Bonne of Armagnac

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Bonne of Armagnac
Duchess of Orléans
Charles of Orleans & Bonne of Armagnac Marriage.jpg
Marriage of Charles and Bonne at the Chateau de Dourdan – from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry
Born 19 February 1399
Died 1430–35
Spouse Charles, Duke of Orléans
House Armagnac
Father Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac
Mother Bonne of Berry

Bonne of Armagnac (19 February 1399 – 1430/35) was the eldest daughter of Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac and Constable of France, and of Bonne of Berry.


On 15 August 1410 at the age of 11, she married Charles, Duke of Orléans (left an orphan by his father Louis's assassination in 1407).[1] This marriage made the constable not only Charles's father-in-law but also his natural defender. The Orléans party, left without a leader by Louis's death, thus became the Armagnac party, the name it held up to the treaty of Arras in 1435.[1]

Following the French defeat at the Battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415, Charles was taken prisoner by the English. Bonne had not borne any children prior to his imprisonment. She died sometime between 1430 and 1435 while her husband was still in captivity.

In literature and art[edit]

Bonne appears in the critically acclaimed historical novel Het woud der verwachting (1949) by Hella Haasse, (translated into English in 1989 under the title "In a Dark Wood Wandering"). The novel portrays the life of Bonne's husband Charles.

Charles and Bonne's marriage at the Chateau de Dourdan is depicted in the elaborate illuminated manuscript entitled Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry). It was created between c.1412 to 1416, and is considered one of the very best surviving examples. Because it is contemporary with the events depicted, it is an important resource for more accurately understanding the clothing worn by various classes, and other historical aspects of the period, unlike many imagined versions in paintings created in Victorian period. In addition, the individual persons depicted, although not detailed, may be accurate.



  1. ^ a b Neillands, p. 196.


  • Neillands, Robin (2001). The Hundred Years War. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-26131-7.