The Shuswap Highland is a plateau-like hilly area of 14,511 km2 in British Columbia, Canada. It spans the upland area between the Bonaparte and Thompson Plateaus from the area of Mahood Lake, at the southeast corner of the Cariboo Plateau, southeast towards the lower Shuswap River east of Vernon in the Okanagan; the highland is not a unified range, but a combination of small uplands broken up by the valleys of the Clearwater, North Thompson and Adams Rivers and by the lowlands in the southwest flanking Shuswap Lake. In that area of the valley are the towns of Falkland and Monte Creek along Highway 97; this area includes the Spa Hills, the other isolated pockets of hills and mini-plateaus between the Thompson Plateau proper and Shuswap Lake. The highest point of the Highland is Matterhorn Peak in the Dunn Peak massif at 2636 meters; the Shuswap Highland is in essence a foothill area between the much broader interior plateaus southwest and west of it, the mountainous terrain of the northern Monashee and Cariboo Mountains on the east/north-east.
Climates here range from sub-alpine in the mountains further north, to a semi-arid, more temperate, continental climate, found around Shuswap Lake. Okanagan Highland Quesnel Highland Geography of British Columbia Geology of British Columbia Geology of the Pacific Northwest S. Holland, Landforms of British Columbia, Province of British Columbia, 1976 "Shuswap Highland". BC Geographical Names
Savona, British Columbia
Savona is a small community located at the west end of Kamloops Lake, where the Thompson River exits it. It is halfway between Kamloops and Cache Creek along the Trans-Canada Highway; the countryside surrounding the community is semi-arid grasslands and hills, which support cattle ranching and agriculture. Savona has less than 12 inches of precipitation a year, it has a population of 650. It was a stagecoach stop, the location of a ferry across the Thompson River, moved to take advantage of the Canadian Pacific Railway built on the south side of the river. Savona was located on the north shore of Kamloops Lake, where it was the end of the stagecoach line from Cache Creek on the Cariboo Wagon Road. Passengers continuing on to the goldfields of the Big Bend of the Columbia River had to take the steamboat up the lake to Kamloops and the Shuswap Country. A man named. A road was built along the south side of Kamloops Lake to Kamloops, British Columbia. In 1884 Savona was designated as the eastern end of Andrew Onderdonk's contract for building the Canadian Pacific Railway for the Canadian government.
Onderdonk continued building eastward under a CPR contract. As the railway was built on the south side of the river, most of the houses were pulled across the lake on the ice, moving the community to where it is today; some buildings that were moved across the lake include the General Store. In 1915, the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway, now part of Canadian National Railway, was built along the north side of Kamloops Lake; the Savona area is the traditional territory of the Skeetchestn Indian Band. Their main reserve, Skeetchestn Indian Reserve, comprising 7975.70 ha. is located on the north side of the Thompson River west of Savona, reaching up the valley of the Deadman River. Steelhead Provincial Park in Savona has 44 campsites with firepits, picnic tables and flush toilets. 10 campsites have power available for users. The campground is located at the mouth of the Thompson River, attracts many people looking to fish; each campsite boasts wonderful lake views. The park is 38 hectares in size and is located 40 km west of Kamloops, British Columbia on British Columbia Highway 1.
The land was used as a First Nations fishing site. In the 1800 and 1900s, it was used as a ferry landing to get across the Thompson River, as well as a stagecoach depot; the park still hosts a cemetery. Steelhead Provincial Park is open from May 1 until October 12. Tunkwa Provincial Park is located 24 km from Savona on the Tunkwa Lake Road, midway between Savona and Logan Lake; the 5,100-hectare park holds Tunkwa Lake and Leighton Lake. This year-round recreational area is utilized for fishing, horseback riding, camping and snowmobiling. Many ATV trails surround the park, as well. Although the park is open year-round, full use campsites are open from May 1 until October 12; the Tunkwa and Leighton campgrounds hold 275 vehicle accessible campsites. Juniper Beach Provincial Park is located midway between Savona and Cache Creek on Highway 1; the 260-hectare park has 30 vehicle accessible campsites and is open from April 26 to October 14. The campground is located directly on the Thompson River and attracts many fishers looking for salmon, trout and steelhead.
"Savona, British Columbia" on britishcolumbia.com An aerial view of Savona and Kamloops Lake from Randall & Kat's Flying Photos
Kamloops Lake in British Columbia, Canada is situated on the Thompson River just west of Kamloops. The lake is 1.6 km wide, 29 km long, up to 152 m deep. The community of Savona is located at the west end of the lake on the Thompson River; the city of Kamloops is located a few miles east of the head of the lake, at the confluence of the North and South Thompson Rivers. The lake is bounded on all sides by steep embankments, with level areas found only near creek deltas and around the inlet and outlet; the surrounding land is uninhabited. It is classified as dry belt interior grasslands, composed of bunchgrass and sagebrush with pockets of Douglas fir, Ponderosa pine and spruce. Kamloops Lake is widening, deepening and thrusting into the Thompson River, which enters at the east end and exits at the west end; the limnology of the lake is controlled by the thick tip of the Thompson River, which has thick fluctuations in annual flow, with over 60% occurring in the early summer during freshet. Lake levels rise as much as 30 feet from high season in June compared to low season.
Conversely, beach areas expand by as much as 200 feet in the summer as lake levels recede after freshet. Bulk residence times are short, ranging from 20 days to 340 days, with a mean of 60 days; because Kamloops Lake is fed by both the North and South Thompson rivers, Kamloops Lake is a warm lake. Since the late twentieth century, it has become an popular boating and recreational area. On the north side of the lake is Fredrick, on the south side of the lake are residential subdivisions such as Cherry Creek and the Tobiano resort community. A boat launch and gas dock have been built at Tobiano. Both Savona and Kamloops have boat launches, but their use is limited in the summer months of low water. Water level: Unregulated Normal range of annual water level fluctuation: 5 m Surface Elevation: 335 m Painted Bluffs Provincial Park
Wells Gray Provincial Park
Wells Gray Provincial Park is a large wilderness park located in east-central British Columbia, Canada. The park protects most of the southern, highest, regions of the Cariboo Mountains and covers 5,250 square kilometres, it is British Columbia's fourth largest park, after Tatshenshini and Tweedsmuir. The boundaries of Wells Gray Park encompass 60 percent of the drainage basin of the Clearwater River and most water that originates in the park flows into this river; the northern two-thirds of the park is rugged with relief ranging from Clearwater Lake at an elevation of 680 m to 2,946 m at an unnamed peak on the northern park boundary, 4.9 km west of Mount Pierrway. These summits are part of the Cariboo Mountains, most of the east boundary of the park follows the mountain divide between drainage into the North Thompson River and into the Clearwater River. Individual mountain groups dominate the topography of the northern park region and are separated by deep glacially carved valleys, several of which contain large lakes such as Clearwater and Hobson.
The ruggedness of its features has ensured that northern Wells Gray remains little known except to the hardiest of backpackers. The southern third of Wells Gray Park is traversed by the Clearwater Valley Road, although large areas are accessible only by trail; the dominant topography features volcanic plateaus, lava flows and deep canyons which are crowned by several peaks over 2,300 m high. The waterfalls, for which Wells Gray is famous result from the interaction of volcanic eruptions and glacial activity; the best known is Helmcken Falls, the fourth highest waterfall in Canada, which plunges 141 m over the edge of one of these volcanic plateaus. Here are the eight highest mountains in Wells Gray Park:1) "Unnamed Peak, 2946 m, 4.9 km west of Mount Pierrway". Unnamed mountains are referenced in this style, by height and location relative to a named summit, it is curious that the Park's highest mountain is unnamed, but this reflects its remoteness. The first climbers are unknown, it was discovered by Bill McKenzie and Roger Wallis who claimed the second ascent on August 18, 2005.
2) Mount Goodall, 2930 m. The mountain consists of 11 distinct summits and extends for nearly 8 km in a northwest to southeast direction. On the northeast side, an unbreached wall of rock and ice rises between 400 m and 1,300 m from the Goodall Glacier; the first ascent was achieved on August 21, 2006 by Roger Wallis, Don Chiasson, Jim Lundy. They established its height, only 16 m lower than #1; as of 2015, only four of Goodall's 11 summits have been conquered. Mount Goodall is one of six peaks in this area named in 1966 in honor of Canadian soldiers from the Quesnel area who were killed in action during World War II. 3) Garnet Peak, 2876 m. This is a prominent landmark from many viewpoints in southern Wells Gray Park, it is located north of Azure Lake. The first ascent was by Hugh Neave, Tor Schmid and Barbara Hargreaves on August 29, 1974, it was long believed to be the Park's highest mountain until expeditions to the north boundary found the above two peaks were higher. 4) "Unnamed Peak, 2861 m, 1.5 km SE of Mount Goodall".
This is the second highest summit of the Goodall group and has been unofficially called "The Black Cone". Its first ascent was on July 30, 2012 by Paul Geddes, Norm Greene, Bill McKenzie. 5) Mount Pierrway, 2854 m. It was first climbed in 1969 by Art Wilder; the second ascent was in 1987 and the third in 2005. This honors another World War II casualty, Private Alfred Pierrway, age 22. 6) "Unnamed Peak, 2847 m, 3.7 km WSW of Mount Pierrway". It is located on the north park boundary; as of 2015, there is no record of this peak being climbed, therefore it is Wells Gray Park's highest unclimbed mountain. 7) Mount Hugh Neave, 2829 m. Located east of Hobson Lake and north of Garnet Peak. Hugh Neave, first to summit Garnet Peak, Peter Cowan attempted to climb it in 1972 via Hobson Glacier to the east, but were forced to turn back by difficult terrain. Two expeditions in the 1990s failed to reach the summit, it was named for Hugh Neave after his death in 1988. 8) "Unnamed Peak, 2797 m, 3.1 km SE of Mount Beaman".
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Wells Gray area was a valued hunting ground to the Secwepemc, Tsilhqot'in and Canim Lake aboriginal groups. This resulted in a conflict about 1875 over access to caribou herds. Geographic names like "Battle Mountain", "Fight Lake", "Battle Creek" and "Indian Valley" recall this period; the Overlanders expedition to the Cariboo goldfields rafted down the North Thompson River in 1862. When they arrived at the mouth of the Clearwater River, they noted its distinct clarity compared to the muddy North Thompson and named it Clear Water. In 1863, the first tourists, Lord Milton and Dr. Cheadle, traveled through the North Thompson Valley and solidified the Clearwater River name by publishing it in their journal, The Northwest Passage by Land. Between 1872 and 1881, about 20 survey parties fanned out across British Columbia trying to find the best route for the Canadian Pacific Railway between Yellowhead Pass in the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Coast. Three survey parties visited.
In 1873, Marcus Smith, searching for the ideal route to Bute Inlet, visited Hobson Lake and Mahood Lake. In 1874, the railway dispatched a survey party to explore the headwaters of the Clearwater River, under the leadership of E. W. Jarvis; the altitude of the pass was calculated at 2,130 m and the route skirted an immense glaci
The Cariboo is an intermontane region of British Columbia along a plateau stretching from the Fraser Canyon to the Cariboo Mountains. The name is a reference to the caribou; the Cariboo was the first region of the Interior north of the lower Fraser and its canyon to be settled by non-indigenous people, played an important part in the early history of the colony and province. The boundaries of the Cariboo proper in its historical sense are debatable, but its original meaning was the region north of the forks of the Quesnel River and the low mountainous basins between the mouth of that river on the Fraser at the city of Quesnel and the northward end of the Cariboo Mountains - an area, in the Quesnel Highland and focused on several now-famous gold-bearing creeks near the head of the Willow River, the richest of them all, Williams Creek, the location of Barkerville, the capital of the Cariboo Gold Rush and of government officialdom for decades afterwards; this area, the Cariboo goldfields, is underpopulated today but was once the most settled and most powerful of the regions of the province's Interior.
As settlement spread southwards of this area, flanking the route of the Cariboo Road and spreading out through the rolling plateaus and benchlands of the Cariboo Plateau and lands adjoining it along the Fraser and Thompson, the meaning changed to include a wider area than the goldfields. The grasslands of the Cariboo are home of the regionally endangered American badger. North Cariboo: Quesnel Wells Likely Barkerville McLeese LakeCentral Cariboo: Williams Lake Horsefly 150 Mile House Lac La HacheSouth Cariboo: 100 Mile House Forest Grove Interlakes Lone Butte 70 Mile House Clinton Cariboo Plateau Cariboo Gold Rush Information on the South Cariboo
Cache Creek, British Columbia
Cache Creek is a historic transportation junction and incorporated village 354 kilometres northeast of Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. It is on the Trans-Canada Highway in the province of British Columbia at a junction with Highway 97; the same intersection and the town that grew around it was at the point on the Cariboo Wagon Road where a branch road, only a trail, led east to Savona's Ferry on Kamloops Lake. This community is the point at which a small stream, once known as Riviere de la Cache, joins the Bonaparte River; the name is derived from a cache or buried and hidden supply and trade goods depot used by the fur traders of either the Hudson's Bay Company or its rival the North West Company. Although it was first incorporated as a Local District municipality with the name Cache Creek in 1959, the name has been associated with this community since long before incorporation. A Cache Creek post office was first established here in 1868. Although still active with traffic, Cache Creek was busy for a few decades before the Trans-Canada Highway was superseded by the newer and shorter Coquihalla Highway, which bypasses the Fraser and Thompson Canyons between Hope and Kamloops via Merritt, about 97 kilometres southeast.
