rodd in 1933 proved unsatisfactory to both, during the Second World War she formed a liaison with a Free French officer, Gaston Palewski, he became the love of her life. After the war Mitford settled in France and lived there until her death, maintaining social contact with her many English friends through letters and regular visits.
During the 1950s Mitford was identified with the concept of "U" and "non-U" language, whereby social origins and standing were identified by words used in everyday speech. She had intended this as a joke, but many took it and Mitford was considered an authority on manners and breeding—possibly her most recognised legacy, her years were bitter-sweet, the success of her biographical studies of Madame de Pompadour and King Louis XIV contrasting with the ultimate failure of her relationship with Palewski. From the late 1960s her health deteriorated, she endured several years of painful illness before her death in 1973; the Mitford family dates from the Norman era, when Sir John de Mitford held the Castle of Mitford in Northumberland. A Sir John held several important public offices during the late 14th and early 15th centuries, the family maintained a tradition of public service for many generations. In the 18th century William Mitford was a leading classical historian, responsible for the definitive history of ancient Greece.
His great-grandson Algernon Bertram Mitford, born in 1837 and known as "Bertie", was a diplomat and traveller who held minor office in Disraeli's second ministry, from 1874 to 1880. In 1874 he married Clementina, the second daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie, a union that linked the Mitfords to some of Britain's most prominent aristocratic families. Blanche Ogilvy, Clementina's elder sister, became the wife of Sir Henry Montague Hozier, a soldier turned businessman, their four children included daughters Clementine, who in 1908 married the future British prime minister Winston Churchill, Nellie who married Bertram Romilly. Both Hozier and Blanche were promiscuous, it is accepted by historians and family members that Hozier was not Clemmie's father, although he was registered as such. Blanche told her friend Lady Londonderry, shortly before Clemmie's birth, that the father of the expected child was her own brother-in-law, Bertie Mitford. Bertie Mitford's marriage produced four daughters.
His career in government service ended in 1886, when after the death of a cousin he inherited a considerable fortune. A condition of the inheritance was that he adopt the surname "Freeman-Mitford", he rebuilt Batsford House, the family's country seat, served as a Unionist MP in the 1890s, otherwise devoted himself to books and travel. In 1902 he was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Redesdale, a re-creation of a title, held in the family but had lapsed in 1886. Nancy Mitford's father, David Bertram Ogilvy Freeman-Mitford, was Bertie Mitford's second son, born on 13 March 1878. After several years as a tea planter in Ceylon he fought in the Boer War of 1899–1902 and was wounded. In 1903 he became engaged to Sydney Bowles, the elder daughter of Thomas Gibson Bowles, known as "Tap", a journalist and magazine proprietor whose publications included Vanity Fair and The Lady; the couple were married on 16 February 1904, after which they rented a house in Graham Street in West London. Bowles provided his son-in-law as business manager of The Lady magazine.
David knew nothing of business. He remained in this position for ten years; the couple's first child, a daughter, was born on 28 November 1904. Responsibility for Nancy's day-to-day upbringing was delegated to her nanny and nursemaid, within the framework of Sydney's short-lived belief that children should never be corrected or be spoken to in anger. Before this experiment was discontinued, Nancy had become uncontrollable. Just before her third birthday, a sister, was born. In January 1909 a brother, Tom was born, in June 1910 another sister, followed; that summer, to relieve the pressure on what was becoming an overcrowded nursery, Nan
New Zealand national rugby union team
The New Zealand national rugby union team, called the All Blacks, represents New Zealand in men's rugby union, known as the country's national sport. The team has won the last two Rugby World Cups, in 2011 and 2015 as well as the inaugural tournament in 1987, they have a 77% winning record in test match rugby, are the only international men’s side with a winning record against every opponent. Since their international debut in 1903, they have lost to only six of the 19 nations they have played in test matches. Since the introduction of the World Rugby Rankings in 2003, New Zealand has held the number one ranking longer than all other teams combined; the All Blacks jointly hold the record for the most consecutive test match wins for a tier one ranked nation, along with England. New Zealand competes with Argentina and South Africa in The Rugby Championship; the All Blacks have won the trophy sixteen times in the competition's twenty-three-year history. New Zealand have completed a Grand Slam tour four times – 1978, 2005, 2008 and 2010.
The All Blacks have been named the World Rugby Team of the Year ten times since the award was created in 2001, an All Black has won the World Rugby Player of the Year award ten times over the same period. Fifteen former All Blacks have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame; the team's first match was in 1884, their first international test match was in 1903 against Australia in Sydney. The following year, they hosted their first home test, a match against a British Isles side in Wellington; this was followed by a 34-game tour of Europe and North America in 1905, where the team suffered only one defeat – their first test loss, against Wales. New Zealand's early uniforms consisted of a black jersey with a silver fern and white knickerbockers. By the 1905 tour, they were wearing all black, except for the silver fern, the name All Blacks dates from this time; the team perform a Māori challenge or posture dance, before each match. The haka has traditionally been Te Rauparaha's Ka Mate, although since 2005 Kapa o Pango has been performed.
Rugby union – universally referred to only as "rugby" in New Zealand – was introduced to New Zealand by Charles Monro in 1870. The first recorded game in New Zealand took place in May 1870 in Nelson between the Nelson club and Nelson College; the first provincial union, the Canterbury Rugby Football Union, was formed in 1879, in 1882 New Zealand's first internationals were played when New South Wales toured the country. NSW did not face a New Zealand representative team but played seven provincial sides – the tourists won four games and lost three. Two years the first New Zealand team to travel overseas toured New South Wales. A organised British team, which became the British and Irish Lions, toured New Zealand in 1888. No test matches were played, the side only played provincial sides; the British players were drawn from Northern England, but there were representatives from Wales and Scotland. In 1892, following the canvassing of provincial administrators by Ernest Hoben, the New Zealand Rugby Football Union was formed by the majority of New Zealand's provincial unions, but did not include Canterbury, Otago or Southland.
The first sanctioned New Zealand side toured New South Wales in 1893, where the Thomas Ellison captained team won nine of their ten matches. The following year New Zealand played its first home "international" game, losing 8–6 to New South Wales; the team's first true test match occurred against Australia on 15 August 1903 at the Sydney Cricket Ground in front of over 30,000 spectators, resulted in a 22–3 victory. A representative New Zealand team first toured the British Isles in 1905; the side is now known as the "Originals", as the "All Blacks" name emerged during this tour when, according to team member Billy Wallace, a London newspaper reported that the New Zealanders played as if they were "all backs". Wallace claimed that because of a typographical error, subsequent references were to "All Blacks"; this account is most a myth – because of their black playing strip, the side was referred to as the Blacks before they left New Zealand. Though the name All Blacks most existed before the trip, the tour did popularise it.
The Originals played 35 matches on tour, their only loss was a 3–0 defeat to Wales in Cardiff. The match has entered into the folklore of both countries because of a controversy over whether All Black Bob Deans scored a try which would have earned his team a 3–3 draw. In contrast to the success of the Originals on the field, the team did antagonise some in the Home Nations' rugby establishment; this complaint continued to dog New Zealand teams until the 1930s. The success of the Originals had uncomfortable consequences for the amateur NZRFU. In 1907, a party of professional players was assembled to tour the British Isles and play rugby league – a professional offshoot of rugby union, played by clubs that split from England's Rugby Football Union due to disagreements over financial compensation for players; when the "All Golds", as the team came to be known, returned they established rugby league in New Zealand, a large number of players switched to the professional code. English and Welsh authorities were alarmed by the threat of professionalism to rugby in New Zealand, in 1908 an Anglo-Welsh side undertook a tour to New Zealand to help promote the amateu
The Pursuit of Love
The Pursuit of Love is a novel by Nancy Mitford, first published in 1945. It is the first in a trilogy about an upper-class English family in the interwar period. Although a comedy, the story has tragic overtones; the narrator is Fanny, whose mother and father have left her to be brought up by her Aunt Emily and the valetudinarian Davey, whom Emily marries early in the novel. Fanny spends holidays with her Uncle Matthew Radlett, Aunt Sadie, numerous cousins at Alconleigh. Linda, the second Radlett daughter, is the main character of the novel; the early chapters recount the Radlett children's bizarre upbringing, including their contrasting obsessions with hunting and preventing cruelty to animals, the activities of their secret society, "the Hons." The Radlett daughters receive little in the way of formal education, as Linda grows older she is consumed by a desire for romantic love and marriage. Louisa, the eldest Radlett child, makes her début and becomes engaged to John Fort William, a Scottish peer more than twenty years her senior.
Linda finds Lord Fort William an unromantic choice of husband, but is jealous that Louisa is getting married. Linda becomes depressed, awaiting her own coming-out party. During this time she makes friends with Lord Merlin, a neighbouring landlord, a wealthy, charming aesthete with many fashionable friends. Merlin brings Tony Kroesig, heir to a wealthy banking family, as a last-minute guest to Linda's coming-out ball. Linda falls in love with Tony. Uncle Matthew disapproves of Tony's German ancestry, is furious when Linda and Fanny sneak away to Oxford to have luncheon with Tony. Linda and Tony marry despite the strong disapproval of their families. Linda quickly realises that she has made a serious mistake, but she keeps up a pretence of having a happy marriage. Linda and Tony have Moira, to whom Linda takes an instant dislike. Linda dies during Moira's birth, her doctors advise her to have no more children. Moira is soon abandoned to the care of her paternal grandparents. During this time, Fanny marries a young man begins a family of her own.
After nine years of marriage, Linda leaves Tony for an ardent Communist. Christian is kind but vague, uninterested in individuals, preferring to focus on the plight of the working class. Linda's divorce and remarriage cause a rift between her and her parents, but after some months they reconcile. Linda and Christian go to France to work with Spanish refugees in Perpignan during the Spanish Civil War, where they meet Linda's old friend Lavender Davis, an efficient young woman volunteering to help the refugees. Linda realises that Christian and Lavender are falling in love with one another and that they would be a better pairing. Linda decides to leave France. On the way back to England, Linda runs out of money in Paris and meets Fabrice de Sauveterre, a wealthy French duke. Linda lives with him in Paris for eleven months. During this time she cultivates a great interest in clothes, which Fabrice encourages and finances, but most of her happiness is the result of the fact that she has found the love of her life.
When World War II breaks out, Fabrice persuades Linda to return to England alone, for he has work to do in the French Resistance. During the war, he is able to visit Linda in England once, she becomes pregnant. Meanwhile, for safety during the London Blitz, Fanny and their children are living at Alconleigh, along with Matthew, Emily, Davey, "the Bolter," and her new lover Juan; when Linda's house is bombed, she goes to stay at Alconleigh. The Bolter sees Linda as a younger version of herself, which Linda resents, because she is certain that she has found the love of her life in Fabrice and will not run off from any more husbands. Fanny is expecting a baby, she and Linda give birth to their sons on the same day. Linda dies in childbirth. Fanny and her husband name him Fabrice. Mitford Don't Tell Alfred, her penultimate novel, The Blessing references The Pursuit of Love and characters from The Blessing appear in Don't Tell Alfred. Uncle Matthew, "Lord Alconleigh". Bob, the eldest son, one of the few well-behaved Radlett children Jassy, Matt's inseparable friend, perpetually saving up to run away from home Matt, Jassy's inseparable friend runs away from Eton to fight in the Spanish Civil War Robin, the youngest son Victoria, the baby of the family, born when the older children are entering their teens.
An irrepressible child, Love in a Cold Climate. Fanny Logan, the narrator, a cousin of the Radletts and Linda's best friend Fabrice de Sauveterre, a wealthy French duke, Linda's final lover and the great love of her life Emily Warbeck, Sadie Alconleigh's sister and Fanny's aunt Davey Warbeck, Emily's husband, a distinguished writer and critic, a hypochondriac who undergoes unusual remedies for the sake of his health The Bolter, for whom no other name is
The Gyrojet is a family of unique firearms developed in the 1960s named for the method of gyroscopically stabilizing its projectiles. Rather than inert bullets, Gyrojets fire small rockets called Microjets which have little recoil and do not require a heavy barrel or chamber to resist the pressure of the combustion gases. Velocity on leaving the tube was low, but increased to around 1,250 feet per second at 30 feet; the result is a lightweight weapon. Long out of production, today they are a coveted collector's item with prices for the most common model ranging above $1,000, they are, however fired. Robert Mainhardt and Art Biehl joined forces to form MBAssociates, or MBA, in order to develop Biehl's armor-piercing rocket rounds. Developed in a.51 caliber, the cartridges were self-contained self-propelled rockets with calibers ranging from.49 and 6mm to 20mm. A family of Gyrojet weapons was designed, including the pistol, the carbine and a rifle, as well as a proposed squad-level light machine gun and a needlegun known as the Lancejet.
The space age-looking carbines and an assault rifle variant with a removable grip-inserted magazine were tested by the US Army, where they proved to have problems. One issue was that the vent ports allowed humid air into fuel, where it made the combustion less reliable; the ports themselves could become fouled easily, although it was suggested that this could be solved by sealing the magazines or ports. Versions of the Gyrojet that were tested were inaccurate, slow loading, unreliable. At best, a 1% failure rate was suggested; these disadvantages could have been overcome in time, but the technology did not offer enough advantages over conventional small arms to survive. The original designer Robert Mainhardt enlisted the help of his friend Nick Minchakievich of Pleasanton, before 1962, in helping to stabilize the projectiles or ammunition. Minchakievich first developed retractable fins, but the retractable fins proved too expensive. The two experimental calibers with retractable fins were 13 mm.
Rushed for a solution due to the possibility of large government contracts, Minchakievich invented diagonal vented ports to make the projectiles or ammunition spin while advancing, stabilizing the projectiles using centrifugal force in the same manner as a rifle. This method was used in all the Mainhardt calibers for the Gyrojet. Minchakievich warned Mainhardt that rushing the project would only make the pistol shoddy and unreliable. Working for free out of his Livermore Aerospace Plastics Lab, Minchakievich requested six more months to perfect an accurate projectile, make the Gyrojet more famous than the Colt Peacemaker. Mainhardt and the Air Force declined as technology was in demand for Vietnam. Minchakievich attempted a marketing strategy by enlisting the help of Gene Roddenberry in using the pistol on Star Trek. Although Roddenberry loved the Gyrojet, he wanted a "ray gun" and not a pistol that shot a rocket projectile, no matter how advanced for the twentieth century. MBA projectiles are still found at building sites on Sycamore Creek Way and Happy Valley Road in Pleasanton where Minchakievich lived and did some experimentation.
The inherent difference between a conventional firearm and a rocket is that the projectile of a conventional firearm builds up to its maximum speed in the barrel of the firearm slows down over its trajectory. A bullet has maximum kinetic energy at the muzzle; the burn time for a Gyrojet rocket has been reported as 1/10 of a second by a Bathroom Reader's Institute book and as 0.12 seconds by "The'DeathWind' Project."A firearm's rifled barrel must be manufactured to high precision and be capable of withstanding high pressures. The Gyrojet rocket is fired through a simple smooth-walled tube of no great strength. Accuracy is increased by spinning the projectile; this is achieved for a bullet by being forced against spiral rifling grooves in the barrel. A rocket does not have enough initial energy to allow stabilization this way. Spin stabilization of the Gyrojet was provided by angling the four tiny rocket ports rather than by forcing the projectile through a rifled barrel. Combustion gases released within the barrel were vented through vent holes in it.
Spin stabilization is limited in accuracy as a targeting technique by the accuracy with which one can point the launching tube and the accuracy with which the orientation of the projectile is constrained by the tube. The technique requires the shooter to have a line of sight to his target; the rocket leaves the barrel with low energy, accelerates until the fuel is exhausted at about 60 feet, at which point the 180 grain rocket has a velocity of about 1250 feet per second greater than Mach one, with about twice as much energy as the common.45 ACP round. While test figures vary testers report that there was a sonic crack from some rounds, but only a hissing sound from others, suggesting that the maximum velocity varied from below to above Mach 1. In 1965, the manufacturer of the pistol claimed 5-mil accuracy (about 17 MOA, or about 4.5 inches at 25
A mesh strainer known as sift known as sieve, is a device for separating wanted elements from unwanted material or for characterizing the particle size distribution of a sample using a woven screen such as a mesh or net or metal. The word "sift" derives from "sieve". In cooking, a sifter is used to separate and break up clumps in dry ingredients such as flour, as well as to aerate and combine them. A strainer is a form of sieve used to separate solids from liquid; some industrial strainers available are simplex basket strainers, duplex basket strainers, Y strainers. Simple basket strainers are used to protect valuable or sensitive equipment in systems that are meant to be shut down temporarily; some used strainers are bell mouth strainers, foot valve strainers, basket strainers. Most processing industries will opt for a self-cleaning strainer instead of a basket strainer or a simplex strainer due to limitations of simple filtration systems; the self-cleaning strainers or filters are more efficient and provide an automatic filtration solution.
Sieving is a simple technique for separating particles of different sizes. A sieve such as used for sifting flour has small holes. Coarse particles are separated or broken up by grinding against screen openings. Depending upon the types of particles to be separated, sieves with different types of holes are used. Sieves are used to separate stones from sand. Sieving plays an important role in food industries where sieves are used to prevent the contamination of the product by foreign bodies; the design of the industrial sieve is here of primary importance. Triage sieving refers to grouping people according to their severity of injury; the mesh in a wooden sieve might be made from wicker. Use of wood to avoid contamination is important. Henry Stephens, in his Book of the Farm, advised that the withes of a wooden riddle or sieve be made from fir or willow with American elm being best; the rims would be made of fir, oak or beech. A sieve analysis is a practice or procedure used to assess the particle size distribution of a granular material.
Sieve sizes used in combinations of four to eight sieves. Designations and Nominal Sieve Openings Chinois, or conical sieve used as a strainer sometimes used like a food mill Cocktail strainer, a bar accessory Colander, a bowl-shaped sieve used as a strainer in cooking Flour sifter or bolter, used in flour production and baking Graduated sieves, used to separate varying small sizes of material soil, rock or minerals Mesh strainer, or just "strainer" consisting of a fine metal mesh screen on a metal frame Riddle, used for soil Spider, used in Chinese cooking Tamis known as a drum sieve Tea strainer intended for use when making tea Zaru, or bamboo sieve, used in Japanese cooking Cheesecloth Cloth filter Gold panning Gyratory equipment Mechanical screening Molecular sieve Separation process Sieve analysis Soil gradation Filter
Warhammer 40,000 is a miniature wargame created by Rick Priestley and produced by Games Workshop. The first edition of the rulebook was published in October 1987; as in other miniature wargames, players enact a battle between opposing forces using miniature figurines of warriors and models of fighting vehicles. The playing area is a tabletop model of a battlefield, comprising models of buildings, hills and other terrain features. Players take turns moving their model warriors and vehicles around the battlefield and pretend the models are fighting each other; the outcome of each fight between the models is resolved through a combination of dice rolls and simple arithmetic. Warhammer 40,000 is set in the distant future, where a stagnant human civilization is beset by hostile aliens and malevolent supernatural creatures; the models in the game are a mixture of humans and supernatural monsters, wielding futuristic weaponry and magical powers. Warhammer 40,000 is one of the most popular miniature wargames in the world.
It has spawned a number of spin-off tabletop games. These include Battlefleet Gothic, it has spawned a large number of video games, such as the Dawn of War series. It has spawned a large body of novels and comic books, which develop the fictional setting in detail; the rulebooks and models required to play Warhammer 40,000 are copyrighted and sold by Games Workshop and its subsidiaries. These and other materials all make Warhammer 40,000 expensive. A new player can expect to spend at least $500 to assemble enough materials for a "proper" game. Warhammer 40,000 is meant to be played on a tabletop. In contrast to board games, Warhammer 40,000 does not have a fixed playing field. Players are expected to construct their own custom-made playing field using modular terrain models. Games Workshop sells a variety of proprietary terrain models, but players use generic or homemade ones too; the table should be about four feet by six feet. Unlike certain other miniature wargames, Warhammer 40,000 does not use a grid system.
Players must use measuring tape to measure distances. Distances are measured in inches. Games Workshop sells a large variety of plastic and resin models for Warhammer 40,000. Games Workshop doesn't sell ready-to-play models. Rather, it sells boxes of model parts. Players are expected to paint the miniatures themselves. Games Workshop sells glue and acrylic paints for this purpose; each miniature model represents vehicle. In the rulebooks, there is an entry for every type of model in the game that describes its capabilities. For instance, a model of a Tactical Space Marine has a "Move characteristic" of 6 inches, a "Toughness characteristic" of 4, is armed with a "boltgun" with a range of 24 inches. Warhammer 40,000 does not have a fixed scale, but the models approximate to a scale ratio of 1:60. For instance, a Land Raider tank model is 17cm long but conceptually 10.3m long. A Space Marine model is about 34mm tall. Note: The overview here references the 8th edition of the core rulebook, published June 2017 Models are classified into "factions".
In a matched game, a player can only use warrior models that are all loyal to a common faction, such as "Imperium" or "Chaos". Thus, a player can not, for example, use a mixture of Ork models; each faction has its own weaknesses due to the warriors and weapons it has access to. For instance, the Tau faction favors; the players must agree as to what "points limit" they will play at, which determines how big and powerful their respective armies will be. Each model has a "point value" which corresponds to how powerful the model is, e.g. a Tactical Space Marine is valued at 13 points, whereas a Land Raider tank is valued at 239 points. The sum of the point values of a player's models must not exceed his agreed limit. 1,000 to 2,000 points are common point limits. At the start of a game, each player places his models in starting zones at opposite ends of the playing field. At the start of his turn, a player moves each model in his army by hand across the field. A model can be moved no farther than its listed "Move characteristic".
For instance, a model of a Space Marine can be moved no farther than six inches per turn. If a model can not fly, it must go around obstacles such as trees. Models are grouped into "units", they move and suffer damage as a unit. All models in a unit must stay close to each other. After moving, each unit can attack any enemy unit within range and line-of-fire of whatever weapons and psychic powers its models have. For instance, a unit of Space Marines armed with boltguns can shoot any enemy unit within 24 inches; the attacking player rolls dice to determine how much imaginary damage his models inflicted on the enemy unit. The attacking player cannot target individual models within an enemy unit. Damage is measured in points, if a model suffers more points of damage than its "Wound characteristic" permits, it dies. A model of a "dead" infantry unit is removed from the playing field. Disabled vehicles are left on the field, serve as obstacles for surviving models. Victory depends on what kind of "mission" the players
Frances Victoria Osborne is a British author. She has written one novel, she is the wife of the former British Chancellor of the Exchequer. Osborne's first biography Lilla's Feast tells the story of her great-grandmother's life and was published by Doubleday in September 2004; the Bolter, Osborne's second biography, became an international best-seller telling the story of her great-grandmother Idina Sackville. Park Lane, her third book and first novel published in June 2012, was named Bookseller's Choice by The Bookseller magazine. Frances Osborne is the eldest daughter of Conservative Minister David Howell, Baron Howell of Guildford and Cary Davina Wallace. Osborne was educated at Windlesham House School, Marlborough College and Oxford University and trained as a barrister where she became friends with the wife of Ed Miliband, Justine Thornton, with whom she embarked on a backpacking trip across South America. Through her mother, she is a direct descendant of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk and Edward I.
Frances married the future Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne on 4 April 1998. They met during a lunch at a mutual friend's house; the Osbornes have two children. Osborne worked in law and journalism before becoming a full-time writer. In 2011, Osborne was featured in Vogue's Special Edition Best Dressed: The Royal Wedding. Osborne's first biography follows the life of the author's paternal great-grandmother, Lilla Eckford. Lilla Eckford wrote a cookery and housekeeping book when in a Japanese internment camp in World War II. Osborne was fourteen when Lilla died at the age of 100. After the death, Osborne discovered a box full of faded letters that had flown between Lilla, her first husband, his parents and his siblings. Osborne read through the letters. Lilla's Feast, published by Doubleday in 2004, has been translated into six different languages, is a Kiriyama Prize Notable Book and a New York Times Editor's Choice; the Bolter: Idina Sackville – the woman who scandalised 1920s society and became White Mischief's infamous seductress is a biography of another of Osborne's great-grandmothers, this time a maternal one.
Idina Sackville was called a "bolter". There were many bolters in the 1920s but Sackville was the most celebrated of them all in result of her relentless affairs and wild sex parties, she inspired many writers and artists, from Nancy Mitford to Greta Garbo but Idina's compelling charm masked the pain of betrayal and heartbreak. At the age of 13, Osborne opened a newspaper to discover that Idina Sackville was her mother's grandmother. Osborne used family letters and diaries including those of Idina's first husband and the shared son of him and Idina, she abandoned him for the first 19 years of his life. The Bolter was published in the U. K. by Virago Press dated 2008 and in the U. S. by Knopf in June 2009 and in trade paperback by Vintage Books in May 2010. It was San Francisco Chronicle's Best Book of the Year and an O: The Oprah Magazine No. 1 Terrific Read. Park Lane is Osborne's first novel, it is set in a mansion on London's Park Lane in 1914. Downstairs is housemaid Grace Campbell pretending to her family she is working in a well-paid office job.
Upstairs is disillusioned debutante Beatrice Masters. Beatrice secretly joins a group of radical militant suffragettes and begins a relationship with a man who would be forbidden from entering Beatrice's house. Grace and Beatrice both will discover how their life decisions will affect their future amid the changing world of World War I, which brings down the barriers that separate the two women. Park Lane was published by Vintage Books in June 2012, was rated a top ten read of 2012 by Easy Living along with being Red Magazine's Book of the Month and a Bookseller's Choice in the UK. Personal website Publisher's website BBC Park Lane Review The Telegraph Frances Osborne Book Oxygen Park Lane Review Lundy, Darryl. "p. 28260 § 282592". The Peerage