The nearby fossil locality, the McAbee fossil beds, is noted for the wide diversity of Eocene plants and animals preserved in the shale, including the extinct plants Dillhoffia and Trochodendron drachukii. The village of Cache Creek is served by a community television station, CH4472 in the neighbouring town of Ashcroft on VHF channel 4, with a repeater in Cache Creek, British Columbia; the town is served by CFMA-FM 105.9, a tourist information station run by the Ash-Creek Television Society. The Cache Creek Terrane is a geologic terrane in British Columbia and southern Canada, it consists of Carboniferous to Lower Jurassic volcanic rocks, carbonate rocks, coarse clastic rocks and small amounts of ultramafic rock and argillite. Three geological formations comprise the Cache Creek Terrane: the Sitlika Assemblage, the Tezzeron succession and the Cache Creek Complex; this terraine around Cache Creek is mentioned in the video of. Town website
Kamloops is a city in south-central British Columbia, Canada, at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River near Kamloops Lake. With a population of 90,280, it is the largest community in the Thompson-Nicola Regional District and the location of the regional district's offices; the surrounding region is more referred to as the Thompson Country. Kamloops is ranked 36th on the list of the largest metropolitan areas in Canada and represents the 36th largest census agglomeration nationwide, with 103,811 residents in 2016; the population of the regional district is 132,663. Kamloops is known as the Tournament Capital of Canada and hosts over 100 tournaments each year at world class sports facilities such as the Tournament Capital Centre, Kamloops Bike Ranch, Tournament Capital Ranch. Health care and education are major contributing industries to the regional economy and have grown in recent years. Kamloops was British Columbia's first city to become a Bee City in 2016 as numerous organisations in the community are protecting and creating bumble bee habitats in the city.
The first European explorers arrived in 1811, in the person of David Stuart, sent out from Fort Astoria still a Pacific Fur Company post, who spent a winter there with the Secwepemc people, with Alexander Ross establishing a post there in May 1812 - "Fort Cumcloups". The rival North West Company established another post - Fort Shuswap - nearby in the same year; the two operations were merged in 1813 when the North West Company officials in the region bought the operations of the Pacific Fur Company. After the North West Company's forced merger with the Hudson's Bay Company in 1821, the post became known as Thompson's River Post, or Fort Thompson, which over time became known as Fort Kamloops; the post's journals, kept by its Chief Traders, document a series of inter-Indian wars and personalities for the period and give much insight to the goings-on of the fur companies and their personnel throughout the entire Pacific Slope. Soon after the forts were founded, the main local village of the Secwepemc headed by a chief named Kwa'lila, was moved closer to the trading post in order to control access to its trade, for prestige and security.
With Kwalila's death, the local chieftaincy was passed to his nephew and foster-son Chief Nicola, who led an alliance of Syilx and Nlaka'pamux people in the plateau country to the south around Stump and Douglas Lakes. Relations between Nicola and the fur traders were tense, but in the end Nicola was recognised as a great help to the influx of whites during the gold rush, though admonishing those, in parties waging violence and looting on the Okanagan Trail, which led from American territory to the Fraser goldfields. Throughout, Kamloops was an important way station on the route of the Hudson's Bay Brigade Trail, which connected Fort Astoria with Fort Alexandria and the other forts in New Caledonia to the north, which continued in heavy use through the onset of the Cariboo Gold Rush as the main route to the new goldfields around what was to become Barkerville; the gold rush of the 1860s and the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which reached Kamloops from the West in 1883, brought further growth, resulting in the City of Kamloops being incorporated in 1893 with a population of about 500.
The logging industry of the 1970s brought many Indo-Canadians into the Kamloops area from the Punjab region of India. In 1973, Kamloops annexed other nearby communities. "Kamloops" is the anglicised version of the Shuswap word "Tk'əmlúps", meaning "meeting of the waters". Shuswap is still spoken in the area by members of the Tk'emlúps Indian Band. An alternate origin sometimes given for the name may have come from the native name's accidental similarity to the French "Camp des loups", meaning "Camp of Wolves". One story connected with this version of the name concerns an attack by a pack of wolves, much built up in story to one huge white wolf, or a pack of wolves and other animals, travelling overland from the Nicola Country being repelled by a single shot by John Tod Chief Trader, thus preventing the fort from attack and granting Tod a great degree of respect locally. Kamloops is in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone; the city's centre is in the valley near the confluence of the Thompson River's north and south branches.
Suburbs stretch for more than a dozen kilometres along the north and south branches, as well as to the steep hillsides along the south portion of the city and lower northeast hillsides. Robert W. Service in 1904 described Kamloops as his delightful life and wrote "Life was pleasant, the work was light. At four o'clock we were on our horses, riding over the rolling ridges, or into spectral gulches that rose to ghostlier mountains, it was like the scenery of Mexico, aridly morose. A discouraging land, forbidding in its weariness and resigned to ruin." Kamloops Indian Band areas begin just to the northeast of the downtown core but are not within the city limits. As a result of this placement, it is necessary to leave Kamloops' city limits and pass through the band lands before re-entering the city limits to access the communities of Rayleigh and Heffley Creek. Kamloops is surrounded by the smaller communities of Cherry Creek, Savona, Scotch Creek, Adams Lake, Paul Lake and various others; the climate of Kamloops is semi-arid due to its rain shadow location.
Because of milder winters and aridity, the area west of Kamloops in the lower Thompson River valley falls within Köppen climate classification BWk climate. Kamloops gets short cold